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A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Interests. 

)L. XX.— No. 1. t 
1 .lablished 1881. > 




The Most Perfect Set Ever Made 





Sold by all Hardware Dealers 

Polished Finish Only 

The Two Plungers 
do the Work : 

One Holds the Blade 
The Other Sets the 
i Tooth. 


October 81> 1899 

Made in Three Sizes, Large, Medium and Small 





I f > our llanidi »Irr «liwn 
ttMl ll'i III «JmIi 1 fakr kll 

Ulterior «•’! Im «••lua* olir 

'* ll’eju^l 4 * i;*hh|.’’ 

have done much to build 
up our great trade on 


Overalls and Pants. 

We thank you. 


9 to IS ItURRItr ST 
.y/:ir yokA 

Says the World’s Fair Award (J 

Sm tiut Keystone 7 It's on the Ticket 

spth year in business and never 
had a strike ; that’s our 
labor record. 

Cleveland & Whitehill Co., 



( •tfi«*tiii>r aiitl HuiM< ra witliouf ai»»iii 

»11« crnnfiill V wllh llit* Urn* *1*'*|** t'F 

iiaihK Miir New l4»lHir *«a%iiiK M»('hiD<*ry. 

SJ.I on 7 r$ 4 tl '•»r’ .1 


,s/. .Sr»ir,a fatt*. A ) » ^ N 

W. S. Xhomsoii-Hssssssj 

sond miiuo, $ 4 th. Door, BHU, 

Bead. Coigic aid erowc C»ttcrt 


CT Stralfbt, Variety, Mealdlaf and Cat* BlBpSfc 

^ i iiaf ten er every denerietloB aad Steel ■gS m 

Catter Heed Holte 

^ ^ 418-42U W. 27th. St. NEW YORK HH 

m All Ord«rc hf Mall Pr«a»pUf Att«BflHd to 

Swom Circulation of THE CARPESfTEB 

The Beat OllatonB an Earth. 

Best Advertising Medium for Tool Manufacturers, Wood 
Working Machinery, Hardware, Lumber and Buildlxig 
Material». Also of Special Advantage to Contraetora, 
Architect» and Businete Men. 


HIGH GRADE Machinery 



ou 9 *lnf(la NaolilitaM or Kqiilp 
rh**0rfullj furnUheil. 

Illuitrated 312 page oataUgaa frer r 
have good uae for It. 

Aak for “ Wood Worker” Catalegee. 

Ifo. I. Tabibtt Wood Wobkeb. 

A bkmK waluible machine for Carpentera. 
Mlders. SaRh, Door and Blind Maker», etc., 
m on it you can perform a rarletT of work 
vkicb would oiberwiae require tne uae of 
mwm\ ma. 'lines. 

No. 2 Pi ANKE, Match KH am» Mtiri i-aa. 
Planea, one Nide. 114 mehr» wide by 6 iiichea 

Matche« l*i inchea wide ; 

An invaluable tuacliine for a aroall or medluw 
aiaed abop. 

400*436 W. Front Street. 


^ 5»4*534 W. Front St 



AOtamational This is the Label sf Clir 
^ Journeyman Bakers and 
ÄR^BSl^r CtMifeA'tloners, under Uieli 

Vnlon It U 
P*"****«** «H while |>H|s‘r 1 i 
P black Ink and is paslt t| 01 

dealh U# lont; hours and lot* 
»•In bakers' slave pens undertcruund 



Carpenters' Bench and Moulding 








The New System 


ll Architecture 

I BA An hit»^ t»ir«l I» r A w t T. ; 

A hir-ain, Kir- tn. sJ .Mo“i linM 

- h'al C ivil «i.i| .Mtiiiig 
F.i'Wtneenna ; I» r A w ir. ft , 
1« I I» 4 tiMJ H 1 r V e> Ina ; t beu.i«U> . 
^ 1 3 I 1*1 iniftli a. I•••»k »veei.fia; 

5i. M*orit, and; Liia»>«b 

Over Couraea 

h«»«* ihiinaAtiilft I» 1 «»m^v §•.»• »• n« 

ant ft %ri«>n for frno» rtr« Mlar«. i.a 

t.-.n n.,|.j0- I 1*1 «Ui. h y.itg ftfs. ||,f rfoiftlr.l 

tua laiAi. vtiiiiaAL toaaffvrtiaaac« a miiuoia, 

ll«B KlHU, a«-rsai«e. |*a. 

|{eed ^ j^uerbacher 

22 « «OWEUY, 

In Material, in Finish, in Cutting Qualltiea 

Warranted the Best 



Dealera im 

UNION CARPENTERS, attention i 

Th# obIj UN109 MADE Haidg Back, and Panel Saws, MAnufiirtiirfd 
In the United Slntee^ are made bj 

I Ut* l«rtf«'»l Atid iii«at («ifii* 

i>l* t*‘ lifit* ttf W l••«|•«t•.rktl>a 
Xl.11 hllierv ill flu aorld for 
I »<r)*4-iil*‘r6 and JoinerM 4iid 
\N t»«»d*aork»*rn gciir tally 

American Waad Working 
Machina Co. 

Ettabhihfd 1853 
Incorporated 1863 


80 ChamOan SI 


See the fallewlnr, from Carpenteru' CnlooN : 
r* Ife* Carp«ai«ra ot 16« railed Btmtem mad Cmnmdm t 
_ hereby certify that tha Saws made by R. C. Atkina & 

Ce , of IndiaBapolls, Ind.. are strictly UNION MADE ÜOOU6, 
and are flrat*claas In quality. 

•f* Inetnicted to sign this certificate by our respective 

latptnitrt Unitm No. 6.1, fmdianopoH». 


f!ruid*ni Car/onUrt Umion No o 9 t, Imdiana^ln, Ind. 

Thl* SpM« U paid for by Sew Mnk«ra> Velon .A 

•» at taUlnoepolU. lad. 



ttew an , mim. comm 

Is given all around when the house is 
trimmed with Sargent’s Hardware. T1 « 
Architect Is pleased because he sped 
tied It ; the owner Is pleased each time 
he looks at the trimmings because th^' 
add JO much to the beauty of the home 
and everybody is pleased with the work- 
ing of Sargent’s Easy Spring Locks. 

Sargent & Company, 

Maker* of .Artistic ilardwar« and Fine 

Naw York ; and N«w Haven, Cooa. 

WEIR 3c L-YOINJ »5 rh*mb«r* Mtn«| 


Chaplin’s Patent Planes 

Cfirriif^atpd Face or aSmooUi Faro 
i het’korod ICiihbor llandloN or EnampUtd 
Wnod HiiimIIpn 



taal. Solid Taaglad Bol.ur. H.avp M. l F.rnl*. floUd haadl*.. 

V DMigB. 

He lore the trade mark CHAHPlOlf Is on eacb bled 

A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Interests. 

VOL. XX.-No. 1. \ 

Established 1881. j 

To Our 

Advertisers and Readers. 

the retirement from business, 
account of ill health, of our old- 
printer and publisher, we were 
^^liged to make new arrangements 
the publication of this Journal, 
issue appears in an entirely 


typographical garb, and with 
head-piece, which we hope our 
‘‘Laders will appreciate. From this 
^^*^0 on we propose to add new and 
*^loresting features to make The 
more and more attrac- 
and instructive in its technical 
trade union character. 



Francisco, Cal.- 
in this city are building up 
i^embership, and the prospects 



'^ory favorable for a good year in 

I ^ 

OcKpoRT, N. Y. — We are doing 

here. Have enrolled 

iJn* ^ carpenters in town in 

.^^ 9 * The few who have not 

will be with us shortly. 

*^^mbers are busy in the work 

p]^^^^''^^**sion to trade union princi- 

S ^ 

Cal.— The Car- 


'•AC work nine hours, 

^hose employed by Wm. P. 
'''ho voluntarily gave his 
hours about a month 
th^j. effort will soon be made to 
thi^ organize the carpenters ol 

'»u . 

— ^he prospects are 
the excellent increase in 

*^^*^hership of Union 123, 
as we have sufficient 
intend to start a movc- 
and **educe the hours of labor 
^ ^^^hy better the conditions of 


K ^ 

111.— All is well here. 
^^Penters’ Union promises to 
^ity^ Ihe leading Unions in the 
have a flourishing Trades 
Assembly, and seventeen 
We expect to fill every 


public office in the city next 
spring with union men. 

South Omaha, Neb. — The out- 
look is bright here. After an inter- 
view with Armour & Co., we were 
successful in getting the wages raised 
from 22 cents to 30 cents per 
hour. Union 279 is growing 
rapidly and steadily in membership. 

Danville, 111 . —Local Union 
269 is on the boom. We are 
receiving twelve and fifteen mem- 
bers every meeting night. We 
control several Union jobs at present. 
We have formed a Building Trades 
Council and hope to cope with all 
questions and complications that 
may arise. The prospects are 
bright for this year. Our members 
are all good workers. 


Seattle, Wash. — We are still 
increasing our membership. Thirty 
six so far this month. Send us 
more Carpenters. Our members 
all want it. Even those who are out 
of town desire the paper to be sent 
them. We have changed our place 
of meeting twice to accommodate our 
members. We do not anticipate 
any trouble about the new scale of 
wages that went into effect January 
I 9 t, as the contractors in the Builders’ 
Exchange are favorable to higher 
wages. This town is now more 
thoroughly unionized than in the 
palmy days of old 351 of which I 
was a member. 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. — “ When the 
devil was sick, the devil a saint would 
be, ” etc. And so it seems to have 
been with the firm of W. H. 
Shepperd & Sons of this place, in 
[line last, during the trouble in the 
Wyoming Valley, this firm was 
doing little or nothing, ignored 
the representatives of organized 
labor and took a stubborn stand 
against the local unions. 

Finally they secured a contract, 
and, in order to complete the job 
without trouble, they conceded to 
the demands of the Carpenters and 
Bricklayers. When the work was 
nearly completed they put their men 
on ten hours and told the unions 
that they would not recognize them 
in the future. 

Recently, they secured another 
expensive contract and are sending 
to Philadelphia and elsewhere for 

their men. They cannot get men 
from Philadelphia as we notice that 
that city is now thoroughly organ- 
ized. Warn all carpenters and other 
mechanics to stay away from Wilkes- 
Barre. We are determined to bring 
this firm to terms, and we will surely 

New Unions Chartered During 
the Past Month. 

376. Georgetowm, S. C. 

409. Erie, Pa 
426. Los Angles, Cal. 

430. Wilkinsburg, Pa. 

431. Brazil, Ind. 

432. Atlantic City, N. J. 

435. Chester, W. Va. 

436. New Albany, Ind. 

438. Brookline, Mass. 

441. Cambridge, Mass. 

443. Chelsea, Mass. 

445. Wagoner, Indian Ter. 

446. Carthage, N. Y. 

447. Portsmouth, V''a. 

450. Ogden, Utah. 

452. Sumter, S. C. 

454. Bessemer, Ala. 

455. Somerville, N. J. 

456. Danville, Va. 

458. Lawrence, Kas. 

459. Bar Harbor, Me. 

463 Frankford, Pa. 

465. Ardmore, Pa. 

466. Dunkirk, N. Y. 

469. Aiken, S. C. 

661. Ottawa, 111 . 

Making a grand total of 171 new 
unions chartered during the past 
ten months. 

St. Paul Carpenters’ Rousing 

Carpeners Union No. 87, St. Paul, 
Minn., opened up the new year 
with a rousing meeting on Tuesday 
2d inst. , there being upwards 
of 150 members present. A com- 
mittee of five, consisting of J. B. 
Morrison, E. M. Allen, John Jack- 
son, S. MePadden and C. E. Brown, 
was appointed to draft a new set of 
by-laws, the same to be submitted to 
the union at its next meeting. The 
newly elected officers were installed 
and delegates were appointed to 
represent the union in the Trades 
and Labor Assembly and also the 
Building Trades Council. Those 
appointed to the Trades and Labor 
Assembly were S. MePadden, Jos. 
Swanlund, Victor Anderson, B. 
Albachten, E. L. Blakesley, Gus. 
Elmquist, A. Erickson and Wm. 

I Fifty Cents per Year. 

( Single Copies, 5 Cents. 

Baldwing; while J. Morrison, T. J. 
Kavanaugh, and E. M. Allen were 
chosen as delegates to the Building 
Trades Council. Several applica- 
tions for membership were received 
and referred to the investigation 

The Eight-hour Day in Pittsburg. 

The building trades of Pittsburg 
nave decided to attempt the enforce- 
ment of the eight-hour law after 
April I. The workers to par- 
ticipate in the endeavor include the 
carpenters, plasterers, stonecutters, 
and masons, bricklayers, painters, 
paper hangers, electricians, plum- 
bers, tile-setters, sheet metal work- 
ers, stair-builders, hod-carriers, 
structural iron workers and interior 
decorators — fifteen trades in all. In 
Pittsburg and Alleghany, it is esti- 
mated these men will aggregrate 

Atlanta Carpenters and Joiners 

With splendid exercises, and 
before one of the largest gatherings 
of the laboring people ever held in 
Atlanta, Ga., the officers of the three 
local unions of the Carpenters and 
Joiners of America were installed 
on the evening of the 5th. The 
installation occured in the hall of the 
Federation of Trades on North 
Forsyth street. 

The exercises began at 7.30 
o'clock and consisted of speeches, 
recitations and vocal selections. 
I he spacious hall was filled, 500 
visitors at a conservative estimate, 
being present. 

The following programme was 
excellently rendered : 

W. J. Williams, master of cere- 


Address of welcome — Master 
Grady Hollingsworth. 

Chorus, “Columbia" the Audi- 

Address — Mayor James G. Wood- 

Installation of officers. 

Vocal solo — Professor McCardle. 

Presentation of gavel — C. M. 

Quartette — C. P. Hill, leader. 

Address — Organized Labor " — 
Jerome Jones. 

Literary selections — Mrs. Mar- 
garet Scott Hall. 

Address, “ On Organized Lines," 
— F. P. Rice. 

Selection — Miss Connie Layton. 

V^ocal solo — Miss Della Tucker. 

Address, “ Our National Union " 
Jerry Williams. 



Trade Movements for Better 


Tuxedo, N. Y. — We propose to 
make a demand for the eight-hour 
day and a standard wage of $2.75. 
The conditions are very favorable to 
the success of the movement which 
will be inaugurated on March ist. 


Geneva, N. Y. — The schedule 
adopted by Union 187 for the en- 
suing year from April ist has been 
signed by all the contractors in the 

Long Branch, N. J, — We have 
taken a stand for the eight-hour day 
beginning April ist. All the bosses 
have been notified, and we believe 
the demand will be conceded with- 
out any opposition. 

Montclair, N. J. — We will 
make a movement on April ist next 
for the eight-hour day and a standard 
scale of $2.75 per day. Union 429 
is in splendid shape and we believe 
we will be successful. 

Yonkers, N. Y. — At a joint 
meeting of Local Unions 273 and 
726, it was unanimously decided that 
on and after April ist, the minimum 
rate of wages shall be 41 cents per 
hour, the eight-hour day and half 
holiday on Saturday. 

Newark, N. J. — TheCarpenters of 
Newark have decided to make a de- 
mand for $3.00 per day on April ist. 
There is every reason to believe the 
movement will be a successful one. 

St. Louis, Mo. — The District 
Council has sent a request to the 
contractors that on and after April 
ist, 45 cents per hour shall be the 
minimum rate of wages. 

Danville, 111 . — The demands of 
No. 269 have been made, and these 
include 30 cents per hour and the 
eight-hour day, on and after March 
ist. The union spirit is strongly 
pervading Danville, and the success 
so far obtained by unity of effort is 
exceedingly encouraging. 

Terre Haute, Ind. — Local 
Union 205 has demanded that from 
March ist the minimum price per 
hour shall be 25 cents, and that the 
union be fully recognized. 

Peoria, 111 . — We are making 
arrangements for a movement for 
the eight-hour day on the ist of 
April. We expect to be successful 
without much trouble. A consider- 
able number of the leading con- 
tractors have manifested their 
sympathy with the movement and 
the members of Union 183 are 
greatly encouraged. 

Local Union No. 42 has notified 
the contractors that on and after April 
2d, $3. 25 per day shall be the rate of 
wages for Carpenters in the district 
of New Rochelle, Pelham, Larch- 
mont and Mamoraneck, N. Y. 

Anderson, Ind. — We are in com- 
munication with the contractors here 
and our memorial to them includes 
the eight-hour day and a minimum 
scale of 30 cents per hour. The 
majority of the employers are in favor 
of granting our demands from March 
ist, the date fixed upon by our 
Local Union 352. 

Cedar Rapids, la. — The car- 
penters of this city have decided to 
make a stand for the eight-hour day 
and minimum rate of $2.25 per day. 
The members of Local Union 308 
will make every effort to win. 

Cleveland, O. — The carpenters 
of this city have decided to make a 
stand for 35 cents per hour, and to 
maintain the eight-hour day. The 
Unions are all in a flourishing con- 
dition. The movement will be made 
early in the Spring. 

Oshkosh, Wis. — Local Union 
No. 252 has submitted to the 
Builders Exchange trade demands 
for the betterment of the condition 
of the carpenters. These include 
a minimum scale of wages of 25 
cents per hour, and nine hours to 
constitute a days work. The feeling 
towards our union by leading con- 
tractors is friendly. 

Kansas City, Mo. — A communi- 
cation has been directed to the Mas- 
ter Builders' Association containing 
the demand for the eight- hour day, 
a minimum wage fate of 37 cents 
per hour, that overtime be paid for 
at the rate of time and half, and that 
work on Sundays and holidays be 
paid for at the rate of double time. 
Union No. 4 is in excellent condition, 
and the prospects are bright for the 
success of the movement which will 
be made on April ist. 

New York, N. Y. — The pros- 
pects for gaining our demands on 
April ist are very encouraging. A 
majority of the good bosses are in 
favor of the movement, as it will 
check the rapid growth of new and 
incompetent contractors, who are a 
detriment to them as well as to our 

organization. This will be a busy 
season in the Bronx for all the build- 
ing trades, especially carpenters. The 
number of plans filed and approved by 
the Building Department for the week 
ending Dec. 23, was for 150 build- 
ings, at a total cost of *$841,000. 
The week following was just as large. 
This was for the Bronx alone, and 
broke all previous records. The de- 
mands of the Bronx Borough District 
Council include the eight-hour day, 
a minimum scale of $3.25 per day, 
and the Saturday half holiday. 

Lancaster, Pa. — The Contractors 
of this city have been notified by 
Local Union 208] that on and after 
April ist the nine-hour day shall be 
adopted, and the minium rate of 
wages shall be $2 per day. All 
work contracted for before January 
ist will be finished at the old rates. 

St. Paul, Minn. — Beginning on 
April ist, 30 cents per hour will be 
demanded, and the eight-hour day. 
All overtime to be paid for at the 
rate of time and half. The Secre- 
tary of Local Union 87 has notified 
all contractors. 

Racine, Wis. — We have de- 
manded that eight hours shall con- 
stitute a day’s work ; that the mini- 
mum scale of wages shall be 30 cents 
per hour, and several other provis- 
ions, all to go into effect on May ist. 
Local Union 91 has started the agi- 
tation and will keep it up until a sat- 
isfactory agreement has been con- 

Savannah, Ga. — All the bosses 
have been notified by Union 318 that 
on and after May ist, $2.00 per 
day and upward to $3.50, and nine 
hours to constitute a day’s work. 

Norfolk, Va. — At a regular 
meeting of Union 331, last week, a 
circular was sent to all the con- 
tractors intimating that on and after 
May ist a demand would be made 
for 30 cents, per hour, first-rate, and 
27 cents second-rate, nine-hour day, 
except Saturday, which shall be eight 

Denver, Col. — At a joint meeting 
of Local Union No. 55, and branc 
664 of the Amalgamated SoeW’ 
representing over 600 Union 
penters of Denver, it was decided b) 
unanimous vote that on and 
May ist the minimum wage 0 
journeymen carpenters shall be $ 3 *^ 
for eight hours work. Notice 


this effect has been sent to 
Builders and Contractors. 

Philadelphia, Pa. — The 
neymen carpenters of the Qtiak^^ 
City have sent to the Master Cat 
penters. Builders and Contractors^ 
request that on and after May ^ 
the hours of labor be reduced ^ 

eight per day, that wages 


increased to $3.00 per day, that 

overtime be paid for at the rate 
time and half, that all Sunday 

be paid for at the rate of dou 


Trenton, N. J. — A demand 
been made by Local Union 3 ^ 

minimum rate of wages of 3^ 

Newport, R. I. — A circular has 
been sent to all the boss carpenters 
and builders here requesting the 
eight-hour day and $2.50 as the 
daily wage. From the communi- 
cations received by Local Union 176,^ 
it seems that the prospects of gain- 
ing the demands are very favor- 


May ist. 

Paterson, N. J. — The men^ 


of Local Unions 325 and 49 ^- 

Dallas, Texas. — We are keeping 
pace with the times here. Local 
Union 198 ^ill demand The eight- 
hour day and $2.50 per day on and 
after May ist. 

erson and Passaic, have advise 
master carpenters of both . . 
that on and after May ist, the 
mum rate of wages shall be 35 



time, Sundays and legal 
included ; that all shops s. 
union shops ; that each 
be allowed an apprentice every 
years, and that the business 
allowed on all jobs during 
hours if he deems it necessary- 

The Bommer Spring 


per hour, the nine-hour day, 

hours on Saturday ; all overtin^^^ ^ 

be paid for at a minimum rate of 4 ^ 
cents per hour, except Sun / 

which must be paid for at the 
mum rate of 64 cents per n 
Notice has been served upon all t^^ 
contractors and will take eff^^^ 


per hour and eight hours p^r 
that all overtime be counted don 


. I 

Bovimer Spring Htng^^ , jj- 

awarded the highest medal 
ploma at the National Export 

sition at Philadelphia, Pa. ^ ^ 

The exhibit of planished 
hinges created much interest p^ 
larly the bronze plated, antiqo^ 
per and sand blast finishes on ac 
of the reasonable prices in 
with the beauty of finish and ' 

manship. . .j,jte«l 

Bommer Brothers also 

some fine samples of fully P^ 
steel hinges. 

The interior steel oonstru ^ 
which takes the wear and fn^ ^^cl^ 

their solid bronze hinges, 
admired and appreciated as 
their goods in solid bronze ^ 
able as steel. 




Inuring the month ending December 31, 1899. 

any errors appear notify the G. 8.-T. 


« o 
0 a 

M188 80 
~-^6 00 
I 14 65 

J'"122 80 

^48 55 

? 12 80 


Q 131 40 

.1 20 60 

J— 173 60 

~ 6 00 


47 65 

10 /» 20 


2.5 “4 35 

il' 29 80 

if 28 20 

131 — »96 15 

132 114 40 

13;l 7 68 

134 14 80 

135 23 40 

136 19 00 

137 7 20 

138 1 75 

139 26 80 

140 14 00 

142 41 87 

143 3 95 

144 27 70 

145 12 40 

146 1 00 

147- 33 40 

149 4 40 

150 9 40 

$22 40 389 — -$16 (M) 









420 10 00 

421 10 00 

422 10 00 

423 10 00 

424 5 60 

425 10 00 

1« 287 3 00 427 -64 10 

34 ‘'J 22' 161 18 2ui 288 19 20i 428 6 00 

35 if 8 40 289 50 00, 433 17 40 

36^ ..J 22' ^ »”! 2^^0 8 20' 431 5 60 

37. .“lOl 161- 10 OO 291 49 OOj 437 3 60 

i :?l 87 80| 292 2 20 439 6 90 

23 -20 ; 279 32 SO 

29.^ II !)2l 15 60 

^0 ftX' 1^ 

•^l--40 'H *1’’ 00 

55: 8 80 286 14 75 

?A 65' 160 1 



16 40 

- 9 20 
-12 40 
12 60 

1 00 

- 4 20 
•10 20 

7 90 
10 00 
6 90 
4 00 
3 50 
I 60 
10 00 
44 15 
10 00 
10 00 
43 80 

From the Unions, tax, etc. . . . 

. $10,671 28 

“ Advertisers 

208 51 

“ Subscribers 

2 00 

“ Miscellaneous 

4 25, 

** D. C. supplies 

5 00 

Balance, November 1 1899 . . 

12,883 77 


. $23,774 81 

Total expenses balance, December 1, 1899 . 

. $-20,445 79 


MBER, 1899. 

' 5 40' 166- 

16 20 
47 25 

2^ 168 12 Öd 

^2--17 Ü2 '-^6 70 

4 40 

44 J. p; 71 11 20 

^5— -3*j ?- !*■; 14 45 

46— n 09 

<7- — j? SI*; — 80 10 
51-.^ J 1'8- 6 60 

«2^5;; ü«! 79 19 78 

% ■" 75 


6oT~ ■< 00 

J^ob w 

181 — 108 00 






5 20l 440 19 00 

- 8 20 

- 3 40 
-32 46 

- 8 10 
-26 00 

442 3.00 


448 12 

449 26 10 

451 18 20 

457 50 80 

300 10 20 

301 30 60 460 3 10 

8(»2 27 85 1 46*2 10 ()0 

303 8 40 1 464 39 60 

304 18 35 467 9 20 

305 11 60: 468 27 00 

30r 6 75 471 42 70 

308 ^22 55 1 473 42 40 

309 — 213 00 ! 474 4 00 

, , 310 7 20| 476 74 60 

182 7 60 311 5 OOj 478 64 40 

83 11 60 312 15 lO! 48'J 20 85 

14 95l 313 22 10| 483 71 

186 8 60j 315 8 90| 486 22 

187 7 30! 316 5 20' 490 41 

\a^ 1^ 75, 317 15 40: m 31 60 

fi.— ‘39 90 5? ^ 75 318 27 80^ 495 1 00 

5^^ 17 70! 3*20 7 00; 497 41 20 

12 96l 321 12 (M): 499 5 80 

? ]?? -1 20! 322 27 201 507 8 60 

5^ nn 2 25' 323 3 80 509 48 75 

70 66, 161 7 00 1 324 15 25| 513 76 55 

71^ — 8mI 195^ 4 (3„| 327 2 80; 

8 30' 3‘29 7 2t> 

35 40; 330 6 20 

I>? ?*6 32 (H)i 331 65 (Ml 

'7^20 fu “9 65 1 332 8 20 

ot o?“* 8 20 3.34 4 J)0| DO-*- 

?? ,^65 7 00 335 3 80 1 507- 

«Cr‘-^7 15 
8 60 
K(^14 C . 

InZ:: ? 70 

8^.5 60 

00^27 35 

*J2^ 27 20 
93^26 55 

5t^88 20 

oCri® 65 


08...^ 4 60 

idOvJ]' 2 no 
lOl!!^ 7 80 

•38 (H) 

521 25 26 

ry22 15 40 

556 44 55 

534 4 20 

547 67 *20 

.5.54 59 95 

4 6O; 564 18 80 

•29 10 

Printing 1,000 stamped envelopes 

“ 500 postals 

“ 1,000 clearances .... 

“ 50 Treasurer’s cash books 

50-200 page Day Books 
“ 60-200 page Ledgers . 

“ 28,760 copies Nov. Cakpe 

Expres.snge on Carpenter . 

Postage on November Carpenter 
S pecial writers for Carpenter 
E ngravings for Carpenter . . 


Expressage cn supplies .... 

500 postals 

I, 000 stamped envelopes . . . 

Postage on supplies 

Office rent for November . . . 

Salary and clerk hire 

Tax to A. F. of L. (Oct.) . . . 

Rubber seals and daters .... 

2iSSL^ Union 94, Prov., R. I., organizing 
12 15^ Frank Duffy, “ 

O. R. Moore, “ 

J. A. Shaw, “ 

T. H. Blakemore, “ 

J. F. Grimes, “ 

Union 134, Montreal, organizing 
J. T. Cosgrove, “ 

James Conroy, “ 

I). C. Cincinnati, O., “ 

D. C. Philadelphia, Pa., “ 

Geo. D. Gaillard, “ 

A. C. Cattermull “ 


Williams, “ 

P. J. McGuire, travelling expenses 
Union 52, Charleston, S. C., donation 

New York strike .... 

1). C., Chicago, for strike purposes 
Philadelphia Toilet Company . . 
Incidentals and stationery . . . 





























Total expenses 

. $:*.,329 02 

206 on 75; m 4 45 1 568 6 40 

.... ^ 

339 32 80 584 52 OQ 

340 181 80 1 .588 18 00 

343 12 00 591 7 80 

-28 50 

:^67 20 50 

20« iQ yo 

209 J8 60 

210 9 00 

71 (8)1 344- 

3 20 592- 


From the Unions, tax, etc $10, ’273 ^24 

“ Advertisers 181 12 

“ Subscribers 4 00 

“ Miscellaneous 2 22 

“ Clearances 2 60 

“ D. C. supplies 1 50 

“ Allowance in Scranton strike pay . 2,850 00 

Balance, December 1, 1899 ‘20,445 79 

Total $:i3,760 

Total expenses 13,512 


21‘2 14 70 345 8 io| 593 22 40 

213 3 00 346 4 20 599 12 75 

‘}4 9 20I 347 11 00 603 8 00 

215 17 80| 348 20 40 605 4 20 

216 8 20; 349 -15 20 606 7 20 

217 16 5ol 350 3 20 611 9 20 

2 S 14 60 1 t451 14 20 612 7 25 

219 19 05 a52 13 401 616 7 60 

2a1- 8 8O' 3.53 15 40 617 7 80 

Ml SI ™ ■"‘"""Jf '■ 

223 14 15 856 5 20 

2-4- 14 80 357 9 00 

223 19 jio 358 3 80 

359 30 90 

228 15 OOi 361 36 00 __ . 

229 6 45 362 17 40 658 8 40 

230- 7 8o| 363 7 80' 659 16 00 

!K) yitill ^ 
0.O « “0 

[09^13 (»0 

lolir'Ol g5 

111 '‘•1)9 9(1 

!i 2 ::r ?7 

iC ?7 90 


l 5 u::,«, 4 op-czi;;;S 

a . 2' 93 

y — ** **9 






i 20 

- 7 40 

- 8 20 
-23 40 

- 3 80 

- 4 00 
-19 55 

$20,247 06 







12 00 
10 10 
7 10 

3 80 

4 80 

238 15 40 

239- 24 60 

:i64 9 *20 667 

365 19 60 676 

366 9 20! 678 

367 11 80 

368 1 00 

3. 9 34 65 

371 2 00 

372 5 00 

242 18 20 1 37' 7 60 

243 2 80 

245 ^lu 40 


10 76 


374 22 80 

375 — 156 20 

377 50 

378 5 00 

379 8 20; 7-23 

380 2 45 726 

381 ‘21 40 731 8 10 

.382 66 80' 746 5 40 

a83 7 00' 750 ‘27 90 

381 24 00 1 757 2 00 

385 5 401 785 3 80 

386 4 00! 786 3 80 

388 3 0»), 

. $10,273 24 

trade unionism movement 
^ ^^d for the great principle of 
^^^^ating minor interests for the 
^f all.” — Bishop Potter^ of 




Printing 15,000 Members cards .... 

“ 10,000 letter heads (tabbed) . 

“ 1,000 stamped envelopes . . . 

“ 1,000 postals (S’ kinds) .... 

“ 100 F. S. rec. books . . . . i 

“ 61-300 page ledgers . . 

“ 100 Treas. rec. books / . . . 

'* too Sec. order books 

“ 1 ,000 blank bonds 

700 quarterly circulars . . . 

.30,000 copies Dec. Carpenter 
“ 80-100 page day books .... 

“ 50-200 page day books ... 

“ 10-100 i>age ledgers 

“ 10-200 page ledgers 

“ 21 Treas. cash books 

ream wrapping paper 8 


Postage on December Carpenter ... 4.5 

George Chance, printing 34 

Geo. W. Gibbons, printing g 

Special writers for Carpenter 19 

Engravings for Carpenter 39 

Telegrams • jg 

Expressage on supplies 61 

500 postals 5 

1,000 stamped envelopes, 500 postals . . 26 

Postage on supplies 29 

Office rent for December 59 

Salary and cierk.hire 428 

Tax to A. F. of L. (Nov.) 66 
















Rubber seals and daters 6 00 

('Ihas. Moritz (adv, com. ) jftO 50 

644 Brotherhood pins 128 80 

S. J. Kent, delegate A, F. of L 133 30 

O. E. Woodbury, delegate A. F. of L. . 66 50 

P. J. McGuire, delegate A. F. ol L. . . . 57 00 

W. I). Huber, Gen. Pres., expense.s ... 5414 

A. C. Cattermull, organizing 112 68 

F. C.jWeise, “ 3 40 

Geo. Beckler, “ 5 00 

Geo. Chance, “ 16 00 

D. C., Philadelphia “ 50 00 

Geo. D. Gaillard, “ ]62 52 

W. J. Shields, “ 118 70 

‘W. J. Willi am.s, “ i4i 9.5 

J. Dickens, services 260 00 

T. J. Flemming, services 11 85 

D. D. Martz, services 13 30 

Philadelphia Toilet Company 60 

Stationery 1 42 

Benefits Nos. 4760 ip 4832 10,223 .50 

Total expenses $13,512 81 

Claims Paid in December, 1899. 






Chas. Yard 

$100 00* 


Fred. E. Hartmann . . . 

. 5 

200 00 

4762 , 

Mrs. Antonio Huff . . . 

. 10 

.50 00 . 


Mrs. Addie Clifford . . 

. 11 

50 00 


Otto Stacer ....... 

200 00 


Frederick Heine .... 

•200 00 


Robert Herbst 

200 00 


William Davis 

200 00 


John Bachl 

200 00 


Mrs. Elzadie Langley . . 

. 55 

50 00 


Carl Loiidcrholm .... 

. 58 

200 0 ) 1 


Jos. Becker 

50 00 


W. H. McCarthy .... 

. 73 

• 200 00 


Jos. Lcsperance ... 

. 78 

100 00 


Louis Bolscho 

200 00 


Julius S. Johnson . . . 

200 00 


Fred. Brenner 

. 103 

50 00 


Mrs. Annie Kincella . . 

. 109 

.50 00 


Mr*. Margt. MacDonaUl . 

. 109 

50 00 


Bernard Cumaskey . . . 

. 119 

200 00 


John McMullen . . , . 

200 00 


Mrs. Marv Moss .... 

50 00 


William Buochter . . . 

. 148 

200 00. 


John Wageman .... 

. 148 

200 Oo’ 


John Ebcrliart 

20o OO 


Henry Edelmann . . . 

. 176 

200 00 


Mrs. Mary N. Dalziol . . 

. 175 

25 00 


Rudolph Lemmel .... 

200 00 


Franz Klingen berg . , . 

. 207 

50 00 


William Straub (di.s.) . . 

. 214 

400 00 


Josiah J. Eaton 

. 223 

50 00 


Mrs. Margaret Robinson 

. 224 

50 00 


Adam Moser 

. 2:W 

200 00 


Harrison Arner .... 

200 00 


Herman Headbiirg . . . 

. 258 

200 00 


Mrs. Sarah J, Patte(* . . 

. 2S1 

50 00 


Frank E. Miller . . . . 

. 281 

•200 00 


Chas. E. Webster .... 

. 281 

50 00 


Mrs. W. F. Dean . . . . 

. 286 

.50 00 


Sarah C. DeNoyelles . . 

. 301 

50 00 


Patrick McKenna . . . 

50 00 


Edward Scharf 

200 00 


Frank Wolilitka . . . . 

50 00 


Mrs. C. L. Robertson . . 

. 309 

.50 00 


Mrs. Mahal a S. Goodman . 332 

50 00 


Chas. WlllianiH 

200 00 


Constantine Haas . . . 

. 375 

123 .50 


Mrs. Margaret Back hind 

. 375 

50 00 


Theresa Schreiber . . . 

. 375 

,50 00 


Patrick Burns (di<.) . . 

. .3.S1 

400 00 


James Taylor .... 

. 382 

200 00 


Oscar F. Zimmerman . . 

. 406 

200 00 


Carl Klapper 

.50 00’ 


Owen G. Jones 

200 00 


Christian Green wald . . 

. 416 

200 00. 


Mrs. Paulina Kamin . . 

. 419 

.50 00, 


George Est el 

200 00 


Patrick W^allnce . . . . 

200 00 


Mrs. S. F. Miller . . . . 

50 00 


Mrs. Mary A. Winters 

. 4.53 

25 00 


Ferdinand Waitwood . . 


200 00 


Mrs. Anna B. Henry . . 

. 473 

50 00 


Mrs. Anna E. Graf . . 

. 476 

60 00 


Theodore T. Teots . . . 

- 476 

50 00 


Harry Hageman (dis.) . 

. 483 

100 00 


Mrs. Rosie Mail 

. 493 

50 00 


Chas. Weller 

•200 00 


James P. Swan (dis.) 

. 50t) 

100 00 


Peter lUahel 

200 00- 


Mrs. Victoria Mat re . . 

. 7o:i 

50 00 


Nicholas Lohman . . , 


200 00 


William S. Gtindaker . . 

. 750 

200 00 


$10,223 .50 

The Labor World, which is the 
name of the’ official organ of organ- 
ized labor in Japan and which is 
published at Tokio, is authority for 
the statement that a general strike 
on the Japan Railway Company’s 
lines is one of the possibilities in 
the very near future. 

Local Union 246, Beaver P'alls, 
Pa., has expelled J. W. Harbison for 
taking the place of one of the con- 
ductors during the recent strike on 
the Reaver Valley street car lines. 

At the last meeting of Local 
Union 123, lola, Kansas, charges 
were preferred against L. W. Budd, 
and he was expelled for misappropri- 
ating funds of the Union. He left 
for Kansas City, Mo. 

George M. Green has been ex- 
pelled by union 313, Columbus, (ia., 
fur violation of section 122 of the 

Places Where Work is Dull. 

Owing to local trade movements, 
suspension of building operations and 
other causes, carpenters and joiners 
are requested to stay away from the 
following places : 

Birmingham, Alabama ; Colorado 
Springs, Col. ; Cripple Creek, Col. ; 
Denver, Col. ; Victor, Col. ; Bloom- 
ington, 111. ; Cantpn, 111. ; Lincoln, 
111. ; Alpena, Mich. ; Minneapolis, 
Minn. ; Kansas City, Mo. ; St. Louis 
Mo. ; Butte, Mont. ; Helena, Mont. ; 
Omaha, Neb. ; New Orange, N. J. ; 
Buffalo, N. Y. ; Oklahoma City, O. T. ; 
Scranton, Pa. ; Taylor, Pa. ; Seattle, 
Wash.; Cleburne, Tex. ; Los Angeles, 
Cal. ; Asheville, N. C. ; Cedar Rap- 
ids, la. ; Charleston, S. C. ; Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa. ; Savannah, Ga; Corsi- 
cana, Texas. 

Do not be deceived by advertise- 
ments in the Eastern or Western 

Buffalo Builders Increase Wages. 

At a meeting of the Carpenter 
Contractors’ Association last week 
in the Builders’ Exchange, Buffalo, 
N. Y., it was decided to increase the 
wages of carpenters and joiners after 
April ist next. The wages of car- 
penters will be increased from 
.twenty cents an hour to twenty-five 
cents, and the wages of the joiners 
will be increased from twenty-two 
and twenty-five cents an hour to 
thirty cents an hour. 

It was also decided to pay car- 
penters and joiners time and a half 
for overtime work, that a day’s 
work shall consist of eight hours and 
Sundays shall be reckoned as double 


aseful to all mechanics, carpenters espe- 
cially, and being very small, can be earned 
in the vest pocket Cut is two-thirds act- 
ual size. Ask your hardware dealer for it 
and see that it bears the stamp of F. Brals 
& Co. For further information address 

F. BRAIS & 00« 

366 Kirtiand Street Cleveland, Okie. 

Prioa - - - 26 Cants 


The Carpenter. 


The Principles of Geometry and 
Their Application in Hand- 
rail Construction. 



I S STATED in our last 
article, our subject this 
month will be the un- 
folding of sections of 
prisms, or blocks, having obtuse and 
acute, angle bases. 

The portion below of Fig. 36 
is a plan of a block having an obtuse 
angle between the tangents ; as 
shown at a, b, c, the curve is struck 
from point o, and may be considered 
as a center line of a curved handrail 
and less than a quarter circle. 

To find the minor axis draw a 
line from center 0, on plan; parallel to 
the level tangent c, b of the plan; cut- 
ting x,y in d, on d, raise a perpendic- 
ular line cutting the pitch line of tan- 
gent b, a* in d' ; again from o, draw a 
perpendicular line to x,y indefinitely ; 
as shown through a, a'; from d! , on 
the pitch line, and parallel to .r, y; 
draw d\f; intersecting the line o, a, 
a\\nf; from f, and square to the pitch 
lineö^', a\ b; draw/", o* makea^'. o' the 
.same length as d, 0 of the plan; con- 
nect 0, c" and o' , d' thus completing 
the section c", b, d' , o'. The line d\ o' 
will be the minor axis, and the line 
o', d' the major axis. 

To find the bevels to square the 
wreath, take point/*, as centre, extend 
the dividers to the pitch line as 
shown by the dotted line /, w; take 
this for the altitude of a triangle, and 
the line o, a of the plan for the base, 
as shown at x; for the other bevel 
take f, a for altitude and the same 
line as before for base as shown at z. 
The bevels will be fully explained in 
our next article. 

Fig. 37 is a perspective view of the 

The tangent a, b, is inclined as 
shown ?i\.b^a \ to conform with the 
pitch of the stairway, or flight con- 
necting with the curve. 

The tangent b, c, will be level so 
that the rail may connect at right 
angle with the newel placed at c. 

This kind of problem is common 
in practice where the outside string 
is curved out, at the starting of a 
stairway ; and the rail ramped, to 
connect level with the newel. To 
unfold the section proceed by draw- 
ing the dotted line c ,d , perpendicular 
to the ground line x,y ; and the 
dotted line d^c" , at right angle to 
the pitch line a' , b \ now from b, as a 
centre, with the length of the level 
tangent b, c, turn over as shown by 
the dotted arc c, w, c" ; cutting the 
dotted line c" , in c" : connect c" . b. 
We have now transferred the tan- 
gents b, and b, c, of the plan to the 
elevation : as at a' , b and b, d' \ and 
also found the angle a', b, ^"»between 
^ the tangents of the section. 

/, d square to the pitch line a\ b\ 
connect a! , o' and d! , the line d! , o' 
will be the minor axis and the line 
o' , d' will be the major axis. To 
draw the curve of the centre line of 
the rail on the section, take any 
point 8 , on the curve of the plan; 
draw 8 , h parallel to the level tangent 
c, b\on h, raise a perpendicular line, 
cutting the pitch line in h' , from this 
last point, draw the line h! , i' equal 
in length to 8 , h on plan and parallel 
to the tangent b, c " ; we thus find 
point f, which is a point in the curve 
of the centre line of rail on the sec- 
tion, draw a curve through c" , i, a! 
and the centre line of the rail is 

r fiG.37 

In Figs. 40 and 41 t«o 

same form of blocks as'" 

tangents inclining; • . .-„clifl**^ 

Figs. 38and39,'vhereone.^> 
and the other level. be* 

Fig. 40 has an fpd 

tween the tangents on p 
curve of the rail containing e 
portion of a circle ^ ** 

The plan of the block 
o, a, b,c, below 

ter and b. c as radius. r. 

shown to F, onA', 
connect also o, these 
be parallel. Letn. be the h^. ^0.'' 
rail is to stand above i grail* 
nect ß', d, for the pitch o ^ jj,iv 
more correctly the pi^^ 

c FIG. 36. 

block; all lines and letters corres- 
ponding to the lines and letters of 

Fig* 36. 

In Fig. 38 we have a block, the 
base of which has an acute angle 
between the tangents a, b and b, c; 
the curve of the centre line of the 
rail greater than a quarter circle; 
the tangent a, b inclined, and the 
tangent b, c level. To unfold the 
section proceed as in the previous 
figure by drawing the dotted line 
c, d perpendicular to x, y, and the 
dotted line^, d' perpendicjular to the 
inclined tangent b, a') make b, c" 
equal to b, c of the plan; thus trans- 
ferring the level tangent b, c to the 
section, and at the same time form- 
ing the correct angle between the 
tangents of the section, as at a', b, c" . 
To find the minor axis draw the line 
o, d on plan parallel to the level 
tangent c, b\ raise the perpendicular 
line d, d" ^ cutting the pitch line a', b 
in d' \ from d' draw d! , f, parallel to 
the ground line x, y; from f, draw 

To show more clearly how Fig. 38 
is applied to handrail construction 
we refer to Fig. 39 which contains a 
plan, elevation, face mould and fall- 
ing mould of a handrail curving out 
at the bottom of a stairway, contain - 
ing 3 steps in the curved portion. 

All the difference in the section of 
the two figures is in the position of 
the ground line.r,j/ which in Fig. 39 
is raised from the floor line the 
height of two steps. A careful com- 
parison of the two figures will suf- 
fice to explain Fig. 39. 



gents; raise the in ,i,< 

b, b’, cutting the pitch 1 ^ 

The tangent d , 

transfer the tangc 

section toil cliioxv,. - , 

the section; 
line as centre, with t 
tangent b' ^ d , turn over jn 

d', cutting the dotted ^^5 P 
This dotted 
viously explained, is ma 
the pitch line of tangents; 
d, which is the tangent j 
ferred to the section, 
d, d, d' is the angle ^ 



'■■»"gents of the section. To find the b' ; from /, as centre draw the semi- 

'"'"w axis draw the line b' , o' parallel circle touching the line a, b' , and the 

‘he line /, c" ; and make it the tangent a', b' , as shown; the bevels 

Sees & 


J"® length as b, o, on plan. On the thus found are shown atza, and 
'^draw the circle /, at a dis- and both are equal, showing that 
""e from equal to o-/, on only one bevel is required where the 


2008-2010 North Front Street, 

^^^^“^Phlladelphia, Pa. 

The Most Complete Stock of Tools Up-town 

Genuine Rogers’ Triple Plate Spoons, Knives and Forks, Carving 
Knives and Forks, Razors, Scissors, Pocket Knives, Ice Skates, Sleds, 
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Roasting Pans, Mrs. Potts’ Irons, Coal, Gas and Oil Heating Stoves. 

The Cause of Freedom. 

If this be treason— to speak out 
To save the land I love from shame, 

To doubly hate a wrong that seeks 
Alliance with her honored name, 

To point the timely cure, ere yet 
The insidious poison does its work— 

God make me worthy of the word 1 
Traitor I stand, with Edmund Burke ! 

If this be folly— to unsheathe 
A stainless sword in Freedom’s fight. 

That men of alien birth and blood 
May grasp their own God given right; 

To count that good for others gained. 

Rich payment of the bloody debt, 

Nor seek to garner selfish fruits — 

Count me a fool,'withiLafayette! 

If this be cowardice— to dread 
The lust of conquest, greed of power, 

The road the drunken empires old 
Keeled downward to their fatal hour; 

To fear to quit, for foreign strife, 

The nobler work so well begun, 

The paths where peace and honor Join— 

A coward, I, with Washington ! 

0, Nation I nurtured in the lap 
Of Liberty, her sacred cause 
Make still thine own— the sovereign sway 
Of free born man, ’neath equal laws. 

Dash not the downtrod million’s hope ; 

Cheat not the waiting centuries’ trust— 

One people bolding faith in Man, 

One State too great to be unjust I 

For Freedom know s no here nor there — 

Her life is one in every part ; 

And tyrant stab, wherever dealt. 

Must reach, or soon or late, her heart 
Carlisle, Pa. — W. A. Ecekls. 

Trade Unions. 

Foster education and uproot 

Don't wait until to-morrow ; to- 
morrow never comes. 

Don't wait for someone else to 
start ; start it yourself. 

Don't hearken to the indifferent ; 
wake them up. 

Don't think it impossible ; one 
million organized workers prove 

Don't weaken ; persistence wins. 

The Labor Press. 

President Gompers of the Ameri- 
can Federation of Labor said in his 
annual address to the nineteenth an- 
nual session of that body at Detroit ; 
“ One of the methods by which we 
endeavor to accomplish the purposes 
of our movement is to aid and en- 
courage the labor papers. The ex- 
tension and efficiency of the labor 
press of America is an exellent bar- 
ometer of the marvelous strides 
which have been made. The few 
struggling labor papers in the early 
days of the trade union movement 
helped to pave the way. To-day we 
have official trade papers and maga- 
zines appearing monthly, and some 
weekly, of a most creditable char- 
acter. There are but few of our 
national or international unions 
which do not publish an official 
journal or magazine, endowed with 


t>evels draw the line b\ 
to a:, from//, with the 

tangents are equally inclined and of 
the same length. 

The explanation given for this 
ficure will suffice for Fig. 4‘ 
principle of unfolding the section 
being the same. 

Origin of the Postal Card. 

In i860, while Professor Emanuel 
Herrman of Vienna was seeking a 
vast amount of information by cor- 
respondence for his notable book, 
“The Guide to the Study 
tional Economy,” the thought oc- 
curred to him that many advantages 
would result from the adoption of a 
means of correspondence cheaper 
than the sealed letter. 

On January 26 he 

Austrian post ‘3^": 

gestion was almost 
adopted. Within a month the Aus 
trian postal authorities printed and 
iold Xo 000 postal cards and thus 

estilished this indispensable means 
of communication. 

Shorten hours and lengthen life. 

Raise wages and lower usury. 

’ Increase independence and de- 
crease dependence. 

Develop manhood and balk 

Establish fraternity and discourage 

Reduce prejudice and induce 

Enlarge society and eliminate 

Create rights and abolish wrongs. 

Lighten toil and brighten man. 

Cheer the home and fireside and 
Make the World Better 

All wage-workers should be union 
men. Their progress is limited only 
by those who hold aloof. Get to- 
gether, agitate, educate and do. 

vast trade and technical information 
and rich in literary merit. These, 
supplemented by the general labor 
papers issued by local central bodies 
or through private enterprises to 
espouse the cause of labor in their 
respective localities, reflecting the 
sentiment of the organized labor 
movement in their respective centers, 
each vieing with the other to do yeo- 
man's service for the unification of 
the labor forces of the country, aid 
very largely, by every means within 
their power in crystallizing public 
opinion, so that by peaceful and 
legal methods the interests of all 
organized labor, and hence of all the 
people may be advanced." 

Trouble In Clock Works 
The Big Hand — "Say, it’s 


o'clock. I’m all run down. ” 

The Little Hand — “Let’s strike 
for shorter hours .” — New York 




Bevels, Splays and Hopper 
Cuts— VIII. 


far as splayed joints and 
heads are concerned, par- 
ticularly heads of double 
curvature, the subject has 
been pretty well discussed, 
sufficient, I think, to meet the wants 
of ordinary requirements. True, 
there are some instances that may 
arise that will require a somewhat 
different treatment, and of a more 
complicated character than any 
method I have presented, and be- 
fore completing this series of papers, 

I may have occasion to deal with 
one or more of the more difficult 

It may be as well to state at this 
point that the examples given for 
obtaining the splays for double 
curvature will apply, with slight 
variations, for work formed by 
double ellipsis, if elliptical curves be 
employed instead of circular ones. 
The workman will at once see how 
the bevels and splays for a double 
ellipse may be obtained, after once 
grasping the principle of forming 
work for double curvatures. 

In dealing with hoppers all the 
rules given were for hoppers having 
mitred corners, and having no blocks 
or reinforcing pieces in the corners. 

In the illustration shown at Fig. 
54, I present a method where the 
corners of the hopper form a butt 
joint, in which it will be seen that 
there is quite a difference from the 
method employed in obtaining the 
lines for a mitred joint. Construct 
a right angle as at A, B, C, Fig. 54, 
continue A, B, past K. From K, B^ 
make the inclination of the sides of 
the hopper, 2, 3 ; the cuts on the 
surface of these sides are found by 
the same principle as those for 
mitre joints previously shown in 
these papers . 

Draw 3, 4, at right angles with 3, 

2 ; take 3 as a centre, and strike an 
arc touching the lower line, cutting 
in 4. Draw from 4, cutting the mitre 
line in 5 ; from 5 square draw a line 
cutting in 6, join it and B ; this 
gives bevel W, as the direction of 
cut on the surface of sides. To 
find the butt joint, take every two 
points. A, C, on the right angle, 
equally distant from B, make the 
angle B, K, L equal that of 3 K, L, 
shown on the left ; from B draw 
through point- L ; now take C, as 
a centre, and strike an arc touching 
line B, L. From A, draw a line 
touching the arc at H, and cutting 
the extended line through B in N, 
thus fixing N, as a point Then by 
drawing from C, through N, we get 
the bevel X, for the butt joint. Joints 
on the ends of timbers running hori- 
zontally in tapered framed structures, 
when the plane is square, and the 
inclinations equal, may be found by 
this method, 

The barking of a hip -rafter may 
also be obtained *by this method as 
shown at J, when the pitch line is 
used as at 2, 3, which would be the 
inclination of the roof. 

The solution just rendered, is in- 
tended only for hoppers having 
right angles and equal pitches or 
splays, but hoppers having acute or 

bevel W, for direction of cut on the 
surface of inclined sides. 

The bevel for a butt joint is found 
by drawing C, 8, square with A, B ; 
make the angle 8 K, L, equal that 
of 3 K, L, shown on the left. Draw 
from 8, through point L ; take C, as 
a centre, and strike an arc touching 
th^ line 8 L ; draw from A, touching 

obtuse angles, must be treated in a 
slightly different way. 

Let us suppose a butt joint for a 
hopper having an acute angle such 
as shown at A, B, C, Fig. 55, and 
with an inclination as shown at 2, 3, 
take any two points, A, C, equally 

the arc at D, cutting the line from P, 
in D, making it a point, then by 
drawing from C, through D, we get 
the bevel X, for the butt joint. 

As stated regarding the pre- 
vious illustration, the barking for 
a hip in a roof having the pitch 


distant from B. Join A, C, bisect this 
line in P, draw through P, indefin- 
itely. Find a bevel for the side cut 
by drawing 3, 4, square with 2, 3 ; 
take 3 as a centre, and strike an arc 
touching the lower line cutting in 4; 
draw from 4, cutting the mitre line 
in 5, and from it square draw a line 
cutting in 6. Join 6, B, this gives 

as shown at 2, 3, may be found 
at the bevel J. The same rule 
also applies to end joints on timbers 
placed in a horizontal double inclined 
frame, having an acute angle same 
as described. 

By putting this and that together, 
the student can get a good insight 
into the principles that are involved 

in framing pyramidal 
a large field will be open^ 

for instructive investigation. 

Having described the met 10 
finding the butt joints in rig ^ 
and acute-angled hoppers, it ' 
proper now to define a per 

describing an obtuse-angle 
having butt joints. 

f i-Up sie^ 

Let the inclination 01 
of the hopper be ^^^ibite^ 
the line 2, 3,, and the ang e ^ 
obtuse corner of the hopper a 

C, then to find the „„t 


two points. A, 

from B, join these points, ^ ^ 

the line at P. Draw through ’ 
B, indefinitely. At any 

B, indefinitely. jj,,e 

below the side A, B, draw 

2, 6; make 3, 4 - re, de- 

clination. From 3, us 

J. 1 v-/**.» ,.7» , Pl* 1 

scribe an arc touching the o 

and cutting in 4, from 4> ii 

line in • - 


square down a line cutting ' 

square uuwii ci iw*'- — - . 

6, B, and we get the beve 
cut on surface sides. 

Tlie bevel for the ^gre«“" 
found by drawing C, D. q ](, 

luunu uy —7 , 

B, A, and .making the ang 

L, equal to that of 3> ^ ^ gtrik® 



left. From C, as a centre ^ 

arc touching the line I 
from A, draw a hue 
arc H. This line having cu 
P, in N, fixes N, as a poiu » 
by drawing from C, |gbe'’^' 

angle is determined in '' 

X, for the butt joint 

The student will see the 


)f having a correct au . 50, 

nethod for obtaining t los 
f he will imagine 
nches wide and two iu^ ^ 
iurface on the line ^ 
joth surface and edgo j to 

iciually and alike, it is 
:ut the horizontal rails so jn- 

)hall properly butt aguu 
erior surface of the 

laving a screws th6 s> 
vill show how the 
lone either for a h<^PP^^ _ oU ^ 

)yramid, whether 
iquare base or on u ^ ^only> 
Lcute and obtuse angl^- 
ingle must be treated sep 
ler the methods givoi’ 

'oing examples. 

The principles shown 
^ether with the metho 



ig. 12, September num 

Carpenter, wdll appiy j.jptin^ .j 

r JC.XN 1 ruxv, * J 

ig certainty to every 
iclined framing if . . jn 
exercise a little 
to rules to suit the P 

As a matter of 

As a matter r gjciHg m 
:udent try his 



H aying the card-board out. The 
th^ represents the direction of 
niitre joint on the plane, and 
’ the inclination of the sides. 

Why Eight Hours ? 

Because : — 

Under the present long-hour day 
many are unemployed, and the man 


is made right here in Philadelphia and is used 
everywhere by wise people. It is 

and it is the best furnace because it gives more 
heat to the square inch than any other furnace 
made. Its unique 
construction renders 
this possible. 

Hints about Heating” 
will interest and help you. 

It is FrkB. 



is also made in Phila- 
delphia. It is 
made in seven sizes and every conceivable style. It 
has been known to Philadelphia housekeepers for the 
past 30 years as the very best range. 

The MAGiC ” range fills the bill for a small, com- 
pact, inexpensive range. Full description sent free 
upon request. 

ISAAC A. SHEPPARD & CO., makers 

1801 iTorth Fourth Street Philadelphia 


t 3ia Pearl St. | \ ai W. Fayette St. 


‘he card-board be cut in the on the street fixes the wages paid to 
^ shown ; then the sides and the man at work. 

raised to their proper The price of labor is regulated by ' 
brought together, the the supply. Eight hours would ; 
<^el will be complete. reduce the supply. 

Fig. 57. 

X noticed that the bevel 

direction of cuts on the 

of the card-board. 

j Eig. 58. 

^^^dell ^ ^^^^^oing, I have followed 
M ^ban Nicholson, 

^ in^r Monkton; because 

^o the opinion that 
bett^ applications 

united to the American 
the long drawn , and 
ones of the older 
presented in New- 
^ ^ ^re written «over the 
Ordinary working mortals. 

^ conHmied.) 


Labor-saving macliinery has in- I 
creased the producing capacity of 
workmen, who in justice, should be 
afforded more leisure. 

The eight-hour day would increase 
the longevity of the workers. 

It would give greater opportunity 
for social and educational develop- 

It would raise the standard of 
living, upon which business pros- 
perity depends. ! 

It would give men a chance to | 
get acquainted with their families. j 

It would promote temperance by | 
removing the desire for stimulants | 
which comes from long hours of 

labor. . . • ; 

It would make better citizens by j 
giving the citizens more time to ; 
understand his duties. 

It would help the taxpayer by ^ 
putting the tramp at work. ; 

■ It would promote an mdependant 
spirit, which is lacking in overworked | 

It would build up trade unions, ■ 

and concentrated effort is the law 
of success in the militant world of 

It would open up the road to 
every desirable social reform. 

E. E. BROWN & CO. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Why use inferior Sash Weights when our goods can be obtained from 
any good Hardware Dealer ? We claim for our goods, 



Special Weights Made as Ordered 

We respectfully ask that our goods be specified 





Joseph G. Taite’s Sons 

S. E. dor. 12th and Fitzwater Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. 

The above firm is the successor of the old firms of Arthur, Burnham & 
Gilroy, Chas. Burnham & Co., and Burnham, Taite & Son, who were located for 

over 30 years at the N. E. Cor. of loth and Sansom 
Streets. The firsUnamed was the ORIGIN A TOR 
and PATENTEE of the Patent Excelsior 
Weather Strip ^ the first weather strip placed on 
the market, and the present firm still manufac- 
tures it in a greater variety of Woods and of the 
Best Rubber Packing. 

They carry in stock — Ash, Imitation Walnut, Cherry, Pine, Walnut, Pine 
Painted White and White Enamel and Polished Walnut, Cherry and Mahogany. 

LIBERAL DISCOUNT to Carpenters, Builders and 
Hardware Dealers 






United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America^ 

Published Monthly on the Fifteenth of each month 

Lippincott Buildingt 46 N. Twelfth Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa* 

P* J* McGUIRE, Editor and Publisher. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia, Pa., as, 
second-class matter. 

Subscription Price:— Fifty cents a year. In ad- 
vance. postpaid. 

Address all letters and money to 

;p. J. McGuire. 

Box 884. Philadelphia, Pa. 


Keep Out of Politics. 


m AYS of high political ex- 
citement are again com- 
ing on apace — days of 
blazing, flaming, burn- 
ing, seething politics — 
days in which the men of the nation 
will take sides in a struggle with 
threatening violence, rage, vehe- 
mence — almost approaching in its 
fury, sanguinary results. 

And what will be the cause of 
this upstarting of heated blood 
through the gates and alleys of its 
normal channel of natural flow ? 
Will it be in honest contention for 
establishment of principles for the 
uplifting of a race, for the better- 
ment of conditions of the general, for the stability of a nation of 
free and enlightened people ; or will 
it be only for the spoils to be won, 
for the power to be obtained by the 
winning side, for the larger accumu- 
lation of wealth by the greedy, 
voracious few, and the willing sub- 
jugation of the many to further 
helpless, oppressive, humiliating 
contentions for a fair proportion ol 
the world’s belongings? 

Year after year these excitements 
ebb and flow, and a whole nation is 
fired to the boiling point of heat. 
Demagogues and charlatans, mounte- 
banks and political fakirs, bribe- 
takers and place-hunters, lighten up 
the horizon with torches of pseudo- 
patriotic flame, and the general mass 
attracted alone by the pyrotechnic 
display, find, in the end, the same 
gloom of darkness, and only the 
charred stick of the rocket which 
proved an fatuus over the marsh 
of buried hopes and aspirations. 

Has the working man no concern 
in the results of these uprisings of 
flame and flume? As a trade- 
unionist he is told to “keep out of 
politics.’’ For a trade union, as 
such, that is most wholesome 
advice. The trade union has a mis- 
sion to fill. Its motives are pure, 
holy and unassailable. It is fully 
worthy of its intentions, and with the 
progress now happily in view, it is on 
the broad road to the accomplish- 

ment of its honest desires. All it 
needs is a faithful adherence to the 
principles which prompt its creation 
and the methods which govern its 
action, and its destiny is assured. 

But for the workingman, of any 
class, the admonition to “keep out 
of politics ” is as “ wasted sweetness 
on the desert air.’’ “Keep out of 
politics!” Not when bread and 
butter are at stake. If there is any-'' 
thing more politic than another it 
is something to eat. Drop all the 
“ifs” and “ands” of partisan 
excitement and inducement, and 
“strike ” for the flour barrel of your 
subsistence. Don’ t stand around and 
point the finger of censure at the 
fellow that’s got more of this world’s 
goods than you have. If a majority 
of us are penniless because the laws 
are so framed that those who have 
the most are getting more, and we 
that have nothing, and are getting 
nothing, are being deprived of gaining 
strength in our struggle for firmer 
foothold, we should not blame those 
who are filling their haversacks, but 
blame ourselves alone, who have the 
power of relief, but are too cowardly 
to assert our manhood. The cir- 
cumstances, it is true, are at present 
against us, but a little reflection on 
economy in a political point of 
view ; a little less faith and depen- 
dence in partisan pyrotechnics and 
horn blowing ; a little more sense in 
selecting those who are to frame laws 
for our own economic advancement 
and amelioration, would bring about 
a new order of things, would ac- 
complish a more equitable distri- 
bution of the products of our toil, 
give us a larger and fairer division of 
the capital we almost wholly create, 
and place us more securely on a 
level with those who have been, for 
many long ages of the world’s 
history, robbing us with our own 
sweet submissive sanction and will. 

“Keep out of politics?” No! 
Wade right in, and yourselves dictate 
what laws shall bring us relief. 

To begin with, there must be no 
lack of harmony among the working 
masses in the work of accomplishing 
the ends to be obtained for a general 
amelioration of conditions. There 
can be no effect without perfect con- 
cert ; there can be no concert with- 
out confidence ; there can be no 
confidence without being bound 
together by common opinions, com-^ 
mon affections and common interests. 
The movement of reform, slowly 
moving forward, has much resem- 
blance to revolution. There is 
strong evidence of evolution — an 
evolution of thought — an unfold- 
ing and unrolling ; a process of 
growth and development, in the 
minds of the common people, which 
is not the result of chance, nor of 
popular caprice ; and if it should 
threaten rebellion, it is not from a 
passion for attack, but from im- 
patience of suffering. 

It is not to be supposed that the 

people, as a people, are never wrong. 
That they have been so is of 
frequent occurrence. But in all 
disputes between the people and 
those who are delegated with the 
administration of power, the pre- 
sumption is at least upon a par in 
favor of the people. When popular 
discontents are prevalent, something 
has been found amiss either in the 
construction of laws, or in the ad- 
ministration of them. The general 
masses have no interest in disorder. 
When they go wrong, it is their 
error and not their crime. 

There is nothing cruel or criminal 
in party alliance or affiliation. Party 
differences and contentions are really 
the grounds of stability for better 
government. There must be friction 
in all the actions of life, natural or 
artificial, in the conduct of govern- 
ment as well as in the regulation of 
more domestic affairs. But undisputed 
undeniable fealty to party or par- 
tisan measures, is bondage inexcus- 
able to the promptings of reason and 
sanity. Party combination is con- 
venient for working purposes, but 
one about which even those most in- 
terested care to say as little as possi- 
ble. There appears to be something 
revolting to the intellectual integrity 
and self-respect of the individual in 
the systematic surrender of his per- 
sonal action, interest and power, to 
a political connection in which his 
own judgment may never once be 
allowed to count for anything. And , 
then, many people closely allied to 
party confederacies frequently ac- 
quire a narrow, bigoted and pro- 
scriptive spirit. It is of no especial 
credit to a man that he has always 
acted right, from his own stand-point, 
but has taken especial care to act in 
such a manner that his endeavors 
could not positively be productive of 
any consequential good. 

For the workingman, it is only 
by the exercise of his political power 
that he can ever hope for absolute 
redemption from evils which oppress 
him. This can never be done by 
polidcs in what may be termed a 
partisan sense. The average work- 
ingman has some knowledge of 
what he may expectin that line. 
Republican or Democrat, Populist 
or Prohibitionist— it is all the same 
when it comes to action in his behalf. 
Partisan promises go for naught. 
Majorities roll up on either side; the 
whoops and hurrahs signify satis- 
faction at the victories achieved; men 
are inducted into place and power; 
peculation, robbery and corruption 
characterize the general tone of leg- 
islation and administration of affairs, 
and the general mass of working- 
men, like the gilly in the hunt for 
snipe, are left to hold the bag. 

How much — Oh, how much — lon- 
ger are laboring men to continue 
^ “the hewers of wood and the 
drawers of water?” Who is at fault ? 
Not the successful ones, certainly. 

ot the ones who have conceived 

and carried to aeconiplisbn'ei'^^^^^ 
schemes which have given 
elevation to power and pm t- 
them w'ho laugh to scorn me 
pleadings of the oppressed or 
They do it over and over ag 

year in and year out — "unir- 
while at the gullibility of t le 
eared masses — if not asses " ’ 
given them place and power. 

Suppose the workingmen 
community, any municipal >> 
congressional district or 
combine, what might not t 
accomplish ? Why not se ec 

for Councilman regardless 0 

preference ; why not a 
Mayor ; why not a f ? p|,estly 

not a Governor, who vvi ^ 
represent the interests of la ^ 
in his chosen field of action 
stand around and 

cannot be done. Labor 


majority in any ciiy, 

state. Labor has the porm 

redemption in its own han 
it has at its very doors the 
relief and will not assert its it 

tive, will not exercise t 
possesses for its own |^jje 

absolute and secure, it ^ ^ 
its head and suffer under 
lash of willing submission. 

“ Keep out of Politics . ^ ^ 

Go into politics with vim a 
Organize non-partisan cln 
community. Bring 
trades or callings, Even j^ing" 

affiliation the unorganized 
man. Have frequent 
frequent discussions 
of economic import. 
ignorant upon questions 


the general am og“*^ 
asses. Bar all 

'tisan blatherskites. 
the chronic 

> the chronm R— rpur 
:k the best man i 
110 matter ' ajiiatif"’ 

:tions or partisan ‘ 

.ve been. Seek a 

seek you. 

If he fails you, I' 

m out and try «g 


' tnau y-- -- jg 
give him your v 

1 a man already ” 
y that you 


give 1U1“ j 

n what you can _ i’ 

ized labor has t ptioi' 
for the rede«_Pj,io..^ 


. Ln of woous „ 

g stretch of 

us if we pers^, . 

still strongly ^^1^111"' 
;p our advancing 

ied. Instead 0 

olitics get ngfr pUf 

f we are hrm ^yill 

to our colors, j^agfC 

loves the ° -bat 

2es in their gf‘[‘ t. . , 1 - 

,e feels in his q„iV 

1 hatred, ^ . 



*en©i>al Offieeps 

of tlic* 

^ited Bpothophoocl of ©ar- 
PontQps ancl doinops 
of .Amopiea. 


‘PPincott Building, 46 N. Twelfth Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

W h president. 

■ Huber. 95 Waverly St. Yonkers. N. Y. 

CLUIRE, p. o. Box 884. Philadelphia. Pa. 


BAUER, o6io W. Polk St. Chicago III. 


'Worcester* ^ View Avenue, 

[All c Executive Board. 

E‘ B- be mailed 

neral Secretary-Treasurer.] 

Vork. t.ANE. 121 Edgecombe ave.. New 

^ ^ miller, 2624 N. Taylor ave.. St Louis. Mo. 
Chlcago^'^T'TERMULL. 1013 W. 86th st.. Sta. P.. 

C. WALZ. 247 Putnam st. Hartford, 

^^^LIAMS. 170 Mills st., Atlanta, Ga. 


A. F. of L. Convention. 

liol*'* ^‘"^teeiith Annual conven- 
Lab ^ -^Bierican Federation of 

Harnvpnic Hall, De- 
’ on Monday, December 
^^ntinued in session for 
In point of numbers it 
^ ^ largest ever held, there 
Sp.> ^ ^^ont 200 delegates present. 
caii° 7 i ^‘‘^®-P*'esident James Dun- 
body to order. This 
ti^^ j ^ ^ npon Mr. Duncan owing to 
President Gompers met 
^‘sio ^^^^^^nt in a street car col- 
before in Wash- 
p First Vice-President 

froi^^ ^Guire being also absent 

'"«cause^r •„ ceremonies, 

uddrgg nlness in his family. An 
entat7 '^^Icome to the repres- 
J. Gre7 delivered by Herbert 


1 rades and Labor Unions. 

General Offi- 
bon ^he prosperous condi- 

inen^ \ ^ "I'rades Union move- 
^^Port^ country. In the annual 

notes President Gompers he 

^ industry, which 

Cause f wxAAx... 

y congratulation, espe- 

of organized workers 
labo?^ increased and the hours 
ropQ uiany cases reduced. 
^^dr\g growth of Unionism 

^ ^ particularly 

^Wterg^, Coring the past year 
I ^^cn issued to 9 

35 City Central 
Trade Assemblies, 


T Unions and 

affiij ^ Unions. There are 

/ State Unions; 

^^ntr 1 of Labor, 

( ?^*^blieg Unions and Trade 

Uocal Trade Unions, 
bNl Ty National or Inter- 

®fal 1-?''^” exists) 

and 202 

The report of Secretary Frank 
Morrison showed an increase in 
income of $17,862.98 over that of 
last year, while the expenses, mainly 
for organizing purposes, were $11,- 
402.08 more than last year. The 
total receipts for the year were $36,- 
757.13;' Expenses, $30,599.22, 
leaving a balance on hand of $<)•• 
. 549 - 33 - 

The Fraternal Delegates present 
were James Haslam and Alexander 
Wilkie from the Trade Union Con- 
gress of England and David Carey 
from the Trade and Labor Congress 
of Canada. 

One of the important features ol 
the Convention was the seating of 
a delegate from the order of Rail- 
road Telegraphers, which is the first 
of the Railroad Brotherhoods to 
affiliate- It is evidently expected 
that the others will follow. 

Miss Susan B. Anthony addresseil 
the convention during the second 
day’s session on the subject of 
woman suffrage. At the third day s 
session addresses were delivered by 
the fraternal delegates from the 
British and Canadian bodies. Pres- 
ident Gompers arrived at the con- 
vention on the loth and was enthu- 
siastically welcomed. 

Under the report of the Com- 
mittee on Resolutions the following 
were adopted during the several 
days’ sessions : 

Urging enactment of a United 
States law requiring the using of the 
Allied Printing Trades’ label on all 
Government publications. 

Declaring unfair the Chicago 
Daily News and the Chicago /ieeorii. 
and all publications owned and con 
trolled by Victor F. Lawson. 

Condemning the action of the pro- 
prietors of the New York Sun and 
Evening Sun and demanding the 
reinstatement of the old union 
printers on these papers. 

Protesting against the increase ol 
the .standing army of the United 
States and urging a reduction to the 
regular quota of 25,000 men. 

Recommending that the legisla- 
tures of all the states enact laws pro- 
viding that no convict shall produce 
or manufacture articles to be sold in 
competition with products of free 

Condemning the contract labor 
system of the Hawaiian ^Islands and 
urging the immediate cessation of 
immigration under that system. 

Indorsing the legislative rneasures 
of the International Seamen’s Union 
of America and urging their enact- 
ment by Congress. 

Urging the extension of the privi- 
lege of holidays with pay to all em- 
ployees of United States navy yards, 
naval stations and arsenals. 

Authorizing the executive council 
to appoint a special organizer for the 
Pacific coast states and territories, 
and recommending that the Presi- 
( Tontinued on Page 14.) 



Black Diamond Files and Rasps ;; 













New York, Philadelphia, Chicago 

Factories and General Offices, 
New Britain, Conn. 

P. & F. Corbin 

Ma^^^urcM^^oL .Builders’ Fine Hardware 

925 Market Street 


PHONE No. 3733 


1233 Market Street, Philadelphia 


The Latest and Most Approved Tools 








Ppiee, $2.00 


Kaoh Tool Stamped WM. BBATTY dt SON, 



H. B. BLACK & CO. 


The Origioal Wm. Beatty & Sods 


For Carpenters and Builders 





London Letter 


HE end of the year is at 
hand now and the mem- 
bers of the craft, repre- 
sented by The Carpen- 
ter, can look back upon 
twelve months of unusual prosperity. 
Work has been constant, wages high, 
and disputes usually short and suc- 
cessful. This halcyon condition of 
things, however, is not permanent in 
the present constitution of industry. 
Periods of enforced idleness and per- 
haps reduced wages, are ahead. How 
near no one can say, but with the 
experience of a century behind us we 
know these trade slumps are never 
many years away from the booms. 

For example, whereas in Decem- 
ber of this year the Amalgamated 
Society of Carpenters and Joiners 
has only 814 unemployed members, 
out of a total membership of 61,725, 
it had in December, 1894. ^^ss 
than 1,944 members out of work, out 
of a total membership of only 43,041. 
In 1896 unemployed benefits totaled 
up to over two hundred thousand 
dollars. It has not been a quarter 
of that during this year. 

But as the night follows the day 
so the bad times recur and no men 
see this closer than the trade union 
leaders. General Secretary F. Chan- 
dler of the Amalgamated suggests 
to the members of his union that 
they should seriously consider this 
approaching prospect. He thinks 
that the first remedy to be used is 
shorter hours in order that the work 
that can be had should be spread 
over the greatest possible number of 

Then comes the minor but still 
hugely important consideration of 
checking the importation of cheap 
manufactured doors, made abroad un- 
der unfair conditions, sometimes even 
women and children being found at 
work upon them. The rate of wages 
paid and the hours worked on this 
foreign prepared joinery are outside 
all honest competition. In this coun- 
try we have factories equipped with 
the latest and most improved machin- 
ery for turning out this class of work 
and 'located in rural districts, where 
wages are down to 10 and 12 cents 
per hour and yet these cannot com- 
pete with the imported stuff. 

It is not the stuff that comes from 
the United States or Canada that is 
feared ; it is the product of Sweden 
and Norway where the joinery trade 
is in a rotten condition. Canada 
apd the States are well unionized 
countries, but Scandinavia lags be- 
hind. The old custom here of mak- 
ing doors for stock*’ in the slack 
season instead of discharging men 
has been pretty nearly swept away 

by the flood of continental unfair 

It should be strongly emphasized 
here, however, that it is not foreign 
products that are objected to by us, 
but only foreign products produced 
under unfair conditions. That the 
carpenters and joiners of Britain are 
not ijisular^ in the sense of prejudice 
against all that is not British, is 
shown by the munificent donation of 
$6,000 made by the A. S. C. J. to 
the associated trade unions of Den- 
mark during their late struggle for 

those brought in monthly by the old 
plan of a single organizer, the Gen- 
eral Union may soon be increasing 
prodigiously. In November even, 
nearly 200 new members were added 
to the roll. 

The little independent trade so- 
ciety in London, known as the Per- 
severance Carpenters and Joiners 
Society, which, founded in i860, has, 
after varying fortune, reached a 
membership of 436, and has affiliated 
itself with the new General Federa- 
tion of Trade Unions. This is the 
first carpenters’ union to join. 

In three small districts the carpen- 
ters and joiners have gained in- 
creased wages in the past month — 
about 200 men being concerned 
altogether. At Selby and Alderly 
Edge the advance is from 15 to 16 
cents per hour making the ordinary 
weekly wages for each place respect- 
tively, $9.25 and $8.50. At Ches- 
terfield the rise is from 17 to 18 
cents per hour, making the weekly 
wages$io.25. No changes in hours 
of labor are reported from anywhere. 

The ship joiners at Cardiff, Pen- 
orch, Barry and Cadoxton, sent in 
recently a notice of their desire for 
an advance in wages and improved 
working rules. No settlement has 
been arrived at and so the craftsmen 
concerned have ceased work. The 
A. S. C. J. and the General Union 
are the organizations concerned. 
The employers are doing their best 
(which means their worst) to break 
the back of the strike by engaging 
non-union outside labor and using the 
shipwrights apprentices. It looks 
as though dangerous complications 
are going to result. 

Mention of the General Union of 
Carpenters and Joiners reminds me 
that that old and enterprising organi- 
zation is struggling manfully with 
the problem of how best to organize 
the non-unionist. The present plan 
of having only one man to look after 
the whole of the country has proved 
insufficient. The other suggested 
plan of dividing the country up into 
numerous little districts, each having 
the power to appoint and support a 
local organizer who shall work the 
district for a few weeks a year return- 
ing to his bench between times, is 
reckoned wasteful and useless. A me- 
dium plan, which^eems a very happy 
one, has been devised and the mem- 
bers are now voting upon it. The 
country is divided into three districts 
— northern, southern and midland 
— each of which, it is proposed, will 
elect a divisional delegate annually. 
He shall hold office for a year at $15 
per week, and be eligible for re- 
election. The new expense will 
be met by a special quarterly contri- 
bution of 12 cents per member. 

If the new plan brings in fresh 
members in relative proportion to 

Employment still continue good, 
but scarcely active except in a few 
districts. About 3 out of every 200 
organized men are out of work. 
Taking the building trade, as a whole, 
the bricklayers and stonemasons are 
busiest, then come the carpenters, 
joiners and plasterers. Plumbers 
and painters are dull. 

Industrial Items. 

The Order of Railroad Telegraph- 
ers has declared a boycott against 
the Colorado and Southern Railway 
on account of the disagreement be- 
tween the company and operators 
regarding wages and hours of labor 

The trouble between organized 
labor and the Pan-American Exposi- 
tion Company, at Buffalo, has been 
amicably settled. Union wages will 
prevail and union labor will be given 
the preference. 

St. Louis street railway com- 
panies have agreed that $2,000,000 
in new construction, to be erected 
during this year, shall be done by 
union labor exclusively. 

At Avon, N. Y., there is a colony 
of 270 Italians, who are under the 
direct control of one man, who hires 

them to farmers and fruit growers, 
and takes most of their earnings. 

rouR Chicago wholesale ci 
dealers have been indicted by 
grand jury for using countei 
union labels. 

Three thousand miners have 
struck for an advance of wages in the 
Kofiack coal district of Styria 
Austria. ’ 

A T 

A Large number of men out of 
employment in Victoria, Australia 
have been set to work on railway 

A New sickness and accident 
insurance law has been passed (sub- 
ject to referendum) in Switzerland. 
According to the law, on and after 
January i, 1903, every person over 
14 years of age carrying on work for 
any ot er person on Swiss territory 

ations to celebrate tlie ^ 

nf Beniamin FrankH^ ^ 


and the 20th ^anniversai;' 
founding of the union. 


were passed by the spec 
of the Oregon Legislature 
One of these laws provi e 
wages of labor shall be eX 
an attachment upon a 
Another directs, the supe 

of the State Penitentiary 
vict labor to repair an ^ je 
only certain roads. 1^ 
dared to be unlawful for co 0 

to maintain or to emp 
armed men. To violate ^ 
renders the members o 
tion liable to a fine oflroi 
$5000 for each day t e t 

committed, and, in a ^ of ^ 
fine, to an imprisonme 

Les Associations 

. 1 nf the , 
Ouvrieres” is the tit e 

report on 

trade societies isst 

of combination were 

that rid f- 

It seenisi- feci 


01 comoinaLiuii 
legal in France 

Under this law tra ^g 5 

keep their benefit 
ate organizations; tlU' 

trade unions formed un^ 
has more than double 

an aggregate membershjP^^ 



T'here will be $85,000,000 ex- 
panded this year in Greater New 
lork ‘ 


in the construction of buildings. 


' estimate is exclusive of the cost 

structures contracted for or by 
the city. 

^HiRiY thousand lacemakers are 
strike at St. Etienne, France, 
have appealed to the govern- 
^nt, and M. Jean Jaures has been 
Ppointed arbitrator to settle the 

General Secretary 
def ^ Steel Workers, has 

^ated a millonaire opponent for 

Cou England, City 

Cronin was the nominee 
^ ^ trade unionists. His 

1 supported by the two 

^ parties combined. 



rod mill men employed by 

rican Steel and Wire Com- 

str u ^^^veland, Ohio, have 

^ ) demanding an increase of 10 
per cent. 


Wo 1 the Belleville 

l^h ^lills, at North Kingston, 
^^and^ I'iave granted the de- 

operatives for a 10 per 
• advance in wages. 

Therp o ^ 

seventeen trade union- 

tj-^d^^ State Legislature and a 

in ^'^^t>nist Lieutenant Governor 

^ Colorado. 


Del.^^^ plasterers of Wilmington, 
demand for $3 for a 
''’On eight hours, and they 


Sulzer,of New York, 
for ^^^'^oed a bill which provides 
hour ^^^^^^'^^^rnent of the eight- 
work done by 



• ^eprese 
'^'lers to c 

^^vance of c 

5 per cent, in 

- British M 

^on have arranged to 

of the 
^ propositi( 

, the 

Of T Chicago F 

intr^H Representative 

'"idln House 

^ are . ^ provisions 

“Th • 

profession, p 
^^r Or kind where 

f'oyed P'^ofessional service 
^uch female shall b 
^astom professional • 
Paid ^rnount of com 

^tViQ^ *riale employes fc 


of violating t 

•'o> Oof 

) be fined in a 

ea^? rior mo 

Such offence.*^ 

‘ 5 oo. 


(Insertion's under this head cost ten cents a line.) 

Union No. 7, Minnkapolis, Minn. 

WiiKKKAS, It ha.s pleased the Almighty in llis 
infinite wisdom to remove from our midst Brother 
Cykillk Pkkkas who so suddenly departed this 
life the 17th inst., and 

Whkrkas, Union No. 7 feels the loss of a faithful 
brother, therefore be it 

Resolved that we express our sincere .sympathy 
to his bereaved family and friends, that a copy of 
these resolutions be spread upon the minutes of our 
meeting, a copy be sent to the family of the deceased 
brother, a copy be published in Thk Carpkntek, 
and the Charter of the Union be tlraped for thirty 

W. J. OKKK. ) 

John Franzkn, \ Committee. 

A. G. CAR1.SON, ) 

Union No. .«51, Di ia th, Minn. 

WiiKiiEAS, It has pleased Almighty God, in His 
wisdom, to remove from our midst the beloved wife 
of our brother and co-laborer, K. G. Free; there- 
fore, belt 1 I . 

Resolved^ That we tender to Buo. huKK and his 
family our heartfelt sympathy in his sad bereave- 
ment, and trust that he may live the Christian life 
of his late beloved spouse, and that when the final 
day of his calling comes that he may be prepared to 
meet that loved one in the bright beyond. 

Resolved, That these resolutions be spread on our 
minutes, that a copy l»e furnished our atfiicted 
brother, that a copy be sent for publicaUon in the 
Herald and Tribune and in our official paper Ihe 

J. H. Baker, V Committee. 

J. L. Heasley, ) 

Union lo:i, Louisviei.e, Ky. 

Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God in His 
infinite goodness to remove from our midst our 
esteemed brother, Fred. Brenner, who departed 
this life, Tuesday, November 7, 1S99. 

\ViiEREAS, Union No. 103 feels the loss of a good 
member, a faithful brother and an earnest promoter 
uf unionism, therefore be it 

Resolved That we drape our Charter in mourning 
for thirty days and that we expreas our eincere 
sympathy to his bereaved family aud friends; and 
further be it 

KesoM, That a copy of these resolutions be 
snread upon the minutes of our meeting ; a copy of 
L satne be presented to the friends of the deceased 
brother wlio so faithfully cared for him until he 
made his everlasting flight into the Great Beyond; 

that a copy be sent to the daily papers of Louisville, 
Ky., and I he Carpenter, our official journal, foJ 

. CHAS. Dum 


V Committee. 

Union 348, Water viele, Mic. 
KEA.s, It has pleased the Almighty God in 
nite wisdom aud love to take to Himself our 
Brother, Sewell A. MoGuire. 
aKAS We feel the loss of a faithful member 
Union and one who merited the respect of 
knew him, therefore be it 
ed That our Charter be drapeii in mourn 
thirty days and that we express our sin 
mpatliy to the bereaved family of our 
I brother ; also be it 

ed. That a copy of these resolutions be 
,n the minutes of our meeting, that a copy 
me be presented to the family, and a copy 
0 The Carpenter, our official journal, for 

‘®“‘ F. S. VAKNEV, I 

F a. STEPHENS, Committee. 

viH Markham in a recent ttJk 
'he Man with the Hoe took 
to emphasize that “the man 
lehoe” was not the Ameri- 
jrkman in his estate. The 
can workman,” he said, 
,vs more of the social problems 
day than do the lawmakers at 
ngton.” He did not mean 
,ut merely Millet’s “Man with 
oe,” who was the result of 
;tions of drudgery, and not of 
for labor is elevating and 
while drudgery is debasing 

Other Tools are very good Tools, but — 

“YANKEE” TOOLS are better. 


Sizes : 2, 3, 4, 6, 6, 8, 10, 12 inches. 


Slim blade, with finger turn, for light work. Sizes : 2, 3, 4, 6 inches. 


Drives screws in by pushing handle, or by ratchet movement. Made in three sizes. 


Drives or takes out screws by pushing on handle, or by ratchet movement. Can be used as 
rigid screw driver at any part of its length. 


For drilling metals and all kinds of woods. Chuck will hold drills 3-16 inch diameter or less. 



For boring wood for setting screws, brads, nails, etc., can be used in hard or soft wood with- 
out splitting. Pushing on handle revolves drill Each drill has 8 drill 
points in magazine inside handle as shown in cut below. 


Insist on “YANKEE” TOOLS 


Descriptive Circulars will be sent free by Manufacturers. 




Put on in 
One minute. 
No Sewing^ 

Fits any. 

for a new 


Ttie Jones Umbrella “Roof 

COVER YOUR OWN umbrella 

Don’t throw away your old one—make it newfor$i.oo. 
Recovering only takes one minute. No sewing. A clumsy 
man can do it as well as a clever woman. 



TTo.« n#»nr£y’ Cv/ivi T*.z<it ^end ns $1 and we will mall yon, PRE- 

1 en uays rree l nal paid, a union Twined Silk, 26-Inch 

- « Koof»» (28-inch, $1.25$ 

30-iuch, $1.50). If the “ Roof»» is not all yon expected, or hoped for, retnm 
AT OUR EXPENSE and get jonr money back by return mail— no questions asked. 

WHAT TO DO.— Take the measure Hn inches) of your old umbrella. Count the number of 
outside ribs. State if the centre rod is of steel or wood. Full instructions for putting on the 
cover will be sent with all orders. Our special price list of different sizes and qualities mailed 
on request. 

Send for our free book “ Umbrella Economy ” anyway. Your umbrella will wear out 
some day and you will be glad that you know about 

THE JONES-MTJLLEN CO., 396-398 Broadway, New York 

“ Stempel ” 


Unequaled for Simplicity, Certainty, 
Quickness and Power in Action 

Tested to 400 Pounds and Fully Warranted 
Approved by Philadelphia Fire Underwriters Association 

provident life and TRUST CO. 
equitable TRUST CO. 



H. R. 








1217 Filbert Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. 


(This Department is open for criticism and 
correspondence from our readers on mechanical 
subjects in Carpentry, and ideas as to Craft 

Write on one side of the paper only. All 
articles should be signed. 

Matter for this Department must be in this 
office by the 25th of the month.) 

Steel Square Question. 

From Railway Journal, N. Y. : 

Where can I procure the No. loo 
square mentioned so favorably in 
Hodgson’s book on “The Steel 
Square and Its Uses?” Are there 
no other steel squares as good as the 

No. TOO? 

Panel Doors. 

From A. MeWatt, Newburg: 

Are panel doors put together with 
dowels, as good and as durable, as 
doors put together with mortise and 

tenon ? 

Laying Down Valleys. 

From Wm. Kant, Pittsburg : 

In putting in valleys, is it better 
that the metal should be in one 
length, or laid in with good laps, in 
short pieces ? I should be pleased 
to have some brother chip discuss 
the question. 

Oval Windows. 

From Jack Plane, Altoona : 

I want a design for an oval win- 
dow about I foot, 8 inches, wide by 3 
feet long, for a frame house, 
colonial style. Will some of our 
clever brethren publish one? 

About Shingles. 

From Pete Douglass : 

What is supposed to be the actual 
dimensions of a shingle, and how 
many does it really take to lay 10 
feet square on a roof ? 

Plan of Small House. 

From W. T. C. , Kansas City. 

Will some of the readers submit 


with a thin veneer. The door is 3 
feet wide, and the flare is 4)4 inches 
in a wall about 9 inches thick. 
The head is just a semi-circle. An 
answer, with sketch, will oblige. 

Barn Framing. 

From Old Framer : 

I. N. W. of Trenton, N. J., asks 
a question, or rather a number ol 
questions, that have been asked in 
some form or other many, many 
times, and with the permission of 
Bro. McGuire. I will try and answer 

told. The intermediate bents may all 
be framed and turned like Fig. 3, or 
they may have timbers framed into 
them as at o, <?, Fig. 2, according 
to what is wanted. The manure 
drop, is a channel made by cutting 
into the joists 4x18 inches, and lin- 
ing the channel with suitable ma- 
terial. These sketches are all drawn 
to scale, so that the dimensions may 
easily be taken from them as the 
measurements of ends and sides are 
marked on them. If it was not for 
taking up too much space, I would 
be pleased to give bill of material, 
hardware, etc. 

1 j 

I am about to make 
it to be “ up-to-date, Qf 

.any reader that has a 
a hint to offer on the su j | 
will be appreciated by 
am certain will be interesting 
readers of the Carpenter* 

Saw Filing- 

From R. N. K. Dover: |ong 

I have been filing niy ^ 
time with the point of j.ecefltly 
wards the handle, but ha 
been told by a first-clas \ 

that this is all wrong, 

Oil Stones. 

From Tom R. 

I have been 



stone for nearly 20 years, ^ 

Ort fVlJn that I niUSt 0 ^ 

, a 


give as good satisfacti®" co^ 

down so thin that I 
stone before long. 

work very well. 

treme ends of building. Fig. 3, 
shows “bents” between ends. Fig. 
4, shows method of framing sides. 

seen in print before, and whose 
opinions are deserving of attention, 
and I take this onnnrtnnitv rkf ooU 

‘1 Imtoid 
position stones in 
work very well, but I -5 

a composition affair ca 
as an original stone. 
who have f 

sharpeners and oi** * 


take this opportunity of ask- please give their expen 

to the Carpenter the plan of a 
three room house to be one story 
and a half, built on the city suburbs, 
and cost of material and labor, out- 
side of the carpenter work, not to 
exceed $300.00. 

A Speedy Answer Wanted. 
From John R. 

Wanted — A quick method of find- 
ing the curve and length of a hip 
rafter of a veranda having a slightly 
concave roof ? I should be much 
obliged for a quick answer. 

How to Lay Out a Veneer. 
From J. W. 

Perhaps Mr. Wood, Mr. Hodgson, 
or some other reader would tell* me 
how to lay out a veneer to bend 
around an arched doorway when the 
jambs are set in the wall on a flare? 
The doorhead is “ built-up ” of seg- 
ments, and I want to cover the joints 



another, the better one 
af^n made known, so that 

u would be able to select the 
obtained. I wish my fellow 
and consider this subject 

give us through the pages of our 
^ahpente^ the results of their 


5tone Post Head. 


••om George Beck, Camden, N. J. : 

a stone post head. I w'ould 

plan of 

to"^ how to make a pattern 

head so that I can 
^ e right lines even to get it cut. 
^ curved line 0\ A, B, be 


1 X \ 

y \ 

B \ J 

cutting the mitre-cap will help me 

IS a sketch of elevation and 

How Can the Length be Obtained? 
P^'rom R. McJ. 

I have to make a circular house 
which is to J^e two feet in the clear 
inside, as shown in the sketch 
and 1 find that when I cut the 
house boards from the plan they are 


too short on the outside. How can 
I lay out a sketch from which I can 
get the exact length of the house 
boards wanted ? 

the ^^iitre of tapering bead or 

pu ^ l>eads all to meet at O' in 
K ^ ^l^vation. Hoping that 
^ reader may take this 

^*mple Inquiry Answered. 

s 'T T t 

^ . * * ^-1 Philadelphia: 

^^Pend^ ^ 

the d ^^^^what on which side of 
hun^ mean. A right hand 

On g^enerally a door hung 

froi-j^ ^ your right and opens 

niade ^ locks and hinges 
which illustration (Fig. 

^ Co ’ t^hen from Strellinger 
^ool book, will partlv ex- 

Describing Semi-Circle. 

From Tom, R. G., Germantown : 
V\^ R. K. can describe a semi- 
circle with the steel square, if he 
will look at the little sketch (Fig. 5 ) 
which 1 send herewith. The two 

points A and Ö, show the diameter. 
Put in two nails as shown, then 
swing the heel of the square, keep- 
ing the tongue and blade pressed 
against the nails, then X will de- 
scribe the circle. 


reverse bevel 




Fic. 6 



^^nd T ^^^ot by a right or 
^^^ng door. 

^tting 4 Mitre-Cap. 

>J-W.r. - 

‘here . 

'Ife-car, rule for cutting a 

will r>r° ^ handrail? The 
1 ^"'eUpo *^uurse, sit on the lower 
m'"' rail J f ‘he rail is a 

'vifu'®’ and on tne 

j ^h the S i ^ '^Itre-cap is turned 

^ Same thickness. 
'“"S the method 

s on Its rim, 




Which is the Best Method ? 
From J. W. G. 

In connection with cutting a mitre- 
cap, I should like to know of a quick 
method of laying out a mitre-box, 
also the best way of making a mitre- 
box and a shooting-board for trim- 
ming mitres. Perhaps some one who 
knows will enlighten me, if I am 
not considered presumptive by ask- 
ing so much. I am sure there are 
many young workmen beside my- 
ielf.^Twill jbe gl 4 Ü'to see these 
questions answered 
\ V. 

»E Besides tools for the workshop, Files of all 3 
^ standard makes, Saws for wood and metal, ^ 
^ Hammers for the blacksmith, Hatchets for ^ 
g the carpenter, we have many labor saving ^ 
^ appliances for family use. ^ 

g See our Food Chopper 3 

g It cuts Meat and Vegetables ^ 


I W. H. & Q. W. ALLEN | 

g 113 Market Street Philadelphia 3 




k . I If your furnace is unsatisfactory 
flU I f “ why worry ? * ’ Have one put 
^ ^ ^ in that is guaranteed to give 

“ satisfaction. The 

SPECIALTY furnaces 

Give GREAT HEAT and require 

than any other makes They 
burn Pea Coal, also other kinds 
of coal, and all its gases, and are 
the most economical for the 
housekeeper. There are thou- 
sands in use in Philadelphia 
homes. They are sold by 
dealers generally, and may be 
seen in operation at the 
Builders^ Exchange, 18 S. 7 th St. 

Sen i your name to the makers 

Thomas, Roberts, Stevenson Co , 

For Illustrated Booklet. Bnffafo, W. F. 


'ii; liii 


Price pst of the ßailey’s Pure ßye 

Brown Label - . . $ 

Black " - 

Breen '' ... ^ 25 

YeUow " ... iSQ 

White ... 1.7S 

Perfectinn (12 years old) - 2.0B 


Huey & Christ 

1209 Market Street 



Tools for Woodworkers 

We carry a full line of 
first-class tools, of the 
standard makes, at fair 

JW cFadden ^ompany 
722 Arch Street Philadelphia 




nitres and What Determines 


In fonner numbers of The 
Carpenter we have written on the 
subject of mitres but as that has 
been some time ago, and as the 
paper has been gradually reaching 
out into new fields and new hands, 
we feel that the old readers will par- 
don us for threshing old straw, how- 
ever we didn’t get all of the grain at 

^ongue is the standard to work from 
as will be seen by the accompanying 

We have chosen the pentagon for 
illustrating purposes, but the reader 
must understand that the formula 
applies to all polygons. 

The mitres of the pentagon stand 
at 72° with each -other as 
shown in Fig. i, and is found by 
dividing 360° by the number of sides 
in the pentagon, but the angle when 
applied to the square to obtain the 
mitre is only one half of 72° or 36° 









✓ ^ / 

✓ / 

/ ^ 











\ /' 

! / 

! / 
' // 




'' V 

\ \A 

1 \ 

! \ 



M 2 > 

1 1 1 

^-1 1.. 



1 1 1 1 1 j 






Fig. 1 . 

the first threshing and by presenting 
the subject with new illustrations we 
hope to make it sufficiently interest- 
ing to be again worthy of space in 
these columns. 

Many carpenters while aware that 
certain figures taken on the tongue 

and intersects the blade at 8 ff inches. 

By squaring up from 6 on the 
tongue intersecting the degree line at 
A defines the centre for either 
inscribed or circumscribed diameter. 
The radius being A-B, and A-C, 

Fig. 2. 

and blade of the square defines 
certain angles, are at a loss to explain 
why they produce correct results. 

Tlie system we use is the full scale 
to the foot, and 12 taken on the 

12 and 8 |f gives the mitre as 
shown in Fig. 2. The blade resting 
on the degree line and the 12 on 
the tongue, is resting at a point in 
line with one of the sides. 

The figures to use on the blade 
for other polygons are as follows ; 
Triangle ; 20 square; 12 Hexagon; 
6 fj Heptagon ; 5 If Octagon ; 4 ff 
Nonagon ; 4^ Decagon 3^ Unde- 
cagon ; 3 If Dudecagon ; 3 

The A. F. of L. Convention. 

{CoitiiNued from Page p.) 

dent visit the cities of the Pacific 

Directing the Executive Council 
to call a convention of painters, dec- 
orators and paperhangers of the 
United States and Canada within 
six months for the purpose of form- 
ing an international union to be 
known as the “ Brotherhood of 
Painters and Decorators of 
America,” and providing in event 
of the formation of such union, for 
the revocation of the existing 
charter of the Painters and Decora- 
tors. Later it was decided to sus- 
pend the charter of the Baltimore 
Faction” within thirty days of ad- 
journment, pending the result of the 
convention of painters. 

Protesting against the employment 
of government employes in compe- 
tition with civilians. 

Favoring the election of President 
and United States Senators by direct 
vote, and the holding of elections 
two months prior to the opening of 

Protesting against the system of 
leasing convicts now prevalent in 
certain Southern states, and provid- 
ing for legislation to prohibit the 

Opposing the passage of the anti- 
scalping bill. 

Pledging the Federation to work 
for the passage of a national law for 
the reduction of the hours of labor. 

Recommending that the various 
central and local bodies of labor in 
the United States take steps to use 
their ballots on independent lines, as 
• enunciated in the declaration of 
principles of the American Federa- 
tion of Labor. 

Providing for the sending of a rep- 
resentative to the next convention of 
the various railroad men’s organiza- 
tions with a view to securing their 

Renewing the charges against 
Claude M. Johnson, Director of the 
United States Bureau of Engraving 
and Printing and urging his removal, 
and in event of failure in this step, 
demanding a Congressional inquiry 

Providing for a platform o 
the distribution of same to c ^ 

dates of all parties and the 

ment by the Federation ^ -j, 

candidates as declare thenisc 

favor of the measures, 
Calling upon 

support the barbers m 
toward shorter hours of 
Instructing the Executive 
cil to work for the _ the 

Congress providing 

Act of 
use of efficient life- boats 

Calling for the use 

of the 



Trades label on 





Reaffirming opposition 
or contract labor under t le j 
tion of the United States. 
Indorsing the Associate 

Press of America and 

ance in the dissemination ^ ^ jjie 
labor infomation from all pads 
world. the 

Urging the enforcement 
Sunday-closing laws and ^|j.gady 

ment of such where none 

Under the report of the Coni 

on Laws the co^' 

amended providing that 

vention of the Federation ^^^t 

alter meet annually 
Thursday after the nrst 
December, and increasing t ^ p^ioo 
of President and Secretary to 
and $1,800, respectively- g 

o res< 


of a 


The Seventh day s 
marked by the passage 
tion providing for a 


c Labot 

Federation ot ^ in 

of aiding ^^,,3 

The täte 
case of necessity. ^ 

fixed at one cent pot " 
member, not exceeding 

The Convention dutu ^ 

• ’ n on 

declaration of its positio 

former system of assessing ^ 
bers of Unions afifiHatec " 
the purpose 

Eighth day’s session 
n of its p< 

question of imperialism» ^ttit^^ 
military enterprises, and t o 
of the Trades Union toi'^t 

the trades Union »5 sess^^ 
The Ninth and last day^^ 


11 t*v 

witnessed the re-election 0 ^ rfff 


The reader w'ill notice that the 
length of the sides are 8 ff inches 
to the foot. If the inscribed 
diameter be 6 feet, then the sides 
would be 6 X 8 ff inches. 

into the case 

Opposing subsidies for the mer 
chant marine. ’ 

Condemning the Wardner (Idaho) McGuire, the y^nld 

Bull-Pen” outrages and instruct- joined in the strains o 
ing the Executive Council to make Syne” and thus 
a full mvest^^^i^n .and 

.wher^ it properly vention of the Arhdn' 
belongs. ^ of Labor. 1 

old officers without opp^* 

^tjt wa s- publialmd 

Mahon, of the Street 

will represent the 

next meeting of the Cana 

President Gompers ^ 

to correspond with the 
Labor Organizations 
P' ranee, Denmark and ^ ^ 
pean countries and f 

send fraternal deleg^^^ 
Convention of 1900. W 

After farewell address 
ternal delegates Haslam ^ p. 
and President Gompe^^ 



’’“ceedings of the General Execu- 
tive Board. 



''•Iz. Tni/'^ present, Williams, 

theahs Hw^^r. 

annni Lane, Bro. Catternnill 
AcoTm ‘he position 

®^Ruilfier*^”'^^^-*^” f>'om the National Association 
‘^'^'•'■outio* C.S.-T. to attend their next 

ofth ’’®‘Wl»and the G. E. B. approve the 
^ tlen^ p ^ ^ ’ *” accepting the invitation. 
ofTi submitted a report in »r. the 
who /-^t calling men otV 

f ^ *iot. live in the said city, and also 
report clearance cards, and referreti 

‘^Iher papers in the matter to tJie 
the Aft-r fully considering all the 

^»etr York D r ^ action of the 

'• is unconstitutional and illegal. 

Jani’^j^y q 

oVlock u-nu called to order at 8 

The '(!^‘'*®''« Lai.omt),e chair. 

*”^^cths of'v presented his report for the 
^nsirnctjo " and December, and received 

^"evv York*^* Board to visit the D. C. of 

with the decision 
fordeto*,;*;*^ regard to charging menibera for 
'*'‘10 corr^^ ®‘eii»-auce cards. 

'S^iotion in conne tioii with the res- 

'^ore ordi» j ^**^‘^*'** ^Villiams was rea«i and papers 

^evr Yorl^^^ Samuel Davies, of L’nion No. 7 to, 
P' decision of Gen. Pres. Williams, 

recoil, ^*1® action of the Gen. Pres., 
'‘*‘10 apDe ^ reduction of the fine to §lo. 00 . 
Chicago ^ ^''* “^ii-^l^i® ’’*’• Union No. 410, 

^'*‘ier wa «Jocision rendered by (ien. Pres. 

^"*■^^018100 ^ ‘^‘^® ^ ‘ 
Chicago read from Union No. lU, 


®‘®löi of j** against decision rendered in the 
orderejj ^nms. The communication was 

Paper«.. ’ ‘'* B. instructed to have 

Tl'e air?’’“"'* «'» <-o„ve,aiou. 

r'’fk,in't| " *'■ ”• ‘•'S >’«• tl>e D- <-'• "f ^®"' 

^•a^stainn^ \‘^®y®r case was taken up. The G. E. 


*^^otioo and ^ Uouis, for ofticial 

^®niands thi aid in enforcement of trade 

***iotions 11 * ^’as considered. The G. E. B. 

*id. '® movement and promises financial 


^'•licago communication from the D.C. 

November 22 , 1S99, containing 
^ ‘la lockout d^i ^‘’^®“‘'®ii®d lockout was read. As 
®nry. ^ot culminate, no action was neces- 

Tuxedo, New York, 

® mint demand the eight-hour day 

^ B. scale of wages March 1st. The 

in movement, but does not feel 

only o‘^iciul sanction, for the Union 

® short Uiue. 

'^'^'^ark, the D. C. of 

*^^nd for mj fioaneial aid to help enfu’ce a de- 
‘^^Pors in in wages this spring. As the • 

Who 1 *.* ^BP‘i nation were not complete, the 
A coin^ 

726 Yont““'’" "««ad from Unions No. 273 
,, PfoposetlT’ aaking official sanction for 

®^Uction in p ®*^iiP<i for an increase in wages and 

the ‘^‘i® papers were not com- 

Uaven read from Union No. 79, 

an agrL they were trying to 

•i®ur ,1.. sreement with *u^ .u.. 


‘‘ny on ^^® builders, for the eight 

^ was also laid over as 

U i^as read from the D. C. of 
firm Qp asking for financial aid to bring 

rti '^»5 alR./i . ASons to terms. This 

Pleie. "‘«®‘aid over, the papers being Lincom- 

j^^‘“adeipjj.^ was received from the D. C. of 

®Q the ^ of the demands 

‘ 0..„ 

^ conjni 7 

i» J'-’ of received from Mr. Kidd, 

that n ^*“algamated W 

’‘“Pol, »®nd 

ait “lat a 'lT "''“^‘«amated Woodworkers Union, 
their ‘"‘■'^"®«tative of the U. B. be sent to 
to senT‘"‘"® convention. The G. E. B. 
. luted hv lu ^ ^®Presentative, the same to be 

that action of the G. E. B., it 

t»eo members of the Board, viz.: 

Ij* to }jiJ Miller should accompany the 
anT s^*^*^*^ ‘lia visit to the D. C. 

the City p i, ‘”‘^ms were appointed to visit 
local ,v„*^ ^ oight, 12th instant, to install 

arid ,’^‘^^hizer f ^ ‘ '^‘°®y> ^®®- of Union No. 134 
tile ,* good ‘^®ritreal and vicinity were read, 
n ^Uibershi.."^/^ done and quite an addition to 
C ‘‘^huiea‘P‘'‘^^‘mU. B. 

the especial f* various sections of the 

^®frf«^‘'drnen» West, were read, relative to 



the G The same were re- 


8 Was commenced and occu- 

X Ilx 

^ audit of the books was rc- 

the entire ses don. 

.January 12th.— T he audit of the books was con- 
tinued and occupied the morning session. 

Gen Pres. Huber submitted the name of Wni. 
Bauer* of Union No. 80, Chicago. 111., to fill the 
position of First Vice-President, and Wra. J. 
Rossley, Union No. 23, Worcester, Mass., for Second 
Vice-President, and the appointments were endorsed 

by the G. E. B. ^ 

The application of Union No. 183, Peoria, 111., for 
official sanction and financial aid was granted by the 

^ A^ipHcntion from the D. C. of Borough of Bronx 
for official sanction and financial aid was taken up. 
The G. E. B. favors the cuovemenL 

.jANtTAKY 13 tii.— T he audit of the books was taken 

up and concluded. 

The appeal of Union No. 32, of Brooklyn, against 
the G. S.-T. was taken up. The G. E. B. sustains the 
decision of the G. S.-T., and would call the attention 
of the officers of all Local Unions in making out 
claims for payment of benefits, to the necessity of 
having claims made out in conformity with the 
laws of the U. B. 

The members of the G. E. B. appointed to visit 
the D. C. of New York in conjunction with the 
G. P., reported that they were unable to get any 
satisfactory reply or action upon questions referred 
to. The G. E. B. after hearing tlie report of the com- 
ittoe decided to instruct the G. S.-T. to require 
official reply from the D. C. , 

The appeal of Union No. 58, Chicago, III., against 
decision of the G. S.-T. in disallowing the claims 
for death benefit of Henry Emde. and his wife, 
Emma Emde, was considered. The G. E. B. referretl 
the matter to Bro. Cattermull for investigation. 

The appeal of Wm. Lake, Union No. 726, Y^onkers, 
against decision of Gen. Pres. Huber, was con- 
sidered. The G. E. B. sustains the decision of the 
Gen. Pres. 

The application of Union No. 308. Cedar Rapids, 
la , for official sanction and financial aid, «as con- 
sidered. The G. E. B. cannot sanctiuii or render 
financial aid to the preposed movement, inasmuch 
as the Uniou has not been organized one year, as 

required by law. , „ 

Tne application of Union No. 42, New Ruchelle, 
N. Y^, ior financial aid and official sanction, wa.s 
referred to the Gen. Pres, for investigation. 

The application of Union No. 429, Montclair, N. J., 
for official sanction and financial aid was considered. 
The G. E. B. sanctions the movement and defers 
action on financial aid for the present. 

The report of the members of the G. E. B. ap- 
pointed to visit Atlantic City on the evening of 
January 12th, to install the new Local Uniou there 
was received. 

Bros. Walz and Miller were appointed a commitiee 
to draft a Constitution along the lines of the Initia- 
tive or Referendum, to be submitted to the other 
meinbei*s of the Board and inserted in The Car- 

penter as per instructions. 

The G S.-T. reported that 1). J. (iallagher Co., 
printers of the official journal, were retiring from 
business, and submitted bids from other printing 
establishments competent to do the work. The (i. 
E. B. decided that the bid submitted by George W. 
Sibbons, 814 Walnut street, was the lowest, under 
[,uion condiions, and therefore the most acceptable. 

Following is a summary of the receipts and e.x- 
peiises for the <iuarter ending December 31, 1899 : 

Balance, October 1st . '. 'iM’IlfJ !n 

Receipts, October » 


“ December 13,314 68 

$47,932 30 


Expenses, October ^^3 320 02 

.. December 

§27,684 64 

Balance, January 1, 1900 $20,247 66 

The Board met at 7 o’clock, P. M. and in con- 
junction with the G.S.-T. and G. P. di.scusscd matters 
of interest to the organization, especially relating to 
work of organizing. 

The Board adjourned at 10 o’clock P. M., to meet 
April 9, 1900. 

J. R. Miller, 

JS’ z? 


P. J. McGuire, 

General Sec.-Trea^> 

Sam. L. Leffingwell of Indian- 
apolis, Ind., Typographical Union, 
No. I, is a candidate for the position 
of Vice-President of the Inter- 
national Typographical Union. 
There are many reasons why Mr. 
Leffingwell should be tendered the 
compliment of this favor. Entering 
Cincinnati Typographical Union No. 
3 in July 1850, he is nearing the close 
of a half century in an unbroken 
connec^n and untarnished fidelity 
and devotion to unionism. 

North Bros, “ Yankee Tools.” 

A glance at the advertisement of 
this firm on page ii of The Car- 
penter will show the variety of 
screw drivers and drills manufactured 
by them for the use of Carpenters, 
Cabinet Makers, etc. The material 
and workmanship are of superior 
quality in every detail, and as the^ 
are sold by leading dealers in tools 
and hardware, they can easily be 
obtained by skilled mechanics, who 
always need a first-class tool to work 

All Ratchet Screw Drivers here- 
tofore made possess one very serious 
drawback in practical use — that the 
friction in ratchet mechanism is so 
great that unless the screw is made 
tight in wood by some other m cans, 
the ratchet screw driver turns the 
screw out in its backward movement 
as fast as it is driven in by the forward 
movement of the driver. The 
screw is simply turned in and out — 
no progress made in getting in to its 
place. The blade of Driver instead 
of remaining at rest during the back- 
ward movement is carried back by 
the excessive friction of ratchet and 
pawls, and the screw with it, 
unless the screw is first driven tight 
enough in thewood to over-balance 
this friction. 

Most ratchet Drivers are quite 
noisy in their operation ; unhandy 
to change from right to left ; made 
in a quite limited range of sizes and 
too high in price to make them pop- 
ular. The “Yankee” ratchet 
Driver overcomes all these faults. 
The friction in rächet mechanism is 
so slight as to be hardly felt. The 
backward movement is as easy as 
in a good “stemwinder” and just 
as noiseless. When a screw is 
screwed in it stays where put and is 
not screwed out when the handle is 
turned out. The construction of 
ratchet and pawls is such that neither 
can bend or break, wear or get out 
of order, and permits a very com- 
pact arrangement, making the tool 
more convenient in size and shape, 
of less weight and also the making 
of smaller sizes of tools than have 
heretofore been made. 

The adjustment for right or left 
hand is exceedingly simple. For 
right hand, or to ratchet a screw in, 
push the slide to end of slot towards 
bit ; for left hand or to ratchet the 
screw out, push the slide towards 
the handle of the driver. If the 
slide is placed midway between the 
ends of the slot, the blade is held 
rigidly and the driver can be used 
as an ordinary screw driver with 
fixed blade. 

Carpenters and Joiners who desire 
a detailed knowledge of the other 
tools manufactured by this firm, 
should address North Bros., Mfg. 
Co. , Philadelphia, Pa. , requesting 
one of their descriptive cir- 
culars, which will be sent free. 
All our advertisers deserve the 
patronage of our members and their 
friends. < 

Agents for The Carpenter. 


454 . BK.S.SEMIÜK— G, M. Clotfelter, Brighton. 

75. Birmingham — E. E. Friselle, 1501 Fourth avo. 
422. North Birmingham, J. E. Wollenhaupt, 
Jjabor Adrocate. 

271. Gadsdkn— T. P\ Marlow. 

296. Enslky— W. B.Smith. 

312. Montgomery— T. J. Neal, 113 Robinson st. 

353 . “ (Col.) E. M. Lewis 810 Jeller- 

.son St. 

89. Mobile— W. Walker, 150 Chatham st. 

92. » (Col.) W. G. Lewis, 751 St. Louis st. 

410. Selma — (Col.) C. D. Haygood. 


366. Mena— O. D. Henley. 

86. Ft. Smith— T. C. Gardner. 


194. Alameda — C. H. Thrane, 2975 Johnson ave. 
332. Los Angeles- F. C. Wheeler, 352 Figerora st. 
426. “ — C. C. Ford. 623 W. 37th st. 

36. Oakland— C harles J. Jacobs, 1767 Grove st. 
235. Riversidi*:— Charles Hamilton, 277 5 th st. 

San Francisco— Secretary of Dist. Council. 
Wm. J. Kidd, 220 3d st. 

22. N. L. Wandell, 11331^ Mission at., Sla. B. 

95. (Latin) L. Maaarie, 44V4 Erie st. 

304. (Ger.) Chas. Goldbeck, 385 12ih st. 

423. (Mill) J. G. Fallon, 331 Duncan st. 

483. Guy Luthrop, 915K Market st. 

616. (Stair) J. W. Harlcios, 72J.^ Natoiiia st. 

316. San Jose — W. lieinhold, 8lh and Empire sts. 
162. San Mateo— N at. Smith. 

35. San Rafael— K. Scott. 

180. Vallejo — I. Christianson, .573 Kentucky st. 


S3. Halifax, N. S.— Geo. Bruwne, 12 Willow st. 
18. Hamilton— W. J. Frid, 18 Nelson st. 

249. Kingston, Ont.-tL. C. Robinson, 375 Bagot. 
134. Montreal— (Fr.) E. Frechette, 1736 St. 

255. Rat Portage, Oxt.— F. Mercier. 

413. Revekstoke, B. C.— 

38. St. Catherines- J ames Hindson, Henry st. 
220 . St. Thomas, ONT.-All>ert Mon i-«,-, Bo.\ 810. 
27. Toronto— D. D. McNeill, 188 Hamburg ave. 

617. Vancouver, B. C.— J. F. Christie, 631 

Richard st. 

343. Winnipeg, Man.— J. J. Moore, 636 McDermott 



















210 . 















68 . 









Boulder— J. C. Jetmore, 1939 Water st. 
Colorado City— F. E. Seward, Box :15 
Colo. Springs—!). R, Blood, 17 W. Foun- 
tain st. 

Cripple Creek- Sec. of D. C., Box 5, Macon 
P. O., lndei>eudence, Col. 

Cripple Creek— W. W. Lovett, Box 36-1 
Denver— D. M. Woods, 1451 Curtis at 
Independence— T. W. Reid, p. O. Box 5. 
OuRAA’— P. n. Shue, Box 549. 

Pueblo~M. L. Todd, 2720 Fifth ave 
V 1 ctor— C. E. Pal mer. Box 384. 


Bridgeport— Martin L. Kane, 509 Park ave. 
I)KRBY— John A. Thomas, Shelton, Conn 
Greenwich— F. W. Herber. 

Hartford- A lex. McKay, 33 Julius st. 

New Britain— a. L. Johnson, 114 Franklin 
New Haven— Wm. Wilson, 508 Chapel at 
New London— a. G. Keeney, 7 Wall st. 
Norwich— F. S. Edmonds, 293 Central ave 
Norwalk— William A. Kellogg. Box 391. 
Stamford— E. J. Crawford. 25 Franklin st. 
Toruington— I). H. Trcdwell, 2 Allen Block, 
K. Main st. 

Wateubury— J os, E. Sandiford, 27 N. Vino 


W ASiiiNGTON— T. K. Kenyon, 1415 Rhode 
Island ave., N. W. 


Bagdad— R. S. Robertson, Milton, Fla. 
Jacksonville— (C ol.) S. T. Minus, 6 O 8 West 

JB6CIV0]* stf 

“ A. C. MacNeil, 815 E. Church st. 
Pensacola.- J. A. Lyle, 316U W. Zawagossa. 
(Col.)— W. A. Woods, 16 W. Wright st. 
Tampa— C. B. Hester, 2407 Tampa st. 


Atlanta— (Cars) C. M. Hudson, 46 Eads .st. • 

“ Thos. J. Black, 71 McDaniel st. 

“ J. W. Cross, 6 Lloyd st. 

“ Secretary ol District ('ouncil, J. K. 
Stephens, 95 Lloyd st. 

Augusta— Secretary of District Council, J. 

R, Stephens, 95 Lloyd St. 

August.^— (Col.) T. P. Lewis, 1309 Philip st. 

*• W. M. Hare, 1927 Watkins st. 

“ J. A. Hires. 

Columbus— (Col.) P. C. Tinsley. 

“ M. C. Gorham. 

Macon— G. S. Bolton, .520 Elm st. 

“ (Col.) John N. Pitts, E. Macon. 

Rome — J. H. Denson. 

Savannah- W. E. Cooper, 17 Anderson st., 

(Col.) Thos. J*. Carter. :i08 Drayton at. 
Valdosta— J. M. Youngblood. 


Lewiston— F rank Muiray. 


377 . Alton— Thos. Oddy, 950 Union st. 

433. Belleville— Henry Sttdner, 605 S. Illinois. 
63. Bloomington— S. G. Cunniiigbaiu, 601 E. 
Mill st. 

70. Brighton Park— O. Gratton, 3809 S. 
Albany avenue. 

293. Canton— J. W. Poper, 4,31 N. ave. B. 

367. Centralia — W illiam Good. 

41. Champaign— 0. F. Miller, 407 W. Thomas. 
Chicago— Secretary of District Council, Thos, 
Neale, 187 E. Wa^h. st,. Room 7. 

1. W. G. Schardt, 189 E. Wush’g’n st.. Room 2. 

10. J. II. Stevens, 6029 Peoria st. 

13. T. J. Lelivelt, 1710 Fillmore st 

21. (French) P. Hudon, 207 S. Center ave. 

54. (Bohem.) John Dlouhy, l;l6(i S. Homan ave. 

58. William W. Bennett e, 1041 Roscoe st. 

181. K. Cr. Torkelson, 1614 N. Central Park ave. 

242. (Ger.) Herman Voell, 5114 Paulina st. 

416. Jas. Bell, 1310 W. 18ih PJ. 

419. (Ger.) Emil Demme, 2614 Drake ave., Sta. G. 
521. (stairs) Gust. Hansen, 732 N. Rockwell st, 

272. CHiCAtio Height.s— Ernest Green. 

204. CoFFEEN— Jas. Morgan. 






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ill 'll 



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V v' i'M'i' fivlS 


295. Collinsville— Jos. Vujtech, Lock Box 471. 59. 

269. Danvillic— E. A. Rogers, 9 Columbus st. 364. 

169. East St. Ix)UIS— E. Wendling, 512 III. ave. 46. 

378. Edwardsville— J. W. Wilkins. 226.* 

363. Elgin— W. A. Underhill, 358 Bent st. 

62. T^nglewood — D. D. Sinclair, 7124 Marsh- 

tield ave. 361. 

.360. Galesburg — Nels. Johnson, 436 Philip st. 7. 

141. Grd. Crossin«^ — J. Murray. 1299 E. 71st st. 266. 

174. Joliet — G. D. Kanagy,214 Willow st. 87. 

4.34. Kensington- (Fr.) Ed. Lapoiice, 214 W. 

116th bt. 

154. Kewanke — Chas. Winquist, 630 N. Elm st. 311. 

250. Lake Forricst— Willis Russell. 4. 

.3:46. La Salle — Jas. Noouan, 312 Tonte st. 48. 

568. Lincoln— J. E. Walker. * 110. 

270. Madison— J. P. Farley, Box 114. 3:48 

:447. Mattoon— Jas. E. Goodbrake, 1305 Broadway. 

241. Moline— Cha». Halley. 

80. Moreland — Jas. M. Parnie, 2011 Monroe st., 5. 

Chicago. .45. 

280. Mt. Olive — John Shreier. 47. 

661. Ottawa— J. D. Geary. 216 Deleen st. 73. 

183. Peoria — J. H. Rice, 402 Behrcnds ave. 257. 

195. Peru— Joseph Scholle, Box 155. 578. 

189. Quincy — F. W. Euscher, 1025 Madison st. 420. 

166. Rock Island— G eo. C. Barnes, 608 8th st. 

199. SouTU Chicago— J. C. Grantham, 1023 Eki- 

wards ave., Sta. S., Chicago. 88. 

16. Springfield- T. M. Blankenship, 41 3}^ E. 345. 

Jefferson st 11^. 

156. Staunton — Bernard Ackerman. 286. 

495. Streator — Edw. Kraske, 1112 S. Blooming- 153; 

ton st. 28. 

448.— J. Demerest, 719 County st 
418. Witt— C. Arraentrout 

INDIANA. li?: 

3V2. .\ndkkson— Ross E-«helnian, 609 Hendrix st 279. 

431. Brazil— Harry Goodin. 628 S. Franklin st. 

652. Elwood— W. A. Reynolds, P. O. Box 824. 

90. Evansville — Sami. Stork, 920 East III st 750. 

160. Gas City — G eo. Tribby, Box :163. 432. 

599. Hammond— Urvin Spafford, 422 Statiu ave. 

213. Hartford City— Geo. Sliger. 48G. 

60. Indianapolis— (Ger.) E. Chas. Newman, 121. 

543 Wegliorst st. 20. 

281. ** J. T. Goode, 308 W. Maryland st. 167. 

215. Laf.vyette — H. K. Kauffman, 1827 Salem st 687. 

365. Marion — J. M. Simons, 009 E. Sherman st. 265. 

380. Morocco- J. E. Manle^ 

592, Muncie — D. M. Winters, 535 S. Garkey st. 

4:46. New Albany — J. O. Vanwinkle, 908 Church st . 

629. South Bend — Geo. W. Guin, 318 W. Sample. 

205. Terre Haute— C. L. Hudson. 1926 N. 10th st. 

658. Vincennes — A. C. Pennington, King’s Hotel. 

INDIAN territory. 

445. Wagoner- Charles Allen. 


315. Boone — T. P. Menton, 1330 Boone st. 

534. Burlington— John Brener, 1341 Griswold st 
:i08. Cedar Rapids— C. A. Tracy, 615 S. 7th si. 

:464. Council Bluffs- L. P. Chambers. 

554. Davenport— H, W. Schweider, 1427 Mitchel. 

106. Des Moines- F. W, Keasey, 1503 W. 25th st. 

425. (Mill) J. M. Cornell, 819 East 12th st. 

678. Dubuque— M. R. Hogan, 299 7th .st. 

284. Fort Dodo k— A. S. Jenkins. 

319. Sioux City— J. W. Wolf. 


253. Argentine— M. Murphy, Box 347. 

123. lOLA— T. Birnbaum. 

138. Kansas City — Geo. McMullen, 8:46 Munce 

458 Lawrence — W. L. Hastie, 1113 Penn st 
499. Leavenworth- J. W. Kelly, 222 Chestnut 
158. Topeko— A. M. H. Claudy, 408 Tyler st 
201. Wichita — J. L. Taylor, 624 S. Market st. 


712. CrjviNGTON — C. Glatting, 1502 Kavauaugh st. 

785. “ (Ger.) B. Kampsen, 262 W. 13th st. 

442. Hopkinsville— .T as. Weston. 

103. Louisville — H. S. Hoffman, 17:47 Gallagher. 

214. “ (Ger.) J, Schneider, 1136 E. Jacob av. 

698. Newport- W. E. Wing, 386 Baum st 


New Orleans- S ecretary of Dist. C uncil. 

F. G. Welter, 2220 Josephine st 
76. .Aug. Limberg. 714 Foucher st. 

704. F. Duhrkop. 615 Cadiz st 
739, M. Joaquin, 1301 St. Roche ave. 

8.5. .Shreveport- C. B. Huflf, Box 261. 


285. Bath — Fi. C. Plummer, 97 Drummer st. 

459. Bar Harbor— R. Ober, Box 186. 

107. Lewiston — Geo. E. Lombard, 58 Goff* st, 

348. Watkrvillk— S. C. Burrill, 26 Summer st. 


29. Baltimore— W. H. Keenan, 9t)6 Asquith st 
1-1. “ (Ger.) H. B. Schroeder, 2308 Canion ave 


.39.5. Adams— Manly Sherman. 34 E. Horsac st. 

Bfk.STON— Secre'ary of Dist Council, H. Fogel, 

38 Dickens st, Dor. 

33. “ C. J. Gallagher, 158 Howard ave., 


438. Brookline— A. C. Wallace, 263 Pond ave. 

141. Cambridge— J. L. Mclsack. 78 Washington st 

143. CHKL.SKA— A. J. White, 125 Orange st 
:486. Dorchester— H. F. Campbell, 1048 Dorchester 

ave., Boston. 

218. E. Boston— C. M. Dempsey, 272 Meridian st. 

223. Fall River— E dward Gagne, 784 Walnut st. 

82. Havkrhili- — Geo. Frost, B<-x 401 
124. Hingham— H. E. Wherity, Box 113. 

:t90. Holyoke— J os. I^ebron, 7 Franklin st. 
l(K). Hudson — Geo. E. Bryant, Box 125. 

111. Lawrence- W ra. 0. Gemmel. 25 Crosby st 
370. Lenox— P. H. Cannavau, Box 27. 

48. Ix) well— Frank A. Kappler, 1413 Gorham. 

221. Marblehead— R. H. Roach, 9 Elm st. 

275. Newton— C. L. Connors, 10 Rutland st., 
Watertown, Mass. 

193. North Adams— J. J. Agan, 243 River st. 

351. Northampton— James J. Sullivan. 

144. Pitt.sfield — Chas. Hyde, 16 Booth’s Place. 

67. Roxbury— H. M. Taylor, 116 Whitfield st, 


.'’.07 . So. Framingham— Hugh Corney, 55 Hare- 
ford st. 

96. Springfield— (French) P. Provost, Jr., 715 
Liberty st. 

P. J. Collins, 1365 Stalest 

Saginaw— P. Frisch, 503 Ward st, E. S, 

F. C. Trier, 1721 Hancock st. 
Sault St. Marie— A. Stowell, 512 Cedar st. 
Traverse City— J ohn J. Tisdale, 318 7th st. 


Duluth— .John Knox Box 283. W. Duluth. 
Minneapolis— l^ar;« Suibee, 2601 So. 22nd st. 
Red Lake Falls— N. Holbcrg. 

St. Paul— N els Johnson, 707 Martin st. 


Joplin— J. R. Weeks. 

Kansas City — J. E. Chaffin, 2600 Park ave. 
Kirksville— Thos. S. Rice, E. Mo. st. 

St. Joseph — Wni. Zimmerman, 122:4 N. 13th. 

“ (South) Geo. W. Lewis. 

St. Ix)uis— Secretary of District Council, 

R. Fiielle, 60*1 Market st 
(Ger.) George Laux, 1041 Victor st 
(Ger ) W. L. WamhofT, 2608 N. 14th st. 

(Ger.) Chas. J. Hermann. 2712 Chippewa st 
Geo. J. Swank, 4428 Manchester ave. 

A. W. Ware, 2243 Howard st. 

(Stairs) Edw. Bruggeraann. 2624 Madison st. 
Webb City — W. S. Brauaietter. 


Anaconda— C. W. Starr, Box 2.38. 

Billings— J ohn Powers. 

Butte City— O. B. Church, Box 628. 

Great Falls — 0. M. Lambert. Box 92:4. 
Helena- H. F. Smith, 1119 5in ave. 
Missoula— Dave Graham. 


Lincoln— J. E. Walker, 702 Decatur st 
Omaha— M. N. McConnell, 2113 Grant st, 

S. Omaha— S. Spence, S. Omaha. 


212 . 






200 . 
































120 . 












201 . 















Westfikld-W. j. Powerteao, 87 Orange at 
Worcester— W. A. Rossley, 5 City view ave. 
“ (French) E. Girard, 2 Bernard 



Alpena— B. D. Kelley, 416 Tawasst 
Bay Öty— E. G. Gates, 218 N. Birney st 
Detroit— T. S. Jordan, 427 Beaufalt ave. 

“ A. Haak, 228 Eiskine st. 

Hancock— A. W. Stephens. 

Kalamazoo— H. Greendyke, 1003 N. Park st 
Marine City— W. L. Rivard, Box 379. 
Munising — A. L. Johnson. 

Muskegon- F. M. Starke, 11 Marshall. 

Mt. Vernon — Archie Hutchison, 16 South st. 

“ Jas. Beardsley, 26 No. 6th st. 

Newburg— .John Templeton, 159 Renwh^k. 
New Rochelle— John Thompson, 48 Walnut 

Newtown, L. I.— Peter A. Anderson, Box 13 
Corona, N. Y. 

New York — S ecretary of District Council. 

T. C. Wslsh, 528 E. 88th st. 

J. J. Hewitt, 303 E. 122d, care of Lawler. 

(Floor Layers) C. G. Johnson, Brown Place, 

J. C. Muller. 58 Perry st., New York City. 
(Jewish) Jonn Goldfarb, 330 E. 91st st. 

(Ger. Cab. Makers) Simon Kuehl, 224 1st ave. 
D. Vanderbeek, 138 W. 133d st. 

^er.) R. Mews, 213 India st. Greenpoint, L. T. 
Thos. Forrestal, 1494 Lexington ave. 

J. T. Breslin, 3360 Park ave. 

(Scan.) 0. Wallin, 24 W. 118th st. 

(Ger.) Vincent Sauter, 677 Courtland ave. 

Jas McGuire, 223 Delancey st. 

Wm. Trot! er, 358 W. cSthst. 

Wm. E. P. Schwartz, 107 Elm street, Astoria, 
L. I. 

Christian Winter, 3178 Park ave. 

(Ger.) .John Huber, 103 E. lOlh st, 

Emil Blooraqiiest, 155 E. 96th st. 

(Ger.) John H. Borrs, 535 E. 87th st, 

(Fr. Cj - “ - - 

AsnuuY Park— Wra. H. Carr, Box 897. 

Atlantic City— -F. J. Mullins. 

Bayonne — Morris Feldman, 484 Ave. C. 

“ — P. A. Miller, 13 E. 53 st. 

Bridgeton— J. H. Reeves, 145 Fayette st. 
Camden— T. E. Peterson, 430 Walnut st. 
Elizabeth— H. Zimmerman, 240 South st. 

“ (Ger.) John Kuhn, 11 Spencer st. 
Haoensack — E. M, Paton, h'irst and James 
st reel. 

Hoboken— A. Crothers, 131 Jackson st. 

“ (Ger.) H. Sievers. 400 Monroe st. 
Hudson Co., D. C. — D. W. Banks, 290 Sher- 
man avenue, Jersey City. 

Irvington— Chas. Van Wert. 

(Mill) John Hunt, 551 Grand st. 

Jersey City— Jos. G. Hunt, 440 Coiumuni- 
paw avenue. 

” (Framers) Aug. Zimmerman, 

57 Lexiugton ave. 

“ L. F. Ryan, 181 Ninth st. 

(J. C. Heights) Robert Hamilton, 202 Web- 
ster st, 

(Stairs) George Feinan, 225 Dodd st. 


Long Branch — C has. E. Brown, Box 241 Ix»ng 
Branch City. 

Milbukn — J, H. White, Short Hills. 

Millville — Jas. McNeal, 622 W. Main st. 
Montclair — Jas. McLeod, 141 Forest st. 
Morristown— C. V. Deals, Ixtck Box 163. 
Newark— Secretary of District Council, 

John P. Fleming, 175 Parker st. 

H. G. Long, 10 Davis st., E. Newark 
(Ger.) Heinrich Kachelries, 24 Jabez st 
Herrn Henry, 105 14th ave. 

A. L. Beegle, 122 N. 2d st. 

(Ger.) G. Arendt, 584 Springfield ave 
New Orange — Geo. E. Hawkins. 

Orange— F. Schorn, 22 Chapman st. 
Paterson— S. Sixx, 90 Water st. 

Passaic— Howard Bodine, 341 Bloom- 
field avenue, 

Perth Amboy— W. H. Bath, 33 Lewis st. 
PniLLii»sBURG — W. S. Garrison, 8 Fayette «t. 
Plainfield— Wm. H. Lunger, 104 Jackson 

Roselle— Edward P. Man non. 

Sommervillk— Andrew Paff. 

Trenton— Albert N. Ck)rnisb. 129 Brunswick 

Union Hill — (Ger.) .T. Worlschek, 721 .\dam 
st., Hoboken. 

Westfield— John Goltra. 

\Vf:st Hoboken— Charles Diedrich, 2:i4i n\., 
West, New York. 


274. Albany— L. B. Harvey, 492 3d st. 

559. “ (Ger.) II. Balfoort, 248 Second .st. 

6. Amsterdam — Chas. Knapp, 239 W. Main st. 

2,53. Auburn— E). B. Koon, 116 Franklin st. 

24, Bat.vvia — Gebherd Wassink, 19 Sever i-lace. 

33. Binghampton— B. W. Taylor, 13 Exchange st. 
310. (Mill) — E. P. Safl’ord, 21 Rutherford st. 

Bronx — Secretary of District Council, F. E. 

Quipp, 257 Marion st., Wakefield. 

Brooklyn — Secretary of District Council, J. 
A. Brown. 1743 Atlantic ave. 

12. Gustavua Zeibig, 390 Cleveland ave. 

32. (Ger. Cab. Mkrs.) Aug. Gleiforst, 18 Ellery st. 
109. Edw. Tobin, 502 Schenck ave.. Sub. Sta. 4:t. 

126. M.J. Casey, 85 Newell st. 

147. Martin Pearson, 368 Miller ave. 

175. W. F. Bostwick, 333 Roebling st. 

Chas. D. Monroe, 42 St. Mark ave. 

M. Spence. .342 Madison st. 

(Ger.) Richard Kuhnel, 65 Myrtle ave Ever- 
green, L. I. 

S. E. Elliot, 1295 St. Mark’s ave. 

Wm. Carroll, 792 Bergen st. 

F. Brandt, 361 5th st. 

H. B. Paterson, 212 53rd st. 

Bufallo — Secretary of District Council, 

Miles Little, 17 Pooley st. 

W. H. Wregritt, 81 Edward st 
(Mill) Adolf Graupner, 75 Marshall st 
(Ger.) E. Ulrich, 38 Ro>*czer ave. 

E. O. Yokom, 19 Ferguson ave. 

J. II. Myers. 83 Landon st 
Carthage- A. M. Peltier, Watertown. 
Clayton— Chas. Pierce. 

Cohoes — A. Van Arnam, 22 George st. 
College Point— G. A. Pickel, 5th ave. and 
11th st 

DirNKiRK— Edward L. Gunther, 715 Lamphere 

81. Far Rocka way— F red. Bazin Cedarhurst. 

323. Fishkill-on-Hudson— J ohn F, O’Brien. 

714. Flushing— Malachi Kennedy, 138 New 
Locust st. 

187. Geneva — W. W. Dadson, 26 Hollenbeck ave. 
229. Glens Falls— Chas. Taylor, 8 Charlotte st. 
149. Irvington — Robert Brown, Hastings-on- 

357. IsLiP, L. I. — F. E. Woodhull, Bay Shore. 

603. Ithaca — E. A. Whiting, 8 Auburn st. 

66. Jamestown— O. D. Smith, 794 E. Second st. 

40: Kingsbridoe— John E. Forwhay, 864 Union 
ave., New York City. 

Kingston — E. C. Peterson 15 Sub Station. 
















2 . 


















202 . 

(Fr. Canadian) Geo. Menard, 218 E* 74th st. 
Chas. Camp, 2^ W. Ic8 st. 

(Ger. Millwright and Millers) Henry Maak, 
357 Linden st., Brooklyn. 

Niagara Fall.s — F. M. Perry, 630 23d st. 
North Tonawanda — Chas. Pohzehl, 142 

Nyack— R. F. Wool, Box 493. 

Oneonta — C. W. l^urnside, Walling ave. 
Pekkskill — T. J. Gallagher, 25 Williams st. 
PoRTCHESTER— Stephen Stephanson, Box 150. 
Poughkeepsie— F. Quarterman, 113 North 
Clinton st. 

Queens Co., Secretary of D. C- John J. Lyons. 
Woodside, L. I. 

Rochester — H. M. Fletcher, 71 Champlain st. 
“ (Ger.) Tobias Kraft, 20 Joiner 

“ John Buehrle, 30 Buchan Park. 

Sayville, L. I.— E. Townsend. 

Schenectady — Henry Bain, 328 Craig st. 
Staten Island — Secretary Dist. Council, 

J. W. Sheeean, 174 Broadway, West New 

Port Richmond — J. Keenan, 238 Jersey st. 
New Brighton. 

Stapleton — P. J. Klee, Box 555. 

Stein way, L. I.— Wm. E. Hunt, 305 E. 76 th 
St., New York. 

Syr.\cusic— Secretary of District Council, 

D. C. Parke, 537 Renwick ave. 

(Ger.) J. R. Ryan, 209 Van Buren. 

E. E. Bnttey, 517 E. Genesee st. 

Chas. Silvernail, 626 Vine st. 

Troy— J. G. Wil-on, Box 65. 

Tuxedo — Thos. Hopkinsou, Box 22, Suffeni, 
N. Y. 

Utica— W. A. William.s, 23 Grove place. 
Watertown — Robt. Parham, 55 Stone st. 
Westchester — Frank Vanderpool, Blondell 

Whitesboro — David S. Williams, Jr. 
Whitestonk— Geo. Belton, Box 8. 

Williams, Bridge- A. Hutchinson, 16 South 

324. Woodside, L.I. — Louis Vilahauer, 47 Maple st, 
273. Yonkers— E. C. Hulae, 

726. “ F. M. Tallmadge, 216 Elm st. 


384. Asheville — G.C. Lumley. 51 Blanton si. 


84. Akron — B. F. Obert,428 E. Buchtel ave. 

17. Bellairk— G. W. Curtis. 3638 Harrison st; 

170. Bridgeport— John D. Glenn, Box 41. 

245. Cambridge— V. C. Ferguson, 937 Stuben- 
ville ave. 

143. Canton— Chas. A. Rimmel, 525 McKinley 

Cincinnati— Secretary of District Council, 
B, Bolmer; 3446 Burnett ave. 

J. H. Meyer, 23 Mercer st. 

Little Falls— T. R. Mang;m, 142 W. Monroe. 
Lockport, N. Y.— W. a. Plant, 225 Lincoln 

Ix)NG Island City — Jos. Kessler, 5 Bee Bee 

(Ger.) August Weiss, 969 Gest sU 
(Mill) H. Brinkworth, 1315 Spring st. 

A. Berger, 4229 Fergus st. 

D. J. Jones, 2228 Kenton st, Station I). 

Jos. Lang, Box 301, Carthage. 

J. P. Lu^ey, 2427 Bloom st. 

Cleveland — Secretary of District Council, 
Jos. Schraedel, 83 Prospect st. 

11. 11. L. Lepole, 18 Poe ave. 

14. John H. Koehler, 188 Marcy ave. 

39. (Bohem.) V. Plechaty, 45 Jewett st 
393. (Ger. ) Theo. Welhrich, 16 Parker ave. 

449. (Ger.) Wm. Schulz, 35 Conrad st 
61. Columbus— A. C. Welch, 1127 Highland st 
104. Dayton— J ohn Wehrick, 306 Linden st 

_ ‘‘ (Ger.) Jos. Wirth, 234 Hawker st 
338. E. Liverpool— A. P. Cope. 

294. E. Palestine— E. H. Warner 

637. Hamilton— A rthur Sims, 729 Shillate st. 

182. Lima— D. E. Speer 114 E. Second st. 

70.3. Lockland— c. E. JHertel. 

356. Marietta— J. O. Smith,’ 510 Charles st. 

404. Painesville— J as. McConnell. 

650. Pomeroy— E. D. Will 
437. Portsmouth— C. Thoman, 110 Campbell ave 
186. STEUBENVILLE-Geo. E. Simcral, 101 S. 5th. ' 
24.1. Tiffin — R. S. Dysinger, Hedges st. 

25. Toledo— A ugust Smith, 633 Missouri st 

Morlock, 1203 Page st. 

171 . \ OUNG.STOWN-W 8. Stoyer, 914 Vernon st. 

-16. 2:ANESViLLF^Fred. Kappes, Central ave.. 
lOth Ward. 


276. Oklahoma— C. E. Ballard, Box 131. 


50. PoRTi^ND — David Henderson, Portland, Ore 
Box 548. ' 


Ardmore— E dgar Maxwell, Bryn Mawr 
Allegheny City-J. A. Robeitson, Dl’Boyle 

(Ger.) A. Weizman, 66 Troy Hill road 
BkavfJ“ ’2^® Chestnut st. 

** BrlKhtra*~*' 

Bradford — T. C. Graham, 159 Hills'de ave 
Chester- E ber S. Rigby, 5l6 E. Fifth st 

!• Hannan. & N 

Piltsburghst ii. 

Erik— 1). L. Shields, 916 W. 42nd st 

VaVli"“’ ®» »C 

GebmInto^'i ■ V «50 Paul «. 

Greknsb,^^?1^h®b»“5 ''''"' Huval st. 

HARmsBUR^Iw“R K- ^ Concord st. 

«AZLE10N— Wm. Kimmel, 118 S. I.aurel st 


211 . 












122 . 




T T Box 52'- 1 

HoMESTEAD-^dwin sj,! chei« er 1 

Lancaster— E dw. O. ' 

Nanticokf.— Freeman 1 

Mt. Jewett— Thos B. 'V hit . j,ve. 

New CA.STLE-W. E* Vloner. ’ 

New Kensington— j. U- ^ 

Peckv™ w. J. McK^v^ P" 


Watson. 2618 
Peter McLaughlin^, ‘-21« ^ 

(Kensington) John V^atso , 

Station K. ^ Uoiirth 

(Ger.) Joseph. Oyen, 814 \ .“^e. • 

Elmer G. Erwin, 2016 «dl 

(Mill) F.Schroy, 4603 Girard 8^ ^*ouo 

Pittsburg — Secretary . j;, E. 

Alfred Madden. ®nn ate., 

if. G. Schomaker, 1302 ^ 

(Ger.) P. Gcck. 9 Lookout AH 7 j 
E.End) H. 

G. W. McCausland IJO Lainbe 
W. J. Richey, 1601 f a»*son st. 

J. M. Richard. 159 xMayHowersi 

A CifZA j4T.a 

« i'l, XklL-lJAIV*, 






(Ger.) Louis Pauker, 

Ward. , , fjK Oak ®t. 

r4VM™?7V0s' Hl'mllb, BO* 

Sharon-S. S. Cairey,50 Elm » 

Taylor — Geo. Wicks, Box 
Vandkgrift— J. ,„«i 

Weissport, lo9 

Wilki<:s-Barrk— B. F. 63 peflO 

WiLKINSBURG— Chas. \Vest st- 

York— I. I. Snydenen,301 iN* 


Newport— J. J. 

Pawtucket— J. B. Parque , 

Falls. . _ „...MPn.97 


AiKKN— J. A. GreeiJ. pinkney, 

Charleston— (C olO Jj'h" ^ jer- 

Henry Oliver. Jr , 55 ^iburn 

Columbia— (C ol.) J- 

Gkorg^*:town— K. «i. 

J. P. Westberry, U*-« Lumber 
Langley— S. C. Holman. 

SuMiFR — A. I). Nelson. 


EAi) City — AV. E. McGiuians, 


















Chattanooga— J. Millsops, 

Jackson— J. O. K. 


Memphis, l>X.-0. A' . c«r- *' 

Mempiiis7(Co1.) 1>. H- "“J . 

and Austin R J, ars. 

■• J. E. AVright, fi josepl* * 
Nashville-J.AV. Bridges, <»' •’ 

TEXA5. ^ „e, 

Austin— W. G. Barden werper, 
Bf.aumont— H. Marble. 

Cleburne— R. ‘ 

Corsicana— J. N. 299* „ 

DALLAS-Wm. Watkins. 3J5 . 

Dknlson— W. W. Neighbour, 

Gandv st. „ .wiorliue, , 

Fort Worth— J. M. Kend ’ 

Planing Mill. Distfic* e y 

Secretary, r22l a 

H. L. Weinberg. 1- ,A 

•)o‘M Avenue I /Y-, hot. 


H. U 'Veinhe--;v 
J. E. Proctor, -2924 Avenue P/i ^, bd 

(Ger.) Ferd.* Dittmaun 

sts. ^ r'ftoitol ,, 

Houston— E._S hoop^^lf’ ^ b»'** 

ORANGE — C. B. Payne. 
San Antonio — (Ger.) 1 








3 : 31 . 




'"'"'brana 8t. 


623. Waco— A. E. Widmen La»^’^ 

UTAH. ^ 

4.50, Ogden— R ichard Trester, 2-2 
184. Sa lt Lake City-A. Tracy, 


St. Albans— D. R. Beeman, 24 ^ 


Danvillb-W. K. Anderson. 
Lynchburg— R. L* Lanieh 
Newport News— H. Jen ^ «igist- 
-r T»ioen 127 " at. 

Newport News— J. C. Fi^ Cburj^^' jy 51 
Forfolk-H. W. Allien, -87 
Petersburg— J. E. Bonn . ,t 

Portsmouth— W m. F®*’^ 

Richmond — D. A. Lacy, 1 


Seattle— G eo. W. 

West and Virginia (jaD 

Spokanr-J. a. Anderberg, 


Chester— R. A. Finley, «enoti“ 

Clarksburg — J. W. Jj, 428^®jt- 


Green Bay— M. 90O * -t, 

Kenosha— 0. i*"- 

Lake Geneva-C. B. Co»»** 

Madlson— C arl Gruendlo , 

Milwaukee— Secretary ? di«K>n 

L. J. Fellenz, 

(Ger.) John Dettman, 1069 ^221 yU« 
(Millwkrs.) W. Trautmano, 

Auit. J. Hagen,781 S4lh B-HuV 

8. Milwaukee— Henry ^ che®^J 

(Ger.) Ang. Behrniunn. »ve- 

(Ger.) John Betiendorf..'?^ ..field »t, 









Sheboygan— r . 

Waukesha — Geo. 


Diamond’ 4 LLE — H. C. TopP 





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CON TKNTS.- Part I. 



(jhapter I. General de»*:rip!ion of Halloon Frames, 
Framed .>iiU and the«r r.<>iistriKcion. 

Chapter 11 . First floor fleams or Joists, Story 
Sei.tioiis, Se«a>rid Flo»>r Ifeams. Studding, Fr sming ot 
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Chapter l.rT r out and Working Bal oon 

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i hapter I\'. [.aying out First and Second Floor 
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wv 'fe— — 

P.\K r II.— ** Roof- Framing." 


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Chapter 1 . <»eneral 1 »es* riptions First Story Fire- 

t hapter I. (»eneral 1 »es* riptions rirst :>ior} 
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( hapter 11 . '«ec"nj and Upper Story Hearns, Par- 
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titions, r.ndgmg and .Angular hraming. 

Chapter III. Fireprciofing Wood Floors PartitioBt 
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< hapter IV. Roofs, Bulkheads and Fronts. 

( hapter V, Wood and Iron Construction. 

(.iliapter \ I. Heavy Beams and (iirders and Rais- 
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Chapter VI 1 How to Frame a Log Cabin. 

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Th« riaxtblo HUwl Fao« of thl» Dane ran bo ma 4 e oono*^ 
or ouuTOB, by Uirumg Iho Bcrow wbicli im attucUod tu lU eBiitrto 

N 0 . 8 O. Circular Plano, Nlckrl I’liitul. IJ In. Cutter. |4.0# 

union made stoves 


I7IVSS MV ^AsrT>*-tiN'i 

iSn Ilrra— ••• 

fCA CS^\ Till* Ul'«l U printrd In *>Urk lok on II«U1 blu» 

♦ |i||||| —II I paper, and It |i«i(ed on the cigBr-bog. Don’t mix 

Th»* »hur« iJibe! Is lsiue*l by the Iron Moulder» u up with the IT. 8. KevBnue l»bel on the box, »» 

. . A . k. A «...I AM*. »11 aS._ i. »kf • «In»i1»p rrtlnV Se<l tll»t 

Till* »hur« iJlbel is issueu ny iiie iruu muuiui-r« u up wun me u. c». iseveiiuo i»ur* «*• a***^- — 

Union of Nurili \ meric», »iid c»u b« found on »11 the totter Is nearly bf a simitor color »H«e th»t 
union male stoves, r»nges and iron caalliiga. li < ig»r M»keni* Blu« Ubel »pp«»ar« on th« box 
. .1 .... «till !■ namled Oil all union fv..«»« wKl«*h ar« aArved. It Insures ToU sgaiiitt 

union male st«»vea, ranges ana irwu iMitug». j» < igur .visaer» mue iA»uei — 

Is pniiled «»n while p»pcr»tid I» pasted on »11 union from which you »re »erved. Il Insures yuu «g»in»t 
iiiatle sloTos, r»iig»»a »nd c»tlliig». Cliltiese-mal« clg»rs »nd i«iiem«nl-in»dc g.>odr^ 


il tf HOfT^UNITEOBRtw mg^ 

Or The Uwitip Stactb». 

0^ t 


The most popular house door hanjjcr on the market — because it 
is made right. Tlie frame is ALL STEEL •'»nd substantial. 1 he 
wheel is con.structed on mechanical principles, has a fibre treail and 
runs true. Ask for Lane Hangers and send to us for catalogue. 







Poughkeepsie N. Y. 

422-454 Prospect St 



Makers of Highest Grade Hammers 


Be«t Material. Best Shape, Best Finish 

Adze Eye Nail Hammers 


This U>M*1 Is 
i Allied under 
Authority of the 
iiiU*rn At lull at 
Ty|K»KrA|i h ItA I 
Union and *»f thr (ierman TypoMraiihia. The 
lai)e) is used on ail newa|u|»er and hook work. It 
always hears the name and location of where the 
print i nit work Is done. 



An Tnd^a UnicMilsIa arc roquaaM to aak Ibf t 
IhoUbol of the Journeyman Tallora* Tnlon. and 
tealaloo having It when they orooi any oioUiiBg 
^aoB a merdiant taliur. It hs to be found In the 
iMida hreaat pocket of tke oeat, on Iho nudet I 
Ada nf the buckle atrmp of the veai. and on tbe I 
waJatband lining of tbe panta It la printed In 
Maak Ink cm whiia llnan, wiur Aie weeda ** Jour 
DiJBanTalloiv* Hnlooc# A.(oaH«a*»in ted lag la 
%oo^feti rvieane a « loa lot 

vJesse Oox 


Howard IV!. Oox 


\W will iiiiikp you to iinlrr a 
lik%< rut aluivr, with your |»i* 
naiiif tlirrt*or«. with «a 

Hollar, or u liig t wo lHaHt*«! < i 
Kijil'e with (veriiiiiii niUrr < 
ImiiHlf*. 7Ö c**iitH, or tori^Hi* ‘«h' 
ouct Hollar. HliiHta * 

liunl wo4nI roping. 

E. IXKKWtM)!) 

ISO I’oplnr SI. t’hpl*'-' 


La Saite and Washington Sts. 

Connecliont In Wathington. D. C. 

Made up with r<tef*l Mortise l^'^ks. .^teel Slidiiitc Boor 
1/o<*ks, Fn»nt Boor L<H*ks, roltimhla L<x*ks, Riis.«- 
wio I’in-Tiinibler LtH'ks. 

First Olmss Books. 


Paa«» !»• » 

ine Ait»eO 
of lebM 


MiMle !•*>• 

rhli li^ 

SoDBSv OABTunar amd Hoilo 
Hylreatar ( 

PaiOB Hoo*. Bodgaon | 

ran htul H^oaeb. asd Mow t»» rag lx 

^siE-RriLomci MADg Ramv. H«Nlgaon • 
SawD Raiu»« Sadb Rasy 
Tm m Oa BrBeTBE*a aed Bunjogaa Ooh- 

A M^aaa K J. MoOvfgg, < 







1 II L. 



-Vvr-rs'- . 




fl ’ • V-/ J 

A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Boilders, Machine Wood Workers, Planinr Mill Men, and Kindred Interests. 

VOL. X> .—No. 2. 
Establis ed 1881. 

PHILADELPHIA. FEBRUARY, 1900. 1 single cSjMesf 5 Ctl.''' 



The Two Plungers 
do the Work : 

One Holds the Blade 
The Other Sets the 


The Most Perfect Set Ever Made 


Patented and 

^ OctoW 81 , 189 t ACCUEATE 


Made in Three Sizes, Large, Medium and Small Polished 


HENRY DIS5T0N & SONS, Philadelphia, pa. 

Sold by ail Hardware Dealers 

Polished Finish Only 


Tli*^Mf«i»dH of thu tool btv« 
boos Mid, AOd lh#f AfP blfhlf 
MMmtodod Uj ALL who qm 

Ir jrour liAravHr« dealer dost 
oot haodle tbrm. don*l take aa 
loferlor «et becauM Doat oa# 
Mft. ** ira Juat aa g«*od.** 


9 to 15 MURRAY ST, 
yatr york 

IZC os brass 



Carpantar and Hallderi vitlioat iiaaiB power caw 
•uroaaaAilla 0(*iii|'ete with Ilia large bh«>|ta by 
ualiif <iur Sew l.ab«>r sating Machiaary 

Snid aw rVtai .Heiwf /ar Oüa/uyt*# A 

have done much to build 
up our great trade on 


Overalls and Pants. 

We Thank you. 

Sea that Keyttont? It's on the Ticket 

19th year In bualnesa and nevei 
had a strike ; that’s our 
labor record. 

Cleveland & Whitehill Co., 

Newburgh, N. Y. 





if M'rt/er Si. 


r Si. .Sewe, j / .V (\S A. 

W. S. Thomson. 

MAPofkatmFaa eS 




Tho Beet DilntanB an Earth 

^ sg atooa, iaiparta a Sne adge. * op io two tradaa-i. aoft 

oporao-giit ard hard medtum-Sna-grlt. Rarh aioaa lahalled, tclllnf whcthar hard 
^ aoft, and gwaimiiteod to gtae ahaolato aattafaotloB. The aame atone made la 
. ^loiiatallpaaadallapactalaliapaa All leading hardware d^lara. 

^ loohUpron the enhlect of ollatooca, how to aelect a^ uaa them, eontalnlng a 
the ollatoaaa on the market, how to aelacl them for different purpoeea, what kind 



$dlM millto. $4tn. DMr, Iliad, 

Btad. Coaaat aad Sroott Cattm 


Beat, Btralfht, Tnrtoty. Haaldlaf and Cat* 
tan MOTory daMnptl«i and Steel 
Catter Haai Bella 

4)8-420 W. 27th. St. NEW YORK 

AU Ordora hp MaH Frwmptiy Attandod to 

Sworn Circulation of THE GAEPENTEB 

33,000 COPIES MONTNir 

Best Advertising Medium for Tool Manufacturers, Wood 
Working Machinery, Hardware, Lumber and Baildiag 
Materials. Also of Special Advantage to Contractaw; 
Arohiteots and Business Men. 

' - 






KittlinAiM on HlBKla Machln«# or KquIpaoaBla 
eb«‘orfully furnUhOit. 

Wo. f. Tasiitt Wood Wokkbe. 

▼•luiblc machine for Carpentera, 
Mldera, Saab. Door and Blind Makera, etc., 
■•n it you can periorm a Yartety of work 

Ask for ** Wood Worker ” CstalogNO. 

J. A. Fay & Co., 

or EVERY description 

If In *..4 •! noTthlot In oar llu. ^ 

a«ur. orlUi you. M wo mo ao.t 
aare yow nonay. 

Illuitrsted 312 pose oatslogHe ^9. ^ 
have good aso for it. 

0.7 W you can penorm a rartety oi work 
would otherwtae require the uae of 
■wral machloea. 

514*534 W. Front St. 

No. 1 p! ANFB. .M ATk HKM A^ D MortMl. 
Plaoea, oue aide. 1*4 inchra wide by 6 luchea 

Matches li tnchea wide , 
an invaluable machine f^rr a »fnall or uiedloai 
tiled tboi,*. 

The Egan Company, 

406*4 JO W. Front Atreet, 






Wloa julbao. 

iotemalional Thia U Ckw Leakal af Uto 
d ? J«urna*yroAn lUkem aiid 

under their 

uT^^\V\rA ****^**'*’*^oniU Lnton ft I« 
E P»*t*»t-d on while pai« r it 

P P biaa k ink ai.ii la paeUMi oi. 

tllLcil^iT£H£I> Ifnsmii# 

dmlh Uo hwiE bourn ami Ww 
war«« In hakaiw* alaYe aana un^arcYouad 


•seful to all mechanics, carpentem eape* 
cially, ami lieing very amail can I'ecarnetl 
in the vest pvCket. Cut i« two-th ini.*» act- 
ual size. .\sk votir hanlw-are dealer for it 
and see that it 1 >ear»i the stamp of F. Brals 
A Co. For further information atldres* 

T. BRAIS Sl go- 
366 KlrtUmd Street Clevelini« Okie. 
Price • - - 26 Cents 

The New System 


li Architecture 

1 BA ArcblUN*turnl I> r A . ! r, * 

A Meaui.K.ltNMrirni M* . «n* 

J 6 /J 1 ‘ y < - It nl i’IvU nifl %\ f I 

K<»if*n»er 1 t>a ; li r * .• .« 
rtfflj Hu r Y ey li»a : rb#u .ir>. 

' ^1 li 1 *'VS Piumtitnc. ii>iiik 

AAy t “--llM* >*horihand; Kb»,. ou* 
J§d:P I Airanchra 

Over 50 Courwe« 

W« hA«« lboonan«U in lHoft«r t- ■ t.t ' 

• n<l AAinri»« .s-cnl for fr>*« <ir<-ul«ro. 

II.« •ilijM. i in oibtoh y«*u nr* tutrrp*» 

tuB iJUBARiriuiAt coaaanruBaait ■ a« iiwuia, 

H«i loaa. Moirnninn, Pa. 


In Material, in Finish, in Cutting Quaiitios 

Warranted the Best 




' t’’ 



in made here in Philadelphi« anti is uae« 

everywhere hy wise people. It la 

anti it is thehest furnace hccauac it umre 

heat to the .square inch than any other luriiA. r 
made Its uniqne 
construction rendert 
this p<»s«tilde. 

** NInU ahovt Heating ** 
will ifiteresi and help yon. 

It IS Fkkk. 


Tim only UNIOS MADE Hand, Baek^ and Panel Sawsg maaufiietiired 
In the United Hfatea^ are made bj 



E. C. Atkins & Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

See the following, from Carpeaters' I'niooN : 

To tk» Carpeaterm of tho Valtod atatem aad Canada t 

* 5 “* “'® l>v E. C. Atkins & 

” Indtanapolla, Ind., are atrlctly UNION MADE UOODS. 
mma are lira' -claaa In quality. 

Uiih^^ loatnictcd to algn this certificate by our respect I vo 

I La^penttti Union So, 6», indianapoUx, Ind, 


^titdeni Car ponton Union So indianapoUx, Ind 
V Thik Bpao« U paid for by Saw Makars’ Daloo ^ 

** *®eiaoapolls, lad. 

in Fhila* 

nSSSSs^^^ the excelsior range 

niAde tn srven sizM und every conoeiviihle rtyle It 
has been kmiwa to Fhiliklelphi. housekeeper, lor the 
pRst years as the Tcry be.«»t rant« 

*' *•'« »>«ii for a small, rom- 

ifiof SHEPPARD & CO., »^AKeRs 

1801 North Fourth Streot PhlladelphlA 

TOWER 8c LYOISI 9,'t ChimberN Htreet 


Corrugoted Pace or Mmootb Pore 
l'l'Ml‘<'red Rubber lland:eg or Enameled 
^ ^«»»4 llHodles 


P^RMlairtMl. T.«tad Toagh Taap.r. e<>iid Tantlad BoUur. H.a.y M.ll P.rala. Pl,ud llaa4I.. 


' .^3 

Be aare the trade mark d UMPIOR U on eneh hUde. 


▼ DoBlga. 

Is given all around when the house 
trimmed with Sargent’s Hardware. Tii' 
Architect is pleased because he spe 
tied it : the owner is pleased each tirr 
he looks at the trimmings because th*' 
add so much to the beauty of the hon' 
and everybody is pleased with the wor 
Ing of Sargent's Easy Spring Locks 

Sargent & Company, 

Makers of Artistic Ifardwaio and Pine Lo« ks, 

Htw York ; and Ntw Haven, Cniua 


I ;'W*1 

5 ” 

A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planingr Mill Men, and Kindred» Interests. 

P XX.-No. 2. I 

1881 . r 


I Fi 

( Sin 

Fifty Cents per Year, 
gle Copies, 5 Cents. 

Chicago Building Trades 

art' ^ of the building trade 

1q threatened for quite a 

time by the Chicago contractors, 

o" <h= i 7 th i»;. 

Out labor headquarters there 
vel^ Rood feeling over the de- 

so far as it 

Da Secretary E. A. 

cil Building Trades Coun- 

that Mr. Studebaker 
str the work on his new 

the l^iod up, and when 

of , proceed with it, the direction 
^en ^ loft to the union 

‘ was taken to mean that 


of was only an illustration 

^ont argument that the 

a middleman whose 
could be dispensed with, 
or^ ^ ^so that the national 

Coun of the Building Trades 

announced to all its or- 
an they must put forth 

froi^ Pk^ 

joy ^^^Ro, was another cause for 
l^ho union men. The 
comes from the sec- 
copi^ ^ f-ouis, and 

ovo|. being sent broadcast 

th^p^r^ country. This action on 
Was national organization 

thor^ about by the fact that 

in Appeared advertisements 

men of several States for 

^ 1 trades to come to Chicago. 

Materi^ of the Building- 

^ecid^j ^^^^cs Council it was 
Buil(^i ^^^nd by the fight of the 
is Trades Council. This, it 
^Or niakes the fight harder 

'^hici^ h ,^^^^^^otors' Association, 

^rry ^ announced its decision to 

*^en. w ^^Bciing with non-union 
''^ill pj^ men deplane they 

"'hecg n'”^ niaterial in buildings 

qjj ’^'Union men are employed, 
*^*rry of the contractors to 

”'^*»bers *^^*^*’^ *"on not 

of J.L '■^0 unions will result in 
'*'^f®riai ^^otories, where building 
P'or P^^opared, being tied up. 
^^'cagQ ^ yoars the workingmen of 
t' preparing for the 

K oflic^ f^oder the advice of 
• iisaod men have deposited 

in dollars of their earn- 

Qi ®^'^mgs institutions. The 
j L ^ ’- dons say that the 

beei' preparing for a 

clash, and that the Building Trades 
Council of Chicago is now the 
strongest and best organized labor 
body in history. 

The following manifesto has been 
issued by the Building Trades 
Council, and explains the actual 

“To the public : In view of the 

many misleading statements appear:, 
ing recently in the public press in 
relation to the labor troubles and the 
attitude of the several trades unions 
affiliated with the Chicago Trades 
Council, we are desirous that pros- 
pective builders and owners should 
hear our side of the controversy. 

“We are willing to furnish our 
services to whomsoever needs them 
in the erection and construction of 
buildings, irrespective of whether 
they are members of contractors 
association or not, the only ^stipu- 
lation we make being that union 
conditions shall prevail on the build- 

“ That this course is objectionable 
to the contractors who desire the 
different unions to enter into absolute 
-Agreements to work for no one not 
a member of their association, is 
evidenced by their action in notifying 
their members that any member 
signing an agreement with a trade 
union as an individual shall be fined. 

“At the present stage of our 
industrial development, when capital 
is being concentrated with the object 
in view of reducing the cost of pro- 
duction, capitalists engaging in the 
building industry are beginning to 
realize that the contractor is an un- 
necessary middleman, that the work 
can be done directly by the journey- 
men, thus saving the profits of the 
contractors, that the work is better 
done because the incentive to slight 
is not there, and consequently the 
contractor is making a last desperate 
effort to maintain his position, which 
has no place in the industrial field. 

“ It has been stated that we abso- 
lutely refused to arbitrate. This is 
a mistake. We have not done so. 
In fact, most of the agreements now 
in force provide for arbitration, and 
we mean to live up to those agree- 

‘ ‘ We do, however, refuse the 
arbitration which says we must abso- 
lutely refuse to work for any one no.- 
a member of a contractors’ asso- 
ciation, thereby compelling owners 
and others friendly to us to pay 

tribute to Csesar. This, in substance, 
is the arbitration offered us, and we 
again reiterate our previous state- 
ment that we will work for any one 
paying our wages and complying 
with our conditions. 

“ Some of the contractors^ asso- 
ciations^^have endeavored to enter 
into combinations with mill-owners 
and material-men to induce them not 
to furnish material to anybody out- 
side of their association. Many have 
been forced into the organization 
through this If the material- 
men on one hand refused to supply 
material, and labor, on the other 
hand, refused to work for an out- 
sider or use outside material, they 
have the owner at their mercy. That 
is their real object, as was plainly 
intimated to the members of the 
joint arbitration committee when dis- 
cussing the Madden scheme of arbi- 

“As an illustration of this, through 
an understanding with material-men, 
a member of the Master Mason’s 
association is enabled to purchase 
brick at $i a thousand cheaper than 
a non-member, lime 15 cents a bar- 
rel, vent linings, [copings, etc. , at a 
proportionate rate. To those not 
initiated this would seein! sufficient 
to prevent successful competition 
by the non-member, but because of 
the exorbitant profits demanded by 
the master mason, an owner can still 
pay the higher rate for the material 
and erect his building at a lower cost, 
and in order to prevent this they de- 
mand that labor assist them byre- 
fusing to work for any one not a 
member of their association. 

“These are the men and some of 
their methods, who pose as cham- 
pions, willing to throw themselves 
into the breach to protect owners 
from the alleged rapacious demands 
of organized labor. 

“In conclusion, we mean to carry 
out the agreement entered into by 
our unions in good faith, and if work 
is stopped and the building industry 
paralyzed it will be no fault of ours. 
The blame entirely rests on the con- 

“Luke Grant, F. M. Ryan, E. 
A. Davis, Committee.” 

Thirty thousand more Austrian 
miners have gone on strike, their 
employers having refused the de- 
mands for higher wages and .an 
eight- hour day. The total number 
now out is 70,000. 

New Unions Chartered During 
the Past Month. 

244. Grand Junction, Colo. 

267. Telluride, Colo. 

270. Alexandria Bay, N. Y. 

298. Hanover, Pa. 

461. Highwood, 111. 

470. Tacoma, Wash. 

472. Selma, Ala. 

475. Florence, Colo. 

477. Alexandria, Ind. 

479. Sparta, 111. 

480. Freeburg, 111. 

481. Barre, Vermont. 

485. Byesville, O. 

487. Linton, Ind. 

488. Clinton, Ind. 

489. Canon City, Colo. 

491. Sioux City, Iowa. 

492. Reading, Pa. 

494. Columbus, Ohio. 

496. Leadville, Colo. 

Making a grand total of 191 new 
unions chartered during the past 
eleven months. 

Scranton Carpenters to be Busy. 

The carpenters of Scranton, Pa., 
held an enthusiastic meeting last 
week in their splendid hall on Wyo- 
ming avenue, and several candidates 
were obligated. Encouraging re- 
ports were made by the business 
agent and by members from other 
building trades who were given the 
privilege of the floor. 

Since the strike in the building 
trades began, nine months ago, 
about 500 building tradesmen have 
obtained remunerative employment 
in various parts of the country, some 
in California, some in New England, 
and some in the Southern states. 
Quite a number, too, went to New 
York and are working steady under 
good rules — the eight-hour day and 
fifty cents an hour. 

Trades-unionism is triumphant. 
The better class of employers 
acknowledge that. 

Arrangements for the erection of 
several large buildings are being 
made and every one of the structures 
will be put up by union labor. Here- 
after all the big concerns will have a 
clause in their contracts stating that 
their work must be done by union 
men. That’s what the Central 
Pennsylvania Brewing Company will 
do and that’s what all of the cor- 
porations and syndicate« hereabouts 
ought to and, no doubt, will do. 



Alton, 111 . — This city is becom- 
ing thoroughly unionized. All car- 
penters, except a very ^few, are mem- 
bers of Local Union 377, and appli- 
cations are coming in steadily. 

Westerly, R. I. — We are push- 
ing ahead. The membership of 
Union 217 is steadily increasing. 
All the members are taking an active 
interest in the eftort to organize the 
entire craft in this vicinity. 

Mobile, Ala. — Our union is gain- 
ing largely in new members, and we 
are busy influencing all outside 
craftsmen to join the ranks of No. 
89. This we hope to accomplish in 
a very short space of time. 

Langhorne, Pa. — The carpen- 
ters of Langhorne, Hulmeville and 
Attleboro held a meeting last week 
at the latter place with the object in 
view of effecting a union and fixing 
the rate of pay 20 per cent, higher. 
»»«« - 

Colorado City, Colo. — Local 
Union 417 is increasing in member- 
ship, and indications are that our 
anticipations fora still larger growth 
will be fully realized in the near 
future. Our members are all fork- 
ing zealously toward that end. 

Detroit, Mich. — Since last June 
we have initiated ten members at 
every one of our meetings. Local 
Union 19 has more than doubled its 
membership during that time. Ours 
is the largest union in this city. 
Everything is quiet here at present. 
»» ■ «« - 

Joliet, 111 . — The building trade is 
brisk here. There is not a union 
man idle in the city. Local Union 
174 is arranging for a mass meeting 
during this month to agitate the 
eight-hour question. The union is 
increasing its membership right 

Vallejo, Cal. — Our union now 
meets ’in Mechanics' Union Hall. 
The various unions joined together 
and secured this hall as headquar- 
ters. We have established a very 
attractive reading room and expect 
good results from same. Union 180 
is gradually growing. 


Louisville, Ky. — Local Union 
103 held a very enthusiastic and 
well attended meeting last week. 
Fifteen new members were elected. 
By the spring time we hope to make 
this the largest union in the city. 
Our union is on very friendly terms 
with the Builders' Exchange. 

Carthage, N. Y. — There is 
tvery prospect of our having a 

great union here shortly. Our 
members are very enthusiastic and 
are determined to keep Union 446 
alive and active. We are encourag- 
ing the other trades to organize 
thoroughly and keep in line. 

■ »»«« • 

San Antonio, Texas. — All goes 
well with us here. Union 717 in- 
itiated forty-one new members 
within the past two months. We 
have a long list of applications. 
The members of Unions 460 and 
717 are actively interested in the 
movement and will carry on the 
good work to the end. 

- > » »>«« - 

Sharon,. Pa. — The good work is 
progressing here. At our regular 
meeting on December 28th we re- 
ceived fourteen applications, and at 
the following meeting we had twenty- 
one. We have succeeded in organ- 
izing a United Labor League- The 
members of Local Union 268 are 
earnest and faithful workers in the 

St. Joseph, Mo. — The members 
of 1 10 are standing firmly together. 
We have a splendid Building Trades 
Council, and it has been of much 
benefit to us during the past year. 
We are arranging for a large hall 
with reading room attached, so that 
the members of the different trades 
may pass their leisure time in profit- 
able recreation. 

—>» »«« 

New Haven, Conn. — There 
never was such a desire on the part 
of carpenters to identify themselves 
with the movement as there is at the 
present time, and we expect that 
the membership of Union 79 will be 
considerably increased within the 
next few weeks. We intend to hold 
several open and special meetings 
this and next month. 

Charleston, S. C. — We are 
going along quietly here, and Union 
159 is steadily growing. Recently, 
when we had some trouble with one 
of our leading contractors who re- 
fused our demands, the. men quit 
work, but the firm of Craig & Ben- 
son came to our relief and employed 
nearly all the hands. This firm 
yielded to the demands of our or- 
ganization some time ago, and they 
have always recognized union men. 

Traverse City, Mich.— We 

are holding our own as a union. 
About one year ago there were 
only the Longshoremen and Cigar- 
makers' Unions here. Now there 
are five flourishing unions with a 
Trades Council. The Masons and 
Printers are about to organize. On 
the 4th the carpenters held a jubilee 
installation. A banquet followed at 
which our brothers and their families 
and friends sat down. It is gen- 
erally conceded that it was the 
finest entertainment ever given in the 

Scranton, Pa. — Before another 
month has passed away this will be 
an eight-hour city. Brother Mans- 
field, of Union 563, has secured the 
contract for a block of four houses 
on West Lackawanna avenue. 
Work on the Colliery Engineer 
printing establishment will begin 
almost immediately, and all the work 
on it will be done by union labor. 
Our members have quite a number 
of jobs on hand now and are doing 
right well for this time of the year. 
Nearly all of the spring alterations 
in the several stores will be done by 
union men. The present indications 
are that the building trades’ dispute 
will be settled in a few days ; more 
houses will be erected this year than 
in any previous year, and everybody 
will be prosperous, contented and 

Indianapolis, Ind. — The annual 
smoker of Union 281, at their hall in 
East Washington street, last week» 
was a big success. There was a 
large attendance, and all the speak- 
ers were received with enthusiasm. 
Many delegates to the Miners’ Na- 
tional Convention were present. 
President John Blue, of the Central 
Labor Union, made the opening 
address, and he was followed by Fred 
Dilcher, member of the Miners' 
Executive Board. Among those 
who spoke during the evening were 
Fred Smith, General Organizer of 
the Cigarmakers' International 
Union, and Delegate Topaham, of 
the Miners. Further talks were 
made by several local men, and the 
entertainment, which was pronounced 
a most enjoyable affair, was brought 
to an end. 

French Carpenters Strike, 

on the Exposition Buildings at P 
has been settled in favor of the n 
An increase of 10 centimes per I 
for work on buildings, twenty- 
metres for work in height, 
recognized as a just demj 
Fully 5,000 Carpenters were 
volved. M. Chariot, Secretarj 
the Carpenters’ Union, said : 

My idea of settling the mattei 
arbitration has been accomplishes 

“Some people might imaj 
this strike to be due to mere impi 
rather than to mature considera 
beforehand. This is a mistake. W 
the work was begun nearly 
years ago it was agreed by 
authorities to consider the dan' 
ous character of the employm' 
and the fact that the men certa 
would be forced to work overt 
oward the end. An agreemer 
tnat time was arrived at, but 
exact pay agreed on was not gi 
for this exact work. That is 
Whole case in a nutshell. 

“Accidents are of almost d 
occurrence not only on accoum 
■ the hazardous height at which 
men are compelled to work, but 
ecause the proper safeguards li 
not been provided by the < 
tractors." ^ * 

Trade Movements 




Joliet, 111 . 
and 35 cents 

■The eight-he'IJ'^ 


aiiu . 

demanded by Union i74 ^ 

^On AprJ 

City, Kan- 

Kansas — . _| 

ist we will move for the eig 
day and a standard rate 0 

37 cents per hour. 

New Haven, Conn 
have been informed that 
we will ask for the eight ^ 
and a standard rate of 
trouble is expected. 

Florence, Colo. 

tors have been notinea 
^ Vinurs sna* ^ 

after April ist, eight hours 


stitute a day’s work. ' _doH- 
several large jobs to e 
We do not anticipate any 

Schenectady, N. 

bers of Union 14b have 


vji wiiivix ^ Qil 

notify all the bosses ^ 

mum rate of wages shall 

instead of $2. 25, as at pt 


Alton, Hh- 


Der Hour, wc 
Touble as a majority 0 
»eem to be in symp^^ 

Indianapolis, m 

“d ht 

demand for the 

standard wage of 35 

go into effect on Ap- 

Jnions 6o and 281 ^ 

ondition, and we it)p 

4-u^ mnvernen 


Traverse City, 1^“^' 

.me ago we held aP^cO< 
which we invite^ 

.rs, and laid before 
■ e-hO' 

th® ,,r 

»IÖ, Üina Apr* 

lands for an nine- 1® 

April IS' 


after April ist, nine hours s^^ 
stitute a day’s work an « 


.All the cor 

/iLTON, 111.— j that c' , 

here have been advise ^ jo; ^ 

ifter April 2d eight hours 
stitute a day’s work pects"( 
per hour. We do no 

Port Chester, N- • sl>» 
ind after April ist, eig 
constitute a day s 

uuauLULc « — ./ pgr uy 

iresent rate of nässet* /, 

rhis is the resolehon ^ 

.ocal Union 77 “d ” 


•Th« ‘’S 





2nts an hour, to taK'- ^ ^jsse 
There was ycip»‘® 
Dice. We do not 

^Th« . fl tl' 

Davenport, sig 

uilders have refu®^ y^l tc 
/ Union 554 jaoiim''’ 


of 25 cents per hour. The 
Members have decided to make a 
on April ist, and Rock Island 
Moline will co-operate with us. 


Lavvrence, Mass. — At last 
^onth meeting of Union iii the 
^embers agreed to demand the 
t-hour day and a minimum rate 

"^ages— .j^2. 25 per day on and after 
May 1st 

^Poughkeepsie, N. Y.— We will 
eavor to secure the eight-hour 
ay on May ist Union 203 is still 
^ to its. list of members. We 
XI • ^^pect to have any trouble 

•»'> ■!.= co„,rac,„„. 

Out.— We are about 
a e steps to demand an increase 
pay on and after May ist. We 
S:oing to ask for 2^ cents per 

s are bright for the season. 

Janesville, O.— For the coming 

•'iiie'^h demanded the 

be « uiinimum wages to 

Paid^ P®*" day, all overtime to be 
lini double 

^“udays. To take effect on 

(q Mass. — Weexpec 

^^ght-hour day and mini 

of u . trouble. The member 
^77 are all active in th 

and I'he outlook is brigh 


-^>» > «« - 

Falls. N. Y.— Th 
aiade between th 
322 ^^^ociation and Unio 

ni eludes a minimum rate c 

of ^I'id the employmen 

^*^ion carpenters only. 

Port Worth. Tex.— At the regu- 
Wpek '".‘'"S: of Union 399, held last 
aft^r * decided that on and 

Const- eight hours shall 

^ work, and the 

all c ordered to so notify 

city ^^^^^tors and builders in the 

Mich. — Local Union 
induce the con- 
havo to our terms. They 

^ minimum of 25 
the eight- hour 
*^^y su( 5 ^ effect next Fall. We 

^^curing these con- 

*^^^tiu Mich. — At the regular 

334, Local Unions 59 and 

'’'alee . ? it was decided 

^^y and ^ for the eight- hour 

^5 ccn^ ^ minimum rate of wages, 
P^^ hour, to go into effect 
^^UnoU "Phe Building Trades 

»lUtand by 


Uti;ca, N. Y.— The members of 
Union 125 have decided by unani- 
mous resolution to communicate 
with the contractors and demand the 
eight-hour day and a minimum rate 
of wages of 35 cents per hour on and 
after May ist. Everything is satis- 
factory and the Union is in a healthy 

MuNCiE, Ind. — We wish the 
Carpenter a successful New Year. 
We have adopted our new wage 
scale for 1900. It includes the 
eight-hour day and 30 cents per 
hour. The bosses have offered a 
nine-bour day and 25^4 cents. We 
are well organized and will ultimately 
secure our full demands. 

Savannah, Ga. — Local Union 
256 has notified all the contractors 
and builders that on and after May 

ist, the Journeymen Carpenters of 

this’eity will demand that the mini- 
mum rate of wages be $2.00 per day 

of nine hours. The date set for the 
movement will give the contractors 
ample time to figure on new build- 

Topeka, Kan.— Our demands for 
the coming season have been com- 
municated to the Master Builders. 
We have asked that the minimum 
rate of wages be 30 cents per hour. 
We hope to get every journeyman 
carpenter to join Union 158, and 
thereby strengthen our ranks and 
put us iu better shape to enforce our 

Sr. Joseph, Mo. — We are now 
thoroughly organized here, and have 
succeeded in inducing the con- 
tractors to meet with our committee 
to arrange a scale of wages and 
hours for the coming season. This 
has never happened before m this 
city, and only goes to, demonstrate 
the influence and power of perfect 


ALBANY, N. Y. - Local Union 
274 has notified the contractors and 
builders in this city that on and after 
May ist, eight hours shall constitute 
a day’s work and the schedule of 
wages shall be 35 cents per hour. 
Time and half shall be paid for over- 
time until 12 p. m., and double time 
for all work after 12 p. m., Sundays 
and holidays included. 

^ jsj j. — The members of 
lion 490 have adopted the 
trade rules : The minimum 
,ges to be 35 cents per hour, 
:-hour day, all shops to be 
ly unionized, employers to 
ed one apprentice each 
ro years, weekly pay, all 
to be counted double time, 
and legal holidays included, 
lies to take effect on and 

Wage Slavery. 

Recently The Verdict has been 
prying a bit into the subject of wages 
paid to labor. There are hundreds 
of thousands of workers in New 
York — and for that matter their 
like exists in every corner of the land, 
whose average yearly income won’t 
reach $200. On this they must 
support a family. The World lately 
told at length of a woman and her 
child whose income — and the woman 
sewed night and day — was $1.20 a 
week. Such conditions are worse 
than slavery. They are better than 
slavery for the employer. 

Forty years ago "the Southern 
owners of black chattel slaves 
taunted the North with the holding 
of while wage slaves. In a lecture 
on (and in favor of) slavery de- 
livered ill Tremont Temple, Boston, 
January 24, 1856, Senator Robert 
Toombs, of Georgia, said of the 
black slave : “ He is entitled by law 

to a home, to ample food and cloth- 
ing, and exempted from excessive 
labor, and when no longer capable 
of labor, in old age and disease, he 
is a legal charge upon his master,” 
while of the white slave he truly 
said : ” Under that system man has 

become less valuable and less cared 
for than domestic animals ; * * 

in short, capital has become the 
master of labor, with all the benefits 
and without the natural burdens of 
the relations.” In the course of the 
same lecture he used the following 
prophetic language : The moment 

wages descend to a point barely suffi- 
cient to support the laborer and fam- 
ily, capital cannot afford to own labor, 
and it must cease. Slavery ceased 
in England in obedience to this law 
and not from any regard to liberty 
or humanity. The increase of popu- 
lation in this country may produce 
the same results, and American 
slavery, like that of England, may 
find its euthanasia in the general 
prostration of all labor.” In other 
words, chattel slavery finds its easy 
death in wage slavery. Do Toombs’ 
long-ago words find no echo in these 
times ? — Verdict. 

The Exquisite Care of Norman 

The Nornlan architects displayed 
their liberality and skill in all the 
buildings which they erected, says 
the “Architect.” Chapels arid 
churches, small houses and palaces 
exhibited doorways, windows and 
sculptures designed and wrought 
with the utmost care and the most 
finished taste. Strength was an 
indispensable requisite —strength 
often to superfluity— but in some 
cases it saved labor (for our ancestors 
were sometimes economists), and it 
insured for many ages the safety 
of their buildings. Material was of 
little account, and labor perhaps of 

not much more, but huge beams 
were often applied where half the 
quantity would have sufficed. Thus 
the labor of sawing was avoided, and 
the scantlings of masonry were not 
more nicely regulated. It must be 
admitted that the ancientsHiad the 
advantage of the moderns in the 
uniform choice of good materials. 
They seem to have used only one of 
the several kinds, and that the best, 
and when to this they applied sound 
workmanship, and adopted a method 
or style, applying with it so much 
taste and judgment that the designa- 
tion of their buildings cannot be 
mistaken, we have reason to admire 
their abilities as architects, and 
assuredly their works are worthy 
our praise and imitation. 

It Is Surely Coming. 

In a recent address at Chicago, 
John Swinton said : “I stood some 
years ago near an avalanche in the 
Alps, which could not be stopped 
by an injunction. I fled from a 
blizzard in Dakota, which could not 
be thwarted by any court. I felt 
the rumble of an earthquake in 
Sicily, which could not be quelled 
by an editorial in all the Chicago 
papers. I saw the floods of Niagara, 
which mock the army — aye, even 
the militia. Let us disapprove of 
all these forces of nature, but what 
is your lack ? It makes no differ- 
ence whether or not you favor an 
earthquake. Let the court enjoin 
itself Let the squibblers of the 
press squibble against it. Let the 
preachers snivel at it as they once 
did at Mr. Keir Hardie. Let the 
uniformed terrorists of the soldier- 
straps hold up their little guns 
against it. It is coming. 

“Crack goes the earthquake, 
and the Hebrew slaves march out of 
Egypt while Pharoah sinks in the 
Red Sea. Crack, it goes again, 
and the Agrarians of Rome seize 
their short swords. Crack ! And 
old Noll is atop in England. Crack ! 
And the serfs of Germany and Hun- 
gary carry havoc before them. 
Crack ! Once more the forces of the 
French Revolution give death to 
inonarchs — Louis’ head falls into 
thp basket. Crack ! Again George 
Washington confronts George HI. 
Crack ! Again, and old Abe rides 
the earthquake till chattel slavery 
falls, though bruised by ctiurch and 
editors and capital and Congress, 
and poor old Buchanan and the old 
dotard of the Supreme Court. 
Crack ! Goes the earthquake now 
and then, again and again, the wide 
world over. We have heard it 
thrice in our own country within a 
century, and God help us hear it 
again. The sovereignty of nabobs 
must be overthrown. ’ ’ 

Did you ever hear of non-union 
labor gaining anything for itself ? 



The Carpenter. 


The Principle.«? of Geometry and 
Their Application in Hand- 
rail Construction. 



D r is generally admitted that 
the most difficult part of the 
science of handrailing is to 
find the correct bevels to 
square the wreaths. Not one out of 
every hundred expert workmen can 
find them under all and every con- 
ditions ; and we may unhesitatingly 
•ay that but very few of even those 
at the head of many large stairbuild- 
ing concerns know enough to tide 
them over all difficulties. They 
usually know certain methods, for 
special cases, outside of which they 
are utterly helpless, and often their 
bungling attempt resulting in a 
bungling job, and occasionally a 
spoiled rail. 

We may further say that it is im- 
possible for any one to understand 
this subject thoroughly without being 
well versed in the subjects treated 
upon in these articles. The knowl- 
edge of how to unfold sections of 
solids, containing as it does the 
knowledge of angles of inclined 
planes, etc., is the foundation of the 
bevels. When thi s kn owledge is 
obtained the difficulty attached to 
bevels will vanish. 

In this article we propose to show 
how to obtain the bevels for variant 
inclination of tangents, and of blocks 
of variant forms of bases, such as 
squares, obtuse and acute blocks. 

Our first example. Fig. 42, has a 
square base, and a centre line of 
rail is assumed to be inscribed 
within it, touching points g, and 
r, and therefore making the sides 
of the base lettered as at gy e and 
e tangents to the curve of the 
centre line of the rail. To transfer 
these twp tangents to the elevation, 
proceed as was explained in all our 
previous figures by revolving the 
tangent e, g to the ground line x, 
as shown by the arc 8, Wy 8\ We 
thus find point g^. To find point (f 
place it at the height the rail will 
have to be raised above r, as at d , 
Connect d and jf', which line will be 
the inclination of the tangents. The 
upper tangent r', d is in its correct 
position above its plan tangent, 
Cy e. The bottom tangent, to be 
in its correct position, must be re- 
volved, as shown by the arc^', Wy 
g from point S' on to 8 in the 


The correct position of the in- 
clined tangents thus found, standing 

right above their respective plan dotted arc^, from g' to r, then c 
tangents is shown in perspective in and d are connected, which will be 
Fig. 42 a dy d standing above Cy e the bottom tangent<?'^' in its correct 
and ^ standing above In this geometrical position. Now from 
figure they are shown in their actual point e on x y and parallel to the 
position in relation to their plans ; so upper tangent d d draw the dotted 

1 j be no 

actual practice there 
necessity to find only 
length of the line a 0 , ^ 

must be the radius of the p ^ » 

was done before, pos*' 

bottom tangent in its revo v 
tion as at c d; revolve ^ ^ the 
connect d g y at J w jn 

same bevel as at n and is 
Fig. 42 a at s'. 

O - 

also is the angle between them as at 
d y d y gy in relation to the angle Cy e, 
gy of the plan. 

To understand the nature of the 
bevels we must have a clear concep- 
tion of the actual position as well as 

line e a ; square to this line draw 
a z ; revolve z \o w ; connect w d , 
We have thus found the bevel w 
from the upper tai'gent ; and, it is 
therefore to be app’ied at point d of 
the upper tangent . Again from 

the correct inclination of the tan- 
gents, because the bevels are ob- 
tained from the tangents when in 
their correct position, ^as shown at 
d d and d gy Fig. 42 a. 

In Fig. 42 the bottom tangent d 
gy is revolved, as shown by the 

point ay and square to the bottom 
tangent in its revolved position as 
at d Cy draw a s" ; revolve a s" to 
n / connect w o' ; the bevel at is 
to be applied at point gy of the 
bottom tangent. In this example 
both bevels are equal ; therefore in 


The nature of the bev^ 
observable in Fig. 4 ^ ^0 

tom bevel last jo 

to be constructed of ^ ^ 

the bottom tangent ^ 

point r. 4 g 

For the altitude an 



^ base, In Fig. 43 have a plan and 

y connecting the altitude and elevation of a quarter space stairway, 

find the bevel at the top and in Fig. 44 a perspective view of 
J ' °* ‘fi« triangle thus formed, as the same showing the block repre- 
°«'nat^'. in pig. 42 « P'^ced m its 

'Pnnciple is absolutely the same actual position ; all lines and bevels 




<OP cut of a corretpontlinsin both figures 
root ratw. If bv At ,, in Fig^ 44 the b.v.l « 

^sumln r" rafter. If by 

r; “'"'"g the botto 

42 /r 4 .^ 1 

xxL Oj *•* * S’ ” ' I . 

shown applied to the wreath, making 
its side plumb, and at the bevel 

to be the ridge is shown apiiHed. securing the same 
^ roof, we find that result. In Fig. 43 the face 

s. 42 — °m tangent 8 

'Posite*V^° ^ plate, and its 
Plate of ^ ridge 


I*!® ricjg 

thelengfth of<?' 

«. p 'Jt" -he wall plate. The 

^ ^refore becomes the 
'pf wall plate 

^ 'I'u . shed, as from s 

rafter will 

r p bevel 

y ' ^ is the same as is 
the'^r'^^ wreath, again 

e" f^'ate ^ , to be another 

r ’ be ♦]- ^pper tangent (f 

Vk ‘np c.F same process 

tut at rafter to be 

‘aiici lo u.: 

^ ^besf. u rafters are 

Of the they will but 

, J^^^P^ndular back walls 

ri ^ back walls 

to '^ith precisely what 


t ^ their sides will be 

Of j? ^^int d ^^^^^bng up from point 
the incline plane 

shown for the same stairway, whioh 

needs no explanation. 

We may say that Fig. 45 ^on 
tains all the lines actually required 
o find the face mold and bevel for 
the wreath of the stairway shown m 
Fig 44 . and even a less number o 

to wm snffice when the« 

treat«! upon in this art.cle are 
thoroughly understood. 

The New York carpenters have 

adopted a union label and regnte^cd 

it with the Secretary of State. Th 
object is to maintain good wages for 
journeymen and protect fair employ- 
ers wL have to compete against 

, 1 Krir The label will be 

cheap labor. me 

placed on doors.^jasl.s, _ . 

Xt’ern'eities women and children 
facturers of these articles for three 
dollars per week. 






\ \ 


• 5^^ 

Horrors of Wardner’s “ Bull- 

The investigation of the action of 
the military and civil authorities fol- 
lowing the Coeur d’Alene mining 
riots is proceeding at Washington 
this week by the House Committee 
on Military Affairs. William Ran- 
dolph Stinson testified at length as 
to life in the “ bull-pen ” where the 
accused miners were incarcerated. 
His description was supplemented 
by a large number of photographs, 
showing the prison enclosure, con- 
sisting of a number of rude shanties 
surrounded by a wire fence. The 
wiiness was a School Commissioner 
and was removed for alleged sym- 
pathy with the miners, and subse- 
quently arrested. He said the “ bull- 
pen was very filthy. The men 
ate off the ground and the food was 
bad. There was practically no sani- 
tary arrangements. The witness 
said his mail was opened. On one 

occasion, when his wife was badly 
injured and was in a delicate condi- 
tion, he was refused permission to 
go to her. 

Mr. Stinson also told of the guard 
house, a part of the “bull-pen,” 
where he and others were held most 
of the time. The rain beat through 
it and the inmates were soaking wet. 
The straw had been trampled into 
the ground and the officers in charge 
of the United States forces refused 
to allow hay tobe brought in. Many 
drunken soldiers were put in the 
guard house with the accused. An 
army officer, he said, ordered a cor- 
poral to take a cigar from the wit- 
ness, and when the latter threw the 
cigar down the officer reduced the 
corporal to the ranks for not snatch- 
ing it. The officer ordered that the 
men be treated with severity. 

Nothing is so indicative of true 
and deep culture as tender consider- 
alion of the ignorant. 



Bevels, Splays and Hopper 
Cuts.— IX. 


HE covering of solids may 
not correctly come under 
the head of bevels and 
splays, yet the system is 
very closely connected to 
the question, as it is impos- 
sible to cover a drive, a cone, an 
ellipsoid without having recourse 

radius D, C, through the divisions 
in the semicircle i, 2, 3, 4, draw 
lines perpendicular to A, C, and 
through the points where they inter- 
sect A , C, draw lines to the peak D. 
Draw lines also through the points 
I, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc., of the arc C, H, 
to the peak D ; then through the 
intersections of the lines, from A, 
C, to D, with the seats of cylindrical 
surfaces /, w, Oy and py r, Sy /, 
draw lines parallel to A, C, cutting 
C, D; and from the points of inter- 

Fig. 61. 

to bevels and splays of a high order, 
and this is my excuse for introducing 
the subject at this stage. 

A still more difficult problem is to 
cover the frustum of a cone when it 
is cut by two cylindric surfaces that 
are perpendicular to the generating 
section as shown at Fig. 61. 

section in C, D, and from the centre 
D, describe arcs cutting the radial 
lines in the sector D, C, H, in Uy v, 

Wy Xy JV, Zy and a, by Cy dy e\ and 

curves traced through the inter- 
sections will give the forms of the 

Suppose it is desirable to get the 


Let us A, E, F, C, Fig. 
61, to be the frustum to be covered, 
and A, ky C, E, py F, the lines on 
which the cylindrical surfaces stand. 
Then produce A, E, C, F, till they 
meet in the point D. Describe the 
semicircle A, B, C, and divide it 
into any number of equal parts, 
and transfer the divisions to the arc 
C, H. describf^d from D. with the 

development or covering for the 
surface of the frustum of a scalene 
semicone. We proceed as follows : 
Let A, B, C (Fig. 62) be the base 
of the semicone ; and A, C, D the 
plane of its section, cut on the 
line A, C, perpendicular to the 
base; and let A, C, E, F be the seat 
of the envelope or covering required. 
Then divide A. B, C into any 

number of equal parts as in i, 2, 3, 
etc. , and from the points of 
division draw lines perpendicular to 
A, C, cutting it in ky /, rUy etc., 
and from these points draw right 
lines to D. To find the true lengths 
of the lines radiating from D, the 
vertex of the cone, to the points 
I, 2, 3, 4, B, in the circumference 
of the base : — from the point Sy where 
D, Sy cuts A, C, draw Sy a, perpen- 
dicular to D, s, and from r draw 
Ty Uy perpendicular to D, r; draw also 

envelope, is found in like ^ 

drawing the perpendicular 

dy from the lines D ky V . 

etc., to their corresponding ^ 

lines. Then H G, will be n 
equal to A E, 9 ^ to t b, 8 ^. 

7 f equal X.o Vy dy etc. 
curve being drawn througn 
points thus found, the ’of- 

H,C, i,. he develop.™., of 

tion of the cone shown by 

A, C, E, F. ■ ^„iiition 

Fig. 63. 

qy Zy perpendicular to D, py jv, 
perpendicular to D, Py Oy Xy perpen- 
dicular to D, 0; Uy Wy to D, n; Vy 
to D, m; ly 7 fy to D, i; and ky /, to 
D, k. Then make Sy a equal to Sy 
I, r, u equal to r 2, qy 2 equal to 
qy 3, etc., draw the dotted lines 
dad 2^, D z;, D D jr, D jj/, 
Zy D 7 iy D a', which will give 
the respective lengths of the cor- 
responding lines on the envelope of 


being understood, let us p 
another problem which, iu t 
is somewhat more diffi^u ^.^gfor 
with. The envelope or ^ired* 

a frustum of a cuncoid is 

Let A, B, C, D, 

seat of the portion of the P 

be covered; the semicirc e the 

the section of the lesser en » 
semi- ellipse B, M, C, of 
end; each being of the same 


the semicone, as shown by the con- 
centric dotted arcs, /, jfy 71 8, z; 7, 
Wy 6y etc., described from the point 
D. With distances exactly equal 
to the divisions C, i, 2, 3, 4, B, of 
the arc A, B, C, set off from C, the 
points I, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc., to H, on 
the corresponding concentric dotted 
lines, so as that D, H, will be equal 
to D A, D 9, equal to D A D 8 
equal to D z^, etc., then draw the 
curved line, C H, through the 
points thus found. The curved line 
F G, forming the inner line of the 



that is, m E being I’ 

produce B. A, C, D. to g, P. 
and divide the L 

into any number of equ^^ 

I, 2, 3, 4, E. From ^ 
draw the lines i ^ j fro*^ . 

A D, «'7 . 


lines cutting B, C, iu 
from these points draw ^ 

perpendicular to 
through m. Tty Oy p^ ^ /A 

U - 



etc. , perpendicular I' ^ 

cutting the semi-elh^ps^ 
etc. Draw F, ^ pa/, 
to F. C ; in F. G make 

the carpenter 


^ ^ to /> 2, F r, equal 

;;;i3>F., equal to .4, F, G 

^ E. From D, with a 

at d 

to D I, describe the arc 
and draw w q tangent to 
and O' u equal to F q, 

^ ^ From 

^ *“adius D a , describe the arc 

is similar to what has already been 
done, which renders further descrip- 
tion unnecessary. 

Suppose we wish to find the cover- 
ing for a semicylindric surface con- 
tained between two parallel planes 
perpendicular to the generating 
section as shown at Fig. 64. 

arc • ^ ^ tangent to that 

^ equal to Y p u, 

arc * radius D a, describe 

^nd n draw the tangent, 

divk other 
t^efore. Then through 

raw tlie curved lines, com- 

To accomplish this let A, B, C, D, 
Fig. 64, be the seat of the generat- 
ing section ; trom A, draw A, O 

perpendicular to AB. and produce 

C D to meet it m E ; on A, t. 
describe the semicircle, and transfer 
its perimeter to E. G by d.v.dmg 
it into equal parts, and setting oft 

® half of the envelope, 
half, joined on the same 
'tal and similar, and may 
thus : — From G as a 
tibe concentric circles from 

corresponding divisions E ^ 

Through the divisions of the sem 
circle draw lines at right ° 

A E, producing them to meet tb 

. ’ . TV and B. C, m *, 

^nd from the same 
an "'tth any convenient 

J'^'oas 5, 7; make the 

, 0(1 . 5 , 7 equal to the divis- 

join r ™^he 7 H equal to 6 F, 

The remainder of the 
’■n complete the figures 

the divisions on 

»g perpendicular to 

pugh the intersec- 
iinates of the semi- 
line A D, draw the 
y, etc., parallel 
fRpc<> intersect 

the perpendiculars from EG, in the 
points a, 2, Vy Xy w, z/, «, etc., 
trace a curved line, G D, and draw 
parallel to it the curved line H C; 
then w'ill D C, H G, be the 
development of the covering re- 

In finding the covering for a 
semicylindric surface bounded by 
two curved lines, similar to the 
examples shown at Figs. 65, 66 and 
67, all we have to do is to follow the 
same course as laid out for develop- 
ing Fig. 64, as will be evident on 

Problems of this kind, while for- 
midable to look upon, are not diffi- 
cult to solve if we do but lay our 
minds down to the purpose for but 
a short time; and the clear under- 
standing of one renders an easy per- 
ception of the others. And it is 
astonishing what confidence it gives 
a workman when he tackles a diffi. 
cult job with a thorough knowledge 
of all the requirements of the work 
and the ability to encompass them. 
Besides, this knowledge has a money 
value that will be sure, eventually, to 
return to the owner interest on his 
investment of time and study. 

( To be Continued , ) 

True Friendship. 

Serious friendship cannot be en- 
joyed except by persons of charac- 
ter. Those who, themselves light 
and frivolous, choose friends from 
whim and fancy, or drift into the 
relation from chance proximity, or 
who make passionate or extravagant 
demands, forgetting the other duties 
of life in a swift transport of feeling, 
must forever remain ignorant of the 
depth, the solemnity and the sacred- 
ness of which friendship is capable. 
Emerson says: “Our friendships 

hurry to short and poor conclusions 
because we have made them a tex- 
ture of fiber of the human heart. The 
laws of friendship are austere and 
eternal— of one web with the law of 
nature and of morals. But we have 
aimed at a swift and petty benefit to 
such a sudden sweetness. We snatch 
at the slowest fruit in the whole 
garden ot God, which many sum- 
mers and many winters must ripen.“ 

London Street-Car Strike. 

Joseph T. Marks, secretary of the 
London Street Railway Employes’ 
Union, Divison No. 97, of the Inter- 
national body, in acknowledging the 
receipt of $10 from the United 
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Join- 
ers of Winnipeg (Local Union 343), 
says : “ We are still in the fight, 

and this,jhe ninth month of the 
struggle, shows our men united and 
ranks unbroken. The published 
statement of the company shows 
that the cost of operating the road 
in 1899 was $60,000 less than re- 
ceipts, notwithstanding that the first 
four months of the year showed an 

increase of 10 percent. The loss of 
profits will amount to $60,000, as 
the company cleared $50,000 in 
1898. This, together with the dis- 
graceful condition into which the 
rolling stock has fallen, the cost of 
private detectives, the purchasing of 
newspapers, law expenses and minor 
outlays, will reach close to $200,000. 
We have taught them a lesson. We 
have shown them that when labor is 
united and determined, and has 
right on its side, it does not pay to 
antagonize it. Public sentiment is 
almost solid with us. Even in this 
winter weather the road doesn’ t pay, 
and unless they come to terms we 
will put up a fight next summer that 
will further sink them in a hole. 
Accept our thanks for your gener- 
ous and practical aid.’’ 

The Journey. 

You’» gutter hab some trouble in dis rough ol’ world 
of ours. 

You’« gutter fight de bumtily bee, sometimes to pick 
de flowers. 

You'« gwinter ftn’ a heap o’ roughness in de rocky * 

Befo’ you gets wha’ you kin’ re^’ and lay aside de 

But be humble an’ don’t grumble, 

’Case you sometimes slip and stumble, 

An’ seems to drap behin’ de res’ of all de hustlin 

Don’ stop an’ staht a- whin in’ 

An’ a-whiraerin’ an’ a-pinin’, 

But pick yoh feet up honey, an’ go travelin’ along. 

You may hab fears o’ troubles dat’ll hit you hahd 
some (lay, 

But dar's wusser boun’ to ketch you ef you halls 
along de way. 

You’s gotier keep a-movin.’ Some is f»is’ an’ some is 

But all dat’s looked fob from you is to do de bes* you 

So don’t you wait an’ worry 
Ef you fulls down in yoh hurry, 

Jea’ pull yohse’f togedder as you hums er little song. 
An’ never min’ do chatfiu’ 

An’ de hollerin’ and de laughin’ 

But pick yoh feet up huney, an go travelin’ along. 

—Washington Star. 

The Poor and the Rich. 

The poor. The rich. Will any- 
body stand up and say that it is best 
to have these two classes only in the 
community ? 

Isn’t it better to^ have a great 
middling class, neither very poor 
nor very rich ? 

The wretchedly poor man is to be 
pitied. He is a slave to the lowest 
necessities of his nature. He can- 
not help others. He cannot help 
himself. We pity him. Perhaps 
the excessively rich should* be pitied, 
too. No doubt they have their 
troubles. But the nation that can 
hold on to a great, prosperous mid- 
dling class is the ideal nation. This 
is just what the founders of this 
Republic had in mind when they 
uttered the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence and framed the Constitu- 

It remains with the people to say 
whether they will carry out the ideas 
of the founders of the nation or not. 
Things look bad. Giant monopolies 
are forming all over the land. 

One of the most dreaded is the 
railroad monopoly . — Bosioyi Trav- 





United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America« 

Published Monthly on the Fifteenth of each month 

Lippincott Building, 46 N. Twelfth Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa* 

P. J« McGUIRE, Editor and Publisher. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia. Pa., as 
second-class matter. 

Subscription Price:— Fifty cenu a year, in ad- 
vance, postpaid. 

Address ail letters and money to 

P. J. McGuire. 

Box 884, Philadelphia. Pa. 


The Dignity of Labor. 

Labor, honest labor, is mighty 
and beautiful. Activity is the ruling 
element of our lives, and its highest 
relish, luxury and conquest, are the 
results of labor. We can imagine 
nothing without it. The noblest 
man on earth is he who puts his 
hands cheerfully and proudly to 
honest toil. Labor is a business and 
ordinance of God. Suspend labor 
and where are the glory and pomp 
of the world ; the fruit fields and 
palaces, and the fashioning of matter 
for which men strive and wage war ? 
Let the labor-scorn er look to him- 
self and see what are the trophies. 
From the crown of his head to the 
sole of his foot he is the debtor and 
slave of toil. The labor which he 
scorns has converted him into a 
statue and appearance of a man. 
Where gets he his apparel and 
equipage ? Let labor answer. 

Labor, which makes music in the 
factory, shop and mill, scorn not, 
man, who never yet earned a morsel 
of bread. Labor pities you, proud 
fool, and laughs you to scorn. You 
shall pass to dust forgotten, but 
labor will live on forever, glorious in 
its conquests and achievements. 

Labor, the mighty magician, goes 
forth into a region uninhabited and 
a dreary waste ; it views earnestly 
the scene so quiet in its desolation; 
then weaving its wonder-working 
hand, those bare hills and valleys 
smile with, golden harvests. The 

furnace blazes, the anvil rings ; the 
sound of the hammer and saw and 
the humming of the mighty engine 
are heard on every hand. The 

town appears. The mart of com- 
merce, the hall of science, the tem- 
ples of religion rear high their lofty 
towers, and far off regions make it 
their resort. Science enlists the ele- 
ments of earth and the heavens in its 
service ; art, awakening, clothes its 
strength with beauty ; civilization 
smiles and liberty is glad ; piety ex- 
ults, for the voice of industry is 
heard on every side. 

Workmen, walk worthily of your 
vocation. You have a noble calling. 
Disgrace it not. Stoop not from your 

lofty throne to defile yourself with 
intemperence, licentiousness or any 
form of evil. United labor, allied 
with virtue, true honor and worth, 
may look up to heaven and not 
blush; while all the worldly dignities 
prostituted to vice, will leave their 
owners without a corner in which to 
hide their shame. You will success- 
fully prove the honor of toil by illus- 
trating in your own person its alliance 
with a sober, righteous and godly life. 
The men of toil who work in a spirit 
of obedient, loving homage to God, 
do no less than cherubims and Sera- 
phims in their loftiest flights and 
holiest songs. 

Labor united will achieve grander 
victories and hold wider sway than 
those won by the world’s greatest 
generals. Their names will become 
tainted and their monuments crum- 
ble, but united labor converts battle- 
fields, made red by the blood of brave 
man, into gardens, and erects monu- 
ments significant of better things. 
It rides in a chariot drawn by the 
advancing civilization. It writes 
with the lightning. It sits crowned 
as a queen in a thousand cities and 
towns, lifting hundreds and thou- 
sands of laboring people from the 
depths of poverty to bright, intelli- 
gent, virtuous and useful lives. 

United labor sends up its roar of 
triumph from a million wheels, it 
glistens in the fabric ol the loom, 
it rings and sparkles from the steel 
hammer, it glories in figures of 
beauty and grace, it speaks in words 
of power, it makes the sinewy arm 
strong with liberty and the poor 
man’s heart rich with contentment. 
It crowns the swarthy brow with 
honor, dignity and peace ; it brings 
comfort and joy to the poor man’s 
hearthstone and places before every 
bright young mechanic of the country 
the brightest prospects of a nobler 
and higher life. 

Where is the honest toiler who 
does not love a comfortable and 
happy home? But in the opinion 
of the writer, very few will ever be 
able to sit under their own home and 
fig tree except through the channels 
of trades unionism. So don’t sit 
in hope with arms folded; fortune 
smiles on those who roll up their 
sleeves and put their shoulder to the 
wheel. You cannot dream yourself 
into a character. You must ham- 
mer and forge yourself one. To 
love and to labor is the object of 
living, yet how many think they live 
who neither love nor labor. The 
man or woman who feels above labor 
and despises the laborer shows a 
want of common sense and forgets 
that every article that is used is the 
product of more or less labor. 

The noblest thing on earth is 
honest labor, skilled labor, and when 
well organized, will bring order out 
of chaos. It turns deadly bogs and 
swamps into grain-bearing fields, it 
rears cities, it adorns the earth with 
architectural monuments and beauti- 

fies them with works of art. It 
whitens the seas with the wings of 
commerce, it unites distant states 
with bands of railroads and brings 
foreign countries into direct com- 
munication by thousands of miles of 
telegraph wires. 

Yes, labor was of divine^origin, 
but God in that command did not 
intend that man should be doomed 
to a life of slavery to satisfy the greed 
of a few against the many. We be- 
lieve the man who works at the 
bench, at the machine, at the press 
or at the forge is called as]^much as 
the minister of the gospel and should 
receive the respect that is due him . 

No one should disgrace labor by 
simply taking anything he can get. 
Because God did not intend, when 
he said, “in the sweat of thy face 
thou shalt earn thy bread,” that a 
man should labor in a slavish man- 
ner and not receive the just rewards 
for his labor, but that everyone 
should receive*a living, and wherever 
honest toil fails in this respect, it 
shows there is something wrong. It 
is either upon the part of the em- 
ploye, who may not be in a position 
to demand a living wage, or it may 
be on the part of the employer, who 
is not willing to live and let live. 
Whenever one agrees to labor for an 
amount that is not sqfficient for him- 
self and family, disgraces labor, does 
himself and family an injustice, and 
retards the progress of the com- 

Workingmen, take this home with 
you and think over it. Let labor no 
longer be disgraced, but let every 
honest toiler come to the front and 
stand by the principles of united 
labor, and victory will be the result 
for the workingmen of this country. 
— Carp€7iter^^ in Jacksonville Dis- 

Places Where Work is Dull. 

suspension of building operations 
other causes, carpenters and joii 
are requested to stay away from 
following places : 

Birmingham, Alabama ; Color 
Springs, Col. ; Cripple Creek, C< 
Denver, Col, ; Victor, Col. ; Bloi 
ington. 111. ; Canton, 111. ; Lino 
111. ; Alpena, Mich. ; Minneape 
Minn. ; Kansas City, Mo. ; St. U 
Mo. ; Butte, Mont. ; Helena, Mor 
Omaha, Neb. ; New Orange, N. 
Buffalo, N.Y.; Oklahoma City, O. 
Scranton, Pa. ; Taylor, Pa. ; Seat 
Wash.; Cleburne, Tex. ; Los Ange 
Cal. ; Asheville, N. C. ; Cedar R 
ids, la. ; Charleston, S. C. ; Will 
Barre, Pa. ; Savannah, Ga; Co 
cana, Texas; Pueblo, Colo.; L 
Kan.; Philadelphia, Pa.; Chica 
111.; Mobile, Ala.; Salt Lake C 

Do not be deceived by advertise- 
ments in the Eastern or Western 

King Labor. 

I reign where the anrir* muelc rings, 

As it fashions the burnished steel , 

r reign where the crystal fountain sings. 
As it turns the ponderous wheel. 

My realm is the ocean’s" billowy cr«*st, 
Where the ships of commerce plow : 

My sway, where the wild bald eagles »es 
On the mountain's craggy brow. 

Dominion is mine where the palm tree h 
Its fronds and its fruitage high; 

And plays with the tips of the fleecy 0 
That lazily float the sky. 

And jurisdiction is mine alone, 

With neither a bond nor chain, 

In the amber light of the tepid seoo. 

O’er the fields of golden grain. 

My scepter is over the rock-hound er«. 

In the hidden depths of earth ; 

And my hand must lift its treasured stors, 
Ere it has a passing worth. 

And far to the north where the wild winds 
My empire spreads amain ; 

And there I bequeath my heritage 
To him that lores my reign. 

The rod of empire, too, I wield, 

Where the tree of knowledge grows , 

And over the heavenly favored field 
Where the rose of Sharon blows. 

Divine my right, sinee it is said, 

In the book of faith and trust ; 

“ By the sweat of thy brow shalt thou 
Till thy dust dnsL” 

A monarch I, wheresoe’er you look, 

From the torrids to the pole, . 

While others may rule o’er their little n 
I reign o’er the boundless whole. 


British Workman’s 


As a parody on Kipling’s J*®** 

(ieorgs R. Sims has written the 
dealing with the English elections to 

Ingman. The sentiment applies 
A merican wageworker and his expm 

I walked in a percesshin with a 
And they said I was a noosance in 8 
the Strand ; 

I spouted at a meeting which was 

square, ^^^d t® 

But they^sent the oops to charge 
me out of there. 


Oh, It’s “ Demmygog ” •■nd ‘ 

** Damn the lazy lout,” 

But it’s “Bless the British workman, 

ballot box about. hall®^ 

The ballot box about, my ^ ® 


Oh, it’s “ Bless the British workman, 
ballot box about 

I struck for better wages, and they 

fool, ^ 

And the crafty hagitator merely 

tool; we had®’* 

And when the kids was starving an . 

nor bite, j,d ® 

They on y shrugged their shoulders, 
it sarved me right 

For it’s “ Ruin*to the country,” and.l*^ 
and crime, . 

But it’s ” Sacred rights o’ labor” 

ist i 

Just about election time, my lada» 

tiontime; ♦ abou^®^®^ 

Oh, it’s “ Sacred rights o’ labor ” 

-D(l * 

A a noosan<^ 

I’m lazy and ;i’m ’ulking, and 

CU81, s 

And I sits on trade and commerc 

inkybus, , nd a 

I’m a-draggin’ down the hempi*’® a 
the rates, 

And a ’orny ’anded ’mnbug wbatt e 

For it’s “ Workingmen are dufTers, 
never worth a groat ; ” 

But it’s “ British bone and sinew ^ 

your blooming vote, jgd» 

They wants your blooming i 


General Officers 


Brotherhood of Car- 
P^oters and Joiners 
0^ America. 


uilding, 46 N. Twelfth Street, 
f^niladelphia, Pa. 

ötNe St, Yonkers. N.Y. 


• 0. Box 884, Philadelphia, Pa. 

SR. »6,0 W. Polk St, Chicego lit 
»,*“-LIAM *a* Br,c 

“'"««r. 5 ^'*y Avenue, 

SXEouTive Board. 

‘ *'> «'* Gener.i°^ *'’* 

M. lane 

Milled ’ ^^&ecombe ave.. New York. 

‘‘Ictfo. ^LL, 1013 W. 86th St.. SU. P. 

PRpty _ 

V ^'Scip[^ s:reat indus- 

mas keeps its en- 


'"S to t{, '^°"‘^itions by present- 
of un- ^ ® well ordered 

mtene*'^’ ^°”oord and progres- hailed 
^odern^^'j bulwark 

?*“>Pionine TfT° 

n S'ish I0U Burns, the great 

*'^*iment'\ u*" (elected to 

'"'"'^'Oent .r recognized in the 
^■^Pite. salvation of the 

socipf labor shows 

*Ppiiigs without its 

?')®roag . . ^*^0 advocating the 
*^o opportu- 

d ^ fouehr of all nations, 

A'^^'fatio" the increasing 

w displacement of 

Nand by the impor- 

froij5 t^*^.f^'°y*rient of cheap 

Oif^^^ple xxrU with work- 

N i^^^tunitv f ^ plead for an 


W"’'='al fanf " World 

titl of caused bythe vast 

'‘ouKr '^ho fr, land. 

*<»411« the renl'^'^®r ®”*'&'‘^tion by 
Ihti '»«d L 1 ^ ^he farmer and 

'lohu.^t Who f,.,“' ^‘tled land- 

•»»ill « the renl'^^^^r ®”*'&'‘^tion by 
atl '"tad 1, 1 ^ ^he farmer and 

*“'i 4 .'oi:' “’' 

tk t'r feehi and driving 

tfrii ^*^Ocuoa,.^ the workhouse. 
\ .V** thiscol^”^ emigrants who 
<8go five y. are very varied. 

Hsd fading June 30th, 

\k ^’*40 a° professions com- 

tn. ^»rs ., ’ ^ad lncliiri»ri 

t»ck ° *4o a ,. professions com 
S cler " *”oluded musicians, 

Ve ^^^siciao ^*^tists, sculp 

ill *0c .,.„ ®> and actors. TIia« 

fian, 7 

-Sri -148 ’ ^‘^^“rs. There 

»tfs^ mec]^^^."'ao claimed to be 

St/^'*emake?’ *”*^^“tiing mari- 
^<lor '■arpenters and 
’ '^Wlcj ! , dress- makers, 
acksmiths, masons. 

weavers, bakers, butchers, tobacco 
workers, barbers, and painters. The 
greater proportion of workers is to 
be found in the miscellaneous.occu- 
pations . They represented 74. i per 
cent., or 6151638 of the total, in- 
cluding’ 306,000 laborers, 161,000 
servants, 101,000 farmers, 24,000 
merchant dealers or peddlers. Of 
course there is a large class of ®uii- 
grants termed “ birds of passage,” 
who remain pnly temporarily in the 
United States, returning to their for- 
eign homes after having earned suf- 
ficient to keep them in comfort for 
a season. Along the Canadian bor- 
der they pass to and fro daily, while 
those from Europe come here in the 
spring and go back in the fall. The 
number of such cannot be deter- 
mined, but it is believed to be very 

Trades unions, the outcome of or- 
ganized labor, are endeavoring, by 
having undesirable immigration re- 
stricted, to put a stop to this, thereby 
improving the condition of the labor- 
ing classes generally. It is reported 
by 154 unions that in [six; years 
17 322 members were displaced by 
emigrants; and 97 organizations 
having a membership of 22,318 de- 
clared that the term of employment 
of these members was materially les- 
sened, with a resulting decrease m 
wage-earnings by the surplusage of 
alien labor overcrowding the trades. 
Decrease in wages through surplus- 
age of labor causes strikes. 

Many people are as indifferent to 

the effect of a strike as they are to 

the cause. They hear that t»*« pra- 
ters are on strike, or it may be 

street railroad employes or one of the 

building trades ; they read that some 
thousands of cloakmakers or cap- 
makers or knee pants makers are on 

strike, and ease their conscience of 

any further inquiry by remarking 
.ho„ ,,st.sid.r, .tnkmg 
»gain?” „««rearing lo”»"““' 

never dreaming of the Em- 

ployers are of.en unscrupnl»«*.'” the 
'adyantage they 

labor, forcing ont tried and falthiu 
employee, and introducing em.g«« 
Ubor L account of its eheapness. 
Only by restrictions on emigration 
can^labor dissatisfaction be allayed 
and strikes become a thing of the 
oast Organized labor as a isci- 

pUnarianhas been so far most e®^ 

dons It has already oompeUe 
great department stores to treat their 


reform in the system J 
fines ; vacations with pay. 
omoense for overtime. 

Tentitles the American »orking- 
„man .0 the same protection m 

her attempts atbread winning which 

the American man teceives, and 



Setrdry. in the paint shop. » 


Black Diamond Files and Rasps 












Tools for Woodworkers 

We carry a full line of 
first-class tools, of the 
standard makes, at fair 

J^cFadden ^ompany 
733 Arch Street Philadelphia 

the tailoring establishment,^ in the 
contractor’s yard, in the print shop, 
and wherever the welfare of the 
workingman is looked after by a 
trades union. In such places the 
labor is skilled, intelligent and faith- 
ful, and the natural result is pros- 

The greatest enemy that organized 
j labor has to contend with is ignor- 
j ance. Trades people, small mcr- 
! chants, manufacturers and con- 
I tractors are ignorant of the benefi- 
j cent results of a trades union. 

I Potter Palmer, the multi-million- 
aire, for ten years made as desperate 
a fight against organized labor as 
ever was made by mortal man. It 
cost him more than $1,000,000 to 
realize that there was no labor so 
skilled, so intelligent, so faithful as 
that which was governed by an 
organization whose laws recognized 
that employers have rights which 
labor must respect, and whose offi- 
cials are well balanced, level-headed 
men, who can distinguish between 
real and imaginary grievances. Mr. 

Palmer says: “When the men in 
my mills first organized and sent 
their committee to me to discuss 
questions at issue between us, my 
indignation at their presumption was 
unbounded, and I discharged them 
all and precipitated a strike. I em- 
ployed non-union labor, and in ten 
years I had transformed one of the 
best paying plants in the West into 
an almost hopeless wreck. Every- 
thing went wrong. Men got drunk, 

machinery broke down, product was 
returned, orders turned down, ex- 
pense increased, and revenue dimin- 
ished until one was unable to meet 
the other. I finally realized my 
mistake and corrected it, and I now 
employ none but organized labor, 
and never have the least trouble, 
each believing that the one has no 
right to oppress the other.” 

This fight by Mr. Palmer was the 
result of ignorance. The men that 
he employed in place of union labor 
were to a large extent ignorant 
men, drunkards, a menace to their 
employer’s interests, criminal and 
incompetent. Other large manu- 
facturers besides Mr. Palmer, and 
many of the great trusts and monop- 
olies have realized the vital impor- 
tance to communities of trades 
unions. — Exchange, 

The Careless Orator. 

An orator in Missouri got off the fol- 
lowing : “ We live in a land of high 
mountains and high taxes, low wages, 
big, crooked rivers and crooked 
statesmen, big lakes and big strikes 
big drunks and big pumpkins, big 
men with pumpkin heads, silver 
streams that gambol in the mountains, 
and pious politicians that gamble in 
the night, roaring cataracts and roar- 
ing orators, fast horses and fast young 
men, sharp lawyers, sharp financiers, 
and sharp nosed gossips, fertile 
plains that lie like sheets of water, 
and thousands of newspapers that lie 
like thunder. * ’ -Argonaut, 



The London Letter. 


LARGE number of gov- 
ernmental returns are 
just out from the Labor 
department of the Board 
of Trade, and although they are the 
latest issued they cover the year 
1898, The report on trade unions 
shows that at December of that year 
there were just* five carpenters and 
joiners^ unions in the United King- 
dom. I hree of these were large 
national societies and two were 
minute local ones. The Amalga- 
mated Societies had 744 branches, 
56,634 members and $895,740 'in 
reserve ; the Associated vSocieties 
(of Scotland) had 168 branches, 
9,331 members and $85,985 in 
funds, while the General Union had 
209 branches, 6,684 niembers and 
$38,650. The two little societies 
were the Northampton Local Opera- 
tive Carpenters with fifteen members 
and the Perseverance Carpenters of 
London with 407 on its rolls. 

Another delayed return deals with 
the strike and lockout of 1898, and 
affords interesting analysis. There 
were altogether 71 1 disputes, em- 
bracing directly and indirectly 253,- 
907 men or women and causing a 
total loss of over fifteen million 
working days. Out of these 183 
disputes, affecting in the gross 16,- 
684 individuals and covering a total 

379» 170 working days, are allotted 
to the building trades. Upwards of 
a score of these disputes intimately 
concerned the carpentry and joinery 

The biggest of these was the two 
days’ strike at Edinburgh and Leith. 
No fewer than 1,445 craftsmen came 
out on April 15th against a proposed 
reduction in the extra rates for over- 
time. In the previous year mutual 
conferences had removed all troubles 
except this one, which had been 
hanging about for over six months. 
After the two days, however, the 
employers gave in and agreed to 
continue paying the old rates. 

The next largest was in Bradford 
and the surrounding district. On 
«May 2d, 800 carpenters and joiners 
struck for a raise in wages from 16 
to 17 cents per hour and a reduction 
in the winter hours of labor. On 
June 6th the advance was granted 
upon the men agreeing to waive the 
winter hours question. 

On tlif^ same date in May, 300 
cari>enters struck at York for an 
advance in wages from 15 to 17 cents 
per hour. They had a longer spell 
out, as it was not until September 2d 
tliat the men returned to work at a 
rate of i 6 j 4 cents per hour. A 
couple of days later in May another 

hatrh of rarpenfpr« «truck at 

Reading for a 55)^ hour week and 
16 cents per hour. In the last week 
in May an agreement was arrived at 
by which the men received the 16- 
cent rate and a portion of the reduc- 
tion in hours. 

An important though smaller com- 
bined strike and lock-out occurred * 
about the same time at Hartlepool. 
The men at one firm refused to fix 
prepared joinery which J had been 
made under unfair conditions. The 
firm belonged to the local association 
of employers, and when its employes 
struck it appealed to the association, 
with the result that a general lockout 
w^as ordered thoughout the town, 
nearly a hundred carpenters being 
concerned. The trouble ended on 
June 1 8th, when, the strikers having 
found work in other quarters, the 
obnoxious firm withdrew from the 
employers’ association and the asso- 
ciation declared the lockout off. 

Another sarriple of dispute broke 
out at Hull in March and lasted for 
eight weeks. The joiners claimed 
work which was being done by cabi- 
net makers at a lower rate of pay. 
In the end it was agreed that joiners 
should henceforward always fix this 
disputed work. Again, when the 
concreters’ laborers struck at Leeds 
because they objected to work with 
non-union concreters’ laborers, the 
joiners on the same job came out 
after five weeks in sympathy, with 
the result that this brought the 
trouble to an end suddenly, the 
troublesome laborers agreeing to 
join the union of their trade. 

Prepared joinery was the occasion 
of another strike about the same time 
in Leicester. The joiners refused to 
fix doors unless they were given 
proof as to the fairness of their man- 
ufacture. After ten days the em- 
ployers did this tremendous thing, 
and the men being satisfied returned 
to work. The same city was later on 
in the year visited by another dispute 
over this same question of prepared 
joinery, but the matter, after hover- 
ing dangerously near a general lock- 
out, was amicably settled, as also was 
an allied question of w*orking with 

The remaining disputes were just 
ordinary, generally over an increase 
of one or two cents per hour, and 
generally ending successfully. 

So much for the information con- 
tained in these belated Blue Books — 
* and now to more up-to-date matter. 

Secretary F. Chandler, in common 
with a great many more thinking 
men, see in the hostilities that are 
now proceeding in Africa a menace 
to the run of prosperous trade which 
this kingdom has for the last year or 

twob^^^n <*nioviner. und which has had 

SO excellent a result in the vastly 
improved unionization of the 
workers . 

The Amalgamated Society has 
taken into its ranks a little local inde- 
pendent union in Limerick known as 
the Ancient Order of Carpenters 
and Joiners. 

The General Union members have 
rejected the proposal for a set of four 
district organizers, which was drawn 
up by the Executive in order to meet 
the views of those members who 
were in favor of a new system of 
organizers. The ground is now open 
again for suggestions. 

This same union has to deplore 
the death of its highly capable and 
esteemed general-president, Richard 
Griffiths, who has fallen a victim to 
the present epidemic of enteric fever. 
He had been but a few days re-elected 
to his post. He will be succeeded 
by David Frazer, who stood second 
to him upon the ballot totals. 

Strikes are in progress at New- 
port and amongst the ship joiners of 
Cardiff, Barry, Penarth and district. 
Shipwrights’ apprentices are being 
used on joiners’ work in connection 
with this latter dispute, and the ques- 
tion of the legitimacy of this is being 
discussed by the Engineering and 
Ship-building Trades’ Federation. 

Be Careful What You Say. 

In speaking of a person’s fault 
Pray don’t forget your own ; 

Bemeraber those with homes of glass, 
Sho*ald seldom throw a stone. 

If we have nothing else to do 
But talk of those who sin 

’Tis belter we commence at home, 

And from that point begin. 

We have no right to judge a man 
Until he’s fairly tried; 

Should wo not like his company, 

We know the world is wide. 

Some may have faults — and who have not? 
The old as well as the young; 

Perhaps we may. for naught we know. 
Have tifty to their one. 

Then let us all when we commence 
To slander friend or foe. 

Think of the harm the word may do 
To those who little know. 

Remember curses, sometimes, like 
Our chickens, “ roost at home,” 

Don't speak of other’s faults until 
We have none of our own. 

The Agitator. 

It is the very greatest folly in the 
world for an agitator to be content 
with a partial success. It destroys 
his cause. He fades instantly. 
You cannot see hii^. He becomes 
part of the corrupt and contented 
public. His business is to make 
others demand good administration. 
He must never reap, but always 
sow. Let him leave the reaping to 
others. Such men as Wendell 
Phillips were not extravagant. 
They were practical men. Their 
business was to get heard. They 
used vitriol, but they were dealing 
with the hide of the rhinoceros. — J. 
I. Chaf)nt.ayt in. Atlaniir.. 

Labor News of the 


The building trades of 0 
agitating for a general eig 
workday. , 

Cincinnati wood j ^ ' 

jubilant because they obta 
increase in wages. 

More than 

on strike in Boston fo^ 
ment of their condition. 

The Union P^«erntnakers 

Chicago, 111 ., have ^»pril ist- 

mand a nine-hour day alte 

There is a great general 
textile workers in Bohemia» ^ 
for a common work-day o te 


Only firms paying the ^ 

printers’ scale are allows 

bids for doing city printing 

• six 

Over 4,000 workmen 
cigarette factories in .feas« 

have gone on strike for an 
in wages. 

A GREAT national railway s 
expected in England 
demand of the railway w 
the eight-hour day. 


Sixteen co-operative 

Scotland have a capita 
$ 350,000 and a business 
$^, 000,000 a year. 

Three San Francisco 
locked out their cloa "in 
cause of their refusal to 
Cloakmakers’ Union. 

pf jlH* 

Most of the boilerniaker^^^^^^^ j, 
waukee are on strike to a 

--■-- hour w'orkday an 

i day 


J decided unanimously 
union bricklayers sha j],e 

sewer construct.on 


imum of $2.75 ^ 
'he Aldermen of 


he . 

iE Ministers and 

mbly of St. Pan > gtin^® . , 
ed to hold monthly pfob 


loldmonin.^ pr 

discussion ol 

c hundred °P®’?*''Ler 
•ican Hide and ^ >1» j 

Tanneries, at 
struck for an 

hundred mine^® 



/E hundred 

.nCoal andCok b 

, near Taswell, 

: for an increase o 


ployees of the ^pve‘- 

>ad have launche , P 

re that road gWe 

the carpenter 


es'i similar to that recently 

by the Pennsylvania 

east of Pittsburg. 

^ nl companies are said to 

Southern Europe with 
V '^'^^ements that the $ 35 , 000,000 

"'fnt employ- 
ees ^ of at good 

inv commission is engaged 

^‘np- automatic coup-, 

tage oars. The percen- 

the Dr death caused by 

system has been so great 
^"iorm is demanded. 

fuOEg 4.L 

^feett f workwomen in 

^^eino Chiasse, in the 

^^^inst have struck 

P''oposeH of wages. The 

would give each 
eleven twenty-five cents for 

hours’ work. 

of the Wabash Rail- 
meet the heads 
Subject T brotherhoods on the 

em ^^crease of wages for 

^cnsicf but have promised 

Answer uiatter and give an 

soon as possible.” 

Executive Board of 
*ca j Mine Workers of Amer- 
m assessment of 25 

^^bkers i^^ support of the 

J^^arly Southwest, who for 

the been fight- 

nri Eour Coal Company 

in wages. 

iu So, 000 coal miners on 

Most of them are 

^trihe i A 

'Workers 1 

ti^ Bohemian mines, 
Via movement began in 

hy^v ^ 

_PVb8 to 50, the French 

‘^her to 50, the French 

^Btities decreed the 
a({^^^'''ill be ^be ten-hour law. 


t, 110,325 

>• A1 433,637 

t^bch ■ ^o per cent, of 

the .^ptrial workers come 
*^'^*sions of this act. 


^ and ^ .'''^‘"ent oeg; 
>theei„n., rinthia. The men 
Qf ^'bour workday, recog - 
Dav ^ ^ '^uion, and monthly* 
in cash. 

?*^^^ni2:e a ^^^ing arrangements to 
t'tuon with the object of 
^tm hours of work, 
hours a day is the 
^be men hope by 
to Sec, perfect organiza- 

a reduction. 

is ^twerp metal-workers’ 
^^timing serious propor- 
ioclced ''^bo are on strike 

h ^ Vl S«. number 2,000. 

to steamer Southwark is 
Vork / ^ bs usual sailing to 
' «“I ol repairs. All 

°Ps are closed. 

It is reported from Halifax, N.S. 
that the Executive Council of the 
Provincial Miners’ Association has 
decided to demand an increase of 
wages to dale from May ist next. 
The advance is five cents per ton on 
coal mined and ten per cent, on the 
pay of other labor employed. All 
the coal mine operators have been 
notified, and the miners’ representa- 
tives request an answer by March 

PooLE, the famous London tailor, 
patriotically offered to make gratis 
and bestow a hundred uniforms on the 
London Volunteers who may go out 
to South Africa. The patriotic offer 
won much public applause. But 
the cheers came too soon, for it 
turns out that Poole has got into 
trouble with his trades-union work- 
men for attempting to compel them 
to work at these uniforms at less 
than union wages. 

Millerand, the French Minister 
of Commerce, is a firm believer, 
evidently, in the necessity of ener- 
getically enforcing old laws before 
agitating for new ones. He has 
issued a very stringent circular to the 
factory inspectors to see whether or 
not there are any complaints. Hie 
inspectors are also ordered to act in 
conjunction with trade union repre- 
sentatives and with the secretaries of 
the labor bureaus. 

Owing to the fact that 90,000 coal 
miners are on strike in the Austrian 
Empire, there is a lack of coal, and 

many factories have been compelled 
to close down. The government is 

keenly alive to the danger of 
national disintegration owing to race 
antipathies, and is making efforts to 
secure arbitration of the dispute^ 
Workingmen of other trades and 
other countries are sending dona- 
tions to the strikeis.^^ 

The Arnot and Landrus, Pa., 

miners’ .strike of eight months ended 

last week by the miners getting 
their twelve and one-half per cent 
advance and winning their strike. 
All get their work back again with- 
out any discrimination. Those 
that were evicted go back to their 
homes again in Arnot and Landrus. 
There is general rejoicing by the 
miners, the citizens and business 
men that the conflict is ended and 
that work has been resumed. 

The rug factory at Millmay, a 

village several miles east of Vine- 
land N J., has fallen into the hands 
of the workmen, who were forced to 

take the manufactory to save their 
wages, amounting in all to $ 95 ^, 
owed them by the former proprietor^ 
The workmen took the stock, worth 
about $900, and formed a co-opera 

live association. They elected W. 

A Hardy, of Vineland, president. 
Parties in Philadelphia are furnish- 
ing raw material, and the factory 

^ Besides tools for the workshop. Files of all ^ 
^ standard makes, Saws for wood and metal, ^ 
^ Hammers for the blacksmith, Hatchets for ^ 
^ the carpenter, we have many labor saving ^ 
^ appliances for family use. ^ 

g See our Food Chopper 3 

^ it cuts Meat and Vegetables g 


I W. H. & G. W. ALLEN | 

^ II3 Market Street Philadelphia ^ 


Sees Sh Faber 


2008-2010 North Front Street, 

-Philadelphia, Pa. 


Moulders, Bricklayers, Pla.sterers, Contractors, Plumbers, Carpenters, 
Cabinet and Pattern Makers, Loom F'ixers and Machinists. 



Sheet Gum, Packing, Gaskets, Gauge Glasses, Jenkin’s Valves and 
Discs, Pipe Stocks and Dies, Pipe Wrenches, Cutters, Vises, etc. 

Other Tools are very good Tools, but — 

“YANKEE” TOOLS are better. 


Sizes : 2. 3, 4 , 5, 6, 8. 10, 12 inches. 


Slim blade, with ünger turn, for light work. Sizes : 2. 3, 4, 6 inches. 


Drives screws in by pushing handle, or by ratchet movement. Made in three sizes. 


rkt-iv#»s or takes out screws by pushing on handle, or by ratchet movement. Can be used as 
^ rigid screw drivf*r at any part of its length. 


For drilling metals and all kinds of woods. Chuck will hold drills 8-16 inch diameter or 



wor horinff wood for setting screws, brads, nails, etc., can be used in hard or soft wood with- 
. * out splitting. Pushing on handle revolves drill Each drill has 8 drill 

points in magazine inside handle as shown in cut below. 

. nn a su 


Insist on “YANKEE” TOOLS 


Descriptive Circulars will be sent free by Manufacturers. 




(Thi* Department is open for criticism and 
correspondence from our readers on mechanical 
subjects in Carpentry, and ideas as to Craft 

Write on one side of the paper only. All 
articles should be signed. 

Matter for this Department must be in this 
office by the asth ol the month.) 

Wanted — A Snow Plow. 

From Green Bay, Wis. 

I want to make a snow-plow to be 
drawn by one horse, to clean off 
snow from a narrow sidewalk. Per- 
haps some fellow-chip can help me. 

Satisfied With It. 

From Willis B., Detroit. 

I think the plan of half-truss roof 
shown by J. S. N., of Pittsburg, a 
very good one. At first sight I 
thought it threw too much strain on 
the end of the lookout, until I con- 
sidered the value of the upright stud, 
which transfers a large portion of the 
weight to the inside of the lookout 
piece and the joists. The scheme 
is all right and may be relied upon to 
do its work faithfully. 

Bowling Alley Floor. 

From T. B., Toronto, Can. 

If W. B. G., in November num- 
ber of Carpenter, will glue his 
bowling alley stuff together, he will 
make the best job of it. The proper 
way is to start with a centre strip, 
then work from both sides. This 
allows the work to continue without 
a break. Nails or screws are objec- 
tionable in many ways. 

On Sheathing. 

From T. P. Me. , Duluth. 

H. S. P., Fort Worth, should 
keep the joints of his vertical sheath- 
ing tight and well nailed, and the 
work is just as strong and as effective 
as if put up on the wall diagonally. 
There is a good deal of nonsense 
about this diagonal sheathing. 
Boarding put on either vertical or 
horizontally, when well done, is just 
as good and as strong as if done 
diagonally and costs much less. 

That Bridging Question. 

From Nolan, Louisville. 

The architect was right when he 
desired R. A. B. to put in his bridg- 
ing edgewise instead of on its fiat ; 
though, in the case in point, either 
method was strong enough. But, 
after all, there is only one right way 
and it is always best to keep to it. 
People do not lay joists on their flat ; 
they stand them on edge. The 
same rule and the same reason apply 
to bridging. 

Forming Ovals. 

From Fred. K. L. 

An oval is not exactly an ellipse 
but is a figure approaching in shape 
nearly to that of an ellipse. For 
many practical purposes the oval 
answers just as well as an ellipse, and 
is much more readily constructed. 
The diagrams shown at Fig. 2, are 
ovals and are all drawn with the com- 
pass, by first drawing two circles as 
shown, and then connecting them 
with a part of a larger circle as 
shown. The radius for the larger 


circle may be of such length as may 
be required to suit the work in hand, 
but its centre must always be equi- 
distant from the centres of the smaller 
circles, as shown by the dotted lines 
in the diagrams. The smaller circles 
must, of course, be described to the 
proper size required and at such dis- 
tance from each other as to regulate 
the dimensions wanted. Perhaps 
other readers of the Carpenter may 
have some better methods of form- 
ing ovals than this, if so, I am sure 
we, the readers, would be pleased to 
see them. 

Setting Studs for a Corner of 
Bay Window. 

From R., Toledo. 

Will some one send a sketch of 
how to place the studs at the corner 
of an octagon bay window. The 
building is a frame, and will be 
boarded on outside ; sashes to be 

A Question Answered. 

From G. N., New York City. 

S. F., of Oswego, could easily 
get in his semi-circular glass if he 
had made his sashes with a groove in 
the rebate, into which one edge of 
the glass is pushed far enough to 
admit of the other edge of the glass 
slipping into the rebate, when it can 
be moved back from the groove 
until it fits in its place properly. 
Care must be taken to have the 
groove large enough to allow of the 
glass to move in and out easily, or 
the glass will get fractured. 

Stair Baluster and Rail with 
Wavy Newel and Balusters. 

From Chip, Omaha. 

I am to build a stair with a sort of 
spiral or wavy newel and balusters, 
and not having seen anything of the 
kind would be pleased to have some 
fellow chip submit a design or two of 
this kind of stair finish. 

Framing Timbers. 

From J. G. McK. , Milwaukee. 

The designs shown by T. R., of 
La Crosse, will serve his purpose 
very well. The methods are 
English, and more work is done on 

them than is necessary. The foot of 
the slanting timber need not have a 
double shoulder, though a tenon 
may be useful in order to prevent 
the strut from slipping edgewise. 
I submit two methods, which I 
think are just as strong as the ones 
described in December Carpenter, 
and that can be framed with much 
less work, an important matter these 

A Curious Puzzle. 

From Willie B. 

A man in our shop, the other day 
showed me a curious puzzle in the 
shape of a stick about i inch square 
and 5 or 6 inches long, made of two 
pieces of wood — walnut and pine — 
dovetailed in the middle of its length; 
with the dovetail showing on two of 
the corners only. I have been try- 
ing to find out how the trick was 
done but have not been able, and 
the man will not tell us. Does any 
reader of the Carpenter know how 
it is done, and if so will he publish 
the way for the benefit of myself and 
others ? 

To Make Fence Posts Last. 

From Dan. Van B., East Orange, 
N. J. 

The life of a fence post is depend- 
ent largely on the kind of ground 
in which it is planted. Some kinds 
of sand will actually burn, so to 
speak, the bottom of the post, while 
other kinds seem to preserve it. 
Chestnut should stand well in yellow 
clay or in fine sandy loam.' A good 
way to render a post impervious to 
rot is to soak it in hot fish oil. Dip- 
ping in hot newly slaked lime will 
also lengthen the life of a post. The 

hemical character of I 

Lowever, may counteract t es | 


An Excellent Suggestion- 

From Joe J. 

I find lots of good things i 
Carpenter and am 
the idea that it is doing a go® 
and helping with a strong * 

in assisting him to help hn^^e 
by ably championing 
against the natural (iitic 

race. I have thought for so 
that the area of its .(fuc* 

be extended if a few simp e 
tions on wood carving were 
from time to time, as 
penters are called upon no 
again to do little jobs 
if they possessed the require 
ledge and skill to do th'S 

work tastefully and speedi y» ^ 

■ ‘ sa 

to command 


enlarge their opportunities an P 

I mention 

ably enable them 
higher rate of pay. ^ 
so that my fellow readers may 
an opportunity of thinking 
ter over and giving 
their thoughts. To help t ^ 

along I will offer occasiona 
of a simple nature for carving^ 
editor deems them worthy 0 ^ 
in his excellent journal. 
we all who read 
something in the way o 
tions of this kind, 
of us so poor that we ca 

tribute something that 

fellow workmen a 



will help 
If we 

gol'^e ^ 

not answer a question ^qucs* 
problem we can certainly 
tion, and sometimes a very 
question may lead up a 
taftt matter. 

(We shall be much 

jeceive suggestions or 
any of our members in of 

or any other subject that w ^gp.) 
interest to our many readers- 

nf St“'**’ 

Finding the Number 
Joists, etc. 



From W. McO. -...vbro^K 

T would like to know if betted 

chip can give a quicker o ^^ber 
method for figuring tha" 

studs and joists for a bui 





the one I am going 
Where joists or studs ^ 
placed 1 6 inch centres, ^ ^ 

is to get the length of 
in feet and then drop o 

of this, and the balance w 

number of studs require • fgct, 

a building measures 40 

then we have 120 feet i 

all around the buildl^S» 

forties for the sides and tv 

for the ends. Now de ^ ^ 

feet one-quarter, which w 

feet and this would j 

of 90 feet which would be 

of studs required to 

the buildinc^ if placed 1 ^ 



to centre; but one more stud 
Th*^^ , ^ ^^ded for the finishing end. 

stud *r number of 

^ ^ or any building when the size 

in estimated mentally 

put by anyone able to 

Part'f'^^ together properly, 

man* estimated in like 

stud*^^*^ allow for double 

of^*^ openings. The num- 


thk .V, 1 almost instantly by 

finish* ^^t one extra joist for 
'^hen*"^ always be allowed 

avvj^re estimate. I am 

^ounti ^ ^ome workmen when 
Walls *f^' studs for the outside 
cverv^ ^ building allow one stud for 
'^alls there is in the 


Corner *k ^ c^Ponings and all 

these d' niuch, and in 

^timaf^^^ competition such 

any 1 ^^ores too high. Now if 
®«lhod ^ ‘setter and a quicker 

Studs i • the number of 

^ should 

^car of it. 

^ New Dovetail. 


j • ^*, Newark, N. J. 

dovet^r^ ^ ^ method 

^^^ented ^hich was recently 

^^^ders th^* and ask fellow 

^^'"^ntag- ^P'^^on of it. Is it any 

^ Over the good old method? 


7 V 


The io- 

n!* ^’’st or drawer 

nfp and the dovetail 

K ^.^°''etaU correspond 
w f ^ shows 

Fi& ^ dovetailed piece of 

Nh *■ ’ 

undercut slot 


^ rep^f of a board ; 


section, the 
I>''N P;;nt. Fig. 4 being a 
of^ the same. 
H' ^'^*''^3 d'^ scheme the ends of 
’‘C!' dovetail’ 

><1. ■''• *s <ii, "* grooves or slots, s, 

?!:!“'«« !’’"'.''Rs. a ;.h. slot. 

at the point, as shown at Fig. 3 - 
Dovetailed pieces of hardwood, such 
as shown at Fig. i, are then inserted 
in the dovetail mortice, nicely fitted 
and glued in the slots, and when 
dressed off flush show a dovetail 
on both boards, as shown at k, k, 
and the corner will be held tightly 

Curve of Hip Rafter. 

From T. B., Toledo : 

The method of obtaining the 
curve and length of a hip rafter shown 
by M. J. M- in December Number, 
is right enough in its way. but 

inches. The illustration or diagram 
shows the proportion of the tread to 
the rise, for stairs having a rise from 
half an inch to 12 inches, and a tread 
from I inch to 24 inches in width 
The manner of working it is shown 
at the shaded lines, where a y>^-inch 
rise shows a 9* inch tread. The rise 
is formed on the line C, and the tread 
on the line A. 

Wood-Carving by Filipinos. 

There stands in the old walled 
city of Manila a church whose rare 
beauty should win it a place among 
the famed temples of the world. It 

rather prosy. I send a method 
which I have used for years and 
which is shown in “ Practical Car- 
penter.’ ’ It is a quite true method 
This shows an open rafter, but it wil 
of course answer for any shape of 
rafter. The method of working it 
is easily understood, so thatl wi 
not fill space by going over it. i he 
curves and cuts are correct. 

Treads and Risers. 

From “An Old Stairbuilder,’’ 

Trenton, N. J. ^ ^ ^ r 
For the edification of L. De . • , 

Winnipss. I ““'"f,: 

Se. tht diagram attached. Suppose 
A to be the run of the stairs , 

the board separately, 

^rds are held together 

J2 ^ /s /V ^ 

the rise, and C, the inclination. As 
the angle of ascent will vary 

lircumstanocs, the I“"« 

will determine the right inclination 

for different kinds of buildings. For 

Dublic buildings, make trea 4 

bches- for first-class dwellings tread 

to be 'i2 inches; for second-class 


.u:,H..lass dweUingfi tread to be 9 


During the mouth ending Januarj 81, 1899. 
Wheneter any error* appear notify the Q. 8.-T, 

without delay. 




mi fl 

^ Cl g 

^5 0 


— 9 9 

It 1 







4 — 113 80 13fi- 

6 43 60 137- 

6 12 80 138- 

7 — 168 20 139- 

1— 8164 fO 1 133 $5 60 

2— 44 60 jl34— — 13 00 

8 12 00 135 23 70 

" - -28 CO 

- 7 00 

-38 60 
-27 2o 

HO 14 80 

11 23 70 

142 40 97 

143 2 20 

144 26 00 

145 11 40 

146 40 80 

147 3 85 

148 26 65 

149 4 40 

150 9 40 

161 22 00 

153 9 20 

1.55 10 20 

1.56 4 6<) 

158 9 80 

159 16 00 

160 4 40 

161 23 90 

162 9 20 

163 15 80 

161 15 00 

165 72 GO 

166 12 20 

167 5 3 80 

168 14 40 

169 24 GO 

170 4 00 

■11 60 
■14 2> 

is the church of St. Ignatius of 
Loyola, and as the name would 
indicate, was erected by the Jesuit 
fathers. The ten years that elapsed 
between 1879 and 1889 were con- 
sumed in its construction, and a 
success that was truly artistic crowned 
the effort of a decade. The exterior 
is neither imposing nor artistic, but 
it was on the interior that effort was 
centered, and few structures in the 
world can boast of the perfect har- 
mony of effect there attained. Practi- 
cally the entire interior is done in the 
native hardwoods of the Philippine 
Islands, that have been carved by 
master hands. A remarkable fact in 
connection with the work is that it was 
done by natives. The designs were 

'll so 

9 19 80 

10 — 174 00 

11 68 65 

12 — 163 90 

13 91 20 

14 9 60 

15 12 20 

16 42 40 

17 6 80 

18 6 8.5 

19 52 70 

20 7 85 

•21 22 80 

22 142 80 

28 34 2.5 

24 23 00 

25 23 60 

26 27 ( 0 

27 23 60 

28 27 .30 

29 76 60 

30 19 30 

31 31 40 

82 5 75 

33 — 101 60 
84 18 90 

35 7 20 ... 

36 37 70il71 

37 8 20 172 

38 6 40 173 2 20 

39 12 80 174 28 60 

41 7 20 175 15 20 

42 16 40 176 22 60 

43 — 117 00 177 24 «0 

44 11 00 178 6 20 

45—34 00 179 19 20 

46 11 30 IIO 11 80 

47 44 00 181 — 102 20 

48 6 20 182 6 20 

49 50 80 18.3 27 60 

50— 7 40 184 14 40 

61 52 40 186 9 80 

62 34 20 187 5 80 

64 28 20 189 27 70 

66 — 201 20 190 16 10 

66 17 60 191 13 40 

67 4 00 192 4 20 

68 — 231 45 19.3 20 60 

69 13 00 194 6 GO 

GO 10 20 195 4 20 

G1 42 00 196 13 20 

G2 96 40 198 7 20 

63 22 60 199 30 (.0 

64 33 40 200 62 80 

65—17 60 201 22 40 

66 10 40 202 31 20 

67 7 10 203 15 40 

68 4 00 204 2 85 

69 37 20 205 4 fcO 

70 10 20 

71 8 60 

72 80 80 

73 — 108 00 

74 30 45 

75 37 7.5 

77 19 00 

78 3 25 

79 4 60 

80 25 00 

81 18 60 

82 8 60 

83 12 21 

84 9 20 

86 11 85 

87 92 70 

88 6 40 

89 17 20 

90 23 00 

91 25 85 

92 20 35 

93 41 25 

94 8 60 

95 13 00 

96 40 

97 4 60 

98 64 80 

99 2 10 

100 10 20 

101 2 00 

102 14 80 

108 84 po 

10 1 4 00 

106 14 00 

107 15 00 

109 60 40 

110 62 70 

111 25 60 


206 49 40 

;ill made in Europe, and every credit 
is due the workmen who so closely 
followed their models. This incident 
illustrates a peculiar trait in the 
Filipinos. They lack originality, but 
they are wonderful imitators. Give 
their carvers a model and they will 
duplicate to perfection. Let their 
painters see a picture and they will 
reproduce it on their own instru- 
ments. — National Builder, 

207 k2 20 

208 14 10 

I 209 18 GO 

; 210 9 00 

211 6.5 20 

212 13 60 

•213 4 00 

I 214 9 00 

216 6 40 

217 8 00 

218 9 GO 

219 13 00 

•-'20 9 00 

221 4 00 

I 222 20 05 

2-23 13 00 

224 84 60 

225— —16 40 

226 12 70 

227 9 70 

228 14 60 

229 4 40 

I 230 7 40 

2:11 14 90 

23,3 90 00 

23C 4 80 

237 12 20 

2:« 19 15 

239 20 70 

I 240 12 60 

241 65 80 

242 18 00 

243 2 80 

I 245 9 50 

246 10 80 

247 24 00 

248 8 00 

-77 30 249 13 10 

- 6 15 250 8 «0 

114 39 00 251 1.5 20 

115 48 20 262 11 90 

116 24 4 0 253 9 00 

118 22 40 254 22 4 » 

119 35 00 255 11 20 

120 6 60 *256 15 60 

121 10 80 267 86 70 

122 17 60 258 19 20 

123 16 G6 259 7 60 

124 12 95 260 17 40 

12,5 46 fO 261 9 20 

126 8 20 262 4 60 

127 24 00 263 7 00 

129 8 00 264 29 20 

180 9 60 265 9 00 

131 -93 20 266 2 60 

132 — 139 80 268— 9 20 

269 — $10 05 

•271 1 00 

'lU 7 4 » 

•i73 19 10 

274 .30 60 

275 14 40 

27C) 16 GO 

277 49 50 

278 32 45 

279 87 20 

280 3 20 

•^81 50 6.) 

282 16 40 

283 11 20 

285—36 fO 

286 17 80 

2S7 3 00 

288 19 35 

1 76 

290 8 60 

•292 3 20 

293 7 15 

295 3 40 

297 8 25 

299 23 6 ) 

100 8 ( 0 

301 .30 40 

;402 23 00 

303 7 40 

304 16 80 

306 75 fO 

.»507 3 60 

308 12 60 

309 — 210 60 

3 10- 6 80 

311 4 ) 00 

312 14 55 

313' 18 65 

314 20 25 

315 8 40 

316— 6 40 

817 24 90 

318 26 20 

320 6 60 

321 10 60 

322 33 35 

323 2 60 

324 50 

325 107 80 

327 6 80 

328 22 50 

3'29 32 60 

330 " 6 00 

.^31 2 7 5 

332 8 20 

33.3 11 95 

334 6 0) 

8:45 7 40 

33'i 14 40 

•W7 4 40 

338 9 8 1 

339 35 20 

340 60 

342 2 60 

343 11 40 

344 6 20 

345 6 1 5 

346 4 2 • 

347 9 25 

318 12 00 

349 12 40 

3.51 13 80 

852 15 90 

35.3 14 00 

;V>6 15 40 

356 4 GO 

357 15 20 

358 4 60 

359 43 95 

360 8 80 

;161 33 70 

362 17 60 

7 80 

364 10 80 

365 19 20 

366 9 60 

867 10 80 

368 10 20 

370 6 20 

371 2 20 

372 8 00 

373 8 60 

376 158 00 

376 10 00 

377 9 30 

1 7 00 

380 2 40 

381 23 40 

882 26 00 

883 7 60 

384 25 60 

:i85 5 40 

386 37 95 

887 7 20 

.388 9 GO 

389 29 60 

390 13 60 

391 16 00 

393 12 20 

394 16 25 

395 8 00 

396 21 60 

397 9 73 

898 14 30 

399 7 O-l 

400 4 80 

401 23 80 

40-2 12 85 

408 14 20 

404 7 20 

406 7 00 

407 3 80 

408 7 60 

409 10 00 



-$10 40 
--- - 6 60 

414 9 80 

416 42 70 

418 3 95 

419 43 20 

420 6 75 

421 1 00 

4- 22 1 75 

423 7 60 

424 6 60 

425 8 00 

426 4 00 

427 63 00 

428 6 40 

429 63 10 

430 10 00 

431 10 00 

432 18 00 

433 18 20 

434 5 80 

435 10 00 

436 10 00 

437 7 85 

488 12 25 

4.59 6 75 

440 19 70 

441 15 00 

44-2 3 00 

443 10 00 

444 21 80 

445 10 00 

446 12 00 

447 10 00 

448 10 40 

450-; — 10 00 
4.'51 17 60 

452 10 00 

453 103 20 

454 10 00 

455 10 ( 0 

456 10 00 

458 10 00 

4.59 10 00 

460 6 65 

4 .1 10 00 

16 -2 2 00 

463 10 00 

461 40 30 

465 10 00 

4t>6 10 00 

467 8 80 

468 2 > 40 

469 10 00 

471 41 00 

473 13 fO 

474 4 00 

476 7G 70 

478 54 20 

482—^18 60 

483 78 70 

486 18 80 

490 34 40 

493 32 80 

495 15 20 

«99 10 00 

507 10 60 

509 45 80 

513 36 80 

515 39 40 

5- 21 22 60 

522 16 35 

526 39 CO 

5;i4 8 70 

547 31 80 

r>54 2 00 

663 2 75 

564 16 20 

567 31 75 

568 6 40 

578 6 40 

592 25 75 

593 14 95 

599 14 60 

603 3 40 

605 — - 3 60 
606 8 10 

611 9 00 

612 7 40 

616 10 40 

617 60 

628 5 40 

629 2 20 

637 7 70 

638 7 40 

639 29 45 

640 ■ ' 60 

652 20 Pft 

657 10 ( 



678 8 

687 10 

692 9 

,696— 7 
698 7 

703 8 

704 7 

712 6 

714 9 

715 48 

,716 22 

|717 6 

723 15 

726 19 

731 15 

7;i9 8 


785 2 

,786 4 

- 4 

- 8 

- 6 


Total 811 162 75 

Patronize our advertisers. 




Then Will the Golden Age Exist. 

Progress ? We boast of progress ? 
Progress whither ? From the slavery 
of the auction-block and cat-o’ -nine- 
tails to that of the great industrial 
system, where souls as well as bodies 
are bought and sold ; where wealth 
is created as by the magic wand of 
a genie or the touch of gold-accursed 
King Midas, while thousands and 
tens of thousands beg in God’s great 
name for the poor privilege of wear- 
ing out their wretched lives in the 
brutal treadmill, — to barter their 
blood for a scanty crust of black 
bread — and beg in vain ; then find- 
ing the world against them, turn 
their hands against the world, — 
become recruits to the great army 
of crime. From the child-like sim- 
plicity, where man saw and adored 
the Deity in all His works, heard His 
laughter in the ripple of the stream, 
His voice in the thunderstorm and 
saw His anger in the writhen bolt, to 
the present age of skepticism, where 
he can see his Creator nowhere, 
and, blinder than his barbarian 
ancestors — knowing more of process 
but less of principles — protests that 
force is the only Demiurgus, dead 
matter the only immortal. 

Progress towards Greatness ! 
Greatness of what ? . Certainly not of 
the individual, for the present con- 
ditions tend toward mediocrity. 
Greatness of the State? What 
does eternity know of States that 
to promote their welfare immortal 
souls should be sacrificed? Why 
toil and travail, süßer and sin for 
toy balloons which destiny will 
whistle down the winds ? 

There are entirely too many self- 
commissioned watchmen, who sit at 
ease in their boxes and cry all’s well, 
— meaning thereby that it is so with 
them ; too many seers who look into 
their own cozy back parlors and 
imagine that they are standing on 
a Mirza Hill and reading the riddle of 
human life ; too many listening en- 
chanted to their own sweet voices 
and mistaking the sound lor a world- 
wide paean of praise, or at least the 
drowsy hum of human content. 
Such arc blind Neroes who compla- 
cently fiddle while Rome is, if not 
actually burning, yet filled to over- 
flowing with combustibles to burst 
into flame. — The Iconoclast, 

When men become sufficiently 
intelligent to understand their true 
relations to one another there will be 
no need of special effort to promote 
social intercourse. Until then the 
instruments must be the social organ- 
izations already in existence. The 
man of universal brotherhood, should 
such a creature ever inhabit the earth, 
will be he who cannot be comfort- 
able, however well housed or well 
fed, while any human being shivers 
or is hungry. He will see no honor 
in greed which collects wealth which 
cannot be used by its possessor, 
while the lack of it by those from 
whom it was taken makes them 
supremely wretched. He will see 
no merit in indulgence without aim, 
and will contend that the greatest 
honor is due those who give their 
fellow men full return for all they 

Men will continue to struggle 
against greed and exclusiveness 
until they pause to study the real 
reasons for these things. The age 
which discovers a remedy for the 
present great extremes in material 
possessions, and applies it, will be 
the golden age. Give each man 
what he earns and nothing more, 
and all other desirable things shall 
be added. Society, the home, the 
State, will become ideal. — Cos- 

inaccuracy of estimate and calcula- 
tion in this general statement,* there 
can be no denial of an equivalent 
contention which leads to the same 
conclusion, namely that there is no 
country in the world in which the 
two extremes of wealth and poverty 
are more objective in their existence 
than England. This, then, is one 
other ground upon which the advo- 
cates of state pensions for aged work- 
ers rest their case. — Michael D.avitt 
in the Forum., 

Mill Girls Knitting Socks 

Scotch Soldiers 



time that the wa'’ ^ 
thousands of Scottish so 


Old Age Pensions. 

My God 1 When I read o’er the 
bitter lives of men whose eager 
hearts were quite too great to beat 
beneath the cramped mode of the 
day and see them mocked at by the 
world they love, haggling with 
prejudice for a pennyworth of that 
reform which their hard toil will 
make the common birthright of the 
age to come — when I see this, in spite 
of my faith in God, I marvel how their 
hearts bear up so long; nor could 
they but for this same prophecy, 
this inward feeling of the glorious 
end. — James Russell Lowell, 

The popular demand in Great Brit- 
ain for state pensions for the aged 
and deserving poor is based upon 
other grounds as reasonable and 
sound as the argument against the 
injustice of the poor house and its 
callous stigma of pauperism. This 
demand asks for justice, as a substi- 
tute for charity, at the hands of a 
ruling capitalistic class. It is claimed 
that wages, even at trades union 
rates, are regulated more by the 
struggle for existence among com- 
peting workers than by any standard 
of fairness in the measurement of 
labor’s share in the joint production 
of wealth. This contention is sus- 
tained in its force by the known enor- 
mous wealth of the English capitalist 
class on the one hand and on the 
other by the attested fact that one 
out of every four or five workers in 
England at the age of 65 has noth- 
ing to look to in his helpless years 
but the poorhouse or outdoor relief. 
Statistics confirm the truth of this 

Taking land, capital and superin- 
tendence as the three capitalistic 
agencies for exploiting the energies 
of labor in the creation of wealth, 
their share of the annual aggregate 
value of this production is computed 
at two-thirds of the whole, leaving 
one- third as the portion awarded in 
wages to the entire laboring class. 
Making every allowance for probable 

Ways of the World. 

Laugh and the world laughs with you ; 

Weep and you weep alone ; 

For this brave old earth must borrow its mirth, 
It has trouble enough of its own. 

By the 

have learned to bless ^ [heit 

classic Paisley (Scotian 
thoughtfulness. One 
factoring firm gave tK 

asked them to knit , ji,e la*' 
soldiers, and so ^ «'*** 

sies go into the work t la jj, 

the first batch of a It«: 

has been sent to South ^ 
unnecessary to say 
not go out empty. ^ 
there are presents 

handkerchiefs, needles 

Sing and the hilla will answer; 

high, it is lost on the air; 

The echoes bound to a joyful sound. 
But shrink from voicing care. 

bottles of glycerine, 
and other things v^hic 





thinks of and woman 


knitter’s photograph is 


Rejoice, and men will seek you ; 

Grieve, and they turn and go ; 

They want full measure for all your pleasure. 
But do not want yuur woe. 

cases sent, 
from Paisley is 




a line or two 

of Paisley 

i ‘ pO' 

Be glad, and yotir friends are many; 

Be sad, and you lo e them all ; 

There are nouo to decline your nectared wine, 
But alone you must drink^ life's gall. 

Feai-t, and your halls are crowd«*d ; 

Fast, and the world goes by ; 

Succeed and give, it w ill help you to live; 

But no mail can help you die. 

There’s room in the halls of pleasure 
For a long and boisterous train, 

But one by one we must tile on 
Through the narrow aisles of pain. 

God bless ye, 

Kruger miss ye. 


oin^ *. 

This is more to 

ally West Scottish in -P 


is simple, but 

essenti: ‘ 

it serves 

to the po 

When ye’re hidin’ ^Jted ,, 

Remember the lassie tha ^ 

There is a spice ot 

Spruce Timber Scarce. 

in the following : 

Since I’ve ta’en the gj the»»*’ 

I hape ta giiidness yer fee 

The man with 

The forthcoming report of S. W. 
Matthews, commissioner of labor for 
state of Maine, will contain a chapter 
devoted to the pulp and paper manu- 
facturing of the state. A table will 
be published showing the acreage of 
spruce timber lands in Maine, the 
amount of that wood used each year 
for manufacturing paper and giving 
other data concerning the industry. 
The commissioner will also urge the 
adoption of some other material, ’tif 
possible, from which paper can be 

Maine people are much agitated 
over the fast depletion of the state 
forests by paper makers, and it is 
possible that a bill will be introduced 
in the next legislature prohibiting 
the cutting of spruce for a term of 
years. It is hoped that by this 
method the forests will have a 
chance to gain lost ground in season 
to prevent the complete extermina- 
tion of that valuable tree. The 
paper makers are, therefore, doing 
much thinking as to what course to 
pursue, and it is likely that before 
long they will substitute poplar or 
birch for spruce timber. 

An experiment now being made 
in Missouri with cornstalks for mak- 
ing paper is being watched with 
interest. It is said that thus far 
fair success has been made with that 
material and a good quality of paper 
has been made. Much of the tim- 
ber cut in Maine goes to New 
Hampshire, where one mill alone 
turns out 240 tons of paper each 
day from spruce timber. 


feet” is a familiar 

modern jest, and I fancy 

... -mil be bette 1 

But the tK 

with the socks, 
to leave behind you 'S 
young lady who sends 1 1 
Sjift ; 


- fill*«» 

“ Open space,” it ” 

out, is the ancient i 

now known as Dunn 



//r/'"' \ 

The Boycott Gph® 

— ■ c cw 


Circuit Court 

had th ^,yct* 

Judge Stover, m 

that labor unions 
to put in force ® j. -i-t"’ 
against employers o 
labor, and had a leg^ 


IlOf ,fV 

to ' . 

peaceful and fai ^ ^ t) • 

means to induce custou*^^ 




cotted person or 
person or firm . ,,ii 

ployers of union jn 

The decision was m a „ 

of a veterinarian, who^ ,, t^ 

damages against p’Jytect»''^ 
Master Horseshoei s jj,e J 

ciation of Kansas City ‘ 

neymen’s Horseshoer 
18, for boycotting 
horseshoeing shop- 
that the boycotters ha p 


aged his business, 
lucrative. The jui> > a 

tion of the Court, 
for the defendants. 


the carpenter. 


^^ions UTider this head cost ten cents a line.) 

Union 16, Springfield, 111. 
femoTe pleased God in His wisdom to 

brother j p our eHteemed and beloved 

2ls» T Feizer, who departed tnis life 

*uember Union 10 feels the loss of a faith- 

WDloni earnest and zealous promoter 

thirty d ^rape our charter in mourning 

•l»e bereav express our sincere sympathy to 

brother sorrowing family of our deceased 

^^^olvgd 'pu_i 

to tl these resolutions be pre- 

^ *ent for ^ of the deceased, and that copies 

Jo our in the Illinois Tradesman 

journal, The Carpenter. 

VVaggp^ Union 490, Passaic, N. J. 

^toretu * f Almighty 

J. Mk ^*^^'** beloved Brother, 

always been a faithful 
J>«It ^n our Brotherhood; therefore. 



r. , Union No. 55, Denver, Col. 

« O'tr t\l\ 1 pleased Almighty God to remove 
^ esteemed Brother, James A. 
Wiru... ^ J 

^^^'^fUnio,,’ ® the loss of a faithful member 

J^birty dj^ drape our charter in mourning 

*^*’^Paihy ^ that we express our sincere 

‘^‘^ther* nioft V ^“*1 bereaved mother of our 

!***^ tT resolutions be spread upon 

moth ^ ^'opy of the same bo presented 
journ«T\?'*'^ 'bat they be published in our 

> Uaupenter. 

SxiicKat™^’ f «>”*'"“'«• 

Blit Had the Time, 

fi,** ^•'e comes home to me, 

V «^C pC.“' “«'•“y- 

g^'''>“gh I al J’*'* *'Cen 


been kept. 


•i,j, ^*I he’s the weeks have fled 

NO,'““«'“ vain for me. 

oI?d' ‘^■'“owoar''; “ ' ““vel 

i*“*®'inty.| “ “'"»y» Way, 

*’ ®Ver a ,.f., ® '®ft till anotht 

I '“®dutvf, : to-day, 

I " ®ver a iiiiiB'^,i,“ '®'^' ®““***®*' ti”>c 

' • »in'" 'V'lle'Vw*'^’ “V voad a book, 


Kn *’'® "lays fa ^ “‘’’’® P>“n 

,;^'‘*®PpoNf.f®''‘’ «“*“ '"t® “® Ki-avo 
uuies dead. 

To-day is the only day we have, 

Of to-morrow we can’t be sure ; 

To seize the chance as it comes along 
Is the way to make it secure. 

For every year is a shorter year, 

And this is a truth sublime ; 

A moment misspent is a jewel lost 
From the treasury of time. 

Arthur Lewis Tubb.s. 

Fabulous Figures. 

**NJ. Mpo, our oeioveu uroiuci, 

earnest ^bo has always been a faithful 

J>«It our Brotherhood; therefore, 

TVi ♦ 

^'‘rdeceaaai extend to the bereaved family 

’•‘^hdulem.^j *** ^y®Uier our heartfelt sympathy and 
b'e death of sorrow and aflliction, caused by 

<Jharter f ®^Ieenied Brother, and that we drape 
^'>hed 'pu days. Also be it 

“Pfead OQ ^ copy Qf these remlutions be 

**^***'^thef ^'buites of our union, also a-copy 
Jbhcu in of our deceased Brother, also pub- 

"“''’“®i®'i«ur,.al. The CARPENTER. 

A^Iing (Rart 

^'IPU ' 



• 0Y A.W» WO QP^> 

rn/rS-fN plain flSUff^THC L£NSm 

Hoppcn em. 

6„, POST PAio. PW« *''®* 

Mr. H. C. Frick, of Homestead 
notoriety, has spoken, and what 
he declared in his suit against 
Andrew Carnegie is of particular 
interest to the public, principally as 
showing the extraordinary propor- 
tions that a private business may 
attain. He has confessed, and when 
rogues fall out honest men know the 
result. The figures given are fabu- 
lous. According to Mr. hncks 
estimate the yearly income of the 
Pittsburg iron and steel king is put 
at jS526, 000,000, thus arranged : 
croegie', valuation of Uisintero.t 

other inreatmenu. conaervaUvely eati- 


. . lau . .§166,250,000 

. Carnegie’s wealth 

Income estimated by Frick, from Sire ^24,500,000 
Company iu 1900 'i^oOOOO 

Income from other investments .... 

Total income, $26,000,000 

.ntVi . $2,166,666 

Carnegie’s income perm .... «;5()o,oo0 

Carnecie’s income per week . ... • • 

crnvgie'a income perday (including Sun- 

Carnegie-» income per hiur,' day and 

night $50 

Carnegie’s income per minute 

Mr Frick declares that Mr. 
Carnegie’s share of the profits of the 
Carnegie Steel Company 

H, also »,d that 


' this year will probably be $24,867,- 
coo Twelve millions last year; 
twenty-four millions of dollars this 
vear And this is the private m- 
Lme of one man ! Mr. Carnegie 
Tarexpressed the belief .that m 
ordinary prosperous times the stej 
plant and business goodwill could 

le sold in England for $500.000, 000^ 

This will give some idea of th 
magnitude of the business that has 
been built up. The figures are 
simply amazing, so great that they 
are ataost beyond the range o 
human comprehension. The greatest 
daneer that threatens the free institu- 
tions of our country is the concen- 
tration of wealth, and a power like 
Carnegie’s, Rockefeller’s and others 
of their ilk should not be permitte 

to exist in this Republic.-Arrto^^. 

a 12. 

Agents for The Carpenter. 


Bessemer — G. M. Clotfelt«r, Brighton. 
BiRMiNOUAM-E. E. Friaelle. löui FourA ave. 
North Birmingham, J. L. Wollenhaupt, 
Labor Advocate. 

Gadsden — T. F. Marlow. 

Enslky— W. B,Smiih. 

Montgomery— T. J. Neal, 113 Roblnaou at. 

M (Col.) K. M. J^wia 31U Jefler- 

80 II St. 

89 Mobile— \V. Walker, 150 Chatham at. 
y2* •* (Col.) W. G. Lewia, 751 Si. Louis Bt. 

410! Sklma— ^Col.) C. D. Ilaygood, 522 l^wreiicest. 
472. Geo. W. Walker, 1152 Diviaion at. 


266. Mena— O. D. Henley. 

86. Ft. Smith— T. C. Gardner. 


194. Alameda— C. U. Tbraiie, 2975 Johnson ave. 
•«2 Loa Angeles— F.C. Wheeler, 352 Figerorast, 
426! “ -Geo. E. B. ewer, 8U7 1'.. 21at 

Se! Oakland— C harles J. J aculw, l?t>7 Grove sL 
2.t5. Riverside— Chanes Hamilton, 519 9tli st 

San Francisco — Secretary of Hist. Council, 
Henry .Mt*yer, 122 Gales st. 

22. N. L. Waude 1, 1133>^ Mission st., Sta. B. 

M5 (Latin) H Masarie. 44*4E»iest. 

304 (Ge«\) Chas. Gold beck. 335 12ih st. 

423. (Mill) J. G. Fullou. 331 Huucau st. 

48.1. Guy Lathrop, 915% Market st. 

616 (Stair) J. W. Harkins, 72*^j Natouia st. 

Sie! San Jose— W. Reiuhold, 8üi and Empire sU. 
I62 ! San Mateo— N ai. Smith. 

35. San Rafael— R. Scott 

180. Vallejo— 1. Christianson, 573 Kentucky st. 


83. Halifax, N. 8.— Goo. Browne, 12 Willow st 
Id! Hamilton — W. J. Frid, 25 Nelson st. 

2-19 Kingston, Ont.— L. C. Robiasou, 376 Bagot. 
1.14! Montreal — (Fr.) E. Frechette, 1736 Si. 

255. Rat Portage, ,Ont.-F. Meroier. 

38 ST. Catherines— James 11 iiidson, Henry st. 
*>20 8 t Thomas, ont.— l*. A. Campbell, Box 761. 
"27 Toronto— D. D. McNeill, 183 Hamburg ave. 
617! Vancouver. B. C. — H. S. Falconer, Box 231. 
343! Winnipeg, Man. — ^J. J. Moore, 636 MoDermoti 




Chicago— Secretary of District Council, Thos. 
Neale, 187 I*^. Wash, st, Room 7. 

1. W.O. Schurdi, 189 E. Wush'g’u si., Room 2. 

10. J. IL Stevens, 6029 Peoria st 
13. T. J. Lellvell. 1710 Fillmore st 
21. (French) P. Hudon, 207 S. Center ave. 

54. (BoUem.) .iuuu Dlouhy, 1360 S. Homau av**. 

68. William W. Benueae, 1041 Roscoe st. 

181. K. G. Turkelson, OGOhiosr. 

242. (Ger.) Heriuuti Yoell, 5114 Paulina st. 

4li;. Jai. Beil, 1310 W. 18ih PI. 

419. (Ger.) Emil Demme, 2614 Drake ave., Sta. C. 
6'21. (.Stairs) Gust. Hauseu,732N. Rockwell st. 

272. Chicaik) Hkioiiin — K rne.'it Green. 

204. C.OKFEKN— w. \v.Whltlock. 

2y.y Collinsville— J no. M. .‘^auer. 

269. Danville— E, A. Rogers, 9 Columus st. 

16J. East St. D)U1S — K. Wendling, 612 111. ave. 

8‘’8. Ed VVAED.S VI llk—J. M. Wilkins, Box 110. 

313. Elgin— W. A. Undeihill, 358 Bentst 

62. Englewood — D. D. .Sinclair, 7124 Marsh- 
field ave. 

48f). FKiCKBURti— H. Geiger. 

360. Galesburg — Neis. Johnson. 436 Philip st 
141. Grand Ckossing— J. Murray, 1209 E. 71st st. 
461. lliGiiwooi) — Jim. J. .Sherid.iii; 

174. Joliet— G, D. Kanagy,2l4 Willow st 

431. Kensington- (F r.) E. Lapoiic»*, 214 W. llGth.i 

151. Kewaxee— Chas., 630 N. Elm st. 

250. Lake Forklst — Willis ItiiMSell. 

336. La Salle— j an. Nounan, 312 Tontest 
568. Lincoln— J. K Walkt-r, 7U2 Decatur st 

270. Madison— J. I*. Farley. Box 114. 

317. Mattoon — Jas. R Cioudbrake, 1305 Broadway. 
241. Moline— C hat*. Halley. 

80. Moreland — Jas. M. I’arule, 2011 Monroe st, 

280. Mt. Olive — »lohn Shreier. 

86i. Ottawa — J. D. Geary, 216 Doleen st 
183. Peoria — J. H. RI*.e. 402 Behrends ave. 

195. Pbeü— Joseph Scholle, Box 156. 

189. Quincy — F. W. Euschei, 1025 Madison st 
166. Rock Island — Geo. C. Barnes, GÜ8 8ih st 
199. South Chicago— J. C. Gianiham, 1023 Ed- 
wards ave., Sta. S., Chicago. 

479. Sparta— R. J. McMichael. 

16. Springfield— T. M. Blankenship, 413% E. 
Je£Feri>on st 

166. Staunton — B ernard Ackerman. 

495. Streai*or— E. Kraske, 1112 S. Bloomington st 
448. Waukegan— J. Demeresl, 719 County st 
418. Witt— C. Armen trout 

264 Boulder— J. C. Jetmore, 1939 Water st 
489! Canon city— B. K. Evans. 

4 1 7 Colorado Cit y— F. E. Seward , Box 3o. 

6I0 ! Colo. Springs— D. R. Blood, 17 W. Foun- 
tain st 

Cripple Creek— S ec. of D. C., Box 5, Macon 
P. O., ludeimndence, Col. 

547 . Cripple Creek— W. W. L'lvett, Box 364. 

55. Denvee — D. M. Woods, 1451 Curtis st. 

475* Florence— a G. Hitchcock. 

1- 44. GRAND Ju.scTlON—VV. C. Strain. 

178. Independence — T, W. Reid,P O. Box 5. 

496 Leadville — W. J. Beuuiug, 308 W. 6th st 
234. Ouray— P. H. Shue, Box 549. 

362. Pueblo— M. L. Todd, 2720 hiith ave, 

2- v7! Telluride— Geo. Edwards. 

584, Victor— C. E. Palmer, Jk»x 384. 


115 Bridgeport- Marlin L. Kane, 509 Park are. 
127! Derby— Jonn A. Thomas, Shelton, Conn, 
loe! Greenwich- F. W. Heiber. 

43. Hartford— Alex. 31c Kay, 83 Julius st 
97* New Britain — J*»hu Nelson, 53 Beaver st 
79 * New Haven- Wm. Wilson, ÖO8 Chapel st. 
i:fö! New London-A. G. Keeney, 7 Wall at. 

137 Norwich — F. S. Edmonds, 293 Ceniral ave. 

746 Norwalk— William A. Kellogg. Box 391. 

210 Stamford— E. J. Crawford, 25 Franklin st. 

216 Torrington— U. C. Ramsay, 405 Prospect St- 
260! Watebbury — Jos. E. Sandiford, 27 N. Vine. 


190 Washington— J. T. Kenyon, 1415 Rhode 
Island ave., N. W. 


a7Q Bagdad— R. 8. Robertson, Milton, IHa. 

^4 Jacksonville— (Col.) S. T. Minus, 009 W. 
Union at. 

ßAK “ A. C. MacNeil, 815 E. Church st 

74' Pensacola.- J. A. Lyle. 316% W. Zawagossa. 
107 (Sl.)-W. a. Woods, 16 W. Cvrlghtst 

Tampa— C. B. Heater, 2407 Tampa st. 


ATI anta — Secretarv of District Council, Thos. 
,T. Black, 71 McDuulel st. 

« (Cars) C. M. Hudson, Box 639. 

“ Thos. J. Black, 71 McDaniel st. 

“ J. W. Cross, 6 Lloyd at, 
AuGUSTA“”(CoI. ) r. P. Lewis, 1309 Philip st. 

*• W. M. Hare, 1927 Watkins st. 

“ J. A. llirea 

Columbus— (Col.) P. C. Tinsley. 

“ M. C. Gorham. 

Macon— O. S. Bolton, 620 Elm st. 

“ (Col.) John N. Pitts, E. Macon. 

Rome — J. H. Donaon. 

S^aVanNAH-J.N. Wils.»n,515 Dufl'y. West 
“ (Col.) Thos. J. Carter. 308 Drayton st. 
Valdosta— J. M. Youngblood. 


Lewiston— Frank Murray. 


Alton— Thos. Oddy, 950 Union st 
Belleville— Henry öteluer, 605 S. Illinois. 
Bloomington — S. G. Cunningham, 601 E. 
Mill st. ^ ^ 

Brighton Park— O. Gratton, 3809 8. 
Albany avenue. 

Canton— J. W. 1‘oper, 431 N. ave. B. 

Centralia— William Good. 

Champaign — 0. F. Miller, 407 W. Thomas. 






























Indianapolis— (Ger.) J<^n* Eisler, 1822 Slur 


Alexandria—,!. E. Humphreys. 

Anderson— R cbs E>heiman, 609 Hendricks st 
Brazil — H urry Goodin, 628 S. Franklin si. 
CLlNTON—James A. Alien, B^x 85. 

Klwood— W. A. ReynolcU, P. O. Box 824. 
Evansville— iSaml. Biurk, 920 East IU si. 

Gas City — T ribhy, Box 363. 

Hammond — Urviu BpuilV»rd,422 Stanton ave. 
Har-rforo Ci'i y— G eo. Sligtr. 

—(Ger.) John 
gletou at. 

*’ J. T. Guodo, 308 W. Maryland st 
Lafayette— IJ. K. Huflinau, 1827 Salem st 
Linton — S amuel D. biaiey. 

Marion — J. M. Simons, 609 E. Sherman st. 
Mokocoo— J“ E. Mauley. 

Mu.scie— 1). M. Winters, 53.5 a Gaskey st. 

Mew Albany— J.U. Van a inkle, 908 Church st. 
South Bend— G eo. W. Guin.3l8 W. Sample. 
Terre Haute— C. L. JIuiisv»u, 1926 N. loth at 
ViNCENNBs— A, C. Pennington, King's IJoteL 


Wa.osbb— C liarlea Alien. 


Boone— T. P. Menton, 1330 Boone st, 
Burlington— John Brener, 1341 Griswold st 
CEDAR Uapidb— C. A. Tracy, 615 S. 7th si. E. 
Council Bluffs— L. P. Chambers. 
Davenport— 11. W. Schw elder, 1427 Miichel. 
Des .UoiNEs— F. W. Keasey, 1603 W. 25th st 
(Mill) J. M. Cornell, 819 E. 12th st. 
Dubuque— M. R. Hogan, 299 7tli st 
Fort Dodge— a. S. Jenkins. 

Sioux City— J. W. Wolfe, 307 W. ;5th bi. 







201 . 


AaoENTiNE- M. Murphy, Brjx 347. 

Iola— T. Birnbaum. 

Kansas i ity — G eo. McMullen, 836 Munce 

Lawrence— W. L. Ilastie, 1113 Penn st 
Leavenworth— J. a'<chau Her, Mouiezuma ave. 
Topeka— A. M. H. Claudy, 408 Tyler st. 
Wichita- J. L. Taylor, 624 S. Market »t. 












Covington— a Glutting, 1502 Kavanaugh st. 

“ (Ger.) H. Kampseu, 262 VV. 13ih st. 

Louisville— U. B. lloilmun, 1737 Gallagher. 

“ <Oor.) J, Schneider, 1136 E. Jacob av. 
Newport- W. E. Wing, 622 Central ave. 


New Orleans— S ecretary of Dist. Council. 

F. G. Wetter, 2220 Josephine st. 

Aug. Limberg. 711 Foucher st. 

F. Duhrkup, 615 Cadiz st 
M. Joaquin, 1304 St. Uoche ave. 

ÖURKVKPOKT— C. B. Huff, Box 261. 


285. Bath — E. C. Plummer, 97 Drummer st. 

459. Bar Harbor— E. K. Wniiakcr. 

407. Lewiston— Geo. K Lombard, 58 Goff st, 

m. Watervillk— 3. C. Burrill, 26 Summer st. 


29. .B.1LTIMOKE— W. II. Keenan, 906 Asquith at. 

44. “ (Ger.) H. B. Schrooder, 2308 Canion ave. 


396. Adams— Manly Sherman, 84 E. Hoosuc st 

Boston — Secre ary of Dist Council, H. Fogel, 
38 Dickens st. Dor. 

" C. J. Gallagher, 158 Howard ave., 

BROOKLiNKy— A. C. Wallace, 263 Pond ave. 
Cambridge— J. L. Mclsack. 78 Washington st. 
CilELSitA— P. S. Mulligan, 22 Pothau. 

DORCii ester— H. F. Campbell, 1048 Dorchester 
avo., Boston. 

E. Boston— C. M. Dempsey, 272 Meridian st. 
Fall River— Edward liagne, 784 Walnut st 
Haverhill— Geo. Frost, B« x 401 












.t. I 

Hingham— H. E. Wherity, Box IIS. 
Holyoke— Jos. Xiebron, 7 Franklin st. 







221 . 









222 . 











100 . 













6 . 







HuDSOif— 060. E. Bryant, Box 125. 
Lawrknck— W in. 0. (ieiumel, 25 Cro«by it, 
Lenox — 1*. II. Caiinarau, Box 27. 

IjOWELL— F rank A. Kappler, 1413 Oorham. 
Maiiblkiiead— fL H. Itoach, 24 Village st. 
Newton—C. L. Connors, 10 Rutland si.. 
Watertown, Mass. 

North Ada.M9— J. J. Agan, 243 River at. 
Northampton — L, D. Bennington, 255 Hriugo. 
Pittsfield — Chas. Hyde, 16 Booth’s Place. 
RoxnuRY— II. M. Taylor, 116 Whitfield st. 

So. Framingham— Hugh Corncy, 55 Hare- 
ford st. 

Springfield — (French) P. Provost, Jr., 716 
Liberty st. 

" P. J. Collins, 1365 State st. 

Westfield- W. J. Powerteau, 87 Orange st 
Worcimtkr— W. A. Rossley, 5 City Vlow ave. 
“ (French) E. Girard, 2 Bernard 



Alpena— B. D. Kelley, 416 Tawasst 
Bay City— E. O. Gates, 218 N. Blrney st 
Detroit— T. S. Jordan, 427 Beaufait ave. 

“ A. Haak, 226 Erskine st. 

Hancock— F. Weern. 

Kalamazoo— U. Greendyko, 1003 N. Park st. 
Marine City— W. L. Rivard, Box 379. 
Munisino — A. L. Johnson. 

Muskegon — F. M. Starke, 11 Marshall. 
Saginaw- P. Frisch, 603 Ward at., E. S, 

“ F. C. Trier, 1721 Hancock at. 
Saült St. Marie— A. Stowell, 227 Magazine st. 
Traverse City— J ohn J. Tisdale, 217 W. 16th. 


Duluth — John Knox. Box 283, W. Duluth. 
Minneapolis — L aw Stubee, 2601 So. 22nd st. 
Red Lake Falls— N. Holberg. 

St. Paul — N els Johnson, 707 Martin st. 


Joplin— J. R. Weeks. 

Kansas City— J. E. ChaflSn, 2600 Park ave. 
Kirksville— W. H. Wellbaiim. 

St. Joseph — Wra. Zimmorman, 1223 N. ISth. 

“ (South) Geo. W Lewis. 

St. Louis — Secretary of District Council, 

R. Fuelle, 604 Market st 
(Ger.) Chss, Thoms, 2106 Victor st. 

(Ger ) W. L. Wamhoif, 2608 N. 14th st. 

(Ger.) Chas. J. Hermann. 2712 Chippewa at. 
Geo. J. Swank, 4428 Manchester ave. 

A. W. Ware, 4413 a Gibson ave. 

i) Edw. Bruggemann. 2585 Warren St. 
City— W. S. Brausietter. 














88 . 


112 . 











121 . 

20 . 









282 . 









120 . 










(Ger.) Richard Kirknel, 66 Myrtle ave Ever- 
green, L. I. 

S. E. Elliot, 1295 St. Mark’s ave. 

Win. Carroll, 792 Bergeu st 
F. Brandt, 361 5ih st. 

H. B. Paterson, 212 63rd st. 

Buffalo — S ecretary of District Counoil. ’ 
Miles Uttle, 17 Pooley st. 

W. H. Wreggitt, 81 Edward at. 

(Mill) Adolf Grail pner, 76 Marshall ei. 

^er.) E. Ulrich, 38 Ro«‘UerHt 
EL O. Yokom, 19 Ferguson ave. 

J. H. Myers. 83 Landen st. 


Anaoonda— C. W. Starr, Box 238. 

Billings— John Powers, Box 631. 

Butte City — 0. B. Church, Box 623. 

Great Falls— 0. M. Lambert, Box 938. 
Helena— H. F. Smith, 1119 5th ave. 

MiasoDLA— C. White. 


Linooln— J. E. Walker, 702 Deoatorst. 

Omaha- M. N. McConnell, 2118 Grant st 
8. Omaha — 8. Spence, S. Omaha. 


Anbury Park— Wra. H. Carr, Box 897. 
Atlantic City— D. Z. Weida, 2025 Caspian ave. 
Bayonne — Morris Feldman, 484 Ave. C. 

- — P. A. Miller, 960 Ave. 1). 

Bridgeton— J. H. Reevee, 145 Fayette st. 
Camden— T. E. Peterson, 430 Walnut st. 
Elizabeth— II. Zimmerman, 240 South st. 

“ (Ger.) John Kuhn, 11 Spencer at. 
Hackensack- E. M. Paton, First and James 

Hoboken— A. Crothers, 181 Jackson st. 

“ (Ger.) H. Siovers. 400 Monroe st. 
Hudson Co., D. G— D. W. Banks, 290 Sher- 
man avenue, Jersev City. 

ImviNOTON— Chav. Van Wert 

Jersey City- (Mill) John Hunt, 651 Grand st. 

*' — L. P. Larieu, 27 a Jewett a»e. 

•* Aug. Zimraermau, 67 Lex- 

ington ave. 

“ L. F. Ryan. 181 Ninth st 

(J. a Heights) Robert IlamlUon, 202 Web- 
ster st 

(Stairs) George Felnan, 226 Dodd st. 

Long Branch- Chav. E. Brown, Box 241 Long 
Branch ( ity. 

MiLBURN— J. H. White, Short Hills. 

Millville — Jas. Mi Naal, 622 W. Main st 
MONTCLAIE—Jav. McLeod, 141 Forest st 
Morristown— (3. V. Deais, lyick Box 168. 
Newark— S ecretary of Dbtrii t Council, 

J. I. Skinner, 886 • linton ave. 

H. G. Long, 10 Davis st, E. Newark. 

(Ger.) Heinrlcli Kachclries, 24 Jabexst 
lierm Henry, 105 14th ave. 

A. L. Beegle, 122 N. 2d st 

i Ger.) G. Arendt, 584 Springfield>ve 
7 ew ORANOK—Jas. Carey. 

Orange— F. Schorn, 22 Chapman st 
Paterson— S. Sixx, 90 Water st 
Pashaic — Hobt Roosraa, 251 Autumn st. 

Perth Amboy— W. H. Bath 33 Lewi« st. 
Phillipsburg — W. 8. Garrison, 8 Fayette st. 
Plainfield— Wm. H. Lunger, 104 Jackson 

Roselle — Edward P. Mannon. 

Somerville- E. Opdyke*. 

Trenton— Al. N. Cornish, 129 Brunswick ave. 
Union Hill — (Ger.) J. Wuruchek, 721 Adam 
st, Hoboken. 

WciTFiELD — John Goltra. 

West Hoboken — Charlea Dledrich, 28d «i., 
West, New York. 


Albany— L, B. Harvey, 492 3dst 

** (Ger.) H. Balfoort, 248 Second st. 
Alexandria Bay— H. Pope. ^ . 

Amsterdam — Ch«s. Knapp, 239 W. Main si. 
Auburn — IC. B. Koon, 116 Franklin st. 
Batavia— Gebherd Wsasink. 19 fc>ever place. 
Bingiiampton — B. W. Taylor, 13 Exchange at. 
(Mill)— E. P. Salford, 21 Rutherford st 
Bronx — Secretary of District Council, 1. K. 

Quipp,257 Marlon st., Wakefield 
Brooklyn — Secretary of District Council, J. 

A. Brown. 1743 Atlantic ave. 

Guitavus Zelbig. 890 Cleveland , 

(Ger. Ckib. Mkrs.) Ang. Gleiforst, 18 Ellery bl 
fcdw. Tobin, 502 Seb^nck ave.. Sub. bta. 4A 
M.J. Casey. 85 Newell st. 

Marti! Pearson, 368 Miller ave. 

W. F. Bostwick,3:j3 Roebllng st. 

Chas. D. Monroe. 42 St Mark ave. 

M. Spence, 842 Madison st 

Carthage— J uo. Reed. 

Clayton— C has. Pierce. 

Cohoes— A. Van A main, 22 George st 
College Point — G. A. Pickel, 5th ave. and 
11th st 

Dunkirk— N. J. Grass, 170 King st 
Far Rockaway — Fred. Bazin, Cedarhurst. 
Fishkill-on-Hudson— John F. O’Brien. 
Flushing — Malachi Kennedy, 138 New 
Locust st. 

Geneva— W. W. Dadson, 26 Hollenbeck ave. 
Glens Falls — C has. Taylor, 8 Charlotte st. 
Irvington— A. H. Smith, Box 187. 

ISLIP, L. I. — F. E. Woodbull, Bay Shore. 
Ithaca— E. A. Whiting, 108 Auburn st. 
Jamestown— J no. Hanlon, 20 S. Main. 
Kinosbridge— John E. P’orelray, 864 Union 
ave.. New York (Uty. 

Kingston — E. C. Peterson, 207 Smith ave. 
Little Falls— T. R. Mangan,142 W. Monroe. 
Lockport, N. Y.— W, a. Plant, 225 Lincoln 

Long Island City— J os. Kessler, 6 Bee Bee 


Mt. Vernon— A rchie Hutchison, 16 South sf. 

“ Jas. Beardsley, 31 So. High st. 

Newburg — John Templeton, 159 Renwick. 
New Rochelle— John Thompson, 37 Grove av. 
Newtown, L. I.— Peter A. Anderson, Box 13 
Corona, N. Y. 

New York— Secretary of Executive Council, 
Geo. Slattery, 1209 First ave. 

New York — Secretary of District Council, 

D. F. Featherston, Poplar st, VVest- 

J. J. Hewitt, 803 E. 122d, care of Lawler. 
(Floor Layers) C. G. Johnson, Brown Place, 

64. T. Colsrnan, 788 6th ave. 

200. (Jowisn) John Goldfarb, 330 E. 91st st. 

309. (Ger. Cab. Makers) Himon Kuehl, 224 1st ave. 
340. D. Vanderbeek, 138 W, 133d st. 

875. (tier.) R. Mews, 160 Eagle st., E. D. 

882. Thos. Forrestal, 1494 Lexington ave. 

887. J. T. Breslin, 3:160 Park ave. 

4.57. (Scan.) O. Wallm, 24 W. 118th st. 

464. (Ger.) Vincent Sauter, 677 Courtland ave. 

468. Jas McGuire, 223 Delancey st. 

473. Win. Trotter, 858 W. 48th st. 

476. Wm. E. P. Schwartz, 29 Fulton ave., Astoria, 
L. I. 

Christian Winter, 8178 Park ave. 

(Ger.) John Hnber, 103 E. lOih st. 

Emil Blooiuquest, 155 E. 96th st. 

Ger.) John 11. Borrs, 635 E. 87th st. 










66 . 






212 . 






66 . 

186. Steubenville— Geo. E. Simeral, 101 S. 5lh. 
243. Tiffin— R. Ö. Dysinger, Hedges st. 

25. Toledo — M. Terwilliger, 1323 Wniteave. 

168. “ (Ger.) Wm. Morlock, 1203 Page si. 

171. You.vgstown — W. 8. Stoyer, 914 \ernou st. 
716. Zanesville— Fred. Kappes, Central ave., 
lOth Ward. 


276. Oklahoma— C. E. Ballard, Box 131. 


50. PoRTLANi>— David Henderson, Portland, Ore., 
Box 648. 











101 . 




:. (Ger.) J( 
. (Fr. Can 
L Chas. Ca 

707. (Fr. Canadian) Geo. Menard, 218 E* 74th st. 
Camp, 223 W. 148 st. 

(Ger. Millwright and Millers) Henry Maak, 
857 Linden tt., Brooklyn. 

Niagara Falls— F. M. Perry, 630 23d st. 
North Tonawanda— Chas. Pohzehl, Box 909. 
Nyack— R. F. Wool, Box 493. 

Onkonta — C. W. Burnsidn, Walling ave. 
Peekskill— T. J. Gallagher, 25 Williams st. 
Portcuester— Stephen Siephanson, Box 160. 
Poughkeepsie — F. Quarteman, Box 82. 
ClUEENS Co., Secretary of D. C., M. Murphy, 
Box 236, I'M Rockaway. 

72. Rochesteb — H. M. Fletcher, 71 Champlain st. 
179. “ (G»r.) Tobias Kraft, 20 Joiner 


881. “ John Buehrle, 80 Buchan Park. 

412. Sayville, L. I. — E. Townsend. 

146. SciiKNECTADY — C. N. Keittlaul, 827 Strong st. 
Staten Island — Secrouiry Dist. Council, ’ 
J.W. Sheeean, 174 Broadway, West New 

606. Port Richmond — J. Keenan, 238 Jersey st 
New Brighton. 

667. Stapleton — P. J. Klee, Box 655. 

405. Steinway, L. L— F. B. Merritt. 

ÖYEACUSB— Secretary of Dblrict Council, 

D. C. Parke, 6:i7 Reiiwick are. 

15. (Ger.) H. Werner, 201 Rowland st. 

26. E. E. Battey, 517 E. Genesee at. 

192. Cha«. Sllvernail, G2C Vine st. 

78. Troy— J. G. Wil-on, Box G5. 

889. Tuxedo — Thos. Unpkiusou, Box 22, Suffern, 
N. Y. 

125. Utica — W. A. Williams. 4:i Grove place. 

278. Watertown — R obi . Parham, 55 Slone st. 

170. W E.STCH ESTER- F. Vaiiderpool, Blondell ave. 
837. WH1TE.SBOKO— -avid S. Williams, Jr. 

128. Whitestonk— G oo. Boltm, Box 8. 

593. Williams, Bridge — A. llutchiuson, 16 South 
at > cet. 

824. Woodside, L. I. — Louis VUlhauer. 

878. Yonkers — h. C. Hube, 47 .Maple st 
726. “ F. M. Tailmadge, 216 Elm st. 


211 . 











122 . 










8 . 







202 . 







102 . 


















8S4. A>BBni.LB — G.C. Luml«7. SI Blaatou it. 


84. AKRON — B. F. Obert,428 E. Buchtel ave. 

17. Bcllaire — G. VV. Curili. 3638 Harrison st: 

170. Bridgeport— J ohn D. Glenn, Box 41. 

485. Byesville— H. L. O) win. 

246. Caubkidgk — Jiio. N. McCartney, 221 N. Sdst. 
148. Canton — J. W. Poper, 43i ^Jo. Avr. B. 

Cincinnati — S er»eta<y of District Council, 
B, Bolmer, 3446 Buriiett ave. 

2. J, H. Msyer, 23 Mercer «I. 

209. (Ger. I August Weiss, 96« Gest st, 

827. (Mill) H. Brinkwoi th, 1315 Spring st. 

628. A. Beigir, 1229 Ferguset. 

667. D. J. Jono*, 2228 Kenton si.. Station D. 

676. Jos. Lang, Box 301, Carthage. 

692. J. P. Luckey, 2427 bloom st. 

Cleveland — Secretnrv of Distriet Council, 
Jos. Schraeilel, 83 Prospect st. 

11. H. L. Lep de, 18 Poe ave. 

14. John H. Koehler, 188 Marcy ave. 

39. (Hohem.) V. Plecnaty, 45 Jewett st. 

398. (Ger.) I neo. Welhrieh, 16 i’aikerst. 

449. (Ger.) C. Welizin. 1V2 East View nve. 

61. Columbus — A. C. Welch, 1127 Highland st. 

494. “ -John Nicholson. 

104. Dayton — J ohn W**hrlck,306 Tdnden st. 

346. (Ger.) Jos. Wlrth, 234 Hawker st. 

338. E. Liverpool— A. P. G'pe. 

294. E. Palestine— G. H. Alleorn. 

637. Hamilton — Arthur Hlms, 729 Shillate st. 

182. Lima— D. E. Bpecr, 114 E. Second st. 

703. Lockland— C. E. II 'rte'. 

356 Marietta— J. O. Smith, 510 Charles st. 

404. Painesville — J a«. MctJonnell, 131 Fober st. 
650. Pomeroy— E. D. Will. 

437. P6ET8M0UTH— C. Thoman, 110 Campbell ave. 

Ardmore — S. Waters, Haverford. 

Allegheny City — J. A. Robertson, 91 Boyle. 

“ “ — (Ger.) A. Weizman, 66 

Troy Hill road. 

Allentown — Nathan Dalton, 1019 Chestnut st. 
Beaver Falls— A. Burry, Box 611, New 

Bethlehem — I. M. Swinker, 412 Broadway, 

8. Bethlehem. 

Bradford — T. C. Graham, 159 Hillside ave. 
Chester- Eber S. Rigby, 316 E. Fifth st. 
CONNELL.SVILLE— R. lu Hannan, 223 N. 
Pittsburgh st. 

Easton— Frank P. Horn, 914 Butler st 
Elwood — .M. Uouk. 

Erie— D. L. Shields, 916 W. 22nd st. 

Frankford — Geo. A. Harper 4350 Paul st. 
Germantown — J. E. Martin, 126 E. Duval st. 
Greensburg— J. H. B. Rowe 236 Concord st. 
Hanover— Charles W. Unger. 

Harrisburg — W. Bohner, 222 Peffer st. 
Hazleton — Wm. Kiminel, 118 S. Laurel st. 
Homestead — Kiiwin Rowe, Jr., L. Box 627. 
Lancaster — Edw. O. Wilier, 314 Chester st. 
Nanticoke— Freeman Thomas. 

Mt. Jewett— Thos. B. While. 

New Castle— W. E. Kramer, 9 Lee ave. 

New Kensington— j. H. Moser. Box 168, 

Pkckville— Jno. L. Purdy. 

Philadelphia— Sec. District Council, John 
Watson, 2618 Jasper st.. Station K. 

Peter McLaughlin, 2203 Vine st. 

(Kensington) John Watson, 2618 Jasper st., 
Station K. 

(Ger.) Joseph Oyen, 814 N. Fourth st. 

Elmer G. Erwin, 2016 Columbia ave. 

(Mill) F. Schroy, 4603 Germantown ave. 
Pittsburg — Secretary of District Council, 
Alfred Madden, Warren st. E. E. 

H. G. Schomaker, 1302 Sherman ave., Alleg. 
(Ger.) P. Geek, 9 Lookout Alley. 

(E. End) H. Robertson, 6112 Station st. E. K. 
G. W. McCausland 6038 Hoeveler st., E. K. 

W. J. Richey, 1601 C arson st. 

J. M. Richard, 159 Mayflower st. 

A. Patton, 254 Castor tt. 

(Ger.) R. SL.uert, 131»^ 12 st.,S. 8. 

Pittston— W. F. Waiklns, 75 Oak st. 
Plymouth— Thos. H. Smith, Box 1148. 
Reading — I.«ewls E. Beard, 1123 Moss st. 
Sayre— F. J. llolenback. 

Scranton — Geo. Phillips, 820 Cedar are. 

S. Scranton— (Ger.) E. Schmidt, 620 Biroh. 
Shauokin— Joseph Erdman,244S. 7th st. 
Sharon— S. S. Calrcy, 60 Elm tt. 

Taylor — G eo. Wicks, Box 45. 

Vandeorift— J. Guiher. 

W EISSPORT, Pa. — D avid Snyder. 
Wilkes-Barre— B. F. Krause, 159 Lincoln st 
“ A. II. Ayers, 63 Penn st. 

Wilkinsburo — F. M. IWty. 

York— 1. 1. Suydeneu, 301 N. West st. 


Newport— J. J. Gallagher, 495 Spring st. 
Pawtucket— J. B. Parquet, Box 183, Valley 

Providence— Axel M. Russen, 97 Gallup st 
Westerly— F. E. Saunders, 47 Granite st 
Woonsocket— J. A. Fraray, 84 Orchard st. 


469. Aiken— J. A. Green. 

62. Charleston— (Col.) John Pinkney, 36 H st. 
159. “ —Henry Oliver. Jr., 55 Bay at. 

69. CtoLUMBIA— (Col.) J. P. Westburu 1113 Jer- 
vey st. 

140. “ —J.d^Westber^y, 1323 Lumber tt. 

876. Georgetown— R. A. Sands. 

872. Langley— .s. C. Holman. 

452. Sumter— J. W. David. 


m. Lead Citt— W. E. McGlmans, Boi 791. 


K4. Chattanooga — J. Millsopt, Orange Grove. 

M9. Jackson — J. 0. K. William.'iori, 155 Hation st, 
225. Knoxville — E.E. Houghton, 6:1 E.Brooksidest, 
Memphis, D. C. — Ü. W. Williams, 102 Dupree st. 
IW. Memphis — (Col.) R. J. Pope, :i40 Dunlap at. 
“if* ‘ Chas. Miller, 148 Davia ave. 

f®i* J. E. Wright, 82 Maua-oas st. 

85«. Nashvillf.— J. W. Bridges, 707 Joseph ave. 













Danville-J. W. KcetM^ C* 

Newport News-P. 217 

Newport N ew«— J- F. b »t. 


Petebsboro— -T. 706 

Portsmouth— L. W- G. ,.2g s; fourtl» 

Richmond — D. A. Lacyi 


SPOKANE-I. A. A r. derber*, I'' 
Tacoma — J. W. Boyle. 


Kaibmoont— W. Rj^Il ^ jMob 

WiiKELiNO— A. I». Bauer, 

' hfillwkrs ) F. Garbos, ^ 

. Autr. J. lügen, "yon 

. (Ger.) John 

:. ?Ger.) Cha*. 1419 u 

asiiKOSH-Cwpcr ^ 

. Racine— M. G. igrd t, 


. Waukesha— A. » 


DiAMONDViLLE— U- C* Toppi“!»' 

the ^ 

Those who create 

■ 'C .,r.a 

luxury a a 

the nation should have 
who make possible ^ 

splendor should enjoy »0 I 

those who, having the s | 

ability, neither spin ”^, 31 ' 
should starve. That 
we are going to have it . 


Hundred» of Carpenter» 

books printed. 



00 ^ 



Austin— J. A. Cawfleld, 95 Waller. 
Beaumont— H. Marble. Box 236. 
Cleburni->-R. R. Grave«. 

Corsicana— J. N. Thomas. 750 W. 2nd ave. 
Dallas— W m. Waikin.i, Box 299. 

De.nison— W. W; Neighbour, 1315 W. 

Gandy st. 

Fort Worth— J. M. Kenderllne, Ft. Worth 
Planing Mill. 

Galveston — .Secretary of District Couneil, 
- „ „ C. F. Walter, 2116 Ave. M. 

?*’?ctor, 2924 Avenue PU. 

(Gtr.) lord. Diitmann, 17th st., bet. O and 
„ sts. 

Houston-W. Morris, 2010 Rusk ave. 
Orange— C. B. Payne. 

San ANTONio-(Ger.) L. Fischer, 139 Lum- 
„ brana st. 

WArv^A tn 'Vletzel, 135 Centre st. 

Waco — A. E. Widmer, Labor Hall. 


ISA a*°.?'?~Uichard Tressder, 2228 Grant are 
184. Salt Laee City-a. Tracy. 97« Liberty ire. 


or House and Roo< ^fj|S 

by OWEN B. 

houses, together with a whole nt» for«*** 

system of Ron/ r^ente«, 

and easily applied book for 
and journeymen. - 



Chapter II. First _ Studdi®8’ ^ 

Sections, Second Floor Beam p at - 

Door and Window OpeningSi 
Timbers. . and flo«» I 

Chapter III. Laying studdi^^^a 

Frames, Girders, Sills, Post» 

Chapter IV. Laying _„d 

Joists or Beams, Ceiling Jm»t 
Chapter V. Laying out an 
Chapter VI. Raising. »» 

part ni. 

How to Frame Timbers |or^ ^*''*Be»»n»* p»P 
Chapter I. General Flo®*" HcsCf**' 

proof Floors, Studding |T„„cr ^ 

Chapter II. Second and YPpramiaS* „ 
titions, Bridging and Angular Floo 

Chapter III. Fireproofing . 

“ÄrIV. Roofs. 


The work is illustrated and^^ ^ »o 
igravings of houses, r 



This splendid book (. 

gravings and covers the '"“"ni, *il‘ „ * 

Snly $1.00. Bound 'in cloth «■ „..uV 

Carpenter should liave one. „,prehen , „ 

A practical and '«''y ‘ “h ad*,?'' re 
laying out and ff*"”“.?.,,, nieth<’‘'’,ory 
building construction. ’ «plan»'"'’ 

and intelligible with extensive 



‘t^oof pFaming 


Price - - 

•‘How to Measure yP , „ 


An exhaustive treatise, «bowing b ^ 

the woodwork required --ying* 

Illustrated by over 150 c ß 

Send (>sh or Post 

!«*■ Brooklyn st. 

. »T. ALBANS— D. R. Becmau, 244 S. MAin »V. 

- L -- 

the carpenter. 


perfect Sow Sets, Bench 3tops, Punches, Etc 1 1 

No. 96 Sow Sot 


New York. Phllodelphla. Chicago 

Factories and General Ofileae. 
New Britain, Conn. 

.00. *5 

S« • 
e U’t 

^4, .-f piece 


P. & F. Corbin 

K Mo. SaiTt 



ilAUK « 



eAR WARE . , 

BTfciALTiEs New York 




Warren Street 

Manufecturer^^o^ Builders’ Fine Hardware 

Q25 Market Street 


PHONE No. 37 Jo 

T' • U prIniHl In blark Ink en 1 fbt tla* 

pai« * a’)<l it {'BJCeil at) thp cigBr*b<>K. l»oo I Ati 
It .. r « ‘b Uip r. H l;««anua UIm*I on th« U«s as 
If. I '• Cirarly of a PiiulUr roior that 

ii4-«r Mekrri Ailup l.aiip| ai«|*par'* on lb* U*i 
fT'Oi « <U 70H are *ert»i| It miurta u afair.«! 
• I ' »r-ti.aiir t igara ami Ipnpmrni-iiiaila go<Mta 


1233 Market Street, Philadelphia 


The Latest and Most Approved Tools 



SlO ’ 

B a rtr a. 1 

Tliia I.a>»^l It 
a»up<i II n tier 

t Tfl AOCS I ffSr i COUNCIU!^ Mnfb .rUf of the 






f Mi* an<1 r>i fbp («*-rnian Tf p^*gra| i*.a. Ihe 
.4.W • un aii iirwtpai'p'r ami bonk werk It 
I «ate t.rAf« tliP nainr trul I -«all* n of •L»'r« tho 
frintiak’ «*»rk la «lf«ri« 


ATßJHT \rOR9t 

Price, $2.00 


E. E. BROWN & CO. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Why use inferior Sash Weights when our goods can be obtained from 
tny good Hardware iTealer t We claim for our goods, 





iN« i.rnis« : 

Moulding Plane, Match, Sash, Chamfer, Beading, 
Reeding, Fluting, Hollow, Round, Plow, Dado, 
Rabbet, Filletster and Slitting Plane. 

No. 55. Universal Plane, $16,00 

MiTH 62 cuTTifie. 

Special Weij;ht8 

Made as Ordered 

r* Th# Plan« la Kirkel Plaie«! ; the ft? Cm .era art 
ar lange«! in four aeparai« i 4 »e% ; an«l the eniir« 
UMlht Ü i*a4.kcJ III a nc4i Wuoilen iftai. 


We reepectfully aek that our good« bo «pociflod 

l^ick it out! 

If your furnace 1» unimlisfActory 
** why worry } ** Have one put 
ill that is to give 

sAtisfActiou. The 

Price List of the ßäiley's Pure^ye 



Oive CIREAT HGAT mod requlr« 

than any other makrA They 
hum Tea Coal, also other kinds 
of coal, and all its k<^a^Gi 
the moat econoinical for the 
houaekreper. There are thou- 
•aiida in use in Philailelphia 
homea. They are aol«l by 
dealera generally, and may be 
aeen in operation at the 
Binders’ Exchattgff 18 H. 7ih HU 

acofl your aama to I ha makaro 

Roberts, Stevenson Co., 

fot III.Mr.1.« Booklet. «aFaio, Jf. F. 

Brown Label ... $ 

Black " ... 1 

Qreen " - - - ’ 1 

TeUow " . . . 1 

Whiti " . . . 1 

Perfection (12 yoare old) - 2 


9 .75 

’ 1.25 


Huey & Christ 

_ sv.-.. 



5 r V > ^ Sr 





*STANI»Al(l» •• 

“SPErfAI.” .V). 

Wc arc the originators and largest makers of U sliaped hangers. Cict 
the GENUINE LANE HANGER for best satislaction. 


Goods Sold by AM Hardware Dealers. 



422 54 PROSPECT ST. 

Makers of Highest Grade Hammers 


Cheap, Practical and Useful. 

Ifonruf« CaKrKftTKY an» nvii.iMMw. ^yl- 

fMter » • I 

TiiK lit Gi'iiih Anm rm a r#H a 

liooK. Ilodfcnon 

TiiK A!«i» Htiw t«» INh Ir. 

PbaiTH al rAHPKJiTKT. 

Mtaib-Hioi.oimo Mauk Ka'^y. llodgtoB 

Hand Kaimnm MaokCaht 

TSik Caici»k.!*tkb’a a?«i» B« II hKM'*» r«*MPi trs 

C«MPAM||> 1 « «... .4 

AdlirrM I*. J MiOi lUK, 

liOA UOI, lllllMilHplMA, Pa. 


























lift your detler lo buy ibOAO du ll for tlio Aeklng aod y.iuMI half» tho PNItiS .aui*-^ 

wr'll aoud ynu lAf>« nirAatirr, ^amploA tiul %rlf n.cAaurrmMit tlAiik. wllh a dAmiy 41 U 
LusaIa Imthtr pockft BirnuirAndum fnpok frr« 


llio «rro il>»l i* ni»kln IMO.S MAl'K nothin* |H,pul«r 

X « 
Uj .If 


.a' ^ 

(0 3 

o: ^ 

D O) 


«2 X 
. - UJ 


U> 3.9 

t Material, Best Shape. Beat FinU¥ 

E E 
o 3 
Ü I 

We will make you to order a |>eiikuife 
like cut above, with your picture aod 
name thereou, with chamois case, for oos 
dollar, or a hi^ two-bladed Carpenters 
Kuife with German eilver rap, black 
handle, 75 cents, or tortoise shell handle, 
one dollar. liladfN warranted to stand 
bard wood coping- 


190 Poplar St. Chelsea, Mass. 

iffuvnrunai Lu 

“ Stempel ” 


Unequaled for Simplicity, Certainty» 

Quickness and Power in Action 

Tea tod to 400 Pounda aod Polly Worrantad 
Approvad by PhlUdalphIa PIra Uodarwritara Aaaaclatlon 





H. R. 




OROBOB Y. Ci'»'''SOM CO . . ..r^ 




\ W)n!hly Journal for Cirponters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 

VOL. XX.— No. 3 
Established 1881 


Disston’s New “TRIUMPH” Sawset 


Easy, Powerful and 
Accurate in Action 

The Two Plungers 
do the Work. 

One Holds the Blade 
The Other Sets 
the Tooth. 

Patented Oct. 31 

Sold by all Hardware 

Polished Finish Only, 

Particularly Adapted for Narrow Saws 

Made in Three Sizes — Lar^e, Mediutn and Small. 

Philadelphia, Pa 



If ^ ouT IlanlwoTC «lrnlrrd<N*«i 
TP*t iiniidlr them < 1 <mi t take an 
IMft tiot **rl kom«* **lir 

* It «* jllht jf«KKl *' 


have dotie much to build 
up our great trade oa 


Overalls and Pants. 

We Thank You. 



.V/ M' yOKK 

‘1 hotiu.»u<ie of llllu IfMil 
ti 4 \« tuen »«diL aiKl t!ir% 
arr hii;tilv t«>mtiirn«lr<l l»y 
.\1 1. H hu UM‘ Ihrni 

Says tht World's Fsir Award (J 

See Siet ICtystooe? Iff on ihf Tklnl 

igth yeer In bualneae aad nevi 
bad a atrlke { that’a our 
labor record. 

Clefeland & Whitehill Co. 

Newburgh, N. Y. 

rods do Oood Work 

India Oil Stones 


Worcester, Mass. 

The Pike Manufactnrinfl Co. 

SOKHAUiCSTS s.y.omcc, 

riKti STATU tx, X. It. 151 Cbambrr. at. 



The best Oil Stout on esrthe 

Imparti s fio« tdgt. Fui up In two gndm 
— ^.d..soli medium, roarse frii, snd herd me- 
dium, tine*gfii t.fcH stnne Iflielled, ttlliBg 
whether hard or soft . end guerenteed to give 
ebsolute letiffectlon. The seme sioec Is 
made In gouge slips end sll special shspet, 

AH leading hardware dtalert. 

Send for booklet oa the subject af oil aieoea. 
How to atUct aad use them, rootalaiag a 
acrlption of the oil aioaca on the nancft, whe- 
hlad of oNe to use, etc. 


W. S. Thomson 

foM mmtd. fas». Door, ins«. 

Bta«. CowflMi aa« flrooff Cfttm 

■cat, Btralfbt, Tarirtj, Hanldlag aad Cat- 
tm «r erery dtaerlnttos .'b4 Steal 
Cattar Uaai Balta 

413-420 W. 27 th. St. NEW YORK 

All Or4.w br Katt erMsaMy AMM4«a t. 


Stones Even and Clear Grained 

Great Strength of Material. Adaptability 
to all required shapes. 
Remarkable Cutting qualities. 

Sworn Circulation of THE CARPENTER, 

Best Advertising Medium for Tool Manufacturers, 
Wood Working Machinery, Hardware, Lumber and 
Building Materials. Also of Special Advantage to 
Contractors, Architects and Business Me*i* 



U‘ • 


New No. 2\4 Vertical Single Spindle and 
PUk Sander. 

^Vlll be found to possess nfiany 
Advantagresand Conveniences. 


, . Particulars for the . l.\hi>/i^> . . 

“A Money Saver” 

J. A. FAY & CO. 

514 to 534 W. Front St. 




Carpenter and Bnildors vithont eteam power oaa 
succrMiftillr oofiif»ete with the lurge ntiope by 
usIdk our New Labor Saring Ma^'hinerj. 

Sotd on TVial. Stud fur A. 

a U'aUr Si 

jurNew Labor Saring Ma^'hinerj. 

FWoI. Stud fur A. 


r St. Sentta rails. A K. V. S. A 



^ PNioNCAirainas. attent i o n 1 

^ Tk* UaiOS MADE Haad. Back, and Panel SawSt'Banntactnred 
In tbe United Slatea, are made hj 

E. G. Atkins & Co., Indianapolis, Ind. 

See the fellewlnf, from Carpeater*’ UbIob,: 
T« <he Cmrp»mt»ra ot tkm Vmtted Btmtem mmd Cmmmdm t 
Wa hereby certtfy that the Sews made hr E. C. 
Co . ol ladlaaapollst Ind., are strictly UNION MADE 
asd are lirat.claM la quality. 

Wa are loatructed to alfu tbia cortincato by our ri 


^msdamt Carptm t^ s l/miam Aa. to, ImdimHmptItt, Imd. 


^andmt CmrpassIms Umiam Na »it, IndiamapoUs, Imd 

Thla Mpa»» U for by Bow ■■ban* ValoD 
' gj^ Bo. 1. mt l»ei««,pnll,i lad. 

Atkioa a 



MiifcracTUBBiiM or 

Chaplin’s Patent Planes 

Curmgated Face or Smooth* Fare 

Checkered Robb'r Handl*, er EaamelMl 
Wood Hnndle, 



IftMl T„tri Tragh Tso^r- Belld Twalsd BoUur. H.»ty Mill F«,’,. fUud hudlw 
■ BWABK or IMlTATloat. 

406 to 42b W. Front Street, CINCINNATI, q 

WOOD worI^ 



Nrm \*o. '2 flAnd PUner and Jointer. 

Will m.ikc* c flue JointN. fithtr Conc.^v«* 
or Conve.x, u ill* out of WmJ, Br.iJ, 
Corner, Chamicr, ( iroovt*. i, Kabbrt, 
and Jo a run of work. 



. . .Correspondence 


asefultoal! mechanics, carpenter» etpe- 
dally, and being; very small, can be carric<i 
in the veat pocket. Cut i« two-thlrd§ act- 
ual tire. Ask vour hardware dealer for it 
and aee that it bears the stanip of F. Bril» 
k Co. For further information addre»» 

F. BRAIS Sc go- 

366 Kirtiaad Street Clevelaad, Okie. 

Pfioo - - • 26 Cent» 

The New System 


li Architecture 

I Arrhllorturnl Iirnwlng: 

A Htfwiu.lÜDrtrirml 

fl V . I«wl : Civil axwl Miuu^ 

Knulno^rtng : 1 > r m «e * rt g 
la ligf ntiW ▼•ylßf Milan. iKtry;' 

J. . cP 8 » Flunihtrig; fln>k 

i^h orthMod; Luguat 

taught by mail I 

I Ov«r 50 CoariMS 

1 Wa hkea balp«d IhooMMDdalu lifter {• ■«•» -n« 
And aalhrlru fur fro« «irrular«, »««iii.g 

Ilia guLjact in which joa nra inte-rima. I 
TUI IBTBaRariOfaL ioaminrtiBbt«« t m MDULM, 
Mwg I04M, flwrtiwtww, |*n. 


In Matorlal, in Finlah, In Cutting Qualltiaa 

Warranted the Best 




is made right here in Philadelphia and it aged 
everywhere by wise people. It is 

and it is the Y>e»t furnace liecanae it igiwts more 
heat to the square inch than any other furnace 
made. Its unique 
construction renders 
this pofksihle. 

Hiatt aboaf Haatlao" 

will interest and help yon. 

It is Fskr. 

it alao made in Phila- 
delphia. It i, 

made in aeven aize, and every conceivable etyle. It 
haa been known to Philadelphia home keeper, for tbe 
past year, aa the very best ran,;e. 

The • MAGIC ” range fills the bill for s smsll com- 
pact. inexpensive range. Poll description sent free 
upon request. 

ISAAC A. SHEPPARD & CO., wakens 

1801 North Fourth Street Philadelphia 

9,5 Chambers Street 


i.'i given ail .iroiiml when the Iimu- 
is trinnned with Sargent’s hardwan 
The Architect is j)leascd hccansc li 
specified it; tlie owner is jileasc 
eacli tinn* he hxiks at the triininin,:..' they a<ld .so innch t<> lli 
heanty of the home, and evervl><"i 
is pleased witli llie w»»rking of Sai 
gcnt’.s I\asy Spring I.ocks. 


M.ikers of Artislir H.irdw.iit* and h iiK* I 

New York, N, V, and New llavtni, I’onn. 

# ■ ' ■"'^ 

A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 

VOL. XX.— No. 3. 
Established 1881. 



f Fifty Cents Per Year, 
1 Single Copies, 5 Cts. 

WaTERBury, Conn. — The union here 
is flourishing and we expect to have a 
complete membership of fully 300 by the 
1st of May. 

Memphis, Tenn. — The carpenters are 
well organized here. There are very few 

scab jobs, and thCvSe are confined to two 

and three-room cottages. 

- »>»«« - 

St. Albans, Vt. — Within a short time 
we have gained about twenty new mem- 
bers. We are doing well. All the brothers 
are active in their de.sire to make Union 
263 a success. 

Montgomery, Ala. — We have suc- 
ceeded in organizing a Building Trades 
Council, and a business agent has been 
appointed. Local Union 312 is increa.s- 
ing in membership. 

Evansville, Ind. — Forty-eight new 
members and Union 90 is steadily in- 
creasing. Our members are fully alive 
to the necessity of perfect organization, 
and are all working toward that end. 

Rochester, N. Y. — Our meetings are 
well attended änd our members are show- 
ing deep interest in the progress of Local 
Union 231. Substantial gains have been 
made in membership during the past few 

Atlantic City, N. J. — With a little 
effort we can make this a thoroughly 
union city. We have the assistance and 
encouragement of all the building trades. 
Union 432 is adding to its membership at 
every meeting. 

»»«« - 

Covington, Ky. — We are introducing 
new rules in our local unions in order to 
induce non-union men to join our ranks. 
The meetings are better attended now 
than ever they were. We have organized 
a Borough District Council. 

Easton, Pa. — Washington’s Birthday 
was celebrated by Union 239. There was 
a large attendance of members and quite a 
number of initiations. A banquet was 
served during the evening and those 
present enjoyed a right good time. 

Ogden, Utah.'— We have enrolled forty- 
five out of about seventy carpenters and 
joiners here. Will not rest until we have 
them all in Union 450. We consider 
that we have done very well, and are re- 
ceiving every encouragement in the good 

San Mateo, Cal.— Local Union 162 is 
getting alon^ nicely. Every carpenter 
in the town is a member. When a new 
man arrives, and before the rope is off his 
tool chest, we induce him to fill out his 
application. We are growing steadily in 

Joseph Hague, who recently tried to 
erect a building here with non-union 
labor, took a wise course and changed his 
mind. After a brief strike, brought 
about bv the Building Trades of San 
Mateo and mechanics from San Francisco. 
Mr. Hague agreed to employ union men, 
and now everything is again peace and 
harmony in this beautiful little .suburb. 

Mattoon, III. — The members of Local 

Union 347 organized an open meeting 

last week. There was a large attendance 
and we had two very able speakers, two 
attorneys of the town. The work of or- 
ganization is moving along satisfactorily 

Rp:ading, Pa. — The most flourishing 
organization in this city is Local Union 
492. One of the largest halls here has 
been leased for our meetings. Soon 
every carpenter in Reading will be in our 
ranks. There is a long list of applicants 
for membership. 

Saginaw, Mich. — We send good news 
from Union 59. It is in splendid shape, 
and we are constantly adding to our list 
of members. A Building Trades Council 
has been organized, and it cannot fail to 
be productive of good results. Our meet- 
ings are well attended. 

Worcester, Mass. — We are enrolling 
new members at every meeting of both 
local unions. While he w'as here Brother 
Gaillard did good work among the carpen- 
ters of the towm. He set the ball rolling 
and w’e intend to keep it up. We have 
succeeded in unionizing several jobs. 

Rome, Ga. — We are making arrange- 
ments for a public meeting at an early 
date. The colored carpenters are very 
anxious to organize and an application 
for a charter will, in all probability, be 
sent in during the next week or two. 
Local Union 41 1 is in good condition. 
»» «: « - 

Quincy, 111. — The Building Trades 
Council has appointed a business agent, 
and his presence in the field will, un- 
doubtedly, prove a great benefit to all 
branches of the organization. Trade is 
dull here at present, but when the spring 
season sets in business will be revived. 

Norwalk, Conn. — On P'ebruary 27th, 
Local Union celebrated its ninth anniver- 
sary with a musical and literary enter- 
tainment. There was a large attendance 
of members and friends. Refreshments 
were served, .speeches were made and the 
entire affair was particularly succes.sful. 

Newport News, Va. — We hope to 
increase our membership con.siderably 
between now and the fir5t May. At our meeting we initiated fifteen new 
members and liave as many more applica- 
tions on hand. We have arranged for a 
public meeting on 22d, and hope to 
secure the attendance of all the contract- 

Travp:rse City, Mich. — One of the 
most enjoyable events of the season was 
the reception and banquet given by Union 
226 on the evening of the 8th inst. All 
the carpenters and contractors in the city, 
with their families, were invited and in 
all fully 200 were pre.sent. The union 
gave the President a very hand.some 
ebony gavel with golden locust handle. 

Schenectady, N. Y. — On the 8th inst.. 
Local Union celebrated the fourteenth 
anniversary of its founding. An elaborate 
banquet was provided, and an excellent 

musical programme. Brother Burke of 

the Painters’ Union was the orator of the 
occasion. Dancing was kept up until the 
small hours of the following morning. 
F'ully two hundred members, wives and 
sweethearts were present. 

‘Canton, 111. — One year ago we had 
no Carpenters’ Union here. To-day we 
have a local with over thirty members. 
Two years ago carpenters worked for 
$1.25 per day for ten hours, to-day we 
get $2.50 for nine hours. With one ex- 
ception every contractor in town has rec- 
ognized the union, but we will have the 
lonely one with us very soon. Local 
Union 293 is pitshing right to the front. 

Montreal, Can. — Organized labor in 
Montreal and Quebec has protested, with 
the result that the government has prom- 
ised to consider the possibility of amend- 
ing the Benevolent Societies law to suit 
workingmen’s organizations. In the 
meantime all orders to comply with the 
objectionable measure have been with- 
drawn by the authorities. We believe 
the que.stion will be settled to our advan- 
tage. Local 134 is increasing. 

Houston, Tex. — Local Union 104 is 
moving along in the usual way, taking in 
new members almost every night, keep- 
ing up the organizjition with large and 
intere.sting meetings. We had a new 
feature in the shape of an auction sale at 
our last meeting. Brother Hogan was 
auctioneer and he proceeded to sell the 
tools of the late Brother John Strickling 
for the benefit of his family. Quite a 
number of the tools were sold, bringing a 
good price. 

Racine, Wis. — Excellent progress is 
being made in the work of organization 
as the direct result of Brother Catter- 
mulPs visit here two months ago. His 
speech was an able one, and his advice to 
our members on different questions be- 
fore the Union were fully appreciated. 
We hope to have him with us again in 
the new future and will hold a great mass 
meeting, so that all intere.sted in the in- 
dustrial question may have an opportu- 
nity to hear him. 

Greenwich, Conn. — The banquet 
given by the members of Union 196 to 
their friends here last week proved a 
decided success. About 150 were prCvSent. 
General President Huber surprised all 
hands by dropping in to see the boys, 
and was in turn smprised to find a goodly 

Eleven New Unions Chartered During 
the Past Month. 

498. Brantford, Out. 

500. Butler, Pa. 

501. Darien, Ga. 

502. Canandaigua, N. Y. 

503. Depew, N. Y. 

504. Chicago, 111., (Jewish.) 

505. Litchfield, 111. 

506. GainevSville, Tex. 

508. Phenix, Ala. 

510. Duquoin, 111. 

767. Ottumwa, Iowa. 

Making a grand total of 202 new unions 
chartered during the past twelve months 

What The Unions Have Done. 

“ Attacked and denounced as scarcely 
an}^ other institution ever has been, the 
unions have thriv^en and grown in the 
face of opposition. This healthy vitality 
has been due to the fact that they were a 
genuine product of social needs— indis- 
pensable as a protest and a struggle 
against the abuses of industrial govern- 
ment, and inevitable as a consequence of 
that consciousness of strength inspired 
by the concentration of numbers under 
the new conditions of industry. They, 
have been, as is now admitted by almost 
all candid minds, instruments of progress. 
Not to speak of the material advantages 
they have gained for workingmen, they 
have developed powerful sympathies 
among them, and taught them the lesson 
of self-sacrifice in the new interest of 
their brethem, and, still mote, of their 
successors. They have infused a new 
spirit of independence and self-re.spect. 
They have brought some of the best men 
to the front, and given them the ascen- 
dency due to theiTx personal qualities and 
desirable in the interests of society.” — 
John K. Ingram^ L. L. I). 

number of ladies at a carpenters’ social . . 
He was promptly called upon for a speech . 
He gave a clear and encouraging talk on 
the needs of organization, also on the 
prOvSperous condition of the United Bro- 

San Francisco, Cal. — Local Union 22 
celebrated its eighteenth anniversary on 
the 17th of last month by an entertain- 
ment and ball at Odd Fellows’ Hall. It 
surpassed anything that lias ever been, 
presented in this line given by a labor 
organization in this city. Delegations 

from all local affiliated unions and from 
the branch organizations in San Mateo, 
Vallejo, Oakland, Alameda, San Rafael 
and San Jose participated in the festivi- 
ties. The Union has during its existence 
made .steady progress, and on the 1 st of 
September, 1 882, made its first demand and 
gained the Saturday eight-hour day. On 
January 1, 1883, the general nine-hour 
day was secured both for San Francisco 
and Oakland, and the eight-hour day on 
May 1 , 1 890. The membership has steadily 
increased. The records show that at some 
of its meetings even as high as eighty- 
six members have been initiated at one 
single meeting. Union 22 is at present 
in a thoroughly healthy and] good condi- 


■ 1 : 


I . 




Trade Movements for Better 


Kingston, N. Y. — Beginning April 1st, 
Union 251 will consi3er eight hours to be 
a day’s work. The contractors have been 
so advised. 

East St. Louis, 111. — Local Union 169 
has resolved that on and after April 2d 
the minimum rate of wages shall be 45 
cents per hour. 

Asbury Park, N. J. — Union carpenters 
at this resort have demanded nine hours 
and $2.75 per day. Union 750 is in- 
creasing in members. 

Faix Rivrr, Mass. — Eight hours wdth 
full pay is what I^ocal Union 223 has 
demanded from the contractors, No 
trouble is looked for. 

Local Unions 401, Pittston, and 150, 
Plymouth, Pa., liave adopted trade rules, 
asking for the nine-hour day at present 
rate of pay. To be enforced on April 1st. 

BinghampTon, N. Y. — Unions 233 and 
310 have asked for an increase from f2.00 
to $2.50 per day for nine hours work and 
the prospects of our success are very good.* 

LockporT, N. Y. — Beginning on April 
1st, the trade rules adopted by Local 
Union 289, include the nine-hour day, 30 
cents per hour, and overtime counted 
time and half. 

Orangk, N. J. — All contractors have 
been informed by Union 349 that the 
trade rules for the coining season will 
include the eight-hour day and a wage 
rate of $2.75. 

• Canton, 111. — The carpenters of this 
city have made an agreement with the 
contractors for the nine-hour day, 25 
cents per hour, and the employment of 
none but union men. 

Council Bluffs, la. — Local Union 364 
has submitted to the contractors here a 
demand for the eight-hour day, minimum 
rate of wages 30 cents per hour and time 
and half on overtime. 

Elwood, Ind. — The contractors here 
have made an agreement with Union 652, 
granting a minimum w’age scale of 25 
cents per hour, the nine-hour day, and 
time and lialf for overtime. 

San MatkOu Cal. — Local Union 162, 
has notified the contractors that after the 
first Monday in April, w'ages shall be 
$3.50 per day. We do not anticipate any 
troulde alx>ut getting it. 

Akron, Ohio. — The members of Union 
84 have decided to demand 25 cents an 
hour as minimum rate of w'ages and the 
nine-hour day, to lake effect on April 1st. 
The contractors have been advised. 

Brauford, Pa. — The majority of con- 
tractors and builders have signed the 
agreement establishing the nine-hour day 
for carpenters. Union 124 is actively 
engaged in the work of organization. 

Covington, Ky.— The District Council 
has sent to all the contractors a projicsi- 
tion for the eight-hour day and an increase 
in wages. We believe that a satisfactory 
settleinent will be concluded with them. 

Troy, N. Y. — The nine hour day, 30 
cents per hour, overtime to be paid for 
at the rate of time and half are included 
in the new trade rules submitted by 
Union 78, and will go into effect on April 

NanTicokk, Pa. — Our trade rules just 
adopted include the nine-hour day, a 
wage scale of 25 cents per hour, overtime 
rated at time and half, except Sundays,* 
when it will be double. To go into 
effect on April 1st. 

Buffalo, N. Y. — Arrangements have 
been made wdth the Pan-American people, 
and they have granted the eight-hour day, 
30 cents per hour, time and half for over- 
time and double time for work on Sun- 
days and holidays. 

Traverse City, Mich. — The masons, 
printers and laborers of the city have or- 
ganized, mainly through the efforts of 
Brother Weaver, of the Cigarmaker’s 
Union. The masons are with us for the 
nine-hour day on April 1st. 

Keno.Sha, Wis. — The agreement be- 
tween Union 161 and the contractors 
here, stipulates for the nine-hour day, a 
wage rate of 30 cents per hour, time and 
half for overtime, and double time for 
Sundays and all legal holidays. 

- »»• «« - 

Hancock, Mich. — An agreement has 
been drafted by Union 130 and sulnnitted 
to the contractors, asking for the nine- 
hour day, a rate of 35 cents per hour, and 
50 cents per hour for overtime, Sunday 
work and all legal holidays. 

Cripple Creek, Colo. — The District 
Council last month started the movement 
for better conditions among the members 
of the craft here. A demand will be 
made on April 1st for an increase in 
w'ages from $3.50 to $4.00 per day. 

WORCF.STER, Mass. — Local Unions 23 
and 408 have sent a demand to the con- 
tractors for $2.50 minimum, time and half 
for overtime on work da}’s, double time 
Sundays and holidays, recognition of the 
business agent and Saturday eight hours. 

P^ASTON, Pa. — An increase of 20 per 
cent, has been asked for by Union 239. 
This will make the wages 30 cents per 
hour. The nine-hour day is included in 
the demands, to take effect on April 
The advance asked for includes the mill 

PiTTSBURG, Pa. — The unions in this 
city liave voted by large majorities, to 
maintain the following trade rules. The 
eight-hour day, minimum wage 33^ 
cents per hour, overtime rated at time 
and half, except on legal holidays, when 
it w'ill count as double. 

Phillipsburg, N. J. — The carpenters 
here wdio have not joined Union 399, are 
beginning to see the folly of not being 
organized, and they are now* .signing ap- 
plications for membership. The members 
of Union 399 intend to ask for the nine- 
hour day and a standard rate of wages. 
-> »> « « 

Stapleton, S. I. — The contractors ami 
builders of Richmond borough have been 
notified tliat on April 16th eight hours 
shall constitute a day’s work for five days 
of the week and four hours on Saturday; 
tliat the minimum rate of wages shall be 
40 cents per hour, and that overtime be 
]mid at the rate of double time. 

The Humlson County (N. J.)» Building 
Trades Council,, representing 3,000 union 
mechanics, has adopted the following as 
the union wages and conditions in the 

affiliated trades: Carpenters, $3.00 per 
day for eight hours; painters, $2.75 for 
eight hours; plumbers, $3.50 for eight 
hours; lathers, $3.50 for eight hours; ma- 
.sons’ labore^j;, $2.50 for eight hours. 

vShreveport, La. — The demands of 
Union 85 were submitted to the con- 
tractors and builders here last month. 
Thev include a minimum rate of $2.50 
per day, the eight-hour day, overtime to 
count as time and half, and on legal holi- 
days double lime shall be paid. We are 
well organized and the mechanics 
are among our members. 

Oklahoma City, O. T.— In October 
last an agreement was .signed between the 
building contractors and Local Union 
276. Among the .specifications embodied 
in it was the nine-hour day. One of the 
contractors w'ho signed the'agreement is 
now offering to employ union men to 
work ten hours. He lost one job recently 
through resorting to similar methods. 

Yonkp:rs, N. Y. — Fully two-thirds of 
the master carpenters and builders are in 
favor of our <lemands, minimum wage 
seale of 41 cents per hour, the eight-hour 
day, and half holiday on vSaturday. The 
few’ bo.sses who have not yet consented 
are expected to fall in line w’ith the 
before April 1st. Local Unions 273 and 
726 are to be congratulated on the success 
of the movement. 

Toronto, Can.— At a joint meeting of 
both branches of the Amalgamated Car- 
penters and Joiners, and Local Union 27 
held last week, trade rules were adopted 
to go into effect April 30th. The eight- 
hour day, a minimum rate 25 cents per 
hour until 1st and, 27)4 cents 
afterward, and overtime paid at rale of 
time and half, are the principal demands 

New York, N. Y. — The Master Car- 
penters and Mill Workers in the borough 
of Bronx and city of Mount Vernon, 
have been notified that on and after April 
1st, the rate of wages for carpenters in 
the borough shall be $3.50 for eight hours 
w’ork, and in Mount Vernon, $3.25 for 
eight hours work. Saturday to be ob- 
served as half holiday. That in all mills 
in the borough and Mount Vernon the 
wages .shall be $17.00 per week of fifty 
hours, and Saturday half holiday. 


Chicago Heights, 111. — Local Union 
272 has asked for the nine-hour day and 
35 cents per hour from May 1st. 

Tuxedo, N. Y. — Union 389 lias decided 
to grant an extension of lime to the 
bosses to May 1st, before enforcing our 
demands for the eight-hour day, and a 
standard wage of $2.75. 


Hackensack, N. J. — Our trade rules 
w’ill go into operation on May The 
nine-hour day, eight on Saturdays, mini- 
mum scale of wages $2.75, all overtime to 
be double time. 


Milwaukee, Wis. — The eight-hour 
day has been demanded by all the unions 
here, and 30 cents per hour, to take effect 
on May 1st. No trouble i.s antici])ated, 
as the carpenters are w'ell organized. 

Springfielp, 111. — The contractors in 
this city are anxious to work in liarmoiiy 
with the men and the members of Union 
16 expect to secure the eight-hour day 
and 31 X cents per hour from May 1st, 
witliout any trouble. 

BUFF.A.LO, N. Y. — The mill liands here 
have decided to demand 10 per cent, in- 
crease in wages, time and half for over- 
time, double time for all holidays, tliat 
none but union labor be employed, and 
the nine-hour day. 

Omaha, Neb. — On and after May 1st, 
the rate of w^ages demanded by Union 
427, W’ill be 40 cents per hour. We have 
.submitted our agreement to the con- 
tractors and to the Building Trades 
Council. The unions affiliated wuth the 
latter have expre.s,se<l their unanimous 

- »»« « - 

Lowell, — Union 49 has voted 
that the follow’ing demands be made on 
the contractors, to go into effect May 
That $2.50 be the minimum rate of 
w'ages; nine hours per day; all overtime 
to be paid for at the rate of 40 cents per 
hour, Sundays and legal holidays at 55 
cents an hour. 

Bridgeport, Conn.— We will make a 
move for the eight-hour day on May, 
and we have advised the contractors to 
that effect. We are working hard to get 
those carpenters outside Union 115 to 
join our ranks. They are coming in 
gradually. All the building trades here 
have made the .sjime demand. 

Saginaw, Mich. — We have started the 
eight-hour agitation here and intend to the movement vigorou.sly. We do 
not expect much, if any, oppo.sition from 
the contractors. The members of Unions 
59 and 334 are .standing solidly together. 
The craft is well organized in this city 
and the demand for the shorter day will 
be enforced on May 1st. 


Plainfield, N. J.— Union 155 has 
made a demand for the eight-hour day to 
take effect on June 

Newport, R. I. — We announce wdth 
much plea.sure that on and after June 1st, 
the carpenters of this city will enjoy the 
eight-hour day without reduction of 
wages. All our demands have been con- 
ceded wathout any trouble. We cannot 
praise too highly the goorl work of 
Brother William J. Shields and a com- 
mittee of five of our members, who were 
succe.s.sful in bringing about such excel- 
lent results. 

School for Members of the Federa- 
tion of Labor. 

James J. McNamara, of Baltimore, Md., 
has made plans fora .school w’hich will be 
know n as the University of the Federa- 
tion of I^bor of Baltimore. 

The objects of the institution wall be to 
educate members of the unions repre- 
sented in the P'ederation of Labor and 
their friends. The following .subjects 
will be taught by competent men : Moral 
philoso])hy, parliamentary law, univer.sal 
history, and American hi.story, 
con.stitutional law, the organization and 
structure of .state, county and city gov- 
ernments, political science, American ]x)l- 
itics, the organization of i)olitical jjarties 
in nation, .states and cities, political 
economy, embracing the various .schools, 
which will include tru.sts and labor or- 
gan i/ation.s. 

vSpecial attention will be given to polit- 
ical economy, ]x)litical |xirties, ix)litical 
scie^ice and municipal government. The 
lectures will be delivered by men familiar 
wdth the subjects to be taught, with ref- 
erences to the best lxH>k.s on each .sub- 
ject, which can be obtained free of charge. 

The only will l>e the liall rent. 
There will be two one-hour lectures each 



The Ideal Union Man. 

An ideal labor unionist should be a 
truthful man, is the opinion of William 
Joyer. It may be urged that this vnrtue 
is included in that of honesty. But hon- 
esty is, after all, a negative virtue. Truth 
is positive and stamps its possessor with 
a grand character, even though weak in 
other points. To be able, without hesi- 
tation, to answer “yes” or “no,” even 
though the words should bring blame to 
him who utters them, is a triumph of 
moral bravery. The truthful labor union- 
ist carries with him the respect even of 
the enemies of labor. 

The ideal labor unionist should be a 
vigilant man. “ Eternal vigilance is the 
price of liberty,” may be trite, but it is 
certainly true. Vigilant in attending to 
the duties of membership, both in the 
union and out of it. Prompt in the pay- 
ment of dues and assessments, remember- 
ing that money is the sinews of war, as 
well for the workingman as the 
Slow to find fault with the union oHicers, 
at the same time keeping close .scrutiny 
on their actions. A good unionist will 
not to accept an office which he 
knows he can .satisfactorily fill. He 
.should seek to allay rather than augment 
jealoUvSy of .si.ster unions and repre.senta- 
tive labor bodies, remembering that there 
is always a constitutional way to 
redress grievances. Such a man is a 
tower of strength, not only to his own 
union, but to the of labor reform 
wherever his influence is felt. — T/ie 

What the Defense Funds Mean. 

Many of the large unions that have 
no “defense funds” are taking steps to 
create them. Their utility has been .so 
forcibly demon.strated, and is, indeed, .so 
obvious, that it .should be necessary to 
say but little to insure their 
ment where they do not already exist. 
While at first glance such funds may 
seem calculated to ‘ ‘ clear the decks for 
action” and precipitate strikes, the con- 
trary is the case. They rather perform 
the part of an efficient .standing army 
and navy, and insure peace by promising 
a lively time if conflict shall be provoked. 
The benefits that accrue from defense 
funds are various. The Cigarmakers’ 
Union, which has $300,000 to its credit, 
finds that the knowledge that it has this 
money at command to enforce rea.soiiable 
demands, induces parties in- 
clined to resist compliance therewith, to 
make no objection. This is one point. 
Another is, that such a fund enables the 
organization having it to e.stablish bene- 
ficial features otherwise not po.ssible. 
While it takes a.ssessments to build a 
fund, it takes notliing to maintain it 
when no drafts are made upon it. On 
the contrary, it earns money which be- 
comes available for beneficial 
A rule quite generally followed in this 
country and in Phi gland is, to create a 
fund of required .size by a.sses.sment ; de- 
vote the income derived to beneficial pur- 
poses ; and to make good any drafts upon 
the fund for of defense by .sub- 
sequent a,sse.ssment. This re.sults in a 
fixed income for benefits, imposes the of a fight upon the members, and 
gives them the moral weight of the fund, 
in addition to benefits, in return for the 
original assessments that created it. In 
England, where labor organizations have 
had very great, their trea.suries 
fairly teem with accumulations, which, 
with their natural accretions, as they are 
all .safely inve.sted, make a simi tremend- 
ous in its possibilities. 

Discerning the Signs- of the Times. 

Lord Salisbury .said in a speech before 
the Primrose League: “ The coming 

.struggle will be on questions of property, 
and e.specially of property in land.” 

This is a weighty prophecy resulting 
from close and correct obser\^ation. Land 
monopoly is the mother of all other 
monopolies and special privileges. No 
one has any .standing room in this world, 
except he is paying toll for it to the land 

Another example .shall be added: The 

Philadelphia North American asked the 
question: “ What has the twentieth 

century in store for Philadelphia?” It 
.sums up the reply in the following words : 

“ Substantial men, 
names are almost hou.sehold words, 
.solemnly affinn that with the new cen- 
tury will come revolution and bloodshed; 
leading lawyers .say the tendency will be 
toward; bankers join with the 
single-tax theory and the consequent 
overthrow of existing .social conditions. 
That such a tremendous undercurrent of 
di.s.sati.sfaction and unrest exists in this 
city will undoubtedly come as a .shock to 
thou.sands of con.servative citizens. The 
opinions given are not those of labor 
agitators or anarchists; they are the 
careful expres.sions of men of wealth and 
of .standing and of broad education. The 
revolutionary suggestions were not 
.shouted upon the .streets in time of riot 
and excitement, but were given deliber- 
ately while the .speakers sjit in their 
well-fumi.shed offices, .surrounded by 
comforts and evidences of prosperity.” 

How can the foregoing contemplation 
of tlie signs of the times be reconciled 
with glowing press re]K)rts of re- 
turning prosperity — demand for work, 
raising of wages, etc.? There are other 
indi.sputable facts in existence that will 
throw a searchlight on such rose-colored 
statements of prosperity. 

It is true there is a tremendous pro.s- 
perity in this countr}* — for trusts, com- 
bines, monopolies and for all those who 
enjoy special privileges created by .shrewd 
lawyers and legislators. But these priv- 
ileged persons form an insignificant mi- 
nority, compared with those who have to 
suffer for it. There is a great and real 
power, be.side the heartless money power; 
and this power is at work to overthrow 
.such injustice. “ The mills of God grind 
slowly, but they grind exceeding small.” 

Plenty of work, yes; but this is only 
spa.smodic, and surely not for all. Labor- 
.saving machinery has driven hundreds of 
thousands of workingmen into enforced 
idleness, and finally into trampdom. And 
this is still going on. How long will it 
go on before the revolt shall come? Shall 
the drudgery, performed by the machine, 
never benefit the poor, but only make 
the rich richer? This is not the order of 
the economy of a Gwl. Time will 
prove this to be true. 

But have wages really increased? Yes, 
.some men have increased the wages of 
their drudges; but tliese increases liave 
not yet reached the mark from which 
they were reduced some years ago. And 
to offset this small increase in wages of 
workingmen in some parts of the country 
the “controlling interests” have raised 
the price to con.sumers from 10 to 100 
per cent.! We read of the great “ in- in wages” in some of the daily 
papers, but we do npt see much about 
the great increase in the cost of living. 
That is the other .side of the que.stion, 
and it is not intended for reference only 
in a whi.sper. The real producers will not 
be satisfied with a little extra allowance 
when they see the mono|)olist.s piling up 
wealth faster than heretofore. 

And what about the crimes of the tene- 
ment houses and the inhuman sweat 

shops that cry daily to heaven for justice ! 
Or, has God only a very few beloved 
children, while the great majority are 
only step children and do not deserve 
any notice? Some may be inclined to 
answer this affirmatively, but their faith 
is a spurious faith. — Gustav Riche, in 

The Confession of a Scab. 

Waco, Texas, January 27 , IQOO. 

To whom it may concern : 

I write this to .show to the world and to 
my fellow workers how a fellow will come 
out after .scabbing on a job. I came to 
Waco during the time of the street rail- 
way strike, and took a position as motor- 
man. (I worked about fourteen months 
and was fired without ceremony. I real- 
ized the wrong I had done long before I 
was discharged, and would have expres.sed 
my convictions sooner, but being a man 
witli a family I was afraid to do .so as I 
could not get a situation elsewhere. I 
don’t expect to get one now — knowing 
what I do about scabbing, 1 know tliat it 
would be to try, for I am con- 
rinced tliat any concern that wants an 
honest man would not employ a scab. 

I do not write this to ju.stify my.self, nor 
do I expect to accomplish anything by it. I 
merely to show how a corporation will 
treat a man after he has .served their ends 
to his own everlasting di.sgrace. 1 hope 
and pray that this warning will reach 
every innocent and ignorant maq that 
ever thinks of taking the place of a 
.striker. I will now give my experience. 
As before stated, I have been here about 
fourteen months. When I came and 
applied for work the me were out on an 
.strike. They wanted shorter hours. This 
was in justice to themselves and their 
families. I was hired and the Comjiany 
was glad enough to accept my sciences. 
I have never pro.spered since. The Com- 
pany did not trust me. I was watched, and 
for the first fault found against me, I was 
dismissed. A man that will not be hon- 
est in his dealings with his fellow work- 
man, will not be honest with a corp>or- 
ation, and as he cannot be tru.sted under 
.such circumstances, I do not blame tlie 
Company. Ever .since I took the job it 
has been a living hell for me, and I thank 
God that I am out of it. I did not have 
one moment’s peace of mind, during that 
tr)dng and terrible time. I will this 
letter hojiing that it may reach the press. 
I will never again play the ignominious 
part of a scab. My sympathies are with 
all unions in their struggle for the 
betterment of their condition. If anyone 
wants to know more about this I will 
gladly WTite them all the facts in the 
case. My address hereafter will be Mount 
Calm, Texas. May God the union 
for it has made a man of me. 

Signed, Marcus C. Gray. 

Good times and bad times are the 
fevers and chills of a sinking system. 
Every chill is more deadly than the 
When the fever flame of prosperity flares 
up a little the glazed eyes glisten with 
greed, unconscious that prosperity of a 
few means plunder of tlie many. There 
was high prosperity in Belshazzar’s 
palace when Babylon fell. — The New 

Information Wanted. 

Concerning the pre.sent whereabouts of 
Ferdinand Herman, formerly a member 
of Union No. 2. If he is located please 
communicate witli his daughter, Mis 
Herman, 719 Wade street, or with H. A. 
Heeg, 28 West Liberty street, Cincinnati, 

Poverty’s Day Dreams. 

Richard Whiteing, remarkable 
studies of life in the East End of London 
have made so marked an impression upon 
the reading public, gained his knowledge 
of the subject by living among the work- 
ers as one of them. 

Many of the experiences among the 
submerged ten are even more intere.‘^ting 
than he has told in print. 

Once while talking with a grizzled old 
woman who lived in the .same tenement, 
he referred to the queen. 

‘ ‘ Oh, ’ow I would like to be the queen ! ’ ’ 
.said the ancient dame. 

“\^hy?” asked Whiteing. 

“ It isn’t because of her ’orses, because 
if I were queen I would ’ave a donkey- 
cart with red wheels; and it isn’t because 
of her liand of musicians on horseback 
who goes ahead of the ’, for 
I’d much rather ’ave a Hitalian with a 
’and organ ; but just think, if she wakes 
up at three o’clock in the morning and 
wants a bite to eat she can touch a bell 
and ’ave beef and boiled cabbage right 
away ! ” 

Believe in .Yourself. 

If you would succeed up to the limit of 
your ix).SvSil)ilities, hoM con.stantly to the 
belief that you are .succe.s.s-organized, and 
that you will be successful, no matter 
wlial Never allow a .shadow of 
doubt to enter your mind that the Creator 
intended you to win in life’s battle. Re- 
gard every suggestion that your life may 
be a failure, that you are not made like 
those who succeed, and that success is 
not for you, as a traitor, and expel it from 
your mind as you would a thief from 

A man’s greatest enemies are his doubts. 
Re.solutely to surround yourself 
with an army of doubts, fears and anxi- 
eties. Vigorously dispel foes of 
your success and happiness, or they will 
undermine your future. Be firmly con- 
vinced that 3^011 were mafle in the image 
of perfection, designed for success and 
happiness, and that you have the power to 
.strangle the evils which would thwart >*ou. 

Labor unions stand for the shortening 
of the hours of labor, for the abolition of 
child labor, for tlie changing of condi- 
tions which make enforced nec- 
e.ssarv, for the education and enlighten- 
ment of the 3 ’outli of our land, for a 
better citizenship, and for wages that will 
make these things po.ssible. Show us 
another class of organizations with aims 
.so high, so patriotic, so fraught with goo<l 
for everybody. — Houston Journal, 

Unfair Concerns. 

The firm of Boyle, Everts & Co., of 
Auburn, N. Y., manufacturers of sash, 
blinds and doors, etc., has been placed 
on the unfair list by Local Union 453, for 
persistently refiusing to accede to the 
request of the organization, that they 
adopt the nine-hour day and pay the 
union scale of wages. Our brothers 
throughout the United States are urged 
to look out for the goods of this finn, as 
it lias always been a bitter enemy of 
organized labor. 

The Central Trades ami Lalior Council 
of Zanesville, Ohio, has declared as an 
unfair concern the Townsend Brick and 
Contracting Compiny of that city. A 
committee from tlie Council exhausted 
every effort in trying to convince this 
firm of their wTong and to secure living 
wages for their employes. 

Persevere little by little; no man ever 
became great in this world w’ho had not 
]>erseverance and patience. over- 
come many <iifficiilties. 



The Carpenter. 


The Principles of Geometry and 
Their Application in Hand- 
rail Construction. 

In Fig. 49 vve will need two bevels, and 

Fig. 46 a. 


that because the tangents are not equally 


E ^ I N this article we propose to give 
a few illustrations of radiant in- 
clinations of tangents, as addi- 
tional proof of the correctness 
and simplicity of our nietliod 
of finding bevels and thereby proving 
the adaptability of our method to all and 
ever>^ condition of tangential inclination. 

In Fig. 46 we have square tangents on 
plan, and in the elevation they assume 
different inclination— the upper tangent, 
c', being much steeper than the 
bottom Uingeiit 

To find the bevels draw tlie line a, c^' , 
Fig. 46 a, the exact length of o, c, or o, g, 
of the plan, which is the radius as shown. it be remembered that this line wdll 

in all cases be the base of the triangle 
that will contain the bevels. 

To find the altitude of the triangle 
draw the dotted line e, a, in Fig. 46, par- 
allel to the top tangent e', c' , we thus find 
point a ; from this point draw a, z, square 
to tlie top tangent as show^n; transfer 
a, Zy to Fig. 46 ay and connect -S', o; the 
angle at Zy will be the bevel for the top 
tangent; again from point a. Fig. 46, 
draw ay 5, square to Cy which is the 
bottom tangent revolved as shown by the 
dotted arc; from point g' y to Cy transfer as 
before tlie line a, 5, to Fig. 46 and con- 

nect 5, o\ the angle at 5 , will be the 

bevel for the bottom tangent. 

This process of obtaining bevels is 
universal in its application for square 
and oblique bases, as well as for any and 
every variation in the inclination of the 

In Fig. 47 we have a scpiare plan, but 
the inclination of the tangents are re- 
versed; the bevels are found on the same 
principle as shown at Fig. 47 a. In 
Fig. 48 we have a plan of tangents con- 
taining an obtuse angle, as shown at 
Cy Cy gy and the plan of the centre line of 
the rail, shown at Cy 2 y 8; less than a 
quarter circle, the tangents are equally 
included in the elevation as shown at 
c'y e'y and g'. In Fig. 49 we have the 
Slime plan, but tlie tangents in the eleva- 
tion are differently inclined, the top 
tangent being steeper than the bottom 


In Fig. 50, which has an acute angle 
base and unequal inclination of tangents, 
we find the bevels by drawing the ordi- 
nate 8, iiy then a line parallel to it from 
point Oy to zVy and from zVy to zu' y and from 
zv\ across the block to a ; proceed as before 
to find the distances a, Zy and «, 5, and 
transfer llieni to Fig. 50 a ; the bevels 
will be found at 5, and z. 

We have now come to the end of the 
serial, and trust that our endeavor will be 
found of benefit to many and appreciated 

It has always been our opinion that the 
teachers of the science of handrailing are 
mainly responsible for the lamentable 
want of basial knowledge of the science 
by workmen in general, in that they 
have neglected to explain the basial 
principles underlying their variant 
methods of construction. 

We are confident that an intelligent 
study of these articles will enable the 
successful student thereof to surmount all 
difficulties and be able to explain the 
zvhy and the wherefore of the whole 

Can You Answer? 


In Fig. 50 we liave a plan of tangents 
containing an acute angle, and the cen- 
tre line of the rail more tlian a quarter 
circle. To explain Fig. 48 draw the line 
8y g'; this line is usually termed ordinate; 
from Oy the centre of the curve of the 
rail and parallel to the ordinate 8y g', 
draw Oy €y on Cy raise the perpendicular 
line 6y e' ; from e' y draw the line e' y ay par- 
allel to the ground line; we thus find 
point ay wherefrom we take our measure- 
ments to the tangents for the altitude of 
the triangle tliat is to contain the bevel ; 
the measurements in this figure are shown 
at ay Zy and 0 , s. 

To find the l>evel, take the radius 0 , c, of 
the plan for base of the triangle Fig. 48 a, 
and the line j 3 t, or «, 5 , as altitude ; con- 
nect Zy Oy and at Zy we have the bevel ; in 
this for both tangents because it is a 
case of equal tangents in length and in- 

Can you put the spider’s web back in its place, 
That once has been swept away ? 

Can you put the apple aj^ain on the boujfh, 

Which fell at your feet to-day ? 


Can you put the lily-cup back on the stem, 

And cause it to live and grow ? 

Can you mend the butterfly’s broken wing, 

That you crushed with a baby blow ? 

Can you put the bloom again on the grape, 

Or the grape again on the vine ? 

Can you put the dewdrops back on the flowers, 
And make them sparkle and shine ? 

Can you put the petals back on the rose. 

If you could, would it smell as sweet ? 

Could you put the flour again in the husk. 

And show me the ripened wheat ? 

Can you put the kernel back in the nut, 

Or the broken egg in its shell ? 

Can you put the honey back in the comb. 

And cover with wax each cell ? 

Can you put the perfume back in the vase, 

When once it has sped away ? 

Can you put the cornstalk back on the com, 

Or the down on the catkin— say ? 

You think that my questions are trifling dear ? 
Let me ask you another one: 

Can a hastv word be ever unsaid, 

Or an unkind deed undone ? — non. 

Fig. 47. 

F*ig. 48. 

Carpkntkrs’ Union 309 lias requested 
Carpenters’ Unions *S75, 464, 497 and 513, 
all of New York City, to elect committees 
to co-operate with a committee from the 
union in making arrangements for the 
annual joint picnic to be held this sum- 

During the past two years there have 
been about 650 tnists organized in the 
United States. 

According to tlie issue of the 
Federationist y the American Federation 
of Labor chartered fifty-six unions during 
the month of January, in addition to the 
cliarters issued by affiliated national 
unions. _ 

Many meetings are being held in Hol- 
land in favor of universal .suffrage. 

Thkrk are 2,500 fi.shermen of Setubal, 
Portugal, oil strike for higher wages. 

>,^1: j= r 'VÄy- 




Fig. 50 a. 


The Progress of Labor. 

In early ages the laborers were mostly 
mere slaves, captives taken in war, or 
ruthlessly torn from their unprotected 
pastoral homes by slave-stealing maraud- 
ers. In those times labor was subject to 
“ the good old rule, the simple plan, that 
they should take who have the power, 
and they should keep who can.” Such a 
state of affairs was simply a rough cry- 
stallization of despotism, dangerous both 
to despots and victims. Most ancient 
wars in their origin and prosecution de- 
liberately organized forays, liaving for 
their object the capture of labor and its 
accunndations, and the victor of to-<lay 
was always liable to become the van- 
quished of to-morrow. 

While such a condition existed there 
was no .safety for those inclined to the 
peaceful occupation of commerce and the 
arts save by an unwilling recognition 
of the strength of might and the pay- 
ment to might of any demanded sum to 
alistain from the exercise of its despotic 
power. Such payments were made by 
civilized nations, including the United 
States, for many years to protect their 
citizens and commerce from the rapacity 
of the corsairs of the Barbary States, that 
for centuries liad been terrors of the 
maritime world and carried into a pitiless 
and hopeless slavery their unfortunate 

The ancient view of the proper rela- 
tions of labor arul capital was, therefore, 
the absolute ownership by the latter of 
the person and powers of the laborer. 
But, as society gradually improved under 
the beneficient teachings of Christianity, 

Fig. 49. 




Fig. 50. 

this condition was gradually mollified, 
and, during the feudal ages, the position 
of labor, although thoroughly deplorable 
from our present point of view, was still 
considerably improved, but agricultural 
laborers and servants were yet regarded 
as belonging to the feudal domain on 
which they were born, and the feudal 
lord was judge, jury, and too often the 
executioner at the same time. There was 
no fixed hours for work or rate of wages 
for such villeins, as they were called. They 
worked as they were required and ac- 
cepted w'hat was doled out to them as 
compensation. Gradually, as printing 
diffused the light of knowledge, a better 
state of affairs developed; the ingenuity 
and inventive talent of mankind began to 
assert themselves; and under the pressure 
of a steady augmentation of average in- 
telligence, supplemented by the .shock of 
gunpowder, tumbled to pieces, 
and labor began to form guilds, regulate 
apprenticeships, the rate of wages, and 
hours of labor, and to con.sult its general 
welfare. Many of these labor organiza- 
tions became very powerful. In Kngland, 
under the Tudor kings, they w’ere de- 
.scribed by Bacon as ” fraternities of 
evil,” but there is a little doubt that, 
upon the whole, they exerci.sed a salutary 
influence upon the condition of the 
world’s workers in their age. In London, 
eighteen of these trade guilds still exist, 
six of which were organized early in the 
fourteenth century and the others in the 
fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. 

As the re.sult of much distre.ssful effort 
it came to be determined that an Ap- 
prentice should serve seven years in 
learning a trade, and that a “day’s 

work ” should include the time from 
“ sun to sun,” that is to .say, from sun- 
rise to sunset, and a better, though from 
our .standpoint still very meagre, rate of 
wages was established. 

At this period there were many and 
prolonged attempts to regulate the com- 
]>ensation of arti.sans by law. This was 
true not only in Europe, but in the 
American colonies as w’ell. In 1633 it 
was enacted by the general court of 
Mas.sachusetts Bay tliat “journeymen” 
should receive not more than two shill- 
ings per day wdien “ boarding tliem- 
selves,” or fourteen ]>ence with “dyett,” 
and inferior workmen were to have their 
wages fixed by “a coiLstable and two 
others.” All were to work the w’hole 
day, a short time being allowed for 
“ foode and” Penalties were fixed 
for both giver and receiver of extra 
wages. This oppre.s.sive law was repeale<l 
in a few years, but the labor day con- 
tinued to be from “ sun to sun ” for 200 
years thereatter. 

The adoption of the steam engine of 
Watt, in the latter part of the last cen- 
tury, as a motive power for mills, and 
inventions of Arkwright, Cartwright and 
Cort rapidly changed the economic rela- 
tions of labor to society, and it soon be- 
came evident tliat the pow'ers of 
machinery if pushed to their uttermost 
would produce much more than the 
wants of the world required, and the in- 
creased diffusion of knowledge and habits 
of thought among men, .stirred into activ- 
ity perliaps by lal>or disturbances, made 
it plain tliat the safety of society under 
the new developments, especially in a 
Republic, rested solely on the intelli- 

gence of its members. Thus gradually 
it came to be recognized that a workman 
must be made something more than a 
mere working machine. He must be 
educated and properly fitted for his posi- 
tion in relation to the new order of things. 
This conclu.sion took labor at once from 
the condition of a commodity (which is 
always without sense and impossible to 
educate) and placed it in a vastly higher 
and more dignified relation to the world 
than it had ever before occupied. 

These facts, dimly perceived, felt, rather 
than apprehended, about the end of the 
first third of the present century led, with 
much social friction and bitterness, to the 
nearly simultaneous adoption in New 
England and some other States of a “ ten- 
hour day ” and an increased remunera- 
tion for labor. Then came the lyceum, 
that w'orkingmen’s college, free public 
libraries, improved .schools, technical 
schools and a general broadening and 
deepening of the intellectual powers of 
the w^orking forces, which, reacting in 
turn, developed improved machinery and 
methcKls, together with an increase of 
production an<l wages. 

QWe are now confronted with the ques- 
tion w’hether, with the improved modem 
mechanism and methods, in the liands 
of workers developed by modern educa- 
tional conditions, there cannot be enough 
proilucts created for tlie world’s needs in 
a working day of eight hours. This 
question has in many already been 
an.swered in the affirmative, and promises 
to be settled with much less difficulty and 
disturbance than accompanied the estab- 
lishment of the “ ten-hour day ” in the 
early part of the century. 

There are no more important questions 
at the present time tlian those arising 
from the relations of labor and machinery 
to .society; and in dispo.sing of them 
wisely the broadest culture and widest 
experience are not more than sufficient. 
History and precedent are valuable to 
warn and admonish, l)ut not always to 
direct or control; and, as new problems 
in mechanics requy*e new' metliod.s of 
solution, so in social and economical 
matters “new occasions teach new duties. ’ * 
— -James M. Shanks in Bulletin /. and S. 

How Fortunes are Made. 

The average person wi.shes to be rich. 

, It is the dream of the average life. The 
poor worry over poverty and often chafe 
at the thought that they cannot be mil- 
lionaires. Men with education and 
with brains than many who are 
.struggling for their Ijread, count their ac- 
cumulations by the millions, and the 
unfortunate are unable to understand it; 
and the rich, though often asked, never 
give the .secret of becoming wealthy. In 
a recent magazine symposium a number 
of millionaires prescribe their rules by 
which fortunes are made. Epitomizing 
them, tliey are to be indu.strious, sober, 
honest, prompt and energetic. No one 
will doubt the po.sitive neces.sity of these 
virtues in a .succe.s.sful life. But tliere are 
men in the almshouse who Iiave prac- 
ticed them all their lives; bankrupts have 
been governed by tliem; the man in the 
hovel may liave always religiou.sly re- 
garded them, and millions ujx)n millions, 
who are putting up tlie .strongest fight to 
feed their families, learned these prin- 
ciples in tlieir mothers’ laps and adopted . 
them as part of their existence. 

Unless a man is born with a talent for 
accumulation he will never accumulate 
millions. It is as distinct a talent as is 
the oratorical, j)oetical or artistic talent. 
The rich man was born a financial .sponge 
and he absorbs every dollar with wliich 
he comes in contact. He cannot help 
becoming rich. — Exchange, 

'm il 


■ m 





A Stirring Appeal. 

The following circular was mailed re- 
cently, under seal, to every carpenter in 
the city of Clevelatid and vicinity whose 
names could be found recorded in the 
directory. It is worthy of careful periusal 
at it contains many sound and sensible 
suggestions that our brothers elsewhere 
might well avail themselves of, and is a 
tribute to the forethought and intelli- 
gence of our members in the hake Cit}*. 

Yoii build I You build ! But you enter not in, 
Tike the tribes whom the desert devoured in 
their sin ; 

From the land of promise you fade and die, 

Ere its verdure gleams forth on your wearied eye. 

— Ml'S. Sigourney in Ft ogress and Povery, 
by Henry George. 

To the Journey fuen Carpenters of Cleve- 
land and vicinity: 

The Union carpenters of Cleveland 
Iiave decided to demand $2.So per day on 
and after Monday^ April 2d, next. 

The object of this circular is to have 
those of us, who are not members of 
unions, to meet and take .such action as 
will help the movement. For that pur- 
pose, we, the undersigned, have engaged 
Arch Hall, jgj Ontario street, oppo- 
site the market house, for every Saturday 
evening, from February ijth up to 
March jrst. 

It has been the rule, during the regular 
building seasons, for the carpenters of 
Cleveland to demand 25 cents an hour 
for their services; the custom has pre- 
vailed so long that it has become just the 
same as any other fixed habit that you 
may liave. 

The opportunity is now at hand to drop 
it, and on April 2d, adopt the habit of 
demafiding and getting $2.80 per 8-hour 

The plumbers of Cleveland got together 
two years ago and acquired the habit 
right away of getting $3.00 per day, and 
will demand $3.50 this spring. The 
bricklayers have been so long in the 
habit of getting $3.50 and $4.00 per day 
that nobody expects them to work for 
less. The carpenters of New York, 
Chicago, St. Uouis, Philadelphia, Boston, 
Omaha and other places are getting well 
settled in their habits of getting from 
$3.50 to $4.00 per day. In the past when 
you have asked for an increase in wages, 
the builders set up the claim that to 
grant it would deter many people from 
building, and yet the year 1899 was the 
greatest one in the building line of any 
other in the history of Cleveland, despite 
the fact that the cost of the materials used 
in the construction of buildings was from 
25 to 125 per cent, higher than ever 

If we show by our action that we want 
the increase, we will get it, and the effect 
of it will be to increase the amount of 
building to be done this year, for as our 
ultimate aim is to get $4.00 per day, the 
fact that we succeed in getting $2.80 this 
year will be a notification to the public 
at large, that we will be in a position to 
gradually raise it and within a few seasons 
establish the $4.00 rate. So instead of 
deterring any, it wiU cause some to build 
this year who otherwise would not. 

You have, too long, borne the white 
man’s burden ! You are engaged in a that requires the highest kind of 
skill I You have spent years to acquire 
a knowledge of it ! You have to furnish 
and maintain an expensive kit of tools, 
yet the wage you receive does not 
properly provide yourself and family with 
the necessaries of life, even during the 
time that you are employed, and deduct 
ing the time last on account af rain, legal 
holidays, looking for work etc., and the 
idle months during the winter, you work 
on an average of .seven or eight months a 
year only. And besides the nature of the 
work makes you subject to accident and 

Nothing is gained in this world without 
effort. If you are a union man attend 
your meetings from nowon, until April. 
If you are not a member attend öwr meet- 
ings. A large attendance will be a noti- 
fication to the builders that we mean 
business, and they will figure accordingly. 
Come, and come prepared with words of 
encouragement for the weak and timid 
among us, for as poverty, above all else, 
does more to make cowards of men, and 
it being a characteristic trait of the aver- 
age carpenter to be poor, it is plain to 
see why he is so backward in asserting 
his rights, A copy of this has been sent 
to every journeyman carpenter in Cleve- 
^ land and suburbs, but the success of tliis 
movement depends on you / You owe it 
to yourself and family to take part in it. 
It will put you in a position to take your 
weak and delicate children out of the 
shops and factories and place them in 
school where they should be. Your wife 
^ will no longer be compelled to wash and 
scrub for the neighbors. 3'he clothes 
tliat you now wear you can put in the 
rag-bag, where they should have been 
years ago. You will not be compelled, 
during the dull seasons, to do odd jobs for 
little or nothing, or work for your land- 
lord at a dollar a day rate, to meet the 
rent of the miserable tenement you now 
occupy. You can look forward to having a 
place of your own . If, after tlie trouble and 
expense that has been incurred to bring 
about this opportunity for united action, 
you fail to act in the matter, how can it 
be expected that such an opportunity will 
ever occur again ? 

Thomas Dotan, 

Atbert Uareaux, 

John Mieter, 

Adotph Wernkie, 
and others. 

’Twould Be Better for It. 

If men would act the play of life, 

And fewer spoil it in rehearsal ; 

If bigotry would sheath its knife, 

Till good became more universal; 

If custom, grey with ages grown. 

Had fewer blind men to adore it. 

If talent shone 
In trutli alone, 

If more relied 
On love to guide, 

If right.made might 
In every fight. 

The world would be the better for it. 

M. H. C. 

The Rochdale Pioneers. 

Fifty-five years ago, twenty eight 
workmen in Rochdale, Uancashsire, 
England, having saved up ;^28 ($140) 
between them, began to run a store on 
the principle of dividing profits on the 
amount of purchases, and making all 
purchasers share holders, with a fixed 
interest on their capital, men are 
known in the history of co-operation in 
England as “ the Rochdale Pioneers,” and 
the principles they laid down have become 
the chief corner-stone and the foundation 
of all the organizations of workingmen 
co-operators, which in the year 1 898 num- 
bered nearly 2,000,000 members, did an 
aggregate business in Great Britain of 
over $300,000,000 with a share capital of 
$90,000,000, made a profit of $30,000,000, 
and own $48,000,000 of invested money. — 
Boston Transcript. 

• The trade union movement, from time 
immemorial, has devoted its largest efforts 
towards obtaining humanizing results for 
all. It has not sought to destroy, but to 
build up manhooil, character and the 
highest attainable conditions of society. 
That it has not made fa.ster progress is 
not due to us who have done our duty to 
our fellowmen, but to those who have 
failed to ally themselves with the noble 
cause, — uompers. 

Labor News of the World. 

The British House of Commons has by 
a vote of 199 to 175 rejected the second 
reading of a private member’s bill lim- 
iting the time of labor of underground 
miners to eight hours daily. 

San Francisco trade unionists will 
shortly hold a conference to discuss plans 
for the construction of a labor temple. 

Emptoyes, numbering 450, in the 
Waterbur}’ Clock Factories, Waterbury, 
Conn., are on strike for higher wages. 

A BEAUTIFUT picture, ” The Triumph 
of Truth,” w'as recently presented to 
Zola, the chief agitator for the re-open- 
ing of the Dreyfus case, by the labor 
organizations of Paris. 

A STRIKE has occurred among the 
workmen on the military road in Puerto 
Rico for an advance in wages from 40 
cents to 50 cents a day. Six hundred 
men have left work. 


United States Consut Hitt, Am- 
sterdam, has transmitted an appeal for 
aid for the 3,000 diamond workers who 
are out of work on account of the South 
African war. 

-» » »«« - 

A STRIKE at the Montreal Cotton Com- 
pany’s mill, at Valley Field, Quebec, by 
which 2,000 operatives were affected, has 
been .settled, the men getting an advance 
of 5 per cent. 

King Henry III in 1259 granted a 
privilege to certain parties to mine coal 
at New Castle, England. 

- » » >«« - 

Buitding operations at St. Paul, Minn., 
during the last year cost nearly $1 ,000,- 
000 more than the average yearly expend- 
iture for such purposes. 

Sixteen miners have been killed by an 
explosion in a coal pit at Besseges, 
France. The galleries of the mine col- 
lapsed, burying the l>odies of the vic- 

- »» <c « 

A BITT against the indiscriminate use 
of injunctions, which is backed by the 
American Federation of Labor, is now 
before Congress. It is being declared 
unconstitutional already by corporation 

The Coremakers have won their strike 
against the founders of Cleveland. The 
men wil receive $2.50 a day. Other con- 
cessions were granted the strikers. 

3. HERE are several thousand cabmen 
on strike in Naples, Italy, because auto- 
mobiles are being introduced into the 

-»» > « « 

The legality of the Minnesota license 
law for barbers has once more been estab- 
lished by a recent decision of the Supreme 
Court in that state. 

The big printers’ fight in Pittsburg, 
Kansas City and New York are still in NeiÜier .side has offered to 
compromise thus far. 

Another law has been declared con- 
stitutional. This time it is the California 
law which requires corporations to pav 
wages at lea,st monthly. 

Street railway employees of Troy, 
N. Y., found it necessary to take an 
eight-day vacation, .so as to gain the rec- 
ognition of their union by their em- 
ployers, and an increase of wages and 
free transportation. 

Locat Union 33, Boston, Mass., re- 
ports the expulsion of Isaac Holt for vio- 
lation of Section 1 1 2 of the Constitution. 

Locat Union 366, Mena, Ark., has 
expelled George T. McCravy, for vio- 
lating his obligation as a member in 
employing non-union men and scabs. 

Frederick Witbkr has been ex- 
pelled by Local Union 288, Homestead, 
Pa., for misappropriating money be- 
longing to the Union. 

For embezzling the funds of the or- 
ganization, E. Destremps lias been ex- 
pelled by Local Union 707, New York, 
N. Y. 

William J. Franklin expelled for mis- 
appropriating the funds of Local Union 
659, Albany, N. Y. 

Places Where Work is Dull. 

Owing to local trade movements, sus- 
pen.sion of building operations and other 
causes, carpenters and joiners are re- 
que.sted to stay away from the following 
places : 

Birmingham, Ala. ; Colorado Spring^^» 
Col. ; Cripple Creek, Col. ; Denver, Col. ', 
Victor, Col. ; Bloomington, 111. ; Canton, 
111. ; Lincoln, 111. ; Alpena, Mich. ; Minn- 
eapolis, Minn.; Kansas City, Mo.; St 
Louis, Mo.; Butte, Mont.; Helena, Mont; 
Omaha, Neb. ; New Orange, N. J. ; Buf- 
falo, N. Y.; Oklahoma City, O. T.; Scran- 
ton, Pa.; Taylor, Pa.; Seattle, Wash. i 
Cleburne, Tex.; Los Angeles, Cal.; Ashe- 
ville, N. C. ; Cedar Rapids, la. ; Charles- 
ton, S. C.; Wilkes-Barre, Pa. ; Savannah, 
Ga. ; Corsicana, Tex. ; Pueblo, Col.; lola» 
Kan. ; Philadelphia, Pa. ; Chicago, iB** 
Mobile, Ala.; Salt Lake City, Utali ; Lim^’ 
O. ; Austin, Tex. ; the Upper Peninsula 
of Michigan ; Binghamton, N. Y. ; New- 
ton, Mass.; Lawrence, Mass.; Joplin, Mod 
Columbus, Ga.; Quincy, 111.; Kenosha, 
Wis. ; Southern California. 

Household Run on Trades Union 

Mrs. Emmons Blaine, daughter of MC' 
Connick, the reaper king, a part of whose 
fortune she inherited, and daughter-iu' 
law of James G. Blaine, has astonished 
Chicago by establishing union labor reg- 
ulations in her home on the North Sid^* 

Mrs. Blaine’s servants — cooks, butlera, ^ 
chambermaids, dining room girls, gard- 
eners, grooms, coachmen and all-^uoW 
work in eight-hour shifts. At 6 o’clock 
in the morning one shift reports for 
duty and continues at work until 2 o’clock 
in the afternoon, when each employee 
relieved by another shift, which remaiua 
on duty until 10 o’clock at night. 

If social or other affairs make it neces- 
sary to keep the second shift at work 
after 10 o’clock, adequate recompense rs 
given them for the “overtime.” 
days ago Mrs. Blaine inaugurated tli^ 
system, and its workings so far have coU 
vinced mi.stress and servants that it ^ 

So pleased is Mrs. Blaine with the 
that she has sugge.sted to several frieud'j 
that they adopt it. She has advance 
the argument and the belief that if otk^^ 
classes of labor are conceded the righl 1^ 
an eight-hour day, household servant» 
should be as well treated. The scheme r*» 
said to have been suggested to her 
Professor Patrick <3eddes, of Edinburgh» 
who is an intimate friend of the famBy* 


^ßvels, Splays and Hopper Cuts. — X. 


N' these papers I have pretty nearly 
covered the whole ground of 
bevels, splays and hopper cuts, 
and with this chapter I close the 
- subject, at least for the present, 
before concluding, it may be well to 
^§ain refer to some of the work gone 
and to point out the central idea or 
Pnnciple on which all lines or cuts for 
ating or hopper work is based. This, T 
Bnk, I have shown quite clearly in Fig. 
i » page 4, October number of Carpenter 
^^ 5 year. In this .scheme, together 
the explanation thereof, the whole 
®ory of hopper lines and bevels is fully 
^^^^^pbfied, and I would advise the stu- 
^Bt to draw and I'edraw the diagram 
^^re shown, studying every line and the 
^■^Aation of one line to another, until the 
scheme is well fixed in the niem- 
and as well understo(xl, and ever 
? he need never trouble himself about 
*^'Bg able to build any kind of a hopper, 
*Batter what its shape or its inclina- 
^Bn, or whether it is to be put together 
"'^th mitered joints or to be butted. 

^ connection with this subject, I beg 
Y Call the attention of my readers to Figs. 

7, page 14, July, 1899, number of 
^-^Hpenter. The s«ame principles of ob- 
^^iBing the necessary bevels for hoppers 
^ ^ particular kind will be found in- 
^'^cd, as in Fig. 21, only with a few 
details which were necessary to 
particular case. Reference to 
diagrams and a study of the text in 
Bnection, will relieve me from repro- 
Bcing the cuts at this point. 


problem I am now about to pre- 

sent • Lu pic:- 

^ IS one that when thoroughly grasped 

out^^^ will enable him to lay 

the lines for every conceivable cut 
5 j j iB tapered framing, paneling or 
work of any kind when angles 
^ thrown out of s<iuare. It is intended 
j^jj^^^P^^Bient Fig. 21 before referred to, 
enl * connection with it, will 

j- the views of the workman as re- 
^ s bevels and splays, and will help him 
crially to better understand the earlier 
cred'^*” To Peter Nicholson is due the 
in meth(xl of solution, but, as 

®ther things, the master hand of 
Robert Riddell improved and 
't and clothed it in language 
understood by the American work- 

supix>se the Hue A, D, at Kig. A, 
iij ^.^^ven base line on which a slant- 
hopper or box rises at any 
the base line, as C, B, and the 
r the work is represented by 

^en'^^ H. By this diagram it will be 
of^ ^^^t the horizontal lines or bevels 
sides are indicated by the 


^®t this diagram, which, of 
Bot drawn to scale, well in 
j ground plan of the hopper may 
in such a shape as desired, 
of course, having the 
Kiven in Fig. A. 

to Q ‘"»et off the width of sides equal 
%w’ ^ shown in Fig. A. These are 

'«tersect at P, T, aljove; then 
they tlirough 2, 3, untill 

at C, as the dotted lines 
the f ^ centre, and with 

\ ajiH describe the semicircle A, 

to ^ 'y^t.h the same radius transferred 
A, describe the arc A, B, 




Again, with the same radiu 

the ^ A, B, A, B, on Fig. B, cuttii 
■ at B, as shown. No> 

S J^gbt, parall 

cutting at J, and F; square ov 
J» K, and join H, C; this giv 
» as the cut for face of sides whi( 

come together at the angle shown at 3. 
The mitres on the edge of stuff are par- 
allel with the dotted line ly, 3. This is 
the acute corner of the hopper, and as 
the edges are worked off to the bevel 2, 
as shown in Fig. A, the mitre must be 


Having mastered the details of the 
acute corner, the square corner at S, will 
be next in order. The first step is to 
join K, V, which gives the bevel Y, for 
the cut on the face of sides on the ends 
which form the .square corners. The 
method of obtaining lines is the 
same as that explained for obtaining 
them for the acute angled corner as 
shown by the dotted lines. As the angles 
S, T, are both .square, being right and left, 
the same operation answers both ; that is, 
the beyel Y, does for both corners. 

In this problem, like Fig. 21 , referred to 
above, every line necessary to the cutting 
of a hopper after the plan as .show'ii by 
the boundary lines 2, 3, T, S, is com- 
plete and exhaustive, but it must be 
understood that in actual work the 
.spreading out of the sides as here ex- 
hibited will not be uece.ssary% as the 
angles will find theiiLselves when the 
work is put together. When the plan of 
the base — which is the .small end of the 
hopper in this case — is given, and the 
slant or inclination of the .sides known, 
the rest may ea.sily be obtained. In order 
to become thoroughly conversant with 
the problem, I would advdse the reader — 
as has often been before advi.sed by 
teacher.s — it would be w^ell to have the 
drawing made on cardboard, so that by 
cutting out all the outer lines, including 
the open corners which form the mitres, 
leaving the whole piece loose. Then 
make slight cuts in the back of the card- 
board, opposite the lines 2, 3, S, T, 
deep enough to admit of the cardboard 
being bent upwards on the cut lines 
without breaking. Then run the knife 
along the lines w'hich indicate the edges 
of the hopper sides. This cut be 
made on the face side of the drawing, so 
as to admit of the edges being turned 
downwards. After all the cuts are made, 

Coming to the angle l\ 2, we 
riraw a line B. E, on the left, parallel with 
A, 2, cutting at E, as shown by dotted 
line. Square over at E, cutting T, A, 2, at 
N; join N, C, which will give the bevel 
W, which is the angle of cut for face of 
sides. The mitres on edges are found 
l>y drawing a line parallel with P, 2. 

raise the sides until the corners come 
closely together and let the edges fall 
level, or in such a po.sition that the mitres 
come closely togetlier. If the lines liave 
been drawn accurately and the cuts made 
on the lines in a proper manner, the 
work will adjust itself nicely, and the 
sides will have the exact inclination 

shown at Fig. A, and a perfect model of 
the work will be the result. 

This is a very intere.sting problem, and 
the working out of it as .suggested, 
cannot but afford both profit and plea.s- 
ure to the young workman, upon wdioin 
I urge the necessity of putting into actual 
practice, eitlier wfith cardboard or other 
material, many of the problems on this 
subject I have introduced in these paper.s. 
Simply reading Thp: Carpenter and 
cursorily looking over the diagram:; w’ill 
not do; ,to be of service, the articles pub- 
lished in your own paper must be read 
carefully and the diagrams studied assid- 
uou.sly and wfith intent to ma.ster all the 
details connected therewith. It must 
always be borne in mind that even with 
the among us, the road to in any department is always beset 
with diOiculties, and the old adage that 
“ There is no royal road to learning,” 
holds as good to-day as when first coined. 
The .series of excellent articles now' run- 
ning through The Carpp:nter, fur- 
nished by the pens of Mr. Morris Wil- 
liams, Owen B. McGinnis and A. W. 
Wootls, contain sufficient material of fine 
quality to equip anj^ man for the battle 
of life in his allotted field as a knight of 
the .saw and the plane. 

Before leaving the .subject of ‘‘Bevels, 
Splays and Hoppers,” I to call the 
attention of my readers to P'igs. 9 and 10, 
in order that they may get a clear under- 
.standing of the manner of getting the 
bevels for corner posts for hoppers. The 
methods of determining the proper bevels 
and angles for those posts are set forth at 
considerable length in the text and draw- 
ings, and w'hat I desire to show is that 
the corner post of a hopper is exactly, in 
miniature, .similar to the comer post of a 
frame building having a double inclina- 
tion ; or, in other words, a tapered build - 
ing, with the exception that a hopper 
has its smallest area as a base, while a 
tapered building, a pyramid, has its largest 
area as a base. 

Now, it must be evident that the lines 
giving the proper angles and bevels for 
the corner post of a hopper must of 
necessity give the proper lines for the 
corner post for a pyramidal building, 
such as a railway tank frame, or any 
similar .structure. True, the position of 
the post is inverted, as in the hopper its 
top falls outward, while in the timber 
structure the top inclines inward; but 
this makes no difference in the theory, 
all the operator has to bear in mind is 
that the hopper in this case is reversed. 
Once the proper shape of the corner 
post has been obtained, all other bevels 
can readily be found, as the side cuts for 
joists and braces can be taken from them. 
A study of these two figures in this direc- 
tion wdll lead the student up to a correct 
knowledge of tapered framing. 

I leave the subject of splays and bevels 
here, but, I may add, that 1 have not, by 
any means, shown all the ways and 
means of finding .solutions of the prob- 
lems presented, but I am persuaded the 
examples I have .set forth are the best 
suited for the w'orkmen of this country 
because of their simplicity, and of the 
manner in which they have been laid 
dcA\’ii. I think every pos.sible kind of 
hopj>er and splay have been touched 
upon, and, if not, I am .sure tlie rules 
given will enable any workman who has 
followed me closely to deal with the diffi 
culty successfully. 

Ten thousand carpenters have gone on 
strike in Berlin for shorter hours and in- 
crea.sed wages. The .strike committee 
claims tliat the organization is so com- 
plete, and that .such a sum of money is in 
hand, that the employers will be com- 
pelled to grant the demands. 




United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America^ 

Published Monthly on the Fifteenth of each month 

Lippincott Buildingt 46 N* Twelfth Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa* 

P. J. McGUIRE, Editor and Publisher. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia. Pa., as 
second-class matter. 

Subscription Price:— Fifty cents a year. In ad- 
vance. postpaid. 

Address ail letters and money to 

P. J. McGuire. 

Box 884, Philadelphia. Pa. 


Heed this Appeal From Chicago. 

The subjoined appeal has been endorsed 
by the General Office and merits the 
attention and liberal support of all our 
Local Unions. It has been mailed them 
by the Carpenters’ District Council of theU . 
B., in Chicago. Our Local Unions should 
be generous in their response to this 
appeal, as a great deal is at stake for 
Organized labor in this struggle. 

Chicago, March 10, 1900. 

To the Officers and Members of Local 

Unions of United Brotherhood of Car- 
penters and foiners of America : 

Greeting : 

On February 3rd our members were 
notified on their jobs, by members of the 
Contractors’ Association, that unless they 
were willing to comply with certain rules 
laid down by them (which was in strict 
violation of an agreement signed with 
us until April 1, 1900) their services 
would be no longer required. One of 
these rules is to deprive us of our Satur- 
day half-holiday, which we have attained 
after several years of hard fighting, and 
consistent agitation, and for which we 
receive no compensation. On the refusal 
of our men to work on Saturday after- 
noon, they were paid off^ and told that 
their services were no longer required, 
and they have been compelled to remain 
idle ever since. 

The Contractors’ Association, acting in 
conjunction with the Association of Archi- 
tects and the Real Estate Board, have 
succeed in (stopping the issuing of nearly 
all permits for new buildings, thereby 
crippling the industry almost entirely, 
and forcing a large majority of our mem- 
bers on the street. After exhausting our 
treasuries in an endeavor to make a 
settlement, and being so far unsuccess- 
ful, and believing that you recognize the 
hard task we have on hand in enforcing 
our Union conditions, we earnestly appeal 
to you for your financial as well as moral 
assistance, in this, our hour of need. We 
also desire to correct the statement as 
published in The Carpenter regarding 
the financial condition of our members 
and our unions. The fact is the unions 
have but very little money, and most of 
our members are broke. We have been 
so liberal with our money in the past 
(aiding outside trade movements), that 
now we are in trouble, we find ourselves 
compelled, for the first time in our his- 
tory, to ask for outside aid to enable us 
to ynn a fight, the success of which will 
act as a forerunner in all trade movements 
coming up during the present year. 


Hoping to receive an early and favorable 
reply, we remain. 

Fraternally yours, 

O. E. Woodbury, 
Thomas Neaee, 

W. G. Schardt, 

P. Jensen, 

J. H. Stevens, 

J. G. Ogden, 
Executive Committee. 

P. S. — Please make all moneys payable 
to Thomas Neale, Secretary-Treasurer, 
Room 7, 187 East Washington Street, 
Chicago, 111.^ 

Editorial Note. — The reference in 
above circular made to the statement 
published in last month’s Carpenter is 
erroneous. No mention of the financial 
condition of our Chicago unions was 
made in that statement as will be seen on 
further perusal. Mention was simply 
made tliat individual members had pre- 
pared financially for this tie-up. That 
statement came to us in a news clipping 
sent us by officers of the Chicago Dis- 
trict Council. There is little use now, 
however, for dispute on that score. The 
Chicago men need help, are worthy of it 
and should have it. 

Sonnet to March. 

Ah March ! what meanest thou, I’d like to know, 
That thou e’re cold and blustering shouldst be? 
There seems to be no kindly thought in thee; 
The dismal winds at thy approach will blow. 
And keep on blowing until thou shalt go; 

That we sweet April’s smiling face may see, 

And from thy cold, unpleasant winds be free, 
While nature’s flowei-s soon begin to grow, 

Thou art of all the months the most unkind. 

And givest us so few bright, pleasant days. 

No one for anything e’er gives thee praise ; 

Mars, war, will seem the only thought in mind. 
For thou dost none of nature’s beauties find : 
Destructive seem to be all of thy ways. 

Martha Shepard Lippincott. 

Examples for Reflection. 


NE of the most notable and 
fairest of historians was 
Edward Gibbon, who first 
appeared upon the surface 
early in the eighteenth 
century; tobe more exact, 1737. He was 
born at Putney, England, and died at 
London in 1794. 

His essays and historical writings were 
numerous, extending over a large .space 
of time, exhibiting botli in English and 
French, much industry of research and a 
versatility of thought and expression 
seldom displayed by other contemporan’ 
writers, bringing him almost constantly 
into controversial contention with the 
brightest minds, theological and secular, 
of his day. 

His greatest work was the “ Decline 
and Fall of the Roman Empire,” and it 
is w4th some of the sentiments therein 
expressed that it is desired herein to 
refer, as subject of thought for reflection 
in the present attitude of our own con- 

He places the number of subjects who 
acknowledged the laws of Rome, in the 
year 50 A. D., including citizens, pro- 
vincials and slaves at 120,000,000, and 
succinctly follows throughout the .suc- 
ceeding centuries the and events 
which brought about the decay and decline 
of the empire, to the time of the middle 
of the eighteenth century, which was as 
far as time and events would admit of at 
his disposal. 

In this he begins with the artful 
policy of the Ccesars, who maintained the 
name and image of a free Republic; the 
disorders of military desjxitisni; the rise, 
establishment and sects of Christianity; the 

foundation of Constantinople; the division 
of the monarchy; inva.sion and settle- 
ment of the barbarians of Germany and 
Scythia; the institution of civil law'; the 
character and religion of Moliammed; the 
temporal sovereignty of the Popes; the 
decay of the Western Empire of Charle- 
magne; the ruin of the Greek Empire; 
the state and revolutions of Rome in the 
middle ages. 

What confronts us in this age is one 
that demands the serious consideration of 
the humblest among the masses. In 
every phase of decline pictured by Gibbon, 
as well as all historians, the fact cannot 
be concealed that force has exercised its 
rule over w’eakiiess — might over right — 
from the earliest ages of history of which 
we have any record. In all gradations of 
measurement by wdiich we may trace the 
fall and decline of nations, we find the 
powder of might crushing out with relent- 
less cruelty the efforts of the weak, not 
only in the enjoyment of the trivial liberty 
to common rights, but even the deprive- 
ment of life itself. In the separation 
and division of peoples which come out 
of this disruption of a great empire, .some 
resemblance of claim to superiority of rule 
was necessary to the great of ignor- 
ance to be brought under subjection. 
The one most powerful and successful of 
these was the claim of “divine right.” 
There is no apology, explanation or evi- 
dence as to the truth or justice of the 
fallacy; it was set up and .still maintained 
by Prote.stant and Catholic alike; by Goth 
and Gallic; by Turk and Hindoo; by 
Ru.ssian and Slav; by Swede and Nor- 
wegian. It is not only claimed as of the 
same God, but is held and maintained 
under as many forms and features as its 
usurpers as.sume to create gods in im- 
mediate convenience for their own par- 
ticular purpose. King, Emperor, Sultan 
or Monarch, it is all the same; and under 
any one of the conditions under which it 
exi.sts, even the “divine right” power 
does not seem to be sufficient for its main- 
tenance, without an absolute exercise of 
“force,” ba.sed upon the strong arm of a 
military contingent. It has pa.ssed through 
the centuries of its establi.shment by the 
claim of heredity, and it is of this feature 
in w'hich it is desired to give the view of 
Gibbon, born, reared and educated under 
inonajrchial instincts. Says Gibbon: 

“ Of the various forms of government 
which liave prevailed in the world, an 
hereditary monarchy .seems to present 
the scope for ridicule. Is it pos- 
sible to relate without an indignant smile 
that on a father’s decease the property of 
a nation, like that of a drove of oxen, 
descend to his infant .son, as yet unknown 
to mankind and to himself; and, the 
bravest warriors and the wisest statesmen 
relinqui.shing their natural rights to 
empire, approach the royal cradle with 
bended knees and prote.stations of inviol- 
able fidelity? ” 

But even Gibbon was not clearly in 
favor of a universal suffrage in the selec- 
tion of a ruler. He died in 1794, too early 
to have witnessed the development and 
demonstration of a people being fit to 
govern themselves; and besides he had not 
clearly rid himself of his earlier intui- 
tion as to a certain quality to be possessed 
by a ruling power. Still he was correct 
in one of his estimates of danger threaten- 
ing in the exercise of franchise, and it is 
to this particular pliase of his expression 
particular attention is called to the labor- 
ing masses — the force of the military 
power. He .says : 

“In the cool .shade of retirement, we 
may easily devise imaginary forms of 
government in which the .sceptre .sliall 
be constantly bestowed on the most 
worthy by the free and incorrupt 
.suffrage of the whole community. 
Experience overturns these airy fabrics 

and teaches us that in a large .society 
the election of a monarch can never 
devolve to the or the 
numerous part of the people. The 
is the only order of men .sufficiently 
united to concur in the .same .sentiments, 
and powerful enough to 
upon the rest of the fellow-citizens; 
the temper of the .soldiers, habituated at 
once to violence and .slavery, renders then* 
unfit guardians of a legal or even a civil 
constitution. Justice, humanity or politi- 
cal wisdom are qualities they are too littk 
acquainted with in themselves to apprc^|' 
§te them in others. Valor will acquire tlieit 
e.steem and liberality will tb^|^ 
suffrage, but the first of these merits i*’ 
often lodged in the most .savage breasts, 
and the latter can only exert itself agaiii^l 
the possessor of the throne by the ambi' 
tion of a daring rival.” 

The writer does not want to be coH- 
.sidered as an alarmist. There is notlmt? 

in the present which produces cause 


alarm. And yet the pos.sibilities of the 
future are manifold, and there can be n® 
harm come from mild con lecture. Clnß 
is .sometimes delicate about entering m*' 
a placid discus.sioii of conditions au 
possibilities. Partisan .spirit and syiii' 
pathy is so firmly imbedded in some breasts 
that the strongest truth in the way ^ 
light is often mistaken for interference 
with staunchly intrenched belief nn 

opinion. . 

But if there is anything that the wor 
ing ma.sses of our people should do, 
should be to think seriously upon tb^ 
possibilities that may arise from present 
and prospective conditions. There 
vastly more conservatism in the minds 0 ^ 
working people of to-day than of those 
a decade ago. They give matters nn 
incidents occurring, more thought, 
consideration; are not so easily led asti^^) 
nor so hasty to jump at conclusions, 
is not of a spirit of arrogance or of di^^ 
tation that they are herein advised, if 
implored, to think earnestly and serious y 
of what they should do for the welfare ^ 
themselves and those who are to ml 
them. It is not even hinted by iuiplical^^^ 
that there is a notion of impending ^ 
aster. To the trade unionist, advancing“' ' 
by day in intelligence and enlightening 
it becomes a solemn duty to give 



and reflection to, present and coin 
events. He should feel happy and 
in the benefits already enjoyed, and g^ 
with never-sleeping vigilance every ^ ^ 
guard to his present jio.ssessions 
belongings. Not in a partisan .sense, 
in an economical political .sense. 
should compare notes; notes on wlmt 
occurred in all ages; notes on ^ 

is occurring to-day, and notes on 


may poasibly occur in the event 

of coll' 

ditions changing one way or aiio 


If there is one impression that 
sliadow of arrogance in the mind o 
writer more tlian another it is Ibat 
spirit and faith in trades unionism 
stronger in belialf of and for the 
of common humanity than any 

doctrine, theory or i.sin conceived b> 

mind of man. 


Look into things as they 
following re.sults, weigh well by 
parison; study i>os.sibilities ^ 

probabilities; be true to your own 
and who may be affecte<l by . 
action. “ Act well your j)art, ibe 
the honor lie.s.” 

^ • ' tivel'* 

Really we are not represeiita 

governed, and the majority does no 
Representative legi.slation and {$ 

ment are a fiction, as far as our . gjjs, 
concerned. The majority of ourui 
not far from two-thirds at 
virtually<l, and we are 
the government of minorities; 
jority is without power to effect 
tion. — Herron. 

General Officers 

of the 

ffnited Brotherhood of Car- 
penters and Joiners 
of America. 

Office of general secretary: 
^‘ppincott Building, 46 N. Twelfth Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 


'V- D. HUBER. 95 Waverly St. Yonkers. N. Y. 

general secretary-treasurer. 

j- McGuire. P. O. Box 884. Philadelphia. Pa. 


''^ILLIAM BAUER. a6io W. Polk St. Chicago III. 


JVILLIAM a. ROSSLEY. 5 city View Avenue, 
'^°fcester. Mass. 

General Executive Board. 

iMl correspondence for the G. E. B. must be mailed 
to the General Secretary-Treasurer.] 

James m. lane. 121 Edgecombe ave.. New York. 

J- R* MILLER, 2624 N. Taylor ave., St Louis. Mo. 

A. C. CATTERMULL, 1013 W. 86th st. Sta. P.. 

^^ED. C. WALZ, 247 Putnam st, Hartford, Conn. 

J. Williams, 170 miiis st., Atlanta, Ga. 

Initiative and Referendum. 

Hie refereiiduni. This is a constitu- 


provision designed to prevent the 

^^ctiiient of laws contrary to the interest 
the majority of the people. 

^ny one thinks a law passed by the 
^Sislature is had, he can, under the ref- 
ndiuii^ within a given time, .sign his 
^ ^0 to a petition asking tliat the law 
referred to the people. He then cir- 
tes the petition among his fellow- 
and if a certain number of the 




' sny one-twelfth, affix their names 
S^ostion is sent to the |X)lls at the 
election, and the majority of voters 
it by answer yes or no. 
lo referendum protects the citizens 
which the legislature 
But what is to be done 

if fv. enact, nm wnat is 10 uc uunc 

e people a law which the legis 
^re refuses to enact ? This difficulty 
*^et by 

Pj.^ ^dtiative. This is a constitutional 
*iat^^**^^** enabling the citizens to origi- 
If which they desire. 

Giie wants a new law, he gets it 
1 ^^^’ ^J'^ws up a petition asking for 
1 q^ circulates it among his fel- 

Vot If certain number of the 

to one-twelfth, affix their names 


the petition is sent to the legisla- 

bu, cannot alter the proposed 


's obliged to send the question 
t^^*^^<-'tinent to the polls at the next 
citizens then vote yes or 
referendum above described. 

. ] 

j "• — — — — - 

Htf,,, ^P^hI of had laws which failed to be 

ky the referendum when first 

tbft " '*^'tiative is of equal use in forcing 



^^^presenUitive sy.stem of govern- 
Htp^^j^y^^^lished by the founders of this 
Ui^ ^ Was a gotnl thing in its day and 
^orin possible at the time. Be- 
^luij^ ^ ***lroduction of steam, electricity 
^leveloped j)ost office it would 
kon ^*n|x>.ssihle to convey infonna- 

W^tti people as quickly and com- 
\r legislation recjuires. 

there an apparent need of 
^\\\ ^^^^^tion. The legi.slators liad 
for <li.shoiiesty because 
very evenly divided. They 
the .smartest men of their 

‘hsiricts, and it was plausibly 


%lcj a small Ixxly of .smart men 

liw kiHlte better laws than the multi- 



Black Diamond Files and Rasps | 

1 » 












Tools for Woodworkers 

We carry a foil line of 
first-class tools, of the 
standard makes, at fair 

jy^cFadden ^ompany 
733 Arch Street Philadelphia 

So long as the small body of smart men 
have no interests contrary to those of 
the people this may be true, but when 
their interests are different history .shows 
that they are apt to legislate for their own 
welfare, with slight regard to the welfare 
of their constituents. 

The fathers of the Republic never 
imagined that the time would come when 
by the rapid growlh of inventions the 
country would l)ecome studded with cor- 
porations, wiekling the greater part of 
the country’s wealth and hence able to 
buy up legi.slation to any extent and run 
the government in their own interests in 
direct violation of the interests of the 

To meet this new .state of things has 
arisen the class of professional politicians 
who consider their power so much pri- 
vate property to be sold for what it is 
worth. Our city governments are ad- 
mitted to be the most corrupt in the 
world, and our legislators are constantly 
.suspected of taking bribes. That a law 
in the interest of the people should be 
killed in the Senate is taken as a matter 
of course. 

To .such a condition lias our century of 
democratic government brought us, a 
condition which brings a blush to the 
cheeks of those who believe in govern- 
ment by the people, and a sneer to the 
lips of their opponents. 

But as the sea after a .storm finally 
comes to a level, .so democratic govern- 
ment is destined in the end to supersede 
all others. Democracy begins with the 
first appearance of the human race in the 
.savage tribe and, though often checked 
by temporary aggregation of power in 
the hands of individuals. con.stantly re- 
a.sserts itself, growing stronger with every 
age. Let us have one more reform. Put 
the power completely hack into the hands 
of the people, and we shall liave an ideal 
Republic .seemingly not capable of further 

In Switzerland direct legislation has 
been in use for 25 years and shows 
itself to be what Jefferson said of the New 
ICngland town meeting. “The wisest 
invention ever devised by the wit of man 
for the perfect exercise of self govern- 
ment and its preservation.” 

The legislature, instead of being a 
sovereign council, holding in itsliands the 
fortunes and happiness of the people to 
be disposed of according to its will, is 
reduced to a mere advi.sory committee 
whose business it is to draw up and 
discuss such laws as they consider bene- 
ficial, but who have no right to enact 
them except, when the silence of the 
people in not calling for the referendum 
gives consent. 

Knowing that the people will, if they 
choose, sit in judgment by means of the 
referendum upon the laws they enact and 
that if through ignorance a bail law is 
allowed to j>assit will speedily be repealed 
by means of the initiative, the legislators 
naturally become the .steady honest ser- 
vants of the people, di.scussing affairs 
with no other object than the people’s 

Corporations do not bribe them, for 
it would he u.seless. There is no “lobby.” 
Rings and bosses are unknown. The 
profession of politics is as dignified as 
other professions. 

During 17 years from 1874 to 1891 only 
27 federal laws out of 149 were challenged 
by the referendum in Switzerland. 

Iirthis country each party lias a long 
platfonn containing many issues. We 
have to .support measures which we do 
not approve for the sake of other measures 
which we want. In Switzerland each 
is.sue is ilecided seperately on its own 

merits. , , 

Each law is supportcl by a known 
niaiorily of the people and hence can 
always be enforced. In this country no 

one knows what laws have the approval 
of the majority. Under direct legislation 
violent reformers can do little mischief. 
They soon find out how many support 
them, and if they are in a minority con- 
tent them.selves with quietly educating 
their opponents. Direct legislation is 
thus both refonnative an<l conservative 
— reformative of all that is bad, conser- 
vative of all that is good. 

The Swiss feel themselves truly a 
sovereign people; not like Americans, 
who, having elected their de.spots for a 
given term, sneak home and submit, like 
the .slaves tliat they are, to be robbed of 
their eyeteeth by the “representatives” 
supix)sed to be guarding their interests. 

A Swiss who wants a new law' can liave 
it thoroughly discu.s.sed by the whole 
nation by simply .securing a fair minority 
in its favor. An American citizen who 
wants a new law can petition indeed, 
but the legislators, even if the petition 
contains thousands of names may atteml 
to it or not, as they please. If they 
deign to put the bill in the hands of a 
committee, the committee, under the 
influence of corporations may report un- 
favorably for years in the face of the arguments, as in Mas.sachiisetts 
in the case of the law allowing cities to 
manufacture their own gas. Then, even 
if the law is finally pas.sed by the legis- 
lature, it may be amended so as to be 
almost useless to the people. 

With the reality of power comes the 
feeling of resjx>nsibilty. The nation 
becomes one great parliament. Each 
citizen who expects to vote on a new 
measure gives it his keenest attention 
and tlius grows in intellect, stal^yity of 
cluiracter and public .spirit. In this 
country the ilifficulty, almost hopelessness 
of carrying reform laws against the in- 
terests of the great corporations and tlie 
jxiliticians tends to discourage the citizens 
from taking an active interest in public 

affairs and keeps them in the mental 
.state of children. 

It is the glory of our people that they 
have establi.shed a staple democracy over 
a wide extent of temtory, contrary to 
the expectations of the suppoilers of 
monarchy, who predicted its .speedy 
ilownfall, seeing that democracies had 
formerly succeeded only in small states. 
It is the glory of the Swiss to have estab- 
lished the most perfect democracy on the 
face of the earth, re.sulting in the most 
honest administration of government 
ever known. Let us adopt the im- 
provements .shown in Switzerland to be 
.so fruitful in good and have in America a 
democracy not only great, but pui'e. 

Arthur Hii.drrth. 


Love Thyself Last. 

I.ove thyself last. Look near, Iiehold thy duly 
To those who walk beside thee down life’s road; 
Make glad their days by little acts of beauty, 
And help them bear the burdens of earth’s load. 

I.ove thyself last. Look far, and find the stranger 
W'ho staggeiTi ’neath his sin and his dispair; 

C 5 o, lend a hand, and lead him out of danger. 

To heigh ths whei-e he may .see the world is fair. 

lyovc thyself last. The vastuess above thee 
Is filled with spirit forces, strong and pure; 

And fervently these faithful friends shall love 

Keep thou thy watch o’er others and endure. 

Love thyself last; and oh, such joy shall thrill 

As never yet to selfish soul was gi%*cu 
Whate'er thy lot, a i>erfect peace will fill thee ; 
And earth shall seem the ante-room of heaven. 

Love thyself last; and thou shall grow in spirit, 
To sec, to hear, to know and understand 
The message of the stars; lo, thou shall hear it; 
And all God’s joy shall be at thy command. 

I.ove thyself last. The world shall l>e make 

By thee, if this brief motto forms thy creed. 

Go, follow it in spirit and in letter; 

This is the true religion which meu need. 

^£Ua WhtMftmUox. 



Questions and Answers. 


the January Carpenter J. W. 
asks for information on how to 
lay out a veneer to bend around 
an arched doorway when the 
jambs are set on a flare. We 
herewith submit a common rule generalh’ 
used for work of this kind. 

The dimensions used are tliose given by 
Mr. J, W. The curve A-C must equal 
that of C-B in length. Further than 
this we trust the diagram is clear enough 
without further explanation. 

The diagram, of course, would necessi- 
tate being drawn full size, but after all, 
as Mr. W. lias his rough frame already 
made, why not take a soft thick piece of 
building paper, carefully bending it to the 
sliape of the splay, tacking in place if 
need be, scribe and trim, and he will 
have a good working pattern. 

Peter Douglass wants to know' the size 
and how many shinies does it really take 
to cover a square of^ 10 x lOrfeet. We be- 
lieve the standard shingle is recognized 
to be 4 X 16 inches on the face, and if laid 
4 inches to the weather it would take nine 
to the square foot or 900 to the square, 
but if placed 4)4 inches to the weather it 
will require 800. If placed 5 inches to 
the weather it will require 720. If placed 
5)4 inches to tlie weather is will require 

The above is given as the actual num- 
ber require<l. No allowance is made for 
doubling up or for waste caused by hips, 
valleys, etc. 

In estimating quantities at least 1-10 
should be added to the above figures. 

John R. w'ants a quick aiisw'er and a 
quick method of finding the curve and 
length of a hip rafter for a veranda. 







4 Run -> 

For him we submit a diagram as fol- 
lows : A-B represents tlie curve given the 
common rafter. 

Now lay off any number of lines par- 
allel with the seat from the rise to and 
beyond the curve A-B, as shown, and for 
each inch in length of these lines (be- 
tween rise and curve) add 5-12 of an inch 
to the same line to the left of the curve 
and check. After all lines have thus been 
measured, run an off-hand curve through 
the checks, and the curve will represent 
the corresponding hip at the centre of its' 

To find the bevel or backing of the hip 
to coincide with the plane of the common 
rafter, measure back on the parallel lines 

to the right of the curve one-half the thick- 
ness of the hip and draw another curve, 
which w'ill be the lines on the side to 
trim to from tlie centre of the back. A 
like amount must be added to the plumb 
cut to fit the corner of deck. Proceed 
in like manner for the octagon hip, but 
instead of adding 5-12 add 1-12 of an inch 
as above described. 

Jack Plane wants a design for an oval 
wniulow'. The .sketch we furnish is prob- 
ably as simple as any on that line, as the 
curves are parts of true circles; the dots 
indicate the centers. 

George Beck submits a rather difficult 
problem in the shape of a gothic carved 
head for a stone post, with eight spiral 
tapering ribs to the centre. To l>egin 
with, Mr. B. has not enough ribs to look 
well; as they must necessarily die out at 
the centre the change is too abrupt. We 
suggest that he use twelve or more. 

First shape the .stone as desired, and on 
it with the scribe parallel lines 
around the same and divide these lines 
into the number of ribs desired. 

Then begin at the centre and run an 
off-hand curve, as shown by the illustra- 

A little practice will enable the opera- 
tor to .shape the spiral as desired, though, 
pf course, much depends upon the eye 
for the beautiful. 

Trade unions in.stil a spirit of inde- 
pendence and solidarity into wagework- 
ers that could not otherwise be obtained. 
It enables them to unitedly execute a de- 
sire for more pay and shorter hours that 
it would be impos.sible to obtain if each 
acted independently of the other. They 
develop manly, fraternal regard, and 
make a reality of the old adage of “each 
for all and all for each .” — Southern Econ- 

This department is open for on r readers and 
members to discuss all phases of the labor 

Correspondents should write on one side of the 
paper only. 

Matter for publication must l>e in this office 
by the 25 th of the mouth previous to issue. 

The Line of Battle for iqoo. 

New York City, N. Y. 

Editor Carpenter: 

From present indications it looks as if 
the campaign for 1900 will be fought 
along the lines of 1896, with the same 
issues supplemented by those developed 
by the Spanish war. 

The same candidates will probably con- 
front each other, and the outcome of the 
struggle will leave things pretty much as 
they are present. While the business 
situation of the country is better than it 
has been, it is evi<lent that to have per- 
manent business prosperity there must be 
changes in our indu.strial system that will 
do away with the of the unemployed 
and by adopting the universal eight-hour 
day and the recognition of the right of 
the union to regulate hours and wages, 
do away with the friction that is con- 
.stantly developing between the people 
and the corporations, and damaging the interests of the country to the 
detriment of all. 

To better our industrial conditions it is 
necessary to build along the lines of or- 
ganized labor, as it is simply impossible 
to have peace and prosperity when we 
have two .systems totally opposed to each 
other regulating our iiuiustrial affairs. 

When Mr. Seward .some years ago 
said: “ We are in the midst of an irre- 
pressible conflict,” he referred to the 
conflict between freedom and slavery. 
We are certainly in the midst of the same 
conflict to-day, along .slightly different 
lines. The immense corporations tliat 
have grown up in recent years tliat prac- 
tically control the avenues are to wealth 
and our labor to-day, comparatively 
speaking, represent only a handful of 
men, but they anogate to themselves 
the right to control the hours and wages 
of millions of men. 

The dearest right the people have is to 
regulate their own industrial affairs, and 
say on what terms they will .sell their 
time and labor. 

This right is denied them by every cor- 
poration in the country to-ilay, and there 
certainly can be no peace until the 
people decide which and what is right. 
Mr. Lincoln once remarked: “This na- 
tion cannot exist half slave and half free. 
It will become all slave or all free.” So 
to-day. We cannot have two systems 
opposed to each other regulating our in- 
dustrial affairs. We have either the 
one or the other, and which one. It is 
for the people to decide. 

This is lalxirs’ opportunity to bring 
these i.ssues into the political arena where 
they belong, and a presidential campaign 
furnishes an opportunity for agitation 
and education that should not be allowed 
to go unimproved. 

A few men here and there in the build- 
ing trades have the hours and wages their 
unions demand, but we remember 
the battle is not for ourselves alone. As 
we survey the field and see others .strug- 
gling witli unjust conditions let us recog- 
nize that the highest duty we owe our- 
selves is to join hands with our fellows, 
to bring them to the level we ourselves 

l8 true freedom but to break 
Fetters from our own dear sake. 

And with heathen hearts forget 
That we owe mankind a debt. 

No true freedom is to share 
All the claims our brother wear. 

And with heart and hand to be, 

Ernest to make others free." 

Alexander Law. 

Who Is at Fault ? 

Denver, Colo. 

Editor Carpenter: 

In the January i.ssue of The C.\rpen- 
TER, there is quite a lengthy article by 
Sam L. Leffiingwell under the caption, 
“Keep out of Politics.” I quite agi'ee 
with the gentleman in the first part and 
also the last of his article, but there is a 
question, “Who is at Fault!” which he 
asks, but does not answer, unless w'e are 
to understand by his defense of the other 
fellows that we are the ones entirely at 
fault. In this I do not agree with him, 
neither do I understand how he can come 
to such a conclusion. 

He .starts out by saying: “ Not the suc- 
cessful ones, certainly. Not the ones 
who have conceived and carried to ac- 
complishment the schemes which have 
given them elevation to power and profit. 
Not who laugh to scorn the pit- 
iful pleadings of the oppres.sed for 
relief.” If are not at fault for 
]>roving false to their trust, pray who is ? 

Then he says that we .should “ seek the 
best man for our purpose, give him a fair 
trial. If he fails us, discard him, throw 
him out and try again.” 

Am I not at fault, if, being foreman of a 
job, I men working under me, who 
may have had in their families, or 
for some other cause it .seems nece.ssary to 
them that they work every day pos-^ 
.sible, and feel they cannot quit and risk 
finding another job when their families 
may be crying for l>read, am I not at 
fault if I lay mistakes which I make on 
the .shoulders of a fellow- workman ? 

Yes, I am at fault, if willingly in any 
way I pull (iown my brother man that I 
may climb higher, either .socially or 
financially. The world to-flay pays hom- 
age to the one who lias wealth. It does 
not, how did he get it, and what is he 
doing with it? If he possesses it, he is 
hailed king. Character and industry are 
set at naught. 

Money rules the world. 

Men who use a public position of 
to further their own .selfish ends, are at 
fault and traitors to their fellow-men. 
Were one to go out upon the highway 
and hold up a traveler, he would be called 
a robber, and if he were caught would be 
imprisoned. How is it when a capitalist 
starts an industry, gets around him some 
of the honest unfortunates, and when 
they cannot find work elsewhere and 
cannot move to some other locality, 
begins to cut down wages that may be 
just enough to keep s^ml and body to- 

Do you .say that it is not that em- 
ployer’s fault, even if the laws .shield him 
because he has influence? Yes, a thou- 
sand times yes, he is at fault. He is a 
traitor to his fellow-man and to the 
human race at large, and .so are the men 
elected to make laws for the people and, 
in.stead, make laws which permit such 
doings. They should be treated as crim- 
inals. The need of the hour is the 
brotherhood of man, character before 
dollars, iibstead of dollars whether there 
be character or not. 

There should be a law pa.ssed that 
would a.s.sist very materially in liastening 
this einl, in public places at, were it 
enforced, to wit: When a candidate is 

elected to public office tliat it be manda 
tory upon him to live up to the letter and 
.spirit of his obligation, and when he falls 
short of it or .sells out his constituency, 
and fails to serve them, tliat he .sliall be 
tried as a traitor to the public and the 
office declared vacant, and if he has 
feathered his nest all such dishonest gains 
sliall be confiscated and tunied to the 
public’s good. 

The Japanese proverb, “ Wlio steals 
gocnis, is called a thief, who .steals do- 



minions, a ruler,’* well illustrates the so- 
called justice as rendered in this age. 

Why should we not have some way to 
prevent men elected to office from giving 
away or selling below their true values, 
irrespective of the people’s wishes, public 
pro])erties or the use of public properties; 
or from making laws for a special few 
instead of for all the people? 

I believe that a public officer should be 
required to live up to his duties to the 
public, as I am, to perform my work as a 
mechanic. If I prove incompetent my 
place is filled by one more capable. If a 
public official fails to serve the people 
honestly and faithfully, then it is time 
that he were ousted from his position and 
an upright man put in his place. 

Reward faithfulness by continuance in 
service and punish di.shonesty wherever 
found, as the case may deserve. 

Local Union S3 - W. H. Tayi,or. 

The Cause of Existing Economic 

Nkw Casti^k, Pa. 

Editor Carpenter: 

I am profoundly glad to see that each 
month The Carpenter contains some 
“live” articles on or along lines that a 
few years ago could not, or would not, 
have been accorded space in any except 
the most radical journals. 

I have contended for .some years past 
that there was but one road leading to 
our real independence, and that that 
could only be found and traveled by the 
aid of education, not to learn the three 
R’s merely, but a more or less clear com- 
prehen.sion of political economy. 

That means that I also believe we must 
discuss all political questions, not as 
partisans, for that indicates blindness to 
principle, but from a broader standpoint 
as citizens of a common country; with 
the view of so adjusting our social system 
that every one who performs, or is willing 
to perform service to his fellow citizens, 
can truthfully say, our country. 

The Carpenter is becoming a factor 
along that line, and w'heu from time to 
time I read some of its articles before 
L/Ocal 20<) and then offer such comments 
as seem to me appropriate, the boys feel 
as though they had received a useful 

Quite a number of them have asked me 
to write a few thoughts for its columns 
and since they have elected me president 
for the third time by acclamation, I have 
concluded to outline to you my topic and 
ask if space can be granted it. 

1 propose to show that our present 
economic inequalities have their top 
roots in the prevalence of the Hamil- 
tonian ideas embodied in our Federal 

1 have never noticed the subject 
handled except very briefly on tliat line, 
and I believe that I can offer a few orig- 
inal ideas of more or less importance in 
that connection. 

I shall not indulge in personal flings nor 
undue radical expression, but hope to 
show by argument where the tiouble lies, 
hence by deduction as well as direct 
advice the way out. 

In these troublesome times, times that 
“/ry >nen*s souls j'* there is nothing so 
important as to get the average man to 
really think. And it must be done if we 
wish to avert anarchy; we must re- 
member the terror of an aroused, but 
ignorant people; and from an economical 
standpoint we, as a people, are not very 

Union 206 , J. W. Seayton. 

[We will be pleased to receive 

occasional contributions from Brother 
Slayton. — Ed.] 

The Next Step Toward Emancil)atioii. 

Our experience of the labor movement 
has conclusively proven that those trade 
unions having the highest dues and the 
most complete beneficial features have 
been best able to hold their membership 
in the most adverse times. It has also 
proven that such trade unions have at 
the same time been .successful in with- 
standing reduction of wages, in maintain- 
ing their trade rules most effectively, as 
well as in obtaining substantial improve- 
ments in all w’orking conditions. In view 
of this incontestible fact we conceive it 
to be our bounden duty to urgently re- 
commend our affiliated national unions 
and local unions connected therewith, to 
incorporate in their respective constitu- 
tions and by-laws provisions for the pay- 
ment of sufficient weekly or monthly 
dues, in order to have treasuries strong 
enough to sustain members in all cases of 
trade disputes, such as strikes and lock- 
outs, and to the following bene- 
fits: namely, sick benefits, funeral bene- 
fits, disability benefits and out-of-work 
benefits for umployed members. 

It is a regrettable fact that there is no 
subject to which the workers have given 
so little attention as the one of building 
up good treavsuries in the unions of their 
respective trades. In most cases, union 
organization has resulted from efforts 
upon the part of the employers to take 
advantage of their employes, or the work- 
ers encouraged by a revival in industry, 
liave sought to obtain some immediate 
improvement in their condition. 

Now, experience Ims shown that when 
our fellow workers are unorganized they 
have a peculiar faculty of underestimat- 
ing their own .strength, and exaggerating 
the power of the employer, while the first 
attempts at organization • by the workers 
usually create the very opposite state of 
affairs; that is, undere.stimating the power 
of the employers and overe.stimating that 
of themselves. I n the first attempt at or- 
ganization, the new recruits touch should- 
ers wdth their veteran brothers in union. 
.A new hope awakens in their hearts, and 
a new enthusiasm blossoms into existence. 
Then each one feels that each is a hero, 
self-sacrificing and willing to suffer until 
absolute victory has been secured. 

There is, however, a morrow to all such 
dreams; and a brief time demonstrates 
that it requires more than enthusiasm to 
win the victories incidental to the strug- 
gles of labor. But when the primary 
essential of success, a well-filled treasurj', 
is missing, then the most enthusiastic 
.soon find their ardor dampened and their 
declared devotion to the union a forgotten 
phrase; or, if remembered, it is with re- 
gret that they could not maintain it be- of the absence of those material 
means up>on which the bravest hearts and 
noblest souls must inevitably depend, be 
the cause ever so holy. 

We repeat tliat our experience of the 
labor movement demoiKstrates ever more 
clearly as the years roll on that unions 
of workers which have provided them- 
selves most sure with substantial trea.suries 
are those in which the members are more 
highly respected, whose wages reach the 
highest point, whose hours of labor are 
the lowest, whose conditions of employ- 
ment are the most reasonable, whose re- 
quests are more generally heeded, and 
who are required less often tlian other 
workers to resort to a .strike in order to 
obüiin the of a grievance, or the 
granting of some new concession. On 
the other liaud, it is none the less true 
tliat the workers unorganized, together 
with those organized, but who liave ne- 
glected the primary essential of which 
we have spoken, are those who are com- 
pelled to work the longest hours for the 
lowest wages, who are ibreed to labor 

(Conlinued on Page /j.) 

^ Besides tools for the workshop, Files of all ^ 
^ standard makes, Saws for wood and metal, ^ 
^ Hammers for the blacksmith. Hatchets for ^ 
^ the carpenter, we have many labor saving ^ 
^ appliances for family use. 3 

g See our Food Chopper % 

% It cuts Meat and Vegetables ^ 


I W. H. & G. W. ALLEN | 

^ 113 Market Street Philadelphia 3 


Sees & Faber 


2008-2010 North Front Street, 

^^^^“^Phlladelphla, Pa. 


Moulders, Bricklayers, Plasterers, Contractors, Plumbers, Carpenters, 
Cabinet and Pattern Makers, Loom Fixers and Machinists 


Sheet Gum, Packing, Gaskets, Gauge Gl3-sses, ^enkin’s Valves and 
l)isc.s, Pipe Stocks and Dies, Pipe Wrenches, Cutters, Vises, etc. 

Other Tools are very good Tools, but— 

“YANKEE” TOOLS are better. 


81ms ; 2, 3, 4, 6, 6, 8. 10, 12 Inches. 


Slim blade, with finger turn, for light work. SIses : 2, 8, 4, 5 Inches. 


Drives screws In by pushing handle, or by rstchet movement. Made in three sizes. 


Drlvei or takei oat screws by pushing on handle, or by ratchet movement. Can be used as 
rigid screw driver at any part of Its length. 


For drilling metals and all kinds of woods. Chock will bold drills 8-16 inch diameter or leas. 

YANKEE w automatic DRILL, No. 40. 

For boring wood for setting screws, brads, nails, etc., can be used in hard or soft wood with- 
out splitting. Pushing on handle revolves drill Each drill has 8 drill 
points in magazine inside handle as shown in cut below. 


Insist on “YANKEE” TOOLS 

Descriptive Circulars will be sent free by Manufacturers. 




This Department is open for criticism and 
correspondence from our readers on mechanical 
subjects in Carpentry, and ideas as to Craft 

Write on one side of the paper only. All 
articles shojil^ ^ signed. 

Matter for this Department must be iu this 
office by the 2T)th of ihe mouth. 

How to Make Whitewood Doors In 
Two Thicknesses of Stuff. 

From P. D. I,., Utica, N. Y.: 

Replying to C. P. W., Rast Saginaw, 
Mich.: Doors made of poplar in single 

thickness are very apt to warp and twist 
and get out of shape generally. The 
glueing together of two thicknesses is to 
prevent this, but both thicknesses should 
be taken from the one plank. A 2-inch 
plank should be split down the centre of 
its thickness, with a thin saw, and the 
two pieces should then be glued together 
with their ends reversed. By this 
method the tendency to warp or twist is 
‘counteracted, as the pieces strain in 
contrary directions. 

Shoring a Brick Building. 

From B. S., Buffalo, N. Y.: 

Will Mr. McGinnis, or some other cor- 
respondent who knows, kindly let me 
know if the diagram which I send (Fig. 1 ), 

Fig. I. 

shows the proper way to shore up a brick 
l>uilding. I contend it is not, although 
our foreman is having it done the way 
shown. The building is going to be 
underpinned, and I think the shoring is 

Design for Small Altar Wanted. 

From J. McD., Newburg, N. Y.: 

Will some kindly reader furnish me, 
through the columns of Thr Carpenter, 
a neat design for a small altar, about tliree 
feet high and proportionate width, with 
a few hints as to the best wood to use in 
its construction, etc., etc.? I would like 
it in the Gothic style, as it is for a small 
Catholic church in a country village. As 
there are many Catholic readers besides 
myself, who will be thankful for such a 
design, I am sure a compliance with my 
request will be fully appreciated. 

How to Get Profile of Cornice. 

From Robert La V., Duluth, Minn.: 

I have some rooms to cornice in which 
some of the angles are splayed as in the 
sketch I send (PMg. 2.). The angles at 
the ends of the rooms are square, but on 
the sides* the cornice will run iu the 
angle formed by the rafter and ceiling 

joists at A, A. What I want to know i® 
how to get the profile of the cornice that 
runs on the slanting ceiling .so as to inter- 


Fig. 2. 

sect with the mouldings on the upright 
wall. I want to know how to get the 
lines .so as to form a proper mitre. 

Design of Ornamental Cross. 

From J. McD., Newburg, N. Y.: 

I wish .some fellow reader would pub- a de.sign qf an ornamental in- 
closed in a ring, suitable to place on the 
end of ridge of a small Roman Catholic 
church. Any information will be gladly 
received and appreciated. 

Information Wanted. 

From Thos. W. R., Denver, Col.: 

I .should be glad if some competent 
person, who is well up in Riddell’s 
.system of handrailing, will kindly a.ssist 
me. I have studied the system for a 
number of years, but am unable to strike 
a face-mould for a large well. I 
a diagram of the .same, centre to centre 
of rail, tread, 10";, 7"; size 

of rail, 4^^ x 3'^. The thickness of plank 

handrailings. The plank was set up in 
the pitch of the stairs, and the machine 
was so arranged that it traced the neces- 
sary lines on this plank by means of an 
upright rod which had an arm that slid 
up and down the rod, and at the same 
time would work in any direction re- 
quired. On the end of the arm was a 
pencil which traced the curve. Any in- 
formation regarding this machine will be 
thankfully received. 

A Friendly Tip. 

From Frank W., San Francisco, Cal.: 

I send you a diagram of work which I 
had to figure out without a.s.sistance, and 
never having done such work before, I 
found it a little puzzling at first. The 
mouldings at Fig. 4 were all mitered 
together. It will be seen that the flat 

part, or stile, had to extend to the straight 
stiles, with the mouldings made on the 
outside of it, and the mitres were curv^ed 

for the wreath is 4", that is, .same as the 
width of rail. The points must be cut 
square (see Fig. 3) with the face of plank, 
the lengths of .shank at plea.sure. The 
wreath in two pieces, the ri.sers in the 
.springing. I will be thankful for any 
light offered. 

How to Preserve Posts. 

From “ An Old Chip,” Trenton, N. J.: 

If J. Van D., Bloomington, 111., will 
soak his posts, or that ix>rtion which 
goes into the ground, in hot slaked lime, 
for four or five days, then let them dry- 
out good, he will find that his posts will 
last twice the time they will if put into 
the ground as they came from the mill. 


From Norman D. S., Orange, N. J.: 
Having an open string .stair to build at 
once, I would be much obliged if some 
one or more of our stairbuilders would 
send to the paper a de.sign or two. My 
stair will have open string with well, 
curtail step and liandrail for same; 14^' 
from centre to centre of rail and one tread 
in the well ; tread and 8^' rise ; 

please .show best method for working out 

Who Has Seen This Tracing 

From John W. K., Winona, Wis.: 

I once saw a little machine that was 
intended for striking out the curves on 

in order to have all the members of the 
moulding to jibe in. This diagram may 
help some fellow .some time. 

Designs for Barge Boards. 

From Win. Van D., Scranton, Pa.: 

I should feel thankful if .some brother 
would send for publication in our paper a 
few neat de.signs for barge-boards. I do 
not mind as to the .style or width, as I 
liave several cottage.s — frame — to build as 
a kind of summer re.sidence, and the 
owners want them to have a rather elab- 
orate look outside, though no two are to 
be alike. 

Finishing Corners of Square Bay 

From J. W., Atlantic City : 

I send you herewith a .sketch of the 
way in which I fini.shed the corners of a 
square bay window a short time ago. 

The .sketch, Fig. 5, might be of service to 
some of your many readers, as it is often 
difficult to find a ready method of 
ing this kind of work where .space is 
limited. The building connected with 
this work is a balloon one and the lot 
was small, and every inch of space had to 
be utilized. 

Saw Filing. 

From D. L. Stoddard: 

In reply to question about ‘‘ saw filling” 
asked by R. M. K. 

While it may be the majority of car- 
penters file with point of file toward 
handle, all best filers and authorities that 
I have .seen file the other way. In my 
article a few years ago I wrote quite 
fully on the subject. 

Oil Stones. 

From D. L. Stoddard: 

Tom R. asks about ‘‘oil .stones.” I 
have owned several, and the ‘‘ 
tion ” eniory for work is of great 
value to the carpenter, and almost does 
away w'ith the grind stone, and I have a 
quite fair ‘‘ composition ” fine stone. But 
far the best oil stone I ever owned is a 
lily white Washita, made by Pike Manu- 
facturing Company. 

Some Sound Advice. 

CoEUMBUS, Ohio. 

In looking over the January issue of 
The Carpenter, I find that John R. 
wants a .speedy answer fora quick way 
of finding length and curve of hip rafter 
for veranda roof slightly concave. 

The nature of many inquiries, follow- 
ing close the publication of principles 
profusely illustrated, containing full and 
complete answers to questions frequently 
propounded, leads me to believe that 
many of the brothers do not bestow the 
thought, study and application to the 
reading of our official journal it ju.stly 
deserves, and is necessary for obtaining 
good residts for themselves. If John R. 
has been a member of the United Bro- 
therhoo<l for four months and a careful 
reader of The Carpenter for the same 
perio<l, he would have found in O. B. 
Maginnis’ diagram (in November num- 
ber of Carpenter) of laying out a lath 
and plaster grain, the principle involved 
in obtaining length and curv'e of concave 
hip rafter. Pos.sibly if Mr. Maginnis 
would turn his grain upside down and 
sketch a wall plate the casual reader 
would experience no difficulty in a.ssoci- 
ating them, and even finding the same 
useful in the con.struction of concave 
roofs, while by a little thought and appli- 
cation the original grain drawings can be 
utilized for the .same purpose. Hip and 
bally rafters, manner of obtaining their 
length, bevels,' bevels of jacks, etc., has 
been again and again discu.s.sed, from the 
most complicated jx)int of view to a card- 
board model, until one would naturally 
sup]X)vSe that every union carpenter in 
the United States was thoroughly familiar 
with the .subject. Yet information on points is constantly sought and 
asked for, taking up space in Thp: Car- 
penter and the time of the editor, both 
of which might be better employed and 
with larger results to the craft in general 
than that of relating already fully ex- 
plained principles and propositions. 

The idea I wish to especially impress 
upon the mind of each brother is, for 
every one to get all he can out of his 
individual copy of Thp: Carpenter each 
month, and then file the .same for future 
reference when perplexing problems con- 
front him, I am of the opinion that .such 
a, if generally adopted by the 
brothers, would reduce the necessity of 
duplicate publications of answers and 
questions to a minimum, thereby increas- 
ing the journal’s scope and usefulness 
materially, without the additional cost of 
either time or money. 

Local Union No. 6i. R. F. 



During the month ending February 28, 1000. 
Whenever any errors appear notify the G. S.-T 
without delay. 

1— »169 20 82 70 282 — $17 75 427 — 887 20 

2 41 80 '144 21 60 28:1 12 00 428 6 IX) 

8 18 00 145 10 00 284 5 00 429 40 

4 — 107 80 117 17 20 285 41 60 480 6 50 

6 49 60 148 24 10 286 22 20 481 TjO 

6 12 90 149 5 40 287 8 00 482 6 50 

7 — 168 IH) 150 9 90 288 19 80 m (*0 

8 75 00 151 24 60! 289 25 20 48*1 ß 40 

9 20 60 152 10 290 6 80 486 J 50 

10 — 170 80 153 10 60 

11 Ö7 (io 154 p 40 

12 1 00 1155 22 45 

18 41 20 ' 156 4 40 

14 15 60 157 6 00 

16 17 00 158 8 80 

16 a 00 159 ^21 00 

18 7 15 160 8 00 

19 57 50 161 17 20 

20 7 20 162 12 25 

21 ^2:1 20 

22 — 144 80 

24 21 80 

25 28 00 

26 28 20 

27 18 40 

28 11 80 

29 1 00 

30 14 60 

31 88 m 

32 .57 20 

34 18 40 

35 7 40 

86 '18 80 

87 8 20 

88 5 40 

89 12 80 

40 7 00 

41 7 60 

42 17 20 

44 12 25 

45 29 W 

46 1 1 10 

47 ^14 SO 

48 2 60 

49 17 20 

50 7 40 

51 51 JO 

52 ! {7 50 

54 28 80 

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60 10 75 

61 78 80 

62 <)2 60 

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64 8:4 00 201 

65 19 00 1205- 

292 4 80 4.117 4 80 

298 6 40 489 7 40 

294-^— 8 ()0| 440 21 20 

295 8 40; 442 3 00 

296 66 75 448 1 50 

297 8 20 444 19 40 

298 17 10 446 6 8(1 

299 1 25 447 5 00 

300 8 00 448 9 80 

801 JiO 20 44C 46 00 

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166 18 80 aas 8 00 458 47 90 

167 47 80 804 19 70 454 8 00 

168 18 00 806 75 20 456 1 50 

169 25 00 808 17 10 457 — 102 25 

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171 ^29 85 810 7 20 4(j0 5 40 

172 12 80 811 11 00 462 9 85 

174 ^28 40 812 14 20 464 88 40 

175 14 80 818 11 40; 465 13 50 

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177 24 20 815 7 60; 468 1 00 

178-. — 6 20 81(5 7 65 46i: 3 10 

179 19 20 817 88 85 47C 19 00 

180 9 40 818 8 50 471 44 50 

181 — 100 80 820 6 60| 472 10 00 

182 5 40 821 10 40: 473 42 20 

18.8 26 90 822 .82 201 474 4 00 

184 2 80 828 2 (K)' 476 12 50 

185 ^25 75 824 6 00! 476 78 00 

186 10 15 826 m 40 477 10 00 

187 5 40 828 21 40 478 50 1-0 

188 20 OO; 880 6 00 479 10 00 





-26 40; 881 51 20' 480 10 00 

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-10 90; 883 9 60 482 20 80 

- 8 20! 884. 

8 00 488 81 40 

m 18 95! m 9 80 485 10 00 

194 6 60 887 4 40 486 20 80 

889 40 80 487 10 00 

840 80 20! 488 10 00 

195 5 80 

196 16 70 

198 11 60 

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200 J50 80 

201 5 00 

202 .82 (X) 

208 16 10 

8 20 
5 20 

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842 4 80 

848 8 40 

844 2 80 

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846 4 70 

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66 9 80 1206 51 80 349 10 80 

67 17 80 1207 19 (i0| 850 II fO 

68 8 80 208 12 80, &51 14 (.0 

69 29 80 209 25 80 862 18 20 

70 10 20 ,210 7 00 858 15 £0 

71 8 80 211 69 40 864 18 70 

40 40 212 14 00, 86.5 15 60 

7.8 — 116 40 218 4 (JO 856 4 40 

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216 7 10, .'160 8 FO i 

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218 11 60' 362 17 40 1 

219 22 50, \m 10 06 i 

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222 8 40 .866 8 40 1 

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85 9 60 224 

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280 10 10! 877 6 2o 608 8 40 

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285 12 40 380 2 60 611 8 60 

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251 14 20 J899 3 85 

138 71 40 1275 27 80 

1.89 27 10 1277 68 40 

^41. 45 10 1278 23 (JO 

142 40 62 279 42 80 

$10,626 52 







John Richlick (dis.) .... 


»800 00 


Mrs. R. B. Sovensou .... 


50 00 


Mrs. Mary Finn 


50 00 


Mrs. Rebecca Horner . . . 


50 00 


Rimer Willard 


200 00 


John Clausen 


50 00 


Gustav Zeibig 


200 00 


William Ryan 


200 00 


Jacob (dessert 


50 00 


Mrs. Carrie R. Ktchells . . 


50 00 


Mrs. Margaret Dempsey . 


50 00 


Mrs. Chas. S. Woodbridge . 


50 00 


Mrs. Mary Lee 


60 00 


200 00 


Mrs. Sarah K. Westlake . . 


50 00 


Mrs. Gnnda Karlsen . . . 


50 00 


Mrs. Annie Westphal . . . 


50 00 


L. L. Champagne 


200 00 


Thomas Kirby 


200 00 


George Smith (dis.) . . . . 

400 00 


Mrs. Armina Klein . . . . 


50 00 


Henry C. Wilcox 

200 00 


Lawson Fahringer . . . . 


200 00 


Richard Kiusella 


200 00 


Mrs. Kmma Girrard . . - 


25 00 


Mrs. A. M. Starkweather . 


25 00 


Mrs. Sarah Kent 


50 00 


J. M. Strickling 

11 1 

200 00 


John vStockberger 


200 00 


Timothy Shanahan (dis.) . 


400 00 


John Griffin 


200 00 


Chas. J. Freed 

. 181 

50 00 


Mrs. C. J. Hagan 


50 00 


Mrs. Elizabeth Bitner . 

. 202* 

50 00 


Mrs Alma S. l^yoiis . . . . 


25 00 


Archil>ald W. Mcl^reu . 

. 218 

200 00 


Thomas Dougherty . . . . 


200 00 


Mrs. Ursula Darms . . . . 

, 2: JS 

50 00 


Mrs. M. J. Johnson . . . . 

, 215 

50 00 


Mrs. Elizabeth P. Connors 

. 275 

50 00 


Mrs. Christina Young . . 

. 281 

50 00 


Mrs. Anna Petrick . • . 

. :i09 

50 (K) 


Mrs. Katie Dauni .... 

50 00 


Mrs. Theresa Glutsch . . 

. m) 

50 00 


Mrs. Helen Scheihler . . 

. ;4()9 

50 00 


Mrs. Fredericka Hart . . 

. 840 

50 (XJ 


Dennis J. Menton . . . 

200 00 


Mrs. Sarah Ann Ross . . 

. 848 

50 00 


Mrs. Mary Troiber . . . 

50 00 


Mrs. Mary Ann Free . . 

. 861 

50 00 


Mrs. Anna Textor .... 

. 875 

50 00 


Mrs. Appalonia Loeffler 

. 875 

50 00 


Mrs. Nancy M. Chalon . 

. 882 

50 00 


E. C. Webber 


200 00 


Mrs. Delima Gosseliu . . 

. 407 

50 00 


Arden A. Tubbs ... 

. 407 

200 00 


John R. Suckrau .... 

. 419 

200 00 


Mrs. Metta M. Jessen . . 

. 4:54 

50 00 


J. R. F)llison 

. m 

200 00 


Mrs. Mary Francis White 

. 458 

50 00 


Nils Debrun 

200 00 


Emil Gustav Hering . . 

. 467 

200 00 


Mrs. Anna Vetter .... 

. 468 

50 00 


Mrs. Salomea Kraemer . 

. 476 

.50 00 


W. B. Toms 

. 486 

.50 00 


Louis Bergdahl 

. 497 

200 00 


Valentine Bayer 

. 497 

200 00 


Mrs. Elizal^eth Campbell 

. 507 

50 00 


H. Elliott 

200 00 


Frank Perego 

. 56^1 

200 00 


Walter E. Jones 

. 678 

200 00 
»8,325 00 

The World’s Most Famous Men Were 
of Humble Origin. 

Coluinbiis, the discover of America, 
was the son of a weaver. 

The eminent French humorist, Fran- 
cois Rabelais, was the son of an Apothe- 

The great French dramatist, Moliere, 
was the son of a tapestry maker. 

Terence, the celel>rated Roman dramat- 
ist, was at one time a slave. 

Homer, most illustrious of poets, was 
at one time a beggar. 

The Greek poet, Hesiod, was a farmer’s 

Demosthenes, the most celebrated ora- 
tor of antkpiity, was a cutler’s son. 

The great English preacher, George 
Whitfield, was the son of an innkeeper 
at Gloucester* 

Thomas Wolsey, the English astrono- 
mer and mathematician, was the son of a 
soap manufacturer. 

Virgil, the great Latin poet, was the 
son of a potter. 

Horace was a shopkeeper’s son. 

Plautus, one of the greatest of Roman 
comic poets, was the son of a baker. 

The English lexicographer. Dr. Samuel 
Johnson, was the .son of a bookdealer. 

P'rom the most humble origin, Thur- 
low Weed became one of the leading 
journalists of the United States and a 
great political leader. 

Robert Burns, the Scotch poet, was a 
plowman in Ayrshire. 

William Shakespeare, “ the chief liter- 
ary glory of England,” was a Yeoman’s 

Daniel Webster was the son of a small 

William Cullen Bryant was the son of 
a physician. 

Abraham Lincoln was the .son of a poor 

The Next Step Toward Emancipation. 

{Continued from Page //.) 

under the most onerous conditions, and 
whose tenure of employment is .such that 
they are subject to the will or whim of 
every petty boss or understrapper. 

It is gratifiying to know that among 
our fellow-unionists throughout the coun- 
try, the idea is gaining ground that it is 
necessary in time of peace to prepare for 
war, and that this preparation — of provid- 
ing a substantial treasury — is the greatest 
factor in obtaining just and fair dealings 
without incurring the neces.sity for war* 

The time has now arrived when our 
fellow-workers should heed the admoni- 
tions of those who have passed through 
the several stages of the labor struggle; 
that they should clearly undenstaiid it is 
necessiiry to |>ay higher dues into the 
union of their trade in order that they 
may enjoy the many advantages which 
the trade union form of organization 
makes po.ssible. 

These advantages are of two kinds, 
which are generally known as protective 
and benevolent. It is not alone our duty 
to provide ourselves with protection when 
engaged in conflict, such as lock-out or 
strike, but we are morally bound to pay 
.some attention to mi.shaps for which 
there is no in.stitution on earth other than 
the trade unions which make provision. 
For in.stance, who cares for the worker 
when unemployed, except it be those 
trade unions members have made 
provision in .season by paying high dues 
for an out-of-work benefit ? In truth the 
unions of our trades .should be our sav- 
ings banks, our in.surance societies, to 
protect and defend us each and 
every mishap which may befall us as 
workers, as citizens, as men. 

In short, we consider it to be incum- 
bent uix)n us at the present juncture to 
declare that it is the duty of the 
workers to pay higher dues in order that 
the trade union may be recognized as a 
successful and permanent institution 
which will secure the workers’ rights 
and operate on practical lines for present 
amelioration and labor’s final emancipa- 
tion. — A merica n Federation ist. 

You labor for ten or twelve hours of 
the day; how can you find time to edu- 
cate yourselves ? The greater number of 
you scarcely earn enough to maintain 
yourselves and your families; how can 
you find means to educate yourselves? 
The frequent interruption and uncertain 
duration of your work causes you to 
alternate exce.s.sive labor with periods of 
idleness; how are you to acquire liabits 
of order, regularity and a.ssiduity ? It is, 
therefore, needful that your material 
condition .should be improved in order 
that you may morally progress. It is 
necessary that you .should labor less, so 
that you may consecrate some hours 
every day to your soul’s improvement. 

— Mizzina, the Duties of ManP 

Things to be Remembered. 

Three months in arrears subjects a member 
to loss of benefits. 

Steady attendance at the meetings gives life 
and interest to the Union.- 

Members going off to another city should be 
provided with a clearance card. 

All local treasurers should be under bonds 
and the bonds filed with the president of the I..U. 

Trustees’ reports should be prepared semi- 
annually and forwarded to the O. S.-T. Blanks 
are furnished free for that 

All changes in .Secretaries should be promptly 
reported to the G. S.-T., and name and address of 
the new .Secretary should be forwarded. 

Org.\nizk the Carpenters in the unorganized 
towns in your vicinity, or wherever you may go! 
Hold public meetings or .social festivals at stated 
occasions; they will add to the strength of your 

Letters for the General Office should be 
written on official note paper and bear the .seal 
of the Local Union. Don’t write letters to the 
G. S.-T. on monthly report blanks, as such com- 
munications are not in proper shape. 

All moneys received by the G. S.-T. one month 
are published in the next month’s joumal. 
Moneys received cannot l>e published in this 
journal the same month they are received. It 
takes some time to make up the report and put 
it into type. 

The only safe way to send money is by post- 
office money order or by bank check or draft, 
as required by the Constitution. The G. S.-T. is 
not responsible for money sent in any other way. 
Don’t send loose cash or postage stamps in pay. 
ment of tax or for any bill due the G. S.-T. 

For iny own part, I would not .sell 
even an old ox that had labored for me; 
much le.s.s would I remove, for the .sake 
of a little money, a man grown old in my 
se r vi ce . — Plata rch . 


Hundr«ds of Carpenters praise the best 
books printed. 


or House and Roof Framing 


It is a practical treatise on the latest and bast 
methods of laying our, framing and raising timber for 
houses, together with a simple and easily understood 
system of Roof Framing, the whole makes a handy 
and easily applied book for carpenters, both foremen 
snd journeymen. 


Chapter I. General description of Balloon Frames, 
Framed Sills and their construction. 

Chapter II. First Floor Beams or Joists, Story 
Sections, Second Floor Beams, Studding, Framii^ ol 
Door and Window Openings, Wall P ates and Roof 

Chapter III. Laying out and Working Balloon 
Frames, Girders, Sills, Posts and Studding. 

Chapter IV. Laying out First and Second Floor 
Joista or Beams, Oiling Joists and Wall Plates. 

Chapter V. Laying out and Framing the Roof. 

Chapter VI. Raising. 

PART II. — “ Roof-Framing.*' 


How to Frame the Timbers for a Brick House. 

Chapter I. General Descriptions First Story Fire- 
proof Floors, Studding and Wood Floor Beams. 

Chapter II. Second and Upper Story Beams, Par- 
titions, Bridmng and Angular Framine. 

Chapter III. Fireproofing Wood Floors Partitions 
and Doors. 

C^hapter IV. Roofs, Bulkheads and Fronts. 

Chapter V. Wood and Iron Construction. 

Chapter VI. Heavy Beams and Girders ' and Rais- 
ing Same. 

Chapter VII How to Frame a Log Cabin. 

The work is illustrated and explained by over 80 
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A practical and easily comprehended system of 
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builifing construction. The methods are made clear 
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** How to Measure up Woodwork 
for Buildings»^ 

exhaustive treatise, showing how to figure up all 
in required in Brick or Frame Houses. 

Illustrated by over 150 engravings with descriptive 

Send Cash or Post Office Order to 


310 West ia8th St., New York CUy. 




Young America’s Task. 

It is pleasing to see so many young 
Americans interevSted in those things that 
are turning our country topsy tur\'v. It 
is the younger people who will yet have 
to deal with the industrial revolution 
brought about by capitalism, which is not 
merely industrial, but also political and 
social. The older men seem unable to 
cope with it. They stand helpless and 
confounded before it. 

I spoke the other day of the new 
powders which American labor now 
confront, the gigantic combinations of 
capital, the corporations and the trusts 
which have recently come into existence. 
I recounted some of the numerous strug- 
gles against them in which labor is 
engaged at this time, mechanical labor as 
well as manufacturing and mining. I 
tried to show the responsibility of the 
working masses under this unprecedented 
state of things. 

It is young America that must be called 

A few incidents led me to think that 
young America is preparing for service. 

I had two unknown visitors one Sun- 
tkiy recently, both of them young men. 

One of them, a college man, is a worker 
at a skilled trade at which there are em- 
ployed several thousand men whose 
wages have recently been cut to the 
extent of several dollars a week. 

They have no organi/^ation, and w'ere of 
the opinion till lately that they had no 
need of a union. The business of organi- 
zation has been begun this week in a 
factory containing over a thousand hands, 
and the signs are tliat the wage cutters 
will not be able to use their knife in three 
montlis from this time. 

The other young man interested me 
as soon as he told me he wjis tlie son of 
ati old-time labor speaker whom I had 
known and who had engaged in a struggle 
for labor’s rights which cost him his life. 
When I last saw the father, haggard and 
shrunken, full of glorious enthusiasm, it 
was a time of storm and stress, and he 
was speaking to a small crowd from the 
tail end of a a cart in the Bowery. In a 
few diiys more he was dead. The most 
interesting 'thing alx>ut the young son, 
whom I saw that Sunday and who has 
just come of age, is that he desires to 
follow the footsteps of the great and good 
father who died when the son was a small 
lad. Well, my boy, it is a sublime 
ambition. It is worthy of Michael the 

Again, letters come here from intelli- 
gent young men, some desirous of obtain- 
ing knowledge and others anxious to learn 
what they can do to help their struggling 
fellows to lessen the hardships of life, to 
set up fairer conditions for labor and 
to establish a better industrial and social 
order. Well, young men , think it over for 

Yet again. Some time ago I was asked 
to a meeting of working women at which 
the speakers were to be of their own sex. 
At the meeting 1 listened to speeches by 
two young women which for earnestness, 
soundness of reasoning and depth of pas- 
sipn were never surpassed in my experi- 
ence. These young workingwomen 
quivered under the energy of their feel- 
ing, and their voices were like silver 
trumpets on a battlefield. 

I refer to the few cases here spoken of 
merely for the purpose of saying that one 
may liave good hope for the cause of the 
rights of labor when it is taken up heartily 
by young men and young women. These 
young people are fresh; their blood and 
brain are lively; they are not yet troubled 
with dyspepsia; tliey are often brave. 

Welcome, young men and young 
women!— inton in New' York 

Similar and Yet Different. Carnegie and Poverty. 

A trust is a body of capitalists who 
have obtained control of the profits in a 
certain line of business. 

A trade union is a body of workers or- 
ganized to obtain control of the wages 
paid for a certain kind of skilled labor. 

So far the trust has been more successful 
than the union in making its members 
rich, because there are not as many capi- 
talists as there are workingmen, and it is 
easier to bring them together. 

Besides, a capitalist can see w'hat is 
good for his pocket, while thousands of 
workers never think for themselves, but 
believe any old thing the foreman tells 

There isn’t a capitalist in New York 
who wouldn’t jump into a trust the very 
minute he was asked, while it w’ould take 
half a lifetime to get the benefits of 
unionism explained to some who need it 

It takes longer to complete the organi- 
zation of unions than it does to form a 
trust, but wdien unionism is perfected it 
will be the strongest organization in the 

They laugh best who laugh last. The 
trusts are knocking us right and left, like 
a pin in a bowling alley, but .some time 
in the next ten years they wdll find out 
that it is not the beginning but the finish 
of a race that takes the prize. 

Unionists po.ssess wdiat the world needs 
most — labor ; and as soon as they can 
close up their ranks and control the labor 
market the mightiest trust in America 
will be brought to its knees. 

There is a great difference betw'eeii a 
trust and a union — a is formed to 
increase the profits of a few men who 
have already enough wealth, while a 
union is formed to .secure living wages 
for a number of underpaid w’orking 

The purpose of a trust is to close up 
factories and mills and mines, and to dis- 
charge as many men as possible, while 
on the other liand the purpose of a union 
is to reduce the hours of labor and thus 
give employment to the unemployed. 

A trust freezes out as many of the 
smaller capitalists as it can, and corners 
all the profits for a few giants w’ho are in 
tile scheme, w'hile a union opens its doors 
to every worker in the bade, and even 
pays .salaries to organizers who gather as 
many non-unionists as pos.sible in out of 
the rain. 

A frequently has been proved 
guilty of corrupting the legi.slature and 
congress, bribing right and left to 
some bill through which put millions in 
its ow’ii pockets, while trade unionism 
seeks by lawful means to .secure legi.sla- 
tion for the unemployed, or for the poor 
little child- workers in factories, or for 
some of the weaker and neglected mem- 
bers of .society. 

A trust keeps the public in the dark as 
to its plan of operations, and covers itself 
with a cloud of mystery, while a union 
holds open meetings, writes welcome 
over the door, and by means of lectures, 
pamphlets and papers does the best to 
teach the public the principles for which 
it stands. 

So here we have two kinds of tru.sts — 
one formed to benefit a few score of ordi- 
nary ]>eople, and the other formed to 
benefit fifty or sixty millions of ordinary 

Both of cannot exist forever .side 
by side, but there is no doubt that the 
fitter will survive. Neither is there any 
doubt as to which of the two is the fitter. 
— Exchange. 

Labor is the life of life. Ease is the 
way to di.sease. The highest life of an 
organ lies in the fullest discharge of its 
functions. • 

As Mr. Andrew Carnegie, ob.serves: 
“ Poverty is a blessed. heritage.” 


Next to having $1.38 above expenses, 
poverty is the sweetest heritage that can 
possibly be herited. 

What is a poor man without poverty ? 
Ah, what? 

There is no .sadder .sight in all the 
.spectacular of this sphere than a rich 
man .surrounded by his loving relatives, 
who fret for his funeral. 

For the pK>or the air of heaven 
and an appetite that coyly tempts them 
to bite .shingle nails. For the rich, 
nothing but the miseries of tru.s.sed ter- 
rapin and marmalade macaroons. 

Oh, the horrors of marmalade maca- 

Poverty is, indeed, a ble.ssed heritage. 
And .so many of us are loaded plumb to 
the hatches with the b. h. How happy 
w'e .should be ! 

Did you ever stop to think how crut 1 
it is that a rich man has to go through 
the w^orld without the ble.ssed heritage 
of poverty ? 

We w’ho wallow .selfi.shly in our owm 
b. h. seldom have time to .sigh for the 
rich man who is not permitted to .sprinkle 
.salt on the tail of a blessed heritage, 
Po.ssibly w'e haven’t time to .sigh, because 
we are at that moment bu.sily engaged in 
running eighteen miles to the, 
playfully pursued by a bill collector. 
The fact that the bill collector was in- 
.spired to catch us and whi.sper .sweet 
nothings in our ears by one of the herit- rich men who owns a bologna 
factory makes our all the more 

Some day when you meet Mr. Andrew 
Carnegie on the street forget for a mo- 
ment your pride and .speak sweetly to 
him. Say unto him: ” Hello, Andy! 

My heart grieves for you! You are 
lonely and unhappy without the ble.ssed 
heritage of poverty. Take four dollars’ 
worth of mine — nay! nay! thank me not, 
Andy! If ’twill bring you a moment’s 
pleasure take six dollars’ worth and give 
the amount named in small bills, please!” 

Note with what avidity he will ex- 
change his greenbacks for the 
pleasure of posse.ssing even .six little 
dollars’ worth of poverty. 


Note, incidentally, the haggard horrors 
that have been heaped upon him by re- riches. His coat hangs from his 
shoulders as though it had been 
made expre.ssly for him, with never a 
button mi.ssing. Oh, the ry of it all! 
His necktie cost eight dollars a }*ard and 
looks like a map of Michigan .struck by 
a rollicking rainbow. 

Note that cruel .scar under the lower 
lip. That was caused by a silver spoon. 
Yes. One evening while engaged in 
carrying a silver .spoonful of .scintillating 
.soup to its terminal .station news was 
brought him that an employee had 
thoughtlessly kicked the ear off an in- 
offensive pig of iron. The .shock caused 
him to control of the spoon’s steer- 
ing gear and it entered into a hearty col- 
laboration with a retiring part of his chin. 
At the .same time the saucy .soup, de- 
lighted to regain its freerlom, put an $8 
scar on a hemstitched tablecloth. Oh, 
the curse of gold !: 

Some day w'hen you are weary with 
basking in tlie beauties of your blessed 
heritage saunter into the private office 
of John D. Rockefeller. John will be 
tickled into a frenzy to see you. We of 
the blessed heritage are so selfish, so 
.selfish! We never think. of running in 
on John to sliake a dayniay and cheer 
him up with our exciting little .stories of 
home life. If there’s anything John loves 

it is to hear exciting little stories of the 
home life of those who are safety-pinned 
to the extreme end of a ble.ssed heritage. 

John will lock up the safe any time to 
listen to a story of how the kerosene 
lamp exploded and set fire to the cat, and 
he will thrill wnth pleasure when you tell 
him that the cat jumped into the bread 
pan and rendered the last baking you had 
in the house unfit for publication. 

Saunter into John’s private office some 
day. If J. Pierpont Morgan happens to 
be there cursing the luck that makes his 
income .slop over into four million dollars 
a day, John will Pier out into the 
corridor and invite you take a comfort- 
able .seat. Of course, you mu.stn’t take 
the comfortable seat with you when you 
leave the building. The rich must not be 
made to feel too keenly their unfortunate 

Take John’s poor, wasted hand in yours 
and notice how the cruel scissors have 
left their awful marks around the thumb 
and .second finger of the right hand. Po.s- 
.sibly you may perceive a woeful water 
blister peeping .shyly from beneath that 
.same thumb. All miseries are 
caused by the daily toil of clipping 
coupons, and the disease is known as 
cuponisis. But be not afraid. It is not 
catching. Those who liave the blessed 
heritage of poverty are immune. 

Pardon me just a moment. There’s a 
lyric lingering in my larynx and I must 
let it; 


Trust iu I/Cather, 

TniHt in Ales, 

Trust in Copper, 

Trust in Nails. 

Trust in Whiskey, 

Trust in Wine, 

Trust in Iron, 

Trust in Twine. 

Trust in Pickles, 

Trust in Tools, 

Trust in Guradrops, 

Trust iu Mules. 

Trust in Hames.s, 

Trust in Meal, 

Trust in Dry Goods, 

Trust in Steel. 

Trust in Rubber, 

Trust in Hens, 

Trust in Paper, 

Trust in Pens. 

Trust in Sawdust, 

Trust in Rice, 

Trust in Green Goods, 

Trust in Ice. 

Here’s the limit: 

Andrew C. 

Wants a Trust in 

— Gforge V. Hohart^in Neiv York Journal. 

Never Admit Defeat. 

Never admit defeat or poverty, though 
you .seem to be down, and have not a 
cent. Stoutly assert your divine right to 
be a man, to hold your head up and look 
the world in the face; step bravely to the 
front, whatever opposes, and the world 
will make way for you. No one will 
insist upon your rights while you yourself 
doubt thiit you have any. Hold firmly 
the conviction that you the quali- 
ties requisite for success. Never allow 
yourself to be a traitor to your own 
by undennining your self-confidence. 

There never was a time before when 
pensistent, original force was .so much in 
demaml as now. The namby-|mmby, 
nerveless man has little show in the 
ling, bustling world of to-<lay. In the 
twentieth century a man either or be pushed. 

Every one admires the man who can 
assert his rights and has the power to 
demand and take them if denied him. 
No one can respect the man who .slinks 
in the rear and apologizes for being, in the 
world. Negative virtues are of no use in 
winning one’s -way. It is the positive 
man, the man witli original energy and 
push that forges to the front. — Success, 

-(T* - r jv 



Noteworthy Sayings. 

(Insertions under this head cost ten cents a line.) 

Union No. 155, Plainfield, N. J. 

Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God iu 
His infinite wisdom and love to remove from 
among us our beloved brother, Henry W. 
Force ; and , 

Whereas, The members of this Union feel the 
loss of a faithful brother and an earnest worker; 
therefore be it 

Resolved^ That we drape our charter for thirty 
days and that we express our sincere sympathy 
to the family of our deceased brother. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions l>e 
spread upon the minutes of this Union, and that 
a copy be presented to the bereaved family and 
published in our daily papers; also that they be 
published in our official organ. The Carpen- 

A. R. VAIL, 



Demanding Justice. 

Two Porto Rican labor leaders, San- 
tiago Iglesias and Kdxiardo Coiide, who 
arrived in New York from the i.sland a 
week ago, liave issued an ap])eal to this 
government on behalf of the working- 
men of Porto Rico. 

The two delegates, who have estab- 
lished headquarters in New York, declare 
that the working of the island have 
been reduced by reason of the war, the 
hurricane and the action of this govern- 
ment since the storm, to a condition of 
extreme destitution. 

They declare that unless action is taken 
soon riots will occur throughout the is- 
land, as the poor are de.sperate from their 

justice, say these delegates, is 
almost impossible for tiie poor, and the 
laws practically result in the disfranchise- 
ment of the laborers. Of the 1,000,000 
inhabitants, 600,000 are absolutely pau- 
pers through no fault of their own. 

The workingmen demand a radical 
change in the government of the island. 
They ask that the following ordinances 
of Governor General Davis be annulled : 

1. That laborers on the public works 
shall get no more than 25 cents per day 
for eight hours work. 

2. That only property owners and tax- 
payers shall vote and tliose who can read 
and write. 

3. That the payment of |1 shall be 
made before a vote is cast. 

The workingmen also ask that the or- 
dinance forbidding appeals from the de- 
cisions of tribunals be abrogated. They 
also want better .schools. 

Of more worth is one honest man in 
society and in the sight of God than all 
the crowned ruffians that ever lived. — 
Thomas Paine, 

Give your tongue more holidays than 
5 *our hands or eyes. 

Think wrongly if you, but in 
all cases think for your.self. 

Many have fallen by the edge of the 
sword, but not .so many as have fallen by 
the tongue. 

Nobody wants to keep a runaway horse, 
but many keep a runaway temper and 
think nothing of it. 

Beware of inquisitive people ; an ex- 
ce.ssive curiosity to know all is generally 
accompanied by as great a de.sire to tell 
it again. 

A wise man will de.sire no more than 
what he may obtain ju.stl}L soberly, 
distribute cheerfully, and live upon con- 

There is an emanation from the heart 
in genuine ho.spitality which cannot be 
dcvscribed, but is immediately felt, and 
puts the stranger at once at his 

Can anyone say on any day that he has 
done his whole duty, that he has done all 
that he ought to have done, that he has 
uttered no ha.sty word, entertained no 
wrong thought, or ]ia.s.sed uo harsh judg- 
ment upon his fellow man ? 

There is a sanctity in suffering, when 
.strongly, meekly borne. Our duty, 
though .set about by thorns, may .still be 
made a staff, .supporting even while it 
tortures. it away, and, like the 
prophet’s wand, it changes to a snake. 

I8jBY 28 INCHtS, 







ffUMS, ff/ses} 


HOPPC/f eO7jsTamti0 MEmifE‘£Te^ 
6ent post PAÖ. Pwet $1.01 


» TMecARPtNTtn.n,S;;;:^B. 

Ag;ents for The CARPENTER. 


4.54. Be.ssemer — G. M. Clotfelter, Brighton. 

75. Birmingham — E. E. Friselle, 15Ui 1th ave. 
422. North Birmingham— J. E. Wollenhaupt, 
Labor Advocate. 

271. Gadsden— T. F. Marlow. 

2jK). Knsley— W. B .Smith. 

.S12 Montgomery — T. J. Neal, 113 Robinson si. 
3.5J1 “ — iCoDK M. Lewis, SKI Jefferson. 

Mobile — W. Walker, 15U Chatham st. 

1*2. " — (Col.) W. G. Lewis, 751 .St.T.ouis st. 

.'»(W. Phenix— D. Gentry, 2Ü.1 20th st. 

110. Selma — *Col.»C. D. Haygood ,525 Lawrence, 
172. “ Geo. W, Walker, 11^ Division st. 


366. Mena— O. D. Henley 
36. Fort-Smith-T. C. ‘Gardner. 

A New Sanding Machine. 

We present on page two of cover a cut 
of a new sanding machine, recently intro- 
duced by J. A. Fay & Co., of No. 514 to 
534 W. Front .street, Ciiiciiiuati, Ohio. It 
is their new No. 2>^ improved vertical 
single .spindle and disk saiider. 

To any one having curved or .straight 
material and .small pieces, to sandpaper, 
this machine will be of the greatest in- 
terest; it is simple, substantial, not liable 
to get out of order, and iu the finishing 
of furniture, interior fixtures, novelties, 
etc., will be found to possess many de- 
vices and conveniences which give it a 
great advantage over all other machines 
of a .similar kind. 

One of machines will he on ex- 
hibition at the Paris Exposition, opening 
in April, and it is de.stined to become a 
great favorite in all carpenter,, door 
and blind, box and other .shops, where a 
.Sander is required that will accomplish a 
good deal of work, and at the .sjime time 
is suitable for small pieces. 

If our readers will write to J. A. Fay & 
Co., No. 514 to 534 W. Front street, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, and mention Thk Car- 
penter, they will be pleased to 
them with prices and all particulars. 

They manufacture every kind of ma- 
chine for working or cutting wooil, and 
will send their illu.stratcd poster on 



















211 ». 




220 . 



















Alameda — C. H Thratie, 2975 Johnson ave. 
Los Angeles — F. C. Wheeler, Box 233. 

" —Geo. E Brewer, 307 E. 21«t. 

Oakland — Charles J. Jacobs, 1706 Grove st. 
Riverside— Charles Hamilton, 519 9th st. 
San Francisco— Secretaiy Dist. Council, 
Henry Meyer, 122 Gates. 
“ N.L. Wandell,! 1.33v^ Mission st,Sta.B. 
" I Latin i L. Masarie, 44% Erie st. 

“ (Ger. I Chns. Goldbeck, 336 12th st. 

“ (Mill) J. G. Fallon, J531 Duncan st. * 
“ (illy I,athrop, 915^ Market st. 

“ »Stair) J. P. Harkins, 72U Natomn st. 
San Jose— W. Rcinhold, 3tli auh Empire st. 
San Mateo— Nat. Smith. 

San Rafael— R. Scott. 

Vallejo— I. Christianson, 573 Kentucky st. 


Brantford, Ont.— J. H. Ness, 130 Park av. 
Halifax, N. S. — Geo. Browne, 12 Willow 
Hamilton— W. J. Frid, 2j5 Nelson st. 
Kingston, Ont.— I..C. Robinson,. ’175 Bagot. 
Montreal— (Fr.) K. Frechette, 1736 St. 

Rat Portage, Ont,— F. Mercicr. 

St. Catherines- Jas. Hindson, Henry st. 
St. Thomas, Ont.— P. A. Campbell, Box 761. 
Toronto— D. I). McNeill, 133 Hamburg ave. 
Vancouver, B. C.— II. S. Falconer. Box 231. 
Winnipeg, Man.— J. J. Moore, 636 McDer- 
mott ave. 


Boulder— J. C. Jetmore, 19.39 Water st. 
Canon City— G. C. Hawley, 111 S. 10th st. 
Colorado City— F. K. Seward, Box 35. 
Colorado Springs— D. R. Blood. 17 W. 

F'ountain st. 

Cripple Creek— S ec. of Dist. Council. 

T. W. Reid. Box 5, Independence, 

Cripple Creek— W. W. Lovett, Box .364. 
Denver— I). M. Woods. 1451 Curtis st. 
Florence— R. K. Higgins. 

Grand Junction— F. M. Diehl. 
Independence— T. W. Reid. P. O. Box 5 
Lkadvillb— W. J. Benning, 103 W. 6th st. 
Ouray— P. H. Shue, Box 5^19. 

Pueblo— M. L. Todd. 2720 Fifth ave. 
Tklluride— G eorge FCdwards. 

Victor— C. K. Palmer, Box 38-1. 


1 15. Bri dgeport— Marlin L. Kane, 500 Park av. 
127. Derby— John A. Thomas, Shelton, Conn 
196. Greenwich— F. W. Herbert. 

4.3. Hartford— Alex. McKay, H.3 Julius st 
97. New Britain— John Nelson, »53 Beaver st 
79. New Havk.n— Wm. Wilson. 503 Chaple st' 
1.3,3. New London— a. (L Keenev, 7 Wallst 
1.37. Norwich— F. S. Kdmonds. &)3 Central ave 
746. Norwalk -Wiiliam A. Kellogg, Box .’191 
210. STA.MFOKD— K. J. Crawford. 25 Franklin st 
216. Torrington— r . C. Rnmsev. 105 Prospect si 

260. Waterburv— Jos. H. Sandiford,27 N, Vine. 


190. Washington- J. T Kenyon, 1115 Rhode 
Island ave.. N. W. 


.379. Bagdad— R. S. Robertson, Milton Fla 
224. Jacksonville— (Col.) s. T. Minus, (lO.') W 
Union st. 

" —A. C. MacNcil, 315 K. Church st 

Pensacola— J. A. Lyle, 3163.4, W.Zawagossa 
“ —(Col.) W.A. Woods, 16 W. Wright st 
Tampa— C. B. Hester, 2107 Tampa st. 


Atlanta— Secretar>* DLst. Council, Thos. 
J. Black, 71 McDaniel st. 

.317. *• —(Cars) C. M. Hudson. Box 6:5J). 

329. “ — Thos. J. Black, 71 McDaniel st 

439. '• -I. W.xfross.OLloyd 81 . 

136. Augusta— (Col ) T. P. I^wis. 130.i Philip st. 
240. " — W. M. Hare, 11*27 Watkins st 

‘233. “ — J. A. Mires. 

63. Columbus— (Col.) P. C. Tinsley. 

313. " — M. C. Gorham. 

501. Darien — B cnj. S. Brown. 

144. Macon — G. S. Bolton, .520 Kim st, 

326. “ —(Col.) John N. Pitts, K. Macon. 

411. Rome- J. H. Densen. 

2.56. Savannah— J. N. Wilbon, .515 Duffy. West 
313. “ — (Col.) Thos. J. Carter, 303 Drayton 

261. Valdosta — J. M. Youngblood, 


393. LKwisToN— Flank Murray. 










212 . 






201 . 















211 . 





































112 . 





Alton — Thomas Oddy, 9.50 Union st. 
Belleville- Henrj' Steiner. 605 S. Illinois. 
Bloomington— S. G. Cunningham, 601 E. 
Mill st. 

Brighton P.ark— O. Gratton, .‘1300 S. Al- 
bany ave. 

Canton— J. W, Poper, 46l N. ave. B. 
Centra LI A— William Good. 

Ch.\mpaign — O. F. Miller, 107 W. Thomas. 
Chicago — Secretary of Dis. Council, Thos. 

Neale,’l3V E. Wash. st.. Room L 
“ — W. G. Schardt, 139 E. Wash. st.. Rm. 2. 
*' — J. H. Stevens, (j029 Peoria st. 

** — T. J. Lelivclt, 1710 Fillmore st. 

“ — (French) P. Hiidoii,*20V S. Center nv. 
“ — (no. I John Dlouh 3 % 13tiOS. Homan av. 
" —William W. Bennette, i'.K)2 N. Pau- 
lina st. 

“ — K. G. Torkel.son, 06 Ohio st. 

" — (Ger.) Herman Voell,5114 Paulina st. 

—James Bell. 1310 W. 18th PI. 

“ — (Ger.) Flniil Demme. 2314 Drake ave.. 
Station G. 

“ — (Jewish) Isaac Birkhau, 102 Bunker. 
'* — (Stairs) Gust. Hansen, 732 N. Rock- 
well st. 

Chicago Height.s— Ernest (ireen. 
COFFKEN— W. W. Whitlock. 
Collinsville— John M. Snucr. 
Danville— K. A. Rogers, 9 Columbus st. 
Duquoin— K. E. Burbank. 

East St. I,ouis— K. Wendling, 512 III. ave. 
Kdwardsville— J. M. Wilkins, Box 110. 
Elgin — W. A. Underhill, 3.58 Bent st. 
Englewood— D. D. Sinclair, 7124 Marsh- 
field ave. 

Frkebuug— H. Geiger. 

Galesbitrg- Nels. Johnson, 436 Philip st. 
Gun. Cro.ssing— J. Miirrav, l‘-2*9 K- 71st st. 
Highwood— Jno. J. Shcrifl.aii. 

Joliet— G. I). Kanagv,214 Willow st. 
Kensington— (F r.) Ed. I.npoUce, 214 W. 
116th st. 

Kewankk — Chas. Wiuquist, 6.30 N. Fjm st. 
Lake Forest— Willis Russell, Box 17 
La Salle — James Noonan, 312 Tonte st. 
Lincoln— J. E. Walker. 702 Decatur st. 
Litchfield— Wm. Bray. 

Madison — J. P. Farley. Bo.x 114. 
Mattoon— J. K. Goodbrake, BiOT) Broadway. 
Moline — Charles Halley. 

Moreland — Jas, m! Parnie,2011 Monroe st., 

Mt. Olive- John Shreier. 

Ottawa — J. D. Gearj',216 Deleen st. 
Peoria — J. H. Rice, 4()2 Behrends ave. 

Peru — J oseph Scholle, Box 155, 

Quincy — F. W. Euscher, 102.5 Madison st. 
Rock Island — Geo. C. Barnes, C03 8th st. 
South Chicago— J. C. Grantham, 3(y2.3 Ed 
wards nvc., Stn. S., Chicago. 
Sparta— H. L. Cooper. 

Springfield— T. M. Blankenship, 413’^^ E. 
Jefferson st. 

Staunton — Bernard Ackerman. 

Streator — E dw. Kraske, 1112 S. Bloom- 
ington st. 

Waukegan — J. Demerest, 719 County st. 
Witt — C. Armentrout, 


Alexandria— J. W. Crorfk. 

Anderson- Ross F^shelman, 60*.) Hendricks. 
Brazil — Harry Goo<lin, 628 S. F'ranklin si. 
Clinton— James A. .»Ulen, Box 85. 
Elwood— W. A. Reynolds, P. O. Box 824. 
Evansville— Sami t^ork, )*20 East 111 st. 
Gas City — George Trihby, Box 
Hammond — Ur\'in Spafford, 422 Stanton av. 
Hartford City — George Sliger. 
Indianapolis- (Gr.) John Eisler, 1822 Sin- 
gleton st. 

“ — J. T. Goode, 308 w. Maryland st. 

Lafayette— H. K. Huffman, 1827 Salem st, 
T.inton— Samuel I). Stnlev. 

Marion— J. M. Simons, (4K» E. Sherman st. 
Morocco— J. E. Mauley, 

Muncik — D. M. Winters, 5J15 S. (Vaskey st 
New Albany— J.O. Vanwinkle. )K)SChiitch. 
South Bend — Geo. W. G«in,.31.s W. .Sample, 
Terre Haute— C. L. Hudson, lJ*2ilN. lOth. 
Vincennes— A. C. Pennington, King’s H’tT. 

INDIAN territory. 

Wac.oner— Charles Allen. 


L. McF^lroy. 

»5.31. Burlington— John Brener. 1341 Griswold 
:K)8. Cedar Rapjds— C. A. Tracv.615 S. 7th st. F.. 
361. Council Bluffs— L. P. Chambers. 

.551. Davenport— H.W. Schweider.l 127 Mitchel 
106. Des Moines- F. W. Keasey, 1.503 W. 2.5th st . 
425. •• — ( Mill ) J. M. Cornell, 819 K. I2th st 

678. Dubuque- M. R. Hogan. 2)H* 7th st. 

281. Fort Dodge— Wm. I^ahv. 716 N. 9th st, 
767. Ottumw a— John W. Moiri8on,625 W. Ith 
491. Sioux City— A. B. Davenport. 


2f>3. Argentine- M. Murphy, Box 347. 

12?1. Iola — T. Birnbaum, 

138. Kansas City— Geo. McMullen, 8.5(» Muncie 

4.58. Law rence— W. L. Hastie, 1113 Penn st 
199. Leavenworth— J. Schaufler, Montezuma 

158. Topeka- A. M. H. Claudv, K)8 Tyler st 
201. Wichita— J. L. Taylor, 6*24 S. Market st. 



Covington— C. Glatting, 1502 Kavanaugh 
— (Ger. ) J. W. Want?., ;i8 Trevor 
Hopkinsville— James Weston. 
Louisville-H.S. Hoffman, 17717 Gallagher 
“ — (Gr.) J. Schneider, 1186 E. Jacob av. 
New'port-\V. E, Wing, 6*22 Central ave. 


New Orleans— Secretary of Dist. Council, 
,, F\ G. Wetter, 2220 Josej>hine st. 

* —Aug. Limberg,714 Foucher st, 

— F. Duhrkop, 615 Cadiz st. 

.. ' — M. Joaquin, 13(VI St. Roche ave. 

Shreveport- C. B. Huff, Box 261. 


Bath — E. C. Plummer. 97 Drummer st. 

Bar Harbor— K. K. Whitaker. 
Lew’iston— G eo, f;. Lombard, .58 ('.off st., 

Water viLLE — S. C. Burrill,26 Summer si. 





2ft. Baltimore— W. FI. Keenan, l>Ot> Asquith st. 
M. " — (Ger.) FI. B. Schroeder, 2K)8 

Canton ave. 


Sft5. Adams— Manly Sherman, 34 E. Hoosac st. 
Boston— Secretary of Dist. Council, H. 
Fogel, 88 Dickens st., Dor. 

.tl. " — C. J. Gallagher, 168 Howard ave., 


488. Brookline— A. C. Wallace, 263 Pond ave. 
441. Cambridge— J. D. Mclsacl^ 78 Washington 

443. Chelse.\— P. S. Mulligan, Potban. 

386. Dorchester— H. F. Campbell, 1048 Dor- 
chester ave., Boston. 

218. E. Boston— C. M . Demp.sey , 272 Meridian st . 
223. FAT.L River — Edw. Gagne, 78-4 Walnut st. 
82. Haverhill — George Frost, Box 401. 
i24. Hing HAM — H. E. Wherity, Box 113. 

390. Holyoke— Joseph Lebron, 7 Franklin st. 
400. Hudson— George K. Br>'ant, Box 125. 

111. Lawrence— Wm. C. Gemmel, 25 Crosby st. 
370. Lenox— P. H. Cannavan, Box 27. 

4ft. Lowell — Frank A. Kappler, 1413 Gorham. 
221. Marblehead— R. H. Roach. 24 Village st. 
276. Newton — C. L. Connors, 10 Rutland st., 

193. North Adams— J. J. Agan, 243 River st. 
351. Northampton— L. D. Bennington, 255 

444. Pittsfield— Chas. Hyde, 16 Booth’s Place. 
67. Roxbury — II. M. Taylor, 116 Whitfield st., 


307. So. Framingham — Hugh Cooney, 55 Flare- 
ford st. 

96. Springfield- (Fr.) P. Provost, Jr., 715 
Lilierty st. 

177. " — P. J. Collins, 1365 State st. 

2ffi. Westfield — W. J. Powertean, 87 Orange st. 
23. Worcester — W. A. Rossley,5City View av. 
408, “ — (Fr.) E. Girard, 2 Bernard Court, 


105. ALPENA — B. D. Kelley, 416 Tawas st, 

116. Bay City— E. G. Gates, 218 N. Bimey st. 

1ft. Detroit — T. S. Jordan, 427 Beaufait ave. 
303. “ — A. liaak, 228 Erskine st. 

180. FIancock— F. Weem. 

297. Kalamazoo— H. Greeudyke, 1003 N. Park. 
341. Marine City— W. I.. Rivard, Box 379. 

173. Munising— A. L, Johnson. 

1(X). Muskegon — F'. M. Starke, 11 Marshall. 

59. Saginaw— P. Frisch, 621 Atwater st. 

33'4. “ — F. C. Trier, 1721 Hancock st. 

40, Sault St. Marie — A. Stowell, 227 Maga- 
zine st. 

226. Traverse City— J. J. Tisdale, 217 W. 16th. 


361. Duluth — ^John Knox, Box 283, W. Duluth. 

7. Minneapolis— L ars Stubee, 2601 S. 22nd st. 
266. Red Lake Falls— N. Holberg. 

87. St. Paul— N els Johnson, 707 Martin st. 


311. Joplin— J. R. Weeks, 

4. Kansas City— J. E. Chaffin, 2(500 Park ave. 
48. Kirksville— W. H. Wellbaum. 

110. St. Joseph— W. Zimmerman, 1223 N. 13th. 
388. “ —(South) George \\\ I^wis. 

St. Louis— Secretary of District Council, 
R. Fuelle, 604 Market st, 

6. " (Ger.) Charles Thoms, 2106 Victor .st. 

45. “ (Ger.) W. L. Wamhoff, 2608 N. 14th st. 

47. “ (Ger.) C. J. Hermann, 2712 Chippewa. 

73. “ Geo. J. Swank. 4428 Manchester ave. 

257. “ A. W. Ware, 4413 a Gibson ave. 

578. “ (Stairs) E. Bruggemann, 2585 Warren. 

420. Webb City— W. S. Braustetter. 


88. Anaconda— C. W. Starr, Box 238. 

Ji45. Billings— John Powers, Box 681. 

112. Butte City'— O. B. Church, Box 623. 

286. Great Falls— O. M. Lambert, Box 923. 
153. HELENA— H. F. Smith, 1119 6th ave. 

28. Missoula— C. White. 


113. Lincoln— F. A. Flavcs, 445 S. 25th st. 

427. Omaha— M. H. McConnell, 2113 Grant st. 
279. S. OMAHA— S. Spence, S. Omaha. 






20 . 


















120 . 










Asbury Park— William H. Carr, Box 897. 
Atlantic City— D. Z. Weida, 2025 Caspian 

Bay'ONNE — Morris F’eldman, 484 Ave. C. 

“ — P. A. Miller. 960 Ave. D. 

Bridgeton— J. H. Reeves, 145 Fayette st. 
Camden — T. E. Peterson, 4::i0 Walnut st. 
Elizabeth— H. Zimmerman, 240 South st 
“ —(Ger.) John Kuhn, 11 Spencer. 

HACKENSACK— E. M. Paton, First and 

Hoboken— A. Crothers, 131 Jack.son st. 

“ —(Ger.) H. Sivers, 400 Monroe st. 

Hudson Co.— D ist. Council, D. W. Banks. 

‘290 Sherman ave., Jersey City. 
Irvington— Chas. Van Wert. 

“ —(Mill)John Hunt, 551 Grand st. 
Jersey City— L. P. L,arseu, 27 a Jewett ave. 
“ “ — Aug. Zimmerman, o7 Lex- 

ington ave. 

» “ _i^. F. Ryan, 181 Ninth st. 

Jersey City Heights- R obert Hamilton, 
‘202 Webster ave. 

“ (Stairs) G. Feinan, 225 Dodd st., 

Long Branch — Chas. K. Brown, Box ‘241, 
Long Branch City. 

Millville— Jas. McNeal, 6‘22 W. Main st. 
Montclair — ^James Meixjod, 141 st. 
Morristown — C. V. Dents, Lock Box 163. 
Newark— Secretary of District Council, 
J. I. Skinner, .'186 Clinton ave. 
“ — H. G. Long, 10 Davis st.. East 


“ — (Ger.) II. Kachelries,24 Jabezst. 

“ — Herman Ileurj' 105 14th ave. 

—A. L. Becgle, 122 N. ‘2d st. 

“ —(Ger.) G. Arendt,. 584 Springfield 


NEW ORANGE— James Carey. 

Oran<;e— F. Schorn, 22 Chapman .st. 
Paterson— S. Sixx, 90 Water st. 

Passaic— Robert Roosma, 251 Autumn st. 
PERTH AMBOY— W. H. Bath, 33 I^wis st. 
Phillipsburg— W. S. Garrison, 8 FaycUc. 

1.5.5. Plainfiei d— Wm, H. Imnger, 101 Jackson 

.3.58. Roselle— Edward P. Mannou. 

455. Somerville— E, Opdyke. 

.31. Trenton — A. N. Cornrsh, 1*29 Brunswick 

61*2. Union Hill— (Ger.) J. Worischek, 721 Adam 
.st., Hoboken. 

3‘20. Westfield— John Goltra. 

299. West Hoboken— Charles Diedrich, 23d st., 
West New York. 




6 . 





12 . 





































212 . 








• 200 . 





















101 . 



























Albany— L. B. Harvey, 492 3d st. 

“ —(Ger.) H. BalfoorJ, ‘248 Second st. 

Alexandria Bay— F. H. Hamilton. 
Amsterdam— W. H. Prell, 40 Greene st. 
Auburn — E. B. Koou, 116 Franklin st. 
Batavia— Gebherd Wassink, 19 Sever place. 
Binghampton — B. W. Taylor, 13 Exchange. 
“ —(Mill) p:. P. Safford, 21 
Rutherford st. 

Bronx — Secretary of District Council, E. S. 
Odell, o70 E. 164th st. 

Brooklyn — Secretary of District Council, 
J. MacDonald, 4‘22 4th ave. 

“ —Otto Zeibig, 1432 De Kalb ave. 
“ —(Ger. Cab. Mkrs.) A. Gleiforst, 
18 Ellery st. 

“ —Edw. Tobin, 502 Schenk ave.. 
Sub. Sta. 43. 

“ — M. J. Casey, 85 Newell st. 

*• —Martin Pearson, 368 Miller ave. 

“ W. F. Bost wick, 333 Roebling st. 
“ — C. D. Monroe, 42 St. Mark ave. 

“ — M. Spence, 5M2 Madison st. 

“ (Ger.) Rich. Kiihnel, 65 Myrtle 
ave.. Evergreen, Iv. I. 

“ — S. E. Elliott, 1295 St Mark’save. 

“ —Win. Carroll, 792 Bergen st. 

“ _F. Brandt. J161 5th st. 

" — H. B. Paterson, '21‘2 58d st. 

Buffalo — Secretary of District Council, 
Miles ijttle, 17 Poley st. 

•' — W. H. Wreggitt, 81 Edward st. 

“ — (Mill)A. Graupner, 75 Marshall. 

“ _(Ger.) E. Ulrich, 38 Roetzer st. 

“ — E. O. Y^okom, 19 Ferguson ave. 

“ — J. H. Myers, S3 I.andon st. 

Canandaigua— I*'. J. Fairbaim. 
Carthage— John Reed. 

Clayton— Charles Pierce. 

Cohoes — A. VanAmam, ‘22 George st. 
College Point — G. A. Pickel, 5th ave. and 
11th st. 

Dkpew’ — E. T. Waudell. 

Dunkirk— N. J. Grass, 170 King st. 

Far Rocka WAY— Fred. Bazin, Cedarhurst. 
Fishkill-on-Hudson— John F. O’Brien- 
Flushing — M. Kennedy, 138 New st. 
Geneva — W.W. Dadson, 26 Hollenbeck ave. 
Glen Falls— Chas. Taylor, 8 Charlotte st. 
Irvington— A. H. Smith. Box 187. 

ISLIP, L. I. — F. E. Woodhull, Bay Shore. 
Ithaca— E. A. Whiting, 108 Auburn st. 
Ja.mestown — Jno. Hanlon, 20 So. Main st. 
Kingsbridge — John P'orsbay, 8(M Union 
ave.. New York City. 

Kingston — E. C. Peterson, ‘207 Smith ave. 
Little Falls— T. R. Mangan. 142 W. Mon- 
roe st. 

Lockport — W. A. Plant, 225 Lincoln ave. 
Long Isla.nd City— J. Kessler, 5 Bee Bee av. 
Mt. Vernon — A. Hutchinson, 16 South st. 

“ J. Beardsley, SI So. High. 

Newburg — ^John Templeton, 159 Renwick. 
New Rochelle — ^J. Thompson, 37 Grove av. 
Newtow'N, L.I. — Peter A. Anderson, Box 18, 
Corona, N. Y. 

NEW' York— Secretary of Executive Coun- 
cil, George Slatteiy, 1209 First ave. 
NEW' York— Sec. of District Council. D. F. 
Featherstou, Poplar st.W’estchestcr. 
“ J. J. Hewett, 303 E. l‘2*2d, care Lawler. 
“ ( FPr Layers) C. G. Johnson , 327 E. 33d. 
“ T. Coleman, 788 6th ave. 

“ (Jewish) J. Goldfarb, 330 E. 9Ist st. 

“ (Ger. Cab. Mkrs.) S.Kuehl, 224 Istave. 
“ D. Vanderbeek. 1518 W. l»kl st. 

** (Ger.) R. Mews, 160 Eagle st., E. D. 

“ Thos. Forrestal, 1494 Lexington ave. 

“ T. J. Breslin, 3360 Park ave. 

“ (Scan.) O. Wallin 24 W. 118th st. 

*' (Ger.) V. Sauter, (367 Courtland ave. 

“ James McGuire, 223 Delancey st. 

“ Wm. Trotter, 358 W. 48th st. 

“ Wm. E. P. Schwartz, 29 Fulton ave, 

* Astoria, L. I. 

** Christian Winter, 3178 Park ave. 

“ (Ger.) John Huber. 2(0 E. 10th .st. 

“ Emil, 155 E. 96th st. 

“ (Ger.) John H. Borrs, 535 E. 87th st. 

“ (Fr. Can.) G. Menard, 218 E. 74th st. 

“ Charles Camp, 223 W. 148th st. 

“ (Ger. Millwright and Millers), Henry 
Maak, 357 Linden st., Brooklyn. 
Niagara Falls— F. M. Perry, 530 23d st. 
North Tonawanda — C. Pohzehl, Box 909. 
Nyack — R. F“. Wool, Box 493. 

Oneonta — C. W. Burnside, Walling ave. 
Peekskill— T. J. Gallagher, ‘25 Williarasst. 
Portchester— S. Stephanson, Box 150. 
Poughkeepsie— F. Quartermau, Box 3*2. 
Queens Co. — S ec. of Dist. Council, M. 

Murphy, Box 236, Far Rockaway. 
Rochester— H.M. Fletcher, 71 Champlain. 
“ (Ger.) T. Kraft, 20 Joiner st. 

" J. Buehrle, 30 Buchan Park. 

Sayville, L. I.— E. Townsend. 
Schenectady’ — C. N. Kalafaut, 827 Strong, 
Staten Island— Sec. Dist. Council, J. W. 

Sheehan, 174 Broadway, W. New Brighton 
Port Richmond — J. Keenan, 2:38 Jersey st.. 
New Brighton. 

Stapleton — P. J. Klee, Box 555. 
Steinwav, L. I.— F. B. Merritt. 

Syracuse — Sec. Dist. Council, D.C. Parke, 
537 Renwick ave. 

“ (Cier.) H. W«M-ner, 201 Row-land st. 
“ E. E. Battey, 617 E. Genesee st. 

“ Charles Silvemail, 6*26 Vine st. 
Troy— J. G. Wilson, Box 65. 

Tuxedo — T.Hopkinson,Box22Suffem,N.Y. 
Utica — W. A. Williams, 43 Grove place. 
Watertown — Robt. Parham, 65 Stone st. 
Westchester — F.Vanderpool, Blondell av 
Whitesboro— David S. Williams, Jr. 
Whitestone — George Belton, Box 8. 
Williams Bridge— A. D. Drake. 
Woodside, L. I.— Louis Villhauer. 
Yonkers — E. C. Hulse, 47 Maple st. 

“ F. M. Tallmadge, ‘216 Elm st. 


:384. Ashville — G. C. Lumlcy, 51 Blanton st. 


S4. Akron— B. F. Eliert. 428 E. Buchtel ave. 

17. Bellairb — ('». W. Curtis. '36J38 Harrison st. 
170. Bridgeport — B. F. Cunningham. 

ISO. Byesville— O. L. Saver. 



2 . 














101 . 

















Cambridge— J. N. McCartney, 221 N 3d st. 
Canton— C. A. Riramel, 525 N. McKinley 

Cincinnati — Sec. of Dist. Council, B. *Bol- 
mer, 3446 Burnett ave. 

“ J. H. Meyer, 23 Mercer st. 

“ (Ger.) A. Weise, 969 Gest st. 

“ (Mill) H. Brinkworth, 1315 

Spring st. 

“ A. Berger, 4229 Fergus st. 

“ D. J. Jones, 2228 Kenton .st., 

Station D. 

“ J. Lang, Box 301, Carthage. 

“ J. P. IvUckey, ‘2127 Bloom st. 

Cleveland— Sec. Dist. Council, J. M. 

Bowers, 167 Waring st. 

“ H. L. Lepole, 18 Poe ave. 

“ J. H. Koehler, 188 Marcy ave. 

" (Bohem.) V.Plechaty, 45 Jewett. 

“ (Ger.) T. Weihrich, 16 Parker st. 
“ k^er.) C.Weltziu, 162 P3. View ave. 
Columbus- A. C. Welch, 1127 Highland st. 

“ H. A. (ioddard, 273 N. 17th st. 

Dayton — John Wehrick, :306 Linden st. 

“ (Ger.) J. Wirth, ‘2:34 Hawker st. 

E. Liverpool— A. P. Cop^ 

E. Palestine — G. H. Alcorn. 

Hamilton — Arthur Sims,7‘29 Shillate st. 
Lima— D. E. Speer, 114 E. Second st. 
Lockland— C. E. Hertel. 

Marietta— J. O. Smith, 510 Charles st. 
Painsville — J. McConnell, 131 Fober st. 
Pomeroy— E. D. Will. 

Portsmouth— C. Thoman, 1 10 Campbell a v. 
Steubenville — G. E. Simeral, 101 S. 5th. 
Tiffin— R. S. Dysinger, Hedges st. 
Toledo— M. Tenvilhger, 1:32:3 Waite ave. 

“ (Geri) W. Morlock, 1203 Page st. 
Youngstown — W. S. Stoyer, 914 Vernon st. 
Zanesville — F, Kappes, Central ave., 10th 


Oklahoma — C. E. Ballard, Box 131. 


50. Portland — David Henderson . Box 548. 


465. Ardmore — S. Waters, Haverford. 

211. Allegheny City— J. A. Robertson, 91 Boyle. 
2:37. “ — (Gr.) A. Weizmau, 66 Troy Hill rd. 

135. Allentown— N. Dalton, 1019 Chestnut st. 
‘246. Beaver Falls— A. Burry, Box 611, New 

4(M). Bethlehem— I. M. Swinker, 412 Broadway, 
S. Bethlehem. 

1‘24. Bradford— T. C. Graham, J59 Hillside av. 
500. Butler — W. Foster, 312 N. Bluff st. 

‘207. Chester— Eber S. Rigby. 3i6 E. Fifth st. 
:3‘21. CONNELLSY'ILLE— R. I,. Hauiiau, ‘2*2:3 North 
Pittsburgh st. 

239. Easton — Frank P. Horn, 914 Butler st. 

421. Elwood— M. Houk. 

409. Erie — A. C. Henton, 460 E. I7th. 

463. Frankford — Geo, A. Harper, 4350 Paul st. 
122. Germantown— J. E. Martin. 126 p;. Duval. 
462. Greensburg— J. H. B. Rowe, 2:3(> Concord. 
298. Hanover — Charles W. Unger. 

‘287. Harrisburg— W. Bohner, ‘222 Peffer st. 

129. Hazleton — Wm. Kimmel, 118 S. Laurel st. 
288. Homestead — Edwin Rowe, Jr., L. Box 527. 
208. Lancaster— E. O. Wilier. 814 Chester st. 

414. Nanticoke — Freeman Thomas. 

415. Mt. Jewett— T homas B. White. 

206, New Castle— W. E. Kramer, 9 I,ee ave. 
333. New Kensington— J. H. Moser, Box 168, 

262. Peckville— J ohn L. Purdy. 

Philadelphia— Sec. Dis. Council, John 
Watson, 2618 Jasper st., Sta. K. 
8. “ —Peter McLaughlin, 2f^3 Vine st. 

227. “ — (Kensington) John Watson, 2618 

Jasper st., Station K. 

238. “ —(Ger.) Joseph Oyen, 814 N. Fourth. 

277. *' —Elmer G. Ii^wiu, 2016 Columbia av. 

359. “ —(Mill) F. Schroy, 1603G’t’n ave. 

Pittsburg— Sec. of Dis. Council, Alfred 
Madden, Warren st., E. E. 
142. “ — H. G. Schomaker, 1:302 Sherman ave., 


164. “ —(Ger.) P. Geek, 9 Lookout Alley. 

16,5. “ — (E. E.) H. A. Hoeftinan, 6331 

Shakespeare st, 

202. " — G. W. McCausland, 60:i8 Hoeveler st.. 

East End. 

2:30. “ — W. J. Richey, 1601 Carson st. 

254, “ —J, M. Richard, 159 Mayflower st. 

jjg5 “ _A. Patton, 254 Castor st. 

402. “ —(Ger.) R. Sinuerl, 131% 12th st., S. S. 

401, PiTTSTON— W. P*. Watkins, VO Oak St, 

150. Plymouth— Thos. H. Smith, Box 1148. 

492. Reading— A. Grove, 909 Mulberry st. 

145. Sayre— P\ J. Holeuback. 

663. Scranton -Geo. Phillips, 820 Cedar ave. 
484. S. Scranton— (Gr.) P). Schmidt, 620 Birch. 
37. Shamokin — Joseph p;rdman,244 S. 7th st. 
288. Sharon— S. S. Cairey, 50 Elm st. 

757. Taylor— Geo. Wicks, Box 45. 

3^5. Vandegrift— J. Giiihcr. 

248. WEissPORT — Darid Snyder. 

93. Wilkes-Barre— J. B. Emery, 76 Moyallcn 
102. “ — A. H. Ayers, 63 Penn st. 

4:30. WILKINSBURG— F, M. Beaty. 

191. York— I. I. Snydeuen, 801 N. West st. 


176. Newport— J. J. Gallagher, 495 Spring s(. 
:342. Pawtucket- J. B. Parquet, Box 18.3, Valley 

01. Providence— Axel M. Russen, 97 Gallup. 
217. Westerly— F. E. Saunders, 47 Granite st. 


469. Aiken- L. P). Palmer. 

52. Charleston— (Col.) J. Pinckney, 36 H st. 
159. “ —Henry Oliver, Jr., Ray st. 

69. Columbia— (Col.) C. A. Thompson, 1523 E. 
Taylor st. 

110. “ — J. P. Westburn, 111.*’. Jervey st. 

,376. Georgetown— R. A. Sand.s. 

372. I.angley— S. C. Holman. 

452. Sumpter— J. W. David. 


197. Lead City— W. E. McGimans, Box 794. 


301. Chattanooga— J. Millsops, Orange Grove. 
‘259. Jackson— J. O. K. Williamson, 15 d Hatton. 
225. Knoxville— E. P^. Houghton, 5:3 E. Brook- 
side st. 

Memphis— Dis. Council, O. W. Williams, 
102 Dupree st. 

152. Memphis— (Col.) R. J. Pope, :340 Dunlap st. 
219. “ — Chas. Miller, 148 Davis ave. 

:394. “ — J. E. Wright, 82 Manassas st, 

850. Nashville — J. W. Bridges, 707 Joseph ave. 


300. Austin— J. A. Cawfield, 95 W’aller. 

39*2. Beaumont — H. Marble, Box ‘2:36. 

185. Cleburne— J. R. Rogers, 711 W. W^ardville 
731. Corsicana— J. N. Thomas, 750 W. 2d ave. 
198. Dallas— William Watkins, Box 299. 

:37J . Denison — W.W. Neighbour, 1315 W. Gandy. 
339. P'ort Worth— j. M. Kenderline, Ft, Worth 
Planing Mill. 

506. Gainesville— E. E. O’Barr. 

Galveston— Sec. of Dis. Council, H. Dev- 
lin, Jr., 1001 Broadway. 

526. “ — J. E. Proctor, 2924 Ave. 

611. • “ — (Gr.) Ferd. Dittinaiin, 17th st., 

bet. O and sts. 

114. Houston— W. Morris, 2010 Rusk ave. 

460. San Antonio — (Ger.) ly. Fischer, I-19 Lum- 
brana si. 

717. “ —A. G. Wietzel, 135 Centre st. 

622. WACt) — A. E. Widmer, Labor Hall. 


450. Ogden — R ichard Treseder, ‘222S Grant ave. 
184. Salt I^ake City’ — A. Tracy, 976 Liberty ave. 


481. Barre— D. A. Cook, Circle st. 

263. St, Albans — D. R. Beeman, ‘214 S. Main st. 


456. Danville— J. W. Keeton. 529 Cabell st. 

40:3. LYNCHBURG- K. L. Daniel. 

373. NEW' port News— P. R. Shell, 150 18th. 

396. “ — J. F. P^dwards,217 ‘29lh st. 

881. Norfolk— H. W. Allen, 497 P^. Main st. 

397. Petersburg— J, PC, Bamer, 431 Miller st. 
447. Portsmouth— L. W. G. Scorey,706 High .st. 
388. Richmond— D. A. Lacy, 128 S. Fourth st. 


181. Seattle— Geo. W. Boyce, Olympic Block, 
West and Virginia sts. 

98. Spokane— J. A. Auderberg, 19*29 Gardner av 
470. Tacoma— J. W. Boyle. 


4:35. Chester— R. A. Finley, Mercer. 

286. Clarksburg— J. W. Stealey. 

428. Fairmount — W. R, Hickman, 4'28 Benona 
avenue. - 

3. Wheeling— A. L. Bau«?!', 1619 Jacob st. 


688. Green Bay— A. Jacobson, 1*219 Cherry. 

161. Kenosha— F. Shirley, 458 Bond .st. 

290. Lake Geneva— W. H. Ularzolf. 

314. Madison— Carl Gniendlor, 423 W. Mifflin st 
Milwaukee — Secretary of Dist. Council, 
Herman Schultz, 1519 Chambers st. 
80. " — (Gr.) J. Dettmau, 1069 Maiden Lane 

71. “ — (Millwkrs.) F. Garbes, 62Mstst. 

188. “ — Aug. J. Hagen, 781 .S^lth ut. 

29*2. S. Milwaukee— Henry Von Hatten. 

.30*2. “ (Gr.) A. Behrniann, 1515 Che.stiuit. 

•228. “ (Gr.)John Bettendorf, 766 7th ave. 

522. " (Gr.) Chas. Runge, 1419 Garfield av. 

252. Oshkosh — Casper Fluor, 117 Grove st. 

91. Racine— M. G. King, 1517 Phillins ave. 

657. Sheboygan — Fred. Eckhardt, 1902 N. 9th st 
IU4. Waukesha— A. Kimball, 104 E. Broadway. 


267. Diamondville— H. C.Toppiiig. Kemmercr. 

The Scranton Schools.. 

The rapid growth and remarkable popu- 
larity of schools of correspondence prove 
that this new system of education meets 
a distinct want. Starting about ten years 
ago with a .single course in mining, the 
International Correspondence Schools of 
Scranton, Pa., have developed .so rapidly 
that they now teach by mail over seventy 
courses and have over 1 30,000 students on 
their rolls. of the students are 
residents of this country and Canada, but 
the schools have a large following in 
foreign lands. Students in twenty of the 
Mexican States are enrolled in the 
schools, and almost as many Kuropean 
countries are represented. That no 
country is too remote to be renched by 
the correspondence .school is shown by 
the records of .students in South Africa, 
Australia, Tasmania, Siam and Korea, 
who are successfully educating them- 
selves through the courses of the Inter- 
national Correspondence Schools. 

A NEAT monthly magiizine has recently 
been issued in Boston by the Boot ami 
Shoe Workers’ National Union. 

An official trade organ has been estab- 
lished by the broommakers at Galesburg, 
111 . _ 

Patronize our advertisers, and be sure 
and .say that you are a reader of The 
Carpenter. This is fair to those who 
offer their wares through the medium of 
this pjiper and to those who purchase 


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WITH 62 cuTTcna. 

The rUn# U Nickel Plated ; the St Cutter« are 
drinnged in four acparaie caae« ; and the entire 
outSc Ü packed in a neat Wooden Boa. 


Made as Ordered 

Special Weights 

W# rospoctfully ask that oar foods bo apoctflod 

[ If your furnace it unaaiitfaciory 
*• why worry ? ** Have one pot 
in that ia guaranteed to five 
• aatlafaction. The 



Give GREAT HEAT and require 

than any other makes They 
bnrii IVaCoal also other kinds 
orcoal.andall its Kases, and are 
the most economical for the 
housekeeper. There are thou- 
sands in use in Philadelphia 
homes They are aold by 
dealers generally and may tie 
aeeii in operation at the 
Balldera* Exchaage, 18 H. 7th St. 

Sen 1 your Dame to the makcri 
.^ncnri Cf\ Ptilmdalphim 

/enson wo.g yurt 

Baifäio^ M F. 

Brawn Iiatail ... $ 

Black " . . . 1 

3raan " ... 1 

Yallow " . . . 1 

White ** . - . 1 

Farfactlon (12 yaara old) - 2 


Huey & Christ 


1209 Market Street 

' PHIl ■ 'tei-PHIA, PA 

Ä:-/. , 'T. 


















MAN? T t 1 E. 


THE 4 T itifriWUftllB Bl ^ SB 

PRINCIPLES 1 Ifcjaa^llllHlIBil 1 

made nliiiBiilHk 

G«t jour deolrr to buj tbooip fuodo— htMl do !l fur Ih** Mklng tod jou'll holp tho ThlON « 
wr'll 0‘nd juu t«p« mroiur#. «amptei tnd aril mooauromroi Monk, wlik § dalmj g 
Kuaaia leaüior pocket a**moranduia hook freo. 


l*ho firm that U makinf l*MON MAMi: ( loChiDf popular. 

Combines all the Valuable Features 
of the “LANE ST.AND.-IRD " mW\ the 
Ask your Dealer for LANE HANGERS, 
and send to us for Catalogue. We have 
other gofds that will Interest you. 

Lane Brothers Company 

422"54 Prospect Street 

The Atha Tool Co 


Makers of Highest Grade Hammers 

Best Material Best Shape Best Finish 

Ajyi^Ni/i/i aa/^ ii/i;»^iU 9 • M • I 

c4NCH0R ‘BRAND -^r 


Cheap, Practical and Useful 

Modkkn Caki'K-ntry am> BrileMNf*. Syl- 

▼Mlor SI 

Thk Hrii.itKH'a GrihK ani> Estimatok'h 

Frick lk>oK. Hodgaori ! 

THK HTKKL HcjttAHK, ANI> HnW TO UnK. It. . 1 

PSACTK AL Carpkntry. lfodga«)n 1 

BTAiR-BuiiePiNo Madr Eahy. Ilodgaon . . I 
Hand Eailinu Madk Eamy 1 


Addraaa F. J. McGl IKE, 

Bof 8H4, FbÜadalphla, Fa. 




Unequaled for Simplicity, Certainty 

Quickness and Power in Action 

Ifada up with Stacl Mortlaa liOcks. SUal Sliding Door 
Locks, Front Do r Looks, Columkia Locks, Bua^ 
win Plo-Tumblsr Locks. 

Tasted to 400 Pound« and Pally Warranted 
Approvad by Phlladaipbln Plra Undnrwrltera Aaaodatlon 


RNicKRaaocRRR ICR ca 
OROaOR ▼. CRR 880 N CO. 




PRNM 8 T 1 .VANU R. R. CO. 




I »niiilv' Journal for Carpontor'^, Si iir RuilJcrs, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries, 

OL. XX. -No. 4 
stablished 1881 



sston” Saws and Files 



WE manufacture 
our own steel and 
are therefore able 
to watch the quality 
closer than any 
other saw maker. 

Write for our 
Booklet ** Practical 
Hints to Mechan- 
ics ” on the Saw, 
how* to choose it 
and how to keep it 
in order. 

HENRY DISSTON & SONS, Inc., Philadelphia., Pa 





A / Jf' ynpK 

Says the Worlds Fair Award 



Next Month Look fo; 
our R. R. Apron 

Tools 1 JO CtoocI WorL 

India Oil Stones 

W. S. Thomson 

Solid milUd, Sash. Door. Bllad. 



1 Worcester, Mass. 

I J Stum H I'viMi anil Cli-ar r.raim-<l throti>>lio«U. 

EVERT STONE Great Slrenj^lli of Material. A<la|)t.ibility to all rc<iiiirt*d 

kiiiiarkulilc Ciiltin^: fjuahlies. 

The Pike Mnmtfact tiring Co., sou: .u:k.\ts 

eih’ii STATION, N. II. N. 1 *. Oßiev, 151 ChumherH St. 

Pike’s Lily White Washita 


^ ^ ^ Impurts • line ed^e I'ul up in two Rrxdtt 

^ io«r«e-grit. hard me- 

«hethorhar«lor soft. and guaranteed to giwt 
abaolute aatiafaction. the same »tone if 
^ made in g alipf and all s|»ecial shapes. 

All leading hardware dealers. 
g,nd for I»ooklri on the subject of •'Oil 
Stones. How to Sei ict ani* Vsn TMtn.* 
^ ^ '* ifflnr 1 1 Containing a desiripiH»n t.f the oil stones on 


Bud. Costtft ffd qrooot Cittm 


K«at. Htralfhi. Tarletj. Momldlaf aa4 Cat* 
tan af enry faaerlptioa aa4 8taal 
Cattar UaM IMu 

418-420 W. 27th. St. NEW YORK 

an Ord«r« kr aiiU AMm ««4 *• 

a Sworn Circulation of THE CARPENTER, 

Best Advertising Medium for Tool Manufacturers, 
W’ood Working Machinery, Hardware, Li’uiber and 
Building Materials. Also of Special Advantage to 
Contractors, Architects and Business Men. 





iiM*fiil I«* .ill m« « ii.iim N, i .iiM-nt»!*' • ’El - 
iLilly. *Uul \»r\ '^flLlil. • .»L IM 

. .irTKil in !ht' \ts* poi krt i nt ^ l^^*• 
ihinis .n’ Ask \<»*ir'lvN »»• 

ill*. ill I lor IT .in* -»rt It I'i.iiE* tin 
stamp »»t r. lirais Ä Cl». Tot hntln-riu* 
tonn.itiou .I»!' 'f i >> 

R. BkAIS cS: CO 

■<0 l.inJuN Street. Cle\ eland, Ohio. 

PRICE - - - 25 CENTS. 



95 Chambers Street 
M£W YtIkK 

Chaplin's Patent Planes 

r4»rruffatHl Fftc« or Smooth Par« 

Check^^red Rnbb^r Handles er Enameled 
Wmid Handles 


ItMl lifted Tough Toapor. Solid Tuclod BoUUr. Ewj K« 1 Porulo. Flatod haadloo. 

V i>r«l{Fn 


is given all arouml when the Innr 
is trimmed with Sargent’s hardwar 
The Architect is jtleased hecanse 1 
specified it; the owner is jileas* 
each time he looks at the trim min;. they add so inncli to tl 
heant}’ of the lioiue, and evervhod 
is jilea.sed with the wtirking of .'^a 
gent’s Easy Sjiring Locks. 

Moikcr.Hof Artintic If arrlwarc* ;iml Fini’ I.i * 
New York, N, Y. anil New Haven, (*onii. 


ia mac! ri^ht here in Philadelphia and ia aaci 
everywhere by wise people- It ia 


and it la the heat furnace becanae it K^vra more 
heat to the aquare inch than any other hitttnrr 

construction tendera 
thia poaaible. 

**Hlota aboMt Hiatlno"* 

will interest and help yon. 

It ia Frkk 

ia also made in Phila* 
delphia. It ia 


made in a^ven sixes and every conceivable ftyle. It 
has been known to Philadelphia housekeepers for the 
past veara as the very beat ranf^e. 

The At C range fills the bill for a small com- 
pact, inexpensive range. Pull i^eacriptioo sent free 
upon request. 


1801 North Fourth Street Philadelphia 

l 31 « pmm m. w. v»r«M«s». 


New No. 2'j Vertical Sinjjle 'spindle an»l 
Di?ik Zander. 

Will be found to possess many 
Advantagesand Conveniences. 

. . PanienUu s for thr Askn/i^ . 

“A Money Saver" 

J. A. FAY &, CO. 

514 to 534 W. Front St. 




rarpenter «ud riuiUlfr« withoat ateani fK>wer oaa 
sucoft^fuIlT compete with the Lrgenhope by 
u?«iDg our New Lal»or SaviiiK .Mnrbioery. 

Send for CtUafOjfue A. 

StdJ on Trial. 

* St. Seneca Fatli, K. V.S. A 

21 §4 ater St. 


In Material, In Finish, In Cutting Qualities 

Warranted the Best 



Umo« CARPENTERS, attention I % 

Tha Mlf IJliol MADE Hand, Back, and Panel Sawi, maanfiietBred 
la tke Halted Slatea, are made by 

E. C. Atkins & Go., Indianapolis, Ind. 

See the follewlof, from Carpeaters’ L'nioDM: 

T# ikm Cmrp^mtmrm of iba United Stmtem mad Canadm t 

We hereby certify that the Saws nmde bv R. C. Atkins* 

Ce , of Indlaoapolla, Ind., are strictly UNION MADB GOODS, 

Md are firat.clasa la quality. 

Wo are Instmcted to slcn this certificate by our reeeectlve 



Femidant CarpanUrt Union A«i. Sv, Indianopotu, Ind. 

O. Q. BMOOK, . 

AwtJra/ Ctr/M^W« U»i»n Ai* tit, /nätamm^n, lad. 

Pv 'TkU »fm— U iMld for bj Saw Mahars* Valoa 

Ma. It •* laUlaaaaalU. lad. 



40 t> to 42 o W. Front Street^ CINCINN TI, Q 



ji > ^ (.l.ASSI-.S (» f)Ri- 

... We 


... Corres ponJcfu 

The New Cjbl .» 


Architect UP- 

A rclHl*^ t'lrnl ftp ' A ^ 
Hi* am. F ’e^ iru *« .\i ,r,* 

leal : 1 I V il *r I % t g 

r.nirln*«>rif)ic . I* r a g , 
hu r r ry it.a ; ( I ».fv 

PlulXildnc. •• 

H h o r t It a D vl ; K n » . e ti 

Over 30 Cvur%t, 

Wr hseu h«lp«*>1 IhnQsantld fo j. rt« 

tf»i| eqifort**« h- n.| ft.r fr«« cir*'ui»r«, 

I .’I# I in mUich y«»u srr intwrra'« i 

TUI l»ts«t«i|iia*|. I w IliMiLS, 

lUs loan. a«raal«a. I*a. 


A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 

VOL. XX.— No. 4. I 
Established 1881. j 


I Fifty Cents Per Year. 
( Single Copies, 5 Cts- 

Houston, Texas. — All is well. Local 
1 1 4 has over 200 members. Our 
Others are hustling here and our ranks 
steadily increasing. 

I^INTon, Iiid. — Ixjcal Union 487 was 
^^ganized recently, but w'e have not been 
slow to act. We have now about fifty 
^embers in good standing and they are 
at work. 

Haston, Pa.— vSince fall Union No. 
lias done excellent work in strength- 
its ranks. By the end of this 
*^ionth we will have doubled our meni- 
^rship in six months. 

Indianapolis, Ind. — Things vseem to 
^ going along smoothly here at present, 
niuch work just now, but prospects 
good. Local Union 281 is admitting 
members at every meeting. 

SUMTpR, S. C.— Our union is still in- 
^^sing iji membership, and we liave a 
l^^od many applications on hand for con- 
®^^leration. We are determined to make 
^^cal 452 the strongest in this section. 
-» »«« - 

Hrs moinks, Iowa. — The Mill-mens’ 

*^ion, No. 425 ispro.spering. Our mem- 
^rsliip is steadily increasing. Fully 
names on the roll at present. The 



We held a fair here last 


Scranton, Pa. — We have succeeded in 
converting quite a number of outsiders 
to the principles of unionism and our 
ranks have been considerably augmented. 
Union 208 is in a very excellent con- 
dition, and our members are all zealous 
workers in the cause. 

Lawrence, Kan. — Brother Cattermull 
visited us last month. We held a public 
meeting at the Court House in the even- 
ing and there was a large attendance. 
Much good will result. Brother Catter- 
niull made a stirring .speech which was 
w’ell received. 

owners readily recognize our organi- 

Halve.STon, Texas.— Local Union 526 
its last meeting made a donation of 
Chicago strike fund, and $10 to 
boom and Textile Union of Augusta, 
New members coming to us re- 

Atlanta, Ga.— We are still able to 
^uk^ a favorable report as to the con- 
^^tion of the Unions here. This city is 
ahiiost entirely unionized, and the 
^ucxl Work is being carried on all along 

Savrr, Pa.. 

and after hard work on the part 

our members, we realized $75.00 clear 
striving to keep Local 
^'oii 145 to the front, and we are confi- 
^*^t of success. 

*^A2leton, Pa. — Although organized 

^ short time Local Union 1 29 is healthy 
the nearly every carpenter in 

V being a member. All our meni- 
^ are actively interested in the success 

- > »>«« 

N. Y. — Nearly all the 
^l^iners in this city are enrolled as 

^ers of Local Union 278. This in- 

the shopmen. Nearly 100 mem- 
Everything is moving along 

Erip:, Pa. — On the roll of Local Union 
409 we hav6 now one hundred members. 
This is not a bad showing for a young 
organization .such as ours is. The mem- 
bers are all earnest workers in the cause, 
and we hope soon to have every carpenter 
ill PMe in our ranks. 

— >» > «« 

Wkissport, Pa. — Although you have 
not recently heard from Local Union 248 
through the columns of Tup: Carpkntpir, 
w'e are alive and hustling here. The roll 
of members is being added to at nearly 
every meeting and the outlook for a first 
class union is most favorable and encourag- 

- »»«« ■ 

Lo.s Angeles, Cal. — We have nearly 
one hundred members enrolled and Union 
426 is still increasing in numbers. All 
our members are active workers and are 
determined to convert every non-union 
carpenter to the principles of organiza- 
tion. The pro.spects for the future are 
very encouraging. 

Np:w Orleans, La. — Things are look- 
ing up for the carpenters’ organization. 
Most alive unions in this city. Getting 
more members steadily. A Building 
Trades’ Council lias been organized here, 
and it proposes to introduce measures in 
the next legislature for the advancement 
of the cause of labor. 

Toledo, Ohio. — We are holding open 
meetings similar to of last winter. 
At the meeting held recently Mayor Jones 
delivered a very interesting and instruc- 
tive address. We are striving hard to in- 
duce the outsiders to join Local Union 25, 
and we believe our membership will be 
doubled in the near future. 

Plainfield, N. J.— Union 155 is regu- 
larly adding to its list of members. We 
are now working under encouraging con- 
ditions, and the brothers are all actively 
intere.sted in the welfare of the Union. 
Nothing is being neglected to bring 
everyone of the outsiders within the fold 
of our organization. 

New Rochelle, N. Y.— Local Union 
42 meets every Monday night and the 
interest of our members in the work of 
the organization is shown by the attend- 

ance which averages 80 or 90. There is a 
splendid future for our Union, and we 
are determined to make it the strongest 
and best in the entire district. 

Corsicana, Texas. — We intend to 
thoroughly organize this town before we 
stop. The organizing of the Painters and 
other building trades will be helpful to 
us. The are in sympathy with 
our movement and employ none but 
union men. We hope to send along a 
favorable account of ourselves in the very 
near future. 

Buffalo, N. Y. — Carpenters should 
stay away from this city for the special 
reason that to be able to work on the Pan 
American buildings they must be citizens 
of the United States, a resident of Buffalo 
for one year and be registered witli the 
Pan American Company. Outside of the 
Pan American buildings there is very 
little doing. 

- > » »«« — 

Louisville, Ky.— The membership 
roll of Local Union 103 is growing. Ten 
new members at last week’s meeting and 
nearly a .score of applications. By May 
1st every practical carpenter in the city 
will be with us. ' Our members are arrang- 
ing for an excursion to Fern Grove in 
June. They are working very hard to 
make the outing a complete success. 

Dallas, Texas. — We are moving along 
in good .shape, and Local Union 198 is 
adding to its membership at every meet- 
ing. In about three weeks we initiated 
42 new members, and have a big batch 
of applications on hand. A Building 
Trades’ Council has been organized and 
all trades are affiliated except tlie brick- 

Portsmouth, Va.— We have appointed 
a committee for the purpose of meeting 
the contractors in joint session weekly so 
that both bodies may work harmoniously 
togetlier. The prospects are that by the 
first of May every contractor in the city 
will have only union men employed. 
Local Union 447 is going along all right 
and the members are all interested in its 

- »»«« 

Winnipeg, Man.— The Union Car- 
jienters here held their annual reunion 
last week in Trades Hall. Both the 
Amalgamated and the members of Local 
Union 343 with their wives and daughters, 
put in a very enjoyable evening. An 
excellent musical programme was pro- 
vided, and then there was dancing. Re- 
freshments were ser\’ed during the 

Sparta, 111. — All the carpenters in 
town, with one .solitary exception, are en- 
rolled in Local Union 479. We have 
establi.shed tlie nine-hour day and 25 
cents per hour. The members are fitting 
up a comfortable and attractive little hall. 
Our ranks are filled with the best kind of 

material, the brothers are actively inter- 
ested, and there is every reason to believe 
our organization will be a great success. 
The contractors and men are in perfect 
accord with each other. 

Saginaw, Mich. — Last month the 
members of Local Union 334 gave a .social 
entertainment to a large number of their 
friends. The hall was crowded with 
union men and west side business men. 
A. F. Eynon of the mill workers gav^ an 
intere.sting acklre.s.s appropriate to the 
occasion. The affair was a complete .suc- 
cess. A large building is .soon to be 
erected. It wdll be the largest in the 
city, and will be a strictly union job as 
authorized by the Building Commission. 

Providence, R. I.-^Last month we 
held two big mass meetings here with 
excellent results. Applications for mem- 
ship are coming in steadily. All the 
different trades are intere.sted in the 
eight-hour movement. Brother Shields 
has been with us and has done splendid 
work among our craft during his stay. 
The members of Local Union 94 are grate- 
ful to Brother Shields and Brother Ross- 
ley for their valuable co-operation in 
organizing the caq>enters of Providence. 

Portland, Ore. — The treatment of 
the meir at work at Fort Stephens is 
in direct violation of the F'ederal law. 
They are required to work nine and a 
half hours per day. The government es- 
tablished a boarding place and bunk 
house, and although the food furni.shed 
was poor and insufficient the men were 
charged $4 per week for it. The bunks 
were rough and uncomfortable, being 
arranged in tiers above each other. Each 
man provided his own bedding. The pay 
is $2.25 to $2.75 per day and seven days 
in the week. The attention of the gov- 
ernment has been called to the existing 

Norwalk, Conn.— The ninth anni- 
versary of Local Union 746 was observed 
last week. A large delegation of the mem- 
bers of the union and their friends were 
present. During the evening there was an 
interesting address upon trade unionism by 
State Organizer John J. O’Neil of Bridge- 
port. Remarks upon the same line were 
made by James Reeves, of the Bridgei)ort 
Union; John A. Bagley, Third Vice-Presi- 
dent of tlie International Polishers’ Union, 
and John Daley of New York City. An 
excellent musical programme w’as ren- 
dered. At the close of the entertainment 
refreshments and cigars were served. The 
event was one of the most enjoyable in 
the history of the organization. There 
was a large gathering at the Atheiueuin 
on the evening of the 2nd inst., to hear 
Brother (»eorge ( jaillard speak upon the 
benefits of tratle unionism to the carpen- 
ter and joiner. The speech was both in- 
teresting and instructive, and was listened 
to attentively by our members and the 
others who were present. 




4 . 

Forty New Unions Chartered During 
the Past Month. 

Donations From Local Unions to 
Locked-out Chicago Carpenters. 

511. Roswell, N. M. 

512. Valdosta, Ga. (Col.) 

514. Fernie, B. C., Can. 

513. Ivindenliurst, L. I. 

517. Portland. Me. 

518. Charleston, 111. 

519. East Rutherford, N, J. 

520. Atlanta, Ga. (Col.) 

523. Sedalia, Mo. 

524. Nelson, B. C., Can. 

525. Coshocton, Ohio. 

527. Brunswick, Ga. (Col.) 

528. Republic, Wash.’ 

529. Greenwood, B. C., Can. 

530. Hendersonville, N. C. 

531. St. Petersburg, Fla. 

532. Elmira, N. Y. 

533. Jeffersonville, Ind. 

535. Meridian, Miss, 

53b. Baker City, Ore. 

537. Rahway, N. J. 

538. Concord, N. H. 

539. Little Rock, Ark. 

549. Waltham, Mass. 

541. Washington, Pa. 

^42. Hornellsville, N. Y. 

543. Mainaroneck, N. Yt 

544. I$1 Paso, Tex. 

545. Kane, Pa. 

546. Olean, N. Y. 

548. Massena, N. Y. 

549. Chester, 111. 

550. Oakland, Cal. (Mill.) 

551. Athens, Ga. 

552. Americus, Ga. (Col.) 

553. Waterloo, Ont. 

555. Temple, Texas. 

556. Meadville, Pa. 

557. Toledo,- Ohio. 

558. Charlotte, N. C. 

Local Unions not Having List of 
Officers on File at the 

Union No. 




Union No. 362 

t < 



1 ( 



< < 






























1 i 





i i 

















t ( 













1 1 



1 1 








1 1 
























1 i 

( I 














1 I 






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Thf. conditions which surround the 
work of seamen under the German flag 
are probably the best of any in tlie world. 
At tlie present time there is much activity 
among tlie German seamen’s unions. By 
improving the condition of her seamen 
Germany makes the service attractive to 
more men each year. There are other 
ways to build up a merchant marine tlian 
by ship subsidies. 

Chicago, March 27, IIKX). 

Brother McGuire; 

The following is a full list of amounts received 
from various unions in answer to our appeal for 
financial aid: 

I^cal Union No. 160, E. St. Louis, 111. 



“ 698, Newpoit, Ky. 


“ 478, New York 



“ -1 10, Buffalo, N. Y. 



“ 93, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. . 



“ l.'M, Montreal, Canada . 



J* 11, Cleveland, Ohio 




“ 547, Cripple Creek, Colo. 




“ 65, Denver, Col. 



“ 482, Jersey City, N. J. . 



“ 42, New Rochelle, N.Y. 


4 4 

“ 250, Lake Forest, 111 



“ 291, Brooklyn, N. Y. 


“ 87, St. Paul, Minn . . 


“ 247, Brooklyn N. Y. 


“ 140, Columbia, S. C . 


“ 493, Mount Vernon, N.Y. 


“ 308, Detroit, Mich 



“ 19, Detroit, Mich 



“ 368, Clayton, N. Y 


“ 599, Hammond, Ind . 



“ 168, Toledo, Ohio . 



“ 14, Cleveland, Ohio 



“ 61, Columbus, Ohio 



“ 309, New York 



“ 265, Hacken.sack, N, J. 




“ 715, New York 



“ 294, E. Palestine, Ohio 



“ 148, Newark, N. J 



“ 272, Chicago Heights 




“ 179, Rochester, N. Y 



“ 9, Buffalo, N. Y. 


“ 388, Richmond, Va 



“ 100, Muskegon, Mich. 




173, Muuising, Mich . . 



“ 518, New York City 



“ 716, Zantsville, Ohiö 



“ 245, Cambridge, Ohio . 


“ 29.3, Canton, 111 




“ JM6, Dayton, Ohio . . . 



“ 145, Sayre, Pa . 




“ 257, St. Louis, Mo . 



32J , Connellsville, Pa 




“ .314, Madison, Wis. 




“ 73, St. Louis, Mo . 




“ 184, .Salt I.ake City 



“ 196, Portchester, N. Y. 




“ 216, Toirington, Conn. 




“ .310, Binghanipton, N. Y. 



“ 47, St. Loufk, Mo. 




“ 317, Atlanta, Ga 



• 4 

“ 258, Brooklyn, N. Y . 



“ 495, Streator, 111. 



“ 2.55, Rat Portage, Out, 



“ 290, Lake Geneva.. 




“ 72, Rochester, N. Y. . 



“ 375, New York 



“ 237, Allegheny, Pa. . . 




** 132, Buffalo, N. Y. . . . 



*• 726, Yonkers, N. Y. . . 




“ 427, Omaha, Neb. . . . 



“ 652, Elmwood, Ind . . . 



“ 77, Portchester, N. Y. . 



“ 91, Racine, Wis 



“ 365, Marion, Ind 



“ 522, Milwaukee, Wis. . . 




“ 4:i3, Belleville, III. 




“ 1.50, Retail Clerks, Cripple 





“ 20:1, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 



“ 657, Sheboygan, Wis. , . 


“ 205, Terre Haute, Ind, . 


Grand total to date 1205.45 

Fraternally yours 

Thos. Neale, 

Seer eta ry- Treasurer. 

Chicago, April 5, lUOO: 

The following is an additional list of amounts 
received in answer to our appeal, since March 

Local Union No. San Francisco . . . 10.00 

“ 276, Oklahoma, O. T. . . 10.00 

“ 678, Dubuque, Iowa . . . 5.00 

“ 381, Brooklyn, N. Y. . . 5.00 

“ 185, Cleburne, Texas 5.00 

“ 32, Brooklyn, N. Y. . . 10.00 

“ 226, Traverse City, Mich, 10.00 
“ 174, Joliet, 111. ...... 10.00 

“ 177, vSpringfield, Mass. . 10.00 

“ :X|9, New York .... ;X).00 

“ 213, Hartford City, Ind. 1.00 

“ 100, Brooklyn, N. Y. . . 50.00 

25, Toledo, Ohio . . 10.00 

“ 387, A.storia, N. Y. 5.00 

" 4.57, Wakefield, N. Y. . 50.00 

“ 155, Plainfield, N. J. ,5.00 

“ 361, Duluth, Minn. 25.00 

“ 8, Philadelphia, Pa. 50,00 

Milwaukee Dist. Council 26.00 
“ 46, Sault St. Marie 5.00 

“ 461, Highwood, 111. . . 2.00 

“ 277, Philadelphia, Pa. 5.00 

“ 30», New York, N. Y. 100.00 

“ J»0, Washington, D. C. 5.00 

“ 63, Bloomington, 111. . 5.00 

** 348, Waterville, Me. . 5,00 

Local Union No. 7, Minneapolis, Minn. 25.00 

“ “ “ 286, Great Falls, Mont. . 50.00 

“ “ “ 124, Bradford, Pa. . 5.00 

“ “ “ 4JK), Passiac, N. J. ... 6.50 

“ “ “ 227, Philadelphia, Pa- 10.00 

“ “ “ 283, Augusta, Ga. 5.00 

“ “ “ 452, Sumter, S. C. 5.00 

“ “ “ 112, Butte, Mont. 25.00 

“ “ “ 3Ü8, Lewiston, Idaho. 10.00 

“ “ " :^4, Memphis, Tenn. 15.00 

Canton Trades Assembly 5,00 

Grand total 1810.95 
Tho.s. Neale, 

Seer eta ry- Treasu rer. ^ 

Places where Work is Dull. 

Owing to local trade movements, sus- 
pension of building operations and other 
causes, carpenters and joiners are re- 
quested to stay away from the following 
places : 

Birmingham, Ala.; Colorado Springs, 
Col.; Cripple Creek, Col.; Denver, Col.; 
Victor, Col.; Bloomington, 111., Canton, 
111.; Lincoln, 111.; Alpena. Mich,; Minn- 
eapolis, Minn.; Kansas City, Mo.; St. 
Louis, Mo.; Butte, Mont.; Helena, Mont.; 
Omaha, Neb.; New Orange, N. J.; Buf- 
falo, N. Y.; Oklahoma City, O. T.; vSeran- 
ton, Pa.; Taylor, Pa.; Seattle, ; 
Cleburn, Tex.; Los Angeles, Cal.; A.she- 
ville, N C.; Cedar Rapids, la.; Charles- 
ton, S. C.; Wilkes Barre, Pa.; Savanah, 
Ga.; Corsicana, Tex.; Pueblo, Col.; lola, 
Kan.; Philadelphia, Pa.; Chicago, 111.; 
Mobile, Ala.; vSalt Lake City, Utah.; Lima, 
O.; Austin, Tex.; the Upper Peninsula 
of Michigan. ; Binghanipton, N.Y.; New- 
ton, Mass.;, Lawrence,; Joplin, Mo.; 
Columbus, Ga.; Quincy, 111.; Keno.sha, 
Wis.; Southern California.; Trenton, N. J.; 
Milwaukee, Wis.; Long Branch, N. J. ; 
Cleveland, O.; Dallas, Texas.; Easton, 
Pa.; Macon, Ga.; Marion, Ind.; Bridge- 
port, Conn.; Atlantic City, N. J.; Rat 
Portage, Ont. ; Florence, Colo. ; Hartford 
City, Ind. 

For An Eight-Hour Day. 

President Goinpers, of the Federation of 
Labor, made an extended argument before 
the House Committee on Labor last week 
in support of the proposed eight-hour law. 
Mr. Gompers said the movement liad 
secured a great measure of success in the 
States and municipalities and it was de- 
sired to have the Government recognize 
it by the enactment ot the present meas- 
ure, Through some mysterious means, 
he said, the words “ upon public works ” 
were put into the Federal Eight-hour 
law of 1892, thus confining it to narrow 
limits and robbing it of the value that its 
advocates expected. The present bill 
was, he said, the result of five years of 
thought, study and effort. He urged 
that the reduction of the hours of labor 
was demanded by every interest of the 
Government, which should be as much 
concerned in the physical and mental 
strength of the workingmen as in the 
tensile strength of the steel and armor 
furnished to it. Mr. Gompers also pre- 
sented a number of letters and statements 
showing the widespread interest of the 
labor circles in the subject. 

Thk oflBcial report of the government 
insj>ector of factories for Coburg-Gotha 
gives the details as to the labor of children 
under the age of fourteen years engaged 
in their homes making buttons, toys, etc. 
It appears that in this district 5,455 such 
children are employed. They work from 
four alld one-quarter to six hours per day, 
and earn in button-making from 2 to 6 
cents. In making dolls they earn from 
3 to 1 8 cents, while on toy work they earn 
from 2 to 14 cents per day. 

Wants Trusts Controlled. 

Representative Jenkins, of Wisconsin» 
who is second in rank on the House sub- 
committee on Trusts, has introduced ^ 
proposed amendment to the CoiLstitution, 
giving Congress control of all private cor- 
porations, co-partnership and joint stock 
companies in the United States, and also 
giving Congress power “to define, regU' 
late, control, prohibit, repress and dis- 
solve all trusts and monopolies and com- 
binations or con.spiracy in form of trust 
or otherwise, or conspiracy in restraint 
of trade or commerce.” 

Il is also provided that in the absence 
of legislation by Congress the several 
States shall be free to act. 

Plumbers’ Combination Declared 

A di.spatch from Indianapolis, Ind*» 
.states that in a decision by the Super*®*^ 
Court, rendered on the 4th inst., it 
held that the plumbers’ combination 
contrary to law. The act of the Legmi^' 
ture of 1899, which makes it unlawful to 
form certain combinations, is held to 

It was alleged in the complaint by tb^ 
plaintiff company that it had contract^ 
to fill, and on account of the combination 
of master plumbers it could not jnirclms® 
supplies in Indianapolis, and was coni' 
pelled to go outside, where it paid ^ 
higher price than was prevailing in tlm^ 
city. It is alleged by plumbers, who arc 
not members of the association, tlm^^ 
there has been an effort to prevent them 
from doing business. 

Municipal Ownership. 

A manufacturer and official of Glasgow» 
Scotland, while visiting in this country ^ 
few weeks ago, said to a reporter for ^ 
leading Chicago daily : 

Municipal ownership in Glasgow 
been tried and in no sense found wanting* 
It has increased our water and gas facih 
ties, cheapened the price and helped tu 
in.spire in the community civic pride an 
virtue. Municipal ownership furnishes 
us gas at forty-two or forty-three cents s 
thousand feet; it gives us w'ater at the 
rate of one penny in the pound, whereat 
formerly the rate was about one shiHh^^ 
in the pound. Our Council elects unr 
Lord Provost, and it is elected by popn^^^ 
vote. In it sit secretaries of labor uiiion^ 
and owners of shipyards. It represents a 
classes. It is absolutely clean — ^we have 
no jobs. The success of municipal owns** 
ship in Glasgow is dependent upon thu 

interest of everybody in our city. 


that ownership rests really upon the 
telligence and honesty of the great clasa 
of respectable workingmen. They 
mand clean government, and they gut * ' 
Municipal ownership is made possible tu 
every borough and district in Grua 
Britain by a law of Parliament. 
law, however, does not allow a district uf 
a town to play the dog in the manger- 
the people want municipal or distm 
ownership, they can liave it; but if thw 
do not wish to undertake it, they caiinu 
then bar private companies from P 
forming such functions. 

There is no doubt at all in the mind u^ 
any well-informed man, that the idea 

municipal ownership of municipal nionup 
olies, is a growing thing in Great 
and in the United States. There ha^ 
been rapid progress in tliat direction 
England, Scotland, Ireland and Wa 
And the policy of municipal ownership 
unque.stionably being more and ^ 
favorably regarded in the United Sta 
and Canada. — The Tradesman* 




Trade Movements for Better 


Boston, Mass. — The carpenters of this 
will demand the eight-hour day and 
^ore pay on May Kst. 

^Ena, Ark. — We have the nine-hour 
now and a minimum wage rate of 
^2.00. I^ocal Union 366 is flourishing. 

-» » « « - 

^or^UMBUs, Ga. — The prospects are 
bright for securing the nine-hour day 
'Without any friction with the bosses. 

^A.ST Boston, Mass. — The organized 
^rpenters here have now got the eight- 
Boiir work day and a standard rate of 
$2.50 per day. 

B-Oswicrj^, N. M. — The new union is 
growing rapidly. We have already made 
^Bis a nine-hour town, and have made a’ 
^^eniand for $3.25 per day. 

Grkkn wrcH, Conn. — The building con- 
^*‘actors have signed the eight-hour scale 
the building trades, thus ending the 
strike which began on the 2d inst. 
-»»> «« - 

^Ouisvii,i^K, Ky. — On May 1st the 
^ocal unions of this city will enforce the 
hour rule rigidly and a minimum 
^■ate of wages of 25 cents per hour. 

WiNNiBKG, Man. — At a joint meeting 
the Amalgamated and Local Union 343 
Was unanimously decided to demand 
cents per hour and the nine-hour 


^Hrstf.r, W. Va. — Union No. 435 has 
^opted trade rules to go into effect May 
^st; nine hours per day, eight hours Sat- 
'^rclay. Wages $2.75 per day and fore- 
men $3.00. 

^an Matko, Cal.— We have succeeded 
securing the $3.50 rate per day. Local 
^*hon 162 is being heartily congratulated 
the thorough manner in which it is 

^Mstkrdam, N. Y. — The demands of 
^^cal Union No 6 are for an increase of 
cents per day and the nine-hour day. 
splendid prospects for the success of the 
Movement on May 1st. 

PTTiTMWA, Iowa. — The carpenters of 
city liave made a demand for the 
^ine-hour day and a wage rate of $2.50 per 
All the contractors have agreed to 
reduction in hours. 

^EStkri.y, R. I.— The strike in this 
is off. We liave carried the day for 
J'hie hours and the same pay we received 
ten honrs. The membership of Local 
*iion 217 is increasing. 



Youngstown, Ohio. — Local Union 171 

^öade a demand upon the bosses for 

increase of 25 cents per day over last 
year’s wages and the nine-hour day. The 
''nion is well organized. 


^Ai.vRSTON, Texas. — The eight-hour 
y and 40 cents per hour to be enforced 
the 1st of May, are the main points 
JJ^^luded in our demands matle on the 
Wilders and contractors here. 

- - 

Easton, Pa. — The new scale of wages 
into effect on the 2nd inst. Nine 
^^rday and 28 cents jier hour. Local 
. *^ion 239 liad no trouble with the bosses 
i^Hnging about the desired result. 

Burungton, la. — The demands of 
Local Union 534 are for the nine-hour 
day, minimum rate of 22 cents per hour 
and overtime to be paid for as time and a 
half. There is no trouble expected- 

SoMERVirxK, N. J. — At our last meet- 
ing a committee was appointed to inter- 
view the contractors and ask for an ad- 
vance of 25 cents per day, and they are 
all willing to concede this on May 1st. 

- »»«« - 

Indianapolis, Ind. — The strike of the 
union carpenters in this city has been 
settled. The scale agreed upon is 30 
cents per hour, the eight-hour day and 
the absolute recognition of union labor. 

Knoxville, Tenn. — Local Union 225 
proposes to make a movement for an ad- 
vance in wages and a reduction of the 
hours of labor on the bst of May. The 
membership is increasing in numbers. 

Aiken, vS. C. — Through the influence 
of Local Union 469 the carpenters of this 
city have secured a 12>^ percent, increase 
in wages. Another demonstration of the 
influence of organized conservative effort. 

Joplin, Mo. — Our trade movement on 
2nd inst. was successful and we now liave 
the nine hours and $2.50 per day. Local 
Union 31 1 is moving upward and onward. 
All our members ai*e at work for the new 

St. Albans, Vt. — The union carpen- 
ters and millmen on the the 1st of May 
will demand the 'nine-hour day, a mini- 
mum rate of 20 cents per hour and over- 
time to be paid for at the rate of 30 cents 
per hour. 

— »» «V<— 

Hazleton, Pa. — A demand has been 
made on all the contractors by Local 
Union 129 for $2.25 per day of nine hours, 
to take effect on May 1st. Many of the 
bosses are in favor of granting the de- 

PhiIwUielphia, Pa. — The propositions 
submitted to the wooil-working mills of 
this city are nine hours to constitute a 
day’s work, no reduction in wages and 
that all shops be unionized on and after 
May 1st. 

-» » w< 

Brooklyn, N. Y. — The local unions of 
the Kings County District Council have 
advised the contractors that on and after 
May 1st the standard rate of wages .shall 
be 45 cents per hour and a half holiday 
on Saturday. 

»»«« • 

New Haven, Conn. — The agreement 
submitted by Local Union 79 to the con- 
tractors and builders of tliis city stipu- 
lates for the eight-hour day, a minimum 
rate of $2.50 per day and none but union ' 
men to be employed. 

Newton, Mass. — We have arranged to 
hold a series of public meetings here to 
aid us in our movement for the eight-hour 
day, and judging by the encouragement 
received, we believe the course will be 
completely successful. 


Kingston, N. Y. — This is now an 
eight-hour city. Nearly all the contrac- 
tors .signed the agreement, which w’ent 
into effect on April 1st. We have gained 
a decided victory, and it will encourage 
those outside to join Local Union 251. 

MonTCLAIRE, N. J.— The Master Car- 
penters have offered tlie eight-hour day 
and $2.75, the standard rate of wages, to 
take effect on May 1st. Local Union 429 
held a meeting to consider the proposal 
and finally agreed to accept tlie terms. 

Springfield, Mass — Unions 96 and 
1 77 have effected an agreement wdth the 
contractors here gi*anting the eight- hour 
day at the old rate of wages, and the con- 
tractors to hire none but union men. The 
new schedule to commence on the 1st of 

New York, N. Y. — We have won the 
big fight in tlie Bronx for better wages, 
lialf holiday on Saturday and weekly 
pa\Tnents. All our good union mills 
have signed the agreement with us. By 
May bst, we expect everything will be in 
a flourishing condition. 


Watertown, N. Y. — The carpenters 
of this city have decided to make a stand 
for the nine-hour day, a minimum rate of 
wages, $2.25 per day, and the shopmen 
12^ per cent, increase over last year. 
The change to take effect on May Istv 

Atlant.a, Ga. — The District Council of 
Carpenters and Joiners will, on May 1st, 
demand the eight-hour workday. There 
are several government building opera- 
tions under way, and as they will be 
eight-hour jobs we ajiprehend no diffi- 
culty ill inaugurating the new system. 

D.\llas, Texas. — So far there has been 
no opposition to our demands from the 
contractors. We have letters from some 
of tlieni approving of the eight-hour day. 
Several jobs are eight-hour now, and we 
expect to have this in operation on all 
work before May 1st. Work has not yet 
opened up for the season. 

- >» >« « - 

Hamiltqn, Out. — The Amalgamated 
Society and the members of Local Union 
1 8 have notified the contractors that both 
organizations have jointly resolved to de- 
mand 22}4 cents per hour as minimum 
rate of wages, ten hours to . constitute a 
day’s work, five hours on Saturday, to 
take effect on the 1st of May, 

Providence, R. I. — A memorial from 
the journeymen carpenters of this city 
has been sent to the contractors in- 
timating that on and after May 1st the 
standard wage would be $2.50 per day of 
eight hours. Local Union 94 is flourish- 
ing. It is believed there will be no diffi- 
culty in securing the change. 

Portland, Ore. — The prospects here 
are such as to make us think we shall 
have a good sea.son. A committee from 
Local Union 50 is now in communica- 
tion with the contractors, endeavoring to 
induce them to adopt the eight-hour day. 
Our members are all good and faithful 
workers in the cause of unionism. 

- »» « « 

Lincoln, Neb. — The agreement sub- 
mitted to the contractors of this city 
contains a demand for the nine-hour day, 
minimum daily wage $2.50, recognition 
of Union 113, overtime paid for as time 
and half, double time for Sundays and 
holidays and railroad fare when work is 
outside of city. Local Union 113 is 
numerically strong and is steadily in- 

Detroit, Mich. — We liave sixt)^-four 
fair contractors witli us and these include 
all the prominent contractors in the city. 
Wages are now 25 to 30 cents per hour. 
Nearly all the men employed by the fair 
employers are members of Local Union 
19. Our members are working hard to 
get all outsiders into our ranks and we 
have every a.ssu ranee of success. 

Buffalo, N. Y.^An agreement lias 
been reached by the Union Carpenters and 
the Contractors’ Association whereby all 
trouble has been averted. The agree- 
ment provides for an eight-hour day, 25 

cents an hour for rough work and 30 
cents an hour for finishing. Time and 
half will be paid for overtime and double 
time for Sundays and holidays. All the 
Buffalo unions are in a healthy condition. 

SCHENECT.ADV, N. Y. — Local Union 
146 has achieved wonderful success in its 
trade movements, and all redounds to the 
credit of organized labor. The demands 
were enforced on the 2nd inst., and all 
contractors, wdth one solitary exception, 
signed the 30 cents per hour scale. Our 
business agent will attend to this lone lin- 
gerer and he will be compelled to sign 
the agreement. Union 146 is flourishing. 

Pittsburg, Pa. — The agreement be- 
tween the Builders’ Association and the 
Carpenters’ District Council has been 
signed, and the planing mills have agreed 
to all our propositions, except that they 
desire a little consideration in the matter 
of w’ages and have asked to have wages 
for mill men placed at $2.75 per day of 
nine hours. Satisfactory progress has 
been made by the Pittsburg District 

Houston, Texas. — A .strike of all the 
union carpenters was ordered hereon the 
5th, and was followed by a general 
.strike on the 8th. The contractor’s .signi- 
fied their to grant the eight 
hours at $2.50 per day, but they attempted 
to compel us to .sign a contract agreeing 
to work for no one who was not a mem- 
ber of the Builders’ Exchange. The men 
feel confident of winning the fight, which 
is not expected to last long. 


Cleveland, Ohio. — We have post- 
poned our movement in this city until 
the IvSt of May. Work is very slow in 
starting this .spring. The high price of 
material and the cold weather finds us in 
a condition with comparitively few men 
at work and for tliis reason it was thought 
best to defer the time for making our 
demands. We do not anticipate any 
trouble. Our .schedule calls for 35 cents 
per hour and the eight-hour day. 

»»«« - 

Peori.v, 111.— -In efforts along the line 
of better conditions the members of Local 
Union 183 feel able to congratulate them- 
selves upon their success in establishing 
the eight-hour day for all carpenters in 
this city and vicinity. The contractors 
met the proposition with a ready response. 
Carpenters are beginning to realize tliat 
belonging to the union means something 
more than .strikes and lock-outs. The 
Union is in a healthy state at pre.seut. 

Birmingham, Ala. — It has been de- 
cided that the following scale will be 
effective from May 1st. Niue hours 
sliall constitute a day’s work, except on 
Saturdays w’hen eight hours shall be the 
rule, minimum wage for Birmingham 
and vicinity shall be 30 cents per hour, 
and for Bes.senier, P^nsley and other sub- 
urbs 25 cents per hour. It is the general 
opinion of the members of Local Union 
75 that the scale will be entirely sati.sfac- 
tory to the contractors and that no trou- 
ble will ensue. 


Cincinnati, Ohio. — The bo.s.s carpen- 
ters, contractors and builders here, have 
come to an agreement with the unions to 
establish an eight-hour day at $2.40 on 
the 1st of June. The present rule is 
nine hours at $2.50 per day. 

New Orleans, La. — The local unions 
of this city are preparing to make a de- 
mand for the eight-hour day and 30 cents 
per hour, to take effect on June 1st. 
Many of the contractors are in favor of 
he movement. 



The Carpenter. 

PHIIiADELPHIfl, flPHlIi, 1900 . 

Address to Organized Labor. 


American Federation of Labor, 

Washington, D. C., March 22, 1900. 

The Exe(^utive Council of the Ameri- 
can Federation of Labor takes this op- 
portunity of addrcvssing trade unionists 
and all organized workers with a view to 
furthering and extending the principles 
for which we .stand to every section of 
the country. The experience of the past 
proves that the steady growth of trade 
unionism brings greater relief to op- 
pressed, overworked and low-paid wage- 
earners, male and female, than any other 
form of relief hitherto advocated in their 

The work of organizing into unions the 
previously unorganized lias progressed 
more rapidly in the past two years and 
with more beneficial results than at any 
similar period in the history of the labor 
movement. The future, however, de- 
mands our attention, and in order to take 
advantage of every opportunity to better 
the condition of wage workers, it is earn- 
estly desired that officers of national, in- 
ternational and local unions give the 
greatest attention possible, not only to 
the closer organization of their own 
craft, but also to assist and encourage 
their organizers in getting into tlie ranks 
of trade unionism the unorganized of 
other branches of employment, however 
and wherever situated. 

To aid in bringing about the best results, 
we recommend that May Day (w^herever 
observed), Independence Day and Labor 
Day be set apart as .special dates for pub- 
lic meetings in every city and town, 
where public demon.strations should be 
made, at which attention be given to the 
shorter workday question, so that the 
eight-hour day can be introduced into 
every trade and calhng as the maximum 
workday throughout North America. 
Speakers who have studied the principles 
advocated by the American Federation of 
Labor should be selected for those occa- 
.sioiis, to the end tliat a uniformity of 
discussion may promote this desired re 

Requests for attention to this subject 
should be made at the same time to tlie 
press and pulpit, so that by editorial com- 
ment and sermons the w'ork of labor lect- 
urers may be made the more effective. 
The benefits of tlie shorter workday 
movement are already apparent in the 
form of more intelligent, better fed and 
better clad working men and women, and 
all reforms for which we strive are now 
receiving greater attention by the public 
than at any previous stage in the devel- 
opment of tlie labor movement. Those 
benefits have not come about through 
revolutionary action, but through an evo- 
lutionary process .sufiiciently gradual to 
give them a deep hold in our progress, and, 
therefore, so binding that retrogres.sion 
is balked. This being true, wherever 
the shorter workday is now in vogue 
makes it the more desirable tliat another 
great effort be made for a uniform re- 
duction of the working day to not over 
eight hours on any calendar day for every 
trade and calling in the United States 
and Canada. 

Other subjects of social well being 
should also be discussed at meetings held 

on the dates suggested, for although there 
is a universal demand for a uniform eight- 
hour workdky, there are other reforms of 
economic, politic, legislative and social 
nature which must be advocated and 
pushed forward .side by side with the 
eight-hour question, which organized 
labor, public speakers, preachers and 
writers can advocate at the .same time 
and in the same manner, .so that all, 
acting in concert, may produce the 
po.ssible results in the interests of the en- 
tire people of our country. 

Samuel Gompers, 

President A. F. of L. 

Frank Morrlson, 


Two Kinds of Slavery. 

Chattle slavery has existed to .some ex- 
tent, in some parts of the w'orld, ever 
.since man learned to speak. It has had 
its dark side, and, we believe, bore the 
angry frown of high heaven during its 
entire history; but if it has had its dafk 
side, it also has a side, when compared 
with modern economic slavery, which is 
as bright as the bow of promise; for 
while the owner of a cliattel slave was 
permitted to inflict corporal punishment 
and to compel him to labor during his 
entire life, the law of the land required 
that he should be provided with food and 
shelter at the of his master. The 
law, however, was superfluous to the 
average slave owner, the slave 
waspropert}',repre.sentinga certain num- 
ber of dollars, hence, the owner realized 
the importance of giving the slave treat- 
ment which was best calculated to pre- 
serve his life and vigor, just as farmers 
now preserve the lives and physical 
strength of their horses and mules. 

The relationship existing between the 
modern economic .slave and his nia.ster 
is quite different; he is rated by his 
master at so many dollars, but it is so 
many dollars a month or year, and with 
the understanding on both .sides that if 
he sickens and dies the master has not 
lost anything, as others are standing 
ready to take his place. The master is 
not required by law to supply the eco- 
nomic slave with clothing or medical 
attention in case of sickness; he must get 
them as best he can. Were he a chattle 
slave it would be different; the master 
would be compelled to employ a phy- 
sician, feed and him back to health. 
Under the present regime he is under no 
legal obligations to do so — if the slave is 
disabled for duty for six months or a year 
he becomes a charge upon the public, and 
if not looked after by charitable persons, 
he is liable to starve and die. Another 
difference between the two kinds of 
slavery is, under chattle slavery the slave 
could not leave his master, even if he 
wished to, and under economic slavery 
he cannot stay if he wishes to without his 
master’s consent. There are two features 
of slavery, however, which remain the 
same in all places and under all ciruc in- 

First, the .slaves always outnumber 
their masters. 

Second, their own apathy and indiffer- 
ence is the obstacle in the way 
of their emancipation. 

This is why the .slave owners, or driv 
ers, wish to keep slaves in ignorance. 
Ignorance is the mother of apathy. The 
ignorant slave, like the swine, eats its 
course swill and falls asleep as content- 
edly as though he were getting a full 
share of the protlucts of its labor, while 
in reality he gets only a small part of it, 
his master taking the lion’s share. Thus 
has it been in every age and in every 
clime, the ignorant knave, like the Jester 
in Ivanhoe,” asking only for the privi- 
lege of being a rich man’s fool. 

It is true, chattle slaves were in such a 
position that they were to 
bring about their own emancipation, or 
to materially better their condition, be- 
cause they were kept in darkest ignor- 
ance and were denied the use of weapons, 
either for offensive or defen.sive purposes. 
This was true of the black slaves, and 
also of white .slaves, wherever they were in 
bondage; .so it is not .so strange that they 
submitted so tamely. We have no .such 
excuses to offer for the modern, economic, 
willing slave; he has the power and the 
opportunity to throw off the shackles in- 
stantly, if he chooses to go about it in a 
sensible way. The only weapon needed 
is his voice, backed up by .self-respect, 
determination and a will to be free. The 
masters are all bound together by .strong 
ties; their organizations are called 
‘ ‘ tru.sts, ” “ pools, ’ ’ etc. The .slaves have 
only to do likewise — to follow their ex- 
amples in order to secure freedom from 
the grasp of their masters, who system- 
atically rob them through unjust eco- 
nomic laws. The slaves organization 
(his emancipator) can properly be called 
unioni.sni. — Exchange. 

The Idaho Outrage. 

Lest we forget : The Coeur D’ Alene 

mining investigation is in be- 
fore the House Committee on Military 
Affairs. Out of tlie mass of testimony 
presented showing a condition of affairs 
that would be a disgrace to Siberia, let 
alone a free country, a few points may be 
mentioned to give an. idea of what was 
done to citizens of the United States. 

First — There is ample testimony from 
men of good reputation and in no way in 
sympathy with the miners, that Govl 
Steunenberg declared martial law and 
asserted that tliere was an insurrection 
when there has been no resistance to 
civil authority. Every indignity put 
upon the prisoners of the bull pen is 
heightened by the fact that they were 
being tortured by the military author- 
ities who themselves were creating a .state 
of lawlessness and anarchy. 

Second — United States colored troops 
under Gen. Merriam and his subordin- 
ates made wholesale arrests of men 
in no way connected with the mining 

Third — That innocent citizens arrested 
without warrant, charged witli no crime, 
denied counsel and trial, were confined 
in the bull pen for months. When one 
listens to the testimony of these men as 
to the treatment they received the 
wonder is that they can control them- 
selves sufficiently to speak calmly of such 

The indignities of the bull pen are 
simply unprintable. Only a faint sug- 
gestion can be made of the treatment 
given these men. They were imprisoned 
for months, fed on putrid food, forced to 
perform loath.some tasks at the point of 
the bayonet, obliged to sleep on bare 
planks and at the same time endure the 
mental torture of knowing that their 
babies were probably suffering for food on 
the outside. 

All this would be barbaric if applied to 
men who were guilty of some crime. 
These prisoners were innocent. The real 
perpetrators of the crime of blowing up 
the Bunker Hill and Sullivan mines have 

Inquisitions were held to force men to 
confess crime of which they were not 
guilty. One man was threatened with 
hanging if he refused to declare himself 
guilty. The torture of the inquisition 
drove him insane. In his delirium he 
escaped from restraint, ran into a stream 
of water, was pursued and shot by the 


gualttb Mind you this happe ned^ 
Ida^' last ^sul^^ Spain m the 

middle ages and the days of the inquisi* 

But why go further? An editor had 
his paper confiscated last summer, though 
he had given all the news and w'ithout 
.special of the martial authorities. 
He was told he could re.sunie publication 
if he 'would uphold the condition of 
anarchy brought about by the application 
of martial law, and it would be made to 
his financial interest to do so. 

A man cannot even seek oportunity fo^^ 
employment in those mines he has 
the “ ironclad ” permit issued by militaiT 

Martial law is still in operation in th^ 
Coeur D’ Alene district. If the authori- 
ties want to try a man and transfer him 
to the penitentiary, the civil courts are m 
operation. If a man wants to right his 
grievances the courts are closed. 

The statements made above are the 
re.sult of the personal attendance of the 
writer at hearings of the committee» 
and conver.sations with men who have 
been victims of outrages. Much 
more might be said if there was space. 

It is apparent on the face of matters 
that Gov. Steunenberg overstepped his 

It is also clear that he received the 
prompt and cordial support of the Unite 
States military authorities. It doesn t 
matter .so much just what connivance 
there was between civil and militaO 
authority. The question is, what 
behind this? Why were the rights o 
citizen.ship ignored? For what purpos® 
were men confined in the bull pen ? 
is martial law still in force in Idaho 
Why are men refused the right to wor 
except under Gen. Merriam ’s permis-siotj 

There is no doubt but the whole aff®^ 
was a conspiracy on the part of certam 
interests controlling the mines, to so bu 
doze the miners of Idaho that they wouh 
never dare again to organize a union 
assert their rights to fair conditions ^ 
labor. There is every indication that the 
Standard Oil interests control these 
— though it is not likely to be brough 

out in this investigation. 


The reason why this investigation m 
such importance is that the Idaho ca^ 
is simply an example of what may 
done elsewhere if the abuses are ^ 



properly resented. If a man can 
prived of his rights in Idaho it can 
done elsewhere. 

If trust interests can enlist both ci'^^ 
and military authorities to do the 
of coercion in Idaho they can do it 
where that wage workers resent the 
of compulsory servitude on the tei^ 
dictated by their trust masters.-^ 
McDonald Vales/t in CigarniCL^^ 

A Worker’s Hymn. 

If there be f^ood in that I wroug:ht, 

Thy hand compelled it, Ma.ster, thine; 
Where I have failed to meet Thy though^ 

I know, through Thee, the blame is mi®^’ 
One instant’s toil to Thee denied 
Stands all eternity’s offense, 

Of that I did with Thee to guide, 

To Thee, through Thee, be excellence. 
Who, lest all thought of Eden fade, 
Bring’st Eden to the craftsman’s brain. 
Godlike to muse o’er his own trade 
And manlike stand with God again. 

The depth and dream of my desire. 

The bitter paths wherein I stray. 

Thou k newest who has made the fire, 
Thou knowest who has made the clay- 
One stone the more swings to her place 
In that dread temple of Thy Worth, 

It is enough that through Thy grace 
I saw naught common on Thy earth. 
Take not that vision from my ken; 

O, whatsoe’er may spoil or speed. 

Help me to need no aid from men 
That 1 may help such men as need. 



The Eight-Hour Day. 

late Henry Fawcett, who for many 
years occupied the chair of political 
economy in the University of Cambridge, 
England, once said : 

‘‘There is nothing perhaps more to be 
^^gretted than the fact that extraordinary 
Commercial prosperity and an unpre- 
cedented accumulation of wealth have 
hitherto done so little to shorten the 
Workingman’s hours of labor. It is un- 
reasonable to expect that the mortal 
^l^alities in man’s nature can be duly de- 
veloped if life is passed in one unvarying 
round of monotonous work. We are con- 
stantly being reminded of the ennobling 
and elevating influence produced by con- 
templating the beauties of nature *by 
reflecting upon the marvels which science 
Enfolds, and by studying the triumphs of 
®rt and literature. Yet no inconsiderable 
portion of the toiling masses are reared in 
such ignorance and surrounded from 
^^rly childhood to old age by so much 
Sflualor and misery that life could be to 
them scarcely more dreary or depreSvSing 
there were no literature, no science, 
^ud no art. and if nature had no beauties 
^0 unfold. The undue length of time 
which men have been accustomed to work 
^opresents, so far as many branches of in- 
dustry are concerned, a thoroughly mis- 
^hen policy. In many instances it is 
^udeniable that men would not only get 
through more work, but would do it more 
efficiently, if they had more opportunity 
mental cultivation and for healthful 
Recreation. No small part of tlie intem- 
perance which is laid to the charge of 
borers is directly to be traced to exces- 
^'ve toil. When strength becomes ex- 
Usted and the body is overfatigued, there 
ten arises an almost uncontrollable desire 
^ resort to stimulants.” 

Why Not Organize? 

^very man who works for wages 
l^^'derstand that isolated, he is but a small 
ctor in any contest tliat may arise 
^Ween his employer and himself, but 
eii surrounded by hundreds who are 
. ^dged and willing to .support him, he 
'^titnediately feels that he is armed for any 
that may arise. 

here is no organization that pays as 
dividends on money invested as labor 
^^uizations. They cost but a pittance, 
m return they .shorten the hours of 
» hold and advance the wages of the 
R*^cr, and besides all this give him a 
^se of security, independence and man- 
. in the presence of the that is 
^rly absent when he stands alone. 

^^hs and more the union does ; it 
^tes, develops and broadens the man. 
dcl^^^ union room he meets in friendly 
^ute his fellow workers, hears tlie 
^ ^stions of the day discussed, and by it 
^^4Uires knowledge tliat is useful in all 
him. His association in the union 
course corners, banishes his 
and broadens his judgment, 
bpt teachings makes him a 

citizen in every respect, 
these advantages before men why 
^ uey hesitate to ally themselves with 
^Sanized labor? We cannot tell, but we 
f^ll ^uuestly say to all men, join your 
Workingman in organization, and 
joined, stick ! You can come in 
0 ^ ’ ^ut the day may come when yoil 
J ‘get in. 

%] ^ of organized labor is upward 
^y^^^^wrard, and its ranks are solidifying 
^ they draw closer, shoul- 

shoulder, in time the ranks might 
so readily to every laggard who 
when victory is near, 
it now, go with organized labor and 
Of tjj . ® good, and when the fruition 
Pl^ hopes is attained you will be in 
^ ^o enjoy the victory. — Exchange* 

Laws and Conditions of Labor in New 

New Zealand is not a paradise, but it is 
far ahead of every other nation. She has 
become famous during the past six years 
because of her radical labor legislation. 
Situated 1,200 miles of Aus- 
tralia, surrounded by water, it has a 
climate somewhat resembling that of 

New Zealand is as yet a sparcely settled 
country, having 104,032 square miles of 
territory, equal in size to New York and 
Pennsylvania, and with a population of 
only 800,000. The population is some- 
what cosmopolitan. New Zealand has 
been cursed with, trampism, 
millionairism, but she has been 
enough, in the seven years, to legis- 
late them out of existence. >Six or .seven 


years ago tramps were as numerous as 
they are in the United States. To-day 
they are very scarce; the few are those 
who prefer to be tramps; when they die 
the tramp will be no more in that nation. 
Time was when a few great landlords 
owned the greater part of the land, A 
land tax, graduated from two to six cents 
on the pound, with an extra two cents 
for absentee landlords, proved to be so 
heavy that most of tlie great estates were 
offered for sale. The government liad 
also enacted a graduated income tax. 
These two measures resulted in driving 
the great money lords from the nation. 
There is not to-day one millionaire and 
only one man worth a half a million in 
New Zealand. 

The land is held for actual .settlers, who 
are permitted to hold land to the value of 
|:2,500 exempt from taxation. Besides, 
the government loans to the settler f 100 
in cash, allows him a certain .sum per 
acre for clearing land; it will also provide 
him with three days’ work each week of 
eight hours per day, in building roads or 
other public improvements. This enables 
the settler to support himself and family 
until he can raise crops. The govern- 
ment is reimbursed for all this in the in- 
creased value due to an increase of popu- 
lation, re.sulting in the larger use of the 
government railroads, telegraphs, tele- 
phones, postal system, etc. While we 
here in America, with our immense crops, 
export about $\2 or less, per capita. New 
Zealand’s exports average f45 for every 
man, woman and child. 

The land tax is a tax on land value and 
also a graduated tax. The first law pa.s.sed 
in relation to land was in 1870. It pro- 
vided that not more than 320 acres could 
be sold by a land officer to any individual. 
But this did not prevent one individual 
from buying from another. Next came 
the land tax, quickly followed by the 
graduated income tax. Now, if a man’s 
land is worth less than $5,000 a certain 
rate is paid; if worth more than $5,000, 
and less than $10,000, a higher rate is 
paid, and so on. The result was that 
such men as ” ready money” Robinson, 
who had acquired one hundred thousand 
acres, had to sell ninety-nine thousand 

In 1884 an act was passed, with amend- 
ments in ’95 and *98, which is known as 
the Industrial Conciliation and Arbitra- 
tion Act. Since this law has been in 
effect with its amendments, there has 
not been a strike in New Zealand. The law 
encourages the formation of trades unions, 
which are registered. The Central Court 
of Arbitration has the power to enforce 
it’s decisions; in case of a refu.sal to obey, 
a fine up to $2,500 can be levied. This 
law was enacted organized labor 
demanded it and enforced its demands 
with their votes. 

The Factories’ Act of 1 894 provided for 
the complete inspection of all factories, 
the word factory ” meaning any place 
in which two or more people are em- 

ployed. Children under 15 years of age 
are not permitted to work in factories. 
The law compels all employers to grant a 
half holiday each week, with full pay. 
Good ventilation and sanitary conditions, 
the guarding of machinery, fire escapes, 
etc., are enforced. The half holiday also 
prevails in the stores, banks, etc. 

The Employers’ Liability Act protects 
the workers and provides for a compensa- 
tion for injury. 

The Workman’s Wages Act enables the 
workman to obtain his wages twenty-four 
hours after they are due. 

The Truck Act abolished the “pluck 
me” stores. This was enacted in 1891. 

The Workingmen’s Lieu Act, 1892, 
gives priority of claim for wages. 

The Shipping and Seaman’s Act does 
for the sailors what the Factories’ Act 
does for the workers in the factories. 

The Wages Attachment Act, passed in 
1895, prevents wages below $10 a week 
being attached for debt. 

The Coal Miners’ Act provides for work- 
ing the coal mines with health and safety 
to the miners, and prevents women and 
boys from w'orking in coal mines. 

The .ses.sion of the New Zealand 
Parliament pa.ssed the Old Age Pensions 
to all over 65 years of age, who have 
lived in the nation for 25 years and are of 
goocl character, and do not $2,700 
worth of property, or enjoy an income of 
$5 per week. The pension provides for 
$90 per year, or $180 for a couple, man 
and wife. It is thought this will l)e in- 
crea.sed at the next session. 

New Zealand built her railroads, com- 
pleting the first line in 1863. The num- 
ber of miles now in operation is about 
1.000, The building of the roads was 
done directly by tlie Nation, and the 
workers were, and still are, on .such work, 
allowed to .select their foreman. The pay 
on the railroads averages about 30 per 
cent, higher than the wages on our 
American roads; and the 6,000 railway 
hands have an 8 hour work day. You 
can ride 30 miles for ten cents, and first .service is rendered the people. The 
annual net profit of the New Zealand 
railroads averages $2,250,000. 

The government owns the telegraph 
and telephones, the rates being about 
500 per cent, less than “our” Western 
Union monoply. Both i>ay a profit. The 
workers enjoy the eight-hour work day 
and the weekly half holiday. The govern- 
ment also conducts the express business 
for the benefit of all the people. 

Postal .saving banks are a feature in 
New Zealand, and are immen.sely popular. 
Any one may depo.sit .sums up to $25,000. 
At present there is on deposit in these 
banks a sum equal to $45 for every man, 
woman and child in the Nation. There 
are no bank failures. No cashiers going 
to Canada or South America. 

The free .school system of New Zealand 
ranks high. The law compels all children 
over seven and under fourteen to attend 
school. There are free high .schools and 
universities. The railways carry alV chil- 
dren who live at a di.stance, to and from 
school free. 

Woman suffrage is enjoyed and it is the 
universal te.stimony that the women are 
equally interested wdth the men in all 
public affairs. The women poll a vote 
within 5,000 as great as that of the men. 
If any voter fails to vote, his name is 
stricken trom the check book until he can 
give a good reason for the failure. 

Government Life Insurance has also 
been established witli rates much less 
than the private companies, and has 
already become so popular that the •gov- 
ernment does more insurance 
than all the other companies combined. 

The National Government of New Zea- 
land conducts baths and a sanitarium on a 
50 acre reserve in the Rotorua district, 


where there are celebrated mineral waters. 
The rate is very low. 

New Zealand has had her trial. She 
was plunged in a costly and bloody war 
with the savage Maoria tribe that la.sted 
from 1863 to 1868. She lias had her army 
of unemployed, her strikes, her tramps, 
her paupers, and a plutocracy. She has 
pretty near got rid of them all. She has 
made sweating dens impossible; she has 
nearly emptied her jails and poor houses, 
and to-day there is less crime, less in- 
temperance, less poverty, less misery, less 
tramps, less paupers and more pro.sperity 
per capita in New Zealand than any other 
Nation in the world. New Zealand has 
not stopped progress; from now on she 
will enact more and more industrial legis- 
lation. Her people are intelligent, more 
so than any other nation. The number 
of people unable to read and write in New 
Zealand is lesö’per capita than any other 
nation. She has been wise in the past. 
She will show greater wisdom in the 
future . — Cincinnati Chronicle, 

Nobody Knows But Mother. 

Nobody knows of the work it makes 
To keep the home together; 

Nobody knows of the steps it takes, 
Nobody knows — but mother. 

Nobody listens to childish woes, 

Which kisses only smother; 

Nobody’s pained by naughty blows, 
Nobody — only mother. 

Nobody knows of the sleepless care 
Bestowed on baby brother; 

Nobody knows of the tender pray’r, 
Nobody — only mother. 

Nobody knows of the lessons taught 
Of loving one another; 

Nobody knows of the patience sought 
Nobody — only mother. 

Nobody know.s of the anxious fears 
I.,east darlings may not weather 

The storms of life in after years, 

Nobody knows — but mother. 

Nobody kneels in the throne above 
To thank the Heavenly Father 

For that sweetest gift— a mother’s love; 
Nobody can-^but mother. 

— Cardiff Western Mail. 

Benefits of Trades Unionism. 

All of the benefits derived and enjoyed 
by workingmen have been accompli.shed 
through trades unionism. If men were 
wholly and solely at the beck and bid of 
capitalism they w'ould have a sorry time 
of it. Every member of a trades union 
should give this matter serious thought. 
He should imagine himself in a position 
in which he would be compelled to take 
what his employer was willing to pay for 
his labor, and then estimate if possible 
the worth of his organization in enabling 
him to demand anything like a living 

Knowing the wortli of his trades union, 
he should exert every effort in his power 
to strengthen his organization. He 
should count up the per cent, of gain h 
is reaping from honorable membership. 
And, as he derives benefit in his own 
class, he should* extend his s^unpathy and 
exertion to the aid of those in other 
classes. If unionism is beneficial to men 
in his trade or calling, it would be cer- 
tainly beneficial to men in other trades. 
He should not confine his efforts to his 
own class, but should broaden his feeling 
of brotherly love to those of other fol- 

By helping to place others on a footing 
with himself so they, too, may enjoy the 
blessings of organization, he not only 
brings benefits to them, but makes his 
own calling more safe and sure. Let 
there be no dual authority of organiza- 
tion; let every trade unify within itself. — 
Typographical Journal 



Lessons in Practical Carpentry. 


JOINTS IN timbp;rs. 

I.T joints or surfaces brought 
in contact with each other 
for connecting the different 
parts of any wooden fram- 
ing considered apart from 
the favStenings or means employed for 
strengthening points and keeping their 
surfaces close together may according to 
Rankine’s Civil Engineerings be classed 
under one of the following heads: 

I. — Joints for lengtliening ties. 

II. — Joints for lengthening struts. 

III. — Joints for lenghtening beams. 

IV. — Joints for supporting beams on 
beams, plates and posts. 

V. — Joints for connecting struts with 

VI. — Joints for ties and braces. 

Ill designing and executing joints and 
fastenings of any kind, the workman 
should be guided by the following princi- 
ples in order to give strength and stability 
to his work. 

I — To cut the joints and arrange the 
fastenings so as to weaken the pieces of 
timber as little as possible. 

II — To place each abutting surface in 
a joint as nearly perpendicular as pos- 
sible to the pressure it has to transmit. 

III — The proportions the area of each 
part of the joint and fastenings to the 
maximum stress it has to resist. 

IV. — To form the points .so that they 
may be affected as little as possible by the 
shrinking and expanding of the wood. 

V. — To form and fit the different parts 
of each point, .so that the may be 
spread as uniformly as possible over the 
sections of the timbers and fastenings 
comjxjsing it. 

VI. — To make the work so that no part 
receives more than its proper share of 
stress. In other words to make good 
honest work, seeing tliat all .surfaces fit 
properly throughout; noting the differ- 
ence between the bearing surfaces of 
joints and those parts intended only to 
hold the timbers in their proper po.sitions. 

The bearing surfaces of any joint re- 
quire accurate fitting in order to distribute 
the stresses uniformlj', but any unnecces- 
sary finish where not required, is only 
labor thrown away. 

As a rule simple joints in carpentry 
are the best, and they are the easiest 
made and the more likely to be better and 
more accurately made than the pure 
elaborate ones, though, I am well aware 
that tliere are circumstances when more 
elaborate joints are required, and to meet 
such conditions I will endeavour to de- 
scribe a few along with the simpler joints 
in order to arm the workman so that he 
may be able to deal with a case of elabor- 
ate joint should he be confronted with 
the necessity of making one at any time. 

In cases when the bearing of a beam or 
the points between the supports are of 
considerable distance, and the strain upon 
or the pressure to which it is subjected is 
great, a combination of two or more 
beams placed side by side and securely 
fastened by both spikes, straps or by keys 
or wedges may be employed. A beam of 
this kind is called a “built up beam “ and 
is often formed by spiking a number of 
posts together until the proper dimensions 
are obtained. In preparing built up 
beams it should always be remembered 
that a timber is no stronger than its 
weakest part, and if the posts or other 
timbers used are shorter than the space 
between the bearings and it is neccessary 
to splice or butt tlie posts, tlie beams will 
not be as strong as though it was make of. 
a solid timber throughout, all things being 
equal. This is a matter that demands 

Two examples of built up timbers are 
shown at Fig. 1 the A, being formed 
of three thicknesses of stuff c. and 
which are bolted together with bolts and 
nuts ds and otherwise secured by hard 
wood keys <?, on wedges. These wedges 
do not add to the strength of the* beams 
but are chiefly intended to prevent the 
timbers from slipping along each other 
under unequal strains, .something the 

abut square against each other, and are 
connected by means of “fish-plates,“ 
either of wood or,iron, which are bolted 
to them on two sides of the timbers, and 
sometimes, though rarely, on all four 

In the plain fi.shed joint, Fig. 3, the 
fish-plates, one of which is shown of iron 
and the other of wood, have plain sur- 
faces, and the effective sectional area of the 

Fig. 1. 

bolts could not prevent. On the whole 
for personal I prefer a beam 
built up of stuff not exceeding two inches 
in thickness, well spiked together with 
wire or other wrought spikes. 

Fig. 2. 

In the illu.stration, B shows another 
combination of built-up beams, 
iron forms a .strong feature. In place of 
screw bolts flf, as shown in A, straps or 
bands of iron may be used. Where the 
strain to which a built beam is exposed 
is such as to impart a tendency to the 
parts of which it is composed to slide 
over each other, the beams are provided 
with indentations, as at tlie whole being 
secured together either by straps or .stir- 
rups of iron, a, a, or by bolts and nuts 
b. C shows the upper beam d^ the lower 
one is shown at b. 

Sometimes when the .span or distance 
between bearing points is considerable, 
the “open-built beam“ or “dwarf 
truss “ is made of. The height of 
this form of beam is generally governed 
by circumstances, and it often partakes 
more of the form of a “ trussed bridge ’ ’ 
than that of a built-up beam. Fig. 2 
shows the simplest form of this kind of 
beam or truss. There is an upper beam 
ds ds and a lower one e^ Cy which may 
either be a single stick of timber, or be a 
builtrup one, after any of the methods 
described in the foregoing, the two tim- 
bers being connected together by an 
arrangement of struts and braces, so 
placed that they will impart the strain, 
to which any one of them may be sub- 
jected, uniformly to the upper and lower 
beams which rest on the foundation sup- 
ports. The vertical pieces or struts, a, a, 
may be either single or in pairs, and the 
diagonal braces by by may have one in 
each panel or division single, and the 
other may be in pairs, the finst being 
placed in the centre of the timber, while 
the . second may be framed to pass on 
either side or it. This form of truss, 
though simple, is very useful and is em- 
ployed for may purposes. 

There is a method of joining timbers 
endwise, known as “fishing.” In a 
“fished“ joint the ends. of the timbers 

tie is only diminished to the extent of one 
bolt-hole, as may be seen by the distribu- 
tion of the bolts on the plan A, whilst the 
strength of these joints depends: First, 
on the effective sectional area of the 
plates being together equal in tensile 
strength to the effective sectional area of 
the tie. 

Second. On the sectional area of the 
bolts being sufficient on either side of 
the joint to resist .shearing, without 
placing any reliance on the frictional 
resi.stance to sliding between the surfaces 
of the and the timbers, which, 
depending as it does on the tightness of 
the bolting, is constantly varying with the 
expansion and contraction of the ma- 

In practice it is usual to take the sec- 
tional area of the bolts as equal on either 
side of the joint, to at least one-fifth the 
effective sectional area of the tie; or, in 

' P_p r-n _ 

— li- 

— a — cgi — dr 

O O A 
0 0 


other words, the safe resistance of wrought- 
iron to shearing is taken at two and a half 
times the safe tensile resistance of the 

Third. On the placing of the bolts in 
such a way and at such distances from the 
ends of the fish-plates and butting ends 
of the timbers as to prevent their drawing 
through them. With this view the .sum 
of the joint areas on both sides of the 
pieces liable to be .sheared out, whether 
in the tie or in wooden fish-plates, should, 
on either side of the joint, exceed the 
effective area of the tie in the .same pro- 
portion as the tenacity of the wood ex- 
ceeds its resi.stance to shearing in the 
direction of its fibres, viz.: in pine or 
hemlock, from sixteen to twenty times. 

Fourth. The bearing area of the bolts 
must be sufficient to prevent their cutting 
their way through either the timbers or 
the fish-plates. It is in this direction 

that fished ties are the most liable to give 





Fig. 4 

Fig. 5 

Another method of lengthening tioi' 
bers by aid of fish-plates is shown at 
4, where the bolts are .somewhat relieveo 
of the whole of the .shearing stress throwO 

upon them, by being tabledy joggi^^^ ^ 
indented into the tie, as .shown in 
iron and wood. In Fig. 5, this shearing 

■a — — tr 

: o 

i (£] 

3. is relieved or resisted by 
hard wood joggles or keys, 'vln ^ 
are tightly fitted into dadoes 
for them. The most exact workmans 
is required for this method of fisb-pin^\^^ 
or there will be a weakness in the sp ^ 
which may prove di.sastrous if the 
suffers a slight overload. 

Other methods of employing , |Q. 
plate are shown at Figs. 6, 7, 8, 9 n*' 

In Fig. 6 Uie tabling T-T, is simile 
that theme at Fig. 4, but in the 
before us the fish-plates are both 
and one of them is tabled and the n ^ 
joggled into the timbers, as shown nt » 
This makes a very .strong joint hn 
rather clumsy in appearance. At 

shows a scarfed joint which is very^^ 
and is well adapted to resist coxnp^^ ^ 
but is not well adapted to tension^^^ 
cross strain as the iron plates mig^^ 
and leave out the bolts. 



^ig. 8 shows a very common way of 
taking scarfed points. The hard wood 
is part in at right angles to the line 
joint, which is the strongest way of key- 

Wages and Civilization. 

I/Ow wages break down the self-respect 
of the laborer; they extingiiivsh the fires 
of his hope and ambition, causing him to 

vidual, but used by all as occasion called 
for its use, and can only be done on those 
terms. On any other terms people will 
be driven to accumulate private wealth 
for tliemselves; and thus, as we have seen, 
to waste the goods of the community and 
perpetuate the divivSion into classes, which 
means a continual war and waste. — Will- 
itnn Morris. 

Telegraphers Strike. 

The threatened strike of the tele- 
graphers and other station employes of 
the Southern Railway and Alabatna Great 
Southern Railway, which has been pend- 
ing for several months, came to a head at 
Atlanta, Ga., last week, when President 
Powell, of the Order of Railway Tele- 
graphers, called on the telegraphers to 
quit work. The trouble commenced 
early fall, when the telegraphers of 
each division appointed a committee to 
go before the division superintendants 
and ask a settlement of certain grievances. 

Hearings, they say were refused them, 
and an appeal was made to General 
Superintendant Barrett, at Washington, 
and later to Vice-President and General 
Manager Gannon. The officers of the 
Order state that no satisfaction was re- 
ceived from officers, and the griev- 
ances were finally taken to President 
Spencer, whose secretary said the Presi- 
dent was too ill to consider the matter at 
this time. 

President Powell says the committee- 
men selected to repre.seiit the men have 
been dismivssed to the number of more 
than twenty, and that dozens of members 
of the Order of Railway Telegraphers 
have been discliarged because of their 
membershij). He .«^ays the last com- 
munication to the officials of the company 
contained an offer to arbitrate the 
differences. The op>erators at Chatta- 
nooga, Teim., at Charleston, S. C.;and all 
those on the Alabama, Memphis, Georgia 
and Charleston Divisions are all out. 

Labor lias No Influence. 

In congress and in every legislature 
the few of the land have more influence 
on legislation than the many, and hence 
the statute books are filled with laws of 
special privileges by which the many are 
robbed for the benefit of the few. 

It seems to me to be easier for a few 
monopolies to pass a l)ill through con- 
gress donating to themselves millions 
and millions of dollars of the public 
money than it is for all the workingmen 
of America to pa« a general act making 
the favored few pay their share of the 
burdens of the government. 

Every da}^ we witness the passing of 
bills for the few, but how difficult it is to 
pass a good bill for the benefit of all. 

Take for instance, the bill making 
eight hours a legal day’s work. It has 
been in congress a number of years and 
fails to become a law. Honest labor de- 
mands the enactment of this measure. 
It is a good bill and should be pas.sed, but 
it hangs fire. In the last congress it 
passed the house, but was put to sleep in 
the senate. This year I have reintroduced 
it and will m^^ke the fight of my legisla- 
tive life to pass it ere this congressadjouriis. 

There are many other labor measures, 
such as the bill to suppress the sweat- 
shops, to abolish government by injunc- 
tion, to prevent prison made goods -from 
competing with honest labor goods and to 
pay the letter carriers decent wages, 
pending in congress that should be passed, 
but that will not be passed simply because 
labor has very little influence there. 
These bills are above criticism and are de- 
mande<l by the toilers all over tlie country, 
but their demands go unheeded and their 
petitions go into the wastebasket, while 
congress wrangles day Li and day out to 

take from the many and bestow on the 
selfish few. 

The workingmen of this country will 
never get their rights, will never remedy 
the evils that afflict the body politic and 
will never secure the reforms they de- 
mand until they assert themselves and by 
virtue of the primary and the ballot 
nominate and elect honest, .sincere and 
patriotic men to office pledged to legis- 
late for all. Congressman Sulzer at Nezv 
York Lincoln Dinner. 

The Union Label. 

The union label is the workers’ trade 
mark. The rapid development of the 
industries of this country and the great 
strides made in economics in the last de- 
cade have forced upon the minds of the 
progres.sive elements in trade unions the 
nece.ssity for the producers having a de- 
sign or trade mark to place upon the 
goods produced by them, which Carries 
with it a guarantee that such pro<lucts 
are made under fair and just conditions, 
and that a living wage is paid to those 
who produce them. The presence of the 
label testifies, too, that neither children 
nor convicts worked upon the goods. It 
thus becomes a certificate of worth, not 
from the employer, but from the employe. 

Little attention is paid by the con- 
sumer to the conditions of work and to 
the conditions of the workers in the pro- 
duction of the articles sold in the stores, 
though far more workers are employed in 
this department than in the sale of the 
manufactured goods. As the cu.stonier 
does not buy at the factory he gives no 
thought to it, and as the factory and the 
sweat shop are not open to the general 
public their defects do not immediately 
injure their business, as is likely to be 
the case with the stores. The daily pres- 
ence of customers in the stores makes it 
necessary tliat they should be clean, 
sweet smelling and wholesome, and also 
that the employes shall appear to be in 
fairly comfortable condition, but all this 
is wanting in the factories. 

The label is a help to the worker in the 
factory and shop, and at the same time 
protects the ’interests of the con.sumer. 
By purchasing label goods you unite with 
the w’orkers in their struggle to make the 
conditions under w’hich work is done 
more sanitary, the condition of the work- 
ers safer and the products of better quality. 

Theoretically the public does believe 
that workers should have a fair chance to 
live, and that human beings are not to be 
regarded as mere machines or beasts of 
burden. We all believe that it is better 
for people to help tliemselves if they am 
than to get somebody else to help them. 

The union label appears to be the only 
means of helping the workers in the fac- 
tories to help themselves. It is a mere 
business device of the American working- 
man, invented to protect himself from 
broken promises and crooked dealing in 
the business world of bargains and com- 
petition. It originated without .senti- 
ment and without consciousness of having 
anything more than the most .sordidly 
practical of But, like all sound 
business methods; it is notably well-fitted 
to help along the progress of hunuinity. 

To any one who realizes the unde rlyiiig 
significance of the trade union the practi- 
cal good of the device becomes its 
strongest claim to confidence. T1 e label 
has great possibilities, and y con- 
cerns others as well as the men who 
planned it. To these men it means .staple 
advantages in wages, hours, surroundings, 
honesty and fair competition. 

As for the buyer, on demand the 
success of labor’s work depends, its 
value to him, though less evident, is 
quite as great. He, as well as the em- 
ployer and the worker, may find positive 
advantage in using the union label. — New 

this class of joint. Another and very 

Fig. 9. 

effectual method of scarfing is shown at 
T' where iron fish-plates, bolts and 
wood keys >fe, are combined. This 
a very strong splice of the work- 
^an.ship is good. 

Fig. 10. 

^hen a beam is subjected to a trans- 
verse strain the fibres of the upper part of 
beam are compre.ssed and of the 
^ower portion di.stended, as shown in an 
exaggerated form by the dotted lines in 
10 therefore in .scarfing .such a beam 
indents in the upper or compre.ssed 
portion .should be kept .square and per- 
pendicular to the pres.sure, while those in 

Fig. 11. 

^e lower or di.stended part may be oblique 
s they have to re.sist tension only. The 
trength of the .scarf is increa.sed by 
''^lining a, .so as to have as great a thick- 
as po.ssible at a, b,. The angle b, 
^nds to hold the pieces together. 

lias been found by experiment that 
joint to resist cross .strain is stronger 
scarfed vertically through its depth 
^ in Fig. 1 1 ^ than when formed flat- 
as is often the case. 

Where great power of resistance to 
^oss strain is required, and scarfing has 
employed to lengthen the timbers 
i'o niethod shown at Fig. 1 1 will be found 
^ong the best known, having as shown 
the lines of joints vertical, and the 
*^rfing honestly performed. 

^here are a number of rules given by 
^idder, Tredgold, Barton and others, de- 
^niiig the proper lengths and distances to 
"^t .scarfs of various kinds, which it may 
^^etinie be desirable to in the 
for the guidance of its readers 
may have such work in carpentry to 
P^^^orni. There are also many other 
in timber work which I may in 
papers take up and, present in 
^'niple a fonn as possible. 

A Word to the Wise. 

^nH;nters at Duluth, Minn., are 
to put no faith in the of 
“ ilurnet and Reckord Company. This 
has a large building contract in 
^tiiiiore and they are advertising tluit 
carpenters are w'aiited in that 
^ ' They also have a contract to build 
dock at Duluth and have in- 
^^ted their foremen there to send 
carpenters they can hire. We do 
^ Wlieve tliat our Duluth lirothers can 
ea.sily im})o.sed upon. They would 
^^»mpelled to work below the union 
of wages. 

San Francisco I^^abor Council has 
against any amendment of the 
^ Exclusion act tliat will make it 
ingent than at present. 

be indifferent to his mental, social and 
moral development, and reduce him to 
the low level of making merely a struggle 
to keep himself alive. Poverty is an 
unsurmountable ob.struction to progress. 
In this country, where the governing 
power is in the hands of the laboring 
classes, such compen.sation for labor as 
will the man with the ballot in his 
hands to realize the importance and re- 
sponsibility of his position and enable 
him to qualify him.self to meet its re- 
quirements is an absolute nece.ssity. A 
blow .struck at the wages of the laborer is 
a menace the nation’s life. De.s- 
pots, with the aid of great stamling armies, 
may maintain and keep solid their op- 
pres.sive government, where poverty has 
extingui.shed the manhood of the op- 
pres.sed. But here in our country the 
common man is the highest authority. 

He .should be a manly, intelligent ruler. 
He must have a chance to earn and re- 
ceive the wages that will bring to him the 
necessary culture. — Exchange. 

The Curse of Profits. 

I feel sure that the time will come 
when people will find it difficult to be- 
lieve that a rich community .such as ours, 
having such command over external na- 
ture, could have .submitted to live such a 
mean, .shabby, dirty life as we do, And 
once for all, there is notliing in our cir- 
cumstances save the hunting of profit 
that drives iis into it. It is profit which 
draws men into enormous, unmanageable 
aggregations called towns, for instance; 
profit which crowds them up when they 
are there into quarters without gardens or 
open spaces; profits which wont. take the ordinary precautions against wrap- 
ping a whole district into a cloud of sul- 
phurous smoke; which turns beautiful 
rivers into filthy .sewers; which condemns 
all but the rich to live in houses idioti- 
cally cramped and confined at the best, 
and at the in for whose wretch- 
edness there is no name. I .say it is almost 
incredible that we should bear such gross 
.stupidity as this; nor should we if we 
could help it. We should not bear it when 
the workers get out of their heads that 
they are but an appendage to profit grind- 
ing, that the more profits that are made, 
the more employment at higher wages 
there will be for them, and that therefore 
all the incredible filth, disorder and degra- 
dation of mo<lerii civilization are signs of 
their prosperity. So far from that, they 
are signs of their slavery. When they 
are no longer slaves they will claim, as a 
matter of course, that every man and 
every family should be generou.sly lodged; 
that every child should be able to play in 
a garden close to the place his parents 
live in; that the houses .should, by their 
obvious decency and order, be ornaments 
to nature, not disfigurements of it. 

All this, of course, would mean the 
people— that is, all society— duly organ- 
ized, having in its own hands the means 
of production, to be owned by no indi- 





United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America« 

Published Monthly on the Fifteenth of each month 

Lippincott Building, 46 N. Twelfth Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa« 

P« J« McGUIRE, Editor and Publisher. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia. Pa., as 
second-class matter. 

Subscription Price Fifty cents a year. In ad- 
vance, postpaid. 

Address ail letters and money to 

P. J. McGuire, 

Box 884, Philadelphia, Pa. 


Again, “ Who is at Fault ? " 


ICRE is nothing which adds to 
more enlightenment on any 
question at issue than that 
brought about by an inter- 
change of views or opinion ; 
a discusvsion of the various points and 
bearings of any subject in controversy. 

I am reminded more directly of this by 
an article in the March number of The 
Carpenter contributed by Mr. W. H. 
Taylor of Denver, Col., with the caption 
“Who is at Fault?“ It is pleasing to 
know that the gentleman quite agrees 
with the writer upon much of what he has 
to say in a former article: — “ Keep out of 
Politics ! “ He says, howev^er, tliat he does 
not agree with the conclusions he is 
forced to draw' from the question, “ Who 
Is at Fault? “ and that the party asking 
does not answer it. It would appear that 
a lack of comprehension w'oiild force such 
conclu.sion upon the mind of my Denver 
friend, but it developes that he at least 
apprehends the parties guilty, if not 
entirely, at least in a great measure. 

It is to be hoped that all who may read 
this, may have read previously, not only 
the article — “ Keep out of Politics 1 “ but 
also, the article of the Denver gentleman, 
else they may not sufficiently understand 
wliat may be herein said. It is not 
exactly fair to clip a sentence from the 
body of an article, and belabor it with 
misinterpretation and wrong conclusions, 
and then leave the reader in the midst of 
conflicting reflections. This the Denver 
gentleman does. He quotes from our 
former article, as to who is at fault ? as 
follows : 

“ Not the succe.ssful ones, certainly. 
Not the ones who have conceived and 
carried to accomplishment the schemes 
which have given them elevation to 
power and profit. Not those who laugh to 
scorn the pitiful pleadings of the oppressed 
for relief.” 

And then asks the question, “ If these 
are not at fault for proving false to their 
trust, pray who is ? ” 

He does not give the reader the slight- 
est intimation as to who is meant by the 
ones named who are at fault, as w'as 
plainly done by the writer, 

In our article “ Keep out of Politics ! ” 
we preceded the above quotation, by 
saying : 

“ F'or the workingman, it is only by the 
exercise of his political power that he can 
ever hope for the absolute redemption 
from evils which oppress him. This can 
never be done by politics in wliat may be 
termed a partisan sense. The average 
workingman has some knowledge of 
what he may expect in that line. Repub- 

lican or Democrat, Populist or'Prohibi- 
tionist — its all the same, when it comes 
to action in his behalf. Partisan prom- 
ises go for naught. Majorities roll 
up on either sides; the whoops and hur- 
rahs signify satisfaction at the victories 
achieved; men are inducted into place 
and power; speculation, robbery and cor- 
ruption characterize the general tone of 
legislation, and administration of affairs, 
and the general mass of workingmen like 
the gilly in the hunt for snipe, are left to 
hold the bag. ’ * 

Now, this preceding the extract quoted 
by the gentleman from Denver, we should 
imagine would be answer sufficient for 
any reasonable man. 

The “successful ones,” spoken of in 
the extract liave not been, nor will they 
continue to be “successful,” by their 
own volition — of their • own choosing. 
They did not walk into position and 
power by the simple exercise of voluntary 
will. They were placed there not only by 
the consent, but by the legally expressed 
will of those who put them there. No 
one will question that they are at fault if 
they betray any trust or duty imposed 
upon them; that of course is grievous and 
is subject to direst censure ; but if 
instead of being hurled from power 
and relegated to the obscurity from 
whence they sprung, they are returned 
again and again, to a repetition of 
fonner acts of violation of confidence 
and trust; if a mass of constituents, in- 
stead of voting a disapproval of rascality 
and wrong-doing shall repeat their former 
action and return the perpetrators to a 
repetition of former action, they signify 
their emphatic approval of such conduct 
and the censure, instead of being placed 
wholly upon the few w'ho exercise and 
enjoy the treachery of their calling, 
should fall upon the authors of crime, 
already exposed, who give evidence of 
approval and sanction by an expressed 
will in the casting of a ballot favoring a 
continuance of any outrage with which 
they may be inflicted. 

There seems to be much truth in what 
might be classed as an adage — “ if a man 
fails you once in the performance of a 
trust, that’s his fault, if he fails you the 
second time, that’s your fault.” 

The gentleman’s remarks about the 
treatment of a foreman to his fellow- 
workmen is not germain to the subject 
in question; and while the writer gives 
his fullest indorsement to much tliat he 
has to say in censure of one who would 
betray a trust of any kind, he does not 
consider as fair the manner in which he 
calls up hypothetical illustrations and, by 
implication and entanglement places the 
writer in antagonism to pure and correct 
principles of which he lias striven with 
the faith of evangelism to preach for nearly 
half a century. 

There is much of vital isssue at stake 
just now, which should give the working- 
man reason to pause and reflect upon his 
duty and privilege in the exercise of the 
ballot. No man need be ignorant of con- 
ditions which confront him, and each one 
should solve for himself the problem of 
threatening crisis in the political atmos- 
phere. It is idle to say that the working- 
man is not individually interested. He ts 
interested and more so than any other class 
of our nation’s population. Imperialism, 
militarism and judicial tyranny are ques- 
tions tlie settlement of which are vital to 
his present well-being and future welfare: 
unequal taxation; combinations of wealth 
to the detriment of weaker investments; 
legislation favoring the few as against 
the many’s subsided and special privi- 
leges against an equality of rights; liberty 
of thought and action; empire or republic — 
all rise up and appeal to his consideration 
for judgment and solution. He does not 
have to be a politician to determine what 
is best for him ai.-d his fellow-toilers. He 

does not have to sacrifice one item of 
principle in his duty to himself and those 
dependent upon him. He does not have 
to be a partisan and follow the creed or 
dogma instituted by political tricksters 
and mountibanks to the neglect of his 
own interests and possible destiny. In 
the matter of franchise at least he stands 
equal before the law. If he has been 
fooled with or swindled in the exercise of 
his ballot, the fault lies with those in 
whom he placed his faith; if he, without 
giving thought to the result of his action, 
shall repeat his error, and shall again find 
treachery in his trUvSt, he will have no one 
to blame hut him.self . There is no theory 
about this; it is fact, and appeals to the 
sense and judgment of every citizen, 
workingman or otherwise. 

Our Denver friend might expend some 
time and thought in the solution of the 
derivation of power exercised by powerful 
corporations and combinations of capital 
in their heartless exactions upon the re- 
sources of the common people. He 
might study out the sources of govern- 
ment favor which enables the great Car- 
negie-Frick steel trust to declare a profit 
of twenty millions of dollars in one year 
in the conduct of its monopoly, and to 
capitalize its interests in a sum of one 
hundred and sixty millions of dollars. 
There is some other reason than the plain 
investment of money which it and many 
other hydro-headed monsters enjoy in 
wresting and wringing from the p>eople 
so many unearned millions, year in and 
year out. Also the sugar trust, the tobacco 
trUvSt and a long list of others, which by 
their impositions and exactions, stand as 
a menace, not alone to progress in the 
development of the various industries, 
but to the peace, prosperity and welfare 
of the common people. 

And right here, it might not be out of 
place, in the opinion of the writer, to 
draw a picture of comparivSon between 
these monsters of exactions, found in the 
monopolistic trusts, and the “successful 
ones in office in which our Denver friend 
finds so much to censure. The monopoly 
robbers could not exercise such flagrant 
and atrocious exactions without substan- 
tial, if not material aid from superior 
power. It will not be amiss to investi- 
gate what that superior power is, and from 
whom it is derived, what power it is that 
grants the right of a monopoly to pro<luce 
articles of consumption at such value as 
w'ill enable it to export and transfer such 
articles to foreign ports, thousands of 
miles distant, and place them on the 
market at figures lower than those exacted 
from home consumers. It is not much of 
a problem to be solved by ordinary reason 
to discover that this power is one of 
governmental parentage, exercised by 
bodies of men existing themselves only 
with delegated powers. It is all well 
enough, but not sufficient to !say that they 
are in position to betray the trusts im- 
posed upon by the people, and tliat cen- 
sure only, sentimental or otherwise, should 
be piled upon them. All power in a re- 
publican form of government is derived 
from the people; and if the people, as 
formed of the common masses, not only 
submit but emphasize their approval, 
year after year, by a repetition of former 
choice and selection in delegated author- 
ity, the fault does not lie wholly in the 
representative, or rather mis-represen- 
tative, but in the ones who not only, 
acquiesce, but indorse, by their ballots the 
treachery imposed upon them. 

Trade union people need no better ex- 
periment than is demonstrated by the 
union, liarmony and fraternity w'hich 
binds them together, and assures success 
to all united efforts. It is not necessary 
to disturb the autonomy of separate trades 
— the safety on this line is one of self- 
preservation. By organization, men of 
different callings liave become more in- 


telligent, better informed, have a bett 
understanding about their economic con- 
ditions, and know how to remedy inflict 
ing ills; how to bring about reforms m 
methods not only for their own advance- 
ment, but for the general amelioration of 
the conditions of others besides them- 
selves. It is not only their right, but a 
of their duty to study economic reforms m 
government municipal, state and national* 
The vote of organized labor, if polled as a 

unit would always be on the winning side, 

and let us hope that the day may come 
when it may realize its importance and be 
found on the heavy side of the balance m 
the cause of humanity. 

The City of Light. 

Have you heard the Golden City 
Mentioned in the legends old ? 
Everlasting light shines o’er it, 
Wonderous tales of it are told. 

Do you ask: Where is that City, 

Where the perfect Right doth reign ? 

I must answer, I must tell you* 

That you seek its sight iu vain. 

You may roam o’er hill and valley, 

You may pass o’er laud and sea, 

You may search the.wide earth over 
’Tis a City yet to be. 

We are builders of that City, 

All our joys and all our groaus 
Help to rear its shining ramparts. 

All our lives are building stones. 

While the few may plan the arches, 

And the fluted columns fair. 

And Immortal thought embody, 

And immortal beauty there. 

That 110 mortal eye can picture — 

That no mortal tongue can tell, 

We can barely dream the glories 
Of the 1 ‘Titure’s citadel. 

But a few brief years we labor, 

Soon our earthly day is o’er. 

Other builders take our places, 

And " our place knows us no more. 

Hut the work that we have builded. 

Oft with bleeding hands and teal’s, 

And in error and in anguish. 

Will not perish with our yeai'S, 

It will last and shine transfigured 
In the final region of right, 

It will merge into the splendoi’S 
Of the City of the Light. 

—Felix AdU*’’ 

No Question Settled Until it is 
tied Right. 

However the battle is ended, 

Though proudly the victor comes 
With fluttering flags and prancing nags, 
And echoing roll of drums, 

Still truth proclaims this motto 
In letters of living light— 

No (jiiestion is ever settled 
Until it is settled right. 

Though the heel of the strong oppressor 
May grind the weak in the dust, 

And the voices of fame, with one acclailWi 
May call him great and just, 

I.,et those who applaud take warning. 

And keep this motto in sight— 

No question is ever settled 
Until it is settled right. 

I^et those who have failed take courage , 
Though the enemy seems to have w'on, 
Tho’ his ranks are strong, if he be in the 
The battle is not yet done, 

For sure as the morning follows 
The darkest of the night. 

No question is ever settled 
Until it is settled right. 

O man bowed down with labor I 
O women young, yet old ; 

O heart oppressed in the toiler’s breast 
And crushed by the power of gold ! 

Keep on with your weary battle 
Against triumphant might ; 

No question is ever settled 
Until it is settled right. ^ 

nua ivkreur 

^ , CqX 

A movement has been starten 

banding together in a union of 
street-car employes of Chicago* 
cular distributed to the homes of 
men, gripmen and conductors all o 
city calls upon them to join in ^ 
ment to reorganize the unions di 
after the great strike of 1894. 



General Officers 

of the 

ffnited Brotherhood of Car- 
penters and Joiners 
of America. 


‘Ppincott Building, 46 N. Twelfth Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

general president. 

15 . HUBER, 95 Waverly St, Yonkers, N. Y. 

p ®*neral secretary-treasurer. 

• McGuire, P. O. Box 884. Philadelphia, Pa. 

first vice-president. 

^^LIAM Bauer, a6io W. Polk St, Chicago III. 


WILLIAM A. ROSSLEY, 5 City View Avenue. 


General Executive Board. 

correspondence for the G. E. B. must be mailed 
to the General Secretary-Treasurer.] 

‘^AMES M. lane, tax Edgecombe ave.. New York. 

Miller, a6a4 N. Taylor ave., St Louis, Mo. 

ct ^attermull, 10x3 W. 86th st., Sta. P., 

C. WALZ, a47 Putnam st, Hartford, Conn. 

w* J. Williams, 170 miiis st., Atlanta, Ga. 

^he Nineteenth Century. 

hen we are through celebrating the 
^^^iph.s of the nineteenth century, 
have vsuiig sufficiently the glor- 
the telegraph and telephone, when 
have contemplated long enough the 
pro.spects naturally connected 
let trolley car, the dum-dum bul- 

lik twelve inch shell, I should 

ask one little question ; 

progres.s has man made 
the last one hundred years? 

^e course, pleasant to reflect tliat 

is railroads and .steam engines. It 
^^tisfactory to know that we can .send a 
to Ivondon and get an answer in 
niinntes; that there are machines 
^n(] make a thousand shoes a day 
®^caniships that can travel tw'enty 
an hour. It is pleasing to learn 

Wc can fire a shot fifteen miles and 

kn 1 ^^ ^ through two tree 


is it with the soul and spirit of 
he better or happier for these 


the privileges ? Does the end of 

find him any freer from sordid 
iujj.’ further from self, any higher 
h]^ j, P'^'rposes tlian the beginning found 
His f ^”y better in his relations to 

toU is he really kinder or more 

more helpful or more generous ? 

^^5y less under the dominion 
^at appetite, any further from thi 

hfe that hardens and destroy s| 
livijj the average an v nobler idea < 
has he risen in any perceptibljl 
iug ^ the primitive creed of grasp 
holding? Is he gentler? Is hi 
^be ideas of Christ and Jean Vai 


-n? T 1 ' . C 

^bere any more equality ? Anj 

*^®cognition of rights ? Are till 

W ^ore seQure or the strong mori 


kh^^.^ actual condition of the ove^ 
th^ , majority of mankind one wh|t 
most men really free^, 
'**^cpendent, less the slaves <>f 
other men ? Have they any 

any more brotherhood amoni 

..jj ' ^*5d America at least, have mor^ 
tliat most of them hav^ 
most of them have longef 
* ^cst of them know more of th* 

fundamental laws of health. 

What have those things to do with the 
spirit of man ? 

Have the real conditions of existence 
materially changed in these hundred 
years ? 

If in our minds we substitute for the 
force of arms the power of capital, no 
less effective in oppression, we shall see 
that the world presents to-day eSvSentially 
the conditions that it presented three 
hundred years ago, and that this century 
has seen reaction instead of progress. The 
modern employers of labor occupy for all 
e.ssential purposes the po.sitions occupied 
by the barons of medivaeal Europe. They 
are small, nearly independent monarchs, 
owing an allegiance varying between the 
nominal and the real, to .some central 
power. They make, unmake or break 
laws as suit their pleasure or profit. Tike 
the barons, they war upon the world and 
upon one another for gain. Like the 
barons, when any considerable numbers 
they unite, they rule .states with absolute 
power, declare wars, make treaties, ob- 
literate nations. Like the barons, they 
control the destinies of large numbers of 
men overw horn they have practically the 
power of life and death, and who are in 
all the important considerations of life 
not less the slaves of the system than 
were the serfs of feudalism. 

Is tliere any in that ? 

At will latter day barons can re- 
fuse men the right of labor and the 
right of a sliare in the products of labor. 
They can compel them to .silence or direct 
tlieir .speech. Like the medi<eval barons 
they can use their detainers, dependent 
upon the baronial nod or wink for sus- 
tenance, to accomplish their ends, 
to war against the state, to overawe govern- 
ments with ballots for pikes and primaries 
for cross hows. The retainer no longer 
fears to be hanged by the neck from the 
castle wall; he fears that the baron will 
take from him the opportunity to. labor, 
as much the right of man as the oppor- 
tunity to breathe. His span of life is one 
struggle that dread. Is there any 
real freedom in such conditions ? 

Now, as in the Middle Ages, one of 
these barons has more weight with govern- 
ment than ten thou.sand of the retain- 
ers. Now as then government is 
bent for the barons special protection. 
Now, as then, the barons divert the 
revenue for their own profit, play tricks 
with the treasury, and evade their proper 
.sliare of taxation to throw the burdens 
upon the inferior creatures that toil. 

Is tliere any progress in that? 

There are kind-hearted barons of in- 
dustry now, as there were kind-hearted 
barons of castles then. The kind heart 
of the baron makes no difference to the 
slave so long as the system goes on. 
Thereare .slaves that are well housed 
now': I'WC were slaves that were well 
houseil t^pn. The kind of makes 
ice so long as the majority waste their lives in barren 
\ss of the fruits of the earth 
need and the few fortunate 
rform no labor at all for more 
ts of the earth tlian they can 

no diffi 
of men 
toil fdr’ 
than ^llie 

their lives or any more lighl^? 

b ^4 *^aiiy men, even most men, Ihn 
houses: true, most men, ij| 

of t!ic j 

Namca^hange, externals change, esseii- 
tiiU coiidaions remain the came. 

• The tejigraph and telephone are desir- 
able tliinj|.s; the steam engine performs 
wonders, we have the luxurious 
sleeping r.ars in the world, we produce 
great ^[nafctities of the most intricate and 
atna/dug liachinery, we make light with 
elect'riciW we are carried about by 

Will s4Äe one kindly mention one of 
our iiivenions that has not been turned 
into an a^lditioiial bond for industrial 
sUvt ry? t)ne tliat has not become the 
inblruincxit of organized greed ? One 
that Jius ii»t become a vast machine for 

wresting the fruits of the earth from 
those that have too little and adding them 
to those that have too much ? 

It is no doubt a fine thing to have 
machines that make shoes. What about 
the darkened lives and hopeless toil of 
those that mu the machines ? 

Against the telegraph and telephone I 
put the East End of London and the rear 
tenements of New York: against the 

cotton mill, the men that operate it ; 
against the sleeping car, the anthracite 
coal regions of Pennsylvania; against the 
trolley car, the black list and the company 

Is there any progress vi.sible in this 
prospect ? 

Go into one of those Pennsylvania 
mining towns. Observe the terrible 
struggle for exi.stence, the squalid houses 
and the famished children, the saddened 
lives, the toilers robbed and cheated, 
kept in their employers’ debt, dogged by 
.spies, denied the privilege of doing enough 
labor to get theni.selves food, without 
hope, without light, without cheer. 

Can the car coupler or the threshing 
machine or any other noble triumph of 
nineteenth century civilization make 
amends for .such conditions? 

In New York the poor shiver for lack 
of coal; in Pennsylvania are mountains 
of fuel, tlie earth’s free gift to man, and 
thoLLsands of men anxious to mine it that 
they may get bread and live. And between 
.stand the barons of industry who will not 
let the miners mine so that the poor must 
.shiver until they pay a higher price for 

Do you see any signs of real civilization 
in that? 

The whole world tells the .same story. 

What is the use of talking about civiliza- 
tion and progress w'hen the nation is now 
engaged in making war for sundry lumps 
of gold upon a nation a pigmy in com- 
pari.son ? Why talk of advancement when 
the .strong deliberately ^or the 
sake of gain to obliterate the weak? 
Wliy of l^etter conditions in the 
face of an international crime far more 
savage and cruel than the partition of 
Poland ? Why prate about an enlightened 
public opinion when the world sits by 
and permits this monstrous .spoilation ? 

The end of this century sees all the 
nations of Europe except two still cling- 
ing to the huge ineffable absurdity of 
thrones and kings. It .sees legislators 
and rulers still wielding power by the 
divine right of birth. It sees a subtle 
strengthening of remaining feudalism 
through the profriund reactionary in- 
fluence of Phiglaiid. It .sees the toilers 
everywhere cru.shed under the appalling 
burden of and annaments. It 
sees nations building empires with the 
slaughter of racesand the robbing of lands. 
It sees even in the freest countries the 
steady absorption of power into the hands 
of a few. 

It sees race still hating race; it sees 
the greatest activity of nations directed 
towards the means of war and methods to 
destroy human life; it sees Great Britain 
spending |300,000,000 to kill Boers and 
permitting the famine-stricken people of 
India to starve to death. 

Is there any progress in that? 

No doubt from all this evil in the slow 
process of time good will be evolved. No 
doubt some day the frightful ideas of 
Bismarcks and the Cliamberlaiiis, of blood- 
shed and aggrandizement, will cease to 
curse mankind. But looking at the 
matter impartially is there any evddence of 
such progress in the nineteenth century 
as ju.stifies the pean of joy ? 

And if there is, where is it? — Charles 
E. Russell ^ in New York Journal, 

Eight tlionsand miners liave gone on 
strike at Santa Pauline, near Santander, 
Spain. , 

State Intervention. 

Because .some men are glad to get one 
meal a day, tlii.s is no rea.son why all 
other laborers should be reduced to the 
same level of poverty through competi- 
tion, yet such would be the result if men 
out on strike for higher wages have no 
right to say that other men shall not 
take their places at the reduced pay. 
The State has no right to a.s.sist an indi- 
vidual or corporation in putting new 
men in the places of old men who are 
trying to maintain a just and reasonable 
wage, for the rea.son that by so doing 
the State would be reducing the laborer 
by degrees to a .state of involuntary ser- 
vitude. If it be good government and 
good law for the State to assist in replac- 
ing a gang of men who were earning 
$4 per day with a crew willing to work 
for $3 per day, it would also be good 
public policy for the State to repeat such 
acts often enough to liave all laborers 
working for their board and clothes. — 

The Forces are Being Mobilized. 

The epoch of competition and the wage 
system is dying. Co-operative effort in 
some form or other is pressing forward to 
supersede them, despite all opposition. 
Manifold signs of world- wide cliange arc 
palpable on every luind, a cliange in what 
V irgil calls * ‘ the order of the ages. * ’ Pro- 
found permeates the entire civil- 
ized world. Men feel the presence of a 
new and mighty force heaving and sway- 
ing the ocean of humanity. Tories and 
Bourbons, as their prototypes of old, 
stand ready to resist any change which 
abridges their privileges, crying out tliat 
all is well witli the world. They point to 
the ble.ssings which their wealth confers 
on it and preach patriotism in purple and 
fine linen and with well fed stomachs. 
But the agitation increases among the 
working masses. They fail to .see the 
blessings of monopoly. A .sence of bitter 
injury has taken possession of them. 
The forces for a conflict at tlie ballot box 
or elsewhere are being rapidly mobilized. 
Men are taking sides. The exploiters and 
the exploited stand face to face. — P. 
O' Neill Larkin^ in Donahoe' s. 

A Word With You, Non-unionist I 

The labor unionist says to the non- 
union man : “It will be to your interest 
as well as to mine to join the union (and 
proves this statement by irrefutable testi- 
mony.) If you do not accept this invita- 
tation, I shall object .should yon attempt 
to do me injury by cutting under me or 
by taking my place when I make a just 
demand for improved conditions.’’ It is 
true that union men sometimes refuse to 
work with men who will not become 
members of the union, but this is the 
only course dictated by wisdom while 
non-union men are a menace to the 
welfare of the others in their trade. 
Besides, in cases where workmen, not 
members of the union, are offered and 
receive the same pay that is given to the 
union men, they obtain the benefits of 
organization without sharing in its bur- 
dens, and, in addition, are strengthened 
in their ability to do the union hanu. If 
these points were understood generally, 
the reading public would not be so ready 
to swallow the condemnation the press 
pronounces against every demand made 
by unions for the discharge of non-union 
men. — Exchange. 

Thk man who runs things is usually 
the hardest worker in the union. Follow 
his example and there will be less occa- 
sion for fault-finding on the score of 
“ one man power,” as all will be working 
together . — Midland Mechanic. 



Our London Letter. 


>INKRY maiuifactiirecl under 
unfair conditions is a subject 
which is gradually receiving 
much merited attention from 
the carpenters’ and joiners’ 
trade unions of this country. The 
evil effect of this insidiously working 
business, bears heavily upon both em- 
ployers and employed in the trade and 
concerted movements to check it are not 
w'anting. Up till now, however, they 
have been local more than national , and 
in that fact is found the reason of the 
inefficiency of the present resi.stance. 
Signs are perceivable that this dis- 
united effort is to be droj)ped. The 
Amalgamated Society of Carpenters’ and 
Joiners’ proposes to draw up a white list 
of houses supplying ready-made joinery 
produced under fair conditions. This wall 
facilitate negotiations in many cases, as 
employers anxious to do the right thing 
are often as much in the dark as to the 
character of a firm as the craftsman is. 

Where new members are being ad- 
mitted to the union in considerable num- 
bers (the General Union alone taking in 154 
in February) there is also an upward ten- 
dency in the members declaring on out- 
of-w'ork and sick pa}\ For instance, 
taking the figures of the same minor 
unions mentioned above, nearly a thou- 
.sand dollars was spent on sick benefits, 
in February and not many less on un- 
employed pay. 

The giant society, the Amalgamated, 
had (March 1), 1813 unemployed mem- 
bers drawing tw^p and a half dollars a 
week, and 196 wdiose w^eekly relief was a 
little over half that sum. Besides, there 
were 1366 members draw'ing the three 
dollars a week sick pay and 372 draw ing 
one and a half dollars. The total mem. 
bership at the same date w’as 62,319. 

The A.ssociated of Scotland .shows up in 
a similar way, all benefit features being 
in constant request and operation. Gen- 
erally the situation is worse than it was 
this time last year, but is usually consid- 
erably better than the previous few years. 

Apprentices are a perpetually recurring 
difficulty in the trade here, and not alone 
in the trade represented by this journal. 
Throughout most of the local carpenters’ 
unions a feeling prevails that the question 
is rapidly becoming a menace to their 
well-being, and many proposals are put 
forth tentatively for dealing with it. In 
the Clyde district alone there are upwards 
of .six hundred apprentices, and in the 
gathering together of this large number 
is seen a distinct ]X)licy on the part of the 
federated employers to terrorize the 
unionists in the near future. In London 
the position is also becoming acute. The 
general run of the propositions for the 
diminution of the evil are built around a 
suggested fixed ratio of apprentices, or 
improvers, to the men working in the 
particular district concerned. 

Looking over the face of the country 
for movements in wages and hours for 
last month the only gain to carpenters is 
one of reduced hours at Dundee. Six 
hundred men benefit to the extent of a 
regular half hour per week each. 

On the other hand there is the depre.s- 
ing and happily rare news that a hun- 
dred and fifty carpenters and joiners at 
Kirkaldy liave had to submit to a de- 
crease of one cent per hour, bringing 
their money down to sixteen cents per 
hour — a reduction of forty-nine cents per 
week. All the building trades of the 
district appear to share in the unfortunate 

At Cardiff the total duration of the dis- 
pute with regard to the ship-joiners and 
their apprentices, and the respective 
merits of the day versus the hour system, 

w'as thirteen weeks and at length a 
mutual agreement with regard to work- 
ing rules closed the episode. The New- 
port trouble lasted forty-tw^o w’eeks and 
ended similarly. 

Gradually the lawyers and the gentle- 
men wdio wear the robes and carry the 
scales of justice are rendering the work- 
men’s compeihsation act as abortive as 
can be. Put into operation twelve months July,it w’as hailed by the unthinking 
as the beginning of an indiustrial mille- 
nium , but every hour shows that the mille- 
nium is not due yet. Legal decisions 
pronounced, appealed again. st, qua.slied or 
upheld, have worn away the area within 
which compensation can be claimed, until 
great bodies of workmen are debarred 
from all benefit. Great disstitisfaction is 
ever^’where expressed. The only people 
who are methodically getting anything 
out of the measure are the barristers and 
the insured company shareholders. 

Samuel Woods a labor member of the 
House of Commons, has headed a depu- 
tation of trade unionists to Sir Matthew 
White Ridley, M. P., the Home Secre- 
tary, on the subject of a considerable 
amendment of the act. It was pointed 
out that the building trades e.specially 
suffered by reason of the inexact wording 
of the measure. A case was mentioned 
where the employer so engineered the 
“minimum compen.sation ’’ clause that 
the injured workman w'as only able to 
recover compen.sation at a rate of eighty 
cents per week ! The seriousness of the 
accident is the only thing that detracts 
from the absolute farcicalities of these 

White Ridley was impre.ssed with some 
of the facts he heard from the delegation, 
especially in connection with the build- 
ing trades, and has promi.sed to go into 
the matter with Joseph Chamberlain — the 
father of the measure. 

Employment throughout the country 
varies between fair and bad generally. — 
Belfast and di.strict showing up “very bad” 
w'hile one or two London areas declare 
trade to be “good.” Liverpool is re. 
ported overstocked. Large building oper- 
ations are, however, proposed and there 
should .soon be a change for the better. 

l^bor Unions Produce Thinkers. 

If the labor unions did notliing else 
than to Ciill attention to •the misery that 
abounds, their existence would be justifi. 
able; but they have done more, they 
have not only adled attention to the 
effects, they have shown the causes. 
They have done more .still, they have 
produced remedies, upon the merits or 
demerits of which professors, edito'rs and 
ministers now' and theorize. La- 
bor unions liave produced thinkers and 
educators from their own ranks, and 
have drawn students and teachers from 
the wealthy and professional. And more 
yet, they have bettered the condition of 
thou.sands of families by securing higher 
wages, shorter hours and greater indepen- 
dence, individually and collectively. 
The result is something to be proud of. 
The carpenter, the printer, cigarmaker, 
clerk, shoemaker, tailor, working long 
hours on short rations, have stepped boldly 
to the front and worked a revolution in 
American thought. It is a fact beyond 

During the thirty years 9,575 lives 
were lost in the coal mines of the State of 
Pennsylvania. From 1890 to (899, in- 
clusive, 470,242,510 tons of coal were pro- 
duced at a cost of 4,305 lives. 

To think kindly of each other, is good; 
to speak kindly of each other is better: 
but to act kindly towards one another is 
best of all. * 

Labor News of the World. 

The International Bricklayers’ Union 
claims a membership of 75,900. 

Funds are being .solicited by the In- 
ternational Union of Bakers for the Locae Union 7, Minneapolis, Minn- 
20,000 .strikers of the Au.strian coal mines. expelled J. Henry .Smith for ei«' 

— bezzling the finids of the Union. 

TiiicCity Council of Atlanta, Ga., has 
ordered that all city printing must bear 
the label of the Allied Printing Trades 

According to the New York Bureau of 
Labor Statistics, there are 224,433 trade 
unioni.sts in the State. Of this number 
only 8239 are women. 

SiR Charees Dieke’s bill introduced 
into Parliament provides that no boy 
under the .age of 13 years .shall be allowed 
to w'ork under-ground in any mine. 


The bricklayers at Lancaster, Pa., who 
went on strike for nine hours’ work and 
the .same wages as heretofore paid for ten 
hours, have had their demands granted. 

The union journeyman moulder of 
Cleveland, ^XX) in numbers, have made a 
demand for an in pay amounting 
to 25 cents per day, to go into effect 
May 1 st. 

WAITRK.S.SES 111 Seattle,, have 
formed a union. Judging by the experi- 
ences of workers in the East, there 
is good rea.son for the formation of such 
a union. 

— - 

The Government introduced an 
eight-hour w'orkday rule in all govern- 
ment work.shops in 1894. About 50,000 
employes had their working time re- 
duced in con.sequence. 

-» » «««— 

WeeEINGTon, N. Z., lias a dynamo of 
its own for lighting the Public Library, 
and the cost is $159 a year. Heretofore 
a private company lias been in the habit 
of charging $50 a year for the .same ser- 

Thirty-three of 21 9 Japanese .steerage 
pa.s.sengers, who aiTived at San Francisco 
on the steamer Belgian King a few days 
ago, have been refu.sed a landing by the 
immigration officials. It is alleged that 
they came as contract laborers. 

The strike at the Pittsburg Reduction 
w'orks has been settled by the employers 
granting an advance of twelve per cent., 
recognizing the aluminum workei*»’ union 
of the Federation of Labor and ‘reducing 
the day’s work from twelve to ten hoiins. 

The strike at the Merrick Thread Mill, 
at Holyoke, Ma.s.sachusetts, ended last 
week by the machine-fixers returning to 
work, the management having agreed to 
their demands for an increase ofr 26 cents 
per day on the old scale of W'ages. 

The demands of the telegraph <jpera; 
tors on the Intercolonial Riijl^iy for 
recognition of the Order o^ Railway 
Telegraphers and the granting of fifteen 
days holiday to each operator during the 
year, liave been graiite<l by the Canadian 
Government. ^ . 

The 1,500 men of the Gleitwood. Pa., 
shops of the Baltimore and Ohio 
road liave submitted a demand for an ad- 

For embezzling the funds of Loca 
Union 716, Zane.sville, Ohio, A. L. Cabeefl 
has been expelled from the organization* 

R. MORRI.S, who contracted to buil^l n 
cottage in Corsicana, Tex., on the lOtho 
P'ebruary, drew his pay-roll for the week* 
$90, returned to the building and g**'® 
each man an order on the proprietor for 
his wages and then .skipped out. Loca 
Union 731 has expelled him. 

vance in wages ranging from five 
twenty per cent. The officials are under 
stood to have sent a favorable reply o 
the wage proposition, but differences re 
main in the relation to the hours. 

Workingmen on the Pacific ore 
alarmed at the .steadily increa.sing 
her of immigrants. Since Jo*^ 
uary 1, 1899, 3,420 laborers from Jop^‘^ 
liave arrived in this country, and 
Immigration Bureau is informed 
1 ,400 more are due here by the en 
May. According to Labor Commission®^ 
North, 7,000 pas.sports have been obtain^^ 
in Japan for laborers intending to coin 
to this country. 


There was a celebration of the es 

• day 

lishment of an eight-hour working ' 
by the coal miners in the Pittsburg 
tricton the 1st Meetings 
places were addressed by the execu ^ 
officers, who explained the new .scale a' 
urged the men to carry it out to the Ic 
until the year is ended. 

Nearly thirty thou.sand men wH 
benefited by the new scale, which 
into effect on the 2nd. It calls 
advance of about 20 per cent., 
establishment of an eight-hour wor 

The Binghampton, N. Y., 

Labor Union adopted this re.sohitiun^ 
meeting week : 

Wherka's, The opportunity being ^ 

afforded to all union men to clothe t 

- * 0^ 

selves with union made goods 
suffering inconvenience in pc 
them. It is therefore 




Resolved ^ That in order to test 



sincerity of the delegates to this .g, 
Body and by way of example to o 
tliat all delegates not wearing a hat* 
of clothes and ’shoes bearing the i 
label be di.squalified from represeiitah^^ 

This resolution to go into ei 
months from date. 



John Burns the lyondon labor 
nd member of parliament, has thi'^'^ 
omb into the ranks of the 
atriots. “So far as the nation 


LtllUlS* OL/ I<ii Lliv« llrtLAv 

erned,” says Burns, “the loss of 
y the war already exceeds the m 
ains .sought to be achieved, 
ict that it is possible for a few 
) .so chloroform the colonial .a\1 
ypnotize the government as pc^ 

) get the war office to further 
:hemes at the nation’s expense) ^^^gf 
itional proof that parliament 
len of the type who uphold a war ^ 
revoked in the interests of a sma ^^^gjjr 
gainst a people who have proved »» 



Address On Labor Unions. 

the invitation of Bishop Potter and 
®Rev. Dr. Rainsford, a large audience 



*‘6presentative workingiiieii of New 

gathered recently to listen to an 
css by the Rev. Washington Gladden, 
sections following coniniend them- 


^s to the consideration of unionist and 
unionists alike. 

Unions are strong — first in the justice 
their contention that the laborers of 
trade ought to be organized for the 
^^intenance of their rights and for pro- 
®^tion against oppression. 

^hile conditions are what they now 
^5’ ^ubor organizations are necessary. I 
^sh to emphasize the first part of this 
^•^teiice, for I am far from believing that 
. ^tions are now what they ought to be. 
^s probable that some fonn of organ- 
^^nn would be advisable for the men of 

trade, if the conditions 

for , 

What H 

'■ tney ought to be; but the reasons 


Organization which now exist would 
exist if industrial society were in a 

^cefni and normal condition. The fact 



''ve must face is that to which I 
already referred — that industrial 
^ty at the present time is in a .state of 
aict; that the two cla.ssesof capitalists 
iabor are contending for the product 
*U(Uifjtry; that capital is organized and 
'dated, in combinations, many of 
^ 'eh are of dimensions; that indi- 
^^ul laborers in dealing with these 
tha ^ forces, are practically helpless; 

^ 't is therefore nece.ssary for the 
orers to be organized in order that they 
uot be crushed by the power of capital, 
the method known as ‘collective 
^iUining ’ can the interests of the work- 
be protected. 

^ ^hat terrible degradation labor is 
P ^^y to suffer if it is left to the working 
"^restricted competition is shown by 
ory of labor in the early 
^ ''s of this century and by the condition 
®^wiiig women generally all over the 
^'^dto-flay. So long, therefore as we 
the wage sy.steni of industry with 
. ^f'tion as the regulative principle, ami 
I Spital concentrated in enormous 
; ^T'^rations and trusts, so long we must 
] '^^^"bor organized, and the rate of wages 
I fixed, not by an agreement of 

] '^"borer with his employer, but by the 
0^1 of collective bargaining, 
j j ^^^rkingnien are right, then, in in.sist- 
organization, and the strength 
, ^ labor movement throughout the 

I j 's largely measured by the extent 
I j working people have been able 
compact and vigorous organiza- 

, the trades that are 

0 ^y organized, and in which most 

rkers belong to the unions, are 

in which the laborers are best 
Und most pro.sperous. A very large 
Uie gains that have been made 
ioring classes have been due to 
a n 1 • ^^^""'^-ations. And no less scholarly 
Ptof than ThoroM Rogers, 

iHe Oxford and member of Parlia- 

^bl that if he were the maker of 
Vot^ '''’ould allow no workingman to 

Unless he was a member of .some trade 


Uie second place; the labor move- 
'"cr f^'fiay gathers .strength from the 
intelligence of the laboring 
unions themselves are very 
Hte j educational institutions. They 

^^,,^^^^'berative as.seniblies, in wdiich a 
"ot good thinking is done, and 

bttle valuable training is gained, 
of doing arc gen- 
^[1 f^'^'ctly parliamentary; the order 
'"ed is a good deal better than 
^tiy^ prevails in most of our legis- 
ISt^.jj^.^’^einblies, far better than in Con- 
fbe speaking is often clear and 

“ Workingmen are reading a good deal 
in these day.s. I think they are .studying 
the social questions very earnestly. I 
am often greatly intere.sted to .see how' 
strong a grip w^orknien are getting on 
the foundation facts of .social economics; 
and I do believe tliat, as a rule, they 
wish to do only that which is and 
fair in their dealing with public interests. 

*■ The labor movement gains .strength 
also from the habits of mutual help which 
prevails among the members. I have 
just received the annual report of John 
Burnett, the chief labor correspondent of 
the Board of Trade, in which he 
shows how one hundred of the leading 
unions of England have expended the 
money rai.sed by them during the past 
seven years. Many persons 
that the expenditures of these unions i.s 
almost w'holly in the maintenance of 
those engaged in .strikes, but the figures 
show that wdiile the unions have paid for 
.strike expenses 1 12,363,000, they have 
paid to the unemployed and for other 
beneficial purposes, no than |31,- 

“ Wluit w'e call the lal)or movement 
i.s, then, simply the growing movement 
of the people who work for wages to 
.stand together for the amelioration of the 
conditions under which they live; and 
that movement, as we have .seen, is .strong 
in the ju.stice of its plea for the right to 
combine for this; strong in its 
educational features; strong in its meth- 
ods of mutual help, and .strong above all 
in the hold which it has taken upon the 
conscience and good-will of the entire 


Black Diamond Files and Rasps 




Sees & ‘ Faber 


2008-2010 North Front Street, 

^ — Philadelphia, Pa. 


Moulders, Bricklayers, Plasterers, Contractors, Plumbers, Carpenters, 
Cabinet and Pattern Makers, Loom Fixers and Machinists 

Union Men of Every Degree. 


Every cause is burdened w'ith a of 
adherents wdio shout themselves hoarse 
when carried on the wave of success, but 
who return with the .subsiding waters. 
Trades unions are particularly afflicted in 
this respect with .such members. The 
union i.s regarded as .some being or god, 
composed of material in which they have 
no making and with which they have 
nothing in common but to accept all 
benefits and to when in trouble. 
There are union men by choice and 
others by circum.sta rices, union men who 
enter the ranks as .soldiers prepared to 
fight, and if beaten to retreat in order to 
fight again if possible, others who 
of their when everything i.s 
prosperous and meniber.shtp means a con- 
tinual di'ess parafle, but .should an out- 
break occur and these members forced to 
sliare the privations of active .service, they 
.set to work abusing the officers, and 
cau.sing despair in the ranks, in.stead of 
clinging more desperately together. 

It seems almost incomprehensible that 
workmen with common intere.sts should 
act so contrary to common If only 
a part of their practical knowledge n.sed 
in creating the wealth of their employers 
was used for a proper management of 
their common interests we would have 
reached tliat stage when the nt labor 
movement would be antiquated. Again 
there is another element in trade unions 
who are always ready to follow the wake 
of the flatterer, the damagogne, the gay 
deceiver, who with honeyed words and 
grand promises would lead them down 
the straight and slippery path over the 
precipice of disorder, while the thorny 
crown of martyrdom is placed on the 
heads of the true counsellors who have 
the courage to present di.sagreeable facts 
— Exchange. 

OvKR sixty ” labor temples” or trades 
union headquarters are now in course of 
coiLStruction in various cities and towns 
in the United States and Canada. 

Sheet Gum, Packing, Gaskets, Gauge Glasses, jenkin’s Valves and 
Discs, Pipe Stocks and Dies, Pipe Wrenches, Cutters, Vises, etc. 

other Tools are very good Tools, but — 

“YANKEE” TOOLS are better. 


SlM« : 2. A 4, 6, 6, 8. 10, 12 inches. 


Slim blade, with finger turn, for light work. Sixes : 2 «,4 6 inches. 


Drives screws in by pushing handle, or by ratchet movement. Made In three sizes. 

« YANKEE >> spiral-ratchet SCREW DRIVER No. 30. 

Drives or takes ont screws by pushing on handle, or by ratchet movement. Can be used as 
rigid screw driver at any part of its length. 


For drilling metals and all kinds of woods. Chuck will hold drills 3-16 Inch diameter or leaa. 

For boring wood for setting screws, brads, nails, etc., can be used in hard or soft wood with- 
out splitting. Pushing on handle revolves drill Bach drill has 8 drill 
points in magazine Inside handle aa shown in cut below. 


Insist on “YANKEE” TOOLS 

DcKriptlTC Circular! will be »ent free by Manufacturers. 




This Department is open for criticism and 
correspondence from our readers on mechanical 
subjects ill Carpentrj', aud ideas as to Craft 

Write on one sMe of the paper only. All 
articles should be signed. 

Matter for this Department must lx: in this 
office by the 25th of the month. 

Pantry Cupboard. 

From William B. S., Newark: 

I am in want of a design for a kitchen 
or pantry cupboard. Will some brother 
chip send in a sketch for one ? It must 
not be an expensive affair. 

Panel Doors. 

From W. T., New York: 

Answering A. McWatt, of Newburg. 
I may say that the system of morticing 
doors through and through is abandoned, 
blind tenon and doweled rails are all the 
go, the doweled door is believed by many 
to be even stronger and better than the 
blind tenon. The point of fastening is 
directly where the rail meets the stile, 
w’hile strength ^is given by the large and 
strong hard wood dowels, which are, it is 
believed, much stronger than a pine 
tenon and will hold in place much better. 

Mitre Cap. 

From W. D. S., Philadelphia. 

J. W’. G. can get the lines for cutting 
his mitre cap. Many joiners work this 
matter without taking into considerations 
the proportioned differences between rail 
and cap, and a lot of “ casing " is the 
result to the injury of the work. The 
cap should be slightly larger than the 

Fig. 1. 

rail on the face, and the turner should be 
careful in turning the cup to the exact 
mould. I present herewith a diagram, 
(Fig. 1) which shows an exact way to cut 
the cap. The angle shown at the arrow 
is 100 degrees, which is about the best 
angle to cut both rail and cap. I think 
J. W. G. will understand this diagram. 

A Snow Plough 

From Sam. R. Chicago. 

This sketch of a snow plough, (Fig. 2) 
is sent for W. P’s. benefit. The whole 

• Fig. 2. 

thing is simple enough. I cut the sketch 
out of an agricultural paper. 

Serpentine Newel Balusters. 

The Best Square. 

From Fred. T. Hodgson. 

Perhaps the illustration I send herewith 
(Fig. 3) will answ’er the requirements of 
Chip, Omaha. This style of work is very 
troublesome and is not much in favor, as 

D. T. Stoddard: 

The No. 100 square is undoubtedly the 
best made and can be purchased from 
Voniiegut Hardware Company, Indian- 


where I put bead and rabit planes, etc.. 
No. 4, lay my level on those little patl*' 
tition; No. 5, saw rack; and on top of 
rack I set my hand box No. 6, bottom 
chest where I put planes, etc.; No. 
four drawers, one over the other, bottom 
drawer for bits, next chisels, etc. ; No. 
four .small drawers, top oil stone other 
small tools, etc. 

Fig 3. 

Plan of Tood Chest. 

the results are not in pro]X)rtion to labor 
expended. A, A, shows the .style of rail 
which generally accompanies this style 
of ornamentation. 

Saw Filing. 

From Joe Daw.son, Windy City: 

R. N. K., of Dover, should always keep 
the point of his file towards the point of 
the .saw. This is the only way, no matter 
what any intended wiseacre may say. 

Corner Studs for Bay Windows. 

From J. R. S. Boise City. 

I send you a sketch (P'ig. 4) of the man- 
ner ill wdiich I .set my corner studs in a 

bay window, and hope it will suit R. of 

Laying Out Curved Hip. 

From P. L. M. Retrolia. 

I send a method for John R. to get out 
his hip for his veranda, (Fig. 5.) Let A, 
B, be the length of the angle or seat of 

hip, and C, O, tlie curve; perpen- 
dicular on A, B, as shown, same as those 
on D, O, and trace through the points 
obtained, and the thing is done. 

The Steel Square. 

From Wm. T., ThomasA'ille, Ga. 

Is there any other make of steel square 
than No. 100, that is as useful ? 

The Puzzle Explained, 

M. Flynn, City: 

In an.sw'erto Willie B. in the February 
number of The Carpenter, I offer an 
explanation of the puzzle he refers to. 

PvND View. 

It is a .slip dovetail from either corner of 
the stick. The drawing shows the man- 
ner in which it is slipped in, and shows a 
regular dovetail on each corner. 

Plan of Tool Chest. 

D. L. Sto<ldard: 

J. D. S.: 

Nearly twenty years ago I made a tool 
chest that was then up to date and liave 
it yet. Though it has been sadly out- 
pa.ssed with grip sacks and market bas- 
kets, which seem to be the present de- 
mand. However, if any one really needs 
a chest I would recommend liaving the 
drawers .slide lengthwise, as they are much 
better sliape and run much easier, make 
case for bits in one, chisels in another, etc. 

The above plan of my tool chest. No. 1 
partition through the long way, and No. 2 
two partitions 3 inches high; No. 3, place 

// 34'' 

out and cleaned. It mea.sures 18'''' ^ 
and 17" high in.side mea.sureinent. 

A Few Answers. 

The method of W. McD., for estin'“ 


on .studding joints, etc., is correct, 


see no advantage over the general 


metical rule. If studs, joists, etc. 


2 feet centres, and a building is 



around it, then of 120 being bO 
amount required. It follows then 
the .same rule applies, wlien any other 
tance is required. Ifi inch centres, n 


py ^ of the space, hence 120 < 

equal, thus X of 120 = 30, and 3 


30 = 90, the same result as W. McP 
fully as short. .^|j 

In regard to error in estimating foo 
(if it be an error) it is fortunately on 
right .side. Of course great care 
be taken not to over-estimate, but 

studding, as there is always so 
and ends, such as cripples, braces, 
outs, etc. Better to get left on yo'^ 
than to get left afterwards and i*^'^ 
yourself and friends. 

P. of ^ , 

I do not agree with H. S. 

[ reg^^ 

J. S. N., plan of roof is well 


but is it as economical and strong 
old plan submitted herewith? P 
to me it will take more material and 
and does not tie a building as well- 

think the brothers of it. 


. E. 

Galve.ston, Texas. 

Things That Other People 

The man who docs his best to make the ^ 

better place 

Whose heart is pure, who dares 
neighbor in the face, 

to view . 

And scoffing at the foolish things t' g 

people do. 

The man who gains the noble height w» . 
and honor wait 

Wins no delight from petty spite, he s . 
heed to hate .. 

For he has little chance to reach tm* . 
summit who 

Gives up his time to smudging thing*» ‘ y 
people do. 

I like the honest man who tries to ► q 
from sin, . 

I like the man who seeks to lisc, h» 
wrong to win— 

The world is brighter for the day 

presence who ^ 

Can keep from finding fault with U 
other people do. 

my experience that men oftener uu 

e.stiniate than over- e.sti mate, 

Worth and T. P. Me., of Duluth lU - |j. 
to .sheathing. If diagonal sheatlu*^» ^ 
properly put on it not only acts 
brace, but as a truss as well; and 
to a great extent the setting and 
a building in the centre, causing 
and windows to get out of plumb. 



Moneys Received. 

CLAIMS PAID IN MARCH 1900 . Have You Seen Them? 

for tax. pins and supplies. 

^uriuir the mouth euding March 31, 1900. 
^Piievcr unv eiTors appear notify the G. S.-T 
'Without delay.’ 

o a 

HI6 I 00 'h-1 — 12.0 70 \m — $2T> 20 434 $5 CJO 

40 145 S 10 290 1.0 20 435 1 40 

A ^*1 00 140 11) So i29I 55 20 430 S 00 

J^102 40 i 17 17 20 293 5 IK) 437 7 00 

70 14S 2;i 0T> 1294 3 20 4.S8 11 20 

5-^11 40 149 4 40 295 H 40 440 27 90 

i ' — 101 JO inn u o(»n on 

HI 10 150 p 00 

15 151 27 IK) 

inTT'^* 8 00 

^I07 80 lf>3 9 00 

00 155 IS SO 

JJ^lü 20 150 4 40 

iJ^lO 40 158 S IK) 

SO 159 20 00 

1!^ 0 40 100 4 15 


290 2i5 SO 

297 S 00 

298 1 50 

•209 39 SO 

uj iini 4 1 

0 40 101 17 4 

^ 7 20 102 9 4 

<>a l/l.t L 

20 T‘- 4 20 

^^50 (X) 

g^20 80 

S' — 27 90 

g^l7 80 

j{2 > 20 

^14 0.5 
^ 00 50 

^7 00 


^12 HO 

1^7 20 


^29 80 
47^ 9 40 

49^16 10 

^43 00 

öCT'' * ^ 

2:^30 m 

SuI^IO w 



6öI;^40 20 
6t^2.3 40 
«^r,2 «0 

70^2 J 80 

7i!^ 9 tX) 

7^1^28 90 
76^21 00 

7e^0 20 

tC^io (XJ 

75:;:; 3 50 
** «0 


^9 00 
Cr i 40 
3 a-, 

8C;90 40 

5^5 20 

5oI^2l 20 
9^20 80 

HI 17 HO 

442 3 00 

443 4 00 

444 19 00 

7 40 44(1 (I 00 

nXl 15 SO 

U'A 9 (X) 

105 09 20 

10« 14 40 

107 49 o;j 

16S 13 SO 

109 ;X) 80 

170 4 00 

172 9 40 

17.'1 4 40 

175 15 40 

170 20 3() 

177 24 HO 

178 5 SO 

179 20 40 

150 10 40 

151 99 SO 

182 4 00 

18.3 25 50 

184 7 40 

185 12 10 

186 10 45 

187 Ö SO 

188 9 SO 

180 52 00 

190 14 «0 

191 11 60 

193 11 70 

194 0 40 

195— 6 SO 

19« 19 00 

198 19 45 

200 3.3 550 

201 4 45 

202 JX) SO 

20JJ 15 (K) 

204 2 SO 

205 5 2 ) 

‘^0 51 20 

207 IS 90 

20S 9 20 

209 21 00 

210 0 SO 

211 79 m 

212 14 40 

21.3 4 00 

214 JO 50 :l«0- 

210 7 10 

217 29 40 

218 9 (K) 

219 24 70 

220 6 SO 

Ä1 4 00 

2i2 12 JO 

Ä23 II 40 

^5: 20 25 

^ 13 So 

^ ]0 00 

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gJO 0 00 

gjl 14 40 

g.3 90 00 

^6 4 SO 

2.37 8 40 

2.38 20 20 

m 31 10 

210 12 95 

2« 19 20 

212 18 (K) 

—140 (15 
—24 40 
— 7 60 
—IS 00 
— 12 So 
-153 20 
— 5 00 
-20 70 

447 tl2 SO 

44S 9 00 

150 8 JO 

451 17 20 

452 3 HO 

45.3 44 SO 

454 11 40 

4.55 5 00 

4.56 8 20 

457 93 40 

458 1 50 

459 0 40 

460 9 40 

401 2 50 

5 70 

464 39 80 

165 50 

PJ« 2 50 

167 13 00 

168 52 15 

471 48 70 

47.3 40 20 

474 4 00 

476 — 17.3 80 

477 1 75 

478 50 80 

481 2 50 

482 2.3 10 

483 77 00 

480 25 20 

4S7 5 t o 

490 85 10 

491 6 50 

402 7 50 

493 38 20 

495 16 90 

498 2 25 

499 8 80 

500 1 00 

.501 2 80 

502 4 00 

503 4 60 

504 18 60 

.505 11 25 

500 10 00 

507 9 00 

508 10 00 

509 15 80 

510 10 00 

511 14 00 

612 10 00 

51.3 86 20 

514 6 00 

515 46 20 

516 10 00 

;{()1 31 SO 517 16 50 

K32 17 SO 1518 10 00 

j{0:i 7 2.) |519 10 00 

864 11 00 ,520 10 00 

80D 19 JO 521 24 00 

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m — 20}) 80 

310 10 8i5 

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112 II 00 

313 1.3 80 

814 8 40 

315 0 00 ‘463 

810 10 (.0 

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318 22 (.0 

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427 8 00 

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350 Ji8 40 

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|0C:2;x) 2 SIZ,? 

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20 1251 u 

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1250'0 S ?^7, " 'i 

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551 s 

"2 20 

367 7 40 

.368 M 80 

860 19 60 

870 4 40 

871 2 00 

872 6 70 

5173 5 60 

875 — 152 20 

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877 12 70 

S78- 6 80 

tjHO 8 40 

.381 20 20 

)182 66 40 

?J88 12 85 

;184 27 05 

1.S5 6 40 

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;S8 8 60 

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15 20 

;oi 17 25 

*92 10 50 

m 1.3 00 

391 10 20 

:195 10 J«J 

:«)6 27 20 

897 10 45 

7 SO 
,399 7 85 

400 8 (K) 

401 26 00 

402 9 40 

4a3 1.3 (X) 

404 — 10 no 

405 6 00 

406 11 00 

107 H 60 

408 6 80 

1 001659 16 65 

410 9 05 6»H7 U 40 





■ 7 00 

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418 2 20 

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420 20 40 

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21 10 1428^ r..S75 

39 20 U21 6 00 

0 40 125 12 40 

54 70 ! 126 15 JO 

14 CO 127 (y< 40 

1 40 1 428 6 SO 

13 (X) '429 32 30 

.39 00 180 1.3 20 

SS 22 40 l48l 2 75 

8 (X) 482 22 (X) 

288. 19 90 483 18 20 | 

1770 7 20 

(,7H 8 (X) 

0S7 9 20 

mr2 4 (X) 

606 9 70 

vm 9 70 

o:{ — 5 10 

;0l 5 HO 

707 20 95 

712 (J 05 

14 9 HO 

71D 40 10 

10 21 20 

17 29 1»5 

7251 10 20 

720 17 20 

.31 251 45 

740 5 40 

7D0 .32 20 

707 10 00 

7SÖ 2 (X) 


. f 12,Oir7 38 


Name. Union. 



John Parsons 


$200 00 


Thos. Egan 


200 00 


Mrs. Ida C. P7ricksc5n . . . 


25 00 


Cyrille Perras 


100 (X) 


Otto Bruckner 


200 00 


Philip Nachaut 


200 00 


J. F. I*'etzer 


200 00 


Mrs. Elizabeth Freeman . 


25 00 


Mrs. Anna Kinst .... 


50 00 


James A. Cmiuingham . . 


2(X) (X) 


Henry Oscar Grimmer . . 


100 (K) 


Alfred Almquist 


200 (X) 


William Ghent 

200 00 


Mrs. Mary Cahill 


50 00 


Mrs. Mary L, Chipman . . 


50 00 


Mrs. Ida Long 


50 00 


Mrs. Anna M. Wallace . . 


50 00 


Mrs. Anna A. Peterson . . 


rx) (H) 


David Flynn 


2(X) (X) 


Mrs. Julia E. Ives 


50 (X) 


Mrs. Elizabeth Nagle . . . 


50 00 


Alexander Wright (,dis) . . 


400 (X) 


J. A. Smith 


200 00 


Mrs. Hansiim Wildenradt . 


50 00 


Mrs. Evelyn J. Earl .... 


50 (X) 


Henry Webster Force . . . 


200 00 


Thomas Anderson .... 


2(X) (X) 


Richard B. Wilmot .... 


200 (X) 


Jonn W. Earisou 


1(X) 00 


Mrs. Bertha Kosanke . . . 


2i5 00 


Mrs. Anna Cadaras .... 

rX) (K) 


(3eo. W. Earnest 


2(X) (X) 


F^niest Eambert 

200 00 


James Ryan 

200 00 


John Martin 

2(X) 00 


Henry Werner 

2(X) 00 


Mrs. Catharine Hehler . . 


rx) 00 

494 i 

Mrs.Wilhelminft Brautigan 


50 00 


Peter Johnson 

2(K) 00 


Mrs. Emma A. Reynolds . 


50 OC 


Mrs. 'I'heresa F'reihofer . . 


fX) 00 


Mrs. W. Siler 


rx) 00 


Pius Eppler 


2(X) 00 


John Stevenson 


200 00 


George Sherrett 


100 00 


John J. Meiideth 


2(X) 00 


Mrs. Pauline Holdorf . . . 


50 00 


Mrs Mary Allen 

50 00 


1‘ranz Schreiner 


200 (X) 


Mrs. Eeoutina Forsl>erg . . 


50 00 


William .Seidel 

200 00 


200 00 

$6,475 00 

An Important Decision. 

The vSupreme Court in the case of the 
City of Philadelphia to the use of the 
Rose Brick Manufacturing Company vs. 
Stewart, decided a question of interest to 
all who do city work. On March 30, 1896, 
Councils passed an ordinance requiring 
contractors for city work to give, in ad- 
dition to'' the bond for the faithful per- 
formance of the contract, a penalty bond 
that the contract would pay all sub-con- 
tractors and those who furnished ma- 
terial and labor upon the work. 

The defendant had a contract with the 
city gave such a bond and received his 
pay for the work. The brick company 
then brought suit in the city’s name to 
recover for material furnished to Stewart 
under that contract. The defense set 
up part payment by the giving of a 
promissory note and that the .suit could 
not be maintained because Councils had 
no power to pass such an ordinance. 
Common Pleas Court sustained the plain- 
tiff and Stewart appealed. 

In the decision of the Supreme Court 
Justice Mitchell sustains the City Coun- 
cils and among other things says: “It 

is the right as well as the interest of the 
city to secure good work upon its con- 
tracts for public improvements, and there 
is no better policy toward that end than 
to satisfy honest and competent work- 
men that they can rely on being paid. 
There being no right of mechanic’s lien 
against public work, the work and ma- 
terial men are to that extent in the con- 
tractor’s power as to pay, and that fact 
has a natural tendency to pro<liice skimped 
work and inferior materials by the class 
of men willing to run that risk. Against 
this risk the city is entitled to protect 
itself by enacting assurances from the 
contractor that he will pJiy his honest 
debts accrued in the city’s work.” 

Here are a thousand men who pay their 
taxes, send their children to school and 
live peaceful lives — they are Republicans. 
There are a thousand of their neighbors, 
who also pay their taxes, rear their chil- 
dren properly and are looked upon as 
good citizens — these are Democrats. The 
interests of the two thousand men are 
identical. The good of one is tlie good 
of the other. Their wives visit each 
other, their children play together. If 
they are religious, they listen on Sunday 
to preaching from the pulpit, call each 
other “ brother,” and break from the 
same loaf. On Monday, if it happens to 
be the day before election, they call each 
other “ fool,” “ rebel,” “ ravScal,” “ cop- 
perhead ” and “scoundrel,” and on 
Tuesday they go to the polls and lock 
horns over nothing — simply disfranchise 
one another — while a gang of bummers, 
plug-uglies and bruisers play the balauce- 
of-power game and triumph over all. In 
the name of common seiivse, is it not time 
to stop this miserable farce ? — 77/^ Tailor. 

Slave Pens At Padrone Colonies. 

The story of a terrible walk full of 
hardships from Charleston, S. C., to New 
York to escape the terrors of the Padrone 
colony at the Pon Pon phosphate works, 
between Charleston and Savannah, has 
just been received by Governor Mc- 
Sweeney is an affidavit made by Nicola di 

Benedetto’s aflidavit contains also a 
startling story of the cruelties, going in 
one case as far as murder, that he says 
were practiced on the helpless victims of 
the padrone system. 

The affidavit was sent to the Governor 
by the Italian Consul at Charleston, who 
received it from the Consul-General in 
New York, with an earnest request for an 
investigation and a reform of the evils 
said to exist at the phosphate works. 

Benedetto says that he escaped from 
the guards at the works on I*'ebruary 27 
and walked to New York, He was nearly 
dead from fatigue, hunger and exposure 
when he reached the metropoli.s. 

He swears that he and others signed a 
contract with Catella Pizza, in New York, 
under which they were to get $2 a day, he 
to pay their expenses and retain the 
amount out of their pay; that Pizza re- 
ceived the checks from the phosphate 
company and rendered his men an ac- 
count showing that they earned 30 cents 
a day, all of which he charged them for 

Benedetto says also that Pizza’s guards 
were armed with guns and knives. If 
one of the men was too sick to work he 
was mercilessly beaten, and Domenico, 
one of the guards, shot and killed a man 
who was ill with fever. Benedetto says 
that the guards said that they had orders 
to shoot any who refused to work. 

Governor McSweeney liad already 
ordered an investigation of the murder 
referred to. 

Chinese by Thousands Oet in by 
Fraudulent Means. 

The San Francisco Ca// says: Thou- 
sands of Chinese are passing the barriers 
of the Custom House, and not only are 
being landed, but are being made native- 
born citizens of California, each with a 
vote and qualifications to participate in 
the political affairs of the city and State. 

It is a.sserted that during the i^ast thir- 
ty-four months over 10,000 Chinese liave 
bean landed, and of these at least 100 a 
month liave been admitted 011 the ground 
tliat they were Ixirn in this State, which 

fact being accepted entitles them to the 
rights of citizenship. 

Charges are made that this influx of 
Orientals is only made possible by fraudu- 
lent evasions of the restriction act. 

The Samaritan. 

If I should see 

A brother langfuishiug in sore distress 
And I should turn and leave him comfortless, 
When I might be 

A messenger of hope and happiness — 

How could I ask to have what I denied 
In my own hour of bitterness supplied ? 

If I might share 

A brother’s load along the dusty way, 

Aud I should tuni and walk alone that day^- 
How could I dare 

When in the even watch I knelt to pray, 

To ask for help to bear my pain and loss. 

If I had heeded not my brother’s cross ? 

If I might sing 

A little song to cheer a fainting heart, 

And I should seal my lips and sit apart — 

When I might bring 

A bit of sunshine for life’s ache and smart — 
How could I hope to have my grief relieved, 

If I kept silent when my brother grieved ? 

And so I know 

That day is lost wherein I fail to lend 
A helping hand unto some wayward friend; 
But if it show 

A burden lightened by the cheer I sent, 

Then do I hold the golden hours well spent. 
And lay me down to sweet content. 

— A non. 

Automatic Mortiser and Borer. 

We illustrate a new machine just 
brought out and put .on the market by 
the Kgan Company, of No. 406 to No. 
426 W. Front street, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

It is their new Automatic Blind Stile 
Mortiser and Borer. 

This machine has been especially de- 
signed for boring holes and making the 
mortise for the stationary slats inside or 
outside blinds for doors and windows and 
occupies but a small floor space. 

It is perfectly reliable and cajiable of 
doing a large amount of work in a first- 
class manner and with less adju.stmeiits 
and less liability to get out of order tlian 
any other now on the market. 

The operator has only to put in the 
stiles and start the machine, it being 
perfectly automatic. It will bore 150 
holes or mark ()0 mortises per minute for 
stationary slats, and will make any style 
or length of mortise from 
of any width, depth or angle desired. 

The stiles are held rigidly while being 
bored or mortised, and by a combination 
in the feeding mechanism are released as 
they are fed forward, and again tightly 
clamped as before. 

The holes and mortises are left per- 
fectly clear from chips, being worked 
from the bottom. 

In fact there are numerous devices and 
conveniences embodied in this machine, 
not contained in any other, and the manu- 
facturers will he pleased to quote you 
prices and all particulars if you write 



Monopolized by Aliens. 

A monopoly that is worthy of con- 
sideration is the monopoly of land. It 
is more so when it is monopolized by 
aliens who never saw it, or never wish to; 
but whose whole interest is centered in 
getting as much from it as possible 
without any consideration as to what 
means are employed in doing so. Land- 
lordism is an evil, but absentee land- 
lordism is a greater. Great Britain has 
privately monopolized a great deal of 
land in this country, and a list of the 
aristocratic members of tliat nation who 
own lands here may not be without in- 
terest. Reynolds Newspaper^ of London, 
England, is authority for the accuracy of 
the figures .submitted. At pre.sent the 
greatest of the holdings are : 

The Texas Land Union — 3,000,000 
acres. Interested peers: Baroness Bur- 

dett-Coutts, Earl Cadogan, the Duke of 
Beaufort, William Alexander Lochiel 
Stephenson, Douglas-Hamilton, Duke of 
Beaudon, the Duke of Rutland, Ughtred 
J. Kay-Shuttleworth, M. P., and Enid 
lithel Cadogan (maid-in-waiting to the 
queen). This syndicate owns w'hole 
counties in Texas, and tens of thousands 
of persons pay it rentals. 

Sir Edward Reid — 2,000,000 acres. 
This is a .syndicate which owns lands 
in Florida only. It includes the pre.sent 
Duchess of Marlborough, Lady Randolph 
Churchill and Lady Lister-Kaye. 

Vi.scount Scully — 3,000,000 acres. His 
lord.ship maintains an elaborate .sy.stem 
of bailiffs. 

Syndicate No. 4 — 1,800,000 acres. This 
syndicate lias all its holdings in 
issippi. It includes the Marquis of 
Dalhousie, Viscount Cholmondeley, Vi.s- 
countess Cross, Lady Gordon and Lady 

Marquis of Tweedale — 1 ,750,000 acres. 

Phillips, Marshall & Co., London — 

1 .300.000 acres. This firm lias the whole 
peerage for its clients. 

The Anglo-American Syndicate, Lon- 
don — 750,000 acres. The funds of wid- 
owed peeresses are largely inve.sted here. 
The lands are in the South and 

Bryan H. Evans — 700,000 acres. Mr. 
Evans resides in London. His lands are 
in Mississippi. 

The Duke of Sutherland — 125,000 acres. 

The Land Company — 320,000 
acres. This land is all in Kansas. 

William Whalley — 310,000 acres. Mr. 
Whalley is the Squire of Peterborough. 

The Mis.souri Land Company — 300,000. 
acres. This operates a Missouri domain 
and lias headquarters at Edinburgh. 

Robert Tennant — ^230,000 acres. This 

all farming land. Mr. Tennant lives in 

Dundee Land Company — 247,000 acres. 

Lord Dunmore — 120,000 acres. 

Benjamin Nevrgas, Liverpool — 100,000 

Lord Houghton, in Florida-60,000 acres. 

English Land Company (in California) 
— 50,000 acres. 

Fhiglish Land Company (in Arkansas) — 

50.000 acres. 

Alexander Grapt, London (in Kansas) — 

35.000 acres. 

Syndicate No. 6 — 110,000 acres. This 
syndicate includes the Earl of Vemlam 
and tlie Earl of Lanke ville. The land is 
in Wisconsin. 

M. Elfenhauser, of Flalifax — 600,000 
acres. The land is in West Virginia. 

Syndicate No. 1 — 50,000 acres. This is 
a Scotch concern, and its land isin Florida. 

It is claimed tliat fully 20,000,000 acres 
of American land are thus owned by 
great landowners in England and Scot- 
land. This does not include the Holland 
Syndicate, which owns 5,000,000 acres of 
grazing land in Western States, nor tlie 
German syndicate, owning 2,000,000 acres 
in various states. 

These landlords— true to the instincts 
of all landlords — have introduced the 
system of extracting rents by agents and 
bailiffs. And to such an extent has rack- 
renting been carried on, that not long 
ago the spectacle was presented of 
American farmers presenting a memorial 
to their landlords in England setting forth 
that they — the farmers — were being 
ruined. As a result, Burdett- 
Coutts was mild, was not so exacting, and 
gave them time; but the Duke of Suther- 
land played the historical role of his 
family and demanded his jKnind of flesh, 
or — eviction. 

It would be very interesting knowl- 
edge to know how these lands were ac- 
quired by the holders; it would also be 
very intere.sting work for the trade 
unionists of this country to do as their 
brothers in New Zealand have done under 
similar circumstances. Make occupancy 
.^d use the principal necessity in getting 
and retaining a title to land and alien — 
and all other kinds of landlordism — rack- 
renters will disappear. — Machinists' 

(iood Arrangement for Both. 

The enemies of Trades Unions .should 
understand one thing. The w’orkingmen 
of this country will have an organization 
for protection. It will be either of the 
character of the Trades Unions of to-day 
or of the character tliat work and meet 
in the wee snia’ hours and are oath 
bound. The men who deny and de- 
nounce the right of labor to organize, and 
who claim that no good can come of 
it to the workingmen, themselves give 
the lie to the argument by organizing 
with their competitors and claiming that 
in such unionism there is protection and 
safety. If organization is good for the 
employer it is alike beneficial for the 
empl oy ee . — Exchange. 

What Trades Unions Have Done. 

The peace, liappiness and a sense bor- 
dering on contentment can never prevail 
until the great mass of the people have 
learned to successfully establish a better 
and higher plane in life. The Trades 
Unionist holds that the .surest way to per- 
manently reach that state is through the 
Trades Union system of organization. 
History fully confirms tliat belief. The 
Trades Union lives on, despite all draw- 
backs, while other reform movements 
fail to accomplish one-half the beneficial 
results for the producing classes that are 
to the credit of the Trades Union move- 
ment. Who can successfully say tliat 
the Trades Union lias not done more to 
lift the masses up to their present standard 
than all the other alleged agencies com- 
bined ? Who shortened the hours of 
labor from sixteen and eighteen to eight, 
nine and ten per day ? Trades Unions. 

Who established scales of prices all 
over tlie land? Trades Unions. Who 
cared for the unemployed during the 
late industrial depression? Trades 
Unions. Where would the scale of prices 
be now if it were not for the Trades 
Unions? And yet there are idiots who 
can be found who will say that Trades 
Unions are no good and that other means 
must be adopted; and there are others 
who believe them. In reaching conclu- 
sions, let us consider facts. They are 
more sub.stantial than theories. It is not 
the fault of tlie Trades Union that it has 
not accompli.shed more; it is the fault of 
those who blindly stand aloof. If the 
union can do much with its present mem- 
bership, what would be the result if all 
were organized ? Let us bend our 
efforts in that Exchange. 

The Trade Unions. 

Trade unions mark the orderly rise and 
development of the wealth producing 
classes through the evolutionary educa- 
tional process. 

Their methods and results standout in 
bold relief, when contrasted with the 
revolutionary eccentric methods applied 
by the reactionary enthusiast. 

Revolutions may, and undoubtedly have 
checked the degeneracy of nations, but 
invariably leave the great mass of the 
people in the same economic condition. 

The great revolution in France may 
have checked the degeneracy of the 
reigning government, otherwise, it in no 
way improved the economic condition of 
the masses. On the other hand, the or- 
ganization of the producers in trade 
unions in England, not only had the 
effect of checking the degenerate ten- 
dency of the government, but it improved 
the economic condition of the toilers as 

In the first instance oceans of bloocl 
was shed and myriads of precious human 
lives were sacrificed on the altar of 
patrioti.sni, with no resultant improve- 
ment in the economic condition of the 
masses, while in the second instance not 
a drop of blood or a life w^as sacrificed, 
and great benefits occurred 
to the workers in increased wages and 
improved factory and general working 

The foregoing instance illustrate.s' the 
orderly development of the working class 
movement along the lines of the least 
resistance, the cost, the smallest 
sacrifice, and the greatest re.sultant bene- 
fits. Trade unions are the natural and 
logical refuge of the producing 
They lead straight to the fulfilment of 
labor’s hopes and anticipations. 

It has been truthfully said tliat the 
permanent prosperity and high develop- 
ment of any nation depends upon the 
economic well being of the great mass of 
its citizens. History and our own ex- 
perience clearly indicate that this can 
best be accomplished through the trades 
union movement 

The producing capacity of any country 
is developed just in proportion to the 
ability of the masses to consume. There 
are no means better calculated to make 
consumers of a nation’s hosts than for its 
people to unite in trades union, and, 
through their agency, unitedly secure 
more and more, until they obtain all that 
which they create. This result will in- 
evitably follow the complete union of 
labor and harmonious working in unison 
with one common purpose in view'. 

This indi.sputable economic fact was 
recognized by the founders of the trades 
union movement, and furni.shes a part of 
the foundation upon which are grounded 
the hopes and expectations of its present 

Little authentic knowledge is obtainable 
of the early struggles, the privations, the 
ceaseless unrewarded toil of the masses, 
whOj until comparitively a short time ago, 
were looked upon as mere beasts of bur- 
den and treated as such, but to the ana- 
lytical mind, or even to the ca.sual ob- 
server who reflects upon the accumula- 
tions of great w'ealth in the hands of the 
few who are dissipating at tlie expense of 
the life’s blood of innocent children, de- 
fenseless women and poverty-.stricken 
men, who toil for a pittance tliat the 
favored few may reap the harvest and revel 
in licentious luxury, it requires no great 
stretch of the imagination to depict the 
condition of the toiler of the early ages. 

As long as conditions prevail it is 
thedutyof intelligent, thoughtful, honest 
men to encourage the development of 
trades union, the great levelers of social 
and economic inequalities, the historical, 
practical and logical means by which 

labor is enabled to achieve more an 
more, and finally, all of the just fruits o 
its honest toil, and, if necessary, ® 
their maintenance. 

Trades unions point out the path^®^ 
and hold out the hope whereby 
will finally bridge and obliterate tie 
hitherto almost impassible chasm t 
separates the exploited and exploiti^^ 
classes, wdio, by stolen privileges an 
backed by corporate monied interests^ 
and in some instances by the judicial an 
military strong arm of the government, 
are enabled to rob labor of its just re 

Trades unions, in addition to being 
gressive and a bulwark 

are also educational in their nature, 
only will they teach labor how to lay t 
foundations of its future industrial hoiue. 
but w'ill also fit it to succes-sfully gover^ 
and administer the entangled machin^^' 
so necessary to the successful inanafe^ 
ment of an ideal social and ecoiiom 

Too much importance cannot 

be at' 

tached to the trades union movem ^ 
for the underlying principles of 



movement have already brought 
their first fruits of economic freeo ^ 
which with proper care and developir^® j 
will mature into a perfect social a 
economic system. Were it not for 
unions the prospects for labor 
indeed be unpromi.sing and the I 
shrouded in gloom . — Labor World- 

Reasons for Organizing Labor 


Because the union helps us to raise 
wages. This is proven by all niau*^ 

Because it helps to prevent red“ 
in wages. Wages are seldom cut 
a well-organized trade or calling* 
Because it aids in getting ns s 
hours. Unorganized people have to 

long hours. ^h. 


Because in union there is 
This applies to the wage- workers as 


as the .states of the Union. 



Because it lessens excessive — 
tion for situations. Useless coiiip® ^ 
is useless friction. , 

Because it educates as to public 
tions. The Trade Union takes 
of the debating society and the pa^ 
fessor’s lecture. 

Because it gives men and vvonicn^ 
reliance. The .servile i 
a free man or woman. 

Because it develops fraternity* ^jf 
men are all too jealous and suspic^ 
one another, even at best. it is a good i^vcstnicu^’^^^ ^ 
other in.stitution gives back so 
return for expenditure of time and 

Because it makes the workefS 
as well as work. The workers ^ 
rub their intellects together in nia 
common concern. 

Because it enlarges acquaintances*^^^^, 
world is too much restricted for 

Because it teaches us co-opc 
When laborers will co-operate t 


own the earth. 


Because it makes the shop ^ 
place to work in. An arrogant 
can’t bully a union card. 

Because it is your duty 
union man is the suttler of the 

army. it helps the fund > • 
money, more comforts and niof 
ries, if you please. . acld^'^ it is a labor-.saving 
The lever of organization can 

whole industrial world. 


Because it is legal. The State 
forced to take off the conspi*"®^ 





^f^'tions U7tder this head cost ten cents a line.) 

^-»0CAL Union 1H8, Kansas City, Kansas, 
jj. It has pleased Almighty God in 

infinite wisdom to remove from onr midst 
’’^beloved brother, W. S. Denison, who snd- 
^^l^^rted this life on the 17th of March. 

^ ^Krkas, Uocal Union IHK feels the loss of a 
hful member and a zealous promoter of 


Resolved ^ That we drape our charter in mourn- 

‘"«for thirty days. 

^solved^ That we e.xpress our sincere sym- 
*y the bereaved family and friends, that a 
Py of these resolutions be spread upon the 
of our union, that a copy be sent to the 
Ibe deceased brother and a copy be 
’ ‘Shed in The Carpenter. 

W. F. Jones, | 

J. IlRowN, Committee. 

flEORGE McMullen. ) 

I«ocAL Union No. 821, Connellsville, Pa. 
His pleased Almighty God in 

^ ' infinite wisdom to remove our beloved 
her, Michael D. Kerr, who departed this 
Manuary 2|, hK)(). 

^*^-Heas, Our union has lost a charter mem- 
and an earnest worker in the cause of union- 

therefore be it, 

^ That we submit to the will of Him 

|!^Hoeth all things well. 

jjj ^’*ö/7vrf, That our local drape its charter in 
for thirty days, and that we express 
^sympathy with the l>erenvcd relatives of the 


J^fsolvgd^ That a copy of these resolutions be 
on the minutes of our Uocal Union, also 
presented to the bereaved family, and 
^ ^ ^opy be sent to the official journal ami the 

^ *^y paper of our city for jmblication, 

S. W. Strawn, ) 

James Ross, V Conifnittee, 

J. A. McKesson, j 

oae he 

a , 

. ^hh« 

Local Union 101», Erie, Pa. 

jj. •'■Kras, It has pleased Almighty God in 
(jjjr wis<lom to remove from our midst 
esteemed brother, S. A. Horton, and 
Hehkas, We feel the loss of a very worthy 
f ^^'of our union, and one who merited the 
of all wdio knew him; therefore be it, 
ijj That our charter be draped in mourn- 

? for thirty days, and that we express our 
^I'e sympathy to the bereaved family of our 
^^^»ed brother, and be it further. 

That a copy of these resolutions lie 
upon our minutes, that a copy of the 

« ' ’ ‘ " 

flip « ***^*^^ family and a copy be sent to 


^^Rpknter, our official journal, for pub- 


T. H. Mosher, 

M. J, McDonald, 
C. N. Sherman. 


^ ^>CAL Union No. 528, Galve.ston, Tex. 
*^^'HEas, It has pleased Almighty God in His 
wisdom and love, to take to him.self our 
brother, H. Klliott, and 

We mourn the loss of a faithful 
^f our Union, and one wholmerited the 
^ of all who knew him, therefore be it. 

L'hat our charter be draped in moum- 
8ijj ^ fbirty days, and that we express our 
®ynipathy to the bereaved family of our 
brother. And be it further 

That a copy of these resolutions be 
(« 0 ^^ on the minutes of our meeting, that a 
jIqjj ^^fb«i»aame be presented to the family, and 
^ our official journal, The Carpen- 
to the Galveston Join nat for Publica- 



King Bunting, ^ . 

H. o ■ Commtttee. 

De Bore, 

'• C. Godwin, 

• H- Mitchell, R. S. 

Xpj Kocal Union 554, Davenport, Iowa. 

It has pleased the Almighty God of 
S: '’^ein His all wise Providence to remove 
*uidst, Emma, the beloved wife of 
^^***'t>RiCH Hansen; therefore be it, 
'Hiat we’ the memliers of Carpenters’ 
hereby express ©ur sincere 
sympathy to our brother in bis sad 
Also be it. 

That ns a tribute to her memory the 
this Local Union .shall be draped for 


“tty ^ — »* - « 

mi these resolutions lie spread < 

that a copy of the same be pre- 
brother Hansen, and that a copy l>e 
official journal. The Carpenter, 

J. p T 

• Eohsk, 

****-ia.m Friedmann I Committee. 
' Clkverstünb. e 

Local Union 8118, I/Cwiston, Idaho. 

Whereas, It has has pleased Almighty God 
in His infinite wisdom and love to take to Him- 
self our beloved brother R. McMillen, 

Whereas, We feel the loss of a faithful mem- 
ber of our union No. 8H8, and one who merited 
the respect of all who knew him. 

Whereas, Beit, 

Jii'sotved, That our charter be draped in mourn- 
ing for thirty days and that we express sincere 
sympathy to the beloved family of our deceased 
brother; also be it, 

ResohJed, That a copy of these resolutions be 
spread on the minutes of our meeting, that a 
copy of the same lie presented to the family and 
a copy sent to The C.artenter our official 

W. H. Green, \ 

P. S. Monahan, > Committee. 

P'. L. Edmi.ston. j 

Local Union No. .’181, Norfolk, Va. 

Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God in 
His infinite wisdom and love to remove from 
among ns our beloved Brother Henry Lantrip; 

Whereas, The members of this Union feel 
the loss of a faithful brother and an earnest 
worker; therefore be it,» 

Resolved, That we drape our charter for thirty 
days, and that we express sympathy to the 
family of our deceased brother. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
•spread upon the minutes of this Union, that a 
copy be presented to the bereaved family, and 
that they be published iu our official organ. The 

A. J. Dunklry, \ 

J. V. Buck, Committee. 

B. B. B.vrden. 3 

Rapid Mortice Locks. 

A new feature in lock construction of 
especial interest to carpenters and build- 
ers is embodied in 3>^-incli steel locks 
which Russell & Erwin Manufacturing 
Company are putting upon the market. 
This con.sists in making both fronts and 
strikes with rounded ends, a form which 
permits the mortises to be nearly com- 
pleted with a %-inch augur-bit, only the 
wood between the augur-holes remaining 
to be cleaned out with a chisel. 

The centres for the bit are marked 
upon the centre of the door and jamb bj^ 
the prongs on the back of the strike, 
which may be forced into the wood with 
a .slight lap of the hammer. 

Other distances are obtained from the 
points and openings of the .striker the 
di.stance from the edge of the door to the 
knob centre. The points upon the strike 
are small and hardly perceptible when the 
lock and strike are in position. 

The coiLstruction of the locks greatly 
hastens and simplifies their application. 
They can be fitted by those who are not 
particularly skilled in lock-fitting and can 
be morti.sed in hardly more than one- 
third the time required for morticing 
locks with square end fronts. The Rapid 
Mortise Locks are made in all finishes 
and are packed as part of the locksets of 
various designs which this company 

After a lengthy session the Confer- 
ence Committee of the miners and opera- 
tors of the Indiana bituminous field 
reached an agreement last week. The 
operators withdrew from their position 
on the powder question, and the miners 
can purchase their powder in the open 
market. In return the miners waived 
the weekly wage question, and wages 
will be paid every two weeks, as liere- 

Agents for The Carpenter. 

68 . 











454. Bessemer — G. M. Clotfelter, Brighton. 

75. Bir.mingham— E. E. Friselle. IfA)! 4tn ave. 
422. North Birmingham — W. S. Cooper. 

271. Gadsden — T. F. Marlow. 

266. Ensley— W. B. Smith. 

812. Montgomery — C. J. Taschal, vH Clevelaml 

858. “ — (Col.) E. M. Lewis, SIO Jefferson. 

86. Mobile— W. Walker, 150 Chatham st. 

62. " — (Col.) W. G. I.,ewi.s.751 »St. Louis st. 

508. PiiENix— Z. T. Gradly, 1211 18th st. 

410. Selma — (Col.)C. D. llaygood.fii^Lawrence. 
472. “ Geo. W. Walker, lh)2 Division st. 


586. Little Rock — E. T. Etzbach, 1120 Com- 
merce st. 

866. Men>s— O. D. Henley. 

86. Fort Smith — T. C. Gardner. 


19*1. Alameda — C. H. Thrane, 2675 Johnson ave. 
882. l,os Angeles — F. C. Wheeler, Bo.x28.8. 

426. “ —Geo. E. Brewer. 807 E. 21st. 

86. Oakland— Charles J, Jacobs, 1767 Grove .st. 
550. “ —(Mill) C. \V. Schneider. 

285. Riverside — Charles Hamilton, 516 6th st, 
S.AN h'RANCisco— .Secretary Djst. Council, 
Henry Mcj*er, 122 Gates. 
22. “ N.L.Wandell,! ia8',^ Mission st,Sta.B. 

65. “ (Latin» L. Masarie” 44,' Erte st. 

801. “ (tier.) Chas. Goldbeck, 885 12th st, 

428. " (Mill) J. G. Fallon, 8511 Dnncan st. 

488. “ Guy Lathrop, 6l5'y^ Market st. 

616. “ (Stair) J. I*. Harkins, 72^6 Natomia .st. 

816, »San Jose — W. Reinhold, 8th and Empire st. 
162. San Mateo — W. Hewyke. 

85. San Rafael- L. Johansen, Box 164. 

180. Vallejo— I. Christianson, 578 Kentucky st* 


468. Brantford, Ont.— J. H. Ness, 180 Park av 
514. Fernie, B. C. — Thus. B. Mcllmoyle. 

526. Greenwood, B. C. — T. W. Wiiinett. 

88. Halifax, N. S.— Geo. Browne, 12 Willow 
18. Hamilton — W. J. Frid. 25 Nelson st. 

216, Kingston, Ont. — L C. Robinson, 876 Bagot. 
184, Montreal — (Fr.) E. P'rechette, 1786 St. 


521. Nelson, B. C. — Jas. Collins. 

255. Rat Portage, Ont.— F. Mercier. 

88. »St. Catherines— Jas. Hindsou, Henry st. 
220. St. Thomas, Ont. — P. A. Campbell.Bo'x 761. 
27. Toronto — D. D. McNeill, 188 Hamburg ave. 
617. Vancouver, B. C.— H. S. Falconer, Box 281. 
55.8. Waterloo— C. F. Brandt. 

.m Winnipeg, Man.— J. J. Moore, (vMl McDer- 
mott ave. 


868 . 



6 . 8 . 







1 . 



21 . 


68 . 








20 ». 

















8 . 86 . 





2 » 1 . 







166 . 


264. Boulder— J. C. Jetmore, 16.86 Water st. 

48JI. Canon City— G. C. Hawley, 111 ,S. lOth st. 
417. Colorado City — F. E. Seward. Box 85. 

515. Colorado Springs- D. R. Blood, 17 W. 

Fountain st. 

Cripplp: Creek— S ec. of Dist. Council, 
T. W. Rei<l, Box 5, Independence, 

647. Cripple Creek— W. W. Lovett, Box 864. 

65, Denver— D, M. Woods, 1451 Curtis st 
475. Florence— R. E. Higgins. 

241. Grand Junction— F. M. Diehl. 

178. Independence — T. W. Reid. P. O. Box 5. 
4JK». Leadville- D. Nunn, 218 W. 1th st. 

281. Ouray— P. H. Shuc, Box 546, 

.862, Pueblo — M. L. To<id, 2720 Fifth ave. 

267. Telluride— O. F. Carpenter. 

584, Victor — C. P'. Palmer, Box .8.84. 


115. Bridgeport— Martin L. Kane, 500 Park av. 
127. Derby — John A. Thomas, Shelton, Conn. 
UM», Greenwich— F. W. Herbert. 

48. Hartford— Alex. McKay, 8.8 Julius st. 

67. New Britain — John Nelson, 55» Beaver st. 
76. New Havp:n — Wm. Wilson. 508 Chaple st. 
188. New London — A. G. Keeney, 7 Wall st. 

187. Norwich — F. S. Edmonds, 268 Central ave. 
74»J. Norwalk -William A. Kellogg, Box 861. 
210. »Stamford— E. J. Crawford, 2;> Franklin st. 
216. Torrington— U. C. Ramsey, »05 Prospect st 
260. Waterbury — Jos. E. Saudiford,27 N. Vine. 





























160. Washington— J. T. Kenyon, 1415 Rhode 
Island ave., N. W. 



876. Bagdad- R. S. Robertson, Milton, Fla. 

224. JACK.SONVILLE— (Col.) S. T. MiniLS, 606 W. 
Union st. 

6(X5. — ^A. C. MacNcil, 815 E. Churoh st. 

74. Pensacola— J. A, Lvle, 816*4 W.Za wagossa. 
jy; “ _(Col.) W. A. Woods, 16 W. Wright st. 

581. St.'Pp:tersburg— P. E- Woodward. 

(«MJ. Tampa— C. B. Hester, 2107 Tampa st. 


552. Amkricus-(Co1.) J. W. Redding, 516 Win 




















I ENS- Eugene Borry. 

lanta— »S ecretary Dist. Council. Thos. 

T. Black, 71 McDifniel st. 

'• : —(Cars) C. M. Hudson, Box 686. 

—Thos. J. Black, 71 McDaniel st. 
“ — J. W. Cross, 6 Lloyd st. 

•• —(Col.) G. W. Smith. Angesav. 

;usTA— (Col T. P. Lewis. 1806 Philip st, 
**■ — W. M. Hare, 1627 Watkins st. 

“• — J. A. Hires. 

JNSW’ICK— (Col.) J. Barron, 2Ui Stone- 
wall st. 







201 . 

Columbus- (Col.) P. C. Tiusley. 

“ — M. C. Gorham, 

Darien — Benj. S. Brown. 

Macon — G. S. Bolton, 520 Elm st. 

“ — (Col.) A. D. Jackson, Geiil Dcf 

Rome — J. H. Deiisen. 

Savannah — ^J. N. Wilbon, 515 Duffy, W’est. 

“ — (Col.) Thos. J. Carter, 808 Drayton 

Valdosta— G. B. Saunders. 

“ —(Col.) Isaac Beard. 


I.EWiSTON— Flank Murray. 


Alton — Thomas Oddy, 650 Union st. 
Belleville — Henry Steiner, (.05 S. Illinois. 
Bloomington — S. G. Cuimiugham, »01 E. 
Mill st. 

Brighton Park— O. Gratton, .8S();) S. Al- 
baii3' ave. 

Canton — J. W. Poper, 481 N. ave. B. 
Centralia— William Good. 

Champaign— O. V. Miller, -f07 W. Thoma.s. 
Charlf.ston— V. S. Brown. 

Chester- D. Ahrens. 

Chicago — Secretary of Dis. Council, Thos. 

Neale, 187 E. Wash, st., Room 7. 
— W. G. Schardt, 186 E. Wash, st., Rm. 2. 
“ — J. H. Stevens, 6026 Peoria st. 

“ — T. J. Lclivelt, 1710 Fillmore st. 

“ — (French) P. Hudon,207 S. Center a v. 
“ — (Bo.) John Dloiihy, 186ÜS. Homan av. 
“ —William W. Beunette, 1602 N. Pau- 
line st. 

“ — K. G. Torkelson, 1614 N. Central Park 

“ — (Ger.) Herman Voell,5111 Paulina st. 
“ —James Bell, 1810 W. 18th PI. 

“ — (Ger.) Emil Demme, 2614 Drake ave., 
»Station G. 

“ — (Jewish) Isaac Birkhau, 102 Bunker. 
“ — (Stairs) Gust. Han.seu, 7({2 N. Rock- 
well st. 

Chicago Hpiights— Eimest Green. 
COFFKEN — W. W’. Whitlock. 
Collinsville— John M. Sauer. 
Danville— E. A. Rogei's,»» Columbus st, 
Duüuoin— W, J. Wallace. 

East »St. T^ouis— E. Wendling, 512 111. ave. 
p;dward.svillk— J. M. Wilkins, Box 110. 
Elgin — W. A. Underhill. 858 Beiitst. 
Englewood — D. D. Sinclair, 7121 Marsh- 
field ave. 

Freeburo— H. Geiger. New Athens. 
Galesburg -Nels. Johnson, 486 Philip st. 
Grd. Cro.ssing— j. Murray, 1266 F^. 71st st. 
Highwood — R. J. O’Brien, Highland Park. 
Joliet— G. I). Kamigv *21» Willow ave. 
Kensington— (Fr.) Ed. Lapolice, 214 W. 
IKJth .st. 

Kewanek— C has. Wincinist, 6;>0N. Elm st. 
Litchfield — G eo*. C. Feiner. 

Lake Forest- Willis Russell, Box 17. 

La »Salle — James Noonan, 812 Tonte st. 
Lincoln — J. E. Walker, 702 Decatur st. 
Litchfield— Wm. Bray. 

Madison — J. P. Farley, Box 114. 

M ATTOON — J. E. Goodbrake, 1805 Broatlway. 
Moline— Charles Halley. 

Moreland— J as. M. Pafnie,2011 Monroe st., 

Mt. Olive— J ohn Shrei^. 

Ottawa — J. D. Geary, 2i6 Deleen st. 

Peoria — J. H. Rice, »02 Behrends ave. 

Peru — J oseph Scholle, Box 155. 

Quincy — F. W. Enscher, 1025 Madison st. 
Rock Island — Geo. C. Barnes, 608 8th st. 
»South Chicago— J. C. Grantham, 802.8 Ed- 
wards ave., ,Stn. »S., Chicago. 
Sparta — H. L. Cooper. 

Spri.vgfield — T. M. Blankcn.shii>, ll.'lUj E. 
JefTerson st. 

,St a tt n t o n — Bern a rd A ckerm an . 

Streator — Edw. Kraske, 1112 »S. Bloom- 
ington st. 

Waukegan — J. Demerest, 716 County st. 
Witt — C. Armentrout. 


Alexandria— J. W. Crook. 

Anderso.v — Ross Eshelmau,606 Hendricks. 
Brazil— I). Strong, 816 Vermont st. 
Clinton — F. Whithed. 

Elwood— W. A. Reynolds, P. O. Box 824. 
Evansville— .Sami. Stork, 620 East III st. 
Gas City — George Tribby, Box 86,8. 
Ha.mmond — Urvm SpatTord,422 Stanton st. 
Hartford City— George Sliger. 
Indianapolis— (Gr.) John Eisler, 1822 »Sin- 
gleton st. 

“ — J. T. Goode, 808 W. Maryland st. 

JKFFKR.SONVILLE- W. Glascr, (v’12 E. Court 

Lafayette— H. K. HuflTman, 1827 Salem st. 
Ijnton— Jas. P. Parks. 

Marion — J. M. Simons, (-06 E. Sherman st. 
Morocco— J. E. Manley. 

MuNCiE — D. M. WinteiTi, 585 S. Gaskev st. 
NEW' Albany- Geo. W. I^mmous, *J0.8 W. 

Spring St. 

South Bend— Geo. W. Gain, 818 W. »Sample. 
Terre Haute- C. L. Hudson, B»2(> N. lOth. 
Vincennes — A. C, Pennington, King’s H’t’l. 


Wagoner — Charles Allen. 


Boone— G. 1„. McElroy. 

Burlington— John Brener, 1,341 Griswold. 
Cedar Rapids— C. A. Traev, 615 S. 7th st. E. 
COVNCIL BLUFFS— L. P. Chambers. 
Davenport— H.W. Schweider,1427 Mitchel. 
Des Moines— j. A. McConnell, 1415 Linden 

" — (Mill) C. »Sevenson. 

Dubuque— M. R. Hogan, 26»»7th st. 

Fort Dodge — W m. I^eahy, 716 N. 6th st. 
Ottumw’A— J ohn W, Morrison, (»25 w. 4th. 
Sioux City — A. B. Davenport. 


Argentine— M. Murijhy, Box .847. 
loLA— C. C. Fronk. 

Kansas City— fieo. McMullen, 886 Muncie 

Lawrence- -W. L. Ha.stie, 111.3 Penn st. 
Leavenworth— J. Schaufler, Montezuma 

Topeka— A. M, H. Claiidv, 408 Tyler st. 
W’lCHiTA— J. L. Taylor, 624 S. Market st. 




712. Covington — C. Glattini?, 1502 Kavanaugh. 
7H6. *' — (Ger.j J. W. Man tz, 88 Trevor. 

442. Hopkinsville— Jamc.s Weston. 

108. Louisville -H. S. Hoffman, 1787 Gallagher 
21-1. “ — vGr.) J. Schneider, 1180 K. Jacob av. 

098. Newport— W. E. Wing, 022 Central ave. 


New Orleans— Secretary of Dist. Council , 
F. G. Wetter, 2220 Josephine st. 
70. “ — Aug. Limberg,714Foucher St. 

701. “ — F. buhrkop, til5 Cadiz st. 

789. “ — M. Joaquin, 1804 St. Roche ave. 

85. Shreveport— C. B. Huff, Box 201. 


285. Bath — E. C. Plummer, 97 Drummer st. 

459. Bar Harbor— E. K. Whitaker. 

407. Lewiston — Geo. E- Lombard, 58 Goff st., 

517. Portland — J. C. Burns, Roberts st. 

848. Waterville — S. C. Burrill,20 Summer st. 


2i). Baltimore — W. H. Keenan, JKH} Asquith st. 
44. “ — (Ger.) H. B. Schroeder, 2808 

Canton ave. 


895. Adams— Manly Sherman, 8-1 E. Hoosac st. 
Boston — Secretary of Dist. Council, H. 
Fogel, 88 Dickens st., Dor. 

88. “ — C. J. Gallagher, 158 Howard ave., 


4.’18. Brookline— A. C. Wallace, 268 Pond ave. 
441. Cambridge- J. L. Mclsack, 78 Washington 
418. Chelsea— P. vS. Mulligan, 22 Potban. 

880. Dorchester— H. F. Campbell, 10*18 Dor- 
chester ave., Boston. 

218. E. Bo.ston — C. M. I>empsey, 272 Meridian st. 
223. Fall River — Edw. Gagne, 784 Walnut st. 
82. Haverhill — George Frost, Box 401. 

421. Hingham — H. E. Wherity, Box 118. 

890. Holyoke— J. A. Morin, Box 88, So End. 
•1ÜÜ. Hudson — George E. Biyant, Box 125. 

111. Lawrence- Wm. C. Gemmel, 25 Crosby st. 
870. Lenox — P. H. Cannavan, Box 27. 

49. Lowell — Frank A. Kappler, 1418 Gorham. 

221. Marblehead— R. H. Roach, 24 Village st. 
275. Newton— C. L. Connors, 10 Rutland st., 

W’atertown, Mass. 

198. North Adams— J. J. Agan, 248 River st. 
851. Northampton— L. D. Bennington, 255 

444. Pittsfield — Chas. Hyde, 16 Booth's Place. 
07. Roxbury— H. M. Taylor, 116 Whitfield st., 

807. So. Framingham— Hugh Cooney, 55 Hare- 
ford st. 

96. Springfield— (Fr.) P. Provost, Jr., 715 
Liberty st. 

177. “ — P. J. Collins. 1365 State st. 

540. Waltham — I^urie Downing. 

222. Westfield— W. J. Parenteau, 87 Orange st. 
28. Worcester — W. A. Rossley , 5 City View av. 

408. “ — (Fr.) E. Girard. 2 Bernard Court. 


a05. Alpena— B. D. Kelley, 416 Tawas st. 

116. Bay City— E. G. Gates, 218 N. Bimey st. 

10. Detroit— T. S. Jordan, 427 Beaufait ave. 
808. “ — A. Haak, 228 Erskine st. 

180. Hancock— F. Weem. 

297. Kalamazoo— H. Greeudyke, 1008 N. Park. 
841. Marine City — W. I^. Rivard, Box 879. 

178. Munising— A. L. Johnson. 

100. Muskegon — F. M. Starke, 11 Marshall. 

59. Saginaw — P. Frisch, 628 Atwater st. 

884. “ — F. C. Trier, 1721 Hancock st. 

46. SAULT St. Marie— a. Stowell, 227 Maga- 
zine st. 

226. Traverse City— J. J. Tisdale, 217 W. 16th. 


361. Duluth— John Knox, Box 283 W. Duluth. 

7. Minneapoli.s — L ars Stubee, 2601 S. 22nd st. 
266. Red Lake Falls— N. Holberg. 

87. St. Paul— Nels Johnson, 707 Martin st. 


585. Meridian— B. M. Westbrook, 14th ave. 


311. Joplin— Sherman Keen, 117 W. 5th st. 

4. Kansas City — ^J. E. Chaffin, 2600 Park ave. 
48. Kirksville— W. H. Wellbaum. 

528, Sedalia — John L. Cone, 17th and Summit. 
110. St. Joseph— W. Zimmermau, 1221 N. 18th. 
838. “ — (South) George W. I.^wis. 

St. Louis— Secretary of District Council, 
R. F'uelle, 604 Market st. 

5. “ (Ger.) Charles Thoms, 2106 Victor st. 

45. “ (Ckir.) W. L. Wamhoff, 2608 N. 14th st. 

47. (tier.) C. J. Hermann, 2712 Chippew’a. 

78. ** Geo. J. Swank, 4428 Manchester ave. 

257. “ A. W. Ware, 4413 a Gibson ave. 

578. “ (Stairs) f;. Bruggemann, 2585 Warren. 

420. Webb City— W. S. Braustetter. 


88. Anaconda— C. W Starr, Box 218. 

845. Billings — John Powers, Box 581. 

112. Butte City— O. B. Church, Box 621. 

286. Great Falls— O. M. Lambert, Box 921. 
168. Helena— H. F. Smith, 1119 6th ave. 

28. Missoula— C. While. 


118. LINCOLN— F. A. Hayes, 445 S. 25th st. 

127. tiMAiiA— M. H. McConnell, 2118 Grant st. 
279. S. Omaha— S. Si>ence, S. Omaha. 


638. Concord — G. E. Whitford, 48 Downing sL 



88 : 1 . 


121 . 

20 . 

















688 . 


120 . 



















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88 . 


12 . 
































66 . 









212 . 






66 . 


200 . 












Asbury Park — William H. Carr, Bo.v 897. 
Atlantic City — D. Z. Weida, 2025 Caspian 

Bayonne— Morris Feldman, 481 Ave. C. 

“ — P. A. Miller, 9(K) Ave. D. 

Bridgeton — J. H. Reeves, 145 Fayette st. 
Camden — T. E. Peterson, I’jO Walnut st. 
East Rutherford— M. A. Kerbst, Carl- 

Elizabeth — H. Zimmermau, 240 South st. 

“ — (Ger.) John Kuhn, 11 Spencer, 

Hackensack — E. M. Paton, First and 

Hoboken — A. Crothers, 1:41 Jackson st. 

“ —(Ger.) H. Sivers. 4(X) Monroe st. 

Hudson Co. — Dist. Council, Geo. Barwick, 
168 Courtland at., No. Bergen. 
Irvington — Chas. Van Wert. 

Jersey City— L. P. Larsen, 27a Jewett ave. 
“ “ — (Mill)John Hunt, 551 Grand st. 

“ “ — Aug. Zimmermau, 57 Lex- 

ington ave. 

“ “ — L. F. Ryan, 181 Ninth st. 

Jersey City Heights — Robert Hamilton, 
202 Webster ave. 

“ (Stairs) G. F'eiuau, 225 Dodd st., 

Long Branch — Chas, H. Brown, Box 241, 
Long Branch City. 

Millville — Jas. McNeal, 622 W. Main st. 
Montclair — ^James Mclycod, 141 Forest st. 
Morristown — C. V. Deats, Lock Box 16:4. 
Newark — Secretary of District Counc 
J. I. Skinner, 886 Clinton ave. 
“ — H. G. Long, 10 Davis st. 


“ — (Ger.) H. Kachel ries, 24 Jal>ezst. 

“ — Herman Henry, 105 4th ave. 

“ —A. L. Beegle, 122 N. 2d st. 

“ — (Ger.) G. Arendt, 581 Springfield 


New Orange— James Carey. 

Orange — F. Schorn, 22 Chapman st. 
Paterson — S. Sixx, 90 Water st. 

Passaic — D. J. Keane, 160 Madison st. 
Perth Amboy— W. H. Bath, 8.3 I^wis st. 
Phillipsurg — W. S. Garrison, 8 Fayette. 
Plainfiet D— Will. II. Lunger, 90 Wester- 
velt ave., N. Plainfield. 
Rahway— G. Helm.stadter, 89 Grand st. 
Roselle — Edward P. Mauuou. 
Somerville— E. Opdyke. 

Trenton — A. N. Cornish, 129 Brunswick 

Union Hill— (Ger.) J. Worischek, 721 Adam 
st,, Hoboken. 

Westfield- John (ioltra. 

West Hoboken — Charles Diedrich, 264 
Hudson Boulevard, Union Hill 


Roswell — W. G. Bollinger, Box 614 


Albany— L. B. Harvey, 492 .'?d st. 

“ — (Ger.) H. Balfoort,24S Second st. 

Alexandria Bay — P'. H. Hamilton. 
Am.stkrdam — W. H. Prell, 40 Greene st. 
Auburn— E. B. Kooii, 116 Franklin st. 
Batavia — Gebherd Wassiiik, li* Sever place. 
Binguampton — B. W. Taylor, 18 Exchange. 
“ —(Mill) K. P. vSafford, 21 

Rutherford st. 

Bronx — Secretary of District Council, E. S. 
(Mell, .570 E. 16Uh st. 

Brooklyn— Secretary of District Council, 
J. MacDonald, 422 4th ave. 

“ — Otto Zeibig, 1 J:42 De Kalb ave. 

“ — (Ger. Cab. Mkrs.) A. Gleiforst, 

18 Ellery st, 

“ — Edw. Tobin, 502 Schenk ave.. 

Sub. Sta. 48. 

“ — M. J. Casey, 85 Newell st. 

“ — Martin Pearson,. 868 Miller ave. 

'* W. F'. Bo.stwick, .'i:4Jl Roebling st. 

“ — C. D. Monroe, *12 St. Mark ave. 

“ ^ — M. Spence, 842 Madison st. 

*' (Ger.) Rich. Ktihnel, 65 Myrtle 
ave.. Evergreen, L. I, 

“ — S. E. Elliott, 1295 St Mark's ave. 

“ — Wm. Carroll, 71»2 Bergen st. 

“ — F. Brandt. :461 5th st. 

“ — H. B. Paterson, 212 5:4d st. 

Buffalo — Secretary of District Council, 
Miles Little, 17 Poley st. 

“ — W. H. Wreggitt, 81 Edward st. 

“ — (Mill)A. Graupuer, 75 Marshall. 

“ — (Ger.) E. Ulrich, :48 Roetzer st. 

“ — K. O. Yokoin, 19 Ferguson ave. 

“ — ^J, H. Myers, 88 Laudou st. 

Canandaigua— Frank Perrj'. 

Carthage— J ohn Reed, 

Clayton — Charles Pierce. 

Cohoes — A. VauAmam, 22 George st. 
College Point— G. A. Pickel, 5th ave. and 
11th st. 

Depew — W, J. Patteudnu. 

Dunkirk — N. J. Grass, 170 King st. 
Elmira — F, Phillips, 92:1 Davis st. 

Far Rockaway — Fred. Bazin, Cedarhurst. 
Fishkill-on-IIudson — John F. O’Brien- 
F'lushing — M. Kennedy, 188 New- Locust st. 
Geneva — W.W. Dadsou,26Hollenl>eck ave. 
Glen Fall.s — Chas. Taylor, 8 Charlotte st. 
Hornellsville — J. Cummings. 
Irvington— A. H. Smith, Box 187. 

ISLip, L. I. — F. E. Woodhull, Bay Shore. 
Ithaca — E. A. Whiting, 108 Anhum st. 
Jamestown— Jno. Hanlon, 20 So. Main st. 
Kingsbridge — John Forshay, 864 Union 
ave., New York City. 

Kingston — E. C. Peterson, 15 Sub Station.— L. I. A. Riehl. 

Little Falls— T. R. Maugau, 142 W. Mon- 
roe st, 

Lockport — W. A. Plant, 225 Lincoln ave. 
Long Island City— J. Kessler, 6 Bee Beeav. 
Mamaroneck— Thus. J. Payne. 

Massena — Moses Furnace. 

Mt. Vernon — A. Hutchinson, 10 South st. 

“ J. Beardsley, 81 So. High. 

Newburg— John Templeton, 159 Ren wick. 
New Rochelle— j. T hompson, 87 Grove av. 
Newtown, L.I.— Peter A. Anderson, Box 18, 
Comna, N. Y. 

New York— Secretaiy of Executive Coun- 
cil, George Slattery, 1209 First ave. 
New York- Sec. of District Council, 1). F. 
Featherstou. Poplar st, Westchester. 
“ J. J. Hewett 80:{ K. 122d, care Lawler. 
“ ( Fl’r Layers) C. G. Johnson, :427 E. :48d. 
“ T. Coleman, 788 fith ave. 

“ (Jewish) J. Goldfarb, 8iM) E. 91st st. 

“ (Ger. Cab. Mkrs.) S.Kuehl, 224 1st ave. 
“ „ D. Vanderljcek, 1:48 W, IHJld st, 

(Ger.) R. Mews, KX) Engle st., E. D. 

“ Thos. Forrestal, 14IM lArxingtoii ave. 

“ T. J. Breslin. :i’46() Park ave. 

*• (Scan.) O. Wallin, 24 W. Il8th st. 

" (Ger.) V. Saiiter, (»77 Courlland ave. 

“ James McGuire, 228 Delancey st. 

Win. Trotter, 858 W, 48th st. 

“ Wm. E. P. Schwartz, 29 Fulton ave, 

Astoria, L. I. 

478. New York — Christian Winter, 4000 Third 

497. “ (Ger.) John Huber 261 E. 10th st. 

509. “ Emil Blooinquest, 155 E- 96th st. 

618. “ (Ger.) John H. Borrs, 6:45 E. 87th st. 

707. “ (Fr. Can.) G. Menard, 218 E. 74th st. 

716. “ Charles Camp, 223 W. 148th st. 

786. “ (Ger. Millwright and Millers), Henry 

Maak, 357 Linden st,, Brooklyn. 
:422. Niagara Falls— F. M. Perry, 5:40 23d st. 
369. North Tt)NAWANDA — C, Pohzehl, Box 909. 
474. Nyack— R. F. Wool, Box 49:4. 

101. Oneonta — C. W. Buraside, Walling ave. 
546. Olean— R. E. Miller, 123 So. 7th st. 

16:4, Peekskill — T, J. Gallagher, 25 Williams st. 

77. Portc HESTER — S, Stepliausou, Box 150. 

20:4. Poughkp:epsie — P'. Quartennan, Box 32. 

Queens Co. — .Sec. of Dist. Council, M. 
Murphy, Box Far Rockaway. 

72. Rochp:ster — H.M, Fletcher. 71 Cha’mplaiu. 
179. “ (Ger.) T. Kraft, 20 Joiner st. 

281. “ J. Buehrle, :i0 Buchan Park. 

412. Sayville, L. I. — K. Townsend. 

146. Schenectady — C. N. Kalafaut, 827 Strong. 
Staten Island— Sec. Dist. Council, J. W. 
Sheehan, 17J Broadway, W. New- Brighton 
606. Port Richmond — J. Keenan, 2:48 Jersey st., 
New Brighton. 

567. Stapleton— P. J. Klee, Box 555. 

405. Steinway, L. I.— P\ B. Merritt. 

Syracuse — S ec. Dist. Council, Jno. R. 

Ryan, 209 Van Buren st. 

15. “ (Ger.) II. Werner, 201 Rowland st. 

26. “ E. K. Battey, 517 F^ Genesee st, 

192. “ Charles Silvernail, 626 Vine st. 

78, Troy — ^J. G. Wilson, Box 65. 

889. Tuxedo — T.Hopkinson,Box22Suffcm,N,Y. 
125. Utica — W. A. Williams, 48 Grove place. 

278. Watertown — Roht, Parham, 55 Stone st. 
170, Westche.ster — F.Vandertiool, Blondell av 
8:47. Whitesboro — David S. Williams, Jr. 

128. Whitestone — George Belton, Box 8. 

69:4. Williams Bridge— A. 1). Drake. 

824, WooDSiDE, L. I. — Louis Villhauer. 

278. Yonkers— K. C. Hulse, 47 Maple st. 

726. “ F. M, Tallmadge, 216 F)lm st. 










2 . 







11 . 








101 . 






















211 . 












122 . 






262 . 

8 . 






Asiivillp: — G. C. Lumley, 51 Blanton st. 
Charlotte — W. S. Cashion, 219 S. Graham 

H K N D K R SON v I L LE — J OS. McCrory . 


Akron— B. F, Kl>ert, 428 K. Buchtel ave. 
Bellaire — G. W. Curtis, :46:48 Harrison st. 
Bridgp:port — B. F. Cunningham. 
Byesville— O. L. Saver. 

Cambridge— J. N. McCartney, 221 N 8d st. 
C.\NTON — C. A. Rimrael, 525 N. McKinley 

Cincinnati — Sec. of Dist. Council, B. Bol- 
mer, 8*146 Burnett ave. 

“ J. H, Meyer, 2:4 Mercer st. 

'* (Ger.) A. Weise, 969 Gest st. 

“ (Mill) H. Briukwoilh, 1815 

Spring st, 

“ A. Berger, 4229 Fergus st. 

“ D. J. Jones, 2228 Kenton st.. 

Station D. 

" J. Lang, Box :401, Carthage. 

“ J. P. Luckey, 2427 Bloom st. 

Cleveland— Sec. Dist. Council, J. M. 

Bowers, 167 Waring st. 

“ II. L. I,epole, 18 Poe ave. 

** J. II. Koehler, 188 Marcy ave. 

“ (Bohem.) VM’lechaty, 45 Jewett. 

“ (^^^■•) T. Weihrich, 16 Parker st. 

" (Ger.) C.Weltzin, 162 K. View ave. 
Columbus— A. C. Welch, 1127 Highland st. 

•• H. A. Goddard, 278 N. 17th st. 

Coshocton— D. H. Sullivan, 1250 E. Main 

Dayton — ^Johu Wehrick, 806 Ijliden st. 

“ ((icr.) J. Wirth, 2:14 Hawker st. 

E. I,iVERPOOL— A. P. Cope. 

E. Toledo — A. Berger, I22J) Fergus st. 


E. PALESTiNfe— G. H. Alconi. 

Hamilton — Arthur Sims, 729 Shillate st. 
Lima — D. E. Speer, 114 K. Second st. 
LocKLANb— C. E. Hcrtel. 

Marietta — J. O. Smith, 610 Charles st. 
Painsville— J. McConnell, 181 Foberst. 
Pomeroy — E. D. Will. 

Portsmouth— C. Thonian, 110 Campbell av. 
Steube.vville— G. K. Simeral. 101 S. 5th. 
Tiffin — R. S. Dysinger, Hedgc.s st. 

Toledo — M. Tenvilliger, l:42:i Waite ave. 

“ (Ger.) W. Morlock, 120.8 Page st. 
Youngstown— W. S. Stoycr, 914 Vernon st. 
Zanesville— F. Kappes, Central ave., 10th 


Oklahoma— C. E. Ballard, Box 181. 


Baker City— W. Bandy. 

Portland — David Henderson, Box 648, 


Ardmore — S. Waters, Haverford. 
Alleghf.nyCity— J.A. Robertson ,91 Boyle. 

“(Gr.) A. Weizman, (Xi Troy Hill rd. 
Allentown— N. Dalton, 1019 Chestnut st. 
Bj*:aver Falls— a. Burty, Box 611, New 

Bethlehem— I. M. Swinkcr. 412 Broadway, 
S. Bethlehem. 

Bradford— T. C. Graham, 159 Hillside av. 
Butler- E. W. Rausher. 

Chester- E ber S. Rigby. 816 E. Fifth st. 
CONNELLSVILLE— R. L. Haiinau, 22:4 North 
Pittsburgh st. 

Easton— F rank P. Horn, 91 1 Butler st. 
Elwood— M. Honk. 

Erie — A. C. Henton, 460 E. 17th. 
Frankford — Geo. A. Harper, 4850 Paul st. 
Germantown- J. E. Martin, 126 E. Duval. 
Grekxsburg— J. II. B. Rowe, 2:46 Concord. 
Hanover — Charles W. Unger. 
Harrisburg— W. Bohner, 222 Peffer st. 
Hazleton— C. O. Beck, 572 N. Church st. 
Homestead— Edwin Rowe, Jr., L. Box 527. 
Kane— I). L. Kinscl. 

Lancaster— E. O. Wilier. 314 Chester st. 
Meadvillk— J H. Stolz. 

Nanticoke — Freeman Thomas. 

Mt. Jewett— Thomas B. White. 

New Castle— W. K. Kramer, 9 I<ec ave 
New Kensington— j. H. Moser, Box 168, 

Pkckvillk— John L. Purdy. 
J’liiLADELPiiiA— Sec. Dis. Council, John 

Wat.son,26IH Jasper st., Sta. K. 
—Peter McLaughlin. 22(K1 Vine st. 

‘ —(Kensington) John Watson, 2618 
Jasper st., Station K. 

‘‘ — (CrCT. ) Joseph Oycn, 814 N. F’ourth. 
—Elmer G. Erwin, 201(1 Columbia av. 
—(Mill) F. Schroy, 4ÖÜ3 G’t’u ave. 



668 . 




886 . 


Pittsburg— S ec, of Dis. Council, 

Madden, Wan-cn st., E. h. 

" — H. G. Schomaker, 1:402 Sherman 

“ —(Ger. ) P. Geek, 9 Lookout Alley* 

“ — (E. E.) H. a. Iloeftmau, «w./i 

Shakespeare st. , 

“ — G. W. McCauslaiid, 6038 lIoeveler»i*. 
East Eud. 

“ — W. J. Richey, 1601 Carson st. 

“ — J. M. Richard, 159 Mayflower st. 

*' — A. Patton, 254 Castor st. _ c 

“ —(Ger. ) R. Sinnert, i:41M 12th st, S* » 
PiTTSTON— W. F. Watkins, 7o Oak st. 
Plymouth— Thos. H. Smith, Box 1148- 
Reading— A. Grove, 909 Mulberry st 
Sayre — F“. J. Holenback, 

Scranton Geo. Phillips, 820 Cedar av«* . 
S. Scranton— (Gr.) E. Schmidt, 620 mj 
Shamokin— Jo.seph Erdman,244 S. dn s • 
Sharon— S. S. Cairey, 50 Elm st. 
Taylor— Geo. Wick.s. Box 45. 
Vandegrift— J. Guiher. , 

Washington— D. S. Knestrick, 19 



102 . 


191. - David Snyder. , „11-ji 

Wilkes-Barre— J. B. Emery, 76 Moya 

W1LKINSIJÜRG— F. M. Beaty. . 

York— I. I. Snvdemen, 801 N. West st. 




KT-J. J. Gallagher, 40r> 

L'KET— J. B. Parquet, Box va 




Palls. /■'oiluO* 

Providence— A xel M. Russen, 9/ oa» k 
Westerly— F. E. Saunders, 47 GranB 






Aiken — L. E. Palmer. 

110 . 




Charleston— (Col.) J. Pinckney,^ 
-T. G. Fields. ;J06 Ashley 
Columbia— (Col.) C. A. Thompson, 

Taylor st. ct. 

“ — J. P. Westbury, 1113 Jervej 

Georgetown— R. A. vSancls. 
Langley— S. C. Holman. 

Sumpter— J. W. David. 


Lead City -W. E. McGimans, Box * 


251 ►. 

Chattanooga— J. Millsaps, 
Jackson— J. O. K. Williamson.^Jö« 
Knoxville— E. H. Houghton, 0» P.* 

Memphis— D is 

side st. „.jiiiniöS' 

Council, O. W. 





102 Dupree st. 

ME.MPIIIS— (Col.; R. J. Pope, 840 

“ -Chas. Miller, 1*18 tiavis a'^ j 
-/• Wright, 82 

Nashville— J. W. Bridges, 707 Jo^^ 

















Austin— J. A. Cawfield, 95 Waller- l 

Beaumont— H. Marble, Box 28(j* 
Cleburne— J. M. Rogers, 711 W- .^vc. 
Corsicana — J. N. Thomas, /öü vv* * 
Dallas— William Watkius, GaDdy- 

Denison— W.W. Neighbour, • „iosj; 

El Paso— j. T. WiLsou, 1 10«8 San 
Fort Worth— J. M. Keiiderlmc, p‘* 

Planing Mill- ^ >• 
Gainesville— T. B. Mathews, ^ 

Civant si* pgv- 

Galveston— S ec. of Dis. 


“ — J. E. Proctor, 2924 Ave- 

— (Gr.) Ferd, Diltinaiin. 
bet. O and 0 % 

Houston— W. Moms, 2010 Rusk • ^^01- 
San Antonio — (Ger.) L. . 

branast. centf«^ 

—A. G. Wietzel, 

Tkmlpe— J ohn C. I^eissler. ,, 

Waco— A. E. Widmer, Labor 


Ogden— Fred Howard, 404 
Salt Lake City— A. Tracy, 9» o l 


Barre— D. A. Cook, Circle st. 

St. Albans— D. R. Beeman, 


Danville— J. W. Keeton, «29 ta 
Lynchburg— R. L. Daniel. i8th* 

Newport News— P. R. 

_T F. aV«' 

^ Washiug^st 
Norfolk— H. W. Allen. IO'j 
Pktersburg— J. E- Bamer, ^ ^ 
PortSaMOUTh— L. W. G. 

Richmond— D. A. Lacy, 12« 


Republic— P. J. Shea. 

Seattle— Geo. W. ^ts* , ,r« 

west and Virgin'« 
Spokane— J. A. Anderberg, gt. 

Tacoma— D. McPherson, 


Chester— R. A. Finley, 
Clarksburg — j. W. 428 6« 

Fairmount— W. R. Hickma . 

pairmount — W. K.. A 

avenue. jacob ® * 

Wheeling— A. L. Bauer, J 

Lake Geneva— w . 4^8 W- ’ 

Madison— Carl Gruendlor, 
Milwaukee— S ecretary o 
Herman Schultz. 

the carpenter. 



Bench Stops. 
Car Sealers.- 

Universal Punches. 
Culling Nippers. 



New York. 


-■■■ •-« V: 

‘ ’I 

■ »r . ; 


(MvoiSTrnto patent, no 

7hi% Tradr M.trli u auniiied ou ali Saw Seta and other Hardware S(ie< Rallies of my make. 


^ ;*au»-l II lid er 

A'ocT ffj } yjCÖUW C ^ «ulhoiltf ..f Ihr 

Tf|«i>K'rar ^ 

rokQ au! if tli<‘ <«4'rm*n TypOi(ra|ihU Th* 

igU t • d on ail iiev»|ia]M>r and h*«!^ at.rk I 
aJe«i* »’•ra th<* na«« arul L'aali* n ••f « hi r«« th> 
pr.n^o < «urk ia«l «nc 

.. Carpenters 


New York. PhlUdoIpbla, Chicago 

Pactorlos and Qenoral Ofllcaa, 
Now Britain, Coon. 


3 » 




& CO. 




Special Weights 

Wa roapactfully aak that oiir gooda bo apocHlod 

Afw« (ÄW 

a BY ae iHCNt a. 
SlPtPLt, Pf[A^tmAiJ 

%1 /able; M 

Ps^icc M^y 




c/yfs in PLAIN rtGuffFs TfteuNem, 
/fUTfi, ffiui, m*f, oesftea, eon aw 
B tv€U roll' rvrfiJU*o owven pmno, 
Morrof eoTS, ßOA/fo MiASUffccn 


P. & F. Corbin 


Maaulacturorj^_of_ Builders’ pine Hardware 

925 Market Street 


enoNB No. J7JJ 


E. E. BROWN & CO. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Why use inferior Sash Weights when oar goods can be obtained from 
soy good Hardware Dealer ? We claim for our goods, 



The Model Hamd Box. 


Cut «howa Ints ftilded fo pa< k io cheat. 
When folded up il ia 1^4 in. thick, 7*4 in. wide. 

Cut ahowa bos open fur 1 

Made as Ordered 

They are müde of three thicknesses of wood glued together — one, 54 In., and two, 

I 16 in., malung U in. thick, and are hinged together with steel hinges, fastened with 
copper rivets entirely, no nails or screws being used, and are neatly stained cherry 
color and varnished. ..... . , t.. . 

Kvery ('arpenter knows the convenience of a hand boa that can be put in nis chest. 
This combines the utility of the Knglishmsn's bag, and the convenience of the 
Americairs hand box. It weighs but 4 '* lbs., and is stronger than an ordinary half-inch 
boa. They arc made of m uniform depth of 4 54 in., 10 in. wide and 24 in. long. 

PRICE, . S2.00 each. . 



1233 Market Street, Philadelphia. 



iNn.rniNü : 

Moulding Plane, Match, Sa h, Chamfer, Beading, 
Reeding, Fluting, Hollow, Round, Plow, Dado, 
Rabbet, Filletster and Slitting Plane. 

No. 55, Universal Plane, $16,00 


tWr Th« rUn« U Ni< k«l Plated ; th« M Cutters sr« 
•naiiK^d itt fuiir «<*|Mrate caaea ; and the cntir« 
OMthI ia |>a.keil 111 « neat Wooden Dux. 


a v-i 





X « 

UJ • F 

“^(0 0) 

Q) ffl UJ 

OQ -J 

u. O 


— ■'WB*; „ J 


FAYETTE R. PLUMB, ''■=- ' 


^apid Mortise Wrought Steel Locks. 

Mortises imule with a in. hit. 
Centres fonnd with the Gnaj^jinj^ 
Strike. Onickly applied. 
.\ccnrately Fitted. 

/ Neiv Departure in Lock Making 

— mm — 


Russell & Erwin Manufacturing Co. 







“ Stempel ” 


Unequaled f o r SimpUcIty, Certainty, 
Quic kn ess and Power in Action 

TcBtM to 400 Pound« nod Fully Warrantod 
Approvad by Philadelphia Plra Underwriters Assoclatlor . 












Get jour «) al« r lo kuj tussr gvexir ^ ha'll d«» it f«>r the ssklug sod y**u'I 1 help Ih» 

*21 a t tl ) «»u («!>« fut'BRt.rp, saoiplM tbd bell iiipasurtmPDi blank, wlik a daint/ 
Uubau loBiiiar piicket mpmoraDdum book frpa 


The Arrt' fhst U nsklnf I NU»S MAI^K t'lotbinf popalar. 

•c E £ 

0 0 3 

We will make yon to order a penkniTe 
like rut ahove, with your pictare and 
name thereon, with oharuoiN cime, for one 
ilolhir. or a hint two-hlailH Carpenter* 
Koih* with fterniun ailver mp, hlark 
hanille. 75 rei«t<, or torfoiiM* Hliell handle, 
one dollar. lilailtH warranted to atand 
hard wo<hI roping: 


190 Toplar 8f. Cheleee^ Mam. 

The Atha Tool Co. | 


Makers of Highest Grade Hammers I 



Cheap, Practical and Useful. 

Best Material Best Shape Best Finish 

AddrcM I>. J. M<OrtUK, 

liOK rhlliplel|>hia, l*j. 



vaiiier ....... . . . . i^l 

TiiK III ii.tuu’s Gi'ii»k ano EMiM.tmu A 

Pick K. Ikniic. llodaMm 2 

TlIK MLM. AMI How 111 t^K II. . I 

PUAriK Al. C'Aitri NTKY. Ilmlfhiili 1 

HTAlK-HriUiiKo M^kk. P:%4Y, llodgioii . . I 

1Iam> 1C%ii.ino Makk EaviY . 1 

TMIC rAMl'KNTKU'!* ANfi Kl'II.IU lc'«« < iiMri lH K 

CuMeAMloN 2 


jMill Men, and Kindred Industries. 


\.\l) F'lMSH 

sston” Saws and Files 



Write for our 
Booklet “ Practical 
Hints to Mechan- 
ics” on the Saw, 
how to choose it 
and how to keep it 
in order. 

HENRY DISSTON & SONS, Inc., Philadelphia., Pa 


Special Apron 
For R. R. Men 


9 TO 15 VURMY SI, 

Cut full in Waist 
Wide in Le? 

Last" Month we Showed You 
Our Special .Coat. 



Says the World's Fair Aware (! 

Ask. your Dealer for these excellent 


NEWlilRUH, N. Y. 

W. S. Thnm<;nn 

Solid milled, Uih, Door, Bllsd 

India Oil Stones 

\l ViB ImtSm ^ ma.m i a< irRM> in 


Worcester, Mass. 

J Smiii s Kvfii .iikI Cl'Nir I’.i.iiiu-'l thr«>uj;li<iut. 

EVERT STONE .^^^ll•f iLilii.' t*> all rc< 


kniiarkaMo CnUiiiK nu.ih'u -. 

Thr Pike Man ii fact urinf* Co., sou 

li,v, .V. II. -V. onu r. ti 

awd flroooe Cuttert 

( liiiinherH St 

Pike's Lily White Washita 


iwat, Htralfht, TarlftT, Moaldlaf aa4 Cat* 

■ f t 

lara •tertrj 4MeripUoa aa4 8t«el 

('■tW Uma4 V«1U 

418-420 W. 27th. St. NEW YORK 

AU Or4«r« kj HaU PrMB»«r A*B*b 4MI to 



* f1 

• f. ■ ■ 





. l\tt /•» nun s /or thr A'^k'nto . . 

“A Money Saver” 

to 42o W. Front Street, CINCINNATI, 0 



> VnT 

or AU, <,l.ASShS < 

*' n 

J. A. FAY Si CO. 

N-^ ir ' iMit Äi.a 

Kein No. Ü‘ Verticil '^ptndle an»! 

T>i»k '^•ndoi 

Will bo found to possess many 
AdvantaRes and Conveniences. 

514 to 534 W. Front St. 


W’nl m * I,r%, riih‘ < »»h. i\»’ 
■ I '“'iiv v-s. I ' I ‘I I M .i • \\ Ml’ I 

i !• < It ..K»- I I II». ,' »*V 

Pi.l J»» I .4 ! »: I I*. Vs <*• . 

... We 


. ..Correspondence 



i'Rr|M iitet nn i RulM« r» «ithout «tuaiu )>owfr rio 
•*a*-o ».ifiilU with tl.r shoji# hy 

u-l»»k: 'Air L«t»or Mi( hio»*rr 

Sr'.fi n T'» uiL .r A 

n U \Ue* Si 

* St Seneca Falli A’ >'.. I' S .*1. 

The New System 


II Archilectur. 

I VA Af< til*«* ti.r. I t 

/ »'«• •II ► IM «r». » V! 

^ ‘ . **'•* t .Vu • . 

Knu Hf** i I,4i 

rrr*- 1 •*'.*'** »r«»? n ir • 

taI)i;ht ky vah 

Ja» ( ucr 

V% 4?# l<*‘j • ! » J I . »t.f I 

• ImI if»* • « .f fr. » f •- 

t' • • '/- » I »»•»• I» ) .H « r». « ••f.» 

IÜ» I «II.F.» t . I «^1 H'< •! < 

II .1 s«r«itl.*(v. J'te 


In Material, In Finish, in Cutting Qualltioa 

^^^arranted the Best 






N • ^ V/> 

■ .'SlS 

^ .»»ir-;-' i 


{ft nmcle brre iti l*l'itndr!pbia ntiil •• n.F 

cv^rxwhrrt* bv \sivr people it ia 


*%!!»! it i«» Ihr 1 rs* fiirijÄcr !»ccausr it ^\ye% v. 
hrat to Ihr inch than an V ««ihr; •. - 

iii'otc. Ixn titnqur ^ _ 

ici:«K :•« ' ' 

].« * i!»!c. ' 

••Hints about Hfating** 

Kill inter»* aio* ür p vo»i iR aI-T 

file unljr LXION MAHK Hand, Itael, atul PanrI Saw««, mantjfa« liirrd 

in tlin I'Nited Staten, are made hj 

E. C. Atkins <& Co., Indianapolis, Ind 


m * '« *“*'> m.'lc in I'lii « 

the excelsior range 

U|.|<k' Ml Sf veil s:<r< anti .•viry CoH' r;v.,' > *lr!e II 
Ii.i9 h,cn known lo l'UlUnle;[>ii;a I 10 U 9 - Lv^{ rry ;nr Ibr 
I>ft»t -.o Vfrtr^ ns the very l»o!>t i.vnj;r 
The- MAGIC” riin>{‘' nils t'le lull for a onn* itit'Tpetjgive r»i>|fe. Foil .Ic-cription gciit •:». 
uj.or rrijnest. 


See the Mlofi iii^, frtiiii (!ar|ieiilerh* I'liioriHr 
To thm Carp^ntortt of tbe Vniird 8^afrM mnd Cnnmdf» 

hereby certify that the Saws made by H. C Atkirvs di 
Ca , of Indianapolis, Ind., are strictly UNION MADE fiOODS, 
aod arc first-class in quality. 

Wc are Instructed to si^n this cei tificate by our respective 


ISMtdsnt t a* punier I V»*%0n No. (*>, /MdftinapoI$t, ,H>t 


F»04$ii$nl Lmppentmi Vnian Aa /f/, /nJsanapahx, /mt 
Kw Tbla la pid«! tmr Uy Hm w Ntakora* Union 4|^ 

Mo. I, of lneiono|K»llag lud. 

ISAAC A. SHEPPAPD & CO., »makers 

I 8 OI North Fourth Street IMiilxufrlpM 

Alao/^V^W VOKH». ,f II A 1/1*1 MOli r 
I .114 Pnorl St f I 41 If»? rlto HI. 

••* ^ V*-. 

V -4M ' > i f J .< *-,r < 




UArtUrArTirRKM« nf 

05 Chambers St ret. 
MiVN >OkK 

Chaplin’s Patent Planes 

i H 

t'orriiKr«»»*«! F*fe <»r K««-« 

Chrcki'r«^ Kiibbi^r HandifH »r EatunolMl 
Wo«mI IlMndli^ 



• T - gjs r : -. 

’./'Ai -i^Vi 

fftoUlftMl. T.iUd Tongb T.n,«r. Solid TucUd Boliur. Hootj Mill Foral*. Flotod taoadlot 


I- vjlM ll .lil Mliitlliil A Ik- 11 lili- ll • 
lriiinii'-(l uilli liatilw 

1 lu* Arcliili-ft i*» Ik-i'.-uk' 

it; ill« «j\Mu-r is ))l«.-a-' 
L-acli lime- lie limk.s at llu- iriiiniiiii'. 
iKcaiLsr tlic}- tuld s<i inm-li t" t! 
i)«.-aulv 'll tile ImtiK-, an«l cvt-iN 1"" 
is ]»li-asc*<l willi tin* \v«>rkiii;» «•! .'s.' 
.LCi-nt’s Easy .SjH'in^ I.oi-k.s. 

..y Luii].Lh_ 

S.XkC.KNT vV Ch.MI’.WV, 
M.tliiTsof Artistic ll.tnlwar«* .aidI l-im- I 
.New Y«irk, .N. Y. and .\«jw II oiven, r«mi 


•>. ■■> 

A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 

VOL. XX.— No. 5 : 
Established 1881. 


MAY, 1900. 

Fifty Cents Per Year. 
Single Copies, 5 Cts. 

Ark. — IvOcal Union 366 is pro- 
cessing steadily. At nearly every nieet- 
nieinbers are being enrolled. 
. ® soon -will have all the carpenters here 
'^^ür ranks. 

Texas. — Local Union 198 is 
I standing in the front rank. At our 
meeting 52 new members were initia- 
> ^nd we have 63 applications on hand 
^^consideration. All is well. 

®^Ssf,mkr, Ala. — Local Union 454 is in 
flourishing condition. New members 
being admitted nearly every meeting 
^ght. extend best wishes to our 
^^bcrs throughout the country. 

^^WpoRT News, Va. — Our union is 
^flily growing, and the average num- 
^ of initiations during the past two 
^^ths has been ten members each meet- 
S flight. Local 396 is doing well. 

. ■^bEXANDRiA, Ind.— Our Local Union 
growing in numbers, and at every 
Acting >ve have initations and applica- 
for admission. The old members 
faithful workers in the good cause. 

Mass. — We have succeeded in 
^blishing the eight-hour day for city 
and intend to make a demand on 
^ contractors for an eight-hour day 
spring. Local Union 370 is flour- 



. Qitumwa, Iowa. — Although we organ- 

1 J^ist recently, we now have a mem- 
1 of 55. Fully half the carpenters 

b^^* and a large majority of these are 





workmen, are in union 767. 
P'lshing ahead. 

»> » c«< 

Britain, Conn. — Every meeting 

^cal Union 97 sees new additions to 

Ob our members are greatly 

^ ^^'^^aged in their efforts to strengthen 
^ Maintain the organization. The good 
goes steadily on. 

Va. — We have little or 
to complain of here. Everything 

^^^oviiig along satisfactorily. We are 
members at each meeting 
for ones are working in earnest 

good of the organization. 

Ala. — Our new union is _ 
steadily. We now have sevenly- 


Members and several others to be 




All the trades are well organ- 
c. Local Union 508 is determined 
them all. 

Va.— Local Union 331 is still 
^f^^^tning its record and the members 
0^^ ^^ving nothing undone to increase 
^'^^tbers. New members are initiated 
tegular meetings, and everything 
^*^g along harmoniously. 

Toledo, Ohio, — We have done a rush- 
ing business during the past month. 
Initiated one hundred new members at a 
recent meeting. Looking for others. 
Local Union 25 is flourishing and the 
members are all of good cheer. 

Schenectady, N. Y.— We are taking 
in new members at every meeting and 
we are rapidly nearing the 200 mark. All 
the brothers are zealous and active in the 
good work, and Local Union 146 prom- 
ises to be one of the strongest and most 
influential in this region. 

-»»»> «« 

Hanover, Pa. — Our local union is 
doing excellent work and the member- 
ship is being increased at nearly all of 
the regular meetings. Local 298 is still 
young in the movement, but the brothers 
are determined that in the near future its 
record will be as creditable as many of the 
older unions in the Brotherhood. 

Indianapolis, Ind. — We are doing very 
well here, and we note in the columns of 
The Carpenter the progress tliat is 
being made among our craft all over the 
country. New members are coming in 
right along and Local Union 281 is 
encouraged to carry on the good work 
until every chip of any worth belongs to 
our ranks. 

—>»>» < < «:< 

Alton, 111. — Everything is going 
along smoothly at the present time. 
Local Union 377 has a membership of 
over seventy in good standing, and has a 
business agent in the field. Brother Orville 
V. Lowe, who is doing excellent work. 
We hope to send in a much better state- 
ment the next time we make a report 
for publication in The Carpenter. 

Atlanta, Ga.— Local Union 317 has 
now a membership of 180. In January 
we initiated forty new members, in Feb- 
ruary fourteen and in March twenty- 
seven. We are not only getting quantity 
but quality as well, as the best skilled 
men in the business are on our roll. We 
have everything required to make a 
strong union, brains and backbone. 

St. Paul, Minn. — At the regular 
meeting of Local Union 87 which was 
held at Assembly hall two weeks ago, 
it was reported that all but one of the 
boss contractors had signed the new scale, 
and that it was hoped that this firm would 
sign the agreement in a few days. Busi- 
ness Agent J. B. Morrison reported nine 
new applications, which were* referred to 
the investigation committee. The rest of 
the meeting was devoted strictly to execu- 
tive business. 

- > » > » <«< 

Charleston, S. C.— At a joint meet- 
ing of the carpenters’ unions here it was 
decided to publish in the local press the 
names of the contractors who employed 
union men, so that the people of Charles- 
ton who anticipate having any building 
done will know where to place their 
orders and produce good results. The 
carpenters spend their earnings in the 

town and they will not patronize mer- 
chants who liave any work done by any 
contractor who will not employ union 

Duluth, Minn. — Local Union No. 361 
at its regular weekly meetings during 
the last six weeks has been busy obligat- 
ing new members. Since the re-election 
of J. H. Baker as organizer, on an average 
of five new members have been added to 
the list of membership at each meeting. 
Last week’s meeting was crowded, more 
members being present than at any 
previous meeting for a number of years. 
Sixteen new members were initiated and 
five applications laid over until the next 

Seattle, — We have the propos- 
ition under w*ay to build a Labor Temple 
here, and at present there are good pros- 
pects of success. This city is better 
organized tlian ever before, and what is 
very encouraging the people are with us. 
The firm of Kline & Rosenberg, clothiers, 
has offered to contribute $500 if all the 
unions will get together and build the 
Temple. We do not anticipate any diffi- 
culty in raising the necessary amount 
among the business men. The labor on 
the new building will be done by the 
different trade unions. 

Rochester, N. Y.— The sign, “stand- 
ing room only,” was displayed at the 
meeting of Local Union 72 two weeks 
ago. A committee from Electrical Work- 
ers, 86, waited on the meeting and re- 
quested the members to withdraw their 
patronage from shops whose proprietors 
were offering resistance to the eight-hour 
day and also to notify the local if any 
inside wiremen appeared on jobs where 
carpenters were at work. Request 
granted and members instructed accord- 
ingly. Business agent’s report was re- 
ceived and showed that a number of 
bosses were wanting men. 

Louisville, Ky. — We are booming. 
The last meeting of Local Union 103 was 
a rousing one, and there were seventy-two 
applicants in waiting to be initiated. The 
hall being too small to seat those present, 
the union was compelled to adjourn to 
the Odd Fellows’ large hall, where the 
new recruits were received. Secretary 
Charles Dietz announced that he had in 
his possession seventy-five more applica- 
tions, which would be acted upon at the 
next regular meeting, when the Examin- 
ing Board would make its report upon 
them. The union is now 800 strong and 
by the first of June every practical car- 
penter in the city will belong to’ it. 
Never in the hivStory of the carpenters 
brotherhood has there been such enthu- 
siasm displayed. 

Union- No. 214 (German) had a very 
large attendance at its last regular meet- 
ing. Eleven applications for member- 
ship were received and the applicants 
obligated. Fifteen more applications 
were received and referred to the Exam- 
ining Board, which will look into the 

fitness of the applicants to become mem- 
bers. The members are working hard to 
make their picnic a great success. 

Paterson, N. J. — Nearly 400 carpen- 
ters, members of Local Union 325 and 
their friends attended the smoker given 
recently. An excellent program had 
been prepared for the occasion and ample 
provisions had been made for the inner 
man. President William D. Huber was 
with us and was heartly greeted. He 
made a brief address complimenting the 
local carpenters on the vigorous efforts 
towards thoroughly organizing the craft 
in this vincinity which they have put 
forth recently. He predicted a success- 
ful outcome for their demands for shorter 
hours and more wages, limiting his re- 
marks owing to the festive character of 
the gathering. 

Mr. Paul Breen of the Passaic County 
Trades Council, also made an address 
which was likewise to the point and well 
received. J. P. McDonnell, for the first 
in a long time, made his appearance but 
was too ill to exert himself. For a short 
time only did he mingle with the gathering 
and after conferring with the officers and 
their guests, and receiving the hand- 
shakes of a number of old acquaintances, 
he left for home. Nothing was lacking 
to make the occasion a thoroughly enjoy- 
able one. 

vSan Francisco, Cal.— At the meeting 
of Local Union 22 on Friday night of last 
week, eight new members were initiated 
and nine applications were received. 
Trade was reported fair. So far as the 
enforcement of tlie new trade rules was 
concerned everything was reported sat- 
isfactory. A committee of five was 
appointed to solicit individual subscrip- 
tions for stock in the Labor Temple 
Association ; a large block of stock having 
already been subscribed for by the Union, 
the members are now anxious to secure 
individually a number of shares. 

Local Union No. 304 held a meeting 
last Monday. The attendance was large 
and the members manifested great 
enthusiasm over the reports of the success 
of the new trade regulations. Only five 
members of this union are at present out 
of work. Two members are on the sick 
list. Two foremen were admitted to 
membership. A donation of $10 was 
made to the Chicago Building Trades 
Council, to aid the men at present on 
strike in that city. 

Local Union No. 483 at its last regular 
meeting donated $50 to tlie Cliicago 
Building Trades Council. An official 
circular was received from national head- 
quarters denying a press dispatch to the 
effect that General Secretary McGuire 
had requested the Chicago Building 
Trades to modify their demands, and in 
case of refusal to do so, threatening that 
the carpenters would withdraw from the 
Council. The union indorsed the resolu- 
tions recently adopted by the Labor 
Council protesting against Cliinese and 
Japanese immigration. Eight new mem- 
bers were admitted and ten applications 
T •'eived. 



Trade Movements for Better 

San Jose, Cal. — The majority of the 
contractors and builders have agreed to 
our demands for an eight-hour day and a 
wage scale of $3.00 per day. 

- »»«« 

Boston, Mass. — The union carpenters 
here who asked for eight hours and $2.50 
per day, have had their demands acceded 
to by forty-five firms. 

Schenectady, N. Y. — The members 
of Union 146 have secured all their 
demands. We are now working nine 
hours per day and receiving $2.70. The 
boys are happy. 

Newport News, Va. — Local Union 
396 has secured the nine-hour day and 
eight on Saturdays, from the contractors 
and builders of this city. We think this 
very good for a start. 

- > » »«« 

New Albany, Ind. — Local Union 436 
has made a demand for a 25 cent increase 
in wages to take effect on June 1st. We 
hope to have all the carpenters in the city 
on our list by that time.^ 

Bessemer, Ala. — The contractor® 
yielded to our demands without any hesi- 
tation on the 1st inst. Everything is 
moving along smoothly now. Where 
our unions have trouble elsewhere we 
wish them every possible success in their 

Lynchburg, Va. — Our new scale of 
$2.25 per day of nine hours went into 
effect last month. Nearly every con- 
tractor in town granted the demands with- 
out any trouble, and signed an agree- 
ment that preference would be given 
union men at all times. 

Bloomington, 111. — An agreement 
favorable to Local Union 63 has been 
signed by the contractors here. It includes 
the nine-hour day, 25 cents per hour, only 
union men to be recognized on jobs, and 
increased compensation for overtime. 
The membership is increasing. 

Tacoma, Wash. — We have secured the 
eight-hour day without any friction, and 
have been working under the new con- 
ditions since March 1st. Every leading 
contractor in the city signed the agree- 
ment. Minimum wage rate is $2.50, and 
all over-time counted as time and half. 

South Omaha, Neb. — The boss car- 
penters here have signed an agreement 
with Local Union 279 for eight hours per 
day, 35 cents per hour and half day on 
Saturdays from May 1st. 

East Rutherford, N. J. — The de- 
mands of Local Union 519 include the 
eight-hour day, weekly pay, and double 
pay for overtime. To take effect on June 
1st. No trouble is anticipated. 

Niles, Ohio. — Local Union 577 has 
made a demand for the nine-hour day at 
the same rate of pay as ten hours, to go 
into effect July 1st. No trouble is antici- 
pated. Our present scale is $2.25 per day. 
- »»«« 

Youngstown, Ohio. — We had no 
trouble here on the 1st inst. The majority 
of the boys got the advance from 10 cents 
to 25 cents per day. They are all satis- 
fied, and Local Union 171 is steadily 

- >»>«« 

Fishkill-on-Hudson, N. Y. — The car- 
penters of this town were granted the 
nine-hour day on 1st inst. Local Union 
323 conducted the negotiations to a suc- 
cessful conclusion, and the members are 
all well pleased. 

Plainfield, N. J.— Lo(^1 Union 155 
has suceeded in securing the signatures 
of over a score of bosses to the agreement 
containing the trade demands of the 
organization. The eight-hour day has 
been fully established. 

San Francisco, Cal.— Our report is 
brief but right to the point. The move- 
ment here for an increase in wages is a 
complete success. We are having no 
trouble, and our unions are all flourishing 
and busy filling up their ranks. 

Kingston, N. Y. — The eight-hour sys- 
tem is working all right and to the satis- 
faction of all concerned. Local Union 
251 is fully alive to the situation and the 
members will leave nothing undone to 
strengthen the organization. 

Kingston, Out. — The demands made 
by Ix)cal Union 249 have been conceded 
by nearly all the contractors here. These 
include the nine-hour day, a minimum 
rate of 20 cents per hour and time and 
half for overtime. Union men are all 

Kewanee, 111. -—Local Union 154 has 
made excellent progress. The trade 
demands became effective on April 9th, 
and a large majority of the bosses readily 
conceded our terms. New applications 
are coming in at a rate that is highly satis- 

Newark, N. J. — We have effected a 
satisfactory settlement and the movement 
here has betn most successful. The Dis- 
trict Council Iwndled the matter in an 
able and skillful manner, and the men 
stood solidly together. The local unions 
are all in a healthy condition. 

— »»« <<^- 

Reading, Pa. — The Carpenters’ strike 
here has practically ended, most of the 
builders and contractors having signed 
the new scale of wages. The scale pro- 
vides for $2.25 per day of nine hours, 
37 Yz cents an hour for over-time and 50 
cents an hour for Sundays and holidays. 

Grand Junction, Colo.— All but one 
of the contractors here conceded the 
eight-hour day on April 1st, but he has 
since capitulated. Our minimum .stand- 
ard is 25 cents, but most of the men are 
getting 30 cents. We are proud of the 
success so far achieved. Local Union 244 
is flourishing. 

Trenton, N. J. — The difficulty between 
Local Union 31 and the contractors has 
been satisfactorily settled and the carpen- 
ters are elated over their success. The 
demands included the nine-hour day, 
eight on Saturdays, a minimum rate of 
28 cents an hour and the employment of 
none but union men. 

-»»> « ■ « 

Stapleton, L. I.— All our demands 
were granted on the 10th inst. These 
include the eight-hour day five days of 
the week, and four hours on Saturday, 
minimum rate of 40 cents per hour and 
overtime paid at the rate of double time. 
The members are in excellent spirits and 
are enthusiastic over the success of the 

Hazleton, Pa. — More tlian three- 
fourths of the carpenters of this city are 
members of Local Union 129. They will 
meet this week to discuss the new wage 
scale of $2.25 and the nine-hour day, a 
demand for which was recently made on 
all local building contractors. The latter 
have but one week in which to consider 
the demands. 

Covington, Ky.— We have succeeded 
in getting nearly all the contractors here, 
in Newport and in Ludlow to sign an 
agreement with our District Council to 
pay 25 cents per hour until June 1st, when 
they will give us the eight-hour day and 
30 cents per hour. Nearly all the com- 
petent workmen are members of the 

Augusta, Ga — The members of Local 
Union 283 made a demand for the recog- 
nition of the organization, and all the 
contractors, with one exception, have 
notified the non-union workmen that 
unless they joined the union they would 
have to go el.sewhere. Consequently there 
is a growing demand for application 
blanks, and we hope to have every com- 
petent carpenter in our ranks before 
many days pass away. The good work 
goes steadily along. 

Greenwich, Conn. — We have had 
most remarkabl \success in securing our 
demands. The bosses have all signed an 
agreement to give us eight hours per day 
at the .same rate of wages received prior 
to April 1st, and they further agree to 
hire none but union men on their work. 
We .stopped work for one week to enforce 
our demands, but all our men have 
returned to their old job.«. The settle- 
ment will tend to preserve the best of 
mutual relations between the employers 
and the men. 

Fort Worth, Texas. — A .satisfactory 
agreement has been signed by the officers 
of Local Union 339 and most of the con- 
tractors in the city. It stipulates that on 
and after June 1st eight hours shall con- 
stitute a day’s work, that $2.50 per day 
shall be the minimum rate of wages, over- 
time paid for at rate of time and lialf , and 
that all work on Sundays or holidays be 
paid for as double time. The contractors 
agree not to employ any but union car- 
penters, and the Agent will have 
access to all work under construction. 

Rochester, N. Y. — At the last joint 
meeting of Local Unions 179 and 72, the 
Arbitration Committee, which had been 
in session with the Executive Committee 
of the Contractors'* Association during the 
transaction of the previous business, made 
their report. It showed that the con- 
tractors had signed the agreement as pre- 
sented by the committee and ratified by 
the joint session of the several locals, 
with a slight modification. The agree- 
ment as signed showed' that the demands 
of the carpenters, as made last January, 
had been granted in full. These include 
$2.40 per day of eight hours. Report was 
received and ordered filed. 

Houston, Texas. — All the trouble is 
over. Local Union 1 14 appointed a com- 
mittee of five with full power to act in 
conference with five contractors and five 
architects. After a four hours’ session an 
agreement was reached to be in force for 
the year 1900. W’e have been conceded 
the hours and wages demanded, the right 
to superintend work when opportunity 
offers, and finally the right to work for 
any one who employs union labor only. 
The settlement is a most favorable one. 
The Building Trades As.sembly and Local 
Union 114 have unanimously passed a 
resolution thanking Brothers Grimes of 
Galveston, and Eilitor F. D. Lyon of the 
Houston Labor Journal for their valu- 
able assistance given the Assembly and 
Union during the late strike. 

One hundred and seventy-five union 
cordmakers at Detroit, Mich., struck for 
an increase from $1.75 to $2.25 per day. 

Thirty New Unions Chartered 
the Past Month. 

53. Yoakum, Tex. 

1 17. North Vernon, Ind. 

559. Paducah, Ky. 

560. Stratford, Out. 

561. Pittsburg, Kan. 

562. Everett, Wash. 

565. Elkhart, Ind. 

566. Oak Park. 111. 

569. Barberton, Ohio. 

570. ( Wdner, Mass. (Mill). 

571. Carnegie, Pa. 

572. Stillwater, Oklahoma. 

573. Rye, N. Y. 

574. Middletown, N. Y. 

575. New York City, N. Y. (Stair). 

576. Pine Bluff, Ark. 

577. Niles, Ohio. 

579. Wilm’ngton, Del. 

•581. Herrin, 111. 

582. Odin, 111. 

583. Winsted, Conn. 

585. Port Huron, Mich. 

586. Sacramento, Cal. 

587. Coatesville, Pa. 

589. Chillicothe, Ohio. 

590. Bristol, Teiin. 

594. Dover, N. J. 

595. Salisbury, N. C. 

596. Rome, Ga. 

597. Rocky Ford, Colo 

Eight-Hour Victory. 

Attorney General Davis, of the 
New York, has tendered an opinion 
the contention raised by the local 
ation of Labor, that the Municipal 
Company had been violating the 
hour law and its contract with the vState 
working its men more tlian eight hours 
day. The decision practically brings 
electric light companies furnishing g^® 
New York city and other city 
ments under the provision of the eig 
hour law. 

The Municipal Gas Company has a co 
tract with the State to furnish Hg^^ 
the public buildings in that city, and too^ 
the position that the labor law ^as a 
applicable to the contract. . _ 

The Attorney General holds that 
company’s contract with the State is s 
ject to the provisions of the eight- 

Another- Injunction. 

Judge Tuthill, of Chicago, has 
an injunction restraining the 
County Commissioners from inserting 
contracts a clause stating that only b 
lalx)r shall be employed in carrying 
the work when it is to be paid for 
public funds. 

The injunction was sued for hy 
Contractors’ Council of Chicago, 
members of which claim they are P 
vented by that clause from hiddm^^^ 
public works; the Council refusing to 
ploy Union labor. An appeal 'wn 

Chicago Company Concedes Dei^a 


Officials of the Northwestern 

Railroad Company, Chicago, have 





serious blow to the building 
council and made a concession o 
importance to union labor. 

President Louderback last 
nounced that the 153 union 
who went on a strike would he 
back to work at once under an agr^ 

conceding every point to the 

Among labor organizations this 
is regarded as pre.saging the ^ 
defeat of the contractors all 
line and an early termination of t 
war prevailing in Chicago. 




Moneys Received. 

Por tax, pins and supplies during the month 
fudinjf April 30. 1900. Whenever any erroi'S 

• Y* '•u-v, wiu:) uuvi laa^ 

ending April 30, 1900. Whenever anj 
appear notify the G. S.-T. without delay. 

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599 10 80 

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From the Unions, tax, etc $11,153 2iJ 

“ Advertisers . 1 96 00 

“ Subscribers G 00 

“ Miscellaneous 1 20 

" Supplies to U. C .50 

“ Clearance Cards 3.85 

balance January 1, UKX) . . . . . 20,247 G6 

Total $:31,608 41 

Total Expenses 8,287.23 

Cash Balance, February 1, hXX) , 28,271 18 


Printing 1,000 billheads $ 2 75 

“ Making two cast of signature 60 

“ .5(X) stamped envelopes, small 75 

“ 100 stamped envelopes, large . 76 

“ 1,000 union notices of arrears . 3 60 

“ 1,000 PTench appeals 6 50 

'* 1,000 stamped envelopes .... 1 60 

“ f) — 300-page ledgers . . . » . 7 76 

“ 1— GOO-page ledger . G 25 

“ 100 Treasurer’s cash books ... 36 00 

“ 1 — 8(X)-page ledger . 7 25 

“ 10,000 letter heads ... . 40 00 

“ 1 ,000 special letter heads 4 00 

“ 26,000 copies Jan. Carpenter . 660 tX) 

“ (5,.500 additional copies .... 117 00 

“ 43 — l(X)-page ledgeis . . . . .33 64 

“ 1:3— 2lX)-page ledgers 14 5(3 

“ 6(X) postal cards 1 00 

“ 10,000 membership cards .... 22 00 

‘ 1,600 clearance cards 3 50 

Postage on January Carpenter .... 45 81 

Special writei-s for Carpenter . . 67 (X) 

Engravings for Carpenter ...... 14 16 

Telegrams 13 27 

Expressnge on supplies 62 97 

1 ,G(X) stamped envelopes 83 94 

Postage on supplies 29 .31 

Office rent for January 60 (X) 

Post office box rent 3 (X) 

86(5 badge pins ... 71 20 

2,(XX) clasp envelope 18 00 

Salary and clerk hires .37(3 GO 

Tax to A. F. of E. (Dec.). . . . GG (Xi 

■Win. II. Schultz, organizing Painesville, 

Ohio 2 70 

J. H. Blair, organizing Mount Jewett, Pa. 3 00 
Sam. Boskill, Jr., organizing Brazil, Ind. 4 00 
J. II. Brocker, organizing Wagoner, I. T. 6 00 
F. C. Walz, organizing expenses 1.3 29 

A. M. vSwartz, organizing Wilkiusburg, 

Pa ... . . . 18 00 

J. D. Bub, organizing Witt, 111 . . . 8 48 

J. A. Shaw, organizing Selma, Ala ... 10 60 

P. J. McGuire, traveling expenses . . 60 .36 

Union No. 1.34, Montreal, Can., organizing, 26 (X) 
Union No. 81(5, San Jose, Cal., organizing. 36 00 

Alfred Reichard, organizing 100 00 

David D. Maitz, Constable 6 00 

Premium on bond of G. S.-T 300 00 

Wm. D. Huber, attendance at G. E. B . . 43 10 

Jas. M. Dane, attendance at G. E. B . . . 86 86 

J. M. Dane, expenses attending Union 4.32, 

Atlantic City 4 60 

W. D. Huber, expenses for mouth of De- 
cember, 1899 • . 4(5 48 

F. C. Walz, attendance at G. E.-B .... (52 46 

A. C. Cattennull, attendance at G. E. B . 109 00 

W. J. Williams, attendance at G. E -B . . 110 60 

J. R. Miller, attendance at G. E* B. ... 114 60 

George D. Gaillard, organizing 74 20 

W. J. Williams, organizing 1(58 60 

A. C. Cattermnll, organizing 191 (X) 

Philadelphia Towel Company (X) 

Revenue stamps (5 80 

Stationery 2 85 

Total Expenses $:3,2.37 23 

receipts, FEBRUARY, 1900. 

From the. Unions, tax, etc $10,(526 52 

*' Advertisers 26:3 76 

“ Subscribers 6 !K) 

“ Miscellaneous 2 71 

Ifnlance, February 1 , IIKX) 28,271 18 

Total $:39,170 07 

Total Expenses 10,989 69 

Cash Balance, March 1, IIKX) $28,180 48 

detailed expenses, FEBRUARY, 1900. 

Printing 42—200 page ledger $17 04 

“ 1,000 French Constitutions . .‘34 60 

'* 150 Secretary's order books, . fffjOD 

“ 25,000 copies February Car- 

Dcnter 550 (X) 

“ 7, (XX) additional copies ... 126 00 

“ 10.000 p; Coustitulions 1.36 (X) 

Postage on February Carpenter . . 45 80 

Special writers for Carpenter . . 68 00 

Telegrams 19 05 

Expressage on supplies 



Postage on supplies 



l,0tX) Postals 



Office rent for February 



Salary and clerk hire 



Tax to A. F. of L. (Jan.) 



500 Badge pins 



Rubber seals and stamps 



I. B. Kuhn, organizing, Hanover, Pa. 



Chas. Dietz, organizing. New Albany, 




Lucius Jones, organizing, Selma, Ala. 



I. Spaulding, organizing, Beloit, Wis. 



E. N. Prescott, organizing, Barre, VL 



J. P'. Wollenhaupt, organizing .... 



Wm. D. Huber, expenses 



P. J. McGuire, traveling expenses . . . 



Alfred Reichard, organizing 



George D. Gaillard, “ 



Wm. J. Shields, “ 



A. C. Cattennull, “ 



W. J. Williams, “ 



Philadelphia Towel Co 








Benefits Nos. 48:3:3 to 4{K):3 



Total expenses 





From Unions, tax, etc $12,097 38 

“ Advertisers 817 25 

“ Subscribers 3 50T“ 

“ Miscellaneous 25 

Balauce, March 1, BKX) 23,180 48 

Total $10, .598 86 

Total Expenses 15,2(X5 84 

Cash Balance, April 1, BKX) $25, .'392 02 


Printing 500 stamped envelopes 
1,000 stamped envelopes 
100 stamped envelopes 
1,0(X) stamped envelopes 
61 — 1(X) page ledgers . 

30 — 100 page ledgers . 

500 postal cards 
.500 postal cards . . . 

1.000 circulars .... 

700 circulars . . . 

26, (XX) copies March Carpen- 

7.000 additional copies 

2.500 letterheads 

10.000 English Constitutions 

1.500 reception tickets , . . 
1(K) Secretary’s receipt books 
5,(X)0 manila wrappers . 

One-half ream wrapping paper . 
Postage on Mcn'ch Carpenter 
Special writers for Carpenter 
Engraving for Carpenter . . 


Expressage on supplies .... 

1 ,(XX) postal cards . 

1,6.50 stamped envelopes . . 

Postage on supplies . . ... 

Office rent for March . . 

500 pins 

Salary and clerk hire 

Tax to A. F. of I.., (Feby.) . 

C. F. Stubbs, organizing . . . 

W. A. Rossley, organizing . . . 
Donald Glass, organizing . . . 
George Gaillard, organizing 

William Coneybear organizing . , 
W. J. Williams organizing . . 

W. J. Shields, organizing 

A. Mulcay, organizing ... 

F. C. Waltz, postage and stationery 
William D. Huber, Expenses . . 

James R. Miller, expenses 
A. C. Catenmill, expenses . . 

P. J. McGuire, traveling expenses 
Union :5(X5, Newark, N. J. 

Chicago Lock-out .... 

Advertisers commission, Morrison 
" " Rice . . 

Audit of Local 471 Books, New York 



Benefits Nos. 4904 to 4965 

$l 25 
1 25 
1 60 

40 80 
24 00 

1 25 
1 25 
3 75 
15 75 

r>80 50 
133 00 
11 25 
140 00 
3 75 
25 00 

7 .50 

8 76* 
47 78 
47 00 
23 75 
33 32 
58 20 
10 00 
.36 17 
30 16 
60 00 

loO 00 
46:3 16 
66 66 
6 00 
11 GO 
13 60 

41 78 
65 00 

100 00 
.50 00 
150 00 
44 80 
• 5 00 

3 76 
83 45 

49 00 

50 00 
100 00 

64 32 
300 00 
6,000 00 
193 00 
23 00 
29 00 
2) 50 
5 81 
3 80 
6,825 00 

Total Expenses 16,206 84 

Sir Walter Bessant, in the London 
Daily ChronirJe^ approved the propo.sed 
workingmen’s convention of the 
.speaking peoples on February 22, 1901, 
for a better understanding of common 
objects. He said: “Delegates will go 
to the United States forthwith to invite 
the workingmen delegates there to come 
as the guests of English workers.” 

Name. U 

A. R. Evans 

C. H. Carlson 

William Gibbs 

Mrs. Maria Howell Laudon. 

Mrs, Tina Setuan 

William Gehritz 

Mrs, Clara Graff 

Joseph Schoenberger .... 
Mrs. Julia M. Leonard . . . 

^Heury Limoges .... 
Mrs. Annie Lawton . . 
Mrs. Marion King . . . . . 
Mrs. Mary Rerabek . . 
Mrs. Clara Knittle . . . 
Mrs. Lottie McK. Reed 
Mrs. Lottie Lhdngstou . 
Martin Latham .... 
Edward Zuschlag . . . 
Mrs. Margaret Bates . . 

N. P Lofgrcu 

Mrs. Julia Huston . . . 
Mrs. Jennie Dewey . . 

(xeorge W.Laros 

Mrs. Bridget Donnelly . . 
Mrs. Lizzie J. Smith . . . 
L. Kupferschraidt .... 
Frederick Bosch utz. . .* . 

George Gricks 

Mrs. Mary Kreamer . . . . 

Carl J. Neilson 

Mrs. Luce Pattenaude . . . 

C. W. Thome 

Mrs. Maggie Westervelt . . 

Fred Bader 

Mrs. Mary A. Davidson . . 
Benj. P'. W'oodward . . . . 
Mrs. Sadie J. Lowe . . . . 

Mrs. Ida Pearson 

Charles Wehrle 

Mrs. Sarah A. Sawyer . . 
Mrs. Christina K. Schmitz . 

Frederick Beibel 

Mrs. Elmira A. Danner . 

Mrs. Anna E. Neil 

Mrs. Marie Essig 




50 00 


200 00 


200 00 


50 00 


50 00 


.50 00 


50 00 


200 00 


25 00 


50 00 


200 00 


200 00 


200 00 


200 00 


100 00 


50 00 


50 00 


50 00 


50 00 


50 00 


50 00 


100 00 


200 00 


50 00 


100 00 


50 00 


50 00 


50 00 


100 00 

m 00 


200 00 


50 00 


50 (X) 


25 00 

2K) 00 


50 00 


50 00 


50 00 


50 00 

50 00 

50 (X) 


200 (X) 


200 00 

50 00 


50 00 


100 00 


50 (X) 


200 00 


50 00 


•200 00 


50 00 


200 00 


60 00 


60 00 


200 00 

. 605 

50 00 


60 00 


200 00 


50 00 


50 00 


50 00 

$5,950 00 

Places where Work is Dull. 

Owing to local trade movements, sus- 
pension of building operations and other 
causes, carpenters and joiners are re- 
quested to stay away from the following 
places : 

Birmingham, Ala.; Colorado Springs, 
Col.; Cripple Creek, Col.; Denver, Col.; 
Victor, Col.; Bloomington, 111., Canton, 
111.; Lincoln, 111.; Alpena. Mich,; Minn- 
eapolis, Minn.; Kansas City, Mo.; St. 
Louis, Mo.; Butte, Mont.; Helena, Mont.; 
Omalia, Neb.; New' Orange, N. J.; Buf- 
falo, N. Y.; Oklahoma City, O. X.; Scran- 
ton,. Pa.; Taylor, Pa.; Seattle, Wash.; 
Cleburu, Tex.; Los Angeles, Cal.; Ashe- 
ville, N. C.; Cedar Rapids, la.; Charles- 
ton, S. C.; Wilkes Barre, Pa.; Savauah, 
Ga.; Corsicana, Tex.; Pueblo, Col.; lola, 
Kan.; Philadelphia, Pa.; Chicago, 111.; 
Mobile, Ala.; Salt Lake City, Utah.; Lima, 
O.; Austin, Tex.; the Upper Peninsula 
of Michigan. ; Binghampton, N.Y.; New- 
ton, Mass.;. Lawrence, Mass.; Joplin, Mo.; 
Columbus, Ga.; Quincy, 111.; Kenosha, 
Wis.; Southern California.; Trenton, N. J.; 
Milwaukee, Wis.; Long Branch, N. J. ; 
Cleveland, O.; Dallas, Texas.; Easton, 
Pa.; Macon, Ga.; Marion, Ind.; Bridge- 
port, Conn.; Atlantic City, N, J.; Rat 
Portage, Ont. ; Florence, Colo. ; Hartford 
City, Ind.; Springfield, Mass.; Missoula, 
Mont.; Lincoln, Neb. ; San Jose, Cal. 

Three thousand stonemasons, brick- 
layers and stonecutters in Westche.ster 
County, N. Y., have struck for an eight- 
hour day and 44 cents an hour. 


$12,141 70 



The Carpenter. 

PHlIiADELPHIfl, MAY, 1900. 

Wage Earners, Beware I 

A word at this time to our fellow- 
unionists is not only appropriate but 
necessary. During the past two years, 
and particularly within the past eight 
months, the trade union movement has 
experienced a growlh unprecedented in 
the history of the movement on this con- 
tinent. From the officers of all our 
affiliated organizations, and from our 
organizers as well as from other quarters 
come the gratifying reports of not only a 
great influx of members into the unions, 
but the formation of an exceedingly large 
number of new unions. This great growth 
is of a most advantageous character, and 
if intelligently directed, fostered and "en- 
couraged, the trade union movement will 
receive an extension and inomentum that 
will carry it to the highest pinnacle of 
success. It will not only protect, but 
promote the interests of all the wage- 
earners, secure for them higher wages, 
fewer hours of daily toil, more regular 
work, better conditions of employment, 
and will tend to abolish injustice and the 
arbitrary rules which now bear so hard 
uj)on the toilers. The movement will 
secure for all the w'orkers a higher social 
life, will brighten our homes and suffuse 
the cheeks of our little ones with the 
radiance of a brighter future. 

With this marvelous growTh of the 
trade union movement, a few persons 
here and there liave endeavored to foist 
themselves upon our organizations; and, 
without using liarsher term, the purpose 
sought by them is not calculated to pro- * 
mote the welfare of the cause for wdiich 
the organized labor movement stands. 
Self-seekers, political hucksters, and 
financial cliarlatans, each lias sought to 
fasten his fangs upon some organization, 
and particularly upon those newly formed. 
The men in these newly formed unions, 
lacking experience, are sometimes gulled 
into the belief that blatant sophistry and 
professions of sympathy stand for honesty, 
sincerity and co-operation. 

We have on previous occasions called 
attention to the fact that the trade unions 
and the federal labor unions under the 
banner of the American Federation of 
Labor, are composed exclusively of 
wage w'orkers, men who w'ork for 
wages; and the exclusion of others does 
not necessarily reflect upon them. If pro- 
fessions of sympathy on the part of some 
who are not wage workers, are at all sin- 
cere, they can render the movement much 
more assistance, and be of far greater ser- 
vice to our cause, by aiding and encour- 
aging the organizations and Üie work on 
the outside tlian by attempting to become 
members, and in the circles of the meet- 
ing endeavor to control the counsels, 
decisions and actions of the unions. We 
court the sympatlietic aid of all, but w'e 
resent the attempt on the part of any one 
not a wage worker to try to formulate the 
policy of the trade union movement. 

“ The emancipation of the workingmen 
must be achieved by the workingmen 
themselves ” is an adage long ago recog- 
nized by the trade union movement ; and 
if there are friends of our cause who are 
ineligible to membership in the trade 
unions and federal labor unions they will 
best demonstrate their sympathy by re- 
straining their zeal to become members, 

and seekingby their supposed “ superior ” 
intelligence to fasten themselves upon 
the wage workers’ movement. 

It may be true that some organizations 
at some time may fall into error ; but it is 
better that we may err and learn experi- 
ence to avoid errors in the future than to 
have men whose interests are not identi- 
cal with those of the wage workers direct 
the affairs of any of our labor organiza- 
tions or of our general movement. The 
lesson thus far learned is that those other 
tlian wage workers who seek membership 
in any of our organizations are either 
eaten up with their own vanity or are 
self-seekers; and in either case it is de- 
structive of the best interests of the 
workers. That from the counsel of many 
comes wisdom, has long been recognized; 
and this wisdom is much more far-reach- 
ing in its influence for good than the 
supposed “superior” intelligence of 
either the professoriat, the business men, 
the theorists, the self-seekers or the camp 

In the interests of our fellow workers 
and for the safety of our movement, for 
which so many struggles have been made 
and sacrifices borne, we urge upon our 
fellow unionists everywhere to be on 
guard; and, while endeavoring to organize 
every wage earner into the union of his 
trade or calling, yet to be careful that 
none others than those whose claim to be 
considered “wage workers” will bear 
the strictest investigation are admitted 
into membership in the unions. We 
want to go as fast as safety will permit; 
but it is better to go just a little more 
slowly than by going fast to overrun the 
mark and thus defeat the very purpose for 
which we are organized. — American Fed- 
er alio nisi. 

Eight Hours. 

Eight hours for work, eight hours for 
recreation and eight hours for sleep. That 
is the way we should all divide the days 
and aid others to the same happy distribu- 
tion of time. 

Every human being has the right to 
enjoy the pleasures and benefits of this 
beautiful earth. For the humblest and 
least instructed minds there are the glories 
of sunlight and fresh air, and the joys of 
social intercourse with their own kind ; 
and there are opportunities of mental 
growth to be had everywhere for those 
who find the time to look for it. 

But what chance for growth, or pleas- 
ure, or liappiness, is there in life for those 
who labor ten, twelve or fourteen hours 
out of the twenty-four ? 

All honor to Mrs. Blaine for making a 
move in the direction of a more humane 
civilization. That this move will lead to 
much inconvenience and temporary dis- 
comfort for a large class of people is of 
small consequence when we consider the 
greater benefits to humanity in general. 
There will be universal benefit to labor. 
The wealthy classes will only be affected 
where they can best afford it— in their 
purses. The new system will simply 
necessitate new relays of domestics. 

It is time we all faced that problem. 
Its solution will result in simpler liabits 
of life and in co-operative methods of 
labor. It will lead to more unselfish con- 
ditions and will force idleness toward in- 
dustry ; for when we find no one who can 
be hired to work all the time in order tliat 
we may play all the time, all of us will 
find it practicable to work some of the 

More labor for the selfish few, 

More leisure for the toiling mass— 

These things shall surely come to pass 

As old conditions change to new. 

It will not be surprising if the new labor 
rules cause many of the people whom they 
are designed to benefit to become tyra- 
nical and overbearing for a time. The re- 
action of freedom after oppression is 

rarely agreeable in its first results. It 
requires time as well as freedom to make 
a reasoning being out of a serf. The 
colored slave imagined at first that the 
great proclamation of his emancipation 
meant that he should rule the white man 
as his chattel. Arm in arm a bevy of these 
freedmen have been encountered upon 
the streets crying: “ The time has come 
when the white man turns out for the 
black man.” 

But these unpleasant pliases of new- 
found freedom passed and better condi- 
tions followed. People who have had 
little or nothing to be grateful for do not 
learn the sentiment of gratitude in a mo- 
ment. Most of us are flagrantly ungrate- 
ful to God for all his favors, and yet we 
wonder that the laboring classes are not 
more grateful to those who allow them to 
work twelve hours out of each twenty- 
four for food and raiment. Give these 
people something to be grateful for and 
they will learn the virtue of gratitude in 
time. — Ella Wheeler, Wilcox. 

The Carpenter. 

Among craftsmen, carpenters require 
more tools and as much skill and prepara- 
.tion for their work as any of the trades. 
As a rule on a building the carpenter goes 
ahead, lays off the foundation, establishes 
the levels, plans the work and lays down 
tlie lines for the other craftsmen as well 
as his own. A carpenter must by draw- 
ings be able to draft and cut the pieces 
and parts of the framing, roofs, trusses, 
arches, etc. ; must know how to execute 
the details of cornice, cupola, tower and 
veranda of the outside and all the 
delicate work on .stairs, arches, alcoves, 
mantels, doors, blinds, windows, etc., of 
inside finish. He must not only know 
how to build for .strength and durability, 
but must regard beauty and artistic effect. 
This certainly requires a high and valua- 
ble degree of proficiency and skill in his 

With all the responsibility for the finer 
parts of his work, the carpenter does more 
climbing, lifting and luird work than any 
other of the builders, but receives less 
pay. Carpenter work has as much risk 
of accident, exposure to heat and cold, is 
subject to loss of time on account of bad 
weather as much as other trades which 
receive twice as much pay. As a rule 
caiq>enters are a .sober, industrious, de- 
serving people. They build for 
others, but are nearly all homeless. 

Carpenters build up and enhance the 
valuation of property by millions of dol- 
ars, but have no homes, no provisions 
ahead nor scarcely a dollar in money. 
Their wages are only sufficient to keep 
working .shoes on his feet and a coat on 
his back, and food enough to keep 
him working, eating and sleeping like a 
horse in a treadmill. A carpenter’s hours 
are so long and his pay .so light that he 
becomes di.scouraged. Because he cannot 
dress him.self and family well enough to 
attend Sunday .school and church, he 
drops out and can .scarcely afford tuition 
and books for the day .school, and so like 
a man in a boat trying to row^ up stream, 
he sees him.self falling back in life and 
becomes di.scouraged. 

These bad conditions of the carp>enter’s 
trade are due to several, all 
of which can readily be remedied by 
proper organization. 

Lack of organization has allowed many 
abuses to creep in upon him— saw and 
liatcheLmen, piece work, the arch fiend 
of the trade ; sub-contracting men com- 
ing in from the farm a part of each year 
and working at the trade, carpenters bid- 
ding under each other on jobs and cutting 
under each other in wages. All of these 
and other evils are tending to sink the 
once noble trade of tlie carpenter to the 
lowest possible grade. 

To build up the trade, carpenters should 
organize, e.stablish an apprentice system 
and keep out the saw and hatchet niau 
and the farmer. 

Let them act together as brother.? slriv' 
ing to become skilled in their w’ork and 
to command better compensation for their 
.services. — Business Agent in Binghamp' 
ion Ledger. 

Our Many Strikes. 

Lots of bosses are often bothered by the 
.strikes of their men. Bu.siness may he 
going along to their profit when .suddenly 
there is a strike by which things are 
knocked end foremost. They suffer loss, 
and they sometimes have to bear suffer- 
ing that is worse than loss. 

The “upper 10,000” are enjoying 
even now a good many of the employ®^® 
of labor in some parts of the country are 
having experiences that they don’t lih® 
and are afraid of other rough experiences 
that may come any day. 

Just look at the condition of tw'O ot 
three of the biggest industries in Chicago» 
and at the perpetual trouble in the coa 
mining regions, and at the everlasting 
ructions in the sweatshops, and the ofl- 
recurring controversies between the rail- 
road corporations and their eniployo^» 
and at the recent complainings in the cot- 
ton mills, and at the other like incidents, 
to which there is no end. Look now even 
at the .strike of some of our cigar niakei'S» 
which is disturbing all the cigar factories 
of this city. 

No wonder that so many bosses nre 
kept in a state of irritation. They never 
can tell wliat may happen. The get 

gry as they ask, “ Will these malcontents 

ever be satisfied ?” 

The Philadelphia Press, in moralizl^^ 
upon it all, says, “ It was hoped that th^ 
severe experiences of the past had taug 
both sides a lesson, and that the 
ences which have disturbed the lab^^ 
world would not be repeated, but t^^ 
expectation seems to be fated not to 

That’s so, Mr. Press, and it certain y 
will not be realized till the millions o 
hired men get more of their rights than 
they have ever yet asked for and get th^^t 
proper share of the abundance with whic 
this world is filled. 

But I have spoken of this matter befotß 
and shall now only refer to two of t 
features of our modern strikes. 

In the first place, the workmen always 
try to come to terms with their empi^y^*^® 
before they strike. They seek to g^^^' 
what they desire by negotiation, reason, 
appealing to justice and pointing out 
facts in the case. It has been .said fai®^ ^ 
that “ war is the last resort of kings,’ 
it may be said truly that in the 
majority of cases a strike is the last res 
of labor. Only when labor hears th ^ 
cruel words used by Rossiter at the ^ 
of the last Brooklyn trolley strike, 
have nothing to arbitrate,” does it ® 
back upon its last line of defense. ' 
months ago that the men of the Chic^ 
building trades laid their compi^^^^ ^ 
before the contractors. The 
machinists haven’t sought to strike, ^ 
miners don’t like to strike, the cig 
makers of this city didn’t want to stn 

In the second place, the demands 
the wage earners are nearly always 
They ask that an hour may be taken 
their day’s toil, or that a pittance he ad^ ^ 
to their wages or that some harsh cu 
be abolished, or tliat reasonable 
their unions be recognized. That sa 
all. It‘t much. 

If, therefore, the bosses are so 
annoyed by strikes, they need do no 
more than to heed the few requests o 
men from whose work their 
drawn.— yo//« Swinion in NcW 
Evening World. 




^his life is one in which every human 
is expected to do something for 
himself by means of which he can earn 
passage through it. “ If a man will 
^ot work, neither shall he eat,” is a 
proverb that ought to be practically 
applied to every man or woman of adult 
who is not an invalid. If it were, 
present untoward condition of things 
^ould no longer exist among men. So 
^®^g as there is an idle man or woman 
^mong those who have acquired large 
fortunes, just so long will there be idle 
and w^omen in the ranks of the 
So-called proletariat. So long as the hoard- 
^*^g of capital, and its non-use by its 
Owners are pennitted, just so long wdll 
^here be lack of employment for the 
^t)oring people. 

Capital, as well as men and w'omen, 
should be kept busy. A man or woman 
"ho holds more than he or she can make 
^se of, despoils the yeomanry of the 
Nation of that wdiich is rightfully theirs, 
^gislation has been .so shaped for the 
past quarter of a century as to take the 
power from the sovereign people and place 
in the hands of the few. Men and 
"'onien are not permitted to-day to select 
die professions for which they are best 
htted, and through which they can do 
^he most for their fellowmen. In some 
they are virtually prohibited from 
labor by the law of the land. Instead of 
Encouraging people to do for themselves, 
lEgislation is now employed to compel 
d^Ein to do as others wish. This is true 
also when bodies of strikers seek to keep 
^heir fellows from their toil. But it will 
apply with double force to the capitalist 
"'lio locks his doors and forbids men to 
"^ork unless they will yield their 
^cred rights as human beings into his 


^iie time has come when the people 
*l^ould demand tliat there should be no 
^^terference with their right to labor; 
d^at there should be a law compelling all 
^En to honestly earn their bread. ‘‘ The 
'unearned increment” has too long served 
advance the interests of a favored few, 
it should now be recovered to the 
people as a whole. Honest labor never 
Ewers a man or a woman, but always en- 
^obles both. To be an idler is a disgrace 
Oianhood or womanhood, and no lower 
Reimen of the genus homo can be 
pUiid in the world than the one who is 
''^'ng at the expense of others, upon that 
^^ich he has never earned for himself. 

It may be urged that there is not work 
Enough for all of the people in America. 

is arrant nonsense. Take the chil- 
^Eii out of the mills and factories; divide 
labor demanded of the overworked 


m the sweat shops; put extra crews 

the mines, that the output of coal 
^nd other products may reduce the price 
^ the consumer and still give capital its 
nre; make railroad and streetcar ser- 
'^Ee eight hours per day, divided among 
j Ee crews; reduce the hours of farm 
^or, and put more men into the field; 
E the same with the telegraph and tele- 
" ^He operators ; demand that good 
shall be builded in every commu- 
in the United States ; let the govern- 
Ent do all of these things, and there 
' i be work enough for all. 
t, ^i^Ei] the above is carried into effect 
Ere will be an increased demand for the 
^*^^Ucts of the mills, farms and factories. 
Eoplg will have something to buy with, 
there will no longer be granaries 
^*‘^tiug ^itii food in one place while 
^ Women and children are starving to 
in another. Labor will then have 
its ^ dues, and capital will receive 

^ ^Wn. The brotherhood of the race 
'' only be established by this means. 
We should all work that this high 

aim may be ours in America. Goldsmith 
says : 

“ III fares the land, to hastening ills a prey, 
Where wealth accumulates and men decay. 
Princes and lords may flourish or may fade; 

A breath can make them as a breath has made, 
But a bold peasantry, a country’s pride, 

When once destroyed, can never be supplied.” 

Unless America becomes a nation of 
workers with no drones in the hive, its 
future will be indeed uncertain. — Banner 
of Light. 

An Atrocious Injunction. 

Whither are we drifting ? At the re- 
quest of the Cigar Manufacturers’ Asso- 
ciation two weeks ago. Justice Freedman, 
of the Supreme Court of New York issued 
an injunction seeking to restrain the 
striking cigarmakers from picketing or 
attempting in any way to deter others 
from taking their places and enjoins 
sympathiz.ers from giving financial aid 
for the purpose of continuing the move- 

President Gompers attended the meet- 
ing of the Central Federation Union in 
New York last Sunday and announced 
that he had come to openly defy the 
sweeping injunction granted by Justice 

“ Usually,” said Mr. Gompers, ” when 
the labor movement is booming some one 
is ifound, clothed with the ermine of a 
Supreme Justice, who tries to check the 
advance. Never in the entire history of 
the world has a tyrant been found with- 
out a Judge to clothe his tyranny in the 
forms of law— and a fitting representation 
of this class is found in a man who, by 
his action, belies his own name — for he 
is called Freedman. 

‘‘ It is nece.ssary for some man to oppose 
this injunction, and I am glad to see that 
the stand lias already been made. 

I am here especially to violate the in- 
junction. I have done .so before, at a 
di.stance. Now I want to ‘ face the 
music,’ if there is any. 

” I have contributed to the fund for 
pickets, and to-morrow morning I .shall 
speak to the .strikers in Bohemian Na- 
tional Hall, on East Seventy-second 
street, and urge them to keep on, in 
spite of injunctions. 

Commenting upon the course of this 
Supreme Court Justice, the Philadelphia 
North American says: 

Ju.stice Freedman’s injunction prohibit- 
ing the members of the Cigarmakers’ 
Union from paying benefits to cigarmak- 
ers who have left the emplo}^ of a New 
York manufacturer is an atrocious abuse 
cf judicial power. The Supreme Court of 
New York, through Justice Freedman, 
says to workmen who have money : ” You 
must not, on pain of being sent to jail, 
give any of your money to men who to work for S. Levy & Co, You let those men and their families 
starve. The State of New York will de- 
termine how you spend your earnings, 
and you shall not give your money away 
to persons who will not accept the wages 
offered by S. Levy:” 

If the doctrine involved in this mon- 
strous injunction should be sustained, the 
man who works would be reduced to a 
state of slavery. No absolute monarchy 
of the old world would dare to enforce its 
claim of sovereignty to such on extreme. 

Samuel Gompers has advised the Cigar- 
makers’ Union to disregard the injunc- 
tion and ^to violote it at once. He is 
right. The authority of a court to dic- 
tate the disposition of property over 
which it has acquired no control by pro- 
cess of law should be tested promply. 
Justice Freedman should be compelled to 
show how, where and when he acquired 
jurisdiction over the money in the pock- 
ets of American citizens who bappev to 
be members of a cirgarmakers’ union. 

Forge Ahead, Brothers in Labor. 

At no time in the history of the trade- 
union movement have the organizations 
of wage-workers been so numerous or 
their pro.spects so favorable for their 
forced march of progress to secure de- 
sirable conditions than they are to-day. 

During the past year the movement for 
an eight-hour day has taken unto itself 
renewed activity, and, with the assistance 
of the labor press and the acquiescence of 
a hostile press, it can be safely predicted 
that May 1, 1900, will see the inaugura- 
tion and adoption of the shorter workday 
by many doubting Thomases, who can 
not believe in the possibility of securing 
an improvement in the industrial field 
until long after its enforcement. 

In the past few years unions have had 
to combat the power of concentrated capi- 
tal, reinforced by labor-displacing ma- 
chinery and cheap forms of distribution, 
all tending to demoralize and weaken the 
power of labor organizations. That they 
have been enabled to withstand the com- 
bined attack of such forces and increase 
their numerical strength, despite their 
natural and unnatural enemies, demon- 
strates the overwhelming latent force held 
in abeyance for the final struggle for com- 
plete emancipation from condi- 
tions and the entering into the new 
field of contentment. 

Labor organizations in clothing them- 
selves with the mantle of bettef condi- 
tions, which, for the time appear to inter- 
fere with the vested rights of capital, have 
had to battle with biased and adverse de- 
cisions of courts, and in many cases 
against the unwarranted interferance of 
judges, who issue injunctions, depriving 
the organizations of the directors of their 
force, in their struggle for what has time 
and again been adjudicated to be their 
inalienable right guaranteed by the con- 

The trade unions are rapidly spreading 
the glad tidings of a remedy for unorgan- 
ized wage-workers can readily be verified 
by the formation within the past few 
months of many new national unions — 
coremakers, bicycle workers, meat cut- 
ters and butcher workmen, steam engin- 
eers and musicians — all of whom are pro- 
gressing rapidly toward organizing those 
engaged in their particular craft ; and 
this at a time when prosperity’s sun ap- 
pears to have hid its face, in shame and 
sorrow that in a land of plenty, youth and 
beauty .should hunger and thirst and beg 
•in vain for relief from the hands of their 

Look at what we are now in our par- 
tially organized condition, and then think 
what we might be in one complete or- 
ganization embracing all wage-workers. 

What better object lesson can be placed 
before our vision than the response made 
by the executive of the national organiza- 
tions to the call for a conference at 
Wheeling, W. Va., July 27. With less 
than forty-eight hours’ notice there gath- 
ered in that city a most remarkable con- 
clave of labor men, and that it lias been 
of incalculable benefit to the miners must 
be admitted. It was called for the pur- 
pose of aiding the miners and to offset 
the force of an injunction secured under 
condition^ that must be repugnant even 
to the godhead who prepared, presented 
and issued it — a license that .seldom falls 
to the lot of man. 

Friends, brothers and fellow-workers, 
be of good cheer, the trade union army in 
solid phalanx is steadily marching for- 
ward, and when victory has been achieved 
and the flag of prosperity will have been 
flung to the breezes over the field of 
labor’s equality won, it will be cheered by 
the victorious ho.sts marshalled in trium- 
phant array under the banner pf tlieir 
national organization, in full|«affiliation 

with the American Federation of Labor. 
Frank Morrlson, 

Secretory A. F. of L- 

The Rights of Labor. 

Contemporaneously capital draws its 
only value from labor ; labor draws its 
reward, its sustenance, from capital. The 
wealth of a nation lies precisely in its 
power to produce, and as the indus- 
trial activities increase or diminish the 
nation is prosperous or unpro.sperous. 
We must hear the song of the shuttle and 
the loom, the .sound of the ax and the 
hammer, the whir of wheels, the rattle of 
grain in the hopper, the click of the 
reaper, and everywhere, in the field or 
forest, and mill and mine, the ear 
catch the melodies of the industrial chorus. 
What would it profit capital to hush these 
.sounds? We will rub the rust from the 
plow.share. We will kindle the fire in the 
furnace. We will dig in the earth and 
pour the ore into the vat. But the dol- 
lars — shall they remain idle in the vaults ? 
Shall they congest in the centers while 
the arteries dwindle away ? Capital may 
combine if it pleases— no objection can be 
urged to a combination of capital for 
legitimate But there is a limit 
beyond which capital dare not go in the 
proce.ssof concentration. Labor’s oppor- 
tunities must not be restricted, labor’s 
rights must be respected and capital must 
return a fair equivalent. Wages must not 
be forced down by unholy combinations. 
This is the real i.ssue in America. How 
shall it be met ? Shall there be a segre- 
gation of the particles in the economic 
unity ? Sliall the lines of divergence 
broaden, or sliall organized capital and 
organized labor weed out the heterogeni- 
ties and blend and build upon a common 

The continued concentration of capital 
has amply justified unionism. Unionism 
is not an aggressive force — it is protev^Llrc 
in its nature. It seeks to .stay the hauii 
that filches the toiler’s sweat. It is an 
organized, but peaceful against 
the encroachments of organized capital 
upon the rights of labor. It is not seek- 
-ing to destroy fortunes, but to build them, 
and it only asks in return a fair equiva- 
lent for the wasted brawn. Capital 

should recognize the rights of labor. The 
rich man .should no longer .shake his table 
cloth in the face of Lazarus. Lazarus has 
grown tired of the leavings. There should 
be a touching of palms. Labor is concilia- 
tory ; why .should capital be arrogant ? 
Labor is sacrificial ; should capital be 
lusty, exacting, avaricious? Capital 

should not have the power to fix the price 
of labor without paying a decent respect 
to the wishes of the man who toils. Capi- 
tal should not liave the power to fix the 
price of commodities without paying a 
decent re.spect to the wi.shes of the pro- 
ducer, at one end of the line and the con- 
sumer at the other. With this jiower it 
is possible for*capilal to make labor cheap 
and living high. It is possible for capi- 
tal to force the scale of wages to the 
minimum. This is labor’s curse to-day, 
and let us withdraw from the awfulness 
of the prospect. We should scourge the 
money changers from the capitol lest the 
owl chant a requiem from liberty’s tower. 
Shylook may have his ducats, according 
to the stipulation, but with picks, and 
hods and mivsons’ trowels we will fight 
him to the ditch for the flesh. It is 
labor’s cause, and labor’s cause is human- 
ity’s and G6d’s. It is a que.stion which 
addresses itself to the virtuous inherency 
of mankind, and the toiler’s protest, what- 
ever it may be, against the tyrannies of 
aggregated wealth will find a holy sanc- 
tion in the love of the Infinite Father. — 



Lessons In Practical Carpentry. 


II.T up timbers, or timbers 
made to any given length, by 
placing thin layers of planks 
or boards side by side and 
spiking them well together 
with good wire spikes, or by bolting them 
together with carriage bolts, is an old 
method and a good one for making tim- 
bers to the proper length, if only intended 
for ordinary purposes such as bressumers, 
bearing beams for joints and like pur- 
poses, but for heavy strains in roof 
work or for bridge work the solid timber 

is much to be preferred. In making 
built-up timbers care must be taken not 
to have two butt joints opposite each 
other, and the flitches, or pieces of plank 
or board, should butt each other snug and 
tight, for an open butt join in a built-up 
timber is a very serious defect. 

The planks or boards forming the 
flitches should all be planed to even 
thicknesses, so that each layer may lit 
snugly to its neighbor. The layers may 
be of different thicknesses, that is, one 
may be formed of 3-inch plank, a second 
of 2-inch plank, and another of l>^-inch 
plank, etc, but in all cases each laye 
should be the same thickness throughout. 
Timbers built up in this way may be made 
to run any rea.sonable length, and may be 
made of almost any sectional dimensions, 
and will in most cases serve the purpose 
to satisfaction. 

Sometimes it is necessary to make a 
sort of a lock joint splice in timber and 


fished joint, made equal in strength to 
the tie itself, less one bolt hole, though 
only by sacrificing the sole advantage 
which a scarfed has over a fished joint, — 
namely, that it does not involve any 
increase in the sectional area of the tie at 

t n ; 

Fig. 4. 

the joint and may be concealed from view 
altogether where appearance is an object. 

When fish-plates are used there is 
nothing to be gained by working the ends 
of the scarfs as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, as 

1 . 

the splice will be just as strong if the 
ends are left square as shown at Fig. 3. 

Headgold gives the following rules, 
based upon the relative resistance to ten- 
sion, crushing, and shearing of different 
woods ; for the proportion which the 
length or overlap of a scarf should bear 
to the depth of the tie : 










* 2 
o S 









Oak, ash, elm, etc 


1 ^ 


Pine and similar woods, . . . 



Scarfed joints with bolts and indents 
are such as that shown at Fig. 3, which 
is about the strongest of the kind. From 
this it will be seen that the strongest and 
most economical method in every way, in 

part of the workman will unravel this 
method. Fig. 7, is somewhat different, 
and consists of a bolt which is int^erted 
into the ends of the timber, as .shown, 
the bolt having a nut on one or both 
ends, as may be required. Mortises will 
have to be cut into the timber, which 
form pockets for the nuts exactly the 
same as for jointing the butts of a hand- 
rail. The shape of the nut is shown, but, 
where two nuts are used; one only may 
be shaped as per diagram, as the other 
will do square, as the bolt may be screwed 
into it before the end of the other timber 
is run on the bolt. The little notches on 

Fig. 5. 

the nut are made so as to admit of the 
nut being screwed up tight by aid of a 
cold chisel or other device which must be 
worked in the nut pocket. 

When a scarfed joint is employed, the 
timber should be fixed so that the sur- 
faces of the scarf may be parallel to the 
direction of the bending stresses, the 
joint being .strongest when so placed ; 

order to suit the mortise. In this case 
the mortise and tenon are drawn-borßd} 
and the two pinned together solid. 

In cases where one piece of timber 
joins another at right angles, and is not 
on one extreme corner, it may be halved 

together, as .shown in Fig. 8, or it may 
be beveled over, as shown in Fig. 9. 
this latter joint, the surfaces of the checks 
are splayed or beveled up and down, as 
shown. If the lower beam is finnly 
bedded, and upper beam has a weight 
upon it, so that the surfaces are kept 
close together, their splayed form pr®' 
vents the upper beam from being drawn 

Fjg. 9. 

away in the direction of its length, and 
greatly strengthens the joint, Dovetai 
lialving. Fig. 10, is sometimes adopts 
in this kind of framing, but it is 
tionable because of the wood shrinking 
so much more across the grain than 


Fig. 2. 

then one of the following methods may 
be resorted to for the purpose, either one 
of which will be found suited to the pur- 
pose. The example shown at Fig. 1, 
exhibits a method by which the two 
ends of the limber are joined together 
with a step-splice and spur or tenon on 
end, being drawn tight together by the 
keys, as shown in the shaded part. Fig. 2 
is a similar joint, though simpler and 
therefore a better one ; A, A are geiier- 
nlly joggles of hard wood, and not wedged 
keys, but the latter are preferable, as they 
allow of tightening up. The shearing 
used along B F, should be pine, and be not 
less than six and a half times B, C ; and 
B, C should be equal to at least twice the 
depth of the key. The shear in the keys 
being at right angles to the grain of the 
wood, a greater stress per square inch of 

lengthening ties, is by the adoption of the 
common scarf joint, as shown at Fig. 3, 
and fishing the scarf as there represented. 

The carpenter meets with many con- 
ditions when timbers of various kinds 
have to be lengthened out and .spliced, 
as in the of wall plates, etc., where 
there is not much tensile stress. In such 
cases the timbers may simply be lialved • 
together and secured with nails, spikes, 
bolts, screws or pins, or, they may be 
halved or bevelled as shown in Fig. 4, 
which, w^hen boarded above, as in the case 
of wall-plates built in the wall, or as 
.stringers on which partitions are set, or 
joist beams on which the lower edges of 
the joists rest, they will hold good 

There are other metliods for tying the 
ends together in the direction of their 


shearing area can be put upon theqj than 
along B F, but their shearing area should 
be equal in strength to the other parts of 
the joint ; oak is the best wood for them, 
as its shearing strength is from four to 
five times that of pine. 

In all cases of this kind the length of 
the scarf may be diminished, and its 
strength increased by the use of iron 
bolts, either by themselves or in connec- 
tion with fish-plates, in which latter case 
it may be, as in the case of a simply 


lengtlis besides halving a scarfing as 
shown, among which are those shown at 
Figs. 5, 6 and 7. The method shown at 
Fig. 5 exhibits a double-headed hardwood 
key inserted into a mortise or cavity cut 
to receive it in the ends of the timbers, 
and the joint is drawn up tight by driving 
the wedges. A, between the ends of the 
timbers and the shoulders of the key. 
Fig. 6, to some extent, speaks for itself, 
as the manne^of » plainly 

represented, little ingenuity on the 

Fig. n. 

but, which ever way it is placed, care 
must be taken that the abutting surfaces, 
on the compression side of the beam are 
at right angles to the direction of the 
thrust. If fish plates are used, the beam, 
if fished only, should be placed so that 
they may be at right angles to the direc- 
tion of the bending stress in which posi- 
tion they are working at the greatest 
distance from the neutral axis of the 
beam, and therefore to the greatest ad- 
vantage ; but if scarfed, the joint as 
already stated, will be stronger with the 
surfaces of the fish plates parallel to the 
direction of the thrust. 

In cases where timbers are to be framed 
together at right angles to each other, 
many methods are in use, some of which 
I purpose giving in these papers. If the 
junction of the timbers is at the corner of 

along it, and the cou.sequence is . 

.shrinks more than c, ^ 

drawn partly out, and does not 
firm connection. The joint is, inoreo^ 
very weak at the angles Wt ^ 
sometimes improved by cutting slion 
to the dovetail, as at 5 , Fig. 1 
tails are not liable to the same objec 
when the grain in both pieces 
.same way, but in that case, if 1^® 
shrinks, or is .strained in the directio^ 
its length, the checks are very lial>^^ 


split off. rfsiiig 

The next method is that of nio 
and tenoning, which is perhaps 
of methods of joining timbers at f 
angles to each other, when H 
applied. Fig. 12, shows the 
which is a common mortise an 

joint, in w'hich, if the tenon were^ 
into the mortise, the strength o 


a building, as for a .sill or a plate, lialving 
may be adopted, as shown at Fig. 8, and 
this may be a clean sejuare lialving, as 
shown in the figure, or it may be beveled, 
something after the manner seen in Fig. 
4. In some cases, particularly in heavy 
one sill is mortised 
with a shoulder left\>n and the sill join- 
ing it ia tenoned ||^d relished back in 

• ct 

joint to resist every stress but <■ ^ 
sion or compression would ve 
depend on the strengtli 
which, in such a case, .shoul 
as possible consistent with not '' to^ 
the other timl>er too much by ^ t^^ 

large a mortise. But when .^j.plsi^ 
conditions cannot be fulfiBc i th^ 

are generally adopted, such as 



proper merely performs the oflSce of keep- 
the working parts of the joint in 
position. Whenever the mortise does 
not run right through the timber, the 
^^ngth of the tenon should be slightly 
than the depth of the mortise into 

^Uich it fits, since the latter will diminish 
’n depth as the beam shrinks in width, 
''whilst no corresponding shortening of the 
will take place. If this is not 
^^lended to, the bearing parts of the 
Mortise and tenon joint could not be 
^de to fit correctly after shrinkage has 


Fig. 12. 

. place ; whilst in a compression 
the stress would ultimately be 
entirely on the end of the tenon, 
ich must then be crip|)led before the 
faring surfaces could again do their 

London’s Labor Parade. 

annual social season of London 
^pHed on the 1st inst. with great display 
^ and a general prodigality of flow- 
„ ‘ ^he streets during the early part of 
ho^ were filled with gaily-caparisoned 
rses and people clad in garments be- 
summer season thronge<l the 
^^^glifares and crowded the parks, 
^'^ii^gton and Camberwell prizes 
^''^^rded for the most ingeniously 
horses. The animals were 
i” variegated habiliments, and in 
^tt presented a spectacle that 

^^cted an immense multitude of people. 
0 ^ great labor demonstration 

Cro Palace in the afternoon. The 

de almost suffocating in their 

1-iiose who were unfortunate 
imprisoned in their midst, 
jj^i^ Luilding and every house in the 
^l^nborhoofl were bright with banners, 
parade was held, speeches were 
sjxirts were indulged in and a May- 
^*^ce added beauty and picturesque- 
scene. The program ended 
^'**play of fireworks and a special 
% . P'^ce, which produced amazing en- 

Trades Unions. 

Of Unions are legitimate outgrowths 
tli^j^ ^strial conditions, and therefore 
otg^ ^^'stence needs no defense. They are 
th^ of necessity through which 

d^f^ are enabled to protect and 

from encroachment, 
^»id wrong. They are organiza- 
^Cou working class, grappling with 
'c and social problems tliat con- 

Mth time to time, dealing 

them ‘ 


tti a practical manner, to the 

^ **olution commensurate with 

may l>e attained. 

Ojjji^ tiiiions not only discuss econ- 
social problems, but deal with 
^ fashion calculated to bring 
V ^Ue 

ter conditions of life, and fit the 

'«Hor • «rcater struggles, 

^^^*^** enmnci|)ation yet to 
Journal Zanesville^ Ohio, 


The National Eight-Hour Law. 

The House Committee on Labor at a 
special meeting last week, directed a 
favorable report on the Gardener eight- 
hour bill, which has attracted much 
attention in labor circles and among con- 
tractors for government w’ork. The vote 
was unanimous in its favor. In its 
amended form the bill is as follows : 

“That each and every contract here- 
after made, to which the United States, 
any territory, or the District of Colum- 
bia is a party, and every such contract 
made for or on behalf of the United 
States or any territory, or said district, 
which may require or involve the em- 
ployment of laborers or mechanics, shall 
contain a provision that no laborer or 
mechanic doing any part of the w’ork 
contemplated by the contract, in the em- 
ploy of the contractor or any sub-con- 
tractor contracting for any part of said 
work, shall be required or permitted to 
work more than eight hours in any one 
calendar day ; and each and every con- 
tract sliall stipulate a penalty for each 
violation of th^ provision directed by this 
act, of five dollars for each laborer or 
mechanic, for each and every calendar 
day in w’hich he shall labor more than 
eight hours ; and any officer designated 
as inspector of the work to be performed 
under any such contract, or to aid in en- 
forcing the fulfillment thereof, shall, 
upon observation or investigation, report 
to the proper officer of the United Stales 
or any territory, or the District of Col- 
umbia, all violations of the provisions of 
this act directed to be made in each and 
every such contract, and the amount of 
the penalties stipulated in any such con- 
tract shall be withheld by the officer or 
person whose duty it shall be to pay the 
moneys due under such contract, whether 
the violation of the provisions of such 
contract is by the contractor, his agents 
or employes, or any sub-contractor, his 
agents or employes. No ]>erson on behalf 
of the United States or any territory, or 
the District of Columbia, shall rebate or 
remit any penalty imposed under any 
provision or stipulation herein provided 
for, unless upon a finding which he shall 
make up and certify that such penalty 
was imposed by reason of an error in fact. 

“ Nothing in this act shall apply to con- 
tracts for transportation by land or water, 
or so much of any contract as is to be per- 
formed by way of transportation, or for 
such materials as may usually be bought 
in open market, whether made to con- 
form to particular specifications or not. 
The proper officer on behalf of the United 
States, any territory, or the District of 
Columbia, may waive the provisions and 
stipulations in this act provided for, as to 
contracts for military or naval works or 
supplies during time of war, or a time 
when war is imminent. No penalty shall 
be exacted for violations of such pro- 
visions due to extraordinary emergency 
caused by fire, flood or danger to life and 
property. Nothing in this act shall be 
construed to repeal or mcxlify diapter 352 
of the laws of the Fifty-second Congress, 
approved August 1, 1892, or as an attempt 
to abridge the pardoning iwwer of the 

In Berlin, Germany, nearly 20,000 cabi- 
netmakers are on strike. 

ThK trades unions of Switzerland have 
a total membership of 46,359. 

THK Toronto City Council has ordered 
the Union Ubel to be placed on the 

municipal firemen’s clothing. 


KiOitT and nine hour bills are fighting 
their way in the legislative halls of Austria 
and Gcniiany. countries are not 
the foremost of industrial countries. 

London Letter. 


VST year’s report of the Amal- 
gamated Society of Carpenters 
and Joiners is just issued, and 
a most inspiring record of 
trade-unions’ success it makes. 
First as to numerical and financial expan- 
sion. During last year 5,147 members 
(over and above all deaths, withdrawals, 
expulsions, lapses, etc.) were added to 
the societies’ roll, and over $140,000 in 
cash was saved. The membership at the 
end of the year was 61 ,781 , and the reserve 
funds or cash balance-in-hand, amounted 
to $1 ,002, 650. The increase in numerical 
strength is the greatest registered in any 
of the forty years of the A. S. C. J’s. 
existence. The biggest jump in the 
balance- in-liand figures however took 
place in 1898 when a sum of $182,020 was 
added to reserve. 

The total income last year was $753,265 
and the- expenditure $614,175. The main 
heads of expenditure came under the 
various benefits. Unemployed pay took 
$74,965, “ trade privileges” (dispute pay, 
etc.), $82,845. superannuation, $81,335. 
sickness pay, $167,065, funeral grants, 
$29,030, accident benefits, $17,475; benevo- 
lent grants,$ 12,955; tool insurance, $14,- 
525; and special grants to own and other 
trades, $9,355. The “trade privileges” 
figure is the largest ever recorded in the 
hivStory of the society, and w'as mainly 
piled up in fighting attempt on the part 
of employers to introduce new working 
conditions adverse to section of members 
in the various parts of the United King- 

Superannuation is likewise a very 
heavy figure, the amount spent annually 
under this head having more than doubled 
since 1893 when the membership of the 
union has increased only fifty per cent. 

Numerous advantages in the ways of 
hours and wages were gained for the 
members throughout the British Empire 
last year. In 105 districts of England 
and Wales increased wages w'ere secured 
in some cases amounting to over a dollar 
a week — as at Bexley Heath, East Dere- 
ham, Hexham, Lowestaff and Newmarket 
— ^but usually about half a dollar. In 
twenty-three of these cases reduction of 
hours accompanied the raise in wages — ^the 
biggest reduction being at Boston, Lin- 
colnshire, where nine Hours were chipped 
off the old week. 

In Ireland two districts secured in- 
creased wages, Holy wood and Omagh, 
each of about fity cents per week. 

Eighteen districts of Scotland secured 
a raise in wages — the highest Kinghorn, 
a dollar per week. At Ayr the house 
carpenters and joiners secured a reduction 
of three hours per week. 

Ten districts of Australia and New 
Zealand where the A. S. C. J., has 
branches, announce wage increases. In 
all cases but one the advance was $1.50 
per week, the exception being half that 

Only one district in the United Kingdom 
sustained a decrease in wages, Bishop 
Auckland, and here a half dollar was the ex- 
tent of the reduction. Two districts had 
their hours lengthened — Cheltenliam in 
England and Kinghorn in Scotland— a lialf 
hour per week in the first case and three 
hours in the latter. 

Such was 1899. The present rear 
opened quietly, but difficulties are gradu- 
ally cropping up, and in Scotland especi- 
ally things are l>eginning to look black. 
Attempted reductions of wages are being 

tried in several centres. On Good Friday 
a mass meeting of 1 ,500 Edinburgh join- 
ers was held when the proposition of the 
local employers to reduce the local union 
rate from 19 to 17 cents was vigorously 
debated and the firm attitude of the men 
at length forced a compromise. Both 
sides agreed to a rate of 18 cents per hour. 
The masons are still fighting a similar 

At Glasgow the employers made a gen- 
eral intimation three months ago of an 
approaching all-round reduction of two 
cents per hour. The present rate for 
joiners at Glasgow is 20 cents per hour 
and the men are determined to strike if 
the reduction be presvsed. Trouble is 
also simmering at Aberdeen. 

Block flooring disputes nearly precipi- 
tated a serious conflict at Liverpool last 
week. The three national societies of 
carpenters and joiners after a united con- 
ference of local branches issued a circular 
claiming the right to lay block flooring 
and threatening a strike of all concerned 
if outsiders were brought in to do the 
work. The Master Builders’ Association 
replied wdth a lock-out of 50 per cent, of 
all the carpenters and joiners in the city 
and tln-eatened to lock-out the remainder 
very shortly unless the circular so obnoxi- 
ous to them was withdrawn. Consequently 
a great meeting of 2,000 men was held at 
the Picton lecture hall to discuss the lock- 
out, etc. It was agreed that the circu- 
lar should be withdrawn till November, 

Last July representatives of the build- 
ing trade unions and of the National 
Association of Master Builders met 
together at Salisbury Hotel, London, 
to discuss the basis of a scheme for a 
National Conciliation Board in trade 
disputes. The desirability of such a 
board was agreed to by all the conferers, 
and last month the men’s delegates fore- 
gathered once more to consider the cor- 
respondence received lately from the 
Master Builders upon this question. Here 
the matter came to a full stop. The em- 
ployers association would proceed no 
further unless the trade would agree to 
a money deposit as a guarantee that the 
awards of the Conciliation Board would 
be carried out. The trade unions know- 
ing something of the working of these 
guarantees elsewhere rightly refused to 
entertain the idea, considering that suffi- 
cient security lay in the votes of the 
unions and the assurance of the execu- 
tives. Hence, notliing was done. 

Be Ye Not Ingrates. 

The men who fought the battles for 
labor, who make enemies of capitalists 
and corporations by what they do and 
say, have trials enough to encounter 
without feeling that they must also be on 
their guard against enemies in the very 
ranks of labor, who ought to be their 
friends and supporters. But, while it is 
discouraging to know that there are crea- 
tures so despicable as to seek to blight 
the good work of loyal men (and it would 
be difficult to imagine anything so utter- 
ably contemptible), it must never be for- 
gotten that the sound sense and good 
judgment of the great majority of the 
laboring people can be relied upon to 
scorn the work of gossips, and render 
futile thfe efforts of the falsifier who would 
willingly wTeck every hope of labor’s 
future, that in the ruins they might find* 
some petty hate or malice gratified. — 
Labor News, 

The strike of the moulders in the United 
States Radiator Works, at Dunkirk, New 
York, which has been in progress for six 
weeks, was settled last week . The strikers 
secure their essential «lemands, including 
recognition of the union. 





United Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America. 

Published Monthly on the Fifteenth of each month 

Lippincott Buildings 46 N. Twelfth Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

P. J. McGUIRE, Editor and Publisher. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Philadelphia. Pa., as 
second-class matter. 

SUMCRIPTION Price:— F ifty cenU a year. In ad- 
vance, postpaid. 

Address ail letters and money to 

P. J. McGuire, 

Box 884, Philadelphia. Pa. 


Proceedings of the General Executive 

April 9th, 1900.— The G. E. B met iu regrular 
session at the general office on above date, at 8 
o’clock A. M. 

The G. S.-T. and G. P. laid before the Board 
communications showing that Unions Nos. 61, 
64, 640, 382, 408, 473 and 601) had withdrawn their 
delegates from the Manhattan District Council, 
no definite reason or legal cause being given. It 
was decided that the general officers should pro- 
ceed to New York, Wsit the unions named and 
pass on the matter at once. 

The G. S.-T. submitted copies of communica- 
tious regarding application for charter of U. B. 
by the New York Stair Builders’ Union. It w'as 
decide<l that a committee of the Stair Builders’ 
Union should be invited to appear before the G. 
E. B., when that body visited New York. 

The G. E. B. assembled at the Ashland House, 
New York city, at 6.30 P. M. and dispersed to 
visit the various local unions. 

April 10th. — T he Board carefully considered 
the local situation. Union No. 377, Alton, 111., 
not having complied with Question 8, of schedule 
of inquiries, their application was laid over, and 
the G. BC. B. advise postponement of their de- 
mands until conditions are more favorable. 

By appointment ,the Board received Brother 
John Findlay, of the Stair Builders relative to 
granting charter to that body. It was decided 
to issue charter to the Stair Builders of New 
York city and Brookl 5 rn subject to laws of the • 
U. B.;as per action of the G. E. B.. July 17, 1899. 
The Board adjourned to visit Unions No. 382 
and 340. 

April IItu.— The members of the G. E. B. 
assembled at 8 A. M., and proceeded to the Gen- 
eral Office at Philadelphia. 

The Board received John Bennett and Joseph 
B. Allen, representing Philadelphia B. T. C., sug- 
gesting plans for unification of the Building 
Trades of Philadelphia. 

April 12th. — After further consideration of 
the situation in New York, the G E. B orders 
said locals to comply with Section 47 (a) of 
Constitution prior to April 30th. Failure to com- 
ply with this order shall subject them to the 
penalty prescriljed in Section 63 of Constitution. 

A communication from the D. C. of Memphis 
along with copy of agreement submitted to the 
bosses association and all correspondence l>ear- 
iug on the m.atter in question, was read. 

The appeal of Michael Heckman against the 
decision of the G. P. in the of Heckman 
vs. the D. C. of New York, was sustained, and 
the G. BL B. direct that his appeal shall be heard. 

The appeal of L. U. No 381, against a decision 
of the Gen. Pres, in the case of Union No. 381 
against Union No% 639 was sustained, and the 
decision of the Gen. Pres, was reversed. 

The appeal of Earl Padgett against a decision 
of the Gen. Pres, iu the case of the U. C. of St. 
I,ouis versus John Brodbeck was rejected. The 
G. BJ. B. sustained the decision of the Gen. Pres. 

April 13tii.— The appeal of Union No. 1:18, 
Kansas City, Kan., against decision of the Gen. 

* Pres in the case of S. E. Sawyer versus Union 
No. 138 w’as laid over. 

The appeal of George Ullmer and others of 
Union No. 9, Buffalo, N. Y., agraiust a decision of 
the Gen. Pres, was rejected, and the decision of 
the Gen. Pres, sustained. 

The appeal of Union No. 122 against decision 
of the Gen. Pres, in the case of John M. Ross 
against Union No. 122 was rejected, and the 
decision of the Gen. Pres, was sustained. 

The Gen. Pres, submitted a report in reference 
to the difficulties exLsting in San B'rancisco, 
between the members of the U. B. and the Ship 

Builders’ Union. The G. E. B. decided to recom- 
mend to the coming convention the amendment 
of our laws, so that the difficulty may be over- 
come in the future. 

The quarterly audit of the books w-as com- 
menced and occupied the balance of session. 

April 14th. — The audit of the books was con- 

Correspondence from the D. C. of Newark, 
relative to the strike, was read, and it was de- 
cided that Brother Dane should visit Newark, 
with a view to obtaining a settlement of the 

Brothers Dane and Miller were instructed to 
visit Union No. 509 New York, by request of New 
York D. C. 

April 15th.— The application of the D. C. of 
Newark, N. J., for an appropriation was consid- 
ered. It was decided to^ appropriate |1,000 to aid 
that city. 

The audit of the books was continued for the 
balance of the morning session. 

A telegram was received from Union No. 349, 
Orange, N. J., asking for an appropriation of 
$500. The application was laid over, pending 
receipt of further information. 

The application of Unions No. 273 and 726, 
Yonkers, N. Y., for financial aid was granted. 
The G. E. B. appropriated the sum of $450 to the 
above unions. 

The application from the Borough of Bronx 
for an appropriation to support their members 
on strike iu Mount Vernon, was granted. The 
G. E. B. donated the sum of $500 for the benefit of 
the members on strike in Mount Vernon. 

The application of Union No. 174, Joliet, 111., 
for sanction and aid was refused. The G. E. B. 
decided that the conditions do not warrant them 
in giving sanction. 

The application of the D. C. of Galveston for 
official sanction and financial aid, was granted. 
Amount of aid to be determined later on. 

The application of Union No. 91, Racine, Wis., 
for sanction and aid, was refused The G. E. B. 
decided that conditions are not favorable for en- 
forcing the demands, 

The application of Union No. 276, Oklahoma 
City Okla., for sanction and aid was refused. The 
G. BL B. Ijelieve that the efforts of the Union 
should be directed towards more thorough organ- 

April 17th. — The application of Unions No. 
567 and 606, of Stapleton, S. I., for official sanc- 
tion and financial aid, was read. The G. E- B. 
sanctioned the movement, but do not guarantee 
financial aid. 

The application of Union No. 146, Schenectady, 
N. Y., was not acted upon, as the information 
given does not agree with the facts. 

The application of Union No. 161 for official 
sanction was granted, but the Board do not 
guarantee financial aid. 

The applications of Unions No. 554, Davenport, 
Iowa, and 166, Rock Island. 111., for official san- 
tiou and financial aid, were granted. The 
amount of financial aid to be determined later on. 

The application of the D. C. of Boston, Mass, 
for official sanction and financial aid, was laid 
over for more definite information. 

The applications of Unions Nos. 25() and 318, 
Savannah, Ga., for official sanction and financial 
aid, were rejected ; uiiious not having been 
organized a sufficient length of time. 

The application of Union No. 85, Shreveport, 
Da., for official sanction aud financial aid was 
considered. Inasmuch as their demands have 
been granted, the G. B^ B. did not deem it neces- 
sary’ to take any action. 

The applications of Unions Nos. 233 and 310, 
Binghamton, N. Y., for official sanction and 
financial aid, were granted. The amount of 
financial aid to be determined later on. 

The application of Union No. 23, Worcester, 
Mass., for official sanction and financial aid, was 
rejected, as the conditions do not seem to be 
favorable for making the movement. 

April 18th. — The application of Union No. 
2651, St. Albans, Vermont, for official sanction 
and financial aid, was rejected ; the application 
being incomplete aud their demands unreason- 

The G. E. B. unanimously decided to instruct 
the G. S.-T to issue a call to all local unions to 
vote on an assessment of 25 cents per member. 

The application of Union No. 189, Quincy, III., 
for official sanction and financial aid,* was 
granted. The amount of aid to be determined 
later on. 

The application of Union No. 55, Denver, Colo., 
for official sanction aud financial aid, was 
granted. The amount of financial aid to be 
determined later. 

The application of Union No. 18, Blamiltou, 
Out., for official sanction and financial aid, was 
g^ranted. The amount of financial aid to be 
determined later on. 

The applications of Unions Nos. 59 and 384, 
Saginaw, Mich., for official sanction and finan- 
cial aid, were grrnntcd. The amount of financial 
aid tobe determined later. 

The application of Union No. 81, Trenton, N. J., 
for official sanction and financial aid, was con- 
s44M’cd. The G, BL B. approve the movement, 
but do not promise financial aid. 

A communication and telegram was received 
by the Board from the D. C. of Chicago, giving a 
statement of the existing conditions there, and 
was duly answered. 

The papers iu the East St. Douis, 111., lock-out 
were taken up for consideration, but being 
incomplete, they were laid over for further infor- 

The application of Union No. 125, Utica, N. Y,, 
for strike pay for men who had been ordered on 
strike on account of an objectionable Superin- 
tendent, was rejected. 

Communication was received from Union No. 
340, New York, stating their reasons for with- 
drawing their delegate from Manhattan D. C. 
The Board decided to notify them of the action 
taken at a previous meeting, to return their 
delegate under penalty prescribed in Section 58. 

The application of Union No. 115, Bridgeport, 
Conn., for sanction and financial aid, was 
granted. The G. E. B., favors the movement 
and the matter of financial aid will be deter- 
mined later. 

Communications were read from the D. C. of 
Buffalo and the D. C. of Syracuse, relative to the 
adoption of a Union label for mill work. It was 
decided that the matter be referred to the next 

April 19th. — A communication from Union 
No. 473, New York City, giving notice of appeal 
to the next Convention against decision of the 
G. E. B., iu the Geo. Speyer case, was ordered 
placed on file. 

A communication from F. W. Kent, Chairman 
of the B. T. C., of Dincolu, Neb., a.sking for an 
appropriation of $50.00 for organizing purposes 
was read. The G. E. B., endorsed the reply of 
the G. S.-T., previously made. 

A communication was received from the D. C. 
of New York suggesting that a general assess- 
ment be levied on all members of the •organiza- 
tion, for the benefit of the members on strike in 
Chicago. The communication was ordered 
filed, as similar action had been taken at a 
previous meeting. 

The report of J. R. Miller, as delegate to the 
Wood Workers’ Convention was read. It was 
decided that the whole matter be referred to the 
next convention. 

A communication was read from J. T. Gorao, 
Honolulu, H. I., relative to the advisability of 
organizing a carpenters’ union there. It was 
decided to refer this matter to the next Conven- 

The application of Union No. 183, Peoria, 111., 
for official sanction and financial aid, was 
granted. The amount of financial aid to be 
detenu iued later on. 

A communication was received from the D.C. of 
St. Douis, asking for an appropriation to aid their 
members on strike. The G. E. B., decided that a 
donation of Two thousand dollars be made and 

A communication was received from Union 
No. 42, New Rochelle, N. Y., asking for an appro- 
priation to pay men on strike. The G. BL B , 
donated the sura of $200.00 

An application was received from Union No. 77, 
Portchester, N. Y. for official sanction and finan- 
cial aid. The G. B^ B., decided to lay the above 
application over pending further information. 

The East St. Douis matter laid over from the 
day previous was again taken up. The G. E. B. 
sanctions the movement, and the matter of 
financial ai<l will be considered later, after a 
Deputy has made a report on the matter. 

The application from ludianapolis, Ind., for 
official sanction and financial aid was taken up. 
Inasmuch as the matter had been satisfactorily 
settled, no action was taken by the G. E. B. 

The application of the D. C., of San Francisco, 
Cal., was taken up. Inasmuch as the matter 
had been satisfactorily settled, no action was 
taken by the G. E. B. 

Further communication was received in regard 
to the movement in Rock Island and Davenport. 
The G. BL B., decided to sanction the movement 
and the matter of giving financial aid will be 
determined later on. 

April 20th.— The application of Union No. 
2 . 553 , Fall River, Mass., for official sanction aud 
financial aid, was laid over for further infor- 

The application of the D. C., of Brooklyn, N.Y. 
for official sanction and financial aid, was 
granted. The amount of financial aid to be 
determined later on. 

The application of Union No. 490 for official 
sanction and financial aid was considered. The 
G. E- B., sanctioned the movement, but deferred 
action on the question of financial aid until 
further progress is made. 

The application of Union No. 161, Kenosha, 
Wis., for official sanction and financial aid, was 
rejected. The G. E. B. decided not to grant 
support nt the present time, until the demands 
be modified. 

At the commcticcmeut of the afternoon session, 
thcG. b; B ,geiit a telcgiam of inquiry to East 
St. Douis, m. 

A communication was received from Union 
No. 281, Indianapolis, Ind., stating that their 
movement had been entirely successful. 

The application of Union 308, Cedar Rapids, la. 
for official sanction and financial aid, was 

rejected ; that body not having been connect 
with the U. B., a sufficient length of time. 

The application of the Hudson County B- 
for official sanction and financial aid was cou 
sidered. From the information given it appes^ 
the demands have been practically gainc , 
therefore the G. E B , took no action io ^ 

The application of Union No. .325, Paterson, 
N. J., for official sanction and financial aid, 
granted. The amount of financial aid to 
determined later on. 

A communication and resolutions were 
ceived, signed by several unions in the State 
Iowa, requesting permission for all Unions 
the State of Iowa to retain capita tax for 

year, to be used for organizing purposes. 


G. E. B., decided that their request cannot DC 

April 21st. — The appeal of Union No. 507, 
against a decision of Ex.-Gen. Pres., WilH*^“^ 
was referred to Gen. Pres. Huber. 

The G. E. B., decided that the sum of 
hundred dollars be donated to a.ssist the lock 
out men iu East St. Douis, 111. 

The Board also donated the sum of Two 
dred dollars to assist the med on strike 10 
Orange, N. J. 

A donation of One hundred and fifty 
also was made to support the movement in Long 
Branch, N. J. 

A communication was read from Union 
278, Watertown, N. Y., asking for a decision on 
the question of making an agreement with 
bosses, to include a clause prohibiting 

hers of the Union from taking contracts. 


G. E. B. cannot prohibit members of the l 
union from taking contracts as it would he 
conflict with the Constitution of the Ü. B. 

A communication was received from 
No. 281, notifying the G. E. B., of the movenjen 
and suggesting that an appropriation he m« 
to them. The G. E. B., accepted the conin*^® 
cation, but decided that nt this time it is 
sihlc to comply with their request for an aPP 

The application of the D. C , of Cleveland, ^ 
official sanction and financial aid, was rejec ' 
with the advice that the movement be postpo® 
for the present. 

The application of Union No. 4, Kansas 
Mo., for official sanction and financial 
granted. The amount of financial aid to be « 
mined later on. jg 

Correspondence was read from Union No. ' 
Springfield, 111., relative to their endeavor 
obtain an agreement with the bosses. 

no schedule having been forwarded here, 


G. E. B , took no action iq the matter * 
IriLst that Union No. 16, will be successful iu ^ 

Bro. Cattcrmull left to attend a meeting 
Hazleton, Pa., on Saturday night. 

The application of Union No. 716, 

Ohio, for official sanction and financial nidi 
granted. The matter of financial aid can 
taken up and the amount determined 

The application of Union No. 11*3, 

Neb., for official sanction, was rejected, owiug 
discrepancies iu the application. 

The application of Union No. 5343, Wi»** 
Man., for official sanction and financial nid, 
rejected. The G. BL B., urges the importaucc^^^ 
more thorough organization and postpt’UCih 
of the movement to a later date than June ^ * 

A communication was received from L 
No. 7, Minneapolis. Minn., stating that a ^ 
factory settlement had l>ecn effected wit 
contractors of that cit}\ 

Notice öf appeal by the D. C., of 
from a decision of the G. P., iu the cases of ^ 
Knigand Josephs, was referred to the G. S.' 

The appeal of E. A. Burse, Union No. ^ ^ 
Batavia, N. Y., was considered. Tlie ö. ^ 
decided to sustain the decisions of the G. S* 

• cd 

April 23rd — C ommunication wn.s 
from the D. C., of New York requeftiug^ 
G. BL B., to endorse n movement, to go into 
on May 1st, for the abolition of all large to|J 
cabinet shops and all other shops, wh 
now funiished by the men, and have tlicein^ ^ ^ 
ers furnish the same instead. The G- 
decided that the movement is one in 
direction aud trust the D. C., will be succ 
in carrj’ing it out. , i^. 

A communication was read from BfO. 
Grimes, relative to the strike now on in 
No schedule having l>cen scut to this o 
G. E. B.,nrc unable to take any action 
matter ; but trust Union No. 114 may be 
fill iu their demands. 

A communication was received from Gc 
Kidd of the Amalgamated Wood 
live to a complaint of a menil)er of 
organization against the action of 
Union of the U. B., in Victor, Colo. * 
jeet was referred to the G. S.-T.. for in 


Apj)lication was sent in for the 
having the place of Convention change 
Scranton, Pa., to Chicago, 111., the ^*^***fj,^tlu**’ 
submitted to a general vote of the orga** -yiic 
according to Sec. 5 of the Coustituri^®, ^ 
inatter was referred to the G. S.-T., fu*” 

pose of obtaining further information ^ 

Unions making the applications. 


General Officers 

of the 

United Brotherhood of Car- 
penters and Joiners 
of America. 


^•Ppincott Building, 46 N. Twelfth Street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

qknekal president. 

D. HUBER, 95 Waverly St, Yonkers, N. Y. 

^ Qkneral secretary-treasurer. 

• J- McGuire. P. O. box 884. Philadelphia, Pa- 


William BAUER, a6io W. Polk St, Chicago III. 

J^ILLIAM a. ROSSLEY, 5 City View Avenue, 
'^Ofcester. Mass. 



General Executive Board. 

correspondence for the G. E. B. must be mailed; 
to the General Secretary-Treasurer.] 

James M. lane, 2635 Eighth Avenue, New York., 
J‘ R* miller, 2624 N. Taylor ave., St Louis, Mo. 
^ C. CATTERMULL, 10x3 W. 86th st, Sta. P... 


^^ED. C. WALZ, 247 Putnam st, Hartford, Conn. 
J- WILLIAMS, 170 Mills st., AtlanU, Ga. 

Cominunic.^tion was received from Bro. T. 
Otse, Chicago, 111., who was deputized to visit 
^ 111., ill tijg interest of the U. B. and inves- 


conditions in connection with the trade 
^ Cyenient under way in that city. The G. K. B. 
J^cided that olficial sanction and financial aid 
'«“aot be grant«!. 

^ telegram was receiv«! from Kansas City, 
oiit^* * that the union men in that city had gone 
g increase in wages, and asking for the 

^^*iction of the G. E. B. The Board decided that 
could take no action in the matter as the 
®Per schedule had not been filled out and for- 
*«^<^dthis office. 

jj..^^^^*’'*nunicatiou was received from the Dis- 




Secretary of the Amalgamated Society of 
that one of their men 
discriminated against by the meml>cra 
^ U. B. in the Cripple Creek District. The 
“'t was referred to the G. S.-T. for invcsliga- 

report of work done by the G. P. 
the months of January, February and 
^'ch was reviewed by the Board, and ordered 


II, ^®'*^8ram was read from Chicago, stating 
ijj situation was growing worse and appcal- 

of D* Austin against thedecis- 
o the Gen. Pres in the case of Austin versus 
• No. 41fi, was Considercil. The G. E. B. 

that the position taken by the G. P. is 
®od sustain the decision rendered by 


ijjgt ^ of drafting a Constitution, as per 

of the New York Convention was 
discussed, and a report made on 

^^*’'oiunication was received from the New- 
stating that a general strike had been 

B, asking for more money. The G. E. 

C. th ^PP^’ovc the action of the Newark IX 

tlecliue to make any further appro- 

report was made by ^the G. S.-T. 
Of Chicago situation and the result 

^ ^ visit to try and arrange a settlement. 
,j,^®”'’^anicatioii was received from Union 
Off jjj »Mating that the strike had been declared 

dem« successful in gaining their 


a of York, against 

of the G. P. in the cases of Cbns. 
C. ^ John Krug versus the New York D. 

decis^** ^®“*i<lercd. The G. E. B. sustains the 
Weei^!^** of the G. P. to the extent of paying one 
** pay to each of the brothers. 

P'<?di^a^ "horning session was occu- 

for^jj ^^^«'vingihe reports of the organizers 
ast three months. 

N. j f*'PP*ication of Union No. 155, Plainfield, 
^’^haid^*^ official sanction and financi&l aid was 
mept G. E. B. sanctions the movc- 

*** Ihc demands arc practically assured, 
A^Co uccessary to grant financial aid. 

st*'**'^** received from Union No. 

containing information rela- 
Th(. * conditions In that city, 
fot of Union No. 125, Utica, N. Y. 

^tapj^ ^ aanction and financial aid, was 
amount of aid to be detcnniiied 

read from L. U. No. 51, New York 
^ “K they had decided to comply with 

the order of the G. E. B. and return their dele- 
gate to the D. C. 

The application of Union No. Ill, Lawrence, 
Mass., for official sanction and financial aid, was 
granted. The amount of financial aid to be 
determined later on. 

The application of the D. C. of Atlanta, Ga., 
l>eiug incomplete, no action was taken on same. 

A communication was received from L. U. No. 
27, Toronto, Can. No schedule of inquiries have 
been received, the G. E. B. were unable to take 
action on their application. 

A communication was received from J. P. 
Grimes, stating that the carpenters in Houston, 
Tex., had been successful. 

An application was received from Union No. 
201), Danville, 111. The same being incomplete, 
no action was taken by the Board. 

The question of drafting a Constitution along 
the lines of the Initiative and Referendum, was 
discussed, and proposition submitted to the G. 
E. B. on the subject 

April 28th. — A communication was received 
from Union No. 91, Racine, Wis., giving addi- 
tional information as to their prospects in the 
movement on May 1st. 

A communication was received from Union No. 
488, stating they had decided to comply with the 
order of the G. E. B. and return their delegate to 
the D. C. 

A communication was received from Union 
No. 168, Rock Island, 111., stating that a victory 
had been gained by them and that most of their 
men had gone to work under the new conditions. 

An appeal was read from Union No. 257, St. 
Louis, Mo., against a decision of the G. S.-T. in 
the case of Union No. 257 versus Union No. 58, 
Chicago, 111. The decision of the G. S.-T. was 
reversed and the contention of Union No. 257 was 

A communication was received from Union No. 
IDS, Dallas, Tex., of their intention to inaugu- 
rate the eight-hour day on May Lst. 

The application of the D. C. of Cripple Creek, 
Colo., was again taken up. No further informa- 
tion having been received, the G. E. B. were 
unable to take any action on the application. 

The application of Union No. 225, Knoxville, 
Teun., for official sanction and financial aid, was 
granted. The amount of financial aid to be 
detcnniiied later on. 

Correspondence was read from Union No. 129, 
Montclair, N. J., relative to their demand for 
April 1st, which was acted on at last meeting of 
the Board. No other information being at hand, 
the G. E. B. presumes that the matter has l>ccn 
satisfactorily adjusted. 

The application of Union No. 274, Albany, 
N. Y., for official sanction to their movement on 
May 1st, was granted. 

The afternoon was occupied in reviewing the 
work done through the sessions and continua- 
tion of the quarterly audit. 

April 27th.— The G. E B. met at 8 o’clock and 
concluded the audit. 

A communication from Chicago was read, 

giving further information and making a further 
appeal for financial assistance. On motion a 
donation of $1,500 was made to Chicago. 

Following is a summary of receipts and expen- 
ditures for the quarter : 

Balance on hand January 1st $20,217 66 

Receipts January . . . 11,260 75 

“ F'cbruary 10,898 89 

“ March . 12,418 38 

$:M,825 68 


January $3,287 23 

February 10,989 59 

March 15,206 84 

■ $29,433 66 

Balance April 1st $25..302 02 

The G. E. B. adjourned at .8 o’clock p. m. to 
meet July 16th. 

Attest- * J. R. Miller, 

P. J. McGuire, Secretary, 

G. S.-T, 

Ljibor Ncw 5 of the World. 

To Labor. 

shall you complain who feed the world ? 
Who clothe the world ? 

Who house the world ? 

Shall you complnin who are the world? 

Of what the world may do ? 

As from this hour 
You use your power, 

The world must follow you. 

The world’s life hangs on your right hand, 
Your strong right hand, 

Your skilled right hand ; 

You hold Ihc whole world in your hand— 
Sec to it what you do ? 

Or dark or light, 

Or wToug or right, 

The world is made by you I 

Then rise as you ne’er rose before, 

Nor hoped before 
Nor dared before. 

And show, as ne’er was shown before. 

The power that lies in you I 
Stand all as one 
Till right Is done I 
Believe and dare and do I 

—Charlotte Perkins Stetson. 

During the year 1899, the American 
Federation of Labor increased 144,288 in 

The Master Plumbers, of Chester, Pa. , 
have Conceeded the nine-hour day at the 
same rate of wages paid for ten hours. 

The strike of 250 employes of the 
Reading Stove Works has been ad- 
justed and the men have returned to 

Six hundred boiler men and moulders 
struck at the Sterling Boiler Works, at 
Barberton, Ohio, for an increase of 15 
per cent. 

All the freight conductors and brake- 
men* on the Montana Central Railroad, 
Montana, went out as a protest against 
a new time schedule. 

A BILL has pa.ssed the House of the 
Ohio Legislature providing that the ser- 
vice of all labor on public works, whether 
contract or otherwise, be restricted to 
eight hours a day. 

Local Union 317, of Atlanta, Ga., has 
expelled A. Q. O’Neal, having been found 
guilty of violating section 163 of the con- 

Charles Weaver has been expelled 
from the organization by Local Union 406, 
Bethlehem, Pa., for violation of section 
122 of the constitution. 

Give the Union Man a Chance. 

Two 'hundred and thirty lives were 
lost in a mine explosion at Scofield, Utah, 
two weeks ago. The accident was the 
result of the lack of proper appliances 
and safe guards. 

• The officials of the «Pittsburg district 
coal companies and the Mine Workers’ 
Association have settled the wage dispute, 
the operators conceding the 20 per cent, 
increase demanded, effective from April 

■ » » >«<< 

The Soft Stone Cutters’ Union and the 
Granite Cutters’ Union, of Atlanta, Ga., 
both settled their differences with their 
employers last week, and the men re- 
turned to work. Each side made con- 

- »> » > w< 

During the twelve months just closed, 
the United Mine Workers of America 
have issued 308 charters to local unions, 
the greatest number ever issued in the 
same time by any body of federated 
workers in one craft. 

For every cent you spend in buying 
union goods you are giving the man who 
made that article a chance to make 
another at living wages, apd every cent 
you spend for goods that are made in 
sweat shops, or under any other unfair 
conditions, you are then helping to sup- 
port those who believe in industrial 
slavery. It behooves every union man to 
demand goods that are produced by 
organized labor ; it is also his duty to 
educate his family to purchase union- 
made goods of clerks. A man who is a 
member of labor organization and fails to 
perform his duty is not a good union man. 
He is not sincere and is not living up to 
his obligations . — Quincy Labor Nezvs. 

Donations From Local Unions to 
Locked -out Chicago Carpenters. 

Chicago, April 11, 1900. 

Brother McGuire; 

The following is a full list of amounts received 
from various unions in answer to our appeal for 
financial aid: 

Local Union No. 188, Milwaukee 
Dist. Council Milwaukee 

No. 200, New York . 
“ 291, Brooklyn 

Thf printers of Finland are engaged 
in a general strike. They demand the 
right to organize, better wages and sliorter 
hours of labor. They are said to be well 
prepared, as funds have been gathered 
for the struggle since last September. 

626, Galveston, Tex. . 
469, Aiken, S. C. . . . 
369, N. Tonawanda,N.Y. 
851, Northampton, Mass 
121, Bridgeton, N. J. . 
144, Macon, Ga. . . . 
866, La Salle, 111. . . 

176, Newport, R. I. . 
564, Jersey City Heights 
202, Pittsburg, Pa. . 

12, Brooklyn . . . 

164, Alleghany, Pa. 

507, Corona, N. Y. . 

Total $180 86 

Previously acknowleged . . 1,810 95 

SIO 00 
10 00 
25 00 
10 00 

24 86 
5 00 

15 00 
10 00 

2 50 
5 00 

3 00 
5 00 

10 00 
10 00 

25 00 
5 00 
5 00 

Switzerland is the scene of much 
commotion in the printing business at 
present. At Geneva, Lausanne, Aarau 
and Einsiedeln there are fights on. In 
the three first-named places the trouble 
arises from an effort to increase the price 
of hand composition and the introduction 
of scales for machines. At the last- 
named town the struggle is for the right 
to organize, fair wages, shorter hours of 
labor and reasonable conditions generally, 
and all employes — even apprentices and 
laborers — are involved. 

Grand total $2,000 81 

' Fraternally yours 

Thos. Neale, 

Secretary- Treasurer. 


Chicago, April4^th, 1900. 
Donations received since April 11th from vari- 
ous unions in support of men ; 

The strike of the granite cutters of 
Quincy, Mass, which began more than 
two months ago, when the manufacturers 
refused to grant a reduction in the hours 
of labor and the establishment of a mini- 
miuu rate of wages demanded by the 
Cutters’ Union, has ended in a compro- 
mise, and the agreement covers a period 
of five years. The manufacturers granted 
the demand for an eight-hour work-day; 
but agreed to an advance of only 14 per 
cent, on the bill of prices presented by 
the union. The tool sharpeners have 
been granted an eight-hour day. 

Local Union No. 214, Louisville, Ky. . 

" 31, Trenton, N. J. . . 

“ 56, New York .... 

“ 90, Evansville, Ind. . 

316, San Jose, Cal. . . 

“ 288, Philadelphia, Pa. 
" 465, Dunkirk, N. Y. . 

“ 193, N. Adams, Mass. 

“ 599, Hammond, Ind. . 

“ 24, Batavia, N. Y. . 

“ 874, Buffalo, N. Y. . . 

45)5, Streator, III. . . . 

" 391, Hoboken,. N. J. . 

*' 8, Wheeling, W. Va. 

** 2tÄ), Pittsburg, Pa. . . 

“ 267, Telluride, Col. . 

“ 785, Covington, Ky. . 

“ 280, Mount Olive, 111. 

** 622, Waco, Tex. . , . 

•* .360, Galesburg, III. . . 

** 162, San Mateo, Cal. . 

“ 799, New Haven, Conn 
** 271, Gadsden, .Ala. . 

$6 90 

5 00 
15 00 
25 00 
10 00 

6 00 
2 00 

10 00 
5 40 

5 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 

6 00 
10 00 

5 00 
5 00 

5 00 
10 00 
23 00 

6 00 
2 50 

Total $un) 80 

Grand Total to date $2,200 11 

Thos. Neale, 

Secretary- Treasurer^ 



This D^artment is open for criticism and 
correspon^nce from our readers on mechanical 
subjects in Carpentry, and ideas as to Craft 

Write on one side of the paper only. All 
articles should be signed. 

Matter for this Department must be iu this 
oflBce by the 25th of the month. 

Shoring a Brick Building. 

From F. B., Middleton, N. Y. 

There must be something wrong in B. 
S.’ statement or diagram. He would be 
a very silly foreman, indeed that would 
attempt to underpin his building with 
only tlie shoring as represented in the 
diagram he submits. Having had to do 

vided with either steel or pencil point. 
Upon the draft board the pa|)er for the 
pattern of face mold of rail may be tacked, 
or the plank for the section of rail may 
be fixed. The draft board is inclined to 
the pitch of stair and made stationary : 
then the arm carried around will describe 
the face mold for winding stairs circular 
on the plan and of uniform rise.** Patent 

Record 1859. It is better, however, to 
understand the geometry of the thing 
than to use a machine of this kind 
Some stairs are elliptical in plan, some 
have quarter sections, either circular or 
elliptical, which changes the direction of 
the falling mold, and in execution requir- 
ing a clear conception of the various 
curve lines which they contain. 

In some cases however, the machine 
may be used to advantage. 

A Puzzle. 

with this class of w^ork on several oc- 
casions, I have always adopted the 
course shown in Fig. 1 . by finst putting 
in needles about \2^' x 12''' as at A, about 
three or four feet apart, according to the 
nature of the wall, with upright pieces 
B, about 9" X 9" square, with counter 
hedges as shown to strain it up before 
the wall is displaced below the needle A. 
The brick wall being supported, is of 
course shown at O. This method if ad- 
dopted with whatever bracing may be 
necessary, will make the work perfectly 

For Roberts’ Relief. 

From L. W. S., Dunkirk. 

I .send a sketch which I think will 
relieve Robert L- V., of Duluth, (Fig. 2). 

From W. B. D., Germantown: 

A handsome house in the suburbs of 
Philadelphia, has an Oriel on one angle. 
The architect rubbing his hands with de- 
light says to a friend; I built that window. 
The next day the contractor explained to 
an admirer of the window, “ yes I built 
that window a year ago.** Shortly after- 
wards the pressed brick maker pointed 
out to a prospective customer, the window 
as one he had built; next the bricklayer 
in speaking this same oriel says, ‘*why 
of course I built it. ’ * The carpenter who 
made all the moulds, laid out the roof, 
made the sashes and frames, etc., does 
not seem to be in it. Now what I want 
to know is, who built that oriel window ? 

p'lG. 2. 

from his difl&culty. The method is so 
obvious that further explanation seems 

That Tracing Machine. 

From William B. W., Jersey City, N. J. 

I think likely the machine John W. K. 
of Winona, Wis., is after is one tliat 
appeared in carpentry many years ago, 
and which is patented. I submit a .sketch 
herewith, (Fig. 3) a description of which 
is appended. 

“A, is the base made of plank B, the 
inclined draft board hinged to base plank 
C is a standard with cap through which 
and the base a rod G is fixed. The rod 
carries the arm D, which moves freely 
up and down the rod, and at its extreme 
point a socket movable on the arm is pro- 

Molding Fence Posts on a Rock 

From Robert D., Detroit, Mich. 

I have a contract to put up a fence along 
a river front where there is only about 
6 to 10 inches of earth before rock is 
reached. The fence is to be put down 
solid, and I must either blast holes inj:he 
rock or fasten the posts down by some 
other expen.sive means. Can any brother 
“ chip ,* help me ? 

Can Any Brother Supply These. 

The Pike Mfg. Co., wants to buy a 
machine for cutting box boards out of 
slabs; also a machine for making small 
liardwood handles, dowles, skewers, etc. 

A Handy Helpmate. 

From Wm. F. M., Richmond, Va. 

I forward you herewith a .sketch of a 
real handy helpmate, which I have been 
using for many years, (Fig. 4) and which 

parallel to your pitch line. You will see 
by the sketch how to apply the mould* 

Plans and Specifications Wanted. 

I am sure will find favor in the eyes of 
many of your readers. The whole is a 
trestle, and the troughlike part may be 
used for a mitre box, or for a receptacle 
for saws, small tools, or for small pieces 
of work that are being planted, or a 
thou.sand and one things that have to be 
handled by the carpenter. If any fellow 
reader has any better device than this for 
the purjx)se I .should be glad to know 
of it. 

Hand Railing. 

From W. D., Philadhlphia. 

Replying to W. R., Denver, Col., who 
by the way does not make his query as 
clear as might be — I submit the following 
.solution : First draw your quarter (Fig. 

5) then add one step of straight. Draw 
your ground line in A, B, on top of 
quarter; set up one .step and a half C, D, 
the height you have to rise, then draw 
your diagonal line C, E, from C, sweep 
round to the ground line ; square up to 
the height of the step F, draw your 

From The Pike Mfg. Co. 

We are planing to build six to ten suial^ 
cheap, five or six-room cottages for 
employes. We would like to know where 
we can get hold of some suitable 
and .specifications for these. 

We are also planning to build a scboo 
house with two rooms. We think of ® 
one .story building with a basement ro 
which would be the closets and the heal* 
ing apparatus. We would like to got 
hold of plans and specification for 

If you will kindly give us what info|^ 
mation you can about getting this, or» 
you can put a suitable notice in your valö 
able paper, we will appreciate it. 

Ornamental Crosses. 

From Young Chip, Montreal, Canada. 

I .send you a few examples of ornaine*^ 
tal crosses, from among which J. Me. 
of Newburg, N. Y., may find wlmt 
wants, (P^ig, 6) if not, he can combine 
cliange to suit. 

Studding Joints, Sheathing, Etc* 

The method of W. McD., for estima‘®j 

on studding joints, etc., is correct, 

but I 

... . . 

see no advantage over the general ar^^ 
metical rule. If studs, joists, etc., 

2 feet centres, and a building is 120 ^ 
around it, then of 120 being ^ t 
amount required. It follows then ^ 
the same rule applies, when any P 
distance is required. 16 inch 
occupy ^ of the space, hence 120 divi ^ 
by ^ equal, thus % of 120 = 30, nn ^ 
times 30 =-90, the same result as W* Me 
and fully as short. . ^ 

In regard to error in estimating too 
(if it be an error) it is fortunately 
right side. Of course great care 
be taken not to over-estimate, but 
my experience that men oftener un 


dotted line D, F, to ground line. Sweep 
round from ground line till it intersects 
diagonal line at G. Draw line cutting 
H, square from tliat line until it cuts C. 
That is your chord line of base. From C. 
sweep round from D ; then draw your 
pitch chord line, then set your thickness 
of your plank, under pitch chord-line 0,1, 
then half the distance from O. to P, will 
be the drawn end of your mould, top and 
bottom side. You must draw your mould 

estimate than over-estimate, espec'^ 
studding, as there is always so 
and ends’, such as cripples, braces, 
outs, etc. Better to get left on 
tlian to get left afterwards and 
yourself and friends. 

I do not agree with H. S. P* 
Worth and T. P. Me., of Duluth i** 
to sheathing. If diagonal ^ 

properly put on it not only 
brace, but as a truss as well, and P** 






p’eat extent the setting and sagging 
adding in the centre, causing doors 

Windows to get out of plumb. 

but ^ - enough, 

is It as economical and strong as the 
plan submitted herewith ? It seems 

Chinese Slaves Sold in San 

There is being maintained in San 
Francisco a slave trade that in its audacity 
is perhaps without a parallel in the his- 

it will take more material and 
and does not tie a building as well 
^ l^hink the brothers of it ? 

M. B. H. 


^^eston, Texas. 

tory of the country, and in its profits to 
the members of the ring engaged in it is 
greater tlian any other that ever dis- 
graced an administration of official affairs 
in that city. 


Fig. 6. 

^ood-Working Machinery. 

No ^ . 

Of ^ ^^ider proof of the superior quality 

j^"^^®d-working machinery made by 
Co. of Nos. 406 to 426 W. 
Cincinnati, Ohio, could have 
them, than to liave liad the 
\ 0 request that they represent 

^(j States at the Exposition being 

this year. It is needless to 
going to do so, and in a 
calculated to uphold the pres- 
Oiy Nation for high-grade machin- 

^fy ^11 niade wood-working uiachiu- 
years been taking a firm hold 
^^iiufacturers of the world, and 
exhibit which will be made 
Company at the Paris Ex- 
»0 doubt, only tend to in- 
^ good opinions already enter- 
fliese products of American 


reasons of this firms’ great 
^ they have the happy faculty 

®dt what the trade demands, 
^ucing a machine to meet it. 

Not only are native sons of California 
being admitted through the Custom 
House in swarms, but native daughters 
are passing the barrier of Federal laws as 
well, to be sold as so much convertible 
merchandise. Not only are coolie mer- 
chants, students and tourists being landed 
at this port in violation of law, but mer- 
chants’ wives, women students and native 
born Chinese girls are passing into San 
Francisco to be sold by Chinese and white 
agents into slavery. 

In the slave market of San Francisco 
to-day the price of a Chinese chattel is 
^2,800, and the agents find much profit in 
dealing with their human merchandise at 
this price. While this is being done, it is 
said the agents of the Pacific Mail Steam- 
ship Company and the masters of Pacific 
mail steamships are violating Federal 
laws, landing upon the Pacific Mail dock 
hundreds of Chinese contrary to law, 
maintaining an Oriental boardinghouse, 
and reaping an illegitimate profit out of 
an illegal trade that amounts approxi- 
mately to many thousands of dollars a 


Black Diamond Files and Rasps 




Sees & Faber 

2008*2010 North Front Street, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Moulders, Bricklayers, Plasterers, Contractors, Plumbers, Carpenters, 
Cabinet and Pattern Makers, Loom Fixers and Machinists 


Sheet Gum, Packing, Gaskets, Gauge Glasses, Jenkin’s Valves and 
Discs, Pipe Stocks and Dies, Pipe Wrenches, Cutters, Vises, etc. 

Other Tools are very good Tools, but — 

“YANKEE” TOOLS are better. 


Slses : 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8. 10. 12 Inches. 


Slim blade, with finger turn, for light work. Sizes 2 3, 4. 6 inches. 


Drives screws in by pushing handle, or by ratchet movement. Made in three sizes. 


Drives or takes out screws by pushing on handle, or by ratchet movement. Can be used as 
rigid screw driver at any part of its length. 


For drilling metals and all kinds of woods. Chuck will hold drills 3-16 inch diameter or lest. 


For boring wood for setting screws, brads, nails, etc., can be used in hard or soft wood with- 
out splitting. Pushing on handle revolves drill Each drill has 8 drill 
points in magazine inside handle as shown in cut below 


Insist on “YANKEE” TOOLS 


DezcriptlTC Circulars will be senl free by M.<i.ufaclarera. 




Corresponding: Cuts for Rafters. 


N conversation with a friend re- 
cently, he said that while he 
understood framing the ordinary 
hip and valley roofs, it was 
not clear to him why 17 and 
the rise for a foot run of' the roof give 
the seat and plumb cuts for the hip or 
valley. Why not, he said, use 12 on one 
member of the square as a standard and 
its rise on the other for one foot run of 
the hip, just the same as we proceed for 
one foot run of the common rafter ? 

It gave the results. It passed at that 
and was only brought up incidently in 

Now, if our friend had just stopped and 
thought a minute, he would have seen 
that the seats of the common rafter and 
hip do not rest parallel with each other 
but depart at an angle of 45° as shown in 
Fig. 1. (That is, when the sides of the 
roof have the same pitch). 

Therefore 17 inches taken on the run 
of the hip is only equal to 12 inches when 
taken on that of the common rafter as 
shown by the dotted line from heel to 
heel of the two squares. 

The question, we dare say, is simple 
enough to the majority of the readers of 
this journal, but we thought it contained 
enough interest to justify an illustrated 
article on the subject. 

As simple as the question may seem 
our friend is not alone in the main point 

The rise, therefore, at this point must 
necessarily be the same for both rafters. 

Of course 12 could be used as a stand- 
ard instead of 17, but in that case the cor- 
responding rise would necessarily be less 
than that for a one foot run of the com- 
mon rafter, and our friend would at once 

in question. Tack of application. Like 
many others, he at some time liad been 
told that such and such figures give cer- 
tain results, but never took the time to 
study why it was so. 

find that he has a problem on his hands 
to figure out just what the rise should be, 
and then he will find that sixteen times 
out of seventeen that the rise will end in 
fractions. Fractions not to be found on 

any steel square, i, e. 17ths. The even 
figures in rise would only occur when 
the run or rise is divisible by 17. 

In Fig. 2 we show the rise for one foot 
of its run compared with the same for the 
common rafter. For example we show 
a 9-inch rise for the common rafter. 

Therefore, if the common rafter has a 
9 inch rise for one foot, for one inch it 
would have 9-12 inches rise, but for the 
hip it would only be 9-17 of an inch, and 
for 1 2 inches it would be 12 x 9-17=108-17 
or 6 6-17 inches rise to correspond with 
the rise for the common rafter, but since 

The Union Man. 

One who at all times is battling * 
noble cause, the right to live as an 
man should live in a free country* 
union man is honored and respecte 
ever)^ community. He is an advent® o 
law and order, demanding what is 
and denouncing what is wrong; 
times and always obeying the laws of 
country. A union man is free from can , 
hypocrisy and selfishness, and a firm ^ 
liever in organization, upholding ^ 

the length of the diagonal of one foot 
square is 17 inches (practically) it is much 
easier to take that number as a standard 
and the rise of the common rafter for a 
one foot run. 

In Fig. 3 we show the figures to use for 
the cuts of hip or valleys for 4, 5, 6, 8, 10 
and 12 sided buildings. 

The figures given are all standard 
except that for the rise, which changes 
for each pitch. 

The figures on the square to the right 
give, as near as can be liad, the angle that 
the seat of the hip rises with that of the 
common rafter. The squares to the left 
give the seat and plumb cuts. 

These squares also contain by scale and 
figures other cuts such as side cuts of 
jacks, miters, length of sides, rafters, 
diameters, etc. 

Nearly 3,500 employes of the St. 
Louis (Mo.), Transit Company struck 
last week, and there is scarcely a wheel 
moving on the entire system. The strike 
includes everybody — conductors, motor- 
men, wipers, cleaners, shipmen, barnmen 
and common laborers. The movement is 
for a reduction in the hours and an in- 
crease in wages. 


one, where one cannot always 
many.” A union man is a friend 
employer, and has his interCvSts an 
fare at heart, and strives as ä 
artisan to produce a satisfactory 
work in return for a fair day’s wage*^^ 
unreasonable demand is ever made 


employer. A skilled mechanic has a 

to expect and receive sufficient 
sation for his labor in order to clothe 

feed his family, and educate his chÜ ^ 

A union man never hesitates to 
laws and regulations of his union, ^ 
when an order is given to cease wo 
an establishment where the union s 
and privileges are encroached upo*^» 
walks forth a free citizen, cheered 
fellows, never to return until his den 
are complied with or the union 
him to return. A union man 
ceases to labor for the organization 

increases his wages and decreaseS^^^^ 
hours of labor, and protects hnn 
the selfish employer who lives in hi*^ 
accumulates wealth, and who won » 
no union was in existence, pay 
pittance to his employes who 
that w'ealth. A union man is g^^^ 
an expert at his trade, of good jndgi 
intelligent, an honored citizen; a fj'^^ 
in a free country, a man among m^n* 



Evolution of the Trades Union. 

f as history teaches, the very 
labor was in a most degraded and 
! condition. Indeed, there were but 
classes, bullies and slaves. And this 
^^Dditioii continued down to the Roman 
pire. Government and religion were 
to sell, torture, kill and crush 
labor at pi 


a this nation a thousand years before 
, J^ycurgus, the “ great law giver,” 

pleasure. The Spartans treated 
rers worse than any other nation. 



Siven the workers a kind of a social- 
constitution of the state kind in 
^ ^ch those on top were the bosses, just 
c state socialistic nation of Russia is 
top, and both produced multiplied 
^ for those ancient workers as well 
^ diose who live in Russia to-day. This 
its'^ ^ycurgus lasted 500 years. Under 
j ^P^rations the workers, both male and 
^^re flogged once a day for faults 
^öiitted. They were compelled to 
abject stooping postures, they were 
n fields in rags and often 

^ ccl by the mpst brutal bullies. Nor 
fils the worst. Every year and some- 
as often as three or four months the 
fill^ judges' of the nation, ful- 

their duty by ordering assassin- 
Us of the workers in order to give 
^ kreise to the ruling class of youths of 
>j. ^ ill the manly avenue of sport, 
describes this diabolical institu- 
: ‘‘The governors of the 

fj. ^I’dered the shrewdest of them 
time to disperse themselves 
^ country, provided only with dag- 
Ifie ®c>me necessary provisions. In 

they hid themselves and rested 
jj ^ most private places they could find: 
^0 H ^igfit they sallied out into the 
the killed all the helots (workers) 
da ^ meet with; nay, sometimes by 
y they fell upon them in the fields and 
th the ablest and strongest of 

j) 1 * During the famous and infamous 
^^eponnessean War which lasted 27 years 
Spartan ranks were so thinned that 



'Usauds of the workers were sent into 
anny where they fought most bravely. 
Sei ^ this, 2,000 were freed and 

temples of the gods, 
the last seen of those 2,000 brave 
in fighters; they were butchered 

424^^^^ fiiood. This occurred in the year 
Plato, it will be remembered 
ho workers only “half asoue.” Such 
thi^^^^ could not last forever and from 
brutality came the ancient trade 

^^Xhese trade unions were first organized 
^fic boldest and bravest of the 
. crs, who formed bands of robbers, 
cs and nomads. From these organi- 
^ctiscame the “ free laborers ” so called 
^^^^^mnt times. These free laborers 
time organized into trades. It 


^fic ancient trade unions from Tyre 
^^ilt Solomon’s Temple. They 

43^ Parthenon at Athens B. C. 

^fiese buildings are the most mag- 
V ^^^t ever built. The trade unions of 
^cnie, and Athens, were state insti- 
They elected their own “bosses” 
performed all the important work of 
They built the great temples 
. structed the famous roads, conducted 
^Asportation both by land and sea. 
^id^^ ^Aring the reign of Julius Caesar 
^ ^ by Cicero both of whom werearisto- 
^ni power of the ancient trade 

Alls Was destroyed. Claudius, how- 
With the help of Cataline fought 
for the unions. At this time, the 
ficcame somewhat political as the 
Of translation taken from the ruins 


Fisherman’s Union nominated 

As Rufus for member of the board 


international Gold Workers’ 
^tiou of the city of Pompeii 

demand for member of the Board of 
Works, Cuspus Pausa. Verna the home- 
born, with her pupils is all right, put Mrs, 
Capella to the front for a seat on the 
Board of Magistrates. ’ ’ 

The strikes which occurred in the ancient 
days were frequent and generally 
attended by bloodshed. It is recorded that 
from 130 to 70 B. C. the organized workers 
from Asia Minor to the Pillars of Her- 
cules made heroic efforts to place the politi- 
cal power in their own hands and abolish 
“ classes.” 

It was during this time that the great 
“ universal strike ” took place. 

Spartacus was the great labor leader of 
this time. And it is because of his stand 
for that class that so little is told of him. 
He was, however, one of the greatest mili- 
tary men of ancient times. He fought 
and won eleven battles in succession and 
met his death in the celebrated battle of 
Silannes B. C. 70. This war had lasted 
for four years and at last three Roman 
armies were sent against him. Just as the 
battle was to begin Spartacus’ charger was 
brought to him. With a stroke of his 
great sword he slew the great charger' 
and shouting to his men, “Victorious, I 
shall find horses in plenty among the 
enemy; defeated, I shall no longer want 
one,” he fell upon the Romans. Says 
Appian the historian: “ It was a fierce 

fight. Long after victory was hopeless 
Spartacus was traced by heaps of the slain 
who had fallen by his hand, and his body 
was lost completely in the awful carnage 
which closed that day of blood.” He 
was the last of the great ancient labor 

The unions of ancient Rome were pub- 
lic bodies employed by the cities and the 
nation. They existed in this form for 
600 years until Julius Caesar, for the first 
time in Rome, made laws against the 
unions. The slaves had no right to or- 
ganize. The trades were well organized. 
Even the tax-collectors (victigalii) were 
one of the large important unions. The 
teamsters and carriers unions were also 
most important. The agricultural union 
cultivated the fields. . It was these unions 
that had worked out a sort of of national 
co-operation or State Socialism. 

To illustrate: The grain received by 
the Tax-Collectors union was transported 
by the Carrier Union, to the city. There 
it was turned over to the United Millers ; 
from them it passed to the United Bakers 
Union and so on with all the products of 
the soil. The profit taken was not known. 
The aristocrat could hot be a boss unless 
he was a union worker, and so the modern 
monoply of to day could not exist in 
ancient Rome. 

The mines all belonged to the nation. 
The ore mined by the Miners’ Union was 
turned over to the Smelters’ Union and 
they in turn supplied the iron to the Iron 
Workers’ Union and so on. The reason 
Rome was able to conquer the world was 
not because she had greater generals, or 
braver men, but, simply because she 
possessed the best artisians all of which 
were organized into their respective 
trades. The Cobblers’ Union made the 
shoes, and even a Sutlers’ Union fed the 
Roman armies. The aristocracy of Rome 
were a bloodthirsty set. They made the 
poor slaves murder each other in the 
great amphitheatre just for amusement. 
Every great victory of the army or ban- 
quet or the death of a great man, or the 
birth of a child of the 400, was celebrated 
by gladiatorial butchery. Flaminius’ 
father died in 175 B. C., and had 73 gladi- 
ators slain in honor of his deceased par- 
ent. Trojan was the giant brute. He 
gave an exhibition of this murderous pas- 
time which lasted four months, and ten 
thousand workers killed each other. On 
one occasion, when fowl for the wild 
beasts was scarce, Caligala fed the wild 
animals with the live bodies of men, 

women and children. At other times 
the workers were forced to fight lions, 
tigers and serpents and so on. There was 
even a God-Smiths Union employed to 
make toy gods, sacred trinklets, etc. 

While the Roman capitalist had his 
thousands of slaves, so does the modern 
capitalist have his thousands of “hands.” 
The old world was in two camps, likewise 
the modern world is in two camps. There 
were and there is the rich nation and the 
poor nation, and between the two there 
are and can be no community of interests 
nor sympathy. 

In this age however, we have in our 
possession the weapon of civilization — 
the ballot — and rightly used this gener- 
ation will free itself. 

“ We toil, we toil, but 
we enter not in. 

Like the tribes of the desert 
devoured in their sin.: 

From the land of Promise 
we fade and die. 

Ere its verdure gleams forth 
on our wearied eye.” 

It must seem strange to us here in Amer- 
ica to be told that the French working 
class were breaking the laws of the nation 
by organizing a trades union prior to 
I884, but such is the fact. And even 
now there are some laws against trades 

From 1880 down to the present time, 
the wage workers of France have been 
very active in the support of trade unions 
and trades unions legislative demands. 
At present there are 2,200 unions with a 
membership of about 410,000. In the 
cities there are central bodies called 
“Bourses du Travail,” which translated 
into English means Labor Exchanges. 
Many of them provide a building for 
these trades union homes and also give 
money to help pay their running ex- 
penses. The Bourses du Travail of the 
city of Paris is the finest labor temple in 
the world. It cost $300,000, The city 
furnishes stationery, supplies the bath- 
rooms with soap, towels, etc., and appro- 
priates several thousand dollars annually 
for the printing of labor documents. 

The French Railway Union is organized 
on somewhat similar lines to our Ameri- 
can Railway Unions. It has at present 
nearly 100,000 members and is tlie most 

In 1896 there were 476 trades union 
strikes, of which 237 were failures. 
Many labor disputes are settled by arbi- 
tration. The Prud-Hommes is the official 
name of the arbitration council. This 
institution was founded by Napoleon 100 
years ago. The council disposes of thou- 
vsands of cases by arbitration every year, 
saving the unions many a costly strike. 

In no country in the world are the 
trade unions so strong as in Great Britain. 

One year ago there w’ere a total of 1 ,330 
trades union societies and 12,807 local 
unions with a total membership of 1 ,487- 
562, Some 1 10,000 women belong to 
tlie unions. One of the best organized 
industries is the textile industry. In fact, 
37 per cent, of the textile workers in 
Great Britain are organized. 

There are in round numbers 7,000,000 
men in the nation who are counted as 
manual workers and one out of five of 
this number are organized. This of course 
is the average. The agricultural laborers 
are most wholly unorganized, on the 
other hand, in such industries as mining, 
shipliMÜding, textile, etc., the proportion 
in some cases is over 50 per cent. 

The three largest unions are the en- 
gineers, '301,506 members; miners, 284,- 
806 members, and the Textile Union with 
212,491. Nearly all the trade unions 
have sick, death, unemployed, relief and 
accident benefits, and pay out for these 
more than $5,000,000 annually. The 

unions have “ cash on hand ” at present 
of nearly nine million dollars. 

Because the English workers are so 
well organized is largely due to the fact 
that they received 1 1 per cent, more of 
their product than the workers of our own 

The trades unions have a large represen- 
tation in the various legislative bodies 
and have sent several of thein members 
to Parliament. 

Every strike, every boycott, is a pro- 
test against injustice. Every strike fos- 
ters the spirit of independence and man- 
hood and is a defense of the rights of the 

There is need of organized labor so 
, long as a thousand crimes are perpetrated 
upon labor, as long as child labor pre- 
vails, as long as there are robbers and 
robbed, as long as poverty shall be the 
lot of the toiler. There will be no need 
of organized labor when that times comes 
when labor shall receive the full fruits of 
labor’s toil. 

So long as we liave a system that gives 
to those who do the least and to these 
who do the most the least, there will be 
need of organized labor. So long as the 
robber wage system is in existence we 
shall need organization to do battle 
against this, the greatest robber of all 

When labor has obtained all its rights; 
when labor can enjoy art, literature and 
music; when labor can dwell in a splendid 
house; when starvation has been abolished 
from every land; when the hut and hovel 
have disappeared forever and labor has 
been crowned in all its right, then, and 
not until then, may we talk about dis- 
pensing with organized labor. 

Already we can catch a glimpse of the 
dawni beyond the clowds of tliat coming 
day when labor shall be free. — G, R. 
Gordon y in Appeal to Reason, 

Officers of Labor Unions Much 
Abused Men. 

The most abused man in the ranks of 
organized labor is he who tries to better 
the condition of his fellow-workers. It 
does not matter how sincere he is, or 
whether he is paid for the time he loses ; 
and it is often the case that the man who 
does the most work in this line is the less 
thanked, not to say paid. Employers 
call him an agitator, and assert if it were 
not for him they could hire cheaper help. 
Employers do not stop to think that the 
poorest paid people in the land to-day are 
the officers of labor organizations. If 
some of them had to do the work gratis 
that is performed by good and true union 
men they would throw up their hands in 
holy horror ; the conservative labor agita- 
tor is a benefactor. It is through his 
efforts that fair wages and short hours are 
granted ; it is he who fights the battles of 
his many followers, and it is he who is 
first discliarged when the occasion re- 
quires a laying off or a reduction of ex- 
penses. He is a bold, bad man — in the 
eyes of the employer. And yet this same 
agitator may have a large family to sup- 
port, and the time he loses is his own 
loss. A labor organization without an 
agitator might as well not exist. The 
men who stump the corridors of the leg- 
islative halls looking after labor legisla- 
tion are also dubbed agitators. What 
should you call the well paid lawyers who 
look after the interests of corporations 
around the Capitol ? They are not agita- 
tors. Oh, no ! They must be called 
legal gentleman. It is only the man wdio 
has the courage to voice the sentiments 
of the oppressed toiler that is an agitator 
— The Stationary F'iremen's Journal. 

Section men on the Tiffin division of 
the Big Four, at Tiffin, Ohio, struck for 
$1.25 a day, which the company refused. 



Sees Grave Danger in a Larger Army. 

“ The Crisis of 1900” was the subject 
of an address delivered recently in Indus- 
trial Hall, Philadelphia, by Henry George, 
Jr., before the club bearing his name. 
The seating capacity of the hall was taxed 
to the utmost, and those present mani- 
fested their appreciation of his effort. 

The spdhker was severe in his condem- 
nation of trusts, monopolies and special 
privileges growing out of government fa- 
vor, augmenting out of all reason the for- 
tunes of the few to the detriment of the 
many. He believed it to be a serious 
menace to the republic when a few men 
can dominate affairs, which seems to be 
the inevitable outcome of existing condi- 

” Before the Senate of the United States 
to-day,” said Mr. George, “is a bill au- 
thorizing a standing army of 100,000 men. 
This is out of all proportion to the needs 
of the country, and these soldiers will not 
be used against foreign enemies nor will 
they be required to take the field against 
the Indians. No such necessity will arise, 
but labor troubles are apt to occur at any 
time, and in such an event the United 
States army will be required to suppress 
the so-called insurrection. 

“ These soldiers are trained to carryout 
the orders of their officers, and they will 
do it conscientiously and pitilessly even 
though they are told to .shoot down men 
who are struggling to get living wages. 

” Recently,” continued the speaker, 

‘ ‘ we had the spectacle of a Supreme 
Court Judge issuing an order by which 
union leaders were forbidden not only to 
interfere with employes, but also assist 
them in their fight against their employ- 
ers. In this decision establishing .so re- 
markable a precedent, unions are re 
strained from paying or promising to pay 
any former employe money with which 
to continue organized and concentrated 
action. This is supposed to be a free 
country, but what shall become of the 
family of the laboring man if he be ab- 
solutely in the power of an employer with 
practically no redress ? He is helpless ?” 

Patronize Home Workmen. 

During the past few^ years a number of 
outside contractors have come to Rat 
Portage in the spring and secured good 
contracts and made money only to leave 
in the fall wdth the proceeds. They 
spend only enough for living expenses and 
have very often beet\ the means of taking 
jobs from men who live here all the year 
round and spend their money in the 
town. The local contractors should have 
the preference every time, even if the 
price is a little more, for they have their 
reputation to keep up, and are hereby 
bound to do good work, and it will ulti- 
mately pay the man who secures their 

At a recent meeting of the Carpenters’ 
and Joiners’ Union No. 255, the following 
resolution was pas.sed. It speaks for 
itself and we trust it will have the desired 
effect. At a recent meeting of Local 
Union 255, it was moved by M. W. 
Sleighthohn and seconded by J. J. Hart, 

WhkrkaS, It has been found during 
the last few years that a number of con- 
tractors came into Rat Par tage from eastern 
towns remaining only for the summers’ 
work, and not having any interest here 
outside of making all they can out of the 
town, but each carrying away any- 
where between $500 to $5,000 which 
should be left in the town and distributed 
among the local contractors. Be it 
Resolved, That we the Carpenters’ and 
Joiners’ Union No 255. the people 
of Rat Portage not to patronize any who 
are not permanent residents of this place, 
but to give their work to local contractors 
and tliereby encourage home industry 

A Scab. 

There is no word in ‘the English lan- 
guage that carries so much of hatred, 
scorn, loathing and contempt as the word 
“scab.” Once branded and a man is 
marked for life. There is no escape. 
It is infinitely worse than the brand that 
was placed upon Cain. It goes with a 
man everywhere. It shadows his every 
footstep. It never downs, and no won- 
der, for it is a synonym of all that is mean, 
contemptible and unmanly. It desig- 
nates the loss of dignity, honor, principle 
and manhood. It signifies that it is im- 
possible for its owner to descend to lower 
depths. He has tried to undermine men 
who are battling for the bread and butter 
of their wives and children. He has 
sought to defeat his fellows and rivet the 
chains of oppres.sion around them. Judas 
Iscariot or Benedict Arnold would never 
have sunk so- low. The criminal from the 
penitentiary may, to some degree, re- 
habilitate his character, but the ” scab ” 
is an eternal fixture, a living monument 
of self inflicted shame, a reproach to 
honest men, a something that bears the 
outward semblance of a man, but from 
whom the dignity of manhood has de- 
parted forever. As men shun the leper 
for fear of physical contamination, so 
they shun the ” scab ” for fear of moral 
contamination. When a man has de- 
scended so low as to deserve this vile 
title, it is as eternal as though graven on 
marble tablets or plates of brass. It never 
deserts him. It even de.scends with him 
to the grave, and accursed is his memory. 
— Exchange, 

Alarming Influx of Japanese Cheap 

A special agent of the Treasury Depart- 
ment has gone to San Francisco to in- 
vestigate the influx of Japanese labor. 
According to advices received at the 
Bureau olF Immigration, more than thirty 
thousand Japanese have been brought into 
the country under contract during the 
last six months, and no less than twenty- 
five thousand more are under agreement 
to come within the next four months. 

” The Japanese laborers now being 
brought in by the way of the coast ports 
are all under contract,” said the special 
agent mentioned, before he started on his 
journey. “ A padrone who has his head- 
quarters at Tacoma is the one who brings 
them here. He can give the far-famed 
Italian padrones cards and spades and 
beat them out with ease. He has agents 
in every city and town on the coast and 
along the border. He has other agents 
in Japan who gather up the hundreds and 
thousands of poor fellows over there and 
make them sign agreements to work for 
this Tacoma slave driver. 

” Before they are shipped to this coun- 
try every Japanese is put through a 
thorough lesson and given thirty dollars 
in cash in order to pass through the im- 
migration official’s examination that they 
are booked for when they arrive on this 
side. Most of the men now being shipped 
here come to work along the Great North- 
ern Railway. The railroad company pays 
$1 .25 a day for the men. Out of this sum 
the padrone takes a quarter — or, to be 
more explicit, he takes fifteen cents as 
his commission from the company and 
ten cents as his commission from the 

” The lalxjrers work on blindly at a 
dollar a day and are glad to get th«job. 
Every Japanese that comes in throws just 
that number of Americans out of work 
or prevents them from securing it.” 

A FORCE of girls employed in the 
laundry of the Stanley Shirt Factory, at 
Trenton, N. J., liave struck because their 
pay was cut in half. 

The Trials of London Shop Girls. 

Not since “Tom” Hood wrote his 
‘ ‘ Song of a Shirt ’ ’ has London been so 
stirred up by the woes and disadvantages 
of shop-girls. The crusade against the 
inhuman conditions that affect the lives 
of these helpless toilers, is gaining mo- 
mentum every day. The agitation is 
chiefly confined to the amelioration of the 
conditions that touch the girls in the 
more remote districts of this vast metrop- 
olis. J. A. Stacy, Secretary of the early 
Closing Association, states that great 
good has already been accomplished. The 
prospects of the association are bright. 
It is understood that the more flagrant 
evils in connection with the employment 
of girls will be abolished. 

Mr. Stacy said : “In thousands of 

cuvses girls employed in the stores and 
shops of the poorer districts of the city 
are subjected to hardships that are repug- 
nant to those who long to see the better 
development of the human race. 

“During the critical period of their 
lives when the growing frame demands 
• rest and leisure, they are forced to stand 
from nine in the morning till ten at night 
without recreation of any description. 
They are not allowed a Saturday half holi- 
day. It is customary in the large west- 
end stores to keep the female employes 
tied to their task in crowded rooms, 
breathing an unwholesome atmo.spher«, 
from early morning till midnight with- 
out even the small comfort of a seat. 

“ An act of Parliament dealing with 
these abuses is being gradually enforced 
to the great relief of tired and oppressed 

We are doing all we can to compel 
better conditions. We are anxious to get 
the employers to provide better ventil- 
ation and improved sanitary conditions. 
Many of the leading men of the empire 
are beginning to see the importance of 
such an undertaking, and they are 
earnestly co-operating in the good work. 

Work Wanted. 

The London police authorities have 
made the significant announcement that 
since the beginning of the African war 
there has been a great decrease in crimes 
of a petty nature, owing to the fact that 
the perpetrators of these offences, mainly 
men out of w'ork and thus forced to steal, 
had gone into the army, and were, there- 
fore, temporarily removed from want. 
Therefore it was bread and not patriotism 
that swelled the ranks of the volunteers 
for South Africa, and it argues ill for 
philanthropic efforts that men are forced 
into the business of killing their fellows they cannot find honest employ- 
ment. The world will be out of joint so 
long as any considerable portion of men 
are debared from the natural right to earn 
their bread in the sweat of their brows. 

Humanitarians who come into close 
relation with all conditions of men are 
impressed by the fact that the natural in- 
stincts of the majority of mankind are 
honest, and that a great deal of crime is 
justly chargeable to the fact that men are 
not given the chance to work out their 
destiny honestly. The pinch of poverty 
and the inability to reach a secure footing 
drive men into sharp practices and into 
absolute dishonesty, crime and deceit, 
rather tlian any natural instincts of de- 
pravity. It w’ould seem, therefore, that 
our philanthropy, as magnificent and as 
generous as it has come to be in these 
latter times, falls far short of reaching its 
purjK)se when it cannot provide willing 
hands with work. With .so many thou- 
sands of miles of the earth unjx>pulated 
and uncultivated, there .should be work 
and bread for all, according to the divine 
plan, and when this plan fails it must be 
charged to human failure to carry on the 
affairs of life in a natural way. 

A century ago Mai thus was move J 
the misery on the continent of 
ari.sing, as he thought, from over-pop 
tion, to inculcate his doctrine of 
necessity of the prudential check of 1 
population. He found that, uncheck^ j 
the population increased in a geome 
ratio, while the increase in the fo<^ 
ply was only in an arithmetical 
that therefore it was only a question ^ 
time when the whole world would 
the starvation point. 

. • +116 

In the century .since his time u 
tions of Europe have grown in 
tion as well as in comfort, while n 
worlds have become populated and p 
perous, but the great fact remains 
our day the primal curse has become 

the avei^g^ 

primal bles.sing, and that 




man desires nothing so much 
opportunity to labor. It is not 
population so much as inadequate 
unjust distribution that shuts ß 

labor ill the face of brawn. 



The strike of the brewery engiueets ^ 
Boston, Mass., has been declared off- ^ 
compromise agreement has been accep 
whereby the engineers will work 


at the 


hours a day instead of ten hours 
same wages. The demand was f^r 
eight hour day with a minimum of JPr 

Trekking I 



Trekking ! trekking- ! treaking ! will nev^^ 
trekk be done ? 

Will never the rest, will never the home 1)^ 
and forever won ? r r 

Are we only as beasts of the jungle afloat 
fleeting prey— 

With a lair in the bush at midnight"^ 
veldt, a trackless way ? 

Ever the word is “onward” — ever ouf 
train goes 

Deeper and deeper northward beyond i“ 
of our foes — 

Deeper and deeper northward our fathers 
before — 

But the door of the veldt is closed— is 

Where can we trekk to more? 

Trekking ! trekking ! trekking I tliiu^ V® 
love not our home ? 

Think you my father prized not the farm 

yellow loam ? juef 

And mother — I see her weeping beside my 
tall, ^ 

Turning and gazing northward beyo 

mountain tall. m s 

The cattle they seem to be standing ' 

brute despair j 

With a longing look at the pastures— 

the trekk in the air I ^ fliC 

Even old Yok seems broken — he turns fr®^’ 
tempting bone— 

I .see him there in the corner manlike, m 
alone ! 

Trekking! trekking I trekking! through 
Zululand we go, 

The midnight tiger stalking us, and 

savage foe,- „-dco«*" 

Before — the savage foe to meet, the * 

foe behind — ^ je&f 

What have we done to be blown about lil^^ 
upon the wind? 

Ah, over the Vaal we shall find our peace-' 
the rushing Vaal — , 

The IvOrd has led us to rest at last— l^b*^ 
followed His call; , 

The laud He promised is ours to keep-^' 

forever to keep— s 

Piet, what noise is that in the fold— thi>^^ 
wolf at the sheep ? 

Trekking ! trekking ! trekking ! we have 



till our tall strong men 
Have sworn an oath by our father’s 

shall never treek again I . 

The doors of the northward veldt are close 
dooi-s of our Heart are strong — 

They shall open their lock to the brother^ 

— but not to the threat of wrong 1 Ji« 

There is the gun your father bore " 

climbed Majuba’s hill— , thet**- 

•Tis yours, Piet, to bear it now with yo»*' 
faith and will — 

For the land is ours— the land is ours- 

land was won— go 

You go at the dawn, you say my son ? 
at the dawn, mv sou 1 

John Jerome Rooney- 

.-if ever o 





)^^ertions under this head cost ten cents a line.) 

IvOCAL Union No. 657, Sheboygan, Wis. 

Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God, in 
infinite wisdom and love, to remove from 
®mong ns our beloved brother, Leonard Ram- 
; and 

^^®hkas. The members of this Union feel 
® loss of a faithful brother and an earnest 
''worker , therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we drape our charter for thirty 
that we express our sincere sympathy 
^ family of our deceased brother. 

^^solved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
spread upon the minutes of this Union ; that a 
be presented to the bereaved family 
published in the daily papers ; also that 
be published in our official organ, The 


Chas. Guehlstorf, I Committee. 
Arthur Schuetz. 1 

I^Ecknt statistics show that not less 
100,000 pensons in the city of New 
^ork are either partly or entirely sup- 
j^rted by private or public charity, 
fhese figures .stand for one person in 
^^y of the entire population. The ratio 
increase of these paupers is greater 
^^an that of the population. 

Rules Regarding Apprentices. 

^ ^ the Detroit Convention of the United Broth- 
ood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, 
tio^ 0-11, the following rules in rcla- 

Un^ apprentices were approved, and the I.ocal 
^H8 are urged to secure their enforcement: 

^ i^freas^ The rapid influx of unskilled and in- 
of men in the carj>enter trade has had 

years, a very depre.ssing and injurious 
'n>oii the mechanics in the, and 
a tendency to degrade the standard of skill 
be^ encouragement to young men to 

apprentices and to master the trade 
^j^^^^aghly; therefore, in the best interests of 


^^aft. we declare ourselves in favor of the 
Owing rules : 

Section 1, The indenturing of apprentices is 

..... . ..t. 

- best 
Which i 

means calculated to give that efficiency 
aud * desirable a carpenter should possess, 
^ also to give the necessary guarantee to the 
f^jr^^^yors that some return will be made to them 
^*"oper effort to turn out competent work- 
^iid ' ^^^^oforc, we direct that all I,ocal Unions 
In jurisdiction shall use every possible 

wherever practical, to introduce the sys- 
^ of indenturing apprentices. 

2. Any boy or person hereafter engaging 
fo learn the trade of carpentry, shall be 
to serve a regular apprenticeship of 
^®^^*ocutive years, and shall not be consid- 
thi •^^arneyman unless he has complied wdth 
Co and is twenty-one years of age at the 

Pletion of his apprenticeship. 

All boys tntcring the car]>enLer trade 


^>c h* fiiteution of learning the business shall 
t.... ^ ^y agreement, indenture or written con 
mr a term of four years. 

aif ^^^mn a boy shall have contracted with 
si^^^l^^^^oyer to serve a certain term of years, he 
Plo * ”” pretense whatever, leave said em- 

fuif^* and contract with another, without the 
free consent of said first employer, 

J consequence of the death or reliuquish- 

is just cause or that such change is 
’aont ^^a^'^cquence of the death or 
Pj.^^ ^n.siness by the first employer; any ap- 
»0 leaving shall not l>e permitted to 
in the juri.sdiction of any I.ocal Union 

^h'otherhood, but shall be required to 
employer and sen-^e out his appren- 

enjoined upon each I.ocal Union 
Pre *^^f»Hlations limiting the number of ap- 
to he enqjloycd in each shop or mill to 
such number of journeymen as may 
^ them just; and all Unions are recom- 
to admit to membership, apprentices in 
of their aiiprenticeship, to the end 
Pj. ’ ^hon the expiration of their terms of np- 
the ‘"-''‘«hip they may become acquainted with 
to of thc Un'm.and be better fitted 

^teciate its i)rivileg,*a and obligations upon 
^utRir — 

full membership. 


451. Bessemer — G. M. Clotfelter, Brighton. 

75. Birmingham — K. E. Fri.selle, 1501 4th ave. 
4*22. North Birmingham — W. S. Cooper. 

271. Gadsden — T. F. Marlow. 

21M). Ensley— W'. B. Smith. 

812. Montgomery— C. J. Taschal, 3^4 Cleveland 

35;!. “ — (Col.) E. M. Ivcwis, 810 Jefferson. 

80. Mobile — W. Walker, 150 Chatham st. 

1)2. “ —(Col.) W. G.T.ewis.751 St. Louis st. 

508. PiiENix — Z. T. Gradly, 1211 18th .st. 

410. Selma — (Col.)C. D. Haygood ,525 Lawrence. 
472. “ Geo. W. W’alker, 1152 Division st. 


86. Fort Smith- T. C. Gardner. 

530. Little Rock — E. T. Etzbach, 1120 Com- 
merce st. 

366. Mena — O. D. Henley. 

576. Pine Bluff— D. C. Shumpert. 


194. Alameda — C. H. Thrane, 2975 Johnson ave. 
332. Los Angeles— F'. C. Wheeler, Box 28.3. 

426. “ — Geo. E. Brewer. 807 E. 21st. 

36. Oakland — Charles I. Jacobs, 1767 Grove st. 
550. “ —(Mill) H. Armstrong, 928 55th st. 

2515. Riverside — Charles Hamilton, 519 9th st. 
586. Sacramento — C. C. Hall, 1317 Q st. 

San F'rancisco — Secretary Dist. Council, 
Heniy Meyer, 122 Gates. 
22. “ N.L.Waudell,ll5PJ!!l^ Mission st,Sta.B. 

95. “ (Latin) L. Masarie, 44^ Erie st. 

:{()). “ (Ger.) Chas. Goldbeck, 35:5 12th .st. 

4251. “ (Mill) J. G. F'allon, 5P31 Duncan st. 

4.S51. “ Guy Lathrop, 9151^ Market st. 

616. “ (Stair) J. P. Harkins, 72J.jj Natomia st- 

316. San Jose— AV. Reinhold, 8th and Empire st. 
Ki2. San Mateo— W. Hewyke. 

515. San Rafael — I.,. Johansen, Box 194. 

180. Vallejo — I. Christianson, 573 Kentucky st. 


498. Brantford, Ont.— J. H. Ness, 180 Park av* 
614. F'ernie, B. C. — Thos. B. McHmoyle. 

529. Greenwood, B. C.— A. W. McLeod. 

8.3. Halifax, N. S. — Geo. Browne, 12 Willow 
18. Hamilton — W. J. Frid, 25 Nelson st. 

249. Kingston, Ont. — L C. Robinson, 5175 Bagot. 
1514. Montreal — (Fr.) F^ iMcchette, 17516 St. 


.524. Nelson, B. C.— Jas. Collins. 

25i">. Rat Portage, Ont.— F\ Mercier. 

88. Sr. Catherines— Jas. Hindson, Henry st. 
51,0. {Stratford, Ont. — J. McClaity. 

220. St. 'I'hom as, Ont, — P. A. Cumpbell,Box 761. 
27. Toronto — D. I). McNeill, 188 Hamburg ave. 
617, Vancouver, B. C. — H. S. F'alconer, Bo.x 2511. 
6.5 1. Water loo— Jacob Fenner, Berlin. 

843. WiNNii’EG, Man. — ^J. J. Moore, 6516 McDer- 
mott ave. 


2IH; Boui.DKR— J. C. Jetmorc, IDM Water st. 

489. Canon City — C 4. C. Uawley, JUS. 10th st. 
417. Colorado City — F. F^ Seward, Bo.x 35. 

515. Colorado Spri.ngs — D. R. Blood, 17 W. 

F’ountain st. 

Cripple Creek— Sec. of Dist. Council, 
T. W. Reid, Box 5, Independence, 

517. Cripple Crp:ek — W. W, IvOvctt, Box .364. 

55. Denver — D. M. Woods^ 1451 Curtis st. 

475. I'T.orence — R. F^ Higgins. 

214. Grand Junction — F. M. Diehl. 

178. I.N dependence — T. W. Reid. P. O. Box 5. 
496. Le.\dville — I). Nunn, 2151 W. 4th st. 

211. Ouray — P. H. .Shuc, Box 549. 

362. Pueblo — M. L. Todd. 2720 Fifth ave. 

597. Rocky Ford— A. F^ Morrison. 

267. Telluride— O. F. Carpenter. 

534. Victor— C. FI. Palmer, Box 384. 


1 15. Bridgeport — Martin L. Kane, .5(X) Park av. 
127. Derby — John A. Thomas, Shelton, Conn. 
196. (iREENWiCH— F. W. Herbert. 

43. H-ARTFORD— Alex, McKay, 51:1 Julius st, 

97. New Britain — Johu Nel.son.Wl Beaver st. 
7i). New Haven — Wm. Wilson, oOS Chaple st. 
I‘15i. Np:w London — A, G. Keeney, Maple av. 

1517. NfiRWiCH — F. S. Edmonds, 293 Central ave. 
746. Norwalk —William A. Kellogg, Box 391. 
210. Stamford— E. J. Crawford, 2^> F'ranklin st. 
216. Torrington— U, C. Rnm.sev,405 Prospect st 
260. Waterbury — Jos. FC. Saudfford.27 N. Vine. 
5853. Wi listed — H. Gagne, 


579. WiLMi.vGTON — Wm. Straughn, 1111 Lancas- 
, ter ave. 


190. Washington— J. T. Kenyon, 1415 Rhode 
Island ave., N W. 


379. Bagdad— R. S. Robertson, Milton, F'la. 

224. Jacksonville— (Col.) S. T. Minus, (K)9 W. 
Union st. 

605. “ — A. C. MacNeil, 815 F^ Church st. 

74. Pensacola— J. A. Lyle,316i^ W.Zawagossa. 
1(17. “ _(Col.) W. A. Woods. 16 W. Wright st. 

531. St. Petersburg— P. FI. Woodward. 

696. Tampa— C. B. Hester, 2107 Tampa st. 


552. Americus — (Col.) J. W. Redding, 519 Win 

551. Athens— Eugene Horry. 

Atlanta — Secretary I)ist. Council, Thos. 
J, Black, 71 McDaniel st. 

317. '• —(Cars) C. M. Hudsou, 46 Eads st. 

829. Atlanta — Thos. J. Black, 71 McDaniel st. 
4539. “ — J. W, Cross, 6 Lloyd st. 

520. “ — ( Col. ) G . W . Smith , 53 Anges av. 

153(>. Augusta — (Col T. P. Lewis, 1309 Philip st. 
240. “ — W. M. Hare, 1927 Watkins st. 

283. “ — J. A. Hires. 

527. Brunswick— (Col.) J. Barron, 216 Stone- 
wall st. 

68. Columbus— (Col.) P. C. Tinsley. 

3153. “ — M. C. Gorham. 

501. Darien— Benj. S. Brown. 

144. Macon— G. S. Bolton, 520 Elm st. 

326. “ — (Col.) A. D. Jackson, Genl Del. 

411. Rome — J. H. Densen. 

596. “ — Samuel H. Lockett. 

^56. Savannah— J. N. Wilbon, 515 Duffy, West. 
}jl8. “ •— (Col.) Thos. J. Carter, 5308 Drayton 

261. Valdosta— G. B. Saunders. 

612. ‘‘ —(Col.) Isaac Beard. 


898. Lewiston — F'lank Murray. 


877. Alton — Thomas Oddy, 950 Union st. 

45353. Belleville — Henry Steiner, 605 S. Illinois. 
63. Bloomington— S. G. Cunningham, 601 K. 
Mill st. 

70, Brighton Park— O. Gratton, 53809 S. Al- 
bany ave. 

29‘>. Canton — J. W. Poper, 431 N. ave. B. 

867. Centralia— William Good. 

41. Champaign — O. F'. Miller, 407 W. Thomas. 
518. Charleston — V. S. Brown. 

^9. Chester—!). Ahrens. 

Chicago — Secretary of Dis. Council, Thos. 

Neale, 187 E. Wash, st.. Room 7. 
1. — W, G. Schardt, 189 F^. Wash, st., Rm. 2. 

10. “ — J. H. vSteveus, 6029 Peoria st. 

13. “ — T. J. lyclivelt, 1710 F'illmore st. 

21. “ — (French) P. Hudon,207 S. Center av. 

54. “ — ( Bo, I John Dlouhy, 151608. Homan av. 

58. “ —William W. Benuette, 1902 N. Pau- 

line st. 

181. “ — K. G. Torkel.sou, 1614 N. Central Park 


242. “ — (Ger.) Herman Voell,5111 Paulina st. 

416. “ —James Bell, 1310 W. 18th PI. 

419. “ — (Ger.) Fhnil Demme, 2614 Drake ave., 

Station G. 

501. “ — (Jewish) Isaac Birkhan, 102 Bunker. 

521. “ —(Stairs) Gust. Hausen, 782 N. Rock- 

well st. 

272. Chicago Heights- Eniest Green. 

204. Coffeen— W. W. "Whitlock. 

295. Collinsville— John M. Saner. 

269. Danville— F^ A. Rogers, 9 Columbus st. 
510. Duquoin -W. j. Wallace. 

169. East St. I.ouis— E. Wendling, 512 111. ave. 
378. Edwardsville— J. M. Wilkins, Box 110. 
3651. Elgin— W. A. Underhill, 5158 Bent st. 

62. E^JGLEWOOD— D. D. Sinclair, 7124 Marsh- 
field ave. 

480. FREE;nuRG— II. Geiger, New Athens. 

360. G.alksburg - Nels. John.son, 4516 Philip st. 

1 11. Grd. Crossing— j. Murray, 1299 E. 71st st. 

581. Herrin— Juo. Davis. 

461. Highwood — R. J. O’Brien, Highland Park. 
174. Joliet— G. D. Kanag>’,2M Willow ave. 

4534. Kensington — (Fr.) Ed. I^apolice, 214 W. 
116th st. 

15^4. Kewa NEE— Chas. Winquist, 630N. Elmst. 
505. lyiTCHFiELD— Geo. C. Feiner. 

250. Lake Forest— Willis Russell Box 47. 

8536. La Salle— James Noonan, 312 Tonte st. 

568. Lincoln— J, F). Walker, 702 Decatur st. 

605. Litchfield— Wm. Bray. 

270. Madison — J. P. Farley,’ Box 114. 

847. Mattoon — J. F). Goodbrake, 15305 Broadway. 
241, Moline— Charles Halley. 

80. Moreland — Jas. M, Pariiie,201l Monroest., 

280. Mt. Olive — John Shreier. 

582. Odin—C. B. Vandercook. 

566. Oak Park— Theo. Brown. 

661. Ottawa— J. D. Geary, 216 Deleen st, 

183. Peoria— J. H. Rice, 402 Behrends ave. 

195. Peru — Joseph Scholle, Box 155. 

189, Quincy — F'. W. Fhischer, 1025 Madison st. 
166. Rock Island— Geo. C. Barnes, 608 8th st. 
199. South Chicago— J. C. Grantham, 5S023 Ed- 
wards ave., Sta. S., Chicago. 
479. Sparta— H. L. Cooper. 

16. Springfield— T. M. Blankenship, 413J^ E. 

Jefferson st. 

156. Staunton— Bernard Ackerman. 

495. Streator — F<dw. Kraske, 1112 S. Bloom- 
ington st. 

448. Waukegan — J. Demerest, 719 County st. 
418. Witt— C. Armeutroiit. 


477. Alexandria— C. E. Wliarten. 

352. ANDER.SON — Ross F>helmau, 609 Hendricks. 
431, Brazil — D. Strong, 316 Vermont st. 

488. Clinton— F. Whithed. 

565. Elkhart— W. W. Hahn, 1(X)4 Cemete^' st. 
(552, FXwooD— W. A. Reynolds, P. O. Box 824. 

90. Evansville — Sami. Stork, 920 East 111 st. 
160. Gas City— J. C. Berther. 

599. Hammond — Urvin Spafford.422 Stautonst. 
213. Hartford City— George Slij^er. 

60. Indianapolis — (Gr.) John F;isler, 1822 Sin- 
gleton st. 

281, “ — J. T. Goode, 5308 W, Marv’land st. 

65351. Jeffersonville— W. Gla.ser, (i5'*2 *f;. Court 

215. Lafayette— H. K. Huffmau, 1827 Salem st. 
487. Linton — ^Jas. P. Parks. 

865. Marion— J. M. Simons, (509 E. Sherman st. 
880. Morocco — J. F5. Manley. 

692. MUNCiE — 1). M. Winterä, 5515 S. Gaskev st. 
4516. New Albany- Geo. W. lycmmons, 203 W. 

Spring St. 

117. North Vernon— D. A. Neely. 

(JÄ). South Bend- Geo. W. Guin, 318"W. Sample. 
205. Terre Haute— C. ly. Hudson, 1926 N. lOth. 
658. Vincennes— A. C. Pennington, King’s H’t’l. 


445. Wagoner— C harles Allen. 


316. Boone— Ci. L. McI{lroy. 

6534. Burlington — John Brener, 1341 Griswold. 
808. Cedar Rapids— C. A. Tracy, 615 S. 7th st. E- 
864. Council Bluffs— ly. P. Chahibers. 

654. Davenport— H.W. Schweider,1427Mitchel. 
106. Des Moines— j. A. McConnell, 1415 Linden 

425. “ —(Mill) C. Sevenson. 

678. Dubuque — M. R. Hogan, -299 7th st, 

284, Fort Dodge — Wm. lycahy, 716 N. 9th st. 
767. Ottumwa — ^John W. Morrison, 625 W. 4th. 
491. Sioux City— A. B. Davenport. 


233. Argentine — M. Murphy, Box 347. 

123. lOLA— C. C. Fronk. 

138. Kansas City — Geo. McMullen 8516 Muucie 

458. Lawrence — W. L. Hastie, 1113 Penn st. 

499. Leavenworth — J. Schaufler, Montezuma 

561. Pittsburg— D. J, Walker, 189 F'. 15th st. 
158. Topeka— A. M. H. Claudy, 408 Tyler st. 

201. Wichita— J. L. Taylor, 624 S. Market st. 


712. Covington — C. Glatting, 1502 Kavaiiaugh. 
785. “ — (Ger.) J."W.Mantz, 38 Trevor. 

442, Hopkinsville — James Weston. 

103. Louisville— H, S. Hoffman, 1737 Gallagher 
214. “ — (Gr.) J. Schneider, 1136 F^ Jacob av. 

698. New' port— W. E. Wing, 622 Central ave. 
559. Paducah— John J. Arts, 1426 W. Broadway. 


New Orleans — Secretary of Dist. Council, 
F. G. Wetter, 2220 Jo.sephine st. 
76. ** — Aug. Limberg,714 Foucher .st 

704. “ — F. Duhrkop, 615 Cadiz st 

7.39. “ — M. Joaquin, 15«>1 St. Roch 

85. Shreveport— C. B. Huff, Box 261. 


285. Bath — E. C. Plummer, 97 Drummer st. 

459. Bar Harbor — E. K. Whitaker. 

407. Lewiston — Geo. Fy. Lombard, 58 Goff st.. 

617. Portland — J. C. Burns, Roberts st. 

348. Water viLLE—S. C. Burrill,26 Summer st. 


20. Baltimore — W. H. Keeuau, 906 Asquith st. 
44. “ —(Ger.) H. B. Schroeder, 25308 

Canton ave. 


395. Adams— Manly Sherman, 3-1 K. Hoosac st. 
Boston — Secretary of Dist. Council, H. 
Fogel, 38 Dickens st.. Dor. 

88. “ — C. J. Gallagher, 158 Howard ave., 


438. Brookline— A. C. Wallace, 263 Pond ave. 
441. Cambridge— J. L. Mclsack, 78 Washington 

443. Chelsea — P. S. Mulligan, "22 Potbnn. 

386. Dorchester— H. F. Campbell, 1048 Dor- 
chester ave., Boston. 

218. E. Boston — C. M. Dempsej', 272 Meridian st. 
2251. Fall River — Edw. Gagne, 784 Walnut st. 
570. Gardner— W. Perry , 3 ’Brauch st. 

82. Haverhill — George Frost , Box 401. 

424. Hingham — FI. E. Wherit 3 ', Box 1151. 

31X). Holyoke— J, A. Morin, Box 38, So F'ud. 
400. FIudson — George F^ Biyant, Box 125. 

111. Lawrence — Wm. C, Gemmel, 25 Crosby st. 
370. Lenox — P. H. Caunavan, Box 27. 

49. Lowell — Frank A. Kappler, 1413 Gorham. 

221. Marblehkai) — R. H. Roach. 24 Village st. 
275. Newton— C. L. Connors, 10 Rutland st., 

Watertown, Mass. 

193. North Adams— J. J. Agah, 243 River st. 
851. Northampton— L. D. Bennington, 255 

444. Pittsfield — Chas. H\'de, 10 Booth’s Place. 
67. Roxbury— O. L. Marfin, 1 Regent so. 

807. So. Framingham — Hugh Cooney, 6ö Hare- 
ford st. 

96. Springfield— (Fr.) P. Provost, Jr., 715 
Liberty st. 

177. " — P. J. Collins, 13(J5 State st. 

540. Waltham— Laurie Downing. 

222. Westfield— W.J. Pareuteau, 87 Orange st. 
23. Worcester — W, A. Ros.sley,5City View av. 

408. “ — (Fr.) E. Girard, 2 Bernard Court. 


105. Alpena — B. D. Kellej', 416 Tawas st. 

116. Bay City — E. G. Gates, 218 N. Biniey st. 

19. Detroit— T. S. Jordan, 427 Beaufait ave. 
803. ‘‘ — A. Haak, 228 Erskiue st. 

130. Hancock— F. Weern. 

297. Kalamazoo — H. Greendyke, 1(X)53 N. Park. 
341. Marine City- W. L. Rivard, Box 379. 

173. Munising— A. L. Johnson. 

100. Muskegon— F". M. Starke, 11 Marshall. 

585. Port Huron— W. Crossley, 1114 Church .st. 
69. Saginaw — P. Frisch, 623 Atwater st. 

3534. “ — F, C. Trier, 1721 Hancock st. 

46. Sault St. Marie— A. Stowell, 227 Maga- 
zine st. 

226. Traverse City — J. J. Ti.sdale, 217 W. 16th 


361. Duluth— John Knox, Box 283 W. Duluth. 

7. Minneapolis — Lars Stubee, 2601 S. 22nd st. 
2(’*6. Red lyAKK Falls — N. Holberg. 

87. St. Paul— N els Johnson, 707 Martin st. 


535. Meridian— B. M. Westbrook, 14th ave. 


311. Joplin — Sherman Keen, 117 W. 5th st. 

4. Kansas City — J. F). Chaffin, 2600 Park ave. 
48. Kirksville— W. H. Wellbanm. 

523. Sedalia — ^John L. Cone, 17th and Summit. 
110. St. Joseph — W. Zimmerman, 1*223 N. 13th. 
338. “ —(South) George W. lyCwis. 

St. Louis — Secretaiy of District Council, 
R. Fuelle, 604 Market st. 

6. ** (Ger.) Charles Tlfoms, 2106 Victor at. 

45. “ (Ger.) W. L. Wamhoff, 21X18 N. 14th st. 

47. '* (Ger.) C. J. Hermann, 2712 Chippewa. 

73. “ Geo. J. Swank, 4428 Manchester ave. 

257. “ A. W. Ware, 4413 a Gibson ave. 

678. ** (Stairs) F^ Bruggemanu, 2585 Warren. 

420. Webb City — W. S. Braustetter. 


88. Anaconda— C. W Starr, Box 2538. 

845. Billings — John Powers, Box 531. 

112. Butte City— O. B. Church, Box 623. 

286. Great Falls— O. M. lyarabert, Box 923. 
153. Helena- H. F. Smith, 1119 5th ave. 

28, Missoula— C, White. 




IIS. Lincoln — F. A. Hayes, 44o S. 254h st. 

427. Omaha — M. H. McConnell, 2113 Grant st. 
271). S. Omaha — S. Spence, S. Omaha. 


638. Concord— G. F. Whitford, 48 Downing st. 


AsBüRY Park — William H. Carr, Box 897. 
Atlantic City — D. Z. Weida, 2025 Caspian 

Bayonne— Morris Feldman, 484 Ave. C. 

“ —PA. Miller, 900 Ave. D. 
Bridgeton — J H Reeves, 145 P'ayette st. 
Ca.mdkn — T. E. Peterson, 4210 Walnut st. 
Dover— J Kuntz 228 S. Morris st. 

East Rutherford— M. A. Kerbst, Carl- 

Elizabeth — H. Zimmerman, 240 South st. 

“ — (Ger.) John Kuhn, 11 Spencer. 

Hackensack — E. M. Paton, First and 

Hoboken — A. Crothers, 131 Jackson st. 

“ —(Ger.) H. Si vers. 400 Monroe st. 

Hudson Co. — Dist. Council, Geo. Barwick, 
103 Coiirtland st.. No. Bergen. 
Irvington — Chas. Van W’ert. 

Jersey City — L. P. Larsen, 27a Jewett ave. 
“ “ — (Mill)John Hunt, 551 Grand st. 

“ *‘ — Aug. Zimmerman, 57 Lex- 

ington ave. 

“ “ — L. F. Ryan, 181 Ninth st. 

Jersey City Heights — Robert Hamilton, 
202 W^ebster ave. 

“ (Stairs) G. Feinan, 225 Dodd st., 

Long Br.anch— Chas. E. Brown, Box 241, 
Long Branch City. 

Millville— Jas. McNcal, (;22 W. Main st. 
Montclair — ^Jaraes McLeod, 141 Forest st. 
Morristown — C. V. Deats, Lock Box 103. 
Newark — Secretary of District Counc 
J. I. Skinner, 380 Clinton ave. 
** — H. G. Long, 10 Davis st. 


“ —(Ger.) H. Kachelries. 24 Jabez st. 

“ —Herman Henry. 105 4th ave. 

** — A. L. Beegle, 12*2 N. 2dst. 

“ —(Ger.) G. Arendt, 584 Springfield 


New Orange — James Carey. , 

Orange— F. Schom, 22 Chapman st. 
Paterson— S. Sixx, 90 Water st. 

Passaic — D. J. Keane, BJO Madison st. 
Perth Amboy — W. H. Bath, 321 I^cwis st. 
Phillipsurg — W. S. Garrison, 8 Fayette. 
Plainfield— Wm. H. Lunger, 90 Wester- 
velt ave., N. Plainfield. 
Rahway — G. Helmstadter, 89 Grand st. 
Roselle — Edward P. Mannon. 
Somerville— E. Opdyke. 

Trento.n — A. N. Coniish, 129 Brunswick 

Union Hill— (Ger.) J. Worischek,721 Adam 
st., Hoboken. 

Westfield — John Goltra. 

West Hoboken — Charles Diedrich, pH 
Hudson Boulevard, Union Hill. 


Roswell— W. G. Bollinger, Box 614. 


Albany— L. B. Harvey, 492 21d st. 

“ — (Ger.) H. Balfoort,248 Second st. 

Alexandria B.ay — F. H. Hamilton. 
Amsterdam — W. H. Prell, 40 Greene st. 
Auburn— E. B. Koon, 116 Franklin st. 
Batavia — Gebherd Wassink, 19 Sever place. 
Binghampton — B. W. Taylor, 13 Exchange. 
“ —(Mill) E. P. Salford, 21 
Ruth erford st. 

Bronx — Secretary of District Council, E. S. 
Odell, o70E. 164th st. 

Brooklyn— Secretary of District Council, 
J. MacDonald. 422 4th ave. 

“ — Otto Zeibig, 142S De Kalb ave. 

“ — (Ger. Cab. Mkrs.) A. Gleiforst, 

18 Ellery st. 

“ — Edw. Tobin. 502 Schenk ave.. 

Sub. Sta. 43. 

“ — M. J. Casey , 85 Newell st. 

“ —Martin Pearson, 368 Miller ave. 
“ W. F. Bost wick, 3218 Roebling st. 
“ — C. D. Monroe, 42 St. Mark ave. 

— M. Spence, 342 Madi.son st. 

“ (Ger.) Rich. Kuhnel, 16 Myrtle 
ave., Evergreen, L. I. 

“ — S. E- Elliott, 121*5 St Mark’save, 

“ — Wm. Carroll, 792 Bergen st, 

“ — F. Brandt. 361 6th st. 

“ — H. B. Paterson. 212 63d st. 

Buffalo — Secretaiy of District Council, 
Miles Little, 17 Poley st. 

“ — W. H. W'reggitt, 81 Edward pt. 

“ — (Mill)A, Graupner, 75 Marshall, 

“ — (Ger.) E. Ulrich, 38 Roetzer st. 

“ — E- O. Yokom, 19 Ferguson ave, 

" — J. H. Myers, 83 Laudon st. 

Canandaigua — Frank Perry, 

Carthage— John Reed. 

Clayton — Charles Pierce. 

Cohoes — A. VanArnam, 22 George st. 
College Point— G. A. I»ickeLöth ave. and 
11th st. 

De PEW' — W. J. Patteudan. 

Dunkirk— N. J. Grass, 170 King st. 
Elmira— F. Phillips, 9*23 Davis st. 

Far RöCkaway— Fred. Bazin, Cedarhurst. 
Fishkill-on-Hudson— John F. O’Brien* 
Flushing — M. Kennedy, 188 New Locust st. 
Geneva— W.W. Dadson, 26 Hollenbeck ave. 
Glen Fall.s— Chas. Taylor, 8 Charlotte st. 
Hornellsville— G. Wright. 

Irvington— A. H, Smith, Box 187. 

ISLiP, L. I.— F. E. Woodhull, Bay Shore, 
Ithaca— E. A. Whiting, 108 Aubuni st. 
Jamestown— Jno. Haplon. 20 So. Main st. 
Kingsbridge— John Forsnay, 864 Union 
nvc., New York City. 

Kingston — E. C. Peterson, 15 Sub Station. 
Lindenhurst— L. I. A. {tiehl. 

Little Falj.^— T, R, Maugan, 142 W’. Mon- 
roe st. 

Lockport — W. A. plant, 225 Lincoln ave. 
Long Island Cit v— J. Kessler, 5 Bee Bee av. 
Mamaeoneck— John C. Bull. 

Massena— D. T. Ellis* , , , 

Middletown— C. H. Pickard, 

Mt. Vernon— a. Hutchinson, 16 South st. 

“ J. Beardsley, 81 So. High. 

Nbwburo— John Templeton, 169 Renwick. 
New Rochelle— J.Thorapson, 37 Grove av. 
Newtown, L.I.—Petcr A. Ant^rson, BoxJ3, 

Corona. N. Y. 

New Vor k— Secretary of Ekccutive Coun- 
cil, J. W. Sheehan, 174 Broadway, W. 
New Brighton, S* F, N. Yt 





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New York — Sec. of District Council, D. F. 
Featherstou, Poplar st, Westchester. 
“ J. J. Hewett, 2103 E. 122d, care Lawler. 
“ (Fl’r Layers) C. G. Johnson, 327 E.33d. 
“ T. Coleman, 788 6th ave. 

“ (Jewish) J. Goldfarb, 3210 E. 91st st. 

“ (Ger. Cab. Mkrs. ) S.Kuehl, 224 1st ave. 
** D. Vanclerbeek, 1238 W’. 133d st. 

“ (Ger.) R. Mews, 160 Eagle st., E. D. 

“ Thos. Forrestal, 145)4 Lexington ave. 

“ T. J. Bresliii, 212360 Park ave. 

“ (Scan.) O. Wallin, 24 W. 118th st. 

“ (Ger.) V. Sauter, 677 Courtland ave. 

“ James McGuire, 223 Delancey st. 

“ Wm. Trotter, 2158 W. 48th st. 

Wra. E. P. Schwartz, 29 Fulton ave, 
Astoria, L. I. 

New York — Christian Winter, 4000 Third 

“ (Ger.) John Huber. 2621 E. 10th st. 

“ Emil Bloomquest, 155 E. 96th st. 

“ (Ger.) John H. Borrs, 5215 E. 87th st. 

“ (Stair) H. Blot, 6231 Eagle av.e, Bronx. 
“ (Fr. Can.) G. Menard, 218 E. 74th st. 

“ Charles Camp, 2221 W. 148th st. 

“ (Ger. Millwright and Millers), Henry 
Maak, 2357 Linden st,^ Brooklyn. 
Niagara Falls — B'. M. Perry, 52iO 22!d st. 
North Tonawanda— C. Pohzehl, Box 909. 
Nyack— R. F. Wool, Box 493. 

Oneonta — C. W. Burnside. Walling ave. 
Olean— R. E. Miller, 1*221 So. 7th st. 
Peekskill — T. J. Gallagher, 25 W’illiamsst. 
Portch ESTER— S. Stcphaiison, Box 150. 
Poughkeepsie — F. Quarterraan , Box 32. 
Queens Co.— Sec. of Dist. Council, M. 

Murphy, Box ‘2.36, Far Rockaway. 
Rochester— H.M. Fletcher. 71 Champlain. 
“ (Ger.) T. Kraft, 20 Joiner st. 

“ J. Buehrle, 2.0 Buchan Park. 

Rye — Frank Parker, Portchester. 
Sayville, I.. I. — E. Townsend. 
Schenectady— C. N. Kalafaut; 827 Strong. 
Staten Island — Sec. Dist. Council, J. W. 

vSheehan, 174 Broadway, W. New Brighton 
Port Richmond— J. Keenan, 238 Jersey st., 
New Brighton. 

Stapleton — P. J. Klee, Box 545. 

Stkinway, L. I. — F. B. Menitt. 

Syracuse — Sec. Dist. Council, Juo. R. 

Ryan, 209 Van Buren st. 

“ (Ger.) H. Werner, 201 Rowland st. 
“ E. E. Battey, 517 E. Genesee st. 

“ Charles SilVeniail, 626 Vine st. 
Troy— J. G. Wilson, Box 65. 

Tuxedo— T.Hopkinson,Bo.x 22 Suffeni.N.Y. 
Utica — W. A. W’illiams, 43 Grove place. 
Watertown — Robt. Parham, 55 Stone st. 
Westchester — F. Vnnderpool, Bloiidell av 
Whitesboro — David S. Williams, Jr. 

Wh IT ESTONE— George Belton, Box 8. 
Williams Bridge— A, D. Drake. 
WooDSiDE, L. I. — Louis Villhauer. 
Yonkers — E. C. Hulse, 47 Maple st. 

F. M. Tallmadgc, *216 Elm st. 


Ashville — G. C. Lumlev. 51 Blanton st. 
Charlotte — W. S. Cashiou, 219 S. Graham 

Hendersonville- Jos. McCrory. 
Salisbury— E- H. Brown. 


Akron — B. F. Ebert, 428 E. Buchtel ave 
Barberton — H. U. Stauffer. 

Bellaire— G. W. Curtis, 362;8 Harrison st. 
Bridgeport— B, F. Cunningham. 
Byesville— O. I.. Sayer. 

Ca.mbridge — J. N. McCartney, 221 N 3d st. 
Canton — C. A. Rimrael, 525 N. McKinley 

Chtllicothe— -R. I. O’Brien. 

CiNCiNN.\Ti— Sec. of Dist. Council, B. Bol- 
mer, 3*146 Burnett ave. 

“ J. H. Meyer, 2:; Mercer st. 

“ (^^^*) A* Weise, 969 Gest st. 

“ (Mill) II. Brink worth, 1815 

Spnng st. 

*' A. Berger, 4*229 Fergus st. 

“ D. J. Jones, 2228 Keutoust., 

Station D. 

“ J. Lang, Box 301, Carthage. 

“ J. P, I.uckey, ‘2427 Bloom st. 

Cleveland— vSec. Dist. Council, J. M. 

Bowers, 167 Wearing st. 

“ II, L. I.,epole, 18 Poe ave. 

T. H. Koehler, 188 Marcy ave. 
Bohem.) V.Plechaty, 4o Jewett. 

r.) T. Weihrich, 16 Parker st. 
(Ger.) C.Weltziu, K/2E. View ave. 
Columbus — A. C. Welch, 1J27 Highland st. 

“ H. A. Goddard, 273 N. 17th st. 

Coshocton— D. H. Sullivan, 1250 E* Main 

Dayton — ^J ohn Wehrick, C06 1.inden st. 

“ (Ger.) J. W’irth, 234 Hawker st. 

E. Liverpool— A. p. Cope. 

E. Toledo — Henry Comte, 421 Parker st. 

E. Palestine— G. II. Alcorn. 

Hamilton — Anhur Sims, 729 Shillate st. 
Lima — D. E. Speer, 114 E. Second st. 
Lockland — C. E. Hertel. 

Marietta — J, O. Smith, 510 Charles st. 
Niles— Chas. Humphrey. 

Painsvillk— J. McConnell, 131 Fober .st. 
Pomeroy— E. D. Will. 

Portsmouth— C. Thomaii, 110 Campbell av. 
Steubenville— G. E. Simeral, 101 S. 5th. 
Tiffin — R, S. Dysinger, Hedges st. 

Toledo — M. Tervvilliger, 1323 Waite ave. 

“ (Ger.) W. Morlock, 1203 Page st. 
Youngstown — W. S. Stoyer, 914 Vernon st. 
Zanesville — F. Kappes* Central ave., 10th 


Oklahoma — C. E. Ballard, Box 181. 
Stillwater— Chas. Estridge. 


Baker City— W. Bandy. 

Portland — David Henderson, Box 648. 


Ardmorb— S. Waters, H^verford, 
Allegheny City— J.A. Roljert»on,91 Boyle. 

u (Gr.) A. Weizman, 66 Troy Hjll rd. 
Allbbtown— N. Dalton, 1019 Chestnut st. 
Bkavbr Faels— a* Burry, Box «11 New 

Bethlehem — I. M. Sw]n)cer, 412 Broadway, 
S. Bethlehem. • 

Bradford — W* H* McQuowi), J4 Charlotte 

Butler— E. W. Rauabef, 

CARNpGiE«:-John G. Garbart, Elliot, p. O. 
Allegheny Co. 

Chester— E ber S. Rigby, 816 R. Fifth st. 
Coatesvideb— C. J. Holby, 51 Penns, Ave. 

321. Connells ville—R. L. Hannan, 223 North 
Pittsburgh st. 

239. Easton— F rank P. Horn, 914 Butler st. 

421. Elwood— M. Houk. 

409. Erie — A. C. Henton, 4G0 E. 17th. 

463. F'raknford— Geo. A. Harper, 4350 Paul st. 
122. Germantown— J. E. Martin, 126 E. Duval. 
462. Greknsburg— J. II. B. Rowe, 236 Concord. 
298. Hanover — Charles W. Unger. 

287. Harrisburg— W. Bohner, 222 Peffer st. 

129. Hazleton — C. O. Beck, 57*2 N. Church st. 

288. Homestead — Edwiu Rowe, Jr., L. Box 527. 
515. Kane — A. B. Chatley.. 

208. Lancaster — E. O. W’iller. 314 Chester .st. 
556. Meadville — P. P. Kelling. 

414. Nanticoke— Freeman Thomas. 

415. Mt. Jewett — Thomas B. White. 

206. New Castle— W. E. Kramer, 9 Lee ave. 
333. New Kensington — J. H. Moser, Box 168, 

262. Peckville— J ohn T^. Purdy. 

Philadelphia — Sec. Dis. Conn., cil, John 
Watson, 2618 Jasper st. Sta. K. 
8. “ —Peter McLaughlin, ‘2203 Vine st. 

227. “ — (Kensington) John Watson, ‘2618 

Jasper st., Station K. 

238. “ —(Ger.) Joseph Oyen, 814 N. Fourth. 

277. “ —Elmer G. Erwin, ‘2016 Columbia ave 

359. “ — (Mill) F. Schroy, 4603 G’t’n ave. 

Pittsburg— Sec. of Dis. Council, Alfred 
Madden, Warren st., E. E. 
142. “ — II. G. Sebomaker, 130*2 Sherman ave., 


164. “ —(Ger.) P. Gcck, 9 Lookout Alley. 

165. “ — (E* E.) II . A. Hoeftman, 

Shakespeare st. 

202. “ — G. W. McCausland,C03S, 

East End. 

230, “ — W. J. Richey, 1601 Carson st. 

254. “ — ^J. M. Richard, 159 Mayflower s). 

385. “ — A. Patton, *25-1 Castor st. 

402. “ —(Ger.) R. Sinuert, 131K 12tli .st., S. S. 

401. PiTTSTON— W. F. Watkins, 75 Oak st. 

150. Plymouth— Thos. H. Smith, Box 1148. 

492. Reading— A. Grove, tOi) Mulbeny st. 

145. Sayre— F. J. Holenback. 

5fj3. Scranton Geo. Phillips, 820 Cedar ave. 
484. S. Scranton— (Gr.) E. Schmidt, 6*20 Birch. 
37. Shamokin— Joseph Erdman,*244 S. 7th st. 
268. Sharon— S. S. Cairey, 50 Elm st. 

757. Taylor— G eo. Wicks, Box 45. 

335. Van degrift — J. Giiiher. 

511. Washington— D. S. Knestrick, 19 Gibson 

248, Weissport - David ’Sn j’der. 

93. Wilkes-Barre— J. B. Emery, 129 Stanton 


102. “ —A. H, Ayers, 6*3 Penn st. 

430. WiLKiNSBURG— F. M. Beäty. 

191. York— I. I. Snvdemen, 301 N. West st. 


176. Newport— J. J. Gallagher, 495 Spring st. 
84*2. Pawtucket— J. B. Parquet, Box 18;l, Valley 

94. Providence — Axel M. Russen, 97 Gallup. 
21J. W’esterly— F. E. Saunders, 47 Granite st. 


460. Aiken — I,. K. Palmer. 

5‘2. Charleston— (Col.) J. Pinckney. *36 II st. 
159. “ — T. G. Fields, J106 Ashlev ave. 

69. Columbia— (Col.) C. A. Thompson, ir/2.1 K. 
Taylor st. 

140. “ — J. P. Westbury, 1113 Jervey st. 

376. Georgetown— R. A. Sands. 

372. Langley— S. C. Holman. 

452. Sumpter— J. W. David. 


197. Lead City— W. E. McGimans Box 794. 


590. Bristol— W. M. Walkar. 

854. Chattanooga— ^J. Millsaps, Orange Grove. 
259. Jackson— J. O. K. Williamson, 15o Hatton. 
225. K.noxville— E. E. Houghton, 5.3 E. Brook- 
side st. 

Memphis— Dis. Council, O. W. Williams, 
10*2 Dupree st. 

152. Memphis— (Col.) R. J. Pope, 340 Dunlap st. 
210. “ — Chas. Miller, H8 Davis ave. 

894. “ — J. E. Wright, 82 Manassas st. 

350. Nashville— J. W. Bridges, 707 Joseph ave. 


300. Austin— J. A. Caw’field, 95 Waller. 

392. Beaumont— H. Marble, Box 236. 

185. Cleburne-tJ. M. Rogers, 711 W. Wardville 
731. Corsicana — J. N. Thomas, 750 W. *2d ave. 

198. Dallas— William Watkins, Box 2119. 

371. Denison — W.W. Neighbour, 1315 W. Gandy. 
544. ICl Paso— j, T. Wilson, 1108 San Antonio st. 
339. Fort Worth— J. M. Kenderliue, Ft. Worth 
Planing Mill. 

506. Gainesville— T. B. Mathews, 408 N. 

Civant st. 

Galveston — Sec. of Dis. Council, II. Dev- 
lin, Jr., 1001 Broadway. 

526. “ — J. E. Proctor, *29*24 Ave. P!^. 

611. “ — (Gr.) Fcrd. Dittnianu, 17th st., 

bet. O and OJ -2 sts. 

114, Houston— W. Mon*is, 2010 Rusk ave. 

460. San Antonio— (Ger. ) L. Fischer, 139 Luiu- 
brana st. 

717. “ — A. G, Wietzel, 135 Centre st. 

555. Temlpe— J. M. Cook. 

6*22. Waco — A. E. Wi<liner, Labor Hall. 

53, Yoakum — T, J. Thomassou. 


Ogden — Fred Howard, 404 Washington av. 
Salt I,ake City— A. Tracy, 976 Liberty ave. 


Barre— D. A. Cook, Circle st. 

St. Albans — D. R. Becman, 244 S. Main st. 


Danville— J. W. Keeton, 529 Cabell st, 
Lynchburg- R. L. Daniel. 

Newport News— P. R. Shell, 150 18th. 

" — J. F. Edwards, 2817J^ 

Washington ave. 

Norfolk— H. W. Allen, 105 Bermuda st. 
Petersburg— J. E. Bamer, 431 Miller st. 
Portsmouth— L. W. G. Scorey,706 High st, 
Richmond— D. A. Lacy, 1*28 S. Fourth st, 



































Chester— R. A. Finley, Mercer. 
Clarksburg— J. W. Stealey. 

Fairmount — W. R. Hickman, 428 Benou 

Wheeling — A. L. Bauer, 1619 Jacob st. 


Green Bay— A. Jacobson, 1249 Cherry* 
Kenosha — F. Shirley, 4.58 Boud^t. 

Lake Genh:v.a— W. H. Ularzolf. .«.«ci < 
Madison— Carl Grueucilor, -123 W. 
Milwaukee— Secretary of Dist. Coi^ • 
Hermau Schultz, 1519 
» — (Gr.) J. Dettmaii, 10»i9 Maiden ban' 

“ — (MilUvkrs.) F. Garbes, 62:1 Istsl. 

“ — Aug. J. Hageu, 781 JWth st. 

S. Milwaukee— Henry Von Hatten. 

‘‘ (Gr.) A. Behrmann, 

(Gr.) John Bettendorf, ^ i,iov. 
“ (Gr.) Chas. Kiinge, l lluGarfiel 

Oshkosh — Casper Fluor, 117 Grove st. 
Racine— M. G. King, 1517 Plii”ip?Ji''f,;iist 
Sheboygan— Fred. Eckhardt, 
Waukesha— A. Kimball, 104 E* Broadw y 


267. Di amondville— H. C.Topping, Kemmer«’* 

The Man With the Vote. 

When the man with the Vote has a mind 
Of his own, for a day, at the polls : 
When he and each one of his kind 
Will make use of the force he controls, 
He will theu be a sovereign indeed. 

And no more such oppression will knovr 
As is now, by the curse of man’s greed, 
Fastened on to the Man with the Hoe. 

’Tis the lack of will power that allows 
Him at present, to suffer, oppressed ; 
When his manhood at last shall arouse 
To the fact that his back needs a rest, 
You will then hear no plaints from his tlit® 
Nor be worried by tales of his woe, 

But at present, the Man wifh the Vote 
Is a dupe, like the Man with the Hoe. 

— Uncle Toby’ 


Hundreds of Carpenters praise the best 
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Chapter I. General description of Balloon Fr**® 
Framed Sills and their construction. ctofi 

Chapter II: First Floor Beams or jpg 

Sections, Second Floor Beams, Studding, Fr» 

Door and Window Openings, Wall P at®* 

Timbers. r.IIo«® 

Chapter III. Laying out and Working 
Frames, Girders, Sills, Posts and Studding. . «-ipor 
Chapter IV, Laying aut First and Second 
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Chapter V. Laying out and Framing the KO 
Chapter VI. Raising. 

PART II. — " Roof- Framing." 


How to Frame the Timbers for a Brick fir»' 

Chapter I. General Descriptions First Sto^ 
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Chapter II. Second and Upper Story Bean* » 
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Chapter III. Fireproofing Wood Floors P 
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Chapter IV. Roofs, Bulkheads and Fronts. 
Chapter V. Wood and Iron Construction. 

Chapter VI. Heavy Beams and Girders » 
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Chapter VII How to Frame a Log C»bin. _ ^ 
The work is illustrated and explained U> 

large engravings of houses, roofs, ate., and, o 



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Seattle— G eo. W. Boyce, Olympic Block, 
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Glass Knobs I Ma^^«lureirs^_ol_ Builders’ Fine Hardware 

rAMilCuiMATEO jr»ooowoe»<rR^ 

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. A .a. • ^ Vn t 

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t;,' «» : - 




















orij^iuators and larf;>est niaktTh of U*bhaptd hangen. ' 
OENUINE LANE HANGER fc>r l>fst s.itisiaction. 


Goods Sold by All Hardware Dealers. ''?/!* si 




frin that ti uiaklrg TNION .MAT*P i lothirg 


Makers of Highest Grade Hammers 

erial Best Shape Be 


Cheap, Practical and Useful 

We will ninke yon to oriler a penknife 
like rut iihnvr, with your pictnrw and 
name thereon, with chani<»iN caaa, for one 
flollor, or a big two-blailed Carpenu^m 
Knife with fternian nilver cap, black 
handle, 75 cent», or tortome shell handle, 
one dollar, Illades warranted to itand 
hard woo«l coping. 


190 Loplar St. Cheleea, Maat. 


AdüreM P. J, MiriLIIlK. 

hot Pblluiltfl|ihia, Pa. 

Rapid Mortise Wrought Steel Locks. iniuk* with ii in. hit. 
Centres fuiind with the Otuijjfin^ 
Strike. Oiiiekh' ;i2)plied. 
Aecnnitelv Fitted. 

4 New Departure in Lock Making 


Russell & Erwin Manufacturing Co. 




• - t 





Unequaled for Simplicity, Certainty, 
Quickness and Power in Action 

Tested to 400 Pound« end Fully Warranted 
Approved by Philadelphia Fire Underwriter« Association 



r«Nmn.vAMiA r. b. co. 

U 5 E<> BY 

academy op PINB ARTS. 
znickrrrockbr icb ca 






1217 Pi(BSP~ 

nil Ml. 


[|flM Ifel 

A M 'iithly Journal for Oirpentors, Stair BuikU*rs, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 

VOL. XX. -No. 6. I 
Established 1881. ) 


( Fifty Cents Per Year, 
i Single Copies, 5 Cts. 


“Disston” Saws and Files 

WE manufacture 
our own steel and 
are therefore able 
to watch the quality 
closer than any 
other saw maker. 



Write for our 
Booklet ** Practical 
Hints to Mechan- 
ics” on the Saw, 
how to choose it 
and how to keep it 
in order. 

HENRY DISSTON & SONS, Inc., Philadelphia., Pa. 



ThoilMlAlU €#f thi« t«»oI 
ksve an«l lh«*y 

trr hlifhly f r»mnirnard by 
4L1. who uac them. 

If votir llanlwnrr deiiWrb^ 
Ti*»! handle them don t take an 
fiilcrbir set Iwxhmm- ^ome t»nc 
Miyft, ' It s jii»t tt» good. ^ 





For Carpenters 


Nearly twenty j'ears in biisine^ 
employing hundreds of hands. 

and never had a strike. 

That’s our labor record. 

Cleveland & Whitehill G 

Says the World’s Fair Award 



Arnkynur dfnlfr fur ihrmt* eMcetlent GmrmeaiA 




Black Diamond Files and Rasps 









Solid Milled, Sash, Jloob Bjini^ 
Bead, Ton g ue & Groove Cutters 


Also Bent, Straight, V’ariety, Moulding 
and Cutters of every description 
and Steel Cutter Head Bells 

418-428 WEST 27th STREET NEW YORK 

All ordsni by mail pn>m|>tlT attendadto. 

Sworn Circulation of THM CARPENTER, 

40,000 Copies Monthly. 

Best Advertising Medium for Tool Manufacturers, 
Wood Working Machinery, Hardware, Lumber and 
Building Materials. Also of Specia’ Advantage to 
Contractors, Architects and Business Men. 



® is made riK^t here In Philadelphia and ii 

everywhere by wise people. It ia 


and It 1« the beat furnace because it 
heat to the square inch than 

construction rendcra ^ 

Hints ^bottt Hettino 

will interest and help you. 


ia also made in Thila- 


in.idt* in s?*ven sues and everv conceivable style. It 
has been known to Pluladelplna liousckeepers for the 
past ;u years as the verv best lanpr. 

Tlie ** MAGIC ran>^«- fills the bill for a small, ctmi- R 
pact, inexpensive rany^c. I*ull «Icscnptioa scut free ^ 
upon roi'uest. 


1601 North Fourth Street 


1 3 I '4 PRRrI «.». “lai W. rRy*tt«!H. 



Tfii*« atiacl'.mcr.t Mf panp* <;iti on to > , i Id-»«*!, i\pit 

t«i KUii»;« nr »listaiuo 'I fit* t ut *. t *%•» ti \* •! Inr mil r«* 

cut. stiU givtiij; um nf Iiti* -« r* I’rt'tM iit two I'Ci-.l |’.,r 

miiinriiig n*un*t nr tigol «‘tuif. If* > oiir lo**< n *t Sitn.Ili* 

l!ivni,v»e mail tin n> to any addrr'j» on rueii 1 » f ; nt-» »..* fi. 


Gladys Avenue, near Fifth Strcol, LOS ANGELES, CAL 


Carpt*nt0r anJ lOiiMi rs w iitiuiit (*u*uiti power can 
BUcci rsAilIy conip^t*' with the Iurgr sfiopa f>7 
using nur N«w Latior Niviiig ^fiichioery. 

Sold vn TVi'a/. Sfnd (U/a/of7wa A. 


It Water St. Seneca falls. A’ t'.S A, 



The New System 


li Architecture 


ir.eii .11 t ,1 V p»*. ki*’ ii’ 

*!iird> let'.i.i! •/ • \.nIv \ »nr 
a.ilet I »r II lU ‘ tli.i' n ).t*.krN th* 
'Mmp*»f r. *trais Ä Co. I *»t l-.r i.i'.r i*\ 
I »rin.iiittn .iddt I'N^ 

r. BRAIS & CO 

■<*> I. Indus Street. Cleveland, Ohio. 

PRICE - • • 25 CENTS. 

In Malarial, in Finish, in Cutting Qualltiaa 

Warranted the Best 



• ■Raitaa rwi>wa4itafu t^aaa. 

K ftiM I Ml lA 

hosmIm is.iMla 1*7 I nlan mb 
«I witti LTiUtai 
anUl«t«Hl with tlir Aiiiftii 

ewn FnslrrwllMii nf lAtiof. 
^^***r^ aut'h uiiloi.a Iaam 
no dietifis lira ifasia laba 
of Uirtr Tliia laM 


Tha only UKIOS HADE Hand, Back, and Pan«I Raws, aiaMDfiietared 
In the United RUtek are made by 

S«6 tho followlnr, from Carpenters* Unions t 

To Ako Corpontoro of tho Vmitod ßtmteo mad Canada i 

W« hereby certify t \nt the Saws made by E. C. Atkina a 
Co , of Indianapolis, lnd„ are strictly UNION MADE OOOOS, 
and are flrat>claaa in qualMy. 

Wo are Instmctod to slrn this csrtlflcats by our rospoctlro 


^msdont CotponUrt Umion Wia. do, IndiamspoUt, Jnd, 

O. O. 9MOOK. 

^mtdoni Csrpmis^t l/mton No jJ/, Indiomapoiti, Jnd, 

Bpamm U p«ld far bj Ibw HakBra* Vmkom 
■Bo If Bf lB<lBBBpBlia, 1 b 4 o 


i.s given all anmml when the hou t 
i.s trimiiieAl with S,Trgcnt*.s hunlwaiv 
The Architect i.s pleased hecaiisc lu 
specified it; the owner is j ’«-asc« 
each time he looks at the trimming; 
because they add so much t«> th* 
beauty of the home, and evervbud\ 
is jile.ased with the working of .‘^ar- 
gent’s Spring Locks. 

95 Chambers Strset 

Corrugated Face or Rmootb Pare 
Checkered Rubber llandlen #r Enameled 
Woofl llAtidlon 



■pMisI FImI. T«it*d Tough Ton^r. Solid Tunglud BoUtor. Houtj Hi'1 F.rn'u. Fitted hudlot. 


Be sare the trade mark CUAMl'iON Is on es«!h blsdr 

A Monthly Journal for Carpenters, Stair Builders, Machine Wood Workers, Planing Mill Men, and Kindred Industries. 

VOL. XX.— No. 6. I 
Established 1881. | 


I Fifty Cents Per Year. 
( Single Copies, 5 Cts. 

Everi ^:tt, Wash. — lyocal Union 562 has 
started off with seventy -five members and 
^t will not be very long until we have 
^■eaclied the century mark. Our brothers 
much encouraged and will go right on 
^itli the good work. 

Amsterdam, N. Y. — Uocal Union 6 is 
gaining in membership weekly. We had 
^ visit from President Huber on 17th of 
^st month, and all our members were 
l^iuch pleased with his address. The out- 
is very encouraging. 

- >»> ««- 

Wrndkrsonvillk, N. C.— We have 
^Uite a large membership now and are 
Constantly growing. Uocal Union 530 is 
<loing good work and the members take 
pride in contributing their best efforts to 
the success of the movement. 

^ piCPKw, N. Y. — At our last meeting we 
Jnuiated twenty-one new members and we 
nave over a score of applications to be 
^oted upon. Ix)cal Union 503 has made 
^ Very creditable and encouraging record, 
although organized but recently. 

- »»«« 

SpRiNGFiKLD, Mass. — Local Unions 06 
177 are in a good, healthy condition, 
^Uer by far than they have ever been 
ciore. This has been accomplishe<l by 
^*’d and persistent work. We have a 
^cry active business agent in the field. 

. ^vracuse, N. Y. — Everything is com- 
ing our way here. We have taken in 



■y new members since May 1st. The 
are beginning to realize that we 
Worthy of recognition. Local Union 
is moving onward. 

. ^*190KLINK, Mass. — Our membership 
. growing rapidly and we are now receiv- 
'*1^ applications from many who but a 
Jnonths ago would have nothing 
movement. Con- 
' ions have changed and Local Union 
. ° is healthy and vigorous. 

Petkrshurg, Fla, — Local Union 
is now in excellent working order, 
d the pro.spects are bright for a strong 
influential union of Carpenters here, 
tli'^ ^I'ofliers are striving liard to increase 
c membership, and we hope to make a 
cb better report before long. 

» »» «« - 

^^^EUnswick, Ga. — You have not heard 
^ ^in Us in some time, but we are moving 
^ ^iifi nicely. We have only thirty mcm- 
On our roll, but we expect to soon 
Ve every capable colored man in town 
^2?^^ proud of Local Union 

» ^nd feel confident that it will succeed. 

7 g^P»OES, N. Y.— Bro. Guerin of Union 
liv ^ visit recently and de- 

^ rousing speech to a large attend- 
^sixteen appheatious were received 

after the meeting. Local Union 99 is in- 
creasing at a rapid rate and our members 
are determined the good work shall go 
right on. 


Brunswick, Ga. — Local Union 527 is 
still increasing. Three new members 
were initiated at our last meeting, and we 
have received several applications since. 
We are rushing the good work to the 
front. Nearly all of our brothers are at 
work, and the prospects for the future 
are bright. 

Tampa, Fla. — Conditions here are very 
encouraging. Onr membership is rapidly 
increasing and w'e are getting the most 
skilled workers in our ranks. Local 
Union 696 is going along all right and 
the members and officers are all deter- 
mined to give a good account of their 

vSalisbury, N. C. — The prospects are 
bright for a good .strong union here, and 
the officers and members of Local 595 are 
determined to make a creditable record 
for themselves. We have started out 
with nearly seventy names on our roll 
and are pushing ahead to reach the cen- 
tury mark at an early date. 

— < <<<<— 

SiiKRMAN, Texas. — All the members 
are striving hard to make Local Union 
197 a success. At the present time there 
is a scarcity of work and wages are lower 
than they ever were before, but the pros- 
pects are pretty good for a large increase 
in building .soon, and we want to be in a 
position to handle it properly. 

JoLiKT, 111. — This city is crowded with 
mechanics especially carpenters, who are 
walking the streets in idleness. Con- 
tractors are advertising for carpenters, 
but no heed should be given to false and 
misleading statements in the newspapers. 
Union men are urgently requested by 
Local Union 174 to keep far away from 

Toledo, Ohio. — We initiated 108 new 
members at one of our meetings last 
month. When this record is broken let 
us know and we will endeavor to go one 
better. This is a record that we are all 
proud of. Local Union 25 is flourishing 
as are the other two unions here. We 
are making preparations to form a District 

- «« 

Columbus, Ohio. — At a recent meet- 
ing Local Union 494 received fifty four 
applications and initiated twenty-eight 
new members, and Local Union 61, on 
the following night received fifty-three 
applications and initiated thirty -one new 
members. We are much encouraged in 
the good work and hope soon to reach 
tilt 500 mark. \ 

PrnsBURG, Pa. — The local unions 
everywhere in the district are adding to 
their membership at every meeting, and 
they are in a very prosfierous condition. 
We trust this will continue until every 

skilled carpenter is enrolled in our ranks. 
The brothers are hustling and there is a 
friendly rivalry between several of the 
unions to make a creditable record. 

Akron, Ohio. — A large crowd turned 
out to greet Bro. Cattermull of the Gen- 
eral Executive Board, who delivered a 
very interesting and instructive address 
here recently. Local Union 84 was out in 
full force and the members believe that 
the good work done by the genial visitor 
will be instrumental in largely increasing 
the membership of the organization. 

Jacksonville, Fla.— The membership 
of Local Union 224 is steadily increasing. 
We are holding mass and open door meet- 
ings regularly, and they are producing 
excellent results. Non-union men are 
finding their way into the .several unions 
in the city, and soon the most competent 
of the craft will be with us. We all re- 
joice to see the wonderful progress of the 
Brotlierhood all over the land. 

Toronto, Out. — On May 1st the Broth- 
erhood and Amalgamated men held a mass 
meeting and it was a complete success. 
Local union 27 received .sixteen applica- 
tions for membership that evening and 
others are coming in gradually. We are 
doing our to convert the non-union 
carpenters of this city, and we look for- 
ward to the time when we will have all 
the competent and most desirable crafts- 
men in the organization. 

- »» « « — 

Peoria, 111. — Local Union 183 is flour- 
ishing. The eight-hour day has been 
established and wages have been in- 
creased. We have an active business 
agent in the field, Bro. L. G. Humphrey, 
and undoubtedly his appointment will 
prove of great benefit to our union and 
materially aid in strengthening it in 
membership and influence. New mem- 
bers are presented at all the regular meet- 
ings and there are a good many applica- 
tions on hand. Soon all those who are 
employed at the trade will be in the ranks 
of the union. 

Schenectady, N. Y.— Last month 
Local Union 146 celebrated the victory of 
the organization in securing an increase 
in wages and a reduction in the hours of 
labor, by giving a banquet and smoker. 
The unions of Amsterdam, Albany and 
Troy were all represen tefl. President 
Huber was with us and delivered a very 
intere.sting address, which created a most 
favorable impre.ssion. There were other 
speakers, plenty of good music and a 
generous supply of refresliments. The 
affair was a complete success, and all who 
were present liad a right good time. 

St. Paul, Minn.— At the last meet- 
ing of Local Union 87 five new members 
were admitted, and twenty applications 
were reported by the Secretary. The 
bu.siness agent submitted his report which 
showed the condition of the trade to be 
favorable. Six members were reported 

sick and in their cases sick benefits were 
allowed. Brothers J. B. Morrison, Andrew 
Lind.strom and Charles Boviard were 
elected delegates to the Convention of 
the State Federation of Labor. We are 
entitled to five delegates and two others 
will be selected at the next regular 

Rocky Ford, Col. — Local Union 597 
warns carpenters to stay away from this 
locality. Circulars have been mailed all 
over the country by the American Sugar 
Beet Company, stating that plenty of 
work can be found for car])enters at toj) 
prices. This concern has not kept faith 
with the men they have already induced 
to come. A mass meeting of fanners 
and citizens was held last week to 
the situation, and the Company was 
vigorously denounced. Our Local Union 
requests that the facts be published in 
the Carpenter so that by this means 
men of our craft may not be tricked into 
coming here in unlimited numbers to 
do a very limited amount of work. 

New Orleans. — We are progressing. 

For a time we felt a trifle discouraged 
at the with which our invitation 
to come and join us was treated by our 
fellow craftsmen outside the union. Then 
we took a fresh start and issued a warm 
invitation, in the shape of a circular, to 
unorganized carpenters to come in out of 
the wet and partake of the benefits of 
unionism. And now we are doing a 
mighty good business at the same old 
stand. At the meeting before last. Local 
Union 704 welcomed nine new' ones into 
the fold, and at the last meeting eight 
more were gathered in. No. 76 is doing 
very nicely, also, no less than eleven be- 
ing added to the roll. And one of the best 
features of it is that the new members 
are all desirable men and the best of 
timber. And the prospect ahead is so 
good that it won’t be a great while before 
a non-union carpenter will be a mighty 
lonesome individual. Nothing like do- 
ing a little hustling. 

UTICA, N. Y.— Local Union 125 killed 
the fatted calf at Labor Temple on the 
15th of last month in commemoration of 
the settlement of the strike. All the 
master carpenters of the city were in- 
vited to attend and quite a large number 
of them were present. Refreshments 
were served and a general good time was 
enjoyed until near midnight. The 
Haydn Male Chorus was present and con- 
tributed largely to the pleasure of the 
evening. Speeches were delivered by 
President Clark, Michael Doll, Chairman 
of the Conference Committee from the 
Master Carpenters’ Association, and 
Henry F. Delpho. On motion of Sidney 
A. Dobbins a standing vote of thanks was 
tendered Bro. George S. Coneybear, to v^en 
whose ability the ««aid nope to 

ing triLem adopted in our U. B. 

“Am Fraternally, 

HI' Local Union 375, 

New York City. 



Trade Movements for Better 

Staunton, 111 — Our scale is 30 cents 
per hour, the eight-hour day and double 
time for night and Sunday w'ork since 
April 1st. lyocal Union 156 is doing well. 

Amsterdam, N. Y. — Our demand for 
an increase of 25 cents per day of nine 
hours met with no opposition, and now 
all is serene. No idle carpenters here at 

»»> ■ «« - 

Corona, L. I., N. Y. — The carpenters 
in Whitestone and College Point, U. I., 
•N. Y., have secured the eight-hour day. 
Rockaway Beach and Jamaica have been 

CoFFEEN, 111. — We have secured the 
eight-hour day and 25 cents per hour for 
our members. We are making every 
effort to increase our numbers. Uocal 
Union 204 is in good condition. 

Orange, N. J. — The strike here has 
been settled .satisfactorily. The carpen- 
ters have gained the eight-hour schedule 
and $2.75 per day. Local Union 349 is 
flourishing, and the members are happy. 

Cincinnati, Ohio. — The old rule here 
was nine hours and $2.25 per day. The 
new schedule from June 1st is eight-hours 
and $2.40 per day throughout Cincinnati 

1st. Our next movement will be for a 
reduction in the hours of labor. Local 
Union 455 is steadily increasing in mem- 

Rahway, N. J. — The contractors and 
builders here have been notified by Local 
Union 537 that on and after July 1st nine 
Imurs shall constitute a day’s work at 25 
cents per hour. No trouble is looked for, 
as nearly all the bosses* are favorable to 
the movement. 

- >»>«« - 

Hendersonvieee, N. C. — We have 
made a demand for $2.00 per day. Some 
of our men are already getting this 
amount, but we are anxious that all com- 
petent carpenters should receive this rate. 
No trouble is anticipated. Local Union 
530 is all right. 

Chester, Pa. — The members of Local 
Union 207 have won their fight for an 
increase of wages from $2.50 to $2.75. 
Nearly all the individual contractors and 
büilders have agreed to grant the advance, 
notwithstanding the fact that in their 
association they decided to maintain the 
old rates. 

Toronto, Out. — The Brotherhood and 
Amalgamated Carpenters of this city, in 
a large majority of cases, have received 
the advance of 25 cents per hour as the 
minimum rate. We have decided to let 
the eight-hour question rest until August 
1st. At that time trade will be in better 

Hazeeton, Pa. — All of the contractors, 
with two exceptions, have granted our 
demands for the nine-hour day and $2.25 
per day. An effort is being made by 
Local Union 129 to win the oth^s over 
without a strike. 

Boueder, Colo. — We are pleased to 
reiK>rt a big victory for Local Union 264. 
Our demands for the eight-hour day and 
$3 per day were granted on the 1st day 
of April. Only one contractor made a 
a kick. The union is flourishing. 

Waterloo, Ont.— The organized car- 
penters of Berlin and Waterloo are on a 
fair way to success. We have a member- 
ship of 35 and expect very soon to in- 
crease that number considerably. Local 
Union 553 is all right. 

Mena, Ark. — Local Union 366 is gen- 
erally gaining in numbers. An applicant 
for membership named Pete Kline lias 
been rejected. He was balloted for on 
four different occasions and was black- 
balled each and every time. 

Newark, N. J. — All demands liave 
been conceded. These include the eight- 
hour day, 34^ cents per hour minimum 
rate, time and half for overtime, double 
time for Sundays and holidays, and none 
but union men to be employed. 

San Francisco, Cal. — All our unions 
are in splendid condition. We have won 
the eight-hour day and $3.50. Local 
Union 483 and the others are sending aid 
to our brothers in Chicago, and all hope 
they may succeed in their movement. 

Shreveport, La. — We tire happy to 
report that our movement was an im- 
mense success last month, and we liave 
secured the eight-hour day and 30 cents 
per hour. Taking it all in all our mem- 
bers have every reason to congratulate 
themselves. Local Union 85 is increasing 
in numbers. 

Bradford, Pa. — We have endeavored 
hard to gain the nine-hour day, and most 
of the contractors have now granted the 
nine hours. Wages are 25 cents to 27 
cents per hour. We expect to have all 
the contractors with us shortly. The 
membership of Local Union 124 is still 

Columbus, Ohio. — The Contractors’ 
Association has granted our demands, 
which included the eight-hour day and 
30 cents per hour, and it is the wish of the 
employers that we get all the good men 
into the organization, and that should 
differenoes arise at any time they are to 
be settled by conferences with them. 

Albany, N. Y. — We have come to an 
agreement with the Builders’ Association 
and succeeded in gaining the eight-hour 
day with nine hours pay. The former 
rates were 25, 28 and 30 cents, and the 
new schedule is 28, 3 1 ^ and 33 cents per 
hour. Local Unions 274 and 659 are going 
along all right and steadily increasing in 

Kansas City, Kan — We have suc- 
ceeded in establishing the eight-hour day 
to a greater extent than ever before, and 
only one or two contractors have refused 
to sign the agreement. Last year the 
men worked for 25 cents, but now 30 
cents per hour is the minimum. All our 
members in Unions 4 and 253 are at work. 
The prospects are encouraging. 

Langley, S. C.— The members of Lo- 
cal Union 372 are mounting the sad death 
of their beloved President, Bro. J. C. 
Sentell, who was killed by a train on tlie 
Southern Railroad, near this place, on 
May 28th. As a tribute of respect the 
Union paid all the funeral expenses. The 

deceased leaves a wife and two children 
and a host of friends to mourn his loss. 

Ardmore, Pa. — Local Union 462 has 
presented its demands to the Master Car- 
penters here to take effect on July 1st. 
These include the eight-hour day, 35 cents 
per hour, overtime to be paid for at the 
rate of time and half, and double time for 
Sundays and holidays. Our membership 
is increasing and all are working zealously 
in the effort to better their condition. 

Bridgeport, Conn. — The agreement 
between the Master Builders’ Association 
and Local Union 115 includes the eight- 
hour day, a minimum scale of 3 1 '4 cents 
per hour, and overtime to be ^ aid for 
Sundays and holidays at 47 cents per 
hour. Our Conference Committee did 
well and deserves great credit for its 
excellent work in bringing about a settle- 
ment without the slightest trouble. 

- » » > •< « < < ■ 

PiTTSTON, Pa. — We have had little or 
no trouble in securing our demands for 
the nine-hour day except with the firm of 
J. E. Patterson. This concern was given 
a month’s notice of the intention of the 
carpenters to make an effort to reduce 
the hours of labor, and is the only one 
that failed to recognize the reasonable- 
ness of our demands. Local Union 401 
has declared the firm unfair, and the Dis- 
tric Council has approved this action. 
Both bodies have decided to fight the 
firm to a finish. 

Hamilton, Ont. — Union carpenters 
here have scored a big victory, as all the 
bosses who employ up ion men are pay- 
ing them the advance. Many employers 
are discriminating against non-union men 
by paying them from 75 cents to $2.00 per 
day and telling them that the $2.50 scale 
is for union men only. The demands 
were granted without a general strike. 
We must now endeavor to hold what we 
have secured by perfecting our organiza- 
tion, and this the members of Local 
Union 18 are determined to do. 

St. Louis, Mo. — A t the end of the 
seventh week of the strike we held amass 
meeting and after hearing the report of 
our Advisory Board, declared the fight 
w’on. We control nearly every job of 
new work in the city, and our men are 
employed on these buildings at the rate 
of 45 cents per hour. The Master Build- 
ers are holding out and declaring that the 
strike is still on, but most of them are 
standing idle. If any one of them gets 
work we are prepared to compel them to 
hire our men or throw up the contract. 
The victory is ours let the employers 
whine and wimper as they will. 

Pittsburg, Pa.— Everything is going 
along smoothly liere both in the mills and 
on outside work, and it gives us pleasure 
to state that 33 cents per hour lias gen- 
erally become the scale for outside men, 
while the mill men receive $2.75 per day, 
according to agreement. There are a few 
firms belonging to the Master Builders’ 
Association that have refused to be gov- 
erned by the agreement, but through 
efforts now being made we are sanguine 
that they will fall in line before much 
time has elapsed. The plasterers, stone 
masons and stone cutters of Pittsburg 
have secured the eight-hour day. 

- »»>«« 

Charleston, S. C.— Last December 
Local Union 52 and 159 in joint session 
issued a circular to the contractors that 
from February 5, 1900, union carpenters 
would not work with non-union men, 
nor would they work material bought 
from a non-union firm. T. G. Fields, 
Financial Secretary 159, was selected to 
enforce these rules, aud'after a six \/eeks 

stubborn fight he succeeded in union- 
izing the three sash, blind and door fac- 
tories in the city, converted the no^^' 
union men, made every job a union one, 
and increased the membership of the two 
unions about 130 members. Only one 
contractor stood out. He declared that 
he would employ none but colored union 
men, and would destroy the white union. 
When the colored carpenters heard this 
they came to our relief at once anil 
refused to work for this boss until he 
recognized both unions, Brotlier Fields 
called three times and endeavored to 
settle matters, and finally the firm was 
allowed to work union and non-union 
men on separate jobs. This agreement 
was soon violated, and it was decided to 
call off all union men. Four members of 
Union 159 refused to obey and openly 
defied us, and in the interest of the 
organization they were expelled froE^ 
the Brotherhood. The principle con- 
tractors are with us in this fight and we 
will win. Both Local Unions are doing 

Nineteen New Unions Chartered Ouf- 
ing the Past Month. 

197. vSherman, Tex. 

232. Fort Wayne, Ind. 

319. Huntington, Ark. 

580. Dundee, N. J. 

598. Wabash, Ind. 

600. Mound.sville, W. Va. 

601. Rockaway Beach, N. Y. 

602. Terrell, Tex. 

604. Murphysboro, 111. 

607. Hannibal, Mo. 

608. Weatherford, Tex. 

609. Houston, Tex. (Col.) 

610. Port Arthur, Tex. 

613. Jamaica, N. Y, 

614. Baldwinsville, N. Y. 

615. Pratt City, Ala. 

618. Phoenix, B. C. 

619. Petersburg, Ind. 

620. Vineland, N. J. 

The members of Local Union 98, ^ 
the International Brotherhood of PUectri' 
ad workers in Philadelphia, I’a., have 
returned to work. They have secure 
the eight-hour day, 35 cents for wiremc*^ 
and not less than 20 cents an hour 


Eight Hour Bill Passes. 

Under suspension of the rules, 


only twenty-four dissenting votes, y 
House last week passed the Gardner hi ® 
limiting to eight hours a day the hours o 
daily service of mechanics and laboreri» 
upon work done for the United States of 
any Territory of the District of Columbj^» 
and the bill to prohibit inter-state trafu^ 
in prison-made goods by bringing theu^ 
under the jurisdiction of the poh^^ 
powers of the State. In speaking ^ 
his bill, Mr. Gardner explained that i 
was designed to carry the law of 1^ 
where it was intended to go. Congre^ 
had passed a series of laws time aftef 
time, adopting the theory of an eigf^^ 
hour law for Government work. 
practise it had so fallen out that the man* 
portion of Government work was ** 
reached by the statutes as contracto 
were not amendable. This bill wou 
compel all Government contractors 


have their work done on the eiglit'^^^ 

The Central Trade and Labor 


proposes to establish a ’bus line 
Louis, Mo., to compete witli and f 
parallel to the lines of the St. 
Transit Company, on which there 
strike, to be operated by Union men- 
least $100,000 will be raised to equip 
’bus system. 



Donations From Local Unions to 
Locked -out Chicago Carpenters. 

Chicago, May 25, IIKX). 

Brother McGuire; 

The following is a full list of donations 
received for support of locked out men, since 
last statement rendered April 2-lth. 

Local Union No. 180, Hancock, Mich. . . 

$10 00 




447, Portsmouth, Va. . 

15 00 

8-16, Dayton, Ohio . . . 

15 00 


8.81, Norfolk, Va 

10 00 



3^10, New York . . 

50 00 



•157, Wakefield, N. Y. . 

60 00 




ISO, Jersey City .... 

10 00 


46.5, Ardmore, Pa. . . . 

10 00 



10-J, Dayton, Ohio . . . 

25 00 


871, Buffalo, N. Y. . . . 

10 00 

261, Boulder, Col. . . 

10 00 


110, .St. Joseph, Mo. . . 

25 00 


•182, Jersey City .... 

15 00 


272, Chicago Heights . 

5 00 



171, Brooklyn, N. Y. . . 

100 00 


716, Zanesville, Ohio 

10 00 


08, Spokane, Wash. . . 

50 00 



108, Louisville, Ky. . . 

50 00 


8 6, Mena, Arkansas . 

5 00 



.'100, Austin, Texas . . . 

10 00 



6.'10, Brooklyn, N. Y. . . 

20 0^ 



868, Elgin, 111. .'.... 

10 00 



252, Oshkosh, Wis. . . . 

10 00 




271, Gad.sden, Ala. . . . 

2 50 


207, Chester, Pa 

10 00 


251, Kingston, N. Y. . . 

10 00 


561, Jersey City Heights 

10 00 


78, Troy, N. Y 

21 00 

116, .Schenectady, N. Y. . 

15 00 



;U1, Boston, Mass. . . . 

100 00 


•176, New York 

100 00 

'* 707, Ottumwa, Iowa. . . 10 00 

Total ‘>0 

rievlously acktiowleged . . 2,200 1 1 

Graild Total to date $:i,000 61 

Tttos. NeAlE, 

Secretary- Treasurer. 

CtncAGO, Julie 8, 1900. 

Brother McGuire : 

The following Is a list of all rtioiieyh received 

answer to our second appeal to date : 
>cal Union No. 50, Saginaw, Mich . 

$ 6 .50 


10, Detroit, Mich . 

25 00 

461, Highland Park, III. 

5 00 

215, Cambridge, Ohio 

15 00 


•128, Fairmont, W.Va. 

5 00 



206, New Castle, Ea 

5 OO 


712, Covington, Ky . 

10 00 



284, Fort bodge, Iowa 

10 00 

111, Itouston, Texas. 

.50 00 


687, Hamilton, Ohio. 

5 00 

257, St. Louis, Mo . . 

100 00 



561, Jersey City Hts . 

10 00 



126, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

5 00 



•105, Streator, 111. . . 

‘25 00 



.’188, Richmond, Va . 

5 00 


272, Chicago Heights 

5 00 

5, St. Louis, Mo. . 

25 00 


R60, Galesburg, 111. . 

10 00 



180, Canon City, Col. 

5 00 



704, New Orleans, La 

10 00 



J102, Beaumont, Tex. 

10 00 



468, Philadelphia, Pa 

4 00 



458, 1,awrence, Kan. 

5 00 



35, San Rafael, Cal. 

25 00 


555, Temple, Texas . 

5 00 



608, Newport, Ky . . 

5 60 

250, Lake Forest, 111. 

10 00 



268, Sharon, Pa . . . 

10 00 



Traverse City, Mich. 10 00 


716, Zanesville, Ohio. 

10 Ö0 



488, Clinton, Ind . . 

10 00 



336, La .Salle, 111. . . 

10 00 

187, Norwich, Conn . 

10 00 


6.8, Bloomington, 111 

10 00 


60, Indianapolis, Ind 

10 00 


310, Binghampton,N.Y 

2 00 


271, Gad.sden, Ala. . 

2 .50 


442, Hopkinsville, Ky 

5 00 


*200, Lake Geneva, 
Wisconsin . . 
6, Amsterdam, N.Y 

10 00 
10 00 

()06, W. New Brigh- 
ton, N. Y. . . 
281 , Indianapolis, Ind 

10 00 
10 00 


767, Ottumwa, Iowa. 

10 00 


•280, Lockport, N. Y. 

25 00 

483, Jersey City . . . 

15 00 



311, Joplin, Mo . . . 

5 00 



212, Mount Vernon, 
New York . . 
203, Poughkeepsie, 
New York . . 
6ti7, Cincinnati, Ohio 

5 00 

5 00 
8 50 

141, Macon, Ga . . . 

5 00 

448, Waukegan; III . 

25 00 


03, Wilkes-Barre, Pa 

5 00 

Total . 

$638 60 

Grand total to date 

f.8,646 21 

■ Fraternally yours, 

Thus. Neale, 

Secretary-Treasurer, y 

A Suggestion to Ministers. 

Whenever a minister delivers a sermon 
in behalf of trades unionivsm, ora humane 
economic system, it creates widespread 
comment — as if it ought not to be the 
most natural thing in the world for an 
avowed disciple of the Saviour of men 
to favor any movement whose object is 
the bettering of the conditions under 
which men move, breathe and have their 
being ! Trade unionists, social reformers 
and other humanitarians owglit to be 
justified in looking to the church for 
support with confidence bred of the 
thought that the servant follows in the 
footsteps of the Master. The pulpit 
ought to be the natural forum of the 
people ; the church the legis of the 
oppressed. No minister can preach 
Christ without preaching humanity. — 
Pittsburg Advocate. 

Another Bellamy A'ision Realized. 

'The electrophone, by means of which 
a person at a distance may listen to the 
opera, is in some favor in London. Places 
along the principal thoroughfares are 
fitted up with the devices, and for a small 
payment one may listen to what is going 
on in the principal theatres and music 
halls. The Duke and Duchess of York 
have had York House connected with 
the leading theatres and concert halls, 
and their Royal Highnesses may sit at 
home and enjoy the entertainments, 
quite as Edward Bellamy predicted. 

Stand by the Unions. 

The union is what the laboring men 
make it. If they join it just for the 
increase in wages and less hours, and 
then stay at home and let some one else 
do the work it will not stand. Get out and 
hustle, talk to your friends on the sub- 
ject, get them interested, never let an 
opportunity to talk union pass, and talk 
to some purpose. There is a principle at 
stake : fairness to the employer and em- 
ploye should be considered. Never 
adopt the scale that the employer cannot 
‘accede to if he is so minded — live and let 
live should be our motto ; but after such 
a scale is adopted stick to it — never say 
die. The laboring man’s wife and 
daughter can help to strengthen the 
union as much as he can, and it is to their 
interest to do so by refusing to patronize 
those firms opposed to union labor; 
never buy anything that has not the 
union label attached. vSee that your 
shoes have the union label, your hats, 
your clothes, the tobacco you use, the 
barber who shaves, the clerk that waits 
on you in the store, in fact everything. 
See that a union teamster hauls your 
coal. If your house needs painting or 
papering be careful to employ only union 
men to do it. See that you at least do 
not patronize non-union employers and 
see what your influence will do to keep 
others from doing so. Each one has 
influence ; always use it for good. If 
you want to succeed be honest to your- 
self and employer ; always give the best 
work and do not kill time but do the 
very best you can. Do not think of 
your own bread and butter alone, but 
your neighbors as well. By standing 
by each other union success is sure. 
United we stand, divided we fall, will 
apply to unions in general. — Exchange. 

Thk Borough of Manhattan, City of 
New York, has abolished the carrying of 
large tools (benches, mitre box, hand 
.;crews and clamps) by the cabinet makers. 
Employers now furnish them. This 
change was accomplished without any 
strikt and did not cost the organization a 

Ätanfcn s 35ciicfit in bet 

' 43 riibcr : 5» ^Inbctrac^t, bafe ber 
piiiift 3iir näd)ftcu G^onDcittioii nä^er rücft, 
ift e§ ail ber ^cit cine ^Ingclcgcnljcit jur 
8|)rad;c 311 bringen, incite für fämmtlid)c 
Socal Unions unferer 33 riibcrfd)aft toon 
fc^r loid)tigcm ^^ntcreffe ift. ßocal Union 
375 toon 5 ^elo ' 0 or! ditl) bcfd)Iofe ein ilo5 
mite ein^nfclien, beffen ^Infgabc e§ fein 
[oflte, in ^ejng anf ilranfenUXnterftU^nng 
genaues ÜJlatcriai 311 fammeln iinb ift ba>- 
bei, in 33e3ugnat)nie ber lenten 3loci ^al)re, 
311 folgenbem iKefnItat gelangt, 

1898 loarcn 137 DJHtgHeber franf, lDeId)c 
bie Bninme toon $ 3045.00 an ^Benefit 305 
gen. ^cmerft fei l)ier, bafi 311 biefer 3^it 
für bie erftc 50 od)c fein ^Benefit be3a()lt 
imirbc; ber T). na^m jebod) cine ^lenbcs 
rung feiner Dlebengefctjc toor, loonad) im 
fValle toon 3loci5 ober mc^rh)öd)cntlid)cr 
IXran!l)cit toom erften 2;agc an benefit bes 
ja^lt loerben mufe. 

3 m 1899 bei einer Rranfcn=öifte 

toon 131 OJHtgliebern (6 loeniger als im 
^orjaf)re) betrug bie «Summe beS auSbe^ 
3ät)(ten benefits $ 4352 . 00 , eine 5 Hc^rauS= 
gäbe toon b( 0 S $ 1307.00 loä^rcnb beS fiir^ 
3cn JJcitranmS toön einem beioiefe^ 

nermadften eine f^olgc toorgenannter 'Hens 
bernng. ^aft bei einer fo(d)en ^hiSgabe in 
fljforni toon ilranfengelb allein, in einer 
Cocal Union toon bnr^fd)nittlid) 725 OJtits 
gliebern, bie 3ntcreffen ber anberen ^Rits 
glieber, ja loomöglid) bie ©Eiftcni ber 
ßocal Union fclbft gcfäl)rbet ift, mufe je- 
bem benfenben ÜRcnfd)en einlcnd)tcn. ^InS 
Oben angefül)rten ^arftctlnngen apbcUiren 
loir an Gnd), (!?ure 3ur näd)ftcn, in Scran^ 
ton, ^la., ftattfinbenben ß^ontoention 311 
lücil)lenbcn T)elegatett baf)in 311 inftruiren, 
baß fämmtlid)c biesbc3üglid)en ^laragrapf)cn 
ber öeneraUdonftitution 311 ftreid)en fuib, 
unb bafe eS jeber Coeal Union felbft an? 
f)eun geftellt loirb, böS Ilranfcn?i8cnefit 
fo 311 regeln, loie cS am 3locdentfbred)cnb? 
ften 3um 51ortl)cil i^rcr 50 Utgliebcr ge? 
reid)t. 3öir finb über3cugt, bafe biefc '-ün? 
regnng überall alS 3citgemä6 aufgefafjt 
loerben loirb; anfeerbem loöre cS fcl)r loün? 
fd)cnStocrtl), biefc 'Kngelcgenl)cit in nnferm 
Journal, bem G^arpenter, 3iir 2 )iS!nffion 311 
bringen, bel)ufS ^Infflärmig biefer loeit? 
gc^enben ßrage. 

^eS fiferncren Icnft Socal Union 375 bie 
^Infmcrffamfeit ber 'Brüber anf ben jeiji? 
gen 5 RobuS ber 'iluSbe3al)lung Don Ster? 
begelbern. (fS ift me^rfaefy toorgefommen, 
baft bie ^Inlocifnng bcffelbcn ön ^erfonen 
ftattfinbet, ol)nc ficft 3uerft ©eloiftfteit tocr? 
feftöfft 311 ftaben, ob bic ^etreffenben aud) 
loirflid) 3Ur (frftebung beffclben nac^ bem 
fllcfetj bered)tigt finb. Um fold)c8 in 3 ^= 
fnnft 311 toerftüten, möd)tett loir baS nad)? 
folgcnbe fVotmnlar in SSorfcftlag bringen, 
loeld)cS toon jebcni ^Tanbibaten bei ber ^^(nf? 
naftme, foloie toon allen jeftigen ^JMtgliebcru 
auS3nfüllcn ift unb in ®crloal)rnng ber ßo? 
cal Union bleibt; beim ©tcrbefall bcS betr. 
5 )titgliebS mit ben anberen 2 )ofumcnten 
an bic Ö. O. eingefanbt loirb. 

3 um iBelociS ber Dtotftlocnbigfeit fei fol? 
genber g-all crloaftnt : 

®cim S^obeSfall nnfcrcS 5 RitglicbcS ilarl 
ßeitgeb, loelcfter 3ioei ilinbcr auS erfter Gftc 
ftintcrlicft, lourbe beffen 3loeite f^rau auf 
bem toorgefd)riebcnen ^obcSfd)cin als ßrbin 
bc3cid)nct; bcrfelbc ftatte jebod) oftne SIMffen 
ber Jüoeal Union bic iJrau cincS nnferer 
fDUtgliebcr als Ißormunb unb XeftamentS? 
IBollftredcrin ernannt, ba er befürchtete, 
baft feine UBittmc baS ©clb 3iehen loürbc 
unb bie ilinber ber öffentlid)en Firmen? 
pflege 3ur Saft fallen loürbcn. Ülacft @in? 
fenbung ber gefeftlid) auSgeftcllten S 3 cglau? 
bigungSs^iapierc als ^ormunb an bic Ol.C. 
erhielt unfer 0 -. 8. einen bicSbc3Üglid)cn 
Ghcrf/ loclcl)cr unter lBeobad)tung aller toon 
ber U. 18 . toorgefd)ricbenen Qformen an bic 
betreffenbe iperfon (ben löormunb) ein? 
gel)änbigt lourbe. 

Tic Iföittloc toerflagtc hiei^^uf bic Socal 
Union auf lÄuSbe3ahlung bcS etcrbcgcl? 
beS, unb lourbe troft aUcr gegentheiligen 
»ciocifc gegen unS entfd)icben; ber Iflroacft 
fd)locbt jebod) auf unfere lilppcHation hin 
augenblidlid) nod). Soiocit finb bic iloften 
beffelben nngefähf $ 175 . 00 . Tic Grfah* 
rung hat unS gelehrt, liaft fold)c 18 crmäd)t- 
uift?feeitijitQte, in ÄiQuUutajjen unb Un= 
tcrftüftungSslöcteinen, fich an ähnlid)cn pU 

len loic ber angeführte beloährt haben unb 
geben loir uns ber .§offnnng l)iih biefel? 
ben and) bei unferer 18 rübcrfd)aft cingefül)rt 
31t feften. 

HR it folibarifd)em ©ruft 

Socal Union 375 . 



Brothers : As our next convention is 
approaching, it is time to bring to your 
notice a subject which is intere.sting to 
every local union of our Brotherhood. 
Local Union 375, of New York, appointed 
a committee, whose duty it was to collect 
statistical material about sick benefits paid 
by the local union. This committee, tak- 
ing the last tw’O years into consideration, 
found as follows : In the year 1898 the 
total numb